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Full text of "The Granite monthly : a magazine of literature, history and state progress"

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REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 1833 01742 4554 



GENEALOGY 
974.2 
G7659 
1914 



THE 



/% 



GRANITE MONTHLY 



■ 



A New Hampshire Magazine 



DEVOTED TO 



History, Biography, Literature 
and State Progress 



VOLUME XLVI 

NEW SERIES, VOLUME IX 



.CONCORD, N. H. 

PUBLISHED BY THE GRANITE MONTHLY COMPANY 

1914 *.--""' 



concord, n. h. 

The Rumford Press 

1914 



* B&S978 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/granitemonthlymav46conc 



The Granite Monthly 





















CONTEXTS JANUARY 

Old Series, Volume XLVI 
New Series, Volume IX 



DECEMBER, 1914. 



Page 

Aeworth, "Old Ac worth," by Frank B. Kingsbury 116 

Ciarcmoxtt, New Hampshire. The Association Test in, by Mrs. Marcia N. Spofford . . 81 

Claremont Anniversary, The. by H. H. Met calf 341 

Doctor Hail Jackson, by Russell Leigh Jackson 416 

Dover and the Quakers, by Charles Nevers Holmes 73 

Eastman Records, Early English, by Charles R. Eastman 90 

Editor and Publisher's Notes 64, 95, 127, 160, 192, 224, 268, 340, 420 

Educative Value of Tool Work, The, by S. Horace Williams 149 

Exeter and the .Phillips Academy, by Sarah B. Lawrence 101 

Fremont, The Ancient Poplin 161 

Hannah Dusiin Memorials, by E. W. B. Taylor . 207 

H Lintress, Harriet Lane 129 

Hut-china, Hon. John C 97 

Interesting Document. An, Will of Ebenezer Webster of Kingston 133 

Lancaster, by Charles Hardon 269 

Leaders of New Hampshire, by H. C. Pearson 65, 225 

Meredith, by Charles Hardon 31 

Moral and Economic Waste of War, The .* 143 

New England May-Day Festival, A, by an Occasional Contributor 141 

New Hampshire and the Presidency , 113 

~Se\v Hampshire's New Judges, by Harlan C. Pearson 1 

New Town History, A SS 

"Old Aeworth," by Frank B. Kingsbury 116 

PiUsbury, Hon. Rosecrans W 193 

Pioneers of Little Harbor and Vicinity, by J. M. Moses 215 

Primary Election of 1914, The, by An Occasional Contributor 246 

Problems of Life and Mind, by Francis H. Goodall 123 

Story of the Isles of Shoals, The, by H. H. Metcalf 231 

Suburban Summer Resort, A, by Edward J. Parshley 337 

Simapee, The Beautiful, by Rev. Frank B. Fletcher 76 

To the End of the Road, by Shirley W. Harvey '. . . . 220 

Vanished Landmark, A 71 

Veteran of Two Wars, A, by Gilbert Patten Brown 135 

Votes for Women, by Wallace Duffy ." 84 

White-Capped Scout, The, by Lena E. Bliss 187 

Wonolancet, by Mabel Hope Kingsbury 197 

New Hampshire Necrology 62, 93, 124, 157, 191, 223, 267 r 339. 41S 

Abbott, Hon. John T, 125 

Barnard, Frank E 62 

Beede, George F . 93 

Brackett, James S • : 15S 

Brockway, Dr. Daniel G .- " 158 

Brown, Prof. Charles R 94 

Brown, Warren G 127 

Cogswell, Prof. Francis 125 



I 



Contents 



Collins, Gen. Charles S 

Cook, Miss Harriet J 

Cross, Gen. Ira 

Daniels, Rev. Charles II., D.D. 
Davenport, Hon. James L. . . . 
Dickey, Mrs. Nancy King . . . . 

Dickey, Rev. Myron P 

Dole, Hon. Charles A 

Dow, Charles H 

Eastman, Miss Mary C 

Fahey, Patrick 

Farr, Charles A. . 

Fletcher, Josiah M. . 

Folsom, Henry H 

French, Henry K 

Goodall, Hon. Franklin P 

Goo Jell, Dr. John 

Haskell, Joseph II 

Biggins, Hon. Freeman 

Hooper, Prof. Franklin W 

Judkins, Rev. George J 

Kinsley, Col. Frederick R 

Lane, Charles H 

McChntock, John X 

Musgrove, Capt. Richard W. . . 

Nichols, James E 

Niles, William H 

Niles, William W., D.D., LL.D. 

O'Connor, Denis F 

Packard, Moses A 

Phillips, Rev. Lewis W 

Powers, Erastus Barton 

Reynolds, Dr. Thomas O 

Robie, George A 

Rogers, Jacob 

Rugg, EUery E 

Sawyer, George W 

Scammon, Col. Richard N 

Shepard, Martha Dana 

Smith, Hon. John B - . . 

Spaulding, Charles Sumner . . . . 

Stanard, Hon. Edwin O 

Staples, John W., M.D 

SutclitTe, Frank S .'.... 

Thompson, Maj. John P 

Thompson, True W 

Wadleigh, Horace W 

Wallace, Hon. Robert M 

Weymouth, Herman C 

Whitcomb, Henry C 

Woods, Andrew S 

Yeaton, William 



Page 

62 
2(37 

95 
207 
158 
150 
340 
157 
150 

63 
410 
223 

03 
223 
158 

62 
340 
127 

03 
340 
267 
125 
410 
330 
124 
267 
419 
124 
126 

62 

04 
126 

62 

63 
101 
158 
207 
41S 
224 
330 
150 
126 

63 
101 
418 

05 

63 
157 

04 
126 
150 

04 



Contents 

POETRY 

Blacksmith's Shop Over the Way. The, by Frederick Myron Colby.. 

Blanche of Castile, by L. Adelaide Sherman 

Burial, The, by L. J. H. Frost . . 

Buttercup Time, by Charles Henry Chesley '." 

Country Road, A, by Fred Myron Colby . . . 

Daffodil, A, by Frances M. Fray , 

Death of Summer, The, by L. J. H. Frost " 

Deserted Manse, The, by Charles Nevers Holmes 

Derelict, The, by L. J. H. Frost 

End of Summer, The, by Coletta Ryan 

Ghosts of Sons;, The, by Benjamin C. Woodbury, Jr 

Her Silent Wraith, by Elizabeth Thompson Ordway 

Immortality, by Alice M. Shepard .' 

Invocation to Sleep, by Mary H. Wheeler 

''Labor Omnia Vinci*," by A. Judson Rich 

Lempster. by Delia H. Honey 

Magic Granite State Sleigh Ride, The, by Elias H. Cheney 

Monadnock, by Rev. A. Judson Rich 

My Idol, by Stewart Everett Rowe 

New Guitar Song. A, by George H. Wood 

Old Brick Schoolhouse, The, Dover, X. H., by Charles Nevers Holmes 

Our Granite Hills, by Lena B. Ellin gwood 

Row, Not Drift, by Eldora Haines Walker 

Rowe, Flattie Almira, by Stewart Everett Rowe 

Scarlet Salvia, The, by Harry B. Metcalf , 

Sleep, by A. H. McCrillis - 

Spring and Summer, by L. Adelaide Sherman 

Thanksgiving, by Moses Gage Shirley 

To My Fireplace, by Delia S. Honey 

Trailing Arbutus, by Amy J. DollofT 

Treasures, by Eva Beede Odell '..-. 

Twilight, by Mary Alice Dwyer 

Windy Night, A, by Mary H. Wheeler 

When, by Stewart Everett Rowe : 

Whiton-Stone, C. E., To, by Benjamin C. Woodbury 



I VOL. XIV1. Not; 1 and 2 JAmJARY-i ESRUARY, H '.'-' New Series, Vol. IX, Nos. 1 knd 2 






I ¥ JL : V . 1 L* -J 



A New Ha ipshire Magazine 

Devoted to History; Biography, Literature and State Progress 



HI .Y 



fc 5 







*£ ■ 



; r«A 



I ? 



•::-v CONTENTS FOR JANUARY-FEBRUARY.' &• 

Lg? New Hampshire's New Judges With frontispiece . . . 1 &PJ 

■ ByH.C.Pe^o- 

. -m . ; 

V^ Meredith . - . .' 31 fow 

*•?••'; ..- . .-- 

* Bv Charles Harden. II!u>tra-ed /g*) 

I 12^ 

>JS New Hampshire Necrologry . . . . . '.'-.. 62 J. "t 

I 



"! Editor's and Publisher's Notes . . ... .64 p<¥ 

H Poem. 

V §j Py Delia S. Honey and Stewa t Everett Rowe tg^" 

•C jp * . -.„--•■• ■ s^slr 



; 







issued by The Granite, ..Monthly Company 

HENRY H xewK^yS. ~;; 



j I TERMS: $i.00 pt.r annum, in f,<3fsnce; Si. 50 if net paid In advance, Single copies, !S ants 

CONCORD, N. H,, 1914 

Entered at the post office at Concord as second-class mail matter. 



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ekr 



HON. ROBERT G. PIKE 
Chief Justice of the Superior Court 



/. 



The Granite Monthly 



"Vol. XLVI, Nos. 1 axd 2 



JANUARY- FEBRUARY, 1914 New Series, Yol. 9. N'os. 1 and 



NEW HAMPSHIRE'S NEW JUDGES 



By Harlan C. Pearson 









No previous Chief Executive in the 
history of New Hampshire had so 
many appointments to the judiciary 
to make as fell to the lot of Gover- 
nor Samuel D. Felker during 1913, 
the first year of his administration. 
Deaths, resignations, promotions, con- 
stitutional requirements and legisla- 
tive acts, all contributed to the total 
of places to be filled by His Excel- 
lency. 

The election of Judge Colt of the 
United States circuit court to the 
United States Senate from the state 
•of Rhode Island left a judicial va- 
cancy which President Wilson filled 
oy the appointment of George Hutch- 
ins Bingham, justice of the supreme 
court of New Hampshire, on May 15, 
1913. 

To Judge Bingham's former place 
upon the supreme bench Governor 
P'elker promoted on November S Wil- 
liam A. Plummer of Laconia, justice 
of the superior court of the state of 
New Hampshire. 

In Judge Plummer 's stead upon 
this latter bench Governor Felker 
named on November 27 Hon. "William 
H. Sawyer of Concord. 

Previously, on October 11. the res- 
ignation, on account of ill health, 
had been received and reluctantly ac- 
cepted of Chief Justice Robert M. 
Wallace of the superior court. On 
the same day Governor Felker pro- 
moted to the head of the superior 
court Associate Justice Robert G. 
Pike of Dover. 



The vacancy on the superior bench 
left by this promotion Governor Fel- 
ker filled on October 30 by the ap- 
pointment as judge of Oliver W. 
Branch, Esq., of Manchester. 

On March 4 had occurred the un- 
timely and universally mourned de- 
cease of Judge John M. Mitchell of 
Concord and in .his place upon the 
superior bench Governor Felker had 
named on May 20 the Honorable 
John Kivel of Dover. 

On December 2, 1913, by constitu- 
tional age limitation, the term of serv- 
ice of Honorable Tyler Westgate of 
Haverhill as judge of probate of 
Grafton County expired ; and in an- 
ticipation of the vacancy thus created 
Captain Harry Bingham of Littleton 
was nominated by Governor Felker on 
November 8 for the place and was 
confirmed on November 26. 

On May 21, 1913, Governor Felker 
approved Chapter 169 of the Laws of 
1913, being %i An Act establishing Po- 
lice Courts for Certain Districts 'in 
the State of New Hampshire and 
Abolishing Existing Police Courts. " 

Under this act the state was divided 
into fifty-two judicial districts. The 
make-up of these districts and the 
justices and special justices who have 
been appointed for them are as fol- 
lows : 

The" district of Nashua, comprising 
the city of Nashua and the towns of 
Hollis, Merrimack, Hudson, Pelham 
and Litchfield; Frank B. Clancy of 
Nashua, justice. 



L 



The Granite Monthly 



The district of Manchester, com- 
prising the city of Manchester and 
the town of Bedford ; John W; Center 
of Manchester, justice ; Clinton S. 
Osgood of Manchester, special justice. 

The district of Milford, comprising 
the towns of Milford, Wilton, Lynde- 
borough, Mont Vernon, Amherst and 
Brookline : George E. Bales of Wilton, 
justice; Charles L. Luce of Milford, 
special justice. 

The district of Greenville, compris- 
ing the towns of Greenville, New Ips- 
wich and Mason; Herbert J. Taft of 
Greenville, justice. 

The district of Peterborough, com- 
prising the towns of Peterborough, 
Hancock, Greenfield, Temple and 
Sharon ; James B. Sweeney of Peter- 
borough, justice. 

The district of Hillsborough, com- 
prising the towns of Hillsborough, 
Bennington, Deering, Antrim, Fran- 
cestown and Windsor; Samuel W. 
Holman of Hillsborough, justice; 
Warren W. Merrill of Antrim, special 
justice. 

The district of Goffstown, compris- 
ing the towns of Goffstown, Weare 
and New Boston; Benjamin P. Davis 
of Goffstown, justice. 

The district of Derry, comprising 
the towns of Derry, Windham, Dan- 
ville, Londonderry, Chester, San down 
and Fremont ; Alden G . Kelley of 
Derry, justice ; Ernest L. Abbott of 
Derry, special justice. 

The district of Exeter, comprising 
the towns of Exeter, Kensington, East 
Kingston, Kingston, Brentwood, New- 
fields and S t r a t h a m ; Edward D. 
Mayer of Exeter, justice; Walter E. 
Burtt. of Brentwood, special justice. 

The district of Salem, comprising 
the towns of Salem, Plaistow, Atkin- 
son, Hampstead and Newton ; Lester 
W r allace Hall of Salem, justice; Ches- 
ter T. Woodbury of Salem, special 
justice. 

The district of Hampton, compris- 
ing the towns of Hampton, North 
Hampton, South Hampton, Hampton 
Falls and Seabrook ; Albert K. Church 



of Hampton, justice; Edward Warren 
of Hampton, special justice. 

The district of Newmarket, com- 
prising the towns of Newmarket and 
Epping; Irving T. George of New- 
market, justice; George A. Gilmore 
of Epping, special justice. 

The district of Candia, comprising 
the towns of Candia, Auburn, Nott- 
ingham, Deerfield, Northwood and 
Raymond ; John T. Bartlett of Ray- 
mond, justice ; Charles W. Phillips of 
Candia, special justice. 

The district of Portsmouth, com- 
prising the city of Portsmouth and 
the towns of Newington, Newcastle, 
Greenland and Kye ; Harry K. Torrey 
of Portsmouth, justice ; Edward H. 
Adams of Portsmouth, special justice. 

The district of Dover, comprising 
the city of Dover and the towns of 
Madbury, Lee and Durham; George 
S. Frost of Dover, justice. 

The district of Rochester, compris- 
ing the city of Rochester and the 
towns of Milton, Strafford and Bar- 
ring! on ; William T. Gunnison of 
Rochester, justice. 

The district of Farmington, com- 
prising ' the towns of Farmington, 
Middleton and New Durham; Arthur 
H. Wiggin of Farmington, justice. 

• The district of Somersworth, com- 
prising the city of Somersworth and 
the town of Rolliiisford ; Benjamin F. 
Hanson of Somersworth, special jus- 
tice. 

The district of Pittsfield, compris- 
ing the towns of Pittsfield, Chichester 
and Epsom; Frank S. Jenkins of 
Pittsfield, justice. 

The district of Pembroke, compris- 
ing the towns of Pembroke, Aliens- 
town and Hooksett ; George W. Fow- 
ler of Pembroke, justice. , 

The district of Franklin comprising 
the city of Franklin and the towns 
of Hill, AYilmot, Danbury, Andover, 
Northfield and Salisbury; Frank E. 
W'oodbury of Franklin, justice. 

The district of Bradford, compris- 
ing the towns of Bradford, Sutton, 
Newbury, Warner, New London and 
Hcnniker; Joseph W. Sanborn of 



New Hampshire's New Judges 



Bradford, justice: Edward Connelly 
of Henniker, special justice. 

tlie district of Concord, comprising 
the city of Concord and the towns 
of Boseawen, Webster, Canterbury, 
Loudon, Bow, Dunbarton and Hop- 
kinton ; Allan Chester Clark of Con- 
cord, justice: Willis G. Buxton of 
Boscawen, special justice. 

The district of Keene, comprising 
the city of Keene and the towns of 
Chesterfield, Dublin, llarrisville, Nel- 
son, Stoddard, Richmond, Westmore- 
land, Gilsum, Marlborough, Surry, 
Roxbury, Sullivan, Mario w and 
Swanzey ; Richard J. Wolfe of Keene, 
justice. 

The district of Winchester, com- 
prising the towns of Winchester and 
Hinsdale; Alexander F. Peirce of 
Winchester, justice. 

The district of Troy, comprising the 
towns of Troy and Fitzwilliam: no 
justice or special justice has qualified. 

The district of Jaffrey, comprising 
the towns of Jaffrey and Rindge; 
George H. Duncan of Jaffrey, justice; 
Charles L. Rich of Jaffrey, special 
justice. 

The district of Walpole, comprising 
the towns of Walpole and Alstead; 
Charles J. O'Neill of Walpole, jus- 
tice: John W. Cahalane of Walpole, 
special justice. 

The district of Newport, compris- 
ing the towns of Newport, Croydon, 
Springfield, Sunapee, Lempster, 
Goshen, Washington and Grantham; 
Lewis S. Record of Newport, justice ; 
Fred T. Pollard of Newport, special 
justice. 

The district of Claremont, compris- 
ing the towns of Claremont. Cornish, 
Piainfield and Unity; Frederick W. 
Johnston of Claremont, special jus- 
tice. 

The district of Charlestown, com- 
prising the towns of Charlestown, 
Ac-worth and Langdon; Frank W. 
Hamlin of Charlestown, justice; Ed- 
ward R. Morrison of Acworth, special 
justice. 

The district of Laconia, comprising 
the city of Laconia and the towns of 



Meredith, New Hampton, Gilford and 
Center Harbor: Walter S. Peaslee of 
Laconia, justice: Bertram Blaisdell of 
Meredith, special justice. 

The district of Tilton, comprising 
the towns of Tilton, Belmont and 
Sanbornton; Charles E. Smith of Til- 
ton, justice; Ford T. Sanborn of Til- 
ton, special justice. 

The district of Alton, comprising 
the towns of Alton, Barnstead and 
Gilmanton ; Charles H. Downing of 
Alton, justice. 

The district of Bristol, comprising 
the towns of Bristol, Alexandria, 
Grot on and Hebron; Charles W. 
Fling of Bristol, justice; Frank N. 
Gilman of Bristol, special justice. 

The district of Haverhill, compris- 
ing the towns of Haverhill, Orford, 
Benton, Warren, Monroe and Pier- 
mont; Dexter D. Dow of Haverhill, 
justice: Russell T. Bartlett of Haver- 
hill, special justice.. 

The district of Hanover, compris- 
ing the town of Hanover; Harry E. 
Burton of Hanover, justice ; William 
R. Gray of Hanover, special justice. 

The district of Lebanon, compris- 
ing the towns of Lebanon and Lyme ; 
Clarence E. Hibbard of Lebanon, jus- 
tice; Roland B. Jacobs of Lebanon, 
special justice. 

The district of Plymouth, compris- 
ing the towns of Plymouth, Ashland, 
Bridgewater, Holderness, Campton, 
Rumney and Wentworth ; George H. 
Bowles of Plymouth, justice ; George 

C. Craig of Rumney, special justice. 
r l he district of Littleton, compris- 
ing the towns of Littleton, Bethlehem 
and Franconia; Harry L. Heald of 
Littleton, justice. 

The district of Lisbon, comprising 
the towns of Lisbon, Lyman, Bath, 
Landaff and Easton; Ben S. Webb of 
Lisbon, justice. 

The district of Canaan, comprising 
the towns of Canaan, Orange, Graf- 
ton, Enfield and Dorchester; Frank 

D. Currier of Canaan, justice; Daniel 
W. Campbell of Enfield, special jus- 
tice. 

The district of Woodstock, compris- 



The Granite Monthly 



ing the towns of Woodstock, Lincoln, 
Thornton, Livermore, Ellsworth and 
Waterville; Sidney F. Downing- of 
Lincoln, justice. 

The district of Wolfeboro, compris- 
ing the towns of Wolfeboro, Tufton- 
boro, Sandwich and Moult onborough ; 
Frank P..ITobbs of Wolfeboro. special 
justice. 

The district of Ossipee, comprising 



Milan and Dunnner; Matthew J. 
Ryan of Berlin, justice; William II. 
Payne of Berlin, special justice. 

The district of Northumberland, 
comprising the towns of Northumber- 
land, Stratford and Stark; John. C. 
Pattee of Stratford, justice; Aked D. 
Ellingwood of Groveton, special jus- 
tice. 

The district of Whitefield, coinpris- 



ft r 



3 






Judge George H. Bingham 



the towns of Ossipee, Wakefield, 
Brookfield, Tamworth, Freedom and 
Effingham; John Gage of Wakefield, 
justice. 

The district of Conway, comprising 
the towns of Conway, Albany, Jack- 
son, Bartlett, Chatham, Eaton, Hart's 
Location and Madison; William Pit- 
man of Bartlett, justice. 

The district of Berlin, comprising 
the city of Berlin and the towns of 



ing the towns of Whitefield, Carroll 
and Dalton; Charles C. King of 
Whitefield, justice ; Dana Brown of 
Carroll, special justice. 

The district of Gorham, comprising 
the towns of Gorham, Randolph and 
Shelburne; Harry G. Noyes of Gor- 
ham, justice. 

The district of Lancaster, compris- 
ing the towns of Lancaster and Jefferr 
son : Fred C. Cleaveland of Lancaster, 



New Hampshire's Xew Judges 



justice; Manassah Perkins of Jeffer- 
son, special justice. 

The district of Colebrook, compris- 
ing the towns of Colebrook, Stewarts- 
town and Columbia and the rest of 
Coos County not otherwise included; 
James Carr of Colebrook, justice. 



Hon. George H. Bingham 

George Hntchins Bingham, occu- 
pant of the highest judicial position 
now held by any native of Xew Hamp- 
shire, inherits the title of judge from 
both his paternal and maternal an- 
cestors. His grandfather, Warner 
Bingham, was a county judge in Ver- 
mont ; his grandfather, Andrew Salter 
Woods, was chief justice of the su- 
preme court of Xew Hampshire; his 
father, George A. Bingham, was a 
judge of the supreme court of Xew 7 
Hampshire; and his uncle. Edward F. 
Bingham, was chief justice of the su- 
preme court of the District of Co- 
lumbia. 

The present Judge Bingham was 
born in Littleton, . N. H., August 19, 
1S64, attended the public schools there 
and prepared for Dartmouth College 
at Holderness School for Boys and St. 
Johnsbury (Vt.) Academy. Gradu- 
ating from Dartmouth in 1887 with 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts, in the 
following year he entered the law 
school of Harvard University and re- 
ceived its degree of Bachelor of Laws 
in 1891. 

Practising his profession at Little- 
ton with his father until the hitter's 
death in 1895, Judge Bingham in 1898 
removed to Manchester and formed a 
partnership with Hon. David A. Tag- 
gart. In 1901 he opened an office by 
himself and in 1902 was appointed by 
Governor Chester B. Jordan an asso- 
ciate justice of the supreme court of 
New Hampshire. 

In this position, as was to be ex- 
pected from his ancestry, his training 
and his equipment, his work was of 
the highest order; and his eminent fit- 
ness for the high office of judge of the 
Lnited States circuit court was recog- 



nized by President Woodrow Wilson 
when an appointment from New Eng- 
land was to be made to that court. 

Judge Bingham has been a director 
of the Merchants 1 National Bank in 
Manchester. He is a vestryman of 
Grace Episcopal church, Manchester. 
A Democrat in politics, by family tra- 
dition and personal belief, he lias 
declined the active party leadership 
which has been offered him in such 
forms as the state convention, nomi- 
nation for governor. 

Judge Bingham married, October 
21. 1891, Cordelia Pearmaiu Hinckley 
and they have three sons and three 
daughters. 



Hon. Robert G. Pike 

When Governor Samuel D. Felker, 
Democrat, nominated Judge Robert 
G. Pike, Republican, to be chief jus- 
tice of the superior court of New 
Hampshire, the act was applauded 
universally, partly because it was a 
notable instance of desirable non-par- 
tisanship in an important appoint- 
ment, but chiefly because it assured 
a worthy continuance of the state's 
high standard in its most important 
judicial places. For the people in 
general, as well as the lawyers, of the 
whole state, knew almost as well as 
did Governor Felker, fellow member 
of the same county bar for many 
years, the splendid qualifications of 
Judge Pike for the chief justiceship. 

Robert Gordon Pike was born in 
Rollinsford, Strafford County, N. H., 
July 28, 1851, the son of Amos W. 
and Elizabeth M. (Chadbourne) Pike. 
Both his father's and his mother's an- 
cestors came to this country from 
England between 1630 and 1640 and 
his great-great-grandfather, the Rev- 
erend James Pike, was the first min- 
ister (1726-1790) in that part of 
Dover, afterwards included in Som- 
ersworth, which since 1819 has been 
the town of Rollinsford. 

Judge Pike attended the town 
schools in boyhood and at the Ber- 
wick (Maine) Academy prepared 



> 1 1 



Th e G ra n ite Monthly 



HON. WILLIAM A. PLUMMER 
Associate Justice, Supreme Court 



I 



New Hampshire's New Judges 



for Dartmouth College,' from whose 
Chandler Scientific Department lie 
graduated in the class of 1S72. In 
1903 he succeeded the late Judge John 
Hopkins of Massachusetts as a Chand- 
ler Visitor to the College and in 190S 
was given the honorary degree of 
Master of Arts by his alma mater. 

Upon leaving college he engaged 
in the profession of civil engineering, 
for which he had fitted himself, and 
was one of the party which laid out 
the Portsmouth and Dover Kailroad in 
1873, spending the next year with 
Shedd & Sawyer, civil engineers, of 
Boston. 

Three years of teaching at South 
Berwick, Me., followed, and in 1878 
he found his life work and began the 
study o£ law with the late Chief Jus- 
tice Charles Doe, at the same time 
serving as superintendent of schools 
at Kollinsford. He was admitted to 
the state bar in 1881 and to the bar of 
the circuit court of the United States 
in 1894. Choosing Dover as the place 
in which to begin the practice of his 
profession in 1881^ he has remained 
ever since its loyal, useful, respected 
and honored citizen. 

He was city solicitor from 18S7 to 
1889 and judge of the county probate 
court from 1893 to 1896. Other posi- 
tions, which he held for longer or 
shorter terms, were those of member 
of the city of Dover water board, 
trustee of the Strafford Savings Bank, 
trustee of Berwick Academy, trustee 
and treasurer of Franklin Academy, 
and member of the school board of the' 
city of Dover. 

Judge Pike was appointed associate 
justice of the supreme court of the 
state April 14, 189G, and upon the re- 
organization of the judicial system in 
1901 became an associate justice of the 
superior court, of which his most re- 
cent appointment makes him chief 
justice. 



Hon. William A. Plummer 

Judge William x\lberto PRimmer, 
whose promotion from the superior to 



the supreme bench was approved 
unanimously by the people as well as 
by the bar of the state, was born in 
Gilmanton, N. H., December 2, 18G5, 
the son of the late Charles E. and 
Mary H. (Moody) Plummer. His an- 
cestors on both his father's and his 
mother's side came from England to 
Essex County, Mass., early in the 
seventeenth century, and from that 
day to this have been substantial citi- 
zens and landholders of the Bay State 
and the Granite State. 

Judge Plummer 's education was 
gained in the public schools; at Gil- 
manton Academy; at Dartmouth Col- 
lege where, by reason of ill health he 
was unable to complete the course; 
arid at the law school of Boston Uni- 
versity, from which he received the 
degree of Bachelor of Laws in 1889. 
He had studied law, also, with J. C. 
Story at Plymouth, George "W. Mur- 
ray at Canaan and C. T. and T. PI, 
Russell of Boston; and was admitted 
to the New Hampshire bar Julv 26, 
1889. 

On September 2, 1889, Judge Plum- 
mer formed a partnership for the 
practice of law at Laconia with Colo- 
nel Stephen S. Jewett which con- 
tinued for eighteen years and made 
the firm of Jewett & Plummer known 
throughout the state and beyond its 
borders as one of the most deservedly 
successful in New Hampshire. 

As an advocate and as a counsellor 
Judge Plummer displayed throughout 
the years of his practice qualities 
which made him eminently fit for a 
judicial position and when on October 
3, 1907, he was appointed by Governor 
Charles M. Floyd to the superior 
bench the choice met with universal 
commendation. 

Of his record as justice of that court 
it is sufficient to say that it has ful- 
filled every hope of his warmest 
friends and stands as the best possible 
reason for the promotion to the su- 
preme court, which he recently re- 
ceived from Governor Felker with the 
approbation of the executive council 
as well as of the press and the public. 



Th e Gra n ite Monthly 






•7-,i'™.i _•.■-.-.--■;.,-.-...■" r V."-. ■; ■■>;;■ ■•■ -y, .-*"• ; -- . T._ .^« , 



HON. OLIVER \V. BRANCH 
Associate Justice, Superior Court 



■ 



S 



^ 






: **-' 



-i- p* 



Xew Hampshire's New Judges 



To a wide, deep and thorough knowl- 
edge of the law Judge Plummer adds 
a generous endowment of the true ju- 
dicial temperament, a happy combina- 
tion which could not but assure 
success to its possessor. 

Judge Plummer 's interests outside. 
of the law have been many and varied. 
In politics a staunch, but conservative, 
Democrat, he was the candidate of his 
party for mayor of Laconia in 1895, 
losing by a very narrow margin Land 
was a delegate from New Hampshire 
to the national Democratic convention 
of 1896 in Chicago. He was elected 
to the legislature in 1893 and again in 
1897, serving with distinction upon 
the most important committee, that of 
the judiciary, and at the latter session 
being the Democratic candidate for 
speaker, and as such the party floor 
leader. 

Judge Plummer is one of the most 
prominent members of the Masonic 
order in the state, having been the 
grand master of the^ grand lodge in 
190G and 1907 and is a thirty-third 
degree Mason. He was made a Mason 
in Mount Lebanon Lodge, Laconia, 
December 8, 1891, and became master 
in 1895. Later he was high priest of 
Union Chapter, R. A. M., commander 
of Pilgrim commanderv, Knights 
Templar, T. I. M. of Pythagorean 
Council and grand patron of the 
Eastern Star, lie is also a Knight of 
Pythias and an Elk. 

For many years Judge Plummer 
has been a valued member of the La- 
conia board of trade. He was for 
nineteen years a member and for six- 
teen years president of the city board 
of education and is a director of the 
Laconia National P>ank. vice-president 
of the City Savings Bank and a di- 
rector of the Laconia Building and 
Loan Association. He made a repu- 
tation as a banker through his man- 
agement as assignee of the suspended 
Belknap Savings Bank, to whose de- 
positors, as the result of five years of 
hard and skilful work, he paid aggre- 
gate dividends of 97 per cent. 

Judge Plummer is a Congregation- 



alist in religious preference. He mar- 
ried January 1, 1890, .Miss Ellen F. 
Murray, daughter of George AY. Mur- 
ray. Esq.. of Canaan, and they have 
one son, Wayne Murray Plummer. 



Hon. Oliver W. Branch 

AYhen Oliver AYinslow Branch of 
Manchester, thirty-four years of age, 
was named by Governor Samuel D. 
Felker as judge of the superior court 
of Xew Hampshire the appointment 
was applauded by the entire bar of 
the state, and by many laymen as well, 
because they knew that a good man 
had been placed in a responsible posi- 
tion for which he was eminently quali- 
fied. But an even larger number of 
people said as to the new judge : 
''Oliver E. Branch's son, isn't he"? 
Oh, well, then, he'll make good." 
And Judge Branch has "made good," 
as his own friends and his father's 
confidently expected that he would. 
In the few months since his appoint- 
ment he has ''held court" in several 
counties of the state and by the gen- 
eral testimony of lawyers, litigants 
and others in attendance has been 
proved a presiding justice w r hose ap- 
plication of the law is as apt and 
prompt as his knowledge of it is sure 
and sound. 

Judge Branch is the eldest son of 
Oliver E. Branch and Sarah Chase 
(of Weare). He was born in New 
York City, October 4, 1879. He is a 
lineal descendant of John Branch who 
came from England in 1683 and set- 
tled at Scituate, Mass., also of Charles 
Chauncey, the second president of 
Harvard College. His lineage upon 
both sides includes some of the most 
distinguished and substantial families 
of the early colonial and Revolu- 
tionary periods. His ancestors on his 
mother's side — the Dows and Chases 
of Weare — were members of the So- 
ciety of Friends. 

His boyhood was spent in the vil- 
lage of North "Weare, until at the age 
of twelve years he entered the Man- 
chester High School, from which he 



10 



The Granite Monthly 




HON. WILLIAM H. SAWYER 
Associate Justice, Superior Court 



New Hampshire's New Judge-: 



11 



graduated in 1896. His father moved 
with his family from North \Yeare to 
Manchester in 1894. He graduated 
from Phillips Academy, Andover, in 
1897, and Harvard College in the class 
of 1901, at which time he received the 
degree of A. B. cum laude. He also 
received the degree of A. M. in 1902 
and graduated from the law school of 
Harvard University in 1901. At that 
time he passed the New Hampshire 
bar examinations and was admitted to 
practice. He entered his father's of- 
fice in Manchester in the September 
following and has been in the active 
practice of his profession ever since. 

He was fortunate in being at once 
put to work on important litigated 
cases, but particularly in matters com- 
ing before the supreme court of the 
state. During the nine years in which 
he was associated with his father in 
business, he had an experience greater 
and more varied than usually comes to 
attorneys after a much longer prac- 
tice. His practice took him not only 
into the courts of the state, but into 
the United States courts of Massachu- 
setts and New Hampshire as well. His 
work in the supreme court of the state 
early attracted the attention of the 
members of that bench and frequently 
was warmly commended by them. 

The petitions for h'is appointment 
as judge were signed by nearly every 
practising attorney of the state and by 
many of its leading citizens. He pos- 
sesses in a marked degree the qualities 
that are most becoming in a judge, — 
courtesy, industry, thoroughness, pa- 
tience and an intuitive perception of 
the right. At the time of his appoint- 
ment as judge he had been for three 
years one of the members of the com- 
mittee appointed by the supreme 
court to examine candidates for ad- 
mission to the bar. He is a member 
of the Franklin Street Church, also 
the Young Men's Association of Man- 
chester, of which he is president. He 
was married November 23. 1910, to 
Miss^ Isabel Dow Hogle of Rochester, 
N. Y. They have one daughter and a 
delightful home on Prospect Street. 



He is a member of the Cygnet Boat 
Club and Intervale Country Club. 
The news of his appointment was re- 
ceived with especially marked pleas- 
ure by the bar of Hillsborough 
County, and he has not yet ceased re- 
ceiving congratulations from many 
friends throughout the state and with- 
out its limits. 



Hon. William H. Sawyer 

At this writing, Honorable "William 
Henry Sawyer of Concord, justice of 
the superior court of the state of New 
Hampshire, and Governor Samuel D. 
Felker's most recent appointee to the 
judiciary of the commonwealth, is pre- 
siding over his first term of court, at 
Berlin, and the unanimous report 
from Coos County is to the effect that 
he is upholding worthily the very high 
staiidard of the bench. 

Judge Sawyer was born in Little- 
ton, Grafton County, N. H., August 
IS, 1867, the son of Eli D. and Sarah 
(Pierce) Sawyer. He was educated 
at the Littleton High School, and, 
choosing the law as his profession, be- 
gan its study with the late Honorable 
Harry Bingham, from whose office so 
many of New Hampshire's best law- 
yers have gone forth. His, prepara- 
tion for practice was completed at the 
law school of Boston University, 
where he did in two years the work 
of the regular three years' course and 
received the degree of Bachelor of 
Laws in June, 1S90. 

In the following month he passed 
with credit the state bar examinations 
and was admitted to practice in the 
courts of the state at Concord July 
25, 1890. 

Judge Sawyer at first associated 
himself with the law firm of Bingham 
& Mitchell, having offices in Concord 
and Littleton, and so continued until 
January, 1801, when he established 
himself in independent practice. In 
1897 he took as a partner Joseph S. 
Matthews, Esq., and the firm con- 
tinued some six years or until Mr. 
Matthews took charge of the legacy 



12 



The Granite Monthly 



. 



HON. JOHN KIVEL 
Associate Justice, Superior Court 



,„m/J 



New Hampshire's New Judges 



13 



tax department of the state treasury. 
Soon after. General John H. Albin 
and Judge Sawyer associated them- 
selves in practice and maintained the 
connection until the former retired a 
few yeai*s since from the active duties 
of his profession. 

As a lawyer, Judge Sawyer's record 
was one of successful and honorable 
activity in all branches of the profes- 
sion, and of unusual research and 
knowledge in certain particular lines. 

A Democrat in politics, he was the 
candidate of that party in its minor- 
ity days for various offices, including 
those of member of the legislature and 
solicitor of Merrimack County. In 
the fall of 1912 he received the direct 
primary nomination for member of 
the executive council from the fourth 
district, without opposition, and was 
endorsed by the Progressive party 
which placed no candidate in the field 
against him. 

He was elected in November in 
what previously had been a very 
strong Republican district, receiving 
9,116 votes to 7,776 for Frank P. 
Qtiimby of Concord, Republican. 

Councilor Sawyer was appointed by 
Governor Felker upon the council 
committees on finance and state 
prison, but by reason of his legal 
training and his wide acquaintance 
aud information his official activities 
took a broader range, especially in 
connection with the large amount of 
new legislation which the General 
Court of 1913 sent up to the Governor 
for his approval or disapproval. 
^ Judge Sawyer has been a member of 
the board of education of Union school 
district in the city of Concord for the 
past four years. He is a member of 
the South Congregational Church in 
Concord and of Capital Grange, Pa- 
trons of Husbandry. In his younger 
days he served an enlistment in the 
New Hampshire National Guard. 

On November 18, 1891, Mr. Sawyer 
married Miss Carrie B. Lane * of 
Whitefield, and they have three sons 
and two daughters, the oldest son now 
being a junior in Dartmouth College, 



and the eldest daughter is a freshman 
at Mt. Holvoke. 



Hex. John Kivel 

Governor Felker "s first judicial ap- 
pointment was that of Honorable 
John Kivel of Dover to the bench of 
the superior court in succession to the 
late Judge John M. Mitchell of Con- 
cord : and the universal approval with 
which the announcement of the choice 
was received must have given his Ex- 
cellency assurance, if he needed any, 
that his selection was popular as well 
as wise. 

Judge Kivel was born April 29, 
1855, the son of Patrick and Cath- 
erine Kivel, in the city of Dover, 
which has been his life-long home. 
He attended its schools, graduating 
from the Dover High School in 1871, 
and after working in a drug store 
for a year entered Dartmouth College, 
in the second term of the freshman 
year, with the class of 187G. He com- 
pleted his course with high honors, 
having a Commencement Day ap- 
pointment at graduation and being 
elected a member of the Phi Beta 
Kappa Society, admission to which is 
based upon scholastic distinction. 

He at once chose the law as his pro- 
fession and after a due period of prep- 
aration in the office of the late Frank 
Hobbs he was admitted to practice in 
the courts of the state in August, 
1879, subsequently qualifying for ap- 
pearance in the Federal courts. His 
success was immediate and continu- 
ous, and some ten years ago he light- 
ened his business burdens by forming 
a partnership with his then young law 
student, and present county solicitor, 
George T. Hughes, Esq. 

Mr. Kivel himself had served three 
terms as county solicitor, from 1887 to 
1893, and during that period gained 
distinction by the manner in which he 
handled some famous criminal cases, 
including the Sawtelle murder. For 
ten years, 1903-13, he was police com- 
missioner of the city of Dover. 



14 



The Granite Mo nihil/ 



When the legislature of 1903 passed 
a law giving local option for the li- 
censed sale of liquor and providing 
for a commission of three members to 
administer the law, the minority 
party, then the Democratic, was given 
representation on the hoard and Mr. 
Kivel was the man chosen for the 
place. 

It was a fact apparent to everyone 
who gave the matter thought that the 
fate of this law, new to New Hamp- 
shire, lay with the men who were to 
administer it. Their powers under the 
statute were so large that if they did 
their whole duty firmly, honestly, in- 
telligently, the cause of law, order and 
morals in the state must he benefited. 
If they did not so rise to the occasion, 
if they failed to seize the opportunity 
afforded them for really regulating 
the liquor traffic in New Hampshire, 
then the law was doomed to an early 
repeal. 

"When Governor Nahum J. Bach- 
elder made his choice as license com- 
missioners of Cyrus H. Little of 
Manchester, Harry W. Keyes of Hav- 
erhill and John Kivel of Dover, there 
was a very general feeling that he had 
done well. And as the months and 
years passed, and the people saw the 
law administered without fear or 
favor, and in accordance with its hon- 
est intent, the men who were so ad- 
ministering it gained the hearty 
approval of all save the few who for 
their own purposes wished the law ill 
or sought to break or evade it. Suc- 
cessive governors re-a-ppointed the en- 
tire board as the terms of its members 
expired, and it was from a decade's 
splendid work in its interests that Mr. 
Kivel resigned, at Governor Felker's 
desire, to become Judge Kivel. 

Judge Kivel has an industrious, 
well-stored, right-moving mind of his 
own, and an unusually keen insight 
into the mental processes of others. 
Add to these valuable possessions a 
broad knowledge of the law and its 
practice, and it was easy for his 
friends to predict the entire success 



upon the bench which already has 
come to him. 

Judge Kivel is a member of St. 
Mary's Roman Catholic Church, 
Dover. He married, October 12, 1879, 
Eva G. Ennis. Of their four children, 
Frank and Maurice are residents of 
Denver, Colo., and Alice Gaftney 
Kivel and Laurence Kivel are with 
their parents at Dover. 



Judge Harry Bingham 

The only appointment of a judge of 
probate which Governor Samuel D. 
Felker has been called upon to make 
thus far in his administration, and the 
only one, it is very possible, which 
may be numbered among the acts of 
his term of office, was the choice of a 
successor to Judge Tyler AYestgate of 
Grafton County, whose excellent offi- 
cial record was terminated by the age 
limitation prescribed in the consti- 
tution. 

If this does prove to be the Gov- 
ernor's only act on this line he will 
have to be marked ''perfect" in this 
department in the rating which his- 
tory will make of his administration; 
for universal approval has greeted his 
action in adding another Judge Bing- 
ham to the famous line of that name. 

Captain Harry Bingham, the new 
judge of probate of Grafton County, 
is the son of the late Chief Justice Ed- 
ward F. BJ7igham of the supreme 
court of the District of Columbia: 
nephew of the late George A. Bing- 
ham, justice of the supreme court of! 
the state of New Hampshire ; and first 
cousin of Judge George IT. Bingham 
of the United States circuit court. 

Judge Harry Bingham, nephew and 
namesake of one of the greatest law- 
yers and political leaders in New 
Hampshire history, was born in Co- 
lumbus, Ohio, in 1864, and after the 
usual preparatory school education 
attended Ohio State LTniversity. 
Later he read law in the office of 
Bingham, Mitchell & Batchellor at 



New Hampshire's Xew Judges 



15 



Littleton and was admitted to the bar 
in New Hampshire July 10, 1S87. 

For some years Judge Bingham was 
assistant district attorney for the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, residing in Wash- 
ington, I). C. During the War with 
Spain he was captain of the Seventh 
United States Volunteer Infantry and 
until his appointment to the judge- 
ship was generally known by his mili- 
tary title. 

Captain Bingham's return to New 



Francestown Academy, graduated 
from Phillips Exeter Academy, and 
after a partial college course at Har- 
vard graduated from the Boston Uni- 
versity Law School. He has practised 
law at Wilton since 18SS and was 
judge of the Wilton police court until 
its incorporation in the new district 
court. Judge Bales was a member of 
the New Hampshire forest ly commis- 
sion for five years and of the state 
railroad commission for seven years. 







£-' ■-; _ —„-_..- '- -'-^ 



Judge Harry Bingham 



Hampshire followed the death of his 
hrother-in-law. Honorable William H. 
Mitchell of Littleton, to whose legal 
practice he succeeded. 



Judge George E. Bales 

Hon. George Edward Bales of Wil- 
ton, judge of the district court for the 
Milford district, was born in Wilton 
September 14, 1862. He attended 



He represented Wilton in the legisla- 
ture in 1895 and 1897 ; has been mod- 
erator of Wilton over twenty years; 
was town treasurer six years, tax col- 
lector six years and member of the 
school board ten years. He is presi- 
dent of the Wilton Board of Trade 
and of the Wilton Telephone Com- 
pany; trustee of the Wilton public 
library; trustee of the Granite Sav- 
ings Bank and director of the Sou- 
hegan National Bank, both of Milford. 
Judge Bales is a Democrat; a Uni- 



1G 



The Granite Monthly 



t aria n ; 
and me 
of the 



a Mason, Shriner, Odd Fellow 
mber of the Eastern Star, and 
Derryileld Club. Manchester. 



large and well-stocked farm, lias car- 
ried out extensive lumbering projects, 
deals largely in coal and wood, and 
manages the principal fire insurance 
agency- of his section. Judge Taft is 
a Republican in politics and at the 
recent enthusiastic reorganization of 
the Hillsborough County Republican 
Club was made its president. He 
served in the legislatures of 1891 and 
1901 as a member of the lower house 
and in that of 1905 as a senator, 
always with credit to himself and sat- 
isfaction to his constituents. He was 
for many years a member of the 
school board and judge in the police 
court which preceded the district 
court. He is a Mason, lodge, chap- 
ter, council, commandery and Shrine, 
an Odd Fellow, Patron of Husbandry 
and member of the A. 0. II. W. He 
attends the Congregational church. 
Judge Taft married October 21, 1SS5, 






Judge George E. Bales 



He married, October 16, 1889, Abbie 
M. French. They have one daughter, 
Millv Frances. 



Jupge Hekbert J. Taft 



Herbert J. Taft, judge of the 
Greenville district court, was born in 
Greenville, then Mason, September 1, 
1860. He attended the public schools 
and New Ipswich Academy and stud- 
ied law in the office of "Wadleigh & 
Wallace in Milford, being admitted to 
the bar in 1881. He was associated 
with Judge R. M. Wallace in Milford 
for a few years, but since 1884 has es- 
tablished his office in Greenville, where 
also he has engaged very successfully 
in varied undertakings. He is vice- 
president of the Mason Village Sav- 
ings Bank, president of the Greenville 
Chair Company and the Greenville 
Electric Light Company, carries on a 



Jud£e Herbert J. Taft 

Ida F. Chamberlain, and their 
James Chamberlain Taft, was 
February 15, 1891. 



son, 
born 



New Ihuapsliire's New Judges 



Judge Warren \V. Merrill 

Warren W. Merrill of Fairview 
Farm, Antrim, special justice of the 
Hillsborough district court, was born 
in Deering, October 29, 1865, and re- 
sided there, with the exception of 



Judge Edward D. Mayer 

Judge Edward D. Mayer, who pre- 
sides over the district court for the 
district of Exeter, was born in Kings- 
ton, N. Y., in 1S78, and was educated 
in the public schools of that city, in- 
cluding the High School, and also at 
the Mulenbergh School in Allen town. 
Pa. Fitting at the New York Law 
School for the practice of the legal 
profession, he became a member of 
the bar of that state and for five years 
was associated as a lawyer with Judge 
G. D. C. Hasbrouck, justice of the 
supreme court of New York. Remov- 
ing to Exeter, he has established him- 
self successfully in the practice of law 
with offices in the Exeter and Hamp- 
ton Electric Light Company Building 
on Water Street.. As a lawyer in 
Exeter Judge Mayer joins one of the 



Judge Warren W. Merrill 



three years in Nashua, until 1900, 
when he bought in Antrim one of the 
best farms in that section of the state. 
Mr. Merrill was educated in the Deer- 
ing district schools and at Frances- 
town Academy, from which lie gradu- 
ated in 1886. "While a resident of 
Deering he was for seven years town 
clerk and six years member of the 
school board, and, since coming to 
Antrim, he has been five years select- 
man. He is a member of the Antrim 
Congregational Church; of Waverlv 
Lodge, No. 59, I. 0. 0. F., of Antrim, 
Antrim Grange, No. 98, P. of IL-and 
the Antrim Board of Trade; having 
always taken an active interest in the 
welfare of his community and the bet- 
terment of its citizens. He married, 
March 15, 1887, Eliza V. Osgood of 
Nashua and their children are Elmer 
W. Merrill, Leonard A. Merrill, Emma 
M. Merrill and- Bertha F. Merrill. 



k A 



Judge Edward D. Mayer 

most distinguished companies, past 
and present, in the legal history of 
the state or of New England; while 
as the head of the Exeter court he 
succeeds a man of national fame, 
Judge Henry A. Shute. That Jie 
measures up well to the standard of 



IS 



The Granite Monthly 



Exeter lawyers and Exeter judges is 
high, but deserved, praise, for him. 

Judge Walter E. Burtt 
Walter E. Burtt. special justice of 
the Exeter district court, was "born in 
Reading. Mass., July 17, I860. A few 
weeks after his birth his parents re- 
moved to Portsmouth, N. H., and 
there he was educated. Engaging in 
the watch and jewelry business he at 



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Judge Walter E. Burtt 

the same time bought law books and 
devoted his leisure time to legal 
studies, registering as a law student in 
1909. He was appointed a notary 
and justice of the peace by Governor 
John McLane in 1906. He is a Mason, 
having held the office of chaplain of 
his lodge, and a Knight of Pythias, 
for several years keeper of records 
and seals. He is a member of Phil- 
lips Congregational Church, Exeter. 
Judge Burtt married, in 1880, Alice 
A. Johnson of Maiden, Mass. Their 
children are Everett J. Burtt, assist- 
ant superintendent of the Au Sable 
(Mich.) Electric Company; Alice W., 
w r ife of Chester P. Robie of Somer- 
ville, Mass. ; Harriet I., wife of James 



W. Rollins of Stratham; Irving W., 
of Brentwood: Marion E., wife of 
George R. Bragdon of Kingston ; Wil- 
liam A., of Brentwood; and Thomas 
P., residing at home. "I believe in 
truth and justice" is Judge Burtt 's 
motto. 



Judge Harry K. Torrey 

Judge Harry Kimball Torrey of 
the district court of Portsmouth was 
born in Newburyport, Mass., August 
16, 1880, son of Hon. John Torrey, a 
widely known New Hampshire busi- . 
ness man. His great-great-grand- 
father sailed from Portsmouth in the 
Revolution, served under John Paul 
Jones and was wounded. Judge Tor- 
re}' was educated at Phillips Exeter 
Academy and at Harvard, spending 
a year after leaving college in the 
West Indies. In 1903 he registered as 
a law student at Portsmouth and in 
due course was admitted to the state 
bar and has since practised his pro- 
fession successfully in the City by the 
Sea. For some years his legal resi- 
dence was in the town of Newfields 
where he served as auditor and super- 
visor and in 1909 as a member of the 
legislature, receiving an appointment 
there on the important judiciary com- 
mittee. During that eventful session 
of the general court Mr. Torrey allied 
himself with the "insurgents" and 
his legislative record w r as such as to 
lead Governor Robert P. Bass to 
choose him as his private secretary. 
He was prominently connected, also, 
with the Roosevelt movement in New 
Hampshire in 1912. Judge Torrey is 
a Protestant in religious belief. He is 
a member of various Masonic bodies; 
of the Warwick and Country Clubs at 
Portsmouth; of the New Hampshire 
State and American Bar Associations ; 
and of the American Institute of 
Criminal Law and Criminology. He 
married, October 9, 1912, Miss Edith 
E. Badger, daughter of Hon. Daniel 
W. Badger, member of Governor 
Felker's executive council and former 
mayor of Portsmouth. The Ports- 



-\Y.r Hampshire's New Judges 



19 



Judge Harry K. Torrey 



month district court handles some 
seven, hundred cases a year, including 

juveniles and the civil docket, and 
collects annually over $3,000 in tines, 
etc., being self-supporting. 



...... 



Judge Joseph W. Sanborn 

Judge Joseph W. Sanborn of the 
Bradford district court was bom in 
Liberty, Me., May 12, 1865. the son of 
Rev. John L. Sanborn, I). D., a lead- 
ing Baptist clergyman of his day. He 
was educated in the common and high 
schools of Waterboro and Alfred. Me. 
A photographer by profession. Judge 
Sanborn came to Bradford Center to 
reside and married, October 1, 1894, 
Laura E. Hoyt, a descendant of the 
noted General Stephen Hoyt. in whose 
family possession remains the home- 
stead built by General Hoyt. the old- 
est house in town. Judge Sanborn is 
serving his third term as selectman 
and his fifth term as member of the 
school board. A Democrat in political 
belief and active in the support of his 



. 



W 



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Judge Joseph W. Sanborn 

party, he presided at the town 
following the election results 
vember, 1912. which was one 



jubilee 
of No- 
of the 



20 



Th e Gra n itc M o ntkly 



most notable of the several similar 
celebrations held in different towns of 
the state. 



Judge George S. Frost 
Judge George S. Frost of the Dover 
district court was born June 4, 1844. 
He was educated at the town schools, 
at Durham Academy and at Phillips 
Exeter Academy, where he entered 
the junior clar-s in its last term and 
graduated in 1S61. He remained at 



pointed associate justice of the Boston 
court for the district of West Rox- 
bury, but declined the appointment. 
He was a member of the Boston school 
committee from Ward 17 in 1874 and 
1875, declining a reelection. Judge 
Frost was appointed assistant district 
attorney of the United States for the 
district of Massachusetts November 
26, 1875, and held that office until 
November, 1877, when he resigned on 
account of ill health, came to Dover 



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Judge George S. Frost 



Exeter for a year of advanced work 
and then entered the sophomore class 
at Harvard College, graduating in 
1865 with the degree of A. B., fol- 
lowed later by that of A. M. He 
studied law with Hon. Jeremiah 
Smith at Dover, 1866-67, and at the 
law school of Harvard University in 
1867-68. He was admitted to the bar 
of Suffolk County, Mass., July 7, 
1868, and began practice at Boston. 
July 30, 1872. he was appointed trial 
justice for West Roxbury and served 
until the annexation of West Roxbury 
to Boston in 1874, when he was ap- 



and was admitted to the New Hamp- 
shire bar. He was a member of the 
New Hampshire legislature of 1881 
and of the constitutional convention 
of 1889. From November 8, 1888, to 
January, 1897, he served as a member 
of the Dover school committee, the last 
two years as its chairman, declining 
further election. Appointed judge of 
the police court of Dover June 21, 
1882, he held that office until the dis- 
trict court was established July 1, 
1913, when lie was appointed judge of 
the new court. Judge Frost was 
senior warden of St. Thomas Epis- 



Newt Hampshire's New Judges 



21 



copal Church for twenty-seven years, 
declining to serve longer. lie has 
been a director of the Stratford Na- 
tional Bank for twenty-seven years 
and was one of the incorporators of 
the Wentworth Home for the Aged 
and continuously a trustee. He is a 
thirty-second degree Mason, belong- 
ing to Moses Paul Lodge, and a char- 
ter member of the Bellamy Club. 



ington and his official record includes 
a service of twelve years upon the 
board of education of special school 
district Number Nine in that town, 
eight years as chairman. Judge "Wig- 
gin is senior warden of Fraternal 
Lodge, A. F. and A. M., past chan- 
cellor of Harmony Lodge, Knights 
Pythias, and a member of "Wood- 
bine Lpdge, Order of Odd Fellows, 



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1 



Judge Arthur H. Wiggin 



Judge Arthur H. Wiggin 
Judge Arthur H. Wiggin of the 
district court for the district of Farm- 
ington was bom in Ossipee, Carroll 
County, N. IL, November 30, 1865. 
He was educated at the AVolfeboro 
Academy and at the New Hampton 
Literary Institution and upon the 
completion of legal studies was ad- 
mitted to the New Hampshire bar in 
1889, having now to his credit nearly 
a quarter of a century of successful 
and honorable practice. In addition 
he has taken a keen interest in all the 
activities of life in his town of Farm- 



all of Farmington. Judge Wiggin 
attends the Free W ill Baptist Church. 
On December 23, 1893, he married 
Harriette Bradeen of Waterboro, Me. 
Their daughter, Esther Beatrice, born 
December 14, 1895, died December 24, 
1901. 



Judge A. Chester Clark 

Judge A. Chester Clark of the Con- 
cord district court was born at Center 
Harbor July 4. 1877, the son of Mat- 
thew C. and Sarah L. (Bartlett) 
Clark, being 1 a member of the same 



22 



Th c Gra n ite Month ly 



New Hampshire family as Chief Jus- 
tice Lewis. W. Clark of the state su- 
preme court and Judge Daniel Clark 
of the United States District Court. 
He was educated at the. Meredith 
High School (1894), New Hampton 
Literary Institution and Commercial 
College (1901) and at Dartmouth Col- 
lege, where he was a member of the 
class of 1906. At New Hampton he 
was business manager of the school 
paper for four years and grimier of 



journalist, of vigorous pen. While 
a legal resident of Center Harbor, 
Judge Clark represented his town 
in the constitutional convention of 
1902, and, though a Democrat in poli- 
tics, was chosen clerk of the conven- 
tion of 1912 by 113 majority. He is a 
member of the American Institute of 
Criminal Law and Criminology; the 
New Hampshire Historical Society; 
the New Hampshire Press Associa- 
tion: the Wonolaiieet Club of Con- 



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Judge A. Chester Clark 



first honor in the Bates prize debate 
in 1900. Judge Clark studied law 
with Bertram Blaisdell at Meredith 
and with General John H. Albin and 
Joseph A. Donigan, Esq., at Concord, 
being admitted to the bar in June, 
1913, and at once opening an office for 
the general practice of his profession 
in Concord. "While getting his edu- 
cation and pursuing his legal studies 
Judge Clark made newspaper work 
his means of livelihood and gained a 
wide reputation as a well-informed 



cord; Chocorua Lodge, No. 83, A. F. 
and A. M., Meredith; Concord Lodge, 
No. 8, K. of P., Concord (past chan- 
cellor) ; Grand Lodge, K. of P. (past 
deputy grand chancellor) ; Augusta 
Young Temple, Pythian Sisterhood; 
Capital Grange, Merrimack Pomona, 
the New Hampshire State Grange; 
and various other organizations. In 
the few months during which he has 
held the office of judge of the Concord 
district court he has shown himself 
the possessor of advanced and admir- 



New Hampshire's New Judges 



23 



able ideas in penology which he has 
had the courage to put in execution. 

Judge Charles J. O'Neill 

No one of the new judges is better 
and more favorably known through- 
out the state than Charles J. O'Neill 
of North Walpole, judge of the Wal- 
pole district court. Six terms he has 



ber of the Elks, A. 0. H., Patrons of 
Husbandry and Bellows Falls (Vt.) 
Boat Club. He is the owner of the 
Cheshire Republican, a semi-weekly 
newspaper published at Keene, and 
has other business interests. Judge 
O'Neill is a Democrat in politics and 
accounted one of the most skilful of 
that party's leaders in New Hamp- 
shire. 




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Judge Charlus J. O'Neill 



served in the house of representatives 
of the state legislature, establishing a 
reputation there as one of its clearest 
thinkers, most effective speakers and 
most influential members. Eighteen 
years he has served on the North Wal- 
pole school board. Born in Keene 
April 4, 1861, and educated there, he 
married, September 30, 1882, Mary 
MeNamara and their children are 
Dorothy and Gerald C. O'Neill. 
Judge O'Neill is a Catholic; a mem- 



Judge Lewis S. Record 

Judge Lewis Stillman Record of the 
Newport district court was born at 
Worcester, Mass., August 6, 1877, and 
graduated from the English High 
School there, from Brown University, 
in the class of 1902, and from the Uni- 
versity of Maine School of Law in 
1905. While prosecuting his legal 
studies he served as principal of the 
York Village (Me.) Grammar School 



24 



The Granite Monthly 



for one year and of the Three Rivers 
School in Palmer, Mass., for two 
years. He married, May 8, 1902, 
Ethel T. Robinson of Providence, R. 
I., and they have five children, Agnes 



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Judge Lewis S. Record 

E., Dorothy L., Stephen W., Hattie 
F. and Marjorie E. He is a member 
of the bar of both Massachusetts and 
New Hampshire and, before locating 
at Newport, practised in this state at 
Ashland where he was a member of 
the board of education and justice of 
the police court. At Newport he is a 
member and clerk of the school board. 
Judge Record is a Baptist in religious 
belief; and a member of the A. P. and 
A. M., Eastern Star, I. 0. 0. F., Re- 
bekahs, L. 0. 0. M. and Newport 
board of trade. He was president of 
the Newport "Wilson & Marshall Club 
and attended the national conven- 
tion at Baltimore at which those can- 
didates were named. In 1908 and 
again in 1912 he was a delegate to the 
Democratic state convention. 



Judge Frank W. Hamlin 

Frank W. Hamlin, judge of the dis- 
trict court at Charlestown and pro- 
prietor there of the largest depart- 
ment store in Sullivan County, was 
born in the same town June 14, 1863, 
and educated in its public schools. He 
was a member of the house of repre- 
sentatives in the state legislature of 
1903, and in 1908 was elected to the 
state senate of 1909 from District No. 
7, receiving 2,373 votes to 1,669 for 
Bela Graves of Unity. In that body 
lie served as chairman of the com- 
mittee on banks, a position for which 
the presidency of the Connecticut 
River National Bank since 1900 had 
fitted him, and on the committees on 
revision of the laws, incorporations, 
claims and school for feeble-minded. 
Judge Hamlin is an Episcopalian and 
a member of Charlestown Lodge, No. 
88, I. O. 0. F. He is town treasurer, 
a trustee of the Silsby free public 



.'■■■-.;■' ■ 



- ••. 



Judge Frank W. Hamlin 

library and generally recognized as 
one of the town's most able, active 
and public-spirited citizens. Decem- 
ber 20, 1887, he married Ada E. 
Perry. 



Xeiv Hampshire's New Judges 



25 



Judge Edgar K. Morrison 

Edgar K. Morrison of Acworth, 
special justice of the Charlestown dis- 
trict court, was born in Peterborough 
May 6, 1848, and educated there, in 
the public schools, at the old Peter- 
borough Academy and at the Bridge- 
water (Mass.) Normal School. He is 
president of the town board ^f health, 
trustee of the Silsby Free Public Li- 
brary, president of the Acworth board 
of trade, which he organized in. 1910, 
secretary of the local fair association 
and notary public and justice of the 
peace. He is a member of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity and of the Episcopal 
Church. Judge Morrison was for 
many years a school teacher in Massa- 
chusetts and New Hampshire and has 
b^en superintendent of schools for 
Acworth. He has written and trav- 
eled mitfch and is the author of lec- 
tures on "The Old Granite State'* 
and on "Yankees." On Old Home 
Day, 1904, at Charlestown, he gave an 
address on "The Struggles to Defend 
Old No. 4." Mr. Morrison married 
July 20, 1866, Amy Gardarn, who died 
August 30, 1897. Their son, Edgar 
Gardarn, was born April 8, 1890. On 
April 5, 1899, Mr. Morrison married 
Lona Royce. They have an adopted 
daughter, Katie. 



agent, etc., and was a member of the 
house of representatives of 1905. 
He was postmaster under President 
Cleveland and since that time clerk in 
the postofhee until re-appointed to his 
former office by President Wilson. 
He is a member of the Democratic 
state committee. Judge Craig is a 
Baptist in religious belief. He mar- 



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Judge George C. Craig 



Judge George C. Craig 

_ George C. Craig, of Rumney, asso- 
ciate justice of the Plymouth district 
court, was born in Rumney December 
18, 1865, the son of Deacon Byron M. 
Craig and Lydia (Ramsay)' Craig, 
and was educated in the town schools. 
After farming, working for the rail- 
road, etc., he started in the meat and 
grocery business at Rumney village 
and in 1892 occupied his present mer- 
cantile establishment at Rumney De- 
pot. In addition he owns 1,500 acres 
of timberland and is now Operating a 
mill employing thirty hands. A Dem- 
ocrat in politics Judge Craig has been 
town clerk, town treasurer, road 



ried November 1, 1892, Carrie E. Ab- 
bott of Rumney and they have three 
children, Lizzie Mae, aged 20, and 
Roy and Ray, twins of 15 years. 



Judge Sidney F. Downing 

Representative Sidney P. Downing 
of Lincoln, justice of the Woodstock 
district court, was born in Ellsworth 
January 27, 1884, and educated at the 
Plymouth High School. His occupa- 
tion is that of station agent of the 
Boston & Maine Railroad at Lincoln. 
He is a Congregationalist ; a Mason 
and Patron of Husbandry and a mem- 
ber of the Order of Railroad Tele- 



26 



The Granite Monthly 



graphers. He married, October 27, 
1906, Lena May Clark of Plymouth 
and they have one daughter, Dorothy, 
born December 31, 1911. Mr. Down- 
ing was elected representative in the 
New Hampshire legislature of 1013 by 
a vote of 78 to 31 for his Republican 
opponent; and was appointed by 
Speaker Britten to the important 
committees on labor, revision of stat- 
utes and journal of the house. He 
proved a diligent worker in commit- 



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Jud£e Sidney F. Downing 

tees, an able and fearless debater on 
the floor and a representative whose 
ability was commented upon by the 
Manchester Leader and other news- 
papers in highly favorable terms. 



Judge Frank P. Hobbs 

Frank P. Hobbs, special justice of 
the district court for the district 
of Wolfeboro, and one of Carroll 
County's most active and best known 
citizens, was born in Winona, Minn., 
September 6, 1855. He came to New 
Hampshire in childhood and attended 



the schools of Ossipee and Tamworth, 
continuing his education to the pres- 
ent moment by wide reading, intelli- 
gent observation and careful study of 
the problems of the day. He was mar- 
ried, December 6, 1882, to Emily S. 
Evans and they have two daughters, 
Shuah M. and Mary E. Mr, Hobbs 
is a very busy man, for in addition to 
his judicial position he is postmaster 
of Wolfeboro by appointment of Pres- 
ident Wilson, a position which he 
had held previously under President 
Cleveland, and is engaged in the real 
estate, fire insurance, lumber and in- 
vestment business. He was for a 
number of years station agent at 
Wolfeboro for the Eastern and Boston 
& Maine Railroads and later was a 
hotel proprietor and manager, in ad- 
dition to other avocations. Mr. Hobbs 
has held many and varied official po- 
sitions and has filled them with invari- 
able credit to himself and satisfaction 
to. all concerned. He has been high 
sheriff of Carroll County and deputy 
sheriff of Carroll, Strafford and Bel- 
knap Counties ; a member of the house 
of representatives in 1911 and 1913 
and a delegate to the convention 
which met in 1912 to propose amend- 
ments to the constitution of the state. 
Although not a lawyer by profession, 
Mr. Hobbs was assigned in the legis- 
lature of 1911 to the committee on re- 
vision of laws and did such good work 
upon it that in 1913 he was promoted 
to the chief committee of all, that on 
the judiciary, and became one of the 
recognize! leaders not of the Demo- 
cratic party alone, but of the whole 
house. Fearless, independent and lib- 
eral in thought and speech Mr. Hobbs 
champions no cause in which he does 
not believe thoroughly, and the knowl- 
edge of that fact gives him influence 
with his fellows. In the constitutional 
convention Mr. Hobbs was appointed 
by President Jones a member of the 
special committee on Woman's Suf- 
frage and upon this subject as well as 
upon other important matters, such 
as the basis of representation in the 
legislature, taxation, initiative and 



New Hampshire's New Judges 



■ •( 



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JUDGE FRANK P. IIOBBS 



28 



77? e Gra n ite Monthly 



referendum, etc-., was heard effect- 
ively. Judge Hobbs is a Unitarian in 
religious belief and a member of the 
Masons, Odd Fellows, Red Men and 
A. 0. U. W. 



Ji'dgb "William Pitman 

William Pitman of Bartlettfjustice 
of the Conway district court, was born 
in Bartlett October 31, 1855. He at- 



lative service Judge Pitman was a 
member of the committee on public 
health and public improvements. He 
is a leading business man of his town 
and section and has been for the past 
ten years a director in the North Con- 
way Loan and Banking Company. 
Judge Pitman is a member of Mount 
Washington Lodge, No. 87, A. F. and 
A. M., of Signet Royal Arch Chapter 
of North Conway and of St. Gerard 



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Judge William Pitman 



tended the schools of his native town, 
North Conway Academy and Frye- 
burg Academy. He was -superintend- 
ing school committee of his town for 
four years; member of the school 
board six years ; treasurer of the town 
school district fifteen years ; deputy 
sheriff six years; moderator two 
years; chairman of the board of select- 
men fifteen years and at the present 
time; and representative in the legis- 
lature two years. During his le^is- 



Commandery, Knights Templar, of 
Littleton. He married, November 16, 
1879, Jannette 0. Eastman, and they 
have three children, Jennie Pillsbury, 
wife of "William II. Jaquith of Law- 
rence, Mass. ; Leah Curtis and Doris 
Emeline. Judge Pitman is one of the 
popular and prominent men of the 
White Mountain "East Side" and 
his judicial appointment was well re- 
ceived by the people of the district 
served by his court. 



TO MY FIREPLACE 

By Delia S. Honey 

As the twilight gathers round us, 

Drawing down the shades of night, 
I love to sit beside thee, 

And watch thy twinkling light — 
Flames the colors of the rainbow 

Streaming up, then die away, 
Like the sunlight in the morning, 

And the light at close of day. 
And I love to read the stories 

In the embers, bright and clear, 
Pictures of the loved and lost ones 

Telling us to '"never fear." 
Sometimes rough, or fairer faces, 

Palaces, and beasts of prey- 
Paths to strange, mysterious places. 

Shown in panoramic way. 
Thus in rapture by thy firelight. 

Sit I musing over thee — 
For the flame, the light,' the ember. 

All are beautiful to me. 



HATTIE ALMIBA ROWE 

November 10, 1855— December 31, 1912 

By Stewart Everett Boiee 

Just a burst of sadness, 

Then a calm of gladness 

That I had her for so long with me ; 

While through life I wander, 

Ne 'er 1 '11 cease to ponder 
Of my mother, now beyond the lea. 

Every single minute 

Fought she on to win it, — 

Win some golden goal of life for me ; 

So for her I'll treasure 

In the fullest measure 
Tender thoughts till I shall cease to be. 

Did her duty ever, 

Shirked it not and never ; 

Dreamed she on amid the stars and sky: 

If she's not with God, friends. 

Where the good have trod, friends, 
1 don't want to go there when I die. 



39. 









I 

\ 



HON. ANDREW L. FELKER 
Of Meredith 

Commissioner of Agriculture 



MEREDITH 



3i 



The Gem of the New Hampshire Lake Region 
By Charles Hardon 



Situate J in the very heart «rf New 
Hampshire's famous and romantic 
lake region, with still extensive area 
of fertile land, though shorn of a con- 
siderable part of its original propor- 
tions, with a greater coast line than 
any other town in the state, with 
possibly one exception ; with scenery 
unsurpassed, all in ready access to 
the world at large, the town of Mere- 
dith, in the Comity of Belknap, at the 



sentative farmers and leading citizens 
of the town, Andrew L. Felker, has 
been appointed to the important and 
responsible position of Commissioner 
of Agriculture. 

The territory embraced within the 
limits of the present town of Meredith 
was included in a grant made by the 
Masonian proprietors, December 31, 
1748, to Samuel Palmer and others, 
which was originally known as Pal- 



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Meredith Village and Bay from the Northwest 



head of Lake Winnipesaukee, what- 
ever its past history or present posi- 
tion, is endowed with possibilities 
whose development and realization, 
through the awakened spirit of its 
people, whether near at hand or long 
to be delayed, will place it ultimately 
m the front rank among our many 
prosperous summer resort towns, and 
which, it is also to be hoped., will fully 
restore its former prestige as one of 
the best farming towns in the state. 
Especially should the latter result be 
looked for now that one of the repre- 



merstown. The town was incorpo- 
rated by the Governor and Council 
as Meredith, December 21, 1768, the 
name having previously been changed 
from Palmerstown to New Salem. As 
then constituted it included all that 
part of the present city of Laconia on 
the west of the "Winnipesaukee River, 
on whose bank the flourishing village, 
long known as "Meredith Bridge," 
was built up, and which was erected 
into the town of Laconia by the legis- 
lature, July 14, 1855. By this action 
the town lost its most prosperous man- 



32 



The Granite Monthly 









,ake Waukewan 



ufacturing section, as well as a fine 
agricultural region, precisely as did 
its neighboring town of Sanborn ton 
when the town of Tilton, which 
included the village of Sanboruton 
Bridge and surrounding territory, 
was created by the legislature in 
June, 1869. Again, in 1873, another 
section, though smaller in extent, was 
cut off from the town by legislative 
enactment, this being annexed to the 
town of Center Harbor. The town 
remains, however, one of the longest 
in the state, territorially, and, includ- 
ing Bear Island and other islands 
within its jurisdiction, has still an 
area greater than that of the average 
town. 



About a dozen families had located 
within the original limits of the town- 
ship in 1166, and the first birth of 
which there is any record, in the 
town, was that of a daughter of Jacob 
Eaton, March 11, 1767, while the sec- 
ond was that of Daniel, son of Eben- 
ezer and Sarah Smith, July 4, of the 
same year. 

The first town meeting in Meredith 
was held on the 20th day of March, 
1769, at the house of Ebenezer Smith, 
when William Mead was chosen mod- 
erator, Ebenezer Smith, town clerk, 
and Ebenezer Smith, Reuben Mars- 
ton and Ebenezer Pitman, selectmen. 
In April, 1772, it was voted to build 
a town house, and in April, 1774, a 












Lake Winnipesaukee from the Old Oak 



Meredith 



33 



!>-. 









Boston & Maine R. R. Station, Meredith 



meeting house forty feet long by 
thirty-two feet wide, the same to be 
•completed within sixteen months. In 
April. 1775, it was voted to raise six 
pounds, lawful money, to hire preach- 
ing for some part of the year ensuing, 
and six pounds for schooling. 

The people of Meredith took a pa- 
triotic stand when the Revolution 
broke out, and did their full' part in 
the war for independence. Ebenezer 
Smith was chosen a deputy to attend 
the Exeter convention in May, 1775, 
and at the same time the town voted 



to raise ten soldiers for the service, 
wherever needed. In August, 1776, 
a Committee of Safety was chosen, 
consisting of J. M. Polsom, Jonathan 
Smith, Nathaniel Robinson, William 
Mead and Joseph Roberts, and £45 
was voted for arms and ammunition. 
In 1777 there were forty-seven names 
of legal voters on the check list. 
Among the soldiers of Meredith serv- 
ing in the Revolution were the follow- 
ing, as the records show: Nathaniel 
Holland, John Robinson, Jonathan 
Crosby, Jonathan Smith, Jr., Moses 



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Meredith School House 



34 



The Granite Monthly 



Senter, Oliver Smith, Thomas Pro- 
hock, Aaron Rawiings, Joseph Eaton, 
James Sinclair, and William Maioon; 
while Jonathan Smith of this town 
was in the Rhode Island service. 
Ebenezer Smith seems to have been 
the leading man in the town in its 
early history. He was the delegate 
from Meredith in the Concord con- 
vention of 1778 for laying a plan for 
the government of the state, and the 
first representative in the legislature, 
after the town became entitled to 



the shore, made up the third division, 
the intermediate section constituting 
the second division. 

Probably three-fifths of the popu- 
lation of the town, which was 1,638 
in 1910, as against 1,642 in 1890, 
showing practically a standstill con- 
dition though the figure was somewhat 
larger in 1900, is included within the 
village limits, the village lying at the 
head of the bay, and between that and 
Lake Waukewan, a fine body of water, 
some two miles in length, lying several 




Town Hall Building 



separate representation, in 1793, it 
previously having been classed with 
Sanbornton. 

The original township was divided 
into three divisions, each being a 
school district. The first division in- 
cluded the portion erected into the 
town of Laconia, while the upper end 
of the town, in which Meredith vil- 
lage, the business section of the pres- 
ent town, is located, together with the 
"Neck," the large peninsula extend- 
ing into Lake "Winnipesaukee, which 
has many fine farms, and numerous 
delightful summer cottage sites along 



feet higher than the "Winnipesaukee, 
and emptying into the same at the 
head of the bay, the fall affording a 
very considerable water power, which 
has been utilized for the operation of 
various manufacturing industries — 
at some times more extensively than at 
the present. 

The line of the old Boston, Concord 
& Montreal Railroad, now a part of 
the White Mountains Division of the 
Boston & Maine, passes through the 
outskirts of the village, the station be- 
ing thirty-seven miles above Concord, 
and ten from Laconia. There is quite 



Meredith 



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Smith Library 



a business done at tins station, which 
is the railroad center for Center Har- 
bor, Moult onborough and Sandwich, 
as well as Meredith, and six or eight 
men are required to take care of the 
work. Stages run three times, daily, 
to Center Harbor, and once each day, 
except Sunday, to Moultonborough 
and Sandwich. The station agent is 
Charles I. Swain, who has been for a 
quarter of a century in the employ of 
the railroad. 

During the summer season there is 



also steamboat service between Mere- 
dith village' and other points on the 
lake ; but the place has not yet reached 
the importance as a summer resort, 
which its location and natural attrac- 
tions justly entitle it to hold, and 
which can only be attained through 
the intelligent, organized effort of its 
business men, upon which also, its 
industrial prosperity must largely de- 
pend. What is wanted for the pro- 
motion of these ends is a live board of 
trade, which does not now exist, 



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Elm Hotel, Meredith, N. H. 



30 



The Granite Mordhh 



though one was organized a few years 
ago, and made something of a start, 
but soon "dropped .out'' and is now 
in a comatose condition. 

The village, which, on account of 
the physical configuration of its site, 



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North (Congregational; Church 

is somewhat irregularly built, is pleas- 
antly located, from a scenic point of 
view, and presents a generally attrac- 
tive and well kept appearance, both as 
regards its residential and business 
sections. Its mercantile establish- 
ments are fairly on a par with the 
size of the place and the extent of 
tributary territory, and its indus- 
tries, although not as extensive as 
they have been at times, or as it is 
hoped they yet may be, are of consid- 
erable importance. The principal in- 
dustry at the present time is the Mere- 
dith Linen Mills, employing from 
sixty to seventy hands. There is also 
a lumber mill near the railway, em- 
ploying twenty-five to thirty men ; the 
George H. Clark & Company concern 
manufacturing boxes, shook, and 
building materials, with twenty to 
thirty employees, and the Meredith 
Casket Company, twelve to fifteen 



men. There is also the plant of a 
former large industry — the Meredith 
Shook and Lumber Company, which 
is now lying idle and for sale. 

There are Congregational, Baptist, 
Free Baptist and Advent churches, 
each having a house of worship and 
maintaining services, in the village — 
sufficient in number, certainly, if not 
in variety, to meet the religious needs 
of the people. Of late the Congre- 
gational and Free Baptist churches 
have k ' federated, ' ' employing the Rev. 
E. T, Blake as their pastor — an ex- 
ample that may well be followed 
in other towns with a superfluity of 
churches. 

The village schools, with a total of 
about 150 pupils, include high, gram- 
mar, intermediate, and first and 
second primary departments. The 
teachers are Joseph Garmon, high 















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Free Baptist Church 

school ; Lillian M. Pearson, grammar ; 
Vera E. Berry, intermediate; Hope 
Lincoln, first primary ; Ruth Hawkins, 
second primary. Fred H. Osgood is 
teacher of music and Miss Abby H. 
Jewett of drawing. 



Meredith 



37 



A finely located, substantially built 
and conveniently arranged public li- 
brary building, the. gift of the late 
Benjamin M. Smith, a former resi- 
dent, houses a well-selected library of 
six thousand volumes, in charge of 
Mrs. Lillian Wadleigh as librarian. 






M 



Advent Church 

The Meredith Village Savings Bank, 
incorporated in 1869, had deposits 
slightly in excess of $500,000 when the 
last printed report of the Bank Com- 
mission was issued. John F. Beede is 
president and Daniel E. Eaton treas- 
urer. The trustees are John F. Beede, 
Edwin Cox, Bertram Blaisdell, Ed- 
mund Quimby, Daniel E. Eaton, 
Nathan G. Plummer, Edmund Page, 
Dudley Leavitt, and Joseph \Y. Clark. 

The fraternal life of the village and 
town is well organized, including the 
Masons, the Odd Fellows, and the 
Grange or Patrons of Husbandry. 
Chocorua Lodge, A. F. & A. M., has 
over ninety members, with Charles N. 
Roberts, worshipful master. They 
will soon occupy, as a permanent 
home, the upper floor of the new 
Grange building, now in process of 
completion. The Odd Fellows have a 
lodge of 100 members, with J. P. 
Hand, noble grand, and Frank David- 
son, recording secretary. They oc- 
cupy the upper floor of a building of 
their own, the lower part of which is 
occupied by .Morrison's drug store. 
Ellacoya Chapter of the order of the 
Eastern Star lias eighty members, 



with Mrs. Elizabeth Quimby, worthy 
matron, and Mrs. Emma Ballard, as- 
sociate matron. Lakeside Rebekah 
Lodge, No. 34, has 150 members, with 
Mrs. Lottie Emery, noble grand, and. 
Miss Esther Rand, secretary. 

Winuipesaukee Grange, No. 55, Pa- 
trons of Husbandry, organized March 
2, 1S75, has been -one of the most pros- 
perous in the state for a number of 
years, including in its membership 
a greater proportion of wide-awake 
farmers than almost any other. It 
has at the opening of 1914, 206 mem- 
bers, witli Emma N. Ballard, master, 
Eva F. Blake, lecturer, and Blanche 
Knowles, secretary. This Grange is 
erecting a hall of its own, in a promi- 
nent position on Main Street, forty 
by sixty feet, with two stories and 
basement, the first floor to be occupied 
by the Grange, and the second by the 




Baptist Church 

Masons, with banquet room in the 
basement to be used by both orders. 
The .Meredith "Woman's Progress 
Club was organized September 13, 
1901, and joined the State Federation 
the following year. The organizer and 



3S 



The Granite Monthly 







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Mill and Office of George K. Clark & Co. 



first president was Mrs. Isabel Ambler 
Oilman, now a lawyer at Saldovia, 
Alaska. The succeeding presidents 
have been Mrs. Ilattie R. Erskine, 
Mrs. Ella E. Eaton, Mrs, Geneva M. 
Hawkins, Mrs. Georgia M. Blaisdell, 
Mrs. Grace Swain and Mrs. Helen H. 
Pynn, the present executive. The 
other officers, now serving, are Mrs. 



Clara dough and Mrs. Elizabeth 
Caverly, vice-presidents • Mrs. Georgia 
M. Blaisdell, recording secretary; 
Mrs. Nellie Dow, corresponding sec- 
retary ; Mrs. Elizabeth Quimby, 
treasurer; Mrs. Grace Swain, Mrs. 
Augusta Heath and Mrs. II. R. Ers- 
kine, directors. The present member- 
ship of the club is about sixty-five. 




Hawkins Block 



Meredith 



39 



rx 



Meredith Garage and Machine Shop 
Owned and Conducted by G. W. Vinall 



The meetings are held in Ladd Hall, 
on the first and third Tuesdays of 
each month. 

There is a local branch of the 
Woman 's Christia n Tempera n c e 
Union here located, with a member- 
ship of about thirty, the principal 
officers at present being Mrs. Melvin 
H. Kimball, president; Mrs. Eliza- 
beth C. Caverly, secretary, and Miss 
Virginia B. Ladd, treasurer. 

As in the Revolution, the sons of 



Meredith performed loyal service in 
the war for the preservation of the 
Union, not less than 122 officers and 
men from this town being engaged 
during the struggle, with 105 volun- 
teer substitutes, making a total of 227 
in all. A large proportion of these 
were members of the Twelfth New 
Hampshire Regiment, Company I of 
this organization being mainly re- 
cruited here. The commander of this 
company, Capt. Joseph W. Lang, Jr., 











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Garage and Machine Shop of Leander G. Pynn 

Dealer in Automobiles 



40 



The Granite Monthly 



son of a former leading citizen, made a 
splendid record in the service, and for 
many years after the war was a prom- 
inent and respected business man of 
the town and a leading Democrat of 
Belknap County. A soldiers' monu- 
ment, erected near the. public library, 




George II. Clark & Co. 

One of the principal industries of 
the town is that established in 1S6G 
by George II. and Joseph S. Clark, 
brothers, under the firm name of 
George II. Clark & Co., and under 
which name the business is still con- 
tinued, though George If. Clark died 
April 16, 1905, and Joseph S. and his 
son J. "W., are now conducting it. 

They supply everything required in 
the line of building material ; also box 
shook s, hosiery boards and all kinds 
of cabinet work. Their establish- 
ment is located on Meredith Bay, in 
ready access of the lumber supply, 
and the power used is electricity from 
the linen mill plant near by. About 
thirty-five hands are employed during 
the busy season — a somewhat smaller 
number in the winter, and the aver- 
age year's business exceeds $100,000, 
the product being marketed through 
a large section. The firm is popular 
with its employees and the general 
public, and a material factor in the 
town's prosperity. 



George II. Clark 



was the gift of Major Edwin E. 
Beede, and bears the inscription : 

"In honor of the Twelfth Regi- 
ment, New Hampshire Volunteers, 
who fought in the Wdr of 1861-1865 
for the preservation of the Union." 

The advent of the automobile as a 
means of locomotion has not only 
developed one of the most extensive 
branches of manufacturing industry 
in the country, but also important 
incidental lines of business in which 
latter Meredith, like other towns, lias 
a share. There are two well-equipped 
garages in the village, the proprietors 
being G. W. Vinall and Leander G. 
Pynn. The latter also does a consid- 
erable business as a dealer in auto- 
mobiles. 



Dr. George R. Salisbury 



Meredith 



41 









View on Main St., Meredith 



Dr. George R. Salisbury 

Meredith's dentist. Dr. George R. 
Salisbury, who has been in practice 
here about six years, is a native of 
Hull's Cove, Me. He was educated 
at the Smith Paris High School, the 
University of Pennsylvania and the 
Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, 
graduating at the latter in 1905. He 
has a well-equipped office and large 
and successful practice. He is a 
member of Chocorua Lodge, A. F. & 
A. M., Ellacayo Chapter, 0. E. S., and 
of Winnipesaukee Grange, P. of H. 



Meredith's popular public enter- 
tainment resort — the Elm Hotel — 
is now and has been for a year past 
under the management of Mr. George 
P. Gould, who has had previous ex- 
perience in the business in Contoocook 
and Hill. He runs a clean, well-kept 
and well-regulated temperance house, 
at moderate prices and satisfactory to 
all guests, his success being due as 
well to Mrs. Gould's excellent judg- 
ment and sympathetic cooperation, as 
to his own ability. Meredith people 
generally take due pride in the char- 
acter of their hotel. 

Mr. "Wilbur Emery, who is, withal, 
an enterprising and public spirited 



citizen, conducts the business of an 
undertaker and embalmer, and has- 
aii unusually well-equipped establish- 
ment in that line. 






Wilbur Emery 



42 



The Granite Monthly 



Among the many camp schools for 
the young, which, in recent years, have 
been established in the lake region, 
mention should be made of '''Gamp 
Winnipesaukee, " a school for boys, 
open the entire year, conducted by 
Miss Hattie Moses of this town, lo- 
cated upon a charming island seven 
miles down the lake. 



At Meredith Center, some four 
miles southwest from the village, are 
a store, a post office and a Free Bap- 
tist Church. A sawmill and grist- 
mill are also located here, but neither 
are operated at the present time. 



of land and water are here combined. 
The Belknap, Ossipee and Sandwich 
Mountains are close at hand, and 
Mount Washington is but little more 
than fifty miles away. Nor are there 
any disasters here, as on the Great 
Lakes. The "\sea going''' is entirely 
safe, and there is no getting out of 
sight of land. On the shores of these 
beautiful waters are sites for ten 
thousand summer homes, many of 
which might pleasantly be occupied 
even in the winter time by those who 
have leisure at their command. Ulti- 
mately these sites will be largely occu- 
pied. Trolley lines will run all about 



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. - -■• ' 



Camp Winnipesaukee 

Island Camp School for Boys 



Here is the home, also, of Wicwas 
Lake Grange, of which Commissioner 
Felker is a member, as he is of the 
church here located. 

Speaking of lakes, the waters in, 
around and about Meredith have been 
compared to the five great lakes — 
Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie and 
Ontario. They are Winnipesaukee, 
"Waukewan, Wicwas, Winnisquam, 
and the Bay, which latter is an arm 
of the first named. Unlike the Great 
Lakes, these are home-like, compre- 
hensible and accessible. They are 
not too far away from anywhere, or 
from each other — thirty-seven miles 
from Concord and one hundred and 
twelve from Boston. The attractions 



the shores and motor boats, galore, 
will fly upon the waters; but it will 
be many a year before the develop- 
ment possibilities will be exhausted. 
Care should be taken that these sites 
are held accessible to the people, and 
not monopolized by speculators ; nor 
should high taxes be imposed on 
camps and cottages. 

There is already the foundation 
for a large summer colony located 
on these charming Meredith shores, 
mainly on the "Neck," with many 
cosy and attractive camps and cot- 
tages* Among the most attractive of 
these is "Castle Rock Camp," the 
summer home of G. K. "Webster, of 
the well-known W 7 ebster Company, 
silversmiths, of North Attleboro, 



Meredith 



43 



!-,.. 



^----- : 



Castl a Rock Camp, G. K. Webster 



Mass., whose New York office is in 
the Gill Building, 9-13 Maiden Lane, 
which camp commands a delightful 
view and is greatly admired. 

Another pleasant camp is that of 
James P. Little of Brookline, Mass., 
situated on the Neck, opposite Bear 
Island Narrows. This camp was con- 
structed from an old barn, with heavy 



oak timbers. It was designed by the 
owner and built by the day by George 
Merrill. It has a large shore frontage 
and fine outlook, and is occupied from 
June to November, and occasionally 
during the winter. Capt. "Woodbury 
Davis is the caretaker. 

Still another attractive summer 
home is that of Mr. and Mrs. W. J. 






X, } - i v. 



James A. Little's Camp, Meredith Neck 



44 



The Granite Monthly 






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1 




Red Hill 



Three- Mile Island 
View of Sandwich Range from "Nushka" 



Ossipee Mt. 



Pollett of Newton, Mass., situated on 
a point on the easterly shore of the 
Neck, where the narrow channel, 
sometimes called the "Midway, Plais- 
ance," opens out to that grand stretch 
of water in which the Appalachian 
Club Island and the Beaver Islands 
are located. This charming retreat 
is so surrounded by pine growth that 
the passerby seldom takes note of its 
dimensions, and no single view can 



give an adequate idea thereof. Its 
living room is thirty-six by twenty- 
four feet, with a fireplace on one side 
five feet high and five feet wide, with 
a twelve-foot hearth and correspond- 
ing mantel shelf, and a twelve-foot 
window seat opposite and a massive 
window with one pane measuring 
seven feet by five, through which 
can be viewed the rippling lake, 
the nearby islands, and in the far- 









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"Nushka," Summer Residence of Mr. and Mrs. William J. Follett of Newton, Mass. 



Meredith 



45 



iher distance Red Hill, Ossipec and 
Chocorma Mountains. The finish, 
throughout is rustic and solidly sub- 
stantial, while the furnishing and all 
the accessories are such as guarantee 
comfort and suggest a ready hospi- 
tality, both in summer and winter, 
for many pleasant outings are here 
enjoyed in the latter season, with 
snowshoeing, tobogganing, skating, 
curling and fishing through the ice 
as attractions. Bachelor lodging- 
room quarters are also maintained in 
connection with the establishment, in 
a cabin on Goose or Pine Cone Island, 
midway between the Meredith shore 
and Pine Island. The name of this 
retreat of the Folletts is "Nushka," 
the Indian for "Look! Look!'' or 
"Behold! Behold!" 



was the first treasurer of Belknap 
County; served in both blanches of 
the legislature and in the Constitu- 
tional Convention of 1850. He was 
born June 3, 1S06, and died October 
25, 1873. 

Benjamin M. Smith 

The principal benefactor of the 
town of Meredith, whose enduring 
monument exists in its fine public 
library building, was Benjamin M. 
Smith, born in West Center Harbor, 



BIOGRAPHY 

Among Meredith born men, abroad, 
gaining prominence in public life, the 
most noted, perhaps, was the late Hon. 
George C. Fogg, who was educated 
for the law, but engaged in journal- 
ism, being practically the founder 
and long-time editor of the Independ- 
ent Democrat of Concord, the organ 
of the Free Soil party, subsequently 
consolidated with the Statesman. He 
served as United States minister to 
Switzerland by appointment of Presi- 
dent Lincoln, and was also, for a 
short time, United States Senator by 
executive appointment. 

The ablest and most influential son 
of the town, who remained at home 
and performed his life work among 
the scenes and associations of his 
childhood, was, undoubtedly, Gen. 
John Wadleigh, a substantial farmer 
with a bent for politics and a strong 
grasp on public affairs, a<5 well as 
a natural fondness for military life. 
He was active in the old state militia, 
attaining the rank of major-general 
therein, and was also adjutant-gen- 
eral of New Hampshire from 1S47 to 
1856. He held many town offices; 



f 






Benjamin M. Smith 

Donor of the Public Library 

November 1, 1833 ; a son of John and 
Mary (Mudgett) Smith and a direct 
descendant, in the eighth generation, 
of John Smith, born at Dorking, Eng- 
land, 1595, a member of "The Com- 
pany of The Plough," formed in 
London in 1630 who came to America 
in 1632 on the ship William and 
Francis; one of the sixteen heads 
of families named John Smith, who 
settled in Massachusetts prior to 
1650, and one of the five owners of 
Nantucket. 

Benjamin resided with his father 



4G 



The Granite Monthly 



until 1854, when the family removed 
from Center Harbor to Meredith. 
When he was sixteen years old he 
learned that anyone could earn $20 
per month making shoes, and with his 
father's consent he arranged to work 
a year at South Deerfield, to learn 
his trade, and receive $30 for his 
year's work. At the end of a year 
he purchased his time of his father, 
built a shop, and commenced taking 
work from Haverhill. Soon after he 
was twenty-one he was sick for two 
years, and told by the doctor he must 
have outdoor occupation. In March, 
1856, he had 235 pounds of stocking 
yarn made, and went to Newburyport, 
Mass., where he made his first sales. 
He shortly after added knit stockings 
and other goods to his line, and for 
fifty years covered his territory in 
northeastern Massachusetts, retiring 
in 1909 with the best wishes and re- 
spect of hundreds of customers. 

Mr. Smith spent many happy days 
at Meredith, where his two children 
were bora, and in the spring of 1900 
proposed to the town that if they 
would purchase the Prescott lot, on 
Main Street, then covered with un- 
sightly buildings, lie would erect 
thereon a good library building to 
cost not less than $10,000 in memory 
of his parents ; the town accepted the 
offer, and Mr. Smith built the library 
at a cost of some $12,000. 

Center Harbor was Mr. Smith's 
birthplace, and in 1909 he made a 
similar offer to that town; but, owing 
to different arrangements, that build 
ing was erected by another; but, at 
his death, he left the town an Endow- 
ment Fund of $6,000, the. interest of 
which, after the payment of a small 
annual expense for the care of his 
burial lot, was to be used for the 
schools of the town. 

In 1908, he created an endowment 
fund known as "The Benjamin M. 
Smith Memorial Fund" for the wid- 
ows and orphans of sailors lost at sea 
from Gloucester, and at his death pro- 
vided still further for them. 

He was known far and wide as a 



horticulturist, originating the "Bev- 
erly strawberry" and many others, 
and was the winner of many medals 
and prizes for his fruit and gardens. 
During his last years, he resided in 
summer at his residence on Massachu- 
setts Avenue, at Meredith. 

He passed away at Wenham, Mass., 
on March 16, 1912. 



Col. Ebexezer Stevens 

Among the men of Meredith whose 
energy, enterprise and active public 
spirit were largely instrumental in 
promoting the prosperity of the town 
in the middle of the last century, was 
Col. Ebenezer Stevens, whose great- 
grandfather, Maj. Ebenezer Stevens, 
was one of the early settlers of the 
town of Kingston. Paul Stevens, a 
farmer, grandson of Maj. Stevens, 
who married Sally, a daughter of Dr. 
Howe, an eminent surgeon in the 
American army in the Revolution, 
settled first in New Chester, residing 
subsequently in New Hampton, Gil- 
manton and Gilford, in which latter 
town, Ebenezer, the subject of this 
sketch, with several others of their 
large family of children, was born, 
his natal day being May 9, 1810. 

Compelled from boyhood to make 
his own way in the world, he first 
learned the trade of blacksmithing, 
and engaged therein in Gilford till 
1837, when he removed to Meredith 
Village, where he pursued the same 
avocation successfully for several 
years. About 1850 he engaged in 
general merchandise in company with 
Joseph W. Lang, and afterward con- 
ducted the business alone, or with 
other partners, for many years. He 
was one of the incorporators and a 
trustee of the Meredith Village Sav- 
ings Bank; and a trustee of the La- 
conia Savings Bank; was a justice of 
the peace for more than forty years ; 
was a selectman of Meredith during 
the Civil War, had represented the 
town in the legislature, and was a 
Republican presidential elector in 



Meredith 



47 



1860. lie had been prominent in the 
militia and was offered the command 
of the Twelfth New Hampshire Regi- 
ment in the Civil War, which lie aided 
largely in raising. He married, April 
22, 1846, Cassandra, daughter of John 
B. and Alice (Ladd) Swasey of Mere- 
dith. They had one daughter. Alice 
L., who married Henry W. Lincoln 
of Norton, Mass. Colonel Stevens 
died in 1901. 



trait accompanies this article, was a 
man who had deeply at heart the wel- 
fare and upbuilding of the town in 
which fifty-six years of his life was 
spent. Original of mind and thor- 
ough in everything he undertook, he 
did much to instill these qualities, as 
well as industry and integrity into 
the character of those about him. He 
was born in Loudon, N. H., April 29, 
1819, a descendant of that Daniel 



A -^ 

A 



/ 



Col. Ebenczer Stevens 



Seneca A. Ladd 

The perpetuation of the memory of 
the men and women of New Hamp- 
shire who have given character and 
stability to the towns in which their 
life work has been accomplished is 
one of the objects of this magazine. 
A few "righteous men'' may give 
such tone to the moral life of a com- 
munity as to make it a good place to 
live in. 

Seneca Augustus Ladd, whose por- 



Ladd, who sailed from London, Eng., 
March 24, 1633, in the ship Mary and 
John, located at Ipswich, Mass., was 
one of the founders of Salisbury in 
1638, removed with eleven others, in 
1640, to Paw tucket on the Merrimack, 
and founded the town (now city) of 
Haverhill. Seneca A. was the fourth 
son of Gideon and Polly (Osgood) 
Ladd. He attended the town school 
summers until ten years of age, and 
winters until seventeen, one of his 
teachers, and the one who best com- 



48 



Th e Gro n He Mo n Hi I u 




SENECA A. LADD 



Meredith 



49 



prehended his nature and gave him 
most encouragement, being the late 
Hon. John L. French, afterwards 
president of the Pittsfield bank. He 
learned the carriageniaker ? s trade in 
youth and. at seventeen, came to 
Meredith and worked for a time with 
John Haines, a wheelwright. 

At the age of twenty years, he 
bought a house, giving his note in 
part payment, married, and, in com- 
pany with Mr. Sewell Smith, was 
engaged in the manufacture of car- 
riages, when their plant was de- 
stroyed by fire. After this seeming 
disaster, Mr. Ladcl leased an unused 
factory in the village and "devoted 
himself to the manufacture of pianos 
and melodeons, in connection with his 
brother, Albert, maker of the cele- 
brated A. \V. Ladd & Co. pianos in 
Boston. 

In 1869, his hearing having become 
seriously impaired, he gave up this 
business, but soon conceived the idea 
of starting a savings bank, particu- 
larly to encourage young people in 
whose welfare he always took a special 
interest, in habits of prudence and 
thrift in the use of their earnings. 
Nearly twenty years of his life were 
spent -in this work; not for gain to 
himself, but that others might be ben- 
efited. This enterprise conceived and 
carried out in his maturity, seems to 
have been the great good he be- 
queathed to the citizenship of Mere- 
dith. This Meredith Village Savings 
Bank is still perpetuated, in care of 
Mr. D. E. Eaton, who has held the 
oihce of treasurer for the last twenty- 
five years. 

Mr. Ladd, throughout his busy life, 
found time for the collection and 
study of minerals; and geology and 
kindred sciences were always of the 
greatest interest to him. * He was 
twice married, first to Susan Tilton 
of Meredith, March 24, 1840, and, two 
years after her death, to Catharine S. 
Wallace of Boston, June 1, 1852, He 
died January 22, 1892, leaving two 
daughters — one by each marriage — 
Mrs. Frances L. Coe of Center Har- 



bor, and Miss Virginia B. Ladd, who 
occupies the home residence. 

Dudley Leavitt 

The resident of Meredith most 
widely known, or at least the one 
whose name has been most familiar 
in New England farm homes for the 
last four generations, was Dudley 
Leavitt, the author of the famous 
almanac which lie first issued in 1797, 
and which still bears his name. 



... _.- .._~. i'i&i] 



Dudley Leavitt 

Mr. Leavitt, or "Master" Leavitt, 
as he was generally known, from the 
fact that he was one of the most noted 
school-masters of his clay, was a na- 
tive of the town of Exeter, born May 
23, 1772. He was a direct descendant 
of John Leavitt, an Englishman, who 
settled in Hingham, Mass., in 1636. 
He attended school but three months, 
altogether, but was a great student all 
through life, deeply versed in mathe- 
matics, astronomy and the languages. 
He married Judith Glidden of Gil- 
manton, and resided for some time in 
that town, but removed, in 1806, to 
Meredith, where he located on a large 
farm about three-fourths of a mile 



•50 



The Granite Monthly 



from the lake, and established a 
school, which was extensively adver- 
tised and was quite noted for many 
years. He continued his teaching 
with considerable regularity until 
nearly seventy-five years of age. He 
died suddenly, September 15, 1851. 
He was the father of eleven children, 
nine of whom grew to maturity. Two 
daughters married clergymen who 
were missionaries, and one of these, 
the wife of Rev. John L. Seymour, 



is a prominent citizen of Meredith, 
and an active worker in the Grange. 

Dr. Charles II. Boynton 

Conspicuous among the sons of 
Meredith gaining high position and 
wide reputation in their chosen pro- 
fessions elsewhere in the state, was 
Charles Hart Boynton, M. IX, one of 
the most prominent physicians of 
northern New Hampshire, who prac- 




D s . Charles H. Boynton 



was the mother of the first white child 
born in Minnesota. His descendants 
now living in Meredith are two grand- 
children, J. Irvill Prescott and Hulda 
J. Leavitt, and four great-grand- 
children, Bertram Blaisdell, Dudley, 
Alice and Marion Leavitt. 

The original Leavitt place is now 
owned in the family and adjoins the 
farm on which Dudley Leavitt and 
sisters now live, also the granddaugh- 
ter, Hulda J. Leavitt. 

Dudley Leavitt, the great-grandson, 



ticed in the town of Lisbon for forty- 
five years. 

Doctor Boynton was born Septem- 
ber 20, 1826, a son of Ebenezer Boyn- 
ton, a Meredith farmer, who had a 
family of eleven children. He di- 
vided his time in early life between 
farm work and the district school. 
At eighteen years of age he bought 
his freedom from his father, learned 
the carpenter's trade, and worked 
thereat, earning money for further 
instruction, at Tilton Seminary, and 



Meredith 



51 



then took up the study of medicine, 
pursuing the same with Dr. W. D. 
Buck of Manchester, at the Berkshire 
Medical College, from which he grad- 
uated in 1S53, and at the Harvard 
Medical School. He commenced-, 
practice in Alexandria in 1854, but 
removed to Lisbon in 1858, where he 
continued till Ins death, August 16, 
1903. He not onlv attained high 



of Meredith, the ki Bridge," now La- 
conia, attracting most of those in 
practice in this section. The most 
prominent member of the profession, 
located here for airy length of time, 
was Judge Samuel W. Rollins, long 
judge of probate. 

Samuel Winekley Rollins was born 
in Somersworth, now Rollinsford, 
April 11, 1825. His father was a 



? \ 



\\ 



lion. Samuel W. Rollins 



rank in his profession, but won the 
confidence and regard of all, as a 
loyal, public-spirited citizen. He was 
a Republican in politics, represented 
his town m the legislature, served 
long on the board of Education, and 
was prominent in many important 
public enterprises. 

Hon. Samuel W. Rollins 

Few lawyers have been located 
within the present limits of the town 



farmer, of pure New Hampshire stock, 
noted for his strict integrity and su- 
perior judgment. His son, Samuel, 
was educated in Franklin Academy, 
and Dartmouth College from which 
he was graduated in 1846. He stud- 
ied law in Dover and was admitted to 
the bar in 1849. He opened an office 
immediately in Parmington and three 
years later in Alton, coining to Mere- 
dith, in 1855, where he finished his 
life work of more than forty years 



52 



The Granite Monthly 



1 .... 



A 



<77^ 



rcTf^^^, 



Meredith 



53 



and passed away July 28, 1S97. 
Judge Rollins married Miss Mary 
Allen Livy of Woifeboro, January 
10, 1857. She proved a £rue help- 
meet in every way. She still survives 
and to her. equally with him, Mere- 
dith is indebted for a distinguished 
example of a married life of mutual 
confidence and love. In 1862 he was 
appointed assistant assessor of in- 
ternal revenue, which office he held 
for ten years. December 3. 1872, he 
was appointed judge of probate for 
Belknap County, which office he held 
till April 11. 1895, when he retired, 
having reached the age limit of sev- 
enty years. Few appeals were ever 
taken from his decisions and none 
was ever successful. He practised in 
many courts of the state and in nearly 
all branches of the law. In March, 
1895, the bar of Belknap County 
placed a portrait of Judge Rollins in 
the court room at Laconia in recogni- 
tion of his long and creditable judi- 
cial career. The citizens of Meredith 
should be devoutly grateful to the 
Divine Ruler of us all that it can be 
truly said of Judge Rollins who, for 
more than forty years, was their law- 
yer and friend, that he always aimed 
to prevent and heal rather than to 
promote litigation ; that he advised 
the settlement of disputes, though it 
might be against, his pecuniary inter- 
est, and so guided the cause of the 
unfriended that no one should feel 
the weight of unjust expense. 

IIox. Thaddeus S. Moses 

Thaddeus S. Moses, for many years 
one of Meredith's foremost citizens, 
son of William and Abigail Dar- 
ling (Kenniston) Moses, was born at 
Campton, N. II., January 28, 1835, 
and was educated in the common 
schools of Plymouth and the academy 
at Laconia. When a young man he 
learned the trade of tinsmith at Ply- 
mouth. In 1860 he removed to Mere- 
dith where he bought out a tin, stove 
and hardware business, which he car- 
ried on successfully for over forty 



years. He was an enterprising and 
prosperous citizen and had the confi- 
dence of his fellow townsmen to a very 
high degree. 

In polities he was a Democrat. 

He was a member of the board of 
selectmen several terms; was town 
treasurer ten years and was represen- 
tative from Meredith to the general 
court one term. In 1888 was elected 
state senator from the Fifth Senato- 
rial District of which Meredith was 
tli en a part, serving in the first sen- 
ate under the twenty-four- district 
arrangement. He was also a member 
of the building committee which had 
charge of the construction ' of the 
Belknap County court house at La- 
conia. In his religious faith he was 
a Baptist, and for many years was a 
deacon in the church at Meredith. 

Mr. Moses married, February 22, 
1862,. Emily S. Currier, daughter of 
Aaron and Anna (Hoag) Currier, 
who was born November 26, 1840. 
Of this marriage there were four chil- 
dren—William H. of Tilton, N. H. ; 
Geneva A., now wife of Dr. Frederick 
L. Hawkins of Meredith ; Chester S. 
of Chicago, 111.; and Mina M., wife 
of Frank H. Shumway of Meredith, 
now deceased. 

Thaddeus S. Moses died January 
13, 1902. 

Judge Bertram Blaisdell 

The only lawyer located in Mere- 
dith for some years past is Bertram 
Blaisdell, the son of Philip D. and 
Jane Leavitt Blaisdell, who was born 
in Meredith April 13, 1869. After 
attending the public schools he pre- 
pared for college at Tilton Seminary 
and was graduated from Brown Uni- 
versity in the class of 1892. He was 
principal of Meredith High School 
1892-95. Studied law with Hon. S. 
W. Rollins and was admitted to the 
bar in 1897, when he opened an office 
in Meredith and has continued to 
practice to the present time. 

He has served as a member of the 
school board and one of the trustees 



54 



Th e. Gra n its, Mo n th hj 



of the Meredith Village Savings 
Bank, lie is a member of Chocorua 
Lodge No. 83, A. F. & A. M., and of 
the Congregational Clrureta 

Mr. Blaisdell was recently ap- 
pointed, by the Governor and Coun- 



life of the community. John F. was 
born here on April 8, 1S59. He was 
educated in the village schools, Triton 
Seminary and Yale College, graduat- 
ing from the latter in 1SS2. Making- 
choice of business as his life work, he 
was engaged for about three years 
after graduation with banking insti- 
tutions in Boston, New* York City and 
Buffalo. Upon the death of his fa- 
ther, in 1885, he returned to Meredith, 
in conjunction with his sister, Eva J., 
now Mrs. Odell, took charge of the 
business which the former had con- 
ducted. The estate has been owned 
by them together, without division, up 
to the present time. 

. Mr. Beede has been an officer of the 
Meredith Village Savings Bank since 
1885, and has been president of the 
same for the past ten years. He is 
a director of the People's National 



\ 



V. 






Judge Bertram Blaisdell 

eil, special justice of the Laconia 
District Court, established under the 
act of the last legislature, includ- 
ing in its jurisdiction the city of 
Laconia and the towns of Meredith, 
New Hampton, Gilford and Center 
Harbor. 

John F. Beede 

John Fred Beede, one of the lead- 
ing business men of his town and 
county, belongs to one of the older 
families of the state, and is the fourth 
John Beede, in direct succession. 
His great-grandfather, John Beede, 
who was of English stock, cleared a 
farm in the town of Sandwich, where 
his grandfather also resided. His 
father, John W. Beede, came to Mere- 
.dith in 1850 and died there in 1885. 
He was a merchant, and prominent 
citizen, active and influential in the 



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■'-.fi 

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John F. Beede 

Bank at Laconia, a trustee of Til- 
ton Seminary, and has been a stock- 
holder and director in many local 
enterprises. He is president of the 
Congregational Society of Meredith 
Village; is a Republican politically, 



Meredith 



bo 



and has been many years at the head 
of the loeal organization of the party 
— an earnest worker but never aspir- 
ing to office. In 1901 lie married 
Martha. B., daughter of Hon. Wood- 
bury L. Meleher of Laconia. They 
have two children, Frances Melcher, 
aged ten years, and John Woodbury, 
seven. 



/-• 






'V-.. 

Mrs. Eva Beede Odell 



¥ 




native of Laconia, and for the past 
three years her home has been in 
Brookline, Mass., where her husband 
is the pastor of St. Mark's Methodist 

Episcopal Church. 

She has published a volume of dia- 
lect stories, entitled "Eoxy's Good 
Angel and Other New England 
Tales," and a volume of poems, en- 
titled "Winnipesaukee and Other 
Poems." She has also been a con- 
tributor to various papers and maga- 
zines, among them The Granite 
Monthly. 

Dr. Frederick L. Hawkins 

Frederick Lewis Hawkins, M. D., 
a Meredith's leading physician, was 
born in this town April 14, 1861. 
His father, William H. Hawkins, en- 
listed in Co. I, Twelfth Regiment, 
New Hampshire Volunteers, and died 
June .16, 1863, from wounds received 
at the battle of Chancellorsville. His 
mother, Helen Emery, daughter of 
Jonathan Emery, only survived her 
husband six years. The doctor at- 
tended the schools of his native town, 
and Tilton Seminary, which he left 
to take up his studies at Jefferson 



Mrs. Eva Beede Odell, one of Mere- 
dith's most talented daughters, was 
educated in the schools of Meredith, 
at Tilton Seminary and at Wellesley 
College. She taught for a number of 
years at Tilton and at other Metho- 
dist seminaries, and was for several 
years preceptress at the Centenary 
Collegiate Institute, Hackettstown, 
N. J. 

On a trip abroad she visited nine 
foreign countries and after her return 
gave travel talks upon these lands, 
always claiming that she never any- 
where found scenery so beautiful as 
that of our own Winnipesaukee re- 
gion. For some years she was a mem- 
ber of the Woman's Progress Club of 
Meredith, and has ever retained her 
interest in her native town. She mar- 
ried Rev. Willis P. Odell, Ph. D., a 



Dr. Frederick L. Hawkins 

Medical College, Philadelphia. In 
1886 he was graduated from the same, 
and in the fall began the practice of 
medicine in Meredith, where he has 
been located ever since. 

On October 19, 1889, Doctor Hawk- 
ins and Geneva Moses, daughter of 



56 



The Granite Monthly 



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Residence of Dr. Hawkins 



Thaddeus S. Moses, were united in 
marriage. Five children came to 
bless their home. Helen Emily, now 
the 'wife of Leander G. Pynn ; Ruth 
Charlotte, a teaelier in Meredith in 
the 3d and 4th grades; Marguerite, 
who died December 16, 1910; Fred- 
erick Lewis, Jr., who died April 14, 
1900, and Freda Elizabeth, a school 
girl of twelve years. The first few 
years of married life were spent in a 
hired house, then he purchased the 
house and lot at the corner of Main 
and Waukewan Streets, and in a few 
years the old house was replaced by 
their present home as seen elsewhere. 
In 1909 the doctor bought the build- 
ing at the corner of Main and "Water 
Streets, and two years later built the 
cement business block, in place of the 
old building, which gives a commodi- 
ous and central location for the post 
office, dry goods store, dentist and 
lawyer's offices. 

Fred M. Wadleigh 

A representative of Meredith who 
made a success in the legal profession 
was Fred M. Wadleigh, a native of 
the town, son of Martin L. and Susan 



(Parker) Wadleigh, born June 27^ 
1846. He pursued the study of law 
and was admitted to the Belknap 
County bar at Laconia, October 1, 
1S69. He settled in the practice of 
his profession at Battle Creek, Mich., 
where he continued with much sue- 



\ 




W 



Fred M. Wadleigh 



Meredith 



57 



cess, gaining a high reputation as a 
practitioner. lie married Miss Hattie 
Foster of Vermont, whom he met in 
the West. He died June 30, 1913, at 
Los Angeles, CaL, leaving one daugh- 
ter, Louise F. 



AMONG THE FARMERS 
Hon. Andrew L. Felker 

The most conspicuous citizen of 
Meredith at the present time, unques- 
tionably, is Andrew L. Felker, re- 
cently appointed by the Governor 
and Council to the important office 
of Commissioner of Agriculture — the 
head of the department having in 
hand the promotion of the interests 
of the great basic industry of the 
country, so far as the state of New 
Hampshire is concerned, and in which 
the town of Meredith is largely and 
vitally interested. 

Mr. Felker is a native of the town 
of Barrington, born July G, 1S69, the 
son of Andrew Jackson and Lydia A. 
(Seavey) Felker. He received his 
early training at the knee of one of 
the best mothers that ever lived, and 
at the "Pond Hill" Schoolhouse in 
Barrington, where the famous "Pond 
Hill Lyceum" used to be held. Later 
he attended Austin Academy, Straf- 
ford, and in 1889 entered New Hamp- 
ton Institution, from whose literary 
and commercial departments he holds 
diplomas. 

With the exception of three years 
lived in Rochester, he has spent his 
entire life, since leaving school,' in 
farming, the last seventeen years upon 
the farm which is his present home, 
in the southeastern part of Meredith, 
two miles from the Center and six 
from Meredith Village, and not far 
from Lake Winnisquam, where he has 
been engaged in mixed farming, with 
no particular specialty, a good stock 
of cattle, largely Hereford, usually 
being. kept. In the season he fur- 
nishes supplies to a considerable ex- 



tent, to the summer dwellers on the 
shores of "Winuisquam. 

Mr. Felker lias been deeply inter- 
ested in the work of the Orange for 
many years, being a member of TA r ic- 
was Lake Grange at Meredith Center, 
of which he has been Master. At the 
thirty-sixth annual session of the New 
Hampshire State Grange, in Decem- 
ber, 1909, he was chosen Lecturer, 
and for four years devoted a large 
snare of his time to the work of that 
office and the service of the order in 
promoting the educational advance- 
ment of the farmers of the state, 
which experience must prove of no 
little advantage in the successful ad- 
ministration of the office to which he 
has just been appointed. The confi- 
dence of his fellow-workers in his 
ability and devotion is shown by the 
fact that he had large support, on the 
part of the best farmers in the order, 
for Master at the last election, en- 
tirely unsolicited, and was chosen 
Overseer with practical unanimity. 

His standing in the town is shown 
by the fact that he has served two 
years as a member of the board of 
selectmen, and ten years on the school 
board, of which he is now chairman. 
He is a Democrat in politics, a Mason 
and an active member of the Free 
Baptist Church at Meredith Center, 
of which his wife and two oldest sons 
are also members. 

He married, December 5, 1894, Eva 
J. Perkins, daughter of Benjamin 
Perkins of Meredith. They have 
three sons — Louis Keith, born Decem- 
ber 28, 1S95; Harold Perkins, born 
April 20, 1898, and "Walter Andrew, 
born November 1, 1907. The two 
older boys are now in school at New 
Hampton. 

Mrs. Felker is a true helpmeet, sym- 
pathizing fully with her husband in 
all his work and plans. She is also 
active in Grange work, and has filled 
various offices, including that of Mas- 
ter, in her subordinate Grange for the 
past term. 



5S The Granite Monthly 



/ 



A 



\y 



ated about a mile out of the village 

i^ upon the Center Harbor road, com- 

-\ mandin% a fine view of the bay and 

\ surrounding scenery. He received a 

\ good practical education, having grad- 

4 \ uated at the Meredith High School 

A + '"| " r \ and the Commercial College at New 

I It I Hampton. He married Lucv M. R. 

| fc 4 Neal of Tuftonborough in 1901. They 

have one son, William J. Neal. 

Mr. Xeal is a member of Winnipe- 

saukee Grange, and was master of that 

organization in 1901 and 1902. He is 

| a Democrat in politics and lias served 

W ■ as selectman of the town eight years, 

i * • being now chairman of the board, and 

/ / in other town offices. 

■ v % f W He was appointed a member of the 

V XI W Board of Agriculture for Belknap 

W County in 1912, serving until the 

..\>.> ■■*" board was legislated out of existence 

wuiiam h. Neal * a . st September. He is a member and 

vice-president of the New Hampshire 
Meredith farmers have long ranked Dairymen's Association, and a di- 
among the most successful cattle rector of several big feir associations, 
breeders in this part of the country. Not only is Mr. Neal a prominent eiti- 
In the front rank in this respect at the zen of Meredith, public spirited and a 
present time is William H. Neal, son pusher for the good of the town, but 
of William and Mary E. (Smith) is widely known all. over New Eng- 
Neal, who was born July 5, 1871, on land as a successful farmer, cattle 
the farm where he now resides, situ- breeder and dealer in live stock. 



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Farm Home of William II. Neal 



Meredith 



59 



Since 1895 he has been a breeder of 
Devon cattle and has developed one of 
the best herds of that breed in the 
United States, carrying off the honors 
at all the big western fairs as well as 
those of New England. In 1909 he 
took a carload of thoroughbred Devon 
cattle to the Pacific Coast, showing at 
the California, Oregon and Washing- 
ton fairs. He won blue ribbons in 
nearly all the classes in which he ex- 
hibited and completed his string of 
victories by winning over many com- 
petitors at the Alaska- Yukon-Pacific 
Exposition at Seattle, and is now mak- 



thrifty farmers of Meredith, and his 
farm, overlooking the water, between 
Meredith Village' and "The Weirs," 
is accounted one of the most valuable 
in the county. He was formerly a 
large breeder of Hereford cattle, and 
his stock was shown extensively at the 
fairs. He married Miss Jane "Wad- 
leigh of Meredith, now deceased. He 
has a son, J. Frank Neal of Boston, 
distributing agent for the Standard 
Oil Company, and two daughters — 
Mrs. C. A. Clark of Laconia, and 
Sarah E. Xeal, at home. The latter 
is an active worker in Winnipesaukee 



- 



The John M. Neal Farm, Overlooking the Lake 



ing preparations for the Panama Ex- 
position in 1915. He also has a herd 
of thoroughbred Holsteins. 

Mr. Neal runs a retail milk business 
in town, supplying his customers with 
about 350 quarts per day. He is ac- 
tively engaged in the buying and sell- 
ing of live stock, shipping one or 
more carloads each week to Boston 
markets, and is considered one of the 
best judges of weights and quality in 
that line of business. 

Jonx M. Neal 

John M. Neal, son of Joseph, one 
of the early settlers, is one of the 
most prosj^erous among the many 



Grange, of which her father was a 
charter member. He is a Baptist in 
church affiliation and independent in 
politics. 

The Davis Stock Farm 

One of the best known stock farms 
in central New Hampshire is the 
Davis Stock Farm in Meredith, on 
the Center Harbor road, of which 
Capt. C. E. Davis and his son, Ed- 
ward P. ; are the proprietors, the lat- 
ter being the manager, Captain Davis 
spending the most of his time in busi- 
ness in Boston. This farm, which in- 
cludes 75 acres of tillage land, 110 of 
pasture and 120 of wood and timber, 



60' 



The Granite Monthly 



mk 



.:: ...'-. .- 



_._..- ...,_•_ . . ...: i . :-. 



Haying ou the Davis Stock Farm 



has been greatly improved in the last 
ten years, its hay product having been 
increased from 15 tons per annum to 
85 tons, while the corn crop has also 
come to be an important asset. Much 
attention is given to the breeding of 
improved stock, including Devon cat- 
tle and Morgan and Percheron horses. 
A splendid specimen of the latter is 
shown in the young black Stallion, 
"Col. Dorval/' 27 months old weigh- 
ing 1100 pounds. 



', Arthur S. Moulton 

Another successful Meredith farmer 
is Arthur S. Moulton, a son of Gen. 
Jonathan Moulton of Moultonbor- 
ough, born April 12, 1859. He mar- 
ried Laura Burleigh in September, 
1884, and has a 200-acre farm of 
which 35 acres is in. tillage; keeps 
twenty-five head of Hereford cattle 
and half a dozen horses, and accom- 
modates epiite a number of summer 







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The Arthur S. Moulton Place 



Meredith 



61 



boarders. He also supplies milk for 
Camp Anawan, of twenty-five girls, 
on Lake "Whmipesaukee. He is a 
Congregationalist, a Democrat, has 

been twice a member of the board of 
selectmen, and has charge of building 
the state road in town. 

HOLLIS L. \YlGiUX 

The second member of Meredith's 
hoard of selectmen, of which William 



\ 



/ 



\ 



• 



Hollis L. Wi£gin 



II. Neal is chairman, is Hollis L. 
"Wiggin, another enterprising young 
farmer, son of Edwin F. "Wiggin, long 
known as one of the most prosper- 
ous and successful agriculturists and 
stock breeders in the state, whose fine 
Durham herds have carried off first 
prize at many a New Hampshire 
and New England fair. The Wiggin 
farm, of which Hollis L. is now the 
foreman, his father having earned a 
respite from the details of manage- 
ment, is located on the Laconia road 
with fine surrounding scenery. It 
contains many hundred acres, of 
which about seventy-five are under 
cultivation, the product of which is 
surpassed by few equal areas in the 
country. The general .equipment of 
the farm, which includes accommoda- 



tions for a goodly number of summer 
boarders, is of the best in all respects. 

Lewis A. Higgixs 

The third member of the board of 
selectmen, is Lewis A. Higgins, a 
native of Limington, Me., born De- 
cember 30, 1866, but a resident of 
Meredith for the last twenty years. 
He, also, is a successful farmer, with 
a well-stocked and well-cultivated 
farm of one hundred and fifty acres, 
dairying and pork production being 
his specialties. Honesty and indus- 
try are his characteristics, and his 
standing in the community is indi- 
cated by his three successive unani- 
mous elections to the position he now 
holds. 

Charles N. Roberts 

Meredith's representative in the 
last legislature was Charles N. Rob- 
erts. He is a native of the town, born 
January 29, 1S69 ; a Democrat in poli- 
tics, educated in the common schools 
and classed in the "Brown Book" 
as a farmer, merchant and manufac- 
turer. He served on the committee 
on towns. He is a Mason, and has a 
wife and three children. 



M. 



,A, 



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■■^iii! 



Charles N. Robert; 



62. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



GEN. CHARLES S. COLLINS 

Gen. Charles S. Collins of Nashua, long a 
prominent citizen, and familiarly known as 
Dr. Collins, died at his home in the southern 
part of the city November 16, 1913, after a 
long illness. 

Dr. Collins was a native of the town of 
Grafton, born April 21, 1S53. the family 
subsequently removing to Loudon. He was 
educated at Colby Academy and Boston Uni- 
versity, studied medicine and engaged in 
practice in Nashua in 1S73, continuing till 
1883, when he retired from practice, having 
become a large owner in a mineral water 
business, of which he was general manager, 
the product being widely known as ' ' Lon- 
donderry Lithia. ' ' 

He had been promiueut in public and 
political life, had served in both branches of 
the Nashua city government and of the state 
legislature; was commissary general on the 
staff of Gov. Nahum J. Bachelder, and was 
himself a prominent candidate for the Re: 
publican gubernatorial nomination in 1904. 
He had been twelve years a member of the 
Nashua Board of Education, and president' 
of the same. He had been president of the 
Nashua Board of Trade, and of the State 
Board, in whose work he took a deep in- 
terest. 

His home at South Nashua was formerly 
the old "Little Tavern," which lie had 
transformed into an elegant establishment, 
which he called ' ' Charlesmont. " He had 
bought much surrounding land, fitted up 
handsome giounds, and engaged extensively 
in breeding fancy poultry, being president 
of the Nashua Poultry Association at the 
time of his death. He was also a good deal 
of a sportsman and for some years owned 
the Nashua baseball team in the New Eng- 
land League. 

Dr. Collins married, in 1893, Miss Anna 
L. King, daughter of Aaron King of Nashua. 
who died leaving one son, "William King 
Collins. In 1S99 he married Mis- Eleanor 
Carey, who survives him, with three sons — 
Charles S., Philip T. and Russell S. Collins. 

ERANK E. BARNARD 
Frank E. Barnard, born in Franklin Feb- 
ruary 17, 1871, died at Winchester, Mass., 
September 13, 1913. 

Mr. Barnard was the son of the late Hon. 
Daniel Barnard, once attorney-general of 
New Hampshire. He was educated at 
Phillips Exeter Academy and Dartmouth 
College, graduating from the latter institu- 
tion in 1891. He studied law, was admitted 
to the bar in 1^94, and for some time pre- 
vious to his death had been in practice in 
Boston, in partnership with Isaac F. Paul, 
his residence being in Winchester. 
He left a daughter and two sons. 



HON. FRANKLIN P. GOODAEL 

Hon. Franklin P. Goodall of Holyoke. 
Mass., a native of the town of Peering, 79 
years of age, died September 19, 1913, at his 
summer home on the old family homestead in 
Deering. He had been a resident of Hol- 
yoke nearly half a century, where he was for 
many years engaged in business as a drug- 
gist. He was a member of the Holyoke city 
council several years, and its president in 
1878. In 1881- he was elected mayor, serv- 
ing one term. He was the oldest surviving 
ex-mayor of the city at the time of his. 
death. He had never married, and left no 
relatives nearer than nieces. He had always 
spent his vacations upon the old farm in 
Deering, owned by his father and grand- 
father, and which continued in his posses- 
sion. 

MOSES A. PACKARD 

Moses A. Packard, one of the pioneer shoe 
manufacturers of Brockton, Mass., died at 
his home in that city November 22, 1913. 

Mr. Packard was a native of New London, 
N. IE, Where he was born in 1S43, his par- 
ents removing to North Bridgewater, now 
Brockton, Mass., when he was quite young. 
His father was a shoemaker and he was 
brought up to the business, following the 
same through life, except for about a year 
during the Civil War, when he was in the 
Union service. After several years he 
adopted the plan of making a special shoe 
and advertising it extensively, which plan he 
followed with much success, being the first 
to adopt it. His firm w-as that of M. A. 
Packard & Co., and was long a leading firm 
in Brockton. 

Mr. Packard was a Mason, a member of 
Fletcher Webster Post, G. A. R., and had 
been a member of the Brockton Board of 
Aldermen. 

DR. THOMAS O. REYNOLDS 

Thomas Osgood Reynolds, M. D., for more 
than forty years a prominent physician of 
the town of Kingston, died at his home in 
that town December 11, 1913. 

Dr. Reynolds was a native of the town of 
Chester, a son of Rev. Thomas F. and Mary 
(Currier) Reynolds, born December 24, 1842, 
and was educated in the public schools and 
Chester Academy. He enlisted as a private 
in the Eleventh New Hampshire Regiment 
in the Civil War, August 26, 1S62, serving 
until after the fall of Vicksburg, and being 
twice wounded, when he was detailed as a 
clerk in the general hospital at Camp Nelson, 
soon being promoted to chief clerk, and com- 
mencing the study of medicine under Dr. A. 
0. Rankin, assistant surgeon in the United 
States Arm\ r . Here he remained till mus- 



New Hampshire Necrology 



63 



tered out in May, IS65. Camp Nelson being 
assigned as hend.y.-.arters °^ the Friedman's 
bureau in Kentucky, he was appointed as- 
sist:! nt surgeon, with the rank and pay of a 
lieutenant, couthming until the camp "was 
discontinued in December, 1S65. Returning 
home he took a coarse in surgery at Bellevne 
Medical College. New York City, and com- 
pleted a medical course at Albany, graduat- 
ing December 24. 1>66. After a year of 
travel through phe West he located, for 
practice, at Port llurou, Mich., but, the cli- 
mate disagreeing with him, he returned to 
New Hampshire, locating in Kingston in 
3 >70, wheie he continued through life. 

He was a Republican in politics, strongly 
interested in public affairs but not an office 
seeker or holder. He was a trustee of Kings- 
ton Academy and of the Nichols Memorial 
Library. He was active in Masonry and a 
member of the Congregational Society of 
Kingston. 

On July 13, 1870. he married Miss M. 
Fannie Smith of Raymond, who survives, 
with one daughter. Mrs. Edwin S. Folsom of 
Epping. 

JOHN W. STAPLES, M. D. 

Dr. John W. Staples, one of the most 
prominent physicians of the state, died sud- 
denly in his office at Franklin on the evening 
of December 11. 1913, apparently having 
been stricken with heart failure while read- 
ing a letter, having just taken his mail from 
the post office. 

John Walter Stap&s was born in Well?, 
Me., January 2.">. 1855, a son of John and 
Ann (Wells) Staples. He. graduated from 
Berwick Academy in 1S72, and Dartmouth 
College in 1S76. In 1880 he graduated from 
Vermont University Medical College, pursu- 
ing post graduate work at Johns Hopkins, 
"the Massachusetts General Hospital and in a 
New York hospital, and then locating in 
practice in Franklin, where he continued 
with much success. 

Dr. Staples had been for seventeen years 
a member of the Franklin Board of Educa- 
tion, He had also been a member of the 
city coum il and the board of water com- 
nissioners, and a trustee of the public 
library. H e was the treasurer of the Daniel 
Webster Birthplace Association, a member 
of the Americau Medical Association and an 
ex-president of the New Hampshire Medical 
Society. He was a Unitarian and a Repub- 
lican. 

He married, January 25, 1882, Martha L. 
Kimball of Haverhill, who survives him, 
With one son. Charles W. Staples of Minne- 
apolis, Minn. 

MTSS MARY C. EASTMAN 
Mary Clifford Eastman, daughter and onlv 
child of Hon. Samuel C. Eastman of Con- 
cord, and one of the best known and most 
devoted workers in the cause of charitv and 



social betterment in the Capital City, died 
on the afternoon of Christmas day, Decem- 
ber 2a, following an operation for appen- 
dicitis. 

Miss Eastman was born in Concord. May 
19, 1862. the daughter of Samuel C. and 
Mary Clifford (Greene) Eastman, and was 
educated in the Concord schools and at Yas- 
sar College. She had been prominent in the 
work of the Concord Woman 's Club, and of 
the State Federation, but her greatest work 
was in connection with the organization and 
maintenance of the Girls' Friendly Club of 
Concord, in which she was deeply interested, 
and of which she was president, giving both 
time and money freely in its aid, and leaving 
the same a substantial legacy in her will, as 
well as various other meritorious institu- 
tions. She was a modest, unselfish woman, 
seeking only the welfare of others and the 
highest good of the community, by whom 
her loss is deeply mourned. 

GEORGE A. ROBIE 

George A. Robie, a leading citizen of 
Hooksett. died at his home in that town 
December 21, 1913. 

He was a native of Hooksett and had al- 
ways resided there, where he was long 
engaged in general trade, and had been 
postmaster of the town ever since the in- 
cumbency of President Arthur. He had 
held many town offices, having been town 
clerk, auditor, selectman and representative. 
He was an active Republican, a prominent 
Odd Fellow, president of the Suite Odd Fel- 
lows Home Association and a past represen- 
tative of the grand lodge of the state. He 
was also a Patron of Husbandry and a past 
master of Hooksett Grange. 

He married, .in 1862, Angie A. Wheeler 
of Newbury, A't., who survives, with one son, 
Arthur G. Robie. 

HORACE W. WADLEIGH 

Horace Wayland Wadleigh, head of the 
well-known leather firm of H. W. Wadleigh 
& Co., o? Beach Street, Boston, died at his 
residence, 231 Commonwealth Avenue, in 
that city, December 26, 1913. 

Mr. Wadleigh was a native of Tilton, 
N. H.. born May 18, 1S48, the son of War- 
ren and Harriet (Thomas) Wadleigh. He 
was educated in the public schools and Til- 
ton Seminary, and went to Boston in early 
life, where he was for a time a clerk, but 
later engaged in the hide and leather busi- 
ness for himself, continuing with much 
success. He was a trustee of the Franklin 
Savings Bank, and a member of the Algon- 
quin, County and Merchants Clubs. He had 
a summer home on the Jerusalem Road in 
Cohasset. 

He married, in 1878, Mr3. Mary William 
Alden, who died about three years ago, leav- 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



The Governor and Council, January 10, 
organized the new Department of Agricul- 
ture, provided for by the legislature at the 
last session, by the act abolishing the old 
Board of Agriculture, which had been in 
existence since 1871, consisting of one prac- 
tical farmer from each county and a secre- 
tary elected by the board, and establishing 
a Department of Agriculture, with a com- 
missioner at its head, at a salary of $3,500 
per annum, with an advisory board, consist- 
ing of two members from each of three dis- 
tricts into which the state is divided, who 
are to receive $4 per day each, and expenses 
for such time as they are actually engaged. 
Andrew L. Felker of Meredith was named 
as commissioner, and J. W. Sanborn of Gil- 
manton, Richard Pattee of Laconia,- Her- 
bert O. Hadley of Peterborough, Etna J. 
Fletcher of Greenfield, S. O. Titus of Rollins- 
ford and Ernest B. Folsom of Dover were 
made the advisory board. Mr. Felker has 
been lecturer of the State Grange the last 
four years, and was made overseer of the' 
same at the recent annual meeting though 
supported by the best farmers in the organi- 
zation for master. He is able, ambitious 
and energetic, thoroughly devoted to the in- 
terests of New Hampshire agriculture, and 
will undoubtedly make good in the position 
to which he has been appointed. Tins place 
was. sought by Richard Pattee of Laconia, 
who was one of the persistent advocates of 
the act by which it was established, while 
Mr. Felker himself opposed it. Nevertheless 
the agricultural public and the people gen- 
erally will heartily approve the Governor's 
selection. It is understood that Commis- 
sioner Felker, who has already entered upon 
his work, is to associate with himself as an 
assistant, for a time at least, Mr. M. Gale 
Eastman, a recent graduate of the State 
College, who lias been engaged the past year 
as the government agent for agricultural 
field work in Sullivan County. Two deputy 
-commis=ioners, to have charge of the cattle 
inspection and gypsy-moth extermination 
work remain to be appointed. The first pub- 
lic work of the department will be the con- 
duct of a winter institute meeting, which 
will be held in connection with that of the 
Granite State Dairymen "s Association, at 
the Memorial Parish House in Concord, 
February 11 and 12. 



Another political campaign year, in the 
state as well as the country at large, is 
already fairly opened without the formula- 
tion of any definite plans by any one of the 
prominent political parties. This delay 
comes, unquestionably, of the change in con- 
ditions resulting from the total change in 



election methods effected by the complete 
adoption of the primary system, even United 
States senators being nominated and elected 
hereafter by direct vote of the people, and 
that, as in case of all other officers, upon 
the plurality basis. It is not as yet mani- 
fest who are the leading favorites in any one 
of the three parties — Democratic, Republi- 
can or Progressive — for any of the promi- 
nent positions to be filled, or who will 
actually enter the field for nomination, be- 
yond the fact that Col. Rufus N. Elwell of 
Exeter has announced his candidacy for the 
Republican nomination for Congress in the 
First District, and the general supposition 
that Congressman Eugene E. Reed, Demo- 
cratic incumbent, will be a candidate for 
re-election, though he may possibly aspire to 
the United States senatorship>, for which 
Congressman Raymond B. Stevens of the 
Second District has also been mentioned as 
an aspirant. Gov. Samuel D. Felker, Clar- 
ence E. Carr, Gordon Woodbury and William 
J. Ahern have all been mentioned as possi- 
ble candidates for the Democratic senato- 
rial nomination; while Councillor Daniel 
W. Badger has been spoken of for the First 
District congressional nomination of that 
party, and Mayors Barry of Nashua and 
French of Concord, and Enos K. Sawyer of 
Franklin, president of the state senate, for 
the Second, in case Messrs. Reed and Stevens 
should enter the senatorial field. Democrats 
mentioned as gubernatorial possibilities thus 
far are Senator John C. Hutchins of Strat- 
ford, and John B. Jameson of Antrim, 
chairman of the State Committee. Who will 
come forward on the Republican side, for 
governor or senator is still problematical. 
Those most mentioned for the gubernatorial 
nomination thus far are Charles S. Emerson 
of Milford and George H. Moses of Concord. 
It seems to be problematical as yet whether 
or not Senator Gallinger will be a candidate 
for the succession. If not James O. Lyford 
may enter the race for the Republican nomi- 
nation, and so may Col. John H. Bartlett of 
Portsmouth. Indeed, the latter may enter 
in any event. No one has been suggested, 
as yet, to contest with Colonel Elwell for 
the First District Republican congressional 
nomination, but in the Second District both 
Edward H. Wason and Lester F. Thurber 
of Nashua, ex-Mayor C. G. Shedd of Keene 
and Dr. E. O. Crossman of Lisbon are men- 
tioned as willing to make the run. The plan3 
of the Progressives are no more fully de- 
veloped than those of the other parties, 
though 11. D. Allison of Dublin is men- 
tioned as their possible, candidate for the 
governorship. Much depends, of course, 
upon what Messrs. Bass and Churchill, the 
recognized leaders of that party, may deter- 
mine upon as proper to be done. 



(■■ , ..-,.-,- -, .-.:■- .. „.-,, - .■ c. + 



VOL. XLVI, No. 3 



MARCH. 2914 



New Series, Vol. IX, No. 1 



V - ? 






He 

■•" '' - w ■■ I HI ; II 



■ .-. f -y.- jr 



i v a %J 1 . J . . .^4 



A New Hampshire Magazine 

ft c_> 

Devoted to History, Biography, Literature and State Progress 



m 



CONTENTS FOR MARCH 



^Sh Edward Hills WaSOIl. With Frontispiece. 

By H.C, Pearson. 

& -"-*■ .'-) A Vanished Landmark 

Illustrated, 
eg qpy 

Dover and The Quakers 

By Charles Nevera Holmes, Illustrated. 



3 SanaDee, The Beautiful 
^^ By Rev. Frank B. Fletcher. Iliustr ted 



on Test in Claremont 

X. Spofi ■" L 



(*%& The Associatio) 

>u % By Mrs. Mareia 

( '-'^> Votes For Women . . • - 

Wgj> By Wallace Du: ; 'y. 

rvlfl A Ne# Town History 

Wig Early English Eastman Records 
i*]J?i- By Chad - El. Eastman. I'lu^?. 1 ted. 

J^hjj, New Hampshire Necrology . 

r^Jjh Editor and Publisher' .*_Tl"t.Cr^_^ 

^S Poems 



i I /<_'">0. 

i o» > • i -. ■ 

7 6 1 

hi ; 

8 4. ^ 

8 8 >. - 

93 |S 

95 






By Fredei 
C. WoodH 



h, Mary H. Wheeler, Benjamin 
I 






/ !'V-. T 



Issued by The Granite Monthly Company 

HENRY H. METCALF, Editor and Manager 
TERMS: $1.00 per annum, in advance; $!.S0 if not paid in advance; Single copies, IS cents 

CONCORD, N. Km t$14 



Entered at the post office at Concord a"? second -c\x<*h mail matter. 



v--M 



1 



X 



m 



, , 



EDWARD HILLS WASON 



The Granite Monthly 



You XLVI, No. 3 



MARCH, 1914 



New Series, Vol. 9, No. 3 



LEADERS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 

XVI 

Edward Hills Wason 
By II. C. Pearson 



Any one who is well acquainted 
with the younger generation of men 
in public life in this state can name 
off-hand five important departments 
of activity, the law, agriculture, pol- 
itics, education and sports, in which 
Edward Hills Wason of Nashua is a 
New Hampshire leader. 

At forty-eight years of age Mr. 
Wason is one of the busiest and best 
known lawyers in the state; the owner 
of a large and well-stocked farm suc- 
cessfully cultivated upon modern lines; 
a valuable member of the board of 
trustees of the state's college; the 
president of two fair associations and 
an authority upon the harness horse; 
and one of the men to whom the rank 
and file of the Republican party in 
New Hampshire are looking for the 
leadership which shall renew, after 
the brief intermission of two years, 
the previously continuous record of 
four decades of victory. 
t The mental and physical vigor requi- 
site for these achievements, with the 
hard work which they have involved, 
came to Mr. Wason as an inheritance 
from five generations of New England 
fanners of the best type. James 
Wason, born in Ballymena, County 
Antrim, Ireland, in 1711, came to 
America and settled at Nottingham 
VJ est, now Hudson. His son, Lieut. 
Thomas Wason, born in Hudson, 



married Mary, daughter of Robert 
Boyd of Londonderry. The Lieu- 
tenant's son, Robert Wason, went as 
a young man to New Boston, to live 
with his uncle, Robert Boyd, upon 
the latter's farm. This, Deacon Rob- 
ert Wason inherited, and it contin- 
ued the family homestead during the 
succeeding generations. 

The youngest of the nine children 
of Deacon Robert and Nanc} r (Batch- 
elder) Wason was George Austin 
Wason, father of Edward Hills 
Wason, and if ever the truth of the 
old saying, f * like father, like son/' 
was manifested, it was in this latter 
relationship. 

George A. Wason was one of the 
most successful farmers and- breeders 
of thoroughbred Devon cattle in the 
state. He was a prominent member 
of various agricultural societies and 
of the Grange, of which order he 
served as State Master, and for twenty 
years was a trustee of the New Hamp- 
shire Agricultural College. He was 
one of the old-time Republican {, wheel- 
horses" and served his party and the 
people in town offices and as county 
commissioner, representative in the 
legislature and state senator. Always 
abreast of the developments of the 
times, he was instrumental in securing 
the charter of the New Boston Railroad 
and was its president until his death. 



66 



The Granite Monthly 



In the career thus briefly summar- 
ized we see the same qualities, strength 
of mind and muscle, love of the land 
and of animals, public spirit and serv- 
ice, leadership in all with which he 
became connected, which character- 
ize the career, as it has thus far been 
accomplished, of the son. The older 
generation of New Hampshire people 
still remember George A. Wason 
with love and respect and on his ac- 
count, if for no other reason, they 
would have a kindly feeling towards 
the ambitions of his oldest son. 

Edward Hills Wason, first child 
of George Austin and Clara Louisa 
(Hills) AVason, was born in New Bos- 
ton upon the ancestral acres Septem- 
ber 2, 1865. 

In the public schools of New Bos- 
ton and later at Frances town Acad- 
emy he prepared for entrance to the 
New Hampshire College of Agricul- 
ture and the Mechanic Arts, then 
located at Hanover, from which he 
graduated with the degree of Bach- 
elor of Science in 18S6. To the col- 
lege he has always been loyal and his 
active and influential interest in its 
welfare has proved potent in legisla- 
tive and other crises. Appreciation 
of this interest and service was shown 
by the alumni of the college when they 
elected him as their representative 
on- the board of trustees, a position 
which he has held since January 16, 
1906, the same year, by a coincidence, 
in which his father's long connection 
with the institution was brought to 
a close by death. 

Despite his scientific training, Mr. 
Wason's preference for a profession 
w r as the law T and in 1890 he received 
the degree of Bachelor of Laws from 
the Boston University Law School, 
having prosecuted "his studies, also, 
in the office of George B. French, 
Esq., in Nashua. 

While engaged in these studies he 
served for two years as principal of 
the Main Street evening school in 
Nashua and thus acquired an interest 
in the schools of that city which after- 
wards he put to good use during his 



service upon the board of education 
from 1891 to 1895, inclusive, being 
honored with the presidency of the 
board during his last year upon it. 

From the year of his graduation 
from law school and admission to 
practice in the courts of his native 
state, Mr. Wason has been engaged 
in such practice in the city of Nashua. 
For a number of years he had as a law 
partner George F. Jackson, Esq., 
under the firm name of Wason & 
Jackson, while his present associate 
in the firm of Wason & Moran is 
Thomas F. Moran, Esq. 

The practice" of these firms has been 
large, varied and successful, taking 
their members into the federal courts 
and into the jurisdictions of other 
states, while the firm names have been 
of frequent appearance on the dockets 
of the superior and supreme courts 
of New Hampshire. Though sought 
as counsel in many matters which 
never reach the courts, Mr. Wason 
is best known, perhaps, for his suc- 
cess as a lawyer in jury cases, where 
his powers as an advocate have full 
play and his keen knowledge of men 
is of constant service. 

His ability as a lawyer was recog- 
nized promptly in Nashua where he 
was elected city solicitor in 1894- 
1895; and a few years later he did 
equally good work on a similar, but 
larger scale, as solicitor of Hills- 
borough County from 1902 to 1906. 

But while the law is Mr. Wason's 
profession, in which he takes pride 
and to which he gives the best of his 
brain, of his experience and his energy, 
without stint, his real affection is for 
the farm, the soil, the life out of doors. 

He has established at considerable 
expense a model farm of large extent 
in the town of Merrimack, just north 
of Nashua, so that his farm and his 
law office may be mutually accessible, 
and there he spends as much as pos- 
sible of his time, breeding registered 
Guernseys and giving scientific farm- 
ing and stock-raising a thorough 
trial under favorable circumstances. 
His dairy barn is one of the best in 



Edward Hills Wason 



67 



the state and the general condition 
of the estate shows that it is the prop- 
erty of a man who knows what is 
needed for success in agriculture un- 
der modern conditions and who is 
able and willing to provide it. 

Another way in which Mr. Wason's 
interest in agriculture has been prom- 
inently shown has been through his 
connection with some of the principal 
agricultural fairs of the state. In 
the days when the Nashua fair was 
one of the largest and best in New 
England he Y\ r as its superintendent and 
one of the principal workers in its be- 
half. During the past winter he has 
been elected president of the New 
Oak Park Fair Association, which 
also holds an annual exhibition in 
Greenfield; and. also, of the great, but 
apparently ill-fated Rockingham Fair 
at Salem. To this last position- he 
was elected by the stockholders last 
November in the hope that the tan- 
gled affairs of the corporation might 
be straightened out and its magnifi- 
cent plant continue to be used. Later, 
when bankruptcy proceedings were 
brought against the Rockingham 
Park Company, Mr. Wason was ap- 
pointed one of its receivers so that 
he is at present connected with this 
property in a dual capacity. It is 
safe to say that if he had been the man- 
agerial head of this enterprise from 
its inception its splendid opportu- 
nities would have been more fully 
realized and differently managed. 

As is usually the case with a man 
who loves a farm, Mr. Wason also 
loves a horse. He knows a good 
horse when he sees one and he has 
owned several of them, the fastest 
being the pacer, Barney, 2:08, now 
31 years of age who enjoys spacious 
quarters in Mr. Wason's stable in 
Nashua. Well-posted in every de- 
partment of the sport of harness 'rac- 
ing Mr. Wason is in great demand as 
starting judge at fairs and race meet- 
ings, but the other demands upon his 
time are such that it is only occasion- 
ally, as a favor to friends, that he so 
officiates. 



Mr. Wason's agricultural proclivi- 
ties are something of a joke among 
his political and legal associates, who 
are accustomed, at times, to refer -to 
him as "Farmer" Wason, a title to 
which he never objects. At the end 
of the session of the legislature of 
1899, when the customary gift-mak- 
ing was in progress, Mr. Wason was 
called for and presented with due 
ceremony with a shovel, rake and hoe, 
emblematic, he was told, of the regard 
for the interests of the farmers which 
he had frequently displayed during 
the session. Mr. Wason turned the 
tables on the jokers, however, by 
accepting the tokens in a speech, 
half -humorous and half -serious, in 
which he impressed upon his hearers 
the importance to New Hampshire 
of its farming interests and the duty 
devolving upon the legislature to con- 
sider those interests more carefully 
than has at times been the rule under 
the dome. 

To be called a "Farmer" Mr. 
Wason regards as an honor, rather 
than a reproach; and he has a similar 
feeling as to the word "politician," 
which has to come to have a rather 
derogatory application, in some minds 
at least. 

Mr. Wason declares that every 
American citizen should be a poli- 
tician; that is, should take an interest 
in politics, the means and methods of 
town, city, state and national govern- 
ment, the fundamental principles of 
the great parties and their application 
to the public welfare. 

And in this matter of taking an 
active interest in politics Mr. Wason 
certainly has practiced what he has 
preached, for he has been a worker 
and a leader in the political affairs of 
his city and state from the day of his 
majority. 

In 1887, while a law student, he 
v/as elected sergeant-at-arms of the 
New Hampshire state senate for 
that longest and most momentous 
of legislative sessions in this state 
and in 1889 he was reelected to the 
same position. In 1891 he became 



68 



The Granite Monthly 



assistant clerk" of the senate and so 
served in 1893, also, becoming in 
1895 the clerk. These five terms as 
an official of the upper branch of the 
legislature gave him a knowledge of 
the principles of parliamentary law 
and of their practical application, an 
intimate acquaintance with the act- 
ual processes of legislation, which 
was to be of great value to him in his 
subsequent career. There is no better 
parliamentarian in New Hampshire 
today than Edward H. Wason. 

His public service as a member of 
the Nashua board of education and 
as city and county solicitor has been 
mentioned. In 1897- 1898 he was 
president of the common council of 
the city of Nashua and in the latter 
year he was elected to represent his 
ward in the state legislature. There 
he rendered efficient service in the 
judiciary committee room, under 
Chairman A. T. Baxchelder,. and on' 
the floor of the house, where he was 
prominent in the debates upon the 
many important matters which came 
before that General Court. 

Ten years later Mr. Wason re- 
turned to the state house as a mem- 
ber of the legislature of 1909 in 
which he continued and repeated 
his good work of the decade before, 
with the addition that he served as 
chairman of the committee on agri- 
cultural college as well as on the 
judiciary committee. 

In the election of 1908 the Re- 
publican party in New Hampshire 
had taken advanced ground upon 
many political principles. When it 
came to redeeming in the legis- 
lature its platform "pledges of the 
campaign some leaders were re- 
calcitrant. Not so with Mr. Wason. 
While personally he was not entirely 
convinced of the wisdom of some of 
the experiments which his party had 
promised to try, he felt that by be- 
coming a candidate for office on the 
party platform he had given his 
personal word to do his best to put 
that platform's declarations into 
effect, and that word he kept. 



Good roads upon a practical, 
economical and efficient basis always 
have been one of Mr. Wason's 
hobbies and a bill introduced by him 
at the legislative session of 1899 for 
a 22-rnile state highway from the 
Maassaehusetts state line through 
Nashua to M an Chester was one of 
the beginnings of our present state 
highway legislation. And in 1909 
he was one of the leaders in the suc- 
cessful fight for the million dollar 
three trunk line highways proposi- 
tion which has worked out so satis- 
factorily. 

Mr. Wason was elected a delegate 
to the convention which met in 1902 
to prepare and submit to the people 
amendments to the constitution of 
the state. He was appointed a 
member of the committee, of which 
Hon. William E. Chandler was 
chairman, upon time and mode of 
submitting to the people the amend- 
ments agreed to by the convention. 
He took a prominent part in the pro- 
ceedings of the convention, espe- 
cially with reference to the vexed 
question of the basis of representa- 
tion in the legislature. 

Ten years later, when the consti- 
tutional convention of 1912 was 
called by vote of the people, Mr. 
Wason again was a delegate from his 
Nashua ward. This time he was 
made chairman of the committee 
on rules, and served, also, on the 
committee on legislative department, 
which had in charge the important- 
matter, previously mentioned, of the 
size of the General Court. 

The fact that forty-nine refer- 
ences follow Mr. Wason's name in 
the index of the official journal of the 
convention shows his activity and 
interest in its work. He introduced 
into the convention the amendment 
giving women the right of suffrage 
and made the final speech of the 
long and able debate upon its merits. 
Questions of taxation, of police court 
jurisdiction and of the removal of the 
religious qualification from the Bill of 
Rights also engaged his attention. 



Edward Hills Wason 



69 



Soon after the final ad jour anient 
of the constitutional convention of 
1912 Mr. Wason returned to Con- 
cord as a member of the house of 
representatives in the legislature of 
1913. Throughout that prolonged 
and remarkable session Mr. Wason 
was assiduous in attendance and 
untiring in effort. Because of his 
ability and experience and because 
of the fact that he had been a leading- 
candidate for the Republican nomi- 
nation for speaker of the house, lie 
was recognized as one of the minority 
leaders and in that capacity kept a 
watchful eye upon the proceedings 
and took a frequent and vigorous 
part in debate. Even more time 
and labor, however, were required by 
his membership upon the judiciary 
committee, which* of late years, 
either originates or passes upon 
practically all important legislation 
with the exception of the appropri- 
ation bills. 

Mr. Wason's work and record at 
the session of 1913 made his place 
secure among the leaders of the 
Republican party in New Hamp- 
shire. His wide knowledge of men 
and affairs, supplemented by special 
study of the pressing problems of the 
day, has made him well informed 
ui)on all important subjects of polit- 
ical discussion. Quick of wit, sharp 
in retort, alert in thought, fluent 
in speech, a natural orator raid de- 
bater, he is seen at hi? best in the 
running fire of daily legislative 
routine; and yet he is in demand as 
an orator of occasion and never 
fails to satisfy -his friends and 
admirers when the necessities of the 
case call for the preparation of 
elaborate and considered remarks, 
such as Memorial Day and Old 
Home Da}* addresses. 

Mr. Wason is of so attractive a 
personality that with him in most 
cases acquaintanceship and friend- 
ship are practically identical. More 
than six feet in height and of propor- 
tionately robust stature, he makes 
the most of that advantage in public 



life which commanding personal 
presence gives. 

A most agreeable companion and 
fond of social life, Mr. Wason is a 
member of many fraternal organi- 
zations, including Rising Sun Lodge, 
A. F. and A. M., of Nashua, of which 
he is a past master; Meridian Sun 
Royal Arch Chapter, of Nashua; 
Israel Hunt Council, Royal and 
Select Masters, of Nashua; St. George 
Commandery, Knights Templars 
of Nashua; Edward A. Raymond 
Consistory, of Nashua: Nashua 
Lodge, Knights of Pythias; and 
Nashua Lodge of the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks, of 
which he has been exalted ruler. 
He is also a member of the Nashua 
Boat Club. 

A Congregationalist in religious 
belief, Mr. Wasom is a firm believer 
in the. Scriptural truth that the great- 
est virtue is charity; though in dem- 
onstrating his belief he is careful 
to heed the admonition not to let 
his left hand know* what his right 
hand doeth. He was instrumental 
and an adviser in the establishment 
and incorporation of the Nashua 
Emergency Hospital and served as 
its clerk and trustee for a number of 
years. The donor of the John M. 
Hunt Home for the Aged consulted 
Mr. Wason and made known to him 
her desires and wishes, and through 
his judgment and foresight, the 
Home has been established and is 
one of the most useful of the phil- 
anthropic institutions of the city. 
With all details concerning this 
Home, Air. Wason has been in close 
touch and to his credit it may be 
said, that the donor's wishes have 
been fulfilled without delay or mis- 
fortune or misguidance in any partic- 
ular. It stands in the second city 
as a monument to the memory and 
judgment of the donor, the late 
Mary A. Hunt. Of this institution, 
Mr. Wason has been the clerk an I 
trustee since its organization. 

In addition to his legal profession 
and his farm holdings Mr. Wason 



'70 The Granite Monthly 

has various business interests, some be a candidate this year for the R'e- 

of which arc shown by his presidency publican nomination in the Second 

of the City Institution for Savings, New Hampshire Congressional Dis- 

of Nashua: his presidency of the trict. If, in due time, this report is 

Nashua Coal & Coke Company; followed by formal announcement to 

and his treasurership of the Nashua the same effect, the good friends Mr. 

Driving Park Association. Wason has made in times past in 

At this writing public interest is every town in the district will be 

newl}' centered upon Mr. Wason be- heard from in enthusiastic support 

cause of the widely published, and as of a man so worthily representative 

widely welcomed, report, that he may of his party, the people and the state. 



THE BLACKSMITH'S SHOP OVER THE WAY 

By Frederick Myron Colby 

The blacksmith's shop stands over the way, 

It has stood there this many a day ; 
A cheery place in cold or in rain, 
With its gleam of light thro' the window pane, 

The sleds and carts by the open door, 

And the blacksmith's hammering o'er and o'er; 
Yes, a joyous place in. the evening gray 
Is this blacksmith 's shop just over the way. 

In summer and winter, by day and night, 
There flashes those spectral gleams of light; 
Rings out the chorus on iron and steel, 
From well aimed strokes that stout arms deal ; 
As, earning his bread by the sweat of his brow, 
The blacksmith deals out blow upon blow; 
And I watch and list through the shadows gray 
For the light and cheer just over the way. 

"Within there is cheerful labor and light 

Flashing defiance to blackest night; 
Ajid a merry song the blacksmith sings 
As his "heavy hammer he lightly swings ; 

For he is a man of gentlest mood, 

This Vulcan in leathern apron rude ; 
Now lie stops a moment the anvil's play 
To glance at his home just over the way. 

Then there flashes a single gleam — a spark 
Like a firefly flashing in the dark, — 

A fairy presence stands in the door, 

A form I've seen there waiting before. 
Ah, Venus has visited before today 
A blacksmith's shop, so the poets say. 

"Giles, supper is ready!" a pleasing lay, 

And the light goes out from over the way. 



A VANISHED LANDMARK 



One of the notable, old-time land- 
marks of the historic City of Ports- 
mouth, which has recently been 
removed, to the regret of many though 
it had long been abandoned for use 
and fallen into decay, was the old 
hotel at the '''Plains," long known as 
the : " Globe Tavern," which had stood 
for one hundred and eighty-seven 
vears. since its erection in the fall of 



"Whereas, the general assembly of the 
Province of New Hampshire on the twenty- 
fifth day of January, 1716, made a grant 
unto Thomas Westbrook, to keep the only 
public house by himself or another at a place 
called The Portsmouth Plains in the town of 
Portsmouth, in the Province aforesaid for- 
ever, in consideration that the said West- 
brook should lay out six acres of land at the 
said Plains for in accommodation of draw- 






The Old Plains Tavern 



1726 by Thomas "Westbrook, by whom 
it was for a long time conducted, he 
having been granted by the General 
Assembly the right to keep, by him- 
self or another, the onlv public house 
at the Plains. 

A copy of an ancient document, exe- 
cuted by said Thomas "Westbrook, 
shortly before the erection of the 
hotel, recently published by the 
Portsmouth Tunes in connection with 
the announcement of the pending re- 
moval of the ruined .old building, is 
here reproduced as a matter of his- 
toric interest, as follows : 



ing up the Militia of the town or Province 
aforesaid. 

1 ' Now this instrument witnesses that tlus 
said Thomas Westbrook, for and in consid- 
eration of three acres of land, bargained, 
sold and made over to him to enable him to 
perform the consideration of the above men- 
tioned grant, by Henry Sherburne of the 
said Plains in the town and Province afore- 
said, yeomen, as by his deed bearing even 
date with these presents. He, the said 
Thomas Westbrook doth hereby give and 
grant, assign, assure, make over and confirm 
to the said Henry Sherburne, his heirs, exec- 
utors, administrators and assigns forever, 



72 



The Granite Monthly 



they or some of them paying the one-half of 
twenty shillings yearly into the treasury (or 
otherwise expressed in the grant) the full 
moiety of one-half part of the privilege of 
keeping a tavern at The Plains as amply to 
all intents and purposes as the same was 
granted to the said Westbrook by the gen- 
eral assembly aforesaid, to have and to hold 
the half of the same privilege with and the 
profits and advantages belonging to the 
same, to the said Henry Sherburne, his heirs, 
executors and administrators paying ten 
shillings per annum as aforesaid forever. 

"In testimony whereof the said Thomas 
Westbrook hath hereunto set his hand and 
affixed his seal on the thirteenth day of 
September, 1726, and in the thirteenth year 
of His Majesty King George's reign. 
1 * Thomas Westbrook. 
(L. S.) 

"Signed, sealed and delivered in presence 



of 



'El chard Waldron, Jr. 
''William Locke." 



At the time of the first settlement, 
The Times remarks, quite a village 
was built in the neighborhood of the 
Portsmouth Plains, and at the latter 
place was made the most murderous 
attack by the Indians that our history 
records. On the morning of Juno 26, 
1696, the savages fell upon the little 
settlement, burned five houses and 
nine barns, and scalped fourteen peo- 
ple. Several others were wounded, 
and still others made prisoners; but 
most of the inhabitants succeeded in 
reaching the garrison -house, after a 
desperate struggle. This garrison 
house stood in a field north of the 
present school-house. Among those 
wounded and left for dead was Mrs. 
jV'ary Brewster, who afterwards re- 
covered and became the mother of 
several children from whom are de- 
scended the Brewster family in Ports- 
mouth. 

This old Globe Tavern was the old- 
est structure in the city, at the time 



of its demolition, that had ever been 
used as a place of public entertain- 
ment. 

It was framed from timber cut near 
the site, and that it was substantially' 
built was evidenced by the long period 
of time during which it withstood the 
power of the elements. It was a 
house of no little consequence in its 
prime, and entertained many noted 
guests in its day, all through the pe- 
riod of stage travel, and was a most 
popular resort in the muster days of 
the old state militia, when Portsmouth 
Plains was one of the most noted 
training grounds in the state. 

Thomas "Westbrook, who built and 
long conducted this hotel, was a man 
of prominence in the town and prov- 
ince. He was named among the orig- 
inal proprietors of Barrington, of 
Kingswood and Londonderry, and was 
for many years a member of the 
Provincial Council. After he gave up 
the management of the tavern The 
Times says it was conducted by Rich- 
ard Tucker. Then Elias Libbey was 
landlord in 1812, and from that time 
up to his death in 1S35. Following 
Mr. Libbey was his son-in-law, Joseph 
Dennett; then T. V. Briscoll, a hat- 
ter, took it and carried on the business 
of hat and cap making there jointly 
with the tavern keeping. Others who 
ran the hotel on longer or shorter 
periods were Capt. John H. Jackson, 
father of Capt. Thomas M. Jackson of 
Summer Street, who was an officer in 
the old Rockingham Guards, later a 
colonel of the Third New Hampshire 
Regiment in the Civil War. He died 
several years ago. Then came to the 
hotel "William P. Stimpson, Amory N. 
Mason, Joseph Sherburne, John Sher- 
burne and others whose names do not 
come to mind. 

There was never any complaint that 
the uniformed militiamen, and even 
the crowds that came as spectators, 
could not get whatever " comfort'' 
w 7 as desired at three cents per comfort 
— the regular price in the olden days. 



DOVER AND THE QUAKERS 



By Charles Ncvcrs Hoi ma 



Like a patriarch of old, like a mem- 
ory from the fading past, still stands 
the Meetihg-Hduse of the Friends in 
Dover, beside the peace and silence of 
Pine HiiFs cemetery. It is truly a 
fitting and picturesque surrounding 
amid which rests this relic of days 
agone, the dignified, old-fashioned 
dwellings near by completing the 
quaintness and antiquity of this at- 
tractive spot. To the stranger, it 



when the Society of Friends was an 
influential one. Time was when its 
silent presence drew each Sabbath its 
serious-minded members, devoted to 
the religion of the "Inner Light"; 
when its seats were crowded with 
those who awaited the inspiring ad- 
vent of some devout thought; who 
came and went slowly and solemnly, 
leaving and returning to a world that 
seemed to be religiously different from 



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l^f.v 








Quaker Meeting House, Dover, N. H- 



would, indeed, be very attractive as 
he passes first the succession of old- 
time and impressive -houses, the Meet- 
in g-House whose simplicity and gen- 
eral appearance indicate what sect 
formerly worshiped under its roof, 
and, finally, Dover's beautiful ceme- 
tery that rises like a kind of knoll, its 
modern gravestones mingling here and 
there with the darker, weather-beaten 
designs of the years long ago. 

For that old Quaker Meeting- 
House is a meeting-house no more, ex- 
cept on certain rare occasions; it is 
fiot now and. has not for some years, 
peen used in regular services. It is. 
indeed, a relic of days agone, of days 



themselves. At a time when the men 
and women of America were less rest- 
less, more sincere, than the men and 
women of today; at such a time — 
long ago — that old Quaker Meeting- 
House was largely attended on Sim- 
days ; but, as the years passed on, and 
the older members, one by one, disap- 
peared from man's temporal abode, its 
assembly became fewer and fewer, its 
influence became less and less, until 
today it stands almost forsaken, be- 
side the peace and silence of the Pine 
Hill cemetery. 

It seems almost a tragedy as it 
stands there amid the traditions of its 
former history, and the mind reverts 



74 



The G ran ite 3 font hi y 



far back into the past — a past that is 
almost interwoven with the times of 
the pioneer Hiltons. For it was not 
long after these brothers had settled 
in the New World — some forty years 
— that three "traveling sisters," by 
name, Anna Coleman. Mary Tomkins, 
and Alice Ambrose, arrived in peace- 
ful Dover, and were soon persecuted 
by the bigoted authorities of that 
town. In the year 1662, Mary Tom- 
kins and Alice Ambrose landed at 
Dover, afterwards- going to what is 
now the state of Maine. They did not 
stay there long, however, but returned 
to Dover where presently an official 
order was given to the constables of 
Dover, Hampton, Salisbury, New- 
bury, Linn, Boston, as well as other 
towns, which directed that "You and 
every one of you are required in the 
King's Majesty's name to take these 
vagabond Quakers, Anna Coleman, 
Mary Tomkins and Alice Ambrose, 
and make them fast to the cart's tail, 
and drawing the cart through your 
several ' towns, to whip them upon 
their naked backs, not exceeding ten 
stripes apiece on each of them in each 
town ; and so convey them from Con- 
stable to Constable till they are out of 
this jurisdiction, as you will answer it 
at your peril; and this shall be your 
warrant. Per me, Richard "Waldeme, 
at Dover, dated December 22, 1662." 
This cruel and inhuman sentence 
was executed, as far as Major "Wal- 
derne was concerned; but the perse- 
cuted Quakeresses, after a stay in 
Kittery, returned once more to Dover, 
where they suffered further ill-treat- 
ment. Later, other Quakers were 
also ill-treated. Various punishments 
were inflicted upon them, particularly 
fines. For absence from ''orthodox 
worship," there was a fine of five 
shillings each day; for attending a 
Quaker meeting, ten shillings; for 
"entertaining a Quaker," forty shill- 
ings per hour, and it is recorded that 
a certain James Nute, for such an of- 
fence, was fined £8. Such sentences 
were strictly enforced; and the lot of 
the Quaker in the Dover of the seven- 



teenth century was not wholly a 
happy one. However, the persecu- 
tions and sufferings of these patient 
people aroused, in time, public sym- 
pathy. The Quaker was, indeed, a 
brave and martyr-loving individual. 
As has well been said: "Neither 
imprisonment, fines nor starvation 
could daunt these fearless disciples of 
the Inner Light — shew them a whip- 
ping-post, they clung to it; a prison, 
they entered it ; a halter, and they put 
their necks in it." 

Times and customs, however, 
change; and the Quaker was at last 
treated more leniently, then tolerated 
or ignored. Fines and persecutions 
were ended; and in the year 1717 — 
nearly a century after the Hiltons had 
established themselves at Dover Point 
— the town granted the Quakers ten 
acres of land for a pasture. In 1729, 
there was a petition from several 
Quakers to the Assembly, to be ex- 
empted from "gathering the Minis- 
ter's rates," as constables; and this 
petition was repeated in 1731, when 
the Assembly granted their request, 
by an enactment. In 1761, the 
Quakers of Dover again petitioned the 
Assembly, stating that they were bur- 
dened with a tax "to hire soldiers 
into the seiwice, ' ' and asking to be re- 
lieved. The Assembly also granted 
this petition. In 1788, the town voted 
to pay a certain annual amount to the 
Society of Friends as an "equiva- 
lent ' ' for what they had been required 
to contribute for a certain church 
bell ; but this sum of money ceased to 
be paid after a few years. In other 
words, the eighteenth century exhib- 
ited more and more toleration for the 
once much persecuted Quakers, and 
under such toleration and leniency 
this peace-loving sect, with its thrifty 
and industrious men and women, in- 
creased in numbers and prosperity. 

Particularly in Dover such was the 
case, it being estimated that at one 
time about one third of the population 
of this town consisted of the disciples 
of George Fox. As is well known, the 
Society of Friends became at its 



Dover and the Quakers 



75 



height very prosperous and influen- 
tial, both in England and America, 
the state of Pennsylvania bearing wit- 
ness today of its former affluence. In 

New England, the town of Dover was 
one of the strongest centers of Quak- 
erism, for. as is often the case, intol- 
eration defeats itself, and a cause or 
religion will afterwards nourish most 
strongly in the very place where it 
has been bitterly persecuted. In 
Dover, the Society of Friends in- 
creased in numbers and prospered, 
and today — although almost wholly- 
unoccupied by any descendants of 
Quakers — the quaint and old-time 
homesteads of these peaceful people 
are still in frequent evidence. And 
it requires but a glance to discern, 
although some of the dwellings have 
been, repaired or remodeled, that the 
Quakers of Dover were a thrifty and 
prosperous part of the community. 
The membership of their society con- 
tained names that still are to be seen 
in the city, and the Varneys, Pink- 
hams, Husseys. Hansons, Sawyers, and 
others, remain to remind one of the 
days when Quakerism was influential. 
One by one, the older members of the 
Meeting-House passed away, and 
their homes were transferred to other 
families. Of the group of former 
Quaker dwellings near by that simple, 
unadorned House of Worship, only 
one is now occupied by those who used 
to attend its regular services. The 
homestead of the Cartland family 
stands like a protecting neighbor to 
the small, silent Meeting-House, and 
within this homestead still survive the 
Bpirit and traditions of Quaker and 
Quakerism. 

Three different edifices have skel- 
tered in Dover its Society of Friends. 
The first Meeting-House was situated 
on Dover Neck, being mentioned in 
December 11, 1729-30, when Joseph 
w*d Elizabeth Roberts conveyed to 
"Thomas Canney and others 'of the 
Society commonly called Quakers, 
three-eighths of an acre of land, " near 
* ] -e Quaker Meeting-House. Before 



that date, however, the Society of 
Friends had held meetings, as early as 
16S0, and their first edifice was built 
prior to the year 1700. This first 
edifice on Dover Neck stood about 
half a mile distant, north of the one 
erected by the First Parish two hun- 
dred years ago; but was removed 
around 1770. About that time its 
frame and principal parts were taken 
down, and transferred across the 
river to Kittery (now Elliot), for the 
use of the society there. Another 
ed'fice of the Quakers — -their second 
Fleeting-House — is mentioned in an 
indenture of March 4, 1734-35, signed 
by Eben% Joseph, and Stephen Var- 
ney, John Twombly and others, con- 
veying land on which stood a certain 
Quaker Meeting-House. This second 
edifice was built prior to 1720, and 
stood upon the corner of Locust and 
Silver Streets, upon the site where 
Mr. Jacob K. Purington afterwards 
resided. This second edifice was a 
small one, and disappeared before the 
year 17S0. The present and third 
Fleeting-House was erected around 
1768, and is situated on what was 
Pleasant Street, now Central Avenue. 
As would be expected, it is a plain, in- 
conspicuous structure, with a porch, 
two associated doors, looking more like 
a school-house or dwelling-house than 
a meeting-house. It has undergone 
few changes and repairs since its con- 
struction; and the Quaker Meeting- 
House of today is, indeed, the Quaker 
Meeting-House of yesterday. 

Such is a very brief and rather 
hasty description of "Dover and the 
Quakers." They came, stayed, waxed 
and waned; and although in New 
England they still live, their numbers 
seem to be growing -fewer and fewer. 
But although their present existence 
in New Hampshire is few and scat- 
tered, their past cannot be forgotten. 
In Dover, where they were once 
many and influential their remem- 
brance still lingers. It is a pleasing 
recollection, a gentle and wholesome 
memory of the days long ago. 



7 6 



SUNAPEE, THE BEAUTIFUL 

By Rev. Frank B. Fletcher 



The summer season was over. One 
felt it in the north wind which, in 
spite of the warm sun of an early 
October afternoon, caused one to but- 
ton the coat after the short but stiff 
climb to the summit of the hill. Then 
again the crickets published the fact 
to each other; but hushed upon your 
near approach, and jumped about 
your feet on the warm ledge. The 
grass tops withered, sere, but still 
green at the thick bottom; the oe'ea- 



self studded thick in places with the 
little garnets which give the hill its 
name. 

Sunapee, the Beautiful ! Ah ! so 
they said in the glow of summer heat, 
as they sat on their porches in the 
dense shade that frames the water ; or 
as in most diversified craft they 
skimmed its surface; or as they 
plunged into its cooling depths, when 
the shore was thronged, and the lake 
whitened with sails, near or far: and 












"" • 



Sunapee Lake from Garnet Hill, Mount Sunapee in the Distance 



sional tiny goldenrod, still true to 
its name when most had proved dis- 
loyal; the silvery masses of everlast- 
ing; the old mullen stalks, the steeple 
chase, still retaining the form but not 
■the beauty of life; the scattered 
leaves, riding bare-back down the 
wind to join their companions below 
in their last part in Autumn's carni- 
val — all these gave consistent testi- 
mony that the witness of wind and 
crickets was true. So we insisted 
upon no farther evidence, but took 
our station upon a largo vein of 
quartz, seaming the granite cliff, it- 



the steady chug, chug, of motor boats 
grew near and passed, threading and 
crossing their thousand ways; when 
the sound of distant music stole 
across the moonlit water; when the 
little fleet of steamers plied their 
busy routes; and the cottages which 
line the shore were, like their 
occupants, clothed in summer attire. 
Ah, yes! "Well might the enthusiast 
of summer, the transient guest, ex- 
claim — *' Sunapee, the Beautiful!' 7 
But now, how changed! Will the 
test of such change be met? 

The summer season's over. Scat- 



Sunn pee, the Beautiful 



77 



tered far and wide the eager, happy 



throng of faces — returned to college 
chair, and pulpit: to office and work 
beach ; to school and home ; taking 
with them health, and strength, and 
memories that make life rich. Not a 
thread of smoke arises from even one 
of the many chimneys that show on 
yonder shore. Only back of the 
Ben Mere, at the head of the harbor, 
is there evidence that a town is near : 
and even the Ben Mere is closed. Not 
3 launch, or sail, or craft of any kind 
is to he seen. Yonder, where the fish- 



other along the surface in playful 
imitation of the earlier regatta races. 
Out on the main bod}^ of the lake, here 
and there, a white cap shows for a mo- 
ment and then disappears. In the 
near a lighthouse perches pictur- 
esquely upon a mass of half hidden 
rocks, over some of which the low 
waters whiten as the}' play. Half 
way down the lake from us the water 
is intersected to the view by a prom- 
ontory and Great Island, but shows 
beyond in calmer, because more dis- 
tant, aspect. Along the lower end, a 



i 



•. 






• 



Regatta Day at Lake Sunapee 



ing buoys bobbed with the pass- 
ing waves, where patient fishermen 
matched their powers against the 
finned beauties, a hundred feet be- 
low, now the wild ducks chum, or rise 
in startled flight. One straggler of 
the summer saunters near, pauses to 
«iap his camera, and remark on the 
beauty of the scene. 

Desolate? Ah, no! The semi-soli- 
tude but lends aid to Nature's at- 
tempt at the beautiful; for beauty 
fc&Kes time, and loves solitude. Be- 
neath spreads the blue water, never 
more so. Swept on by the north wind 
a dozen scuds of tinv waves race each 



line of smoke from a passing train 
threads its way, and one hears the 
faint sound of the whistle as it battles 
its way up the reaches of the wind. To 
the right across the harbor a path of 
trembling light, too brilliant for the 
eye, at the center most dazzling, then 
shaking itself out on either side into 
more and. more scattered sparkles of 
changing light, points to the set- 
ting sun, increasing as it Hears the 
West, and grows more golden with 
approaching sunset. Beneath the 
densely wooded shore, in strong con- 
trast, already, the dusk of evening 
shadows is suggested in midafternoon. 



The Granite Monthly 



The foliage ! To that magic word 
what sure response! At the foot of 
the ledge the sumacs flame, as enact- 
ing anew the miracle of Horeb's des- 
ert. The ferns now matted into a 
carpet of russet brown. Maples, early 
touched, almost in winter garb — al- 
most, for here and there a single leaf 
or cluster still clings to outmost 
branch. Sturdy oaks refusing to sur- 
render. The birch now is Autumn's 
king — and queen ? "Who but the birch 
in modest attire, setting off so grace- 
fully whitened stem and branches? 
In the pasture land below are some 
apple trees, showing through thick 
foliage the rosy cheek of apple ; the 
stately somberness of evergreens pro- 
miscuously scattered, and especially 
in the rear where that row of spruces 
present their jagged tops against the 
sky. Across the harbor neck Hedge- 
hog, despite its name, climbs upward 
in beauty's array, fit candidate for 
Nature's masterpiece. Far to the 
south Mt. Sunapee looms large upon 



the horizon, clothed in colors less dis- 
tinct, dark-mottled in its depressions 
and draped on its eastern slope with 
lengthening shadows. Toward the 
sunset is Aseutney, and, directly op- 
posite, Kearsarge smiling in the sun- 
light as it bids its friends good-night. 

One further touch — the clouds! 
Mostly to the northeast they lie, just 
above the horizon in cold steel gray, 
capped with an irregular line of white 
well up the sky, as though a mighty 
range of mountains reared itself 
there, crowned with eternal snow. 
Above scattered cloud thins into haze, 
itself soon to disappear in the un- 
specked blue of infinite sky. 

Verily, even more true in autumn 



than in summer, 
tribute — 



the native poet's 



'Lake of the wild-fowl, Soo-Nipi the Blest! 
Agleam in gold of summer day begun, 
liosed with the crimson ray of stooping 
sun, 
Jeweled by pallid planet in the West — 
Oh thou art beautiful, whate er the test ! ' ' 



MONADNOCK 



By Rev. A. Judson Rich* 

Nature is in her prime, her radiant hour, 
Sunborn and affluent with bloom and light, 

With thrilling life, with majesty and power, 
Robing the earth with her resplendent might ! 

It's welcome June! bxlight with charm of flowers, 
O'er mead and forest, filled with varied lay, 

Her gentle fingers weaving verdant bowers, 
Inspiring, love-sufficing, sweet June day ! 

Namesake thou art of Juno, Queen of Heaven, 
Sister and spouse of Jupi'ter the Great, 

Presiding over all in marriage given, 

"With "eyelids sweet," sealing connubial state; 

And yet, rosy-fingered Hera, thou, 

Other than tender flowers bedeck thy crown 

Hymenial, and grace thy happy brow, — 

Kind mother-Nature holds some good in frown. 

♦Read at the Reunion of the "Ministers' Union," on Pack Monadno~k in view of Grand Monadnc<>k. 



Monadnock 79 

Her garish day with gath'ring storm-cloud filled, 

Presaging tumult in cyclonic wrath, 
Shall burl destruction where the gods have willed. 

Shall strew with death the dark and raveled path ; 

But though, through field and forest torrents beat, 
It sweeps disease from off the stagnant plain ; 

And if on living hearts it stamps its feet, 
Yet death to all is peace and certain gain ! 

Commingled is the cup of human life— 

The bitter and the sweet come late or soon, 
Though with thy joy there cometli transient strife, 

Discords are needful for the perfect tune ! 

Hill and dale lend to beauty noblest form ; 

And evil often iiltimates in good, 
As peace hath kindred amity with storm, 

A truth to life, though oft not understood. 

These summer days are of inspiring Hope, 

In whose dear heart God 's wondrous life is seen, 

Earth's ripening fields with harvests ample scope, 
Beckon the soul to more attractive sheen. 

How blind and dull not to behold thy face, 

Dear God, reflected in the tender flower, 
Thy presence in the simple grass-blade trace, 

And thy love as Heaven's most regnant dower. 

Near as thou art, our life within, thus we 

May draw thee near in worship and good deed ; 

Glad service pay thee, beautiful and free, 
Fulfilment of the soul's divinest need ! 

pulsing life, great warm love to pour 
Full measure into drooping hearts, the while, 

That we may drink and live and thirst no more, 
And life 's full day with effluent joy beguile. 

Not only have we round us sun and shine, 

Warm welcome from our host and hostess here, 

But in the landscape, life's delicious wine — 
Monadnock lifted on his ancient bier ! 

Solemn, sublime, and yet with youthful mien, 

Symbol of grace and permanence of truth, 
Thy head by shoulders strong borne up serene, 

And smiling o 'er the land with tender ruth, — - 

Though rough inviting path the travelers climb, 

Beacon to beckon wanderers in the way, 
Unmoved, undaunted are thy rimes of time, — 

"Monadnock strong," Monadnock old and gray! 



SO The Granite Monthly 

To seekers of the ancient lore thou saith : 
' ' In me is genius, and wealth of years. 

Aeons of stone age, saurian, savage breath, 
Sentinel sacred which God only rears ! 

"Ye talk of late-made hooks, Assyrian, old; 

From the earth's womb came I, ere hooks were bom, 
Fresh as the morn from myriad years of mold; 

Your knowledge proud, and petty years I scorn ! 

''For I, as God's own spirit, am eterne ! 

Did ye but know it, ye are old as God : 
And yet of his eternity can learn 

Through lettering of the sweetly blooming sod ! 

"I am one with the ages, own all climes: 

Who mounts my heights, and gains my summits fair, 

Not only treads a path of ancient times. 

But finds the strength of cooling Arctic air., 

""Without me, there were no glebes, rivers' marge, 
No growing corn, nor cattle on the lea, 

No song-birds' orchestra, no city large, 
No white sails gliding the refluent sea ! 

"Mine is the sky, the broad horizon mine; 

A stair am I' toward Heaven's ample dome, 
Binding, in one, the earthly and divine, 

•A Pisgah-symbol of the soul's fair home V 

But on the heights we cannot always stand, 
Or tabernacles for sweet worship build, 

Or dream of glories of the Better Land, 
Or with the Spirit 's tide of love be filled ! 

So, from the mount's fair vision we'll descend, 
To do the work and meet the needs of men, 

Making devotion to stern Duty bend, 

And find our heaven in service, once again ! 

But not farewell to Nature's wistful child, 
Nor to the memories of these hours of light, 

This converse sweet, these visions undented, 
To meet again — we'll simply say, Good Night! 



THE ASSOCIATION TEST IN CLAREMONT, 
NEW HAMPSHIRE 

By Mrs. Marcia N. Spofford 

[Read before Samuel Ashley Chapter, D. A. R., of Claremont, January, 1914] 



The events preceding the Revolu- 
tionary War are marked "with original 
and historical succession, the data of 
which to some extent are not neces- 
sary to the subject of this sketch. 

New Hampshire's part in the colo- 
nial uprising against the authority of 
England is one to be proud of. Its 
adoption of the first constitution of 
any colony or state on January 5, 
1776, and subsequent acceptance of 
the Federal Constitution as the ninth 
colony, making the necessary two 
thirds of the original thirteen col- 
onies, places New Hampshire in the 
enviable position of true patriotism. 

It passed, in General Assembly of 
Delegates, what might be well called 
the New Hampshire Declaration of 
Independence, and known as ' : The 
Association Test," which read as fol- 
lows : 

"We, the Subscribers, do hereby 
solemnly engage and Promise that we 
will to the utmost of our Power, at 
the Risque of our Lives and Fortunes, 
with Arms, oppose the Hostile Pro- 
ceedings of the British Fleets, and 
Armies, against the United American 
Colonies. ' ' 

The First Provincial Congress of 
Delegates convened at Exeter April 
21, 1775, only two days after the bat- 
tie of Lexington. It lasted until May, 
during which period this act was 
passed, and subsequently sent to every 
town or parish, with, instructions to 
the local Committee of Safety for sig- 
nature. This committee, in Clare- 
mont, consisted of Capt. Joseph Wait, 
J nomas Gustine, Asa Jones, Jacob 
Koyce, Eleazer Clark, and Lieut. Jo- 
seph Taylor, and was returned by 
Matthias Stone and Asa Jones as 
Selectmen. 

Ensign Oliver Ashley succeeded 



Captain Wait in the Second Congress 
which began May 17, 1775, and lasted 
until September 2. The Third Con- 
gress commenced October 31, and 
ended November 16, 1775, resolving 
itself into a House of Representatives 
December 21, 1775, and they in turn 
became a General Committee of 
Safety for the colony, consisting of 
three members of ''The Council' 5 and 
six members of c ' The Assembly, ' ' over 
which Hon. Mesheck Wearc was 
elected president. They appointed 
justices of the peace, recorders of 
deeds, judges of probate, coroners, and 
appointed or elected all other officials, 
including the armed forces. As ci The 
Colony of New Hampshire" they is- 
sued on the credit of the same colo- 
nial currency exceeding in value one 
hundred thousand dollars. 

Capt. Joseph Wait was a member, 
as has been stated, from Claremont, in 
the First Provincial Congress, and at 
that time was elected to the position 
of colonel of a regiment for the inva- 
sion of Canada, but later assumed the 
rank of lieutenant colonel, and of him 
we shall make later mention. 

The Association Test was submitted 
to all male inhabitants, over twenty- 
one years of age, in every town in the 
state, by the selectmen of the same, 
and in their return dated May 30, 
1776, we find the following record 
from Claremont : ' ' Eighty -four signed 
the test ; thirty-one refused to do so, 
and sixteen were reported to have 
taken up arms and were already in 
the Continental Army. 

Among those who signed we find re- 
corded nearly all who, at some period 
during the war, served various terms 
of enlistment. The fifteen, beside 
Colonel Wait, were Rev. Augustine 
Hibbard, the Congregational minister, 



82 



The Granite Monthly 



Jonathan, Gershom and Joseph York, 
Henry Stevens, David and Charles 
Laynes, Benjamin Towner, Jr., Reu- 
ben Spencer, Peter and Jonathan 
Fuller, James Goodwin, S. Abner 
Matthews, Ensign Thomas Jones, and 
Lieut. Joseph Taylor, all . of whom 
were more or less prominent in town 
a flairs. 

Those who refused to sign were, 
likewise, prominent citizens of the 
town, and among its earliest settlers, 
the most notable among them being 
Rev. Raima Cossitt, the first Episco- 
pal minister, Samuel Cole, the first 
schoolmaster, Capt. Benjamin Sum-- 
ner, Dr. "William Sumner, the Tylers, 
Grannis Leetes and Brookses. It 
should not be inferred, however, that 
they were Tories in the accepted sense 
of the term, but in nearly every in- 
stance they were Church of England 
members, and loyalty to their relig- 
ions principles doubtless influenced 
their action. Nearly all of them re- 
mained in town, but took no active 
part in the war. They were closely 
watched by the local Committee of 
Safety, and with the exception of Rev. 
Ranna Cossitt were restrained from, 
leaving town, he being permitted to 
do so in the performance of his .duties 
as a minister of the Gospel. 

The signers of The Association 
Test, to use a more recent term, were 
Rebels, and, had the results of the 
war been different, they would have 
been punished as traitors to the Gov- 
ernment of England, and their lands 
and property confiscated. Nearly all 
those who did so refuse to sign were 
large owners or proprietors of the 
town, and charity would suggest to us 
that this was their principal reason. 

In May:, 1775, John Wentworth 
withdrew as colonial governor of the 
province or colony and its government 
was assumed by the Committee of 
Safety, of which Samuel Ashley was 
one of nine. Claremont was compar- 
atively small, as the returns already 
mentioned would indicate. One hun- 
dred and thirty-one male citizens, of 
whom sixteen had already gone to 



war, would indicate the patriotism of 
those who remained. 

The Association Test was a vital 
expression of public opinion which 
indicated the support necessary to 
Revolution. At the "Risque of our 
Lives and Fortunes" was treason of 
which they knew full well the penalty. 

The remoteness for those days from 
the center of conflict and the enlist- 
ment in what might seem possibly a 
losing cause doubtless kept many, 
whose sympathy was with the cause of 
the colonies, from entering into the 
struggle for independence. Not until 
Burgoyne's invasion, which promised 
(had it succeeded) to divide the col- 
onies, did the yeomen of Claremont 
arise, and, following Oliver Ashley as 
captain of a company, become a part 
of Gen. John Stark's brigade, which 
turned the victorious army of Bur- 
goyne to defeat at Bennington, and 
eventual surrender at Saratoga. In 
this company of Captain Ashley 
forty-seven of the eighty-four signers 
of the Association Test were enlisted, 
and complied with their declaration to 
risk their lives and fortunes in the 
cause. 

In all the deliberations of the sev- 
eral Provincial Congresses Samuel 
Ashley bore a prominent part. As 
councillor from Cheshire County, 
which at that time included what is 
now all of Sullivan, and as a large 
owner of lands and proprietor's rights 
in many other towns of New Hamp- 
shire and Vermont, his example was 
most influential. Colonel Ashley was 
not at this period, however, a resident 
of Claremont, but his two sons, Oliver 
and Samuel, Jr., were, and after the 
close of the war he removed here from 
Winchester and died of smallpox Feb- 
ruary 18, 1792, aged 71 years. In 
mentioning Colonel Ashley as a prom- 
inent patriot of the town we should 
not overlook the fact that his services 
were from that town, although usually 
credited to us. 

As an historical fact most historians 
have seemed to overlook the illustrious 
record of Lieut.-Col. Joseph Wait, 



The Association Test in Claremont. 



83 



presumably because he died in the 
service and none of his descendants 

remained in town. As previously 
mentioned Colonel Wait was a mem- 
ber of the First Provincial Congress. 
He had been a captain in the famous 
"Green Mountain Boys," under com- 
mand of Col. Ethan Allen. He was 
in the memorable capture of Ticon- 
deroga in May, 1775, and served in 
Canada during the following cam- 
paign ; retreating to Tieonderoga, and 
during a severe skirmish, he was 
wounded in the head by a splinter 
from a gun carriage and. died on his 
way home, at Clarendon, Yt., Sep- 
tember 28, 1776. A monument marks 
his grave, erected by the Masonic fra- 
ternity of which he was a member. 
It is surmounted by a figure of an offi- 
cer in full uniform and a raised* 
sword, and the inscription, "'Our com- 
mon country, living or dying I will 
defend her." 



Colonel Wait resided in Claremont 
on the Governor's farm, which he had 
bought from Governor Wentworth, 
and which lias since been known by 
most of us as the Hubbard, or more 
recently the Isaac Long farm, and 
now occupied by Mr. David Farwell. 

Rev. Augustine Hibbard, next to 
these two, was perhaps the most prom- 
inent patriot of the period, serving as 
chaplain of Gen. John Stark's brigade 
of New Hampshire troops, but for 
which the glorious results of victory 
would not have been attained. Of the 
other Revolutionary soldiers it might 
well be said, they had fulfilled their 
obligations to the Association Test. 
The total number of signers in New 
Hampshire was 8,199, while 773 re- 
fused; and, as we have said, the rec- 
ord of Claremont is one to be proud 
of. 



A WINDY NIGHT 

By ?danj H. Wheeler 

From the North came a minstrel, a harper, 

Arriving in town in the night. 
He struck the strings softly, then sharper, 

And he played a grand prelude with might. 

He sang, and his wild notes, outswelling, 
Resounded o'er housetops and spires, 

Oi his own native North country telling, 
In time with his touch of the wires. 

His song set the night air aquiver, 
And awakened the sleepers in bed. 

With its pathos the stars seemed to shiver 
As they moved in their course overhead. 

It was wild as the cry unavailing 
Sent forth by the mourner in prayer, 

And ihe trees bent their heads to its wailing 
And swung their long arms in despair. 

Then softer to accents of pity 

The musical cadences cued, 
And over the slumbering city 

An echo-like whisper replied. 

With dreams of the sleepers were blended 
Wild measures of fantastic tone — 

But when the long night hours were ended 
There was silence, the minstrel had flown. 



>sv. 



VOTES FOR WOMEN 

By Wallace Duffy 



"I don't care, I'm for Roosevelt 
for President and I hope he'll be 
elected." 

It was spoken defiantly, with a toss 
of the head and a fearless glance over 
the circle of her companions, by the 
blonde lady, whose graceful, slim, 
figure was that of a girl rather than 
the woman of middle age that an in- 
spection of her face revealed her to be. 

It was at a. fortnightly social of the 
Norway Country Club in one of New 
Hampshire's little cities, on a fine 
evening in early September, 1912. 
As usual, following the supper, the 
men had repaired to the veranda to 
smoke and talk politics, and a group 
of ladies had gathered in a corner of 
the club house for a chat. 

The Norway Country Club was not 
without its political influence in the 
state. Composed of leaders in busi- 
ness and professional lines in the city, 
with their wives and families, all 
sorts of public and private affairs 
were discussed, as well as most attrac- 
tive menus, at the suppers which were 
held there every other "Wednesday 
evening through the summer months. 
Many of these men and women pos- 
sessed an influence beyond the borders 
of their own town, and guests of 
prominence from other places were 
frequently entertained. Candidate's 
for office never neglected an oppor- 
tunity to spend an evening at the club 
house, although their visits were not 
always productive of the hoped-for 
practical results in the way of votes, 
for independence of thought and 
action were a characteristic of the 
membership on which the male por- 
tion of the club, at least, prided itself 
not a little. 

The Norway Country Club had 
been a hot-bed of insurrection during 
the revolution within the Republican 
party, from the time of the Churchill 
campaign in 190G down to the day 



when this story opens. The first dele- 
gates to the state convention of that 
year had been chosen from Norway, 
pledged to vote for Churchill for gov- 
ernor, and from that moment the city 
had completely cast off the political 
shackles which had hitherto bound it 
and Progressive principles had run 
rampant. In all this the Country 
Club had played no small part, but 
now its membership was divided on 
the Taft vs. Roosevelt issue, and the 
discussion waxed warm at times. The 
waltzes and two-steps, rendered by the 
orchestra, fell on deaf ears in many 
of the little groups without and it was 
with difficulty that they were finally 
dragged in to choose their partners 
for the dance. 

The contagion of all this had nat- 
urally spread to the feminine portion 
of the club, in time, irrespective of the 
fact that there were not a few ardent 
suffragists within their number. 

"I'd just like to have you tell me 
one reason why you are for Roose- 
velt," spoke up a little woman in the 
center of the group, as she faced the 
first speaker pugnaciously. "I think 
the abuse of Taft has been disgraceful. 
I like to see some of this much- 
vaunted fair play. Just tell me one 
reason why Roosevelt, who has had 
two terms already and who is trying 
to wreck the party that gave him his 
honors, should be favored with a third 
'cup of coffee'." 

"Well," returned the first lady, "I 
don't believe that Taft was fairly 
nominated: The Republican party is 
in a bad way when it will stoop to 
such tactics." 

"Bosh I " replied her opponent. 
"Did Roosevelt discover anything 
wrong with these methods, when he 
was practising them in the last con- 
vention ? And then to see his abuse of 
Taft, his former friend. It disgusts 



'oies for Women 



85 



m e beyond words. I more than half 
believe that Roosevelt is crazy." 

"I think he is crazy, too." admitted 
the blonde one, "driven so by his 
enemies. That's why I sympathize 
with him and why 1 want to see him 
elected.'' 

An expressive snort was the only 
answer to this argument and before 
anybody else had time to take up the 
discussion, attention was diverted by 
the arrival of a woman of queenly 
presence, whose evident authority and 
position were moderated by a round 
and good-natured countenance and a 
humorous twinkle of the eyes. 

"What's up, ladies?" inquired the 
newcomer. "It must be the eternal 
suffrage question, judging from the 
evidences of heated argument." 

"Now, see here," she continued, 
"instead of arguing the pros and cons 
of woman suffrage, why in the world 
don 't you go and vote ? You have the 
opportunity with the laws as they are, 
if you are so disposed." 

"Yes, in school matters, perhaps," 
said one member of the group, .with a 
flash of intelligence, after the blank 
look with which the statement had 
first been received. 

"No, in any regular municipal elec- 
tion," returned the other. 

"What's the joke, anyway?" spoke 
up one of the ladies, finally, after a 
moment's puzzled silence. "What do 
you mean?" 

"No joke at all," was the answer. 
"I mean what I said. Now, are any 
of you real true sports? If so, I'll 
tell you what I'll do. I'll wager the 
best dinner for the entire crowd that 
money can buy here in Norway, that 
I'll vote for a complete ticket at the 
next municipal election held in this 
city. Is it a go?" 

Although the other ladies in her set 
stood somewhat in awe of this daugh- 
ter of a wealthy manufacturer and of 
her keenness of mind and fondness for 
a joke, she found plenty of takers on 
this proposition and the wager was 
laid. There was some speculation for 
^ few days as to what she could have 



meant and then the matter passed 
out of thought, crowded by auction 
bridge, woman's club conventions anel 
various other affairs of importance. 
And so election day approached. 

The date of the municipal election 
was the first Tuesday in December. 

Now, it is a fact that women in New 
Hampshire have for many years had 
the privilege of voting for members of 
the school board, such a law having 
been passed long, long before the mod- 
ern agitation for woman suffrage and 
long before any such thing as an 
Australian ballot was dreamed of. 
But in Norway, as in most places, it 
had likewise been so many years since 
any woman had thought of exercising 
this privilege, that you may be sure 
none of the Country Club ladies 
would acknowledge that they had ever 
done so. It would have been a fatal 
admission, except for an octogenarian, 
whose advanced years had become a 
matter of pride. 

The day before this election of De- 
cember, 1912, the supervisors of the 
check: lists for Norway w T ere in session, 
for the purpose of making corrections 
in the lists. They had spent the day, 
as- usual, sitting about, telling stories, 
talking politics, eating apples, smok- 
ing and thinking of the $3 a day 
which each was to draw as pay for 
this vacation from his regular work. 
For corrections were not many from 
year to year in this small place and 
what there were had long since been 
attended to. 

Just before the clock struck five, 
the hour of closing the office, the as- 
sessors were somewhat flustered and 
startled by beholding a richly dressed 
lady of magnificent proportions alight 
from her automobile and enter their 
room. Instantly, hats were removed 
from heads, feet from desks, cigars 
from mouths, and seven men arose 
with awkward bows. 

"How do you do, Mrs. Walling- 
ford?" spoke up the chairman, as 
soon as he could recover his self pos- 
session. "Will you be seated? How 



S6 



The Granite Monthly 



is Mr. WaHingf ord 1 What can we do 
to serve you?" 

With a smile and a gracious man- 
ner, in which none could excel this 
somewhat exclusive lady when she 
wished to make herself agreeable, Mrs. 
Wallingford leisurely availed herself 
of the proffered chair and addressed 
the assessors. 

"You know," she began, "the law 
gives us ladies the right to vote for 
members of the school board in this 
state and I have been thinking that we. 
ought to avail ourselves of the rights 
that we have, instead of doing so 
much talking about getting more. 
Do you agree with me ? ' ' 

The seven assessors, all attention 
from the beginning, nodded emphati- 
cally. Most of them were politicians 
of the old school and woman suffrage 
was not a favorite reform with them. 
There never was any contest, anyway, 
over the school board and that was 
just the place for the ladies to exercise 
the privilege of the ballot. 

"Well, I have come to get my name 
enrolled on your check list, ' ' con- 
tinued the visitor, with another smile 
of goodfellowship, which alone would 
have accomplished a far more difficult 
task than she had before her/ "Of 
course, I don't suppose there's any 
particular occasion for voting this 
year, as I understand the member 
from my ward has been an efficient 
one and is to be reelected without op- 
position, but I have come to the con- 
clusion that it is my duty to vote and 
there is no time to begin like the 
present." 

"Certainly ma'am," spoke up the 
chairman. "We all highly, respect 
your views and your public spirit. 
If there were more women like you, 
instead of so many of these air suf- 
fragettes, the country would be better " 
off. We 11 put your name on the list 
at once. And we thank you for your 
kindness and please give our best re- 
gards to Mr. Wallingford." (The 
latter was a power in the politics of 
the city and state.) 

"I'm sure I'm greatly obliged," 



said the lady, as she arose to take her 
departure. And then at the door she 
turned, as if with an afterthought. 

"By the way," said she, returning 
to the group still standing in the cen- 
ter of the room about the long table. 
"Perhaps it will be just as well if you 
don't say anything of this for a day or 
two. You know it isn't always pleas- 
ant for a lady to be talked about and I 
want to do my duty as quietly as pos- 
sible, as becomes a lady. Besides if 
these advocates of full suffrage for 
women were to hear of it, they might 
think I had gone over to their side and 
make a great deal out of it. You 
understand?" 

Of course, they did. It would have 
been an obtuse man, indeed, who 
hadn't been illuminated by that gra- 
cious presence in the doorway, as she 
smilingly departed. 

It is said of women and not of men 
that they cannot keep a secret, and 
perhaps it is to be doubted if even the 
weaker sex cannot keep the counsel of 
a man whom they admire, when it has 
been entrusted to them. At all events, 
these seven assessors proved that gal- 
lant males can safely be put in guard 
over the secret of a real lady, espe- 
cially when their wives have no ink- 
that there is a secret to be pumped 
from the slaves of their choice. And 
so the registration of Mrs. Walling- 
ford was safely, sanely and secretly 
accomplished. 

The following day was the day of 
the voting and promptly at 10 o'clock 
in the morning a lady presented her- 
self at the rail of the ward room of 
Ward Six and asked for a ballot. 
She was escorted thither by J. Black, 
Esq., the leading attorney of Norway, 
who stood by her side at the rail. 

For a time, consternation reigned 
among the ward officials, as ; they 
listened to the courteous and smiling 
request and saw the suave but mighty 
man of the law prepared to back it up 
with action, if it were refused. A 
hasty consultation with the moderator 
and clerk was held, while the line of 
regular voters outside the rail grew 



Votes for Women 



S7 



quickly in length and voting proceed- 
ings were suspended. 

"I am veiy sorry, madam/' at 
length spoke up the moderator. "'Un- 
doubtedly, women do have the right 
to vote in school matters in this state 
but the names of voters have to be 
registered on the check lists before 
they can claim that right, either men 
or women." 

"Certainly," said the gracious lady 
with the sunny countenance. "You 
are quite correct. And election offi- 
cials cannot be too careful in the dis- 
charge of their duties. I have often 
beard my husband declare this and 
my own judgment confirms it. My 
name is Margaret Wallingford and I 
think, if you look carefully, you will 
discover it written in on the cheek 
list." 

The clerk nearly fell over into the 
■chair from which he had arisen, as he 
examined the list. And then being 
appealed to by the others, he declared 
with the solemnity of a judge pro- 
nouncing a death sentence: 

"The lady is correct. The name of 
Margaret Wallingford is on the list," 

The moderator cleared his throat 
and drops of perspiration gleamed on 
his forehead. Like orators who want 
time to think what comes next in the 
line of their argument, he gained a. 
moment by pouring out, a glass of 
"water and swallowing it. 

"But, madam," said he, "It has 
been so many years since any woman 
has claimed the right to vote for mem- 
bers of the school board, that we have 
made no preparation for such a con- 
tingency. "We have only the regular 
Australian ballot, containing the 
names of all the city officials to be 
voted for. Were a lady to be given 
this ballot and allowed to mark and 
east it, how are we to know but what 
she. votes for candidates for all the 
offices designated on the ballot? It 
ffi%ht invalidate the election." 

He looked around to observe the 
effect. The spectators without the 
fail were spell-bound at the unusual 
drama. Those inside presented the 



appearance of primary school boys 
who had just been confronted with a 
problem in trigonometry. The mod- 
erator's eloquence and lucid argument 
had only acted like a thunder shower 
in August, which makes the heat and 
stilling atmosphere all the more 
oppressive. . 

The charming lady became a queen 
at this crisis. Gazing with scorn at 
the group of hopelessly befuddled 
men, she seemed to tower above them, 
as she said : 

"Then, Mr. Moderator, I am to" 
understand, am I, that you decline 
to allow me to vote for a member of 
the school board, a right which the 
sovereign law of this state gives me 
and which I now no longer request but 
demand I I place my case in the hands 
of my attorney. What do vou sav, 
Mr. Black?" 

Thus appealed to, the lawyer 
pointed his finger at the moderator 
and quietly but impressively spoke: 

''I say, Mr. Moderator, that you 
refuse this lady the right to vote at 
your peril. That is all. Do you 
understand''" 

Understanding anything was pre- 
cisely what Mr. Moderator did not do 
at the minute. 

' ' I wish the city solicitor were here 
to instruct us," wiping his brow. 

"This is beyond me." 

"It will beyond you in a few 
minutes more, to your everlast- 
ing sorrow," continued the lawyer. 
"This lady's time is valuable. She 
has already been unreasonably de- 
tained in her performance of her 
right and duty under the laws of New 
Hampshire. It is for you to decide, 
Mr. Moderator, and decide at once 
what you will do." 

That settled it. A ballot was 
handed to Margaret "Wallingford ; her 
name was duly checked by the in- 
spector; she passed into the voting 
booth, marked her ballot, deposited it 
in the hands of the moderator, heard 
her name again called by the clerk 
and went outside the rail and out of 
the ward-room, leaving behind her as 



88 



The Granite Monthly 



nonplussed a set of men as ever tried 
to puzzle out the intricacies of the 
great and wonderful law. 

It chanced that there were three 
candidates for mayor at that election, 
the Republican party being divided 
there as elsewhere throughout the 
country. There was the Taft Republi- 
can candidate, the Bull Moose candi- 
date and the Democratic candidate. 
It was late that night before the votes 
were counted and then it was found 
that the Taft Republican had won by 
a plurality of just one vote. 

On the following New Year's eve, 
the ladies of society in Norway were 
assembled around the table in the 
dining room of the beautiful Waliing- 
ford home. The coffee* crackers and 
cheese had just been finished and con- 
fections were being nibbled, as the 
hostess arose to make a few remarks. 

' * Ladies, ' ' she began. ' ' This party 
has a significance beyond a mere 
casual entertainment. Some of you 
may recall a wager made between me 
and Mrs. McDonald, my friend, at the 



Country Club one evening last Sep- 
tember. The wager was that I would 
cast a regular ballot at the coming 
municipal election, voting for the 
entire ticket. I had thought to claim 
that wager from my friend, but 
upon maturer consideration, upon the 
advice of council and likeAvise of Mr. 
AValiingford, whose candidate for 
mayor, as you know won the election 
by a single vote, it has seemed best not 
to make the necessary declaration as. 
to just what candidates for office I 
.cast my ballot for on that occasion, 
but to say nothing and settle the 
wager. I have done the latter to the 
best of my ability. I thank you for 
your presence and trust you have had 
a pleasant evening "We will now pro- 
ceed to watch the Old Year out and 
the New Year in, and some of us will 
rejoice in the thought that a new year 
for women, when she will receive her 
full rights and be granted the 
privilege of having something to say 
about the way the money she pays in 
taxes is spent, is already dawning. ' ' 



A NEW TOWN HISTORY 



The most recent addition to the 
list (still all too small) of New Hamp- 
shire town histories, is a history of 
the town of Durham, the " Oyster 
River'' of the early da}'s, which fig- 
ured so conspicuously in our early 
provincial annals. 

This work is presented in two vol- 
umes, the first, of 43 G octavo pages, 
being devoted to the historical nar- 
rative and biographies of leading cit- 
izens and the second, of 502 pages, 
to genealogy. The work is edited 
by Rev. Everett S. Stackpole of Brad- 
ford, Mass., and Col. Lucien Thomp- 
son of Durham who furnished most 
of the historical data/ in the collec- 
tion and arrangement of which he had 
spent much time and thought for 
many years being deeply interested 



in historical matters generally and 
those pertaining to his own town 
particularly. 

The material for the genealogical 
volume was mainly gathered by 
Deacon Winthrop S. Meserve, long a 
prominent citizen of the town, whose 
portrait appears as a frontispiece of 
the Volume, as does that of Colonel 
Thompson in the first volume. 

This history will naturally rank 
among the most important and inter- 
esting town histories thus far pub- 
lished in the state, not only on 
account of the character and qualifi- 
cations of those engaged in its produc- 
tion, but because of the conspicuous 
position held by the town of Durham 
as a factor in the political and intel- 
lectual as well as the material life of 



A New Toivn History 



89 



the State, from the earliest days to 
the present time. The numerous 
historic localities found within the 
limits of the town, many of which are 
pictorially portrayed in the work, as 
well as the notable men and families 
and manv old time residences sketched 



in its pages will give it an interest 
in the mind of the reader such as sel- 
dom attaches to a work of the kind. 
About 150 illustrations are presented 
in the two volumes, each of which 
has, also, a carefully compiled index 
of names as well as of places. 



THE GHOSTS OF SONG 

By Benjamin G. Woodbury, Jr. 

"Who hast not heard on a winter's night 
When, snug within by his hearthfire bright, 
The chirp and twitter in the applewood 
As night puts on her dusty hood? 
Who, when the heart with joy was filled 
Hast not with dart of pain been thrilled, 
At sudden, shrill and piercing note 
Almost as if from human throat, 
A cry for help, — from luckless worm 
That crawled for shelter from the storm 
Within the wood ; the ghosts of song 
Of songsters who to sleep have gone 
Who sang last year upon its bough, 
Oh, where sweet singer, art thou now ? 

With summer suns thou built thy nest, 
Or on its leafy bough did rest, 
So now the sound of snapping log 
Reminds me, mid my drowsy nod, 
Of how thou sang mid summer days, 
As on the blossoms sunlight plays. 
Imprisoned Worm or space-free bird 
Thy song shall evermore be heard, 
Thy soul shall mount to higher skies 
Shall sing mid stormy, wintry days, 
So dailv shall we feel thy charms 
Till nestled in His loving arms, 
Both bird and love shall fold her wing, 
And we, dear God, shall hear Thee sing. 



T U 



EARLY ENGLISH EASTMAN RECORDS 

By Charles E. Eastman 



The family name of Eastman seems 
to have flourished continuously in the 
southern counties of England, more 
particularly in Wiltshire, since the 
latter part of the thirteenth century. 
Allowing for the common variants in 
spelling, such as Estman, Estmond 
and Eastmond, the earliest occurrence 
of the name in English court records, 
so far discovered, is found in Chan- 
cery Inquisitions for 5 Edw. I (1277), 
where a John Estmond of Wiltshire is 
mentioned with others in connection 
with the ''lands and tenements of 
Philip Marmyon." 



Radnor are the Ecclesiastical Com- 
missioners' Court Rolls for the Manor 
of Downtoh, extending from the year 
1475 to about the middle of the six- 
teenth century. These rolls are writ- 
ten in abbreviated Latin, not at all 
easy to decipher. They have recently 
been searched for Eastman entries by 
the well-known antiquary, Mr. C. A. 
Hoppin, acting in behalf of Mr. 
George Eastman of Rochester. N. Y. 
The following items have been tran- 
scribed by Mr. Hoppin from the orig- 
inal sources in question and rendered 
by him into English form. Two terms 




, The Ploughman 

(From the Lar^erell Psalter, Early 11th Century) 



During the next two hundred years 
the patronymic would seem to have 
become firmly" established in the re- 
gion about Salisbury, Wiltshire; and 
though we find mention of one ' k John 
Estmond, clericus," under date of 4 
Henry VIII (1513),* and of "John, 
Nicholas and Richard Eastmond, gen- 
tlemen, "f who sold various property 
in Bulford and Hundrington in the 
fourteenth year of the reign of 
Charles I, yet for the most part, 
where the family name occurs in an- 
cient records, it denotes men of hum- 
ble station, yeomen or husbandmen. 

Among the interesting historical 
documents now owned bv the Earl 



that perhaps require explanation are 
"tourn" and " pannage." By the 
former is meant the turn or circuit 
formerly- made by the sheriff twice 
every year for the purpose of holding 
in each hundred (that is, a subdi- 
vision of a county) the great court- 
list of the county. Pannage is the 
mast of the oak and beech which swine 
feed on. 

x jMembrane 2. 1475 

Dounton Manor. Tourn held there 
at Martinmas 28 October 14 Edw. IV. 
Charleton : The tithingman there pre- 
sents John Estemonde for brewing 



*A Calendar of Feet of Fines for Wiltshire, in Wiltshire Notes and Queries, Yol. II., 
p. 417. 

tWilisbire Innuisitiones Post Mortem, Charles T. Published in the Index Library, 1901, 
p. 340. 



Early EnglixJi Eastman Record* 



91 



freeholders present that John Estman 
has a net called "a castyngnett," con- 
trary to the form of the statute. He 
is fined 2d, and the net ordered to be 
seized. 

Membrane 1. 1539 

Daunton Manor. Court held there 
17 December 30 Henry VIII. Charle- 
ton : The tithingman there presents 
that Roger Estman lias been sworn 
into the office of tithingman: and that 
(in reckoning the pannage of pigs) 
Roger Estman has two old and six 
young pigs ; and John Estman the 
younger,* one old pig. 

Nounton : John Estman has one old 
and two young pigs. 

Membrane 2 d. 1540 

Manor court held there 21 June 31 
Henry VIII. Nounton [Nunton] : 
The tithingman presents that John 
Estmond has made default of suit; he 
is amerced 2d. 

1553 

Dounton Manor. Court held there 
1 Philip and Mary. Jurors, John Est- 
man. . . John Estman [two dif- 
ferent individuals] . 

Court held there 29 May 1 Philip 
and Mary. Jurors, John Estmond, 
Walter Estmond. 

Nounton [same court]. Walter 
Esteman fined vi d for cutting down 
ripe wheat (or corn) belonging to 
— Sobbel to the value of xii d. 

Account of an Action at Law in 
the' Year 1600 

The following record of a civil suit 
in which one John Eastman of Nun- 
ton appears as plaintiff is found in 
Proceedings in Chancerv during the 
reign of Elizabeth (E. 1, 23), for the 
year 1600: 

*This John Estman of Nunton is possibly identical with the one whose will, dated Decem- 
ber 23, 1562, and proved February 16. 1563, has been published in the Granite Monthly, a 
»ew Hampshire magazine, Vol. XLIII, No. 10, October, 1911. In it the testator is de- 
scribed as John Eastman, the elder, of the parish of Nunton, and bequests are made to John 
Eastman and Richard Eastman of the borough of Downton, and to various other Eastmans 
who are described as living at Charleton, West Harnham, Nunton and Salisbury. Roger 
Eastman,* (1610-1694), the emigrant ancestor of the family in this country, was sou of 
Nicholas,* grandson of linger,"- and great-grandson of John,i all of Charleton in the parish of 
l ; ownton. The will of the last named, dated April 26, 1564, and proved May 9, 1565, has 
oeea published in the Granite Monthly for December, 1911. 



once and breaking the assize of ale. 
He is amerced 3d. 

Membra ne 1 d. 1507 
Dounton Borough. Hokeday tourn 
held ill ere 13 May in the 7th year of 
Richard Foxe, Bishop of Winchester. 
Estborough : The alderman there pre- 
sents John Estman the elder and 
others for default of suit. He is 
amerced 3d. 

Membrane 1. 1519 
Dounton Manor. Tourn held there, 
with court, for Martinmas, 27 Sep- 
tember, 10 Henry VIII. Charleton : 
The tithingman presents upon oath 
that Richard Estman and others are 
common players at illicit games con- 
trary to the ordinance thereupon 
made ; they are amerced 2d. 

Membrane 2 d. 1527 
Dounton. Hokedav Tourn held 
there 13 March 18* Henry VIII. 
[? Charlcto]n: Twelve freeholders 
present that Richard Estman and 
others are common players at illicit 
games, and sit up o' nights. Each of 
them is amerced 6d. 

Membrane 2 d. d. 1529 
Dounton Manor. Martinmas 
Tourn, with court, held there 17 Sep- 
tember 20 Henry VIII. Charelton : 
The tithingman presents Peter Est- 
man, Stephen Estman, Richard Est- 
man, Thomas Lucke and Philip 
Papelen as common players, contrary 
to the form of the statute, at illicit 
games; nevertheless, by counsel of the 
court, they are pardoned on each pay- 
ing 4d. 

Membrane 2 d. 1529 
Hokeday Tourn, with court, held 
there 1 April 20 Henry VIII. Twelve 



92 



The Granite Monthly 



"To the right Honorable S T Thomas 
Egertoii, Knight, lo: keep 7 of the 
grt ate Sealc of ' E ngla n d : 
"Humbly Complaynihge sheweth 
unto your good lo : yo r duyly Orator 
John Eastman of Nunton in the 
county of Wiltes, yeoman, .That 
about Dec, in the one and fortieth 
yeare of the raigne of our Soveraigne 
ladye the Queen 63 ma tie [majesty] that 
nowe is, your orator did buy of one 
Walter Browne fortye weather sheepe 
at the price ox xii 1, xvi s, viii d, w ch 
some beinge indeed a verye hard price, 
wliicli your orator was moved to give 
uppon the faythfull promise of the 
said Browne that the sheepe were 
sound and healthye and voyd of all 
infeccion of the rott, for otherwise 
indeed they were nott worth the 
fourth pte of the money agreed. 
Browne also promised that yf yt 
should soe fall out that the sheepe, or 
anie of them, should dye of the rott 
that then he would pave to your 
orator at the rate yo r sd orator had 
paid for the same, but soe yt ys, yf yt 
niaye like yo r good lo : that at such 
time as yo r orator received the sheepe 
all or the greater part of them were 
infected of the rott and within a very 
short time afterward thirtye of them 
died of the same rott and the residue 
your orator was given to dispose of 
as that he could not make in pfitt the 
iiii th pte of soe much as they cost, 
whereuppon your orator understand- 
inge that Browne knew that the 
sheepe at the time of the sale of them 
were infected with the rott acquainted 
him that the thirtye sheepe were dead 
of the same rott, and therefore re- 
quyred of him recompense as prom- 
ised. 

'"'He not only denied his promise of 
recompense and his promise of the 
soundness of the sheepe, or that he 
had received the said some of your 
said orator, but hath also of late at- 
tempted suit by the common lawes 
against your orator for the said some, 
contrarie to all truth, equitye and 
good conscience. Your orator hath 
not anie direct proofe of the said 



promises whereby he may proceed at 
the common lawes of this realme, nei- 
ther can your orator pve the payment 
of the said xii 1, xvi s, viii d, so he is 
remedyless. Your orator is therefore 
of necessity e enforced to praye and 
seeke the ayde of your good lord- 
sliippe in this honorable courte. I\Iaye 
yt therefore please yo r good lo :, the 
premises considered, to 'grant unto 
your said orator her ma tie3 most gra- 
cious writt of subpena to be directed 
to the said Walter Browne, command- 
ing him ec. . . ." 

Keply 

"Defendant replies: He sold the 
'sheep to pith' at the some alleged, to be 
paid for in one week after the sale — 
did warrant the sheep void of infec- 
tion — did promise to pay for every 
sheep which should die of the rott — 
says the sheep were sound and that 
the complt sold them within one week ' 
after he first bought them for some 
gaining : and the sheep were all after 
killed and sold for good mutton — also 
complt did not pay deft the said some 
at the time agreed, but paid £9. later 
in the same year, balance yet unpaid, 
and when payment was made complt 
did not find any fault with the sheepe 
— but when deft did later demand bal- 
ance due, then complt alleged the 
sheep died of the rott, hence deft at 
Easter term last past sued for the 
balance due him, and recovered judg- 
ment against the complt for £6-6s-8d 
lately, by virtue of which deft had 
Eastman arrested & having already 
secured judgment in this cause begs to 
be dismissed from answering further 
the complt in this Court. 

"27 Sept. 1600." 

In conclusion we offer the following 
abstract of a Dorsetshire Eastman 
will which is on file with the Preroga- 
tive Court of Canterbury, register 
Wrastley, folio 28. It is dated the 
10th day of October, 1552, and was- 
proved August 16, 1557. 

"T, John Estman yeoman, of the 
pysh of Helton, Dorset, Body to be 



Xew Hampshire Necrology 



buried in the church of Alhallows, 

Helton. To July an my wife, all my 
lands remaining in my own oecupa- 
cion, with profits for xvi. years. Rev- 
enues of rentes of my lands wythin 
the manor of Helton, in occupacion of 
Richard Keate, to my sonne John Est- 
man after decease of Elynor Ghvy- 
lette, for the term of e neynteyn 
veares. [Son John then a minor]. 



Wife to pay my son Richard £20, if he 
do not dye within xvi yeares. To my 
sister Alice £10. at marryage, or in 
two yeares. Residue to my wife 
Julyan,. executrx. John Keate, Ed- 
ward Jolyff, John Rament to be 
overseers. Witnesses: Mr. William 
Styby, vicar there; John Saline, 
Sampford Percve, John Toker, Roger 
Saline." 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



HON. FREEMAN HIGGINS 

Hon. Freeman Higgins of Manchester 
died January 2, 1914, at St. Petersburg, Fla. 
He was a native of Standish, Me., born Jan- 
uary 4, 1830, but removed with the family to 
Lowell, Mass., where he went to school, and 
later attended Gorham (Me.) Academy. 

He learned the trade of a machinist in 
Lowell, and followed the same in Lawrence 
and Boston, where with N. S. Bean and 
others he made the first steam fire-engine 
ever used in Boston. In 1859 he went to 
Manchester, entering the employ of the 
Amoskeag Manufacturing Company, where 
he continued forty years, ultimately becom- 
ing master mechanic and then superintendent 
of the mechanical department. Retiring in 
1900 he engaged in banking, becoming a 
director of the First National Bank of Man- 
chester and president of the Merrimack 
River Savings Bank. 

Mr. Higgins was a Republican in politics 
and was elected to the state senate in 1S92. 
He was a Mason and a member of the Frank- 
lin Street Congregational Church. 

In 1S56 he married Miss Mary "W. Bennett 
of Barnstead, who survives him. 

JOSIAH M. FLETCHER 

Josiah M. Fletcher of Nashua, poet and 
philanthropist, and well-known Prohibition 
leader, died at his home in that city Janu- 
ary 14, 1913, at the age of just S6 years, 
having been bom January 14, 1S28, in Hali- 
fax, M ass . ; the son of John and Dolly M. 
f Johnson) Fletcher. 

His father died when Josiah M. was quite 
young, his mother removing to Nashua, 
where, at s-.-venteen years of age, he entered 
a bookseller and. publishers' establishment, 
and a year later purchased the same, and 
conducted it successfully for many years. 
Mr. Fletcher was himself a poetical writer of 
ment and edited and published several col- 
lections of poems, one of which had a sale 
<jf 100,000 copies. He also, a few years 
smee, published a volume of his own poems. 



In 1S56 Mr. Fletcher engaged in the man- 
ufacture of furniture, which business was 
incorporated in 1S7S, and has been success- 
fully continued. He invented the first alarm 
money drawer used in the country. 

He was a member and president of the 
Nashua city council in the early days of the 
city and had served in the legislature as a 
Republican, but early allied himself with the 
Prohibition party, whose candidate for gov- 
ernor and congressman he had frequently 
been. His charitable gifts were large and 
numerous. He contributed heavily toward 
the Protestant Orphanage and the Good 
Will Institute in Nashua, and was president 
of the latter institution. Shortly before his 
death he transferred his residence, worth 
$20,000, to the Nashua Hospital Associa- 
tion, for a nurses' home. 

In 1851, Mr. Fletcher married Adaline J. 
Eastman of Rumney, by whom he had six 
children, none of whom are now living. 

GEORGE F. BEEDE 

George F. Beede, a prominent agriculturist 
and leading citizen of Fremont, died at his 
home in that town, February S. 1914. 

Mr. Beede was born on the homestead 
where he died, January 8, 1S38, the son of 
Daniel and Ann Elizabeth (Folsom) Beede, 
and greatgrandson of Jonathan Beede, the 
original settler and first proprietor of the farm, 
which has been owned in the family for five 
generations and is one of the best in the county. 
He was educated at the Friends School in 
Pro\ idence, R. I., but returned home and took 
charge of the farm at the age of nineteen. 
He was a specialist in the culture of small 
fruit, and a writer and speaker on various 
agricultural topics. He was also a land sur- 
veyor of wide reputation. He had been chair- 
man of the board of selectmen nine years, ten 
years a member of the school board and twice 
representative in the legislature. 

May 20, 1SG3, Mr. Beede married Ruth 
P. Nichols of Winslow, Me., by whom he had 
nine children, eight of whom are now living — 
William B., of Concord; Annie E., Louis A. 



94 



The Granite Monthly 



and Mary Alice, at home; George E. of Epping; 
Charles C. and Abbie Grohl of California, 
and John D. of Boston, His wife died five 
years ago. 

HERMAN C. WEYMOUTH 

Herman C. Weymouth, a prominent citi- 
zen of Laconia, died a^ his home in that City, 
February 16, 191 L 

He was a native of Belmont (now Upper 
Gilmanton) born February 9, 1846, and was 
educated in the public schools and at the 
academies in Gilmanton and New Hampton. 
He was in business in Boston for a time in 
early manhood, am! afterward engaged in the 
summer boarding industry in Meredith, and 
later in Andover where he was also interested 
in dairying; but removed to Laconia in 1S96, 
where he remained till death, serving the 
greater portion of the time as superintendent 
of the Belknap County Farm. He was super- 
intendent of schools when a young man in 
Belmont and a selectman in Andover. He 
was a Patron of Husbandry and a Knight of 
Honor. He leaves a widow, who was Miss 
Abbie L. Smith of Meredith, and two daugh- 
ters — Maude, wife of Ellsworth H. Rollins of 
Alton and Blanche, at home.. 

PROF. CHARLES R. BROWN 

Charles Rufus Brown, Professor of Hebrew 
in the Newton Theological Institution New- 
ton Mass., a native of the town of Kingston, 
died at. a sanatorium in Melrose, Mass., Feb- 
ruary 1, 1914. 

Professor Brown was bora February 22, 
1849, the son of Samuel and Elvira Latham 
(Small) Brown. He was educated for the 
Navy, graduating from the Academy at 
Annapolis in 1869, and continuing in the serv- 
ice till 1S74, when he resigned and entered 
the Newton Theological Institution, but left 
and entered Harvard University graduating 
in 1877, and returning to the Newton Insti- 
tution from which he graduated in 1879. He 
continued his studies at Berlin and Leipsic 
in Germany for two years, and, returning 
borne, was ordained to the Baptist ministry 
in 1881, and entered upon a pastorate at 
Franklin Falls. Two years later he was ap- 
pointed Associate Professor of Biblical Inter- 
pretation at Newton, and three years after 
that was mad',- professor of Hebrew and cog- 
nate languages, continuing till his late illness. 
Meanwhile, he was for a time a professor at 
the Boston University School of Theology 
and at the University of Chicago Summer 
School. He had also preached in many New 
England pulpits, had received honorary de- 
grees from Colby and Colgate Colleges, and 
was resident director of the American School 
of Oriental Research in Jerusalem in 1910-11, 
while on leave of absence from Newton. In 
18S4 he married Clarissa Locke Dodge of 
Hampton Falls. 



WILLIAM YEATON 

William Yeaton, a well-known resident of 
Concord for nearly thirty years, died at his 
home, in that city, February 15, 1914. 

He was born in Pittsrield June 30, 1836, 
and educated in the public schools and the 
academy in that town. He engaged in teach- 
ing for some time and was also superintend- 
ing school committee in Pittsrield. In 1S64- 
he went West and was engaged for a year in 
the express business at Centralia, 111. Re- 
turning home he was engaged in insurance 
in Pittsrield till 1S74 when he was appointed 
register of probate for Merrimack County by 
Governor Weston, holding the office two years. 
Subsequently he was engaged in mercantile 
business in Pittsrield, but being elected treas- 
urer of the Farmington Savings Bank, he re- 
moved to that town where he continued 
till 1SS5, serving meantime as a member of 
the school board. In 1SS5 he removed to 
Concord, becoming New Hampshire Agent 
of the Dakota Farm Mortgage Company and, 
later, president of the American Trust Com- 
pany, which ofnee he held several years. 

Mr. Yeaton was well known in politics as 
a Democrat. Besides serving as register of 
probate, he was representative from Pittsrield 
in 18G7. He had been many years a member 
of the Democratic State Committee, and was 
for some time treasurer of that organization. 
He had also been a member of the Board of 
Education of Union School District in Con- 
cord. He was an Episcopalian in religion, 
and a Kni ght Tempi ar ^ I ason . M ay 23 , 1 S67 
he married Josephine C. Drake of Pittsfield, 
who survives him, with two children — Lillian, 
a Wellesley graduate and a teacher in the 
Concord High School, and George W., a 
physician of Medway Mass. 

REV. LEWIS W. PHILLIPS 

Rev. Lewis W. Phillips of Franklin, long 
known in public and religious life, died at his 
home in that city February 18, 1914, follow- 
ing a long illness. 

Mr. Phillips was born in Woodstock, Yt., 
August 28, ISIS. He was a student at Proctor 
Academy when the war broke out, and at the 
age of fifteen enlisted in the Union Army, 
going to the front with his father, who was 
also a clergyman, and then living in Maine 
His health was greatly impaired from malaria 
while in the service, from the effects of which 
he never fully recovered. After the war he 
worked in the scythe factory at New London 
for sometime, pursuing his studies meanwhile 
and preparing himself for the ministry, to 
which he was ordained at South Danbury in 
1SG9 and preached there for some time, when 
he was called to Haverhill Mass. He subse- 
quently held pastorates in Rye, and Wolfe- 
boro, and at Lubec, Me., whence he was called 
to the pulpit of the Christian Church at 
Franklin in 1893, where he continued through 
life, his pastorate being a very successful one. 



Editor and Publisher's Notes 



95 



He took a deep interest in public affairs, was 
; , m< mber of the Board of Health in Franklin 
•. '•.] years, and for twelve years a member 
of the Board of Education of which he was 
long president. He represented his ward in 
the state legislature in 1901 and 1903 and was 
a valuable and efficient member of the House. 
In 1905 he was chosen chaplain of that body, 
lie was a Mason and a member of the G. A. R, 
He leaves one son— Prof. John L. Phillips of 
Phillips Academy, Andovei, Mass., and three 
married daughters. 

GEN. IRA CROSS 

Ira Cross, born in Swanzey, July 23, 1833> 
dK'd in Nashua February 11, 1914. 

General Crpss was a son of Benjamin and 
Susanna (Foster) Cross, and a descendant of 
Joseph Cross, one of the first settlers of Not- 
tingham West,* now Hudson. He removed 
with his parents to Peterborough and later to 
Manchester, where, in 1S09, he married Sarah 
A. Sanborn, who survives him with two chil- 
dren — Anna F. and Fred D., both of Nashua. 

While residing in Manchester he was twice 
elected a- representative in the legislauire by 
the Republicans of his ward, and twice mayor 
of the city — in 1875 and 18TG, but resigned 
before the close of his lasi term and removed 
to Clinton, Mass., where he resided till 1883, 



when he again removed, establishing His home 
in Nashua where he continued through life. 
He was adjutant-general of the National 
Guard, for two terms and was for several 
years overseer of the poor in Nashua; also for 
some Time auditor of the state treasurer's 
accounts. He was a 32d degree Mason, a 
Knight Templar, and a member of Peter- 
borough Lodge, I. O. O. F. 

TRUE W. THOMPSON 

True W. Thompson, register of probate, for 
Belknap Count}- died at his home in Laconia, 
February 14, 1914. 

He was a native of Durham, born August 
15, 1841, educated in the schools of Durham 
and Newmarket and at Moses Cartland's 
famous school in Lee. He studied law for 
several years, but drifted into newspaper work 
and never sought admission to the bar. 

He located in Laconia in 1882 and became 
a writer for the Belknap Daily Tocsin, and 
was afterward a reporter for the Democrat, a 
correspondent of the Boston Globe, Manches- 
ter Union, and the Associated Press. He was 
associate justice of the Laeonia police court 
from 1897 to 1911 and had been register of 
probate since 1898. He was a Republican in 
poiitics and a Lmitarian in religion. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



Sherman I;. Whipple of Boston and Brook- 
line, one of the brainiest, most brilliant and 
most successful lawyers in Massachusetts, who 
in justice to New England, at least, might 
well have been Attorney-General in the Cab- 
inet cf President Wilson, recently stiYred 
up the fossils by an address before the Con- 
necticut Bar Association in which he took 
strong ground against established methods 
in legal procedure, especially regarding the 
rules of evidence, whereby the truth is often 
suppressed and justice defeated. Ex-Presi- 
dent Taft and other lawyers of conservative 
tendencies, who have more regard for estab- 
lished^custpm and musty precedent than for 
the triumph of justice despite such obstacles, 
took prompt occasion to antagonize his posi- 
tion and denounce, his utterances as revolu- 
tionary and dangerous. Nevertheless, the 
fair-minded man, who believes that no artifi- 
cial barriers of precedent and privilege should 
be allowed to thwart justice and circumvent 
the right, feels bound to sustain Mr. Whipple. 
• example, Judge Towne's paper, the Frank- 



lin J 



ounial-Transcript. which would naturally 



&e expected to side with Mr. Taft if it could 
«£nsifitently do so, frankly declares its belief 
that Mr. Whipple is right, and goes on to say: 
As the rules of evidence now are the witness 
jwears to tell the truth, the whole truth and 
gibing but the truth. Then he is not al- 
>■ ^ed to tell anything. He is asked questions 
anu he may make reply, but he may know a 



great deal about the case which heisnot allowed 
to tell. A trial often appears to be a game 
between the lawyers rather than an honest 
effort to get at facts." The Rochester Cour- 
ier also, edited by a man who could have no 
predilections in Mr. Whipple's favor, says: 
"President Taft's speech the other evening 
made no answer at all to the facts which Mr. 
Whipple has stated and which cannot be gain- 
said. Everybody knows that it is true that 
technicalities and musty precedents govern 
our courts, instead of principles of justice and 
honest attempts to hud out the truth. . . 
. The greatest need of this country today 
is more justice, speedier justice and less rusty 
and dusty precedent; less technicalities to 
defeat the ends of true justice." The f act- 
that Mr, Whipple is a son of New Hampshire, 
bora and bred among our hills; that he stud- 
ied his profession in our largest city, married 
a New Hampshire girl and cherishes a spirit 
of devoted loyalty to the state, makes bis 
contention of greater interest to our people 
than would otherwise be the case, however 
great its merits, or vital its importance." 

Reference to Mr. Whipple calls to rnind 
another prominent son of New Hampshire, 
who long practiced at the Massachusetts bar, 
and whose methods were sometimes at va- 
riance with established rule and precedent; 
but who, 'nevertheless, made himself the suc- 
cessful champion of the poor and friendless 



96 



The Gr anile Monthly 



in manyaii apparently hopeless cause. This 
man was Gen. Benjamin F. Butler, who went 
down from the town of Deerfield and made 
for himself a larger place in the professional 
and public life of the old Bay State than many 
of itsnativesons have ever filled, although envy 
and prejudice, cherished even at the present 
day. have stood in the way of the appropriate 
recognition of his merits at the hands of the 
Commonwealth. Year after year the move- 
ment in favor of the erection of a statue of 
General Butler on the State House grounds, 
has met the same unreasoning opposition that 
so long stood in the way of a similar tribute 
to Ex-President Pierce in this state though 
based on different grounds, hut there now 
seems to be a probability of its success, if not 
this year in the not distant future. 



the revengeful persecution of Thaw than the 
furtherance of the cause of justice on the pro- 
tection of society, is regarded with deep in- 
terest throughout the country. 



Among the many New Hampshire born men 
in Massachusetts who have attained promi- 
nence in business or professional life one of 
the most conspicuous at the present time is 
John II. Fahey of Boston, a son of Peter 
Fahey of Manchester, where he was born 
something ever forty years ago. His father 
was a local Democratic pohtician of note, and 
the son early developed exceptional abilities 
and sought a larger field of effort, than his 
native city afforded. He went to Boston 
where he engaged in newspaper work, soon 
becoming manager of the Association Press, 
and later editor and publisher of the Boston 
Traveler. He has also been active in financial 
and commercial affairs, and is now president 
of the firm of Pbdip, Boyd & Co., invest- 
ment bankers of Boston and Dallas, Texa=. 
He has been conspicuous in the work of the 
Boston Chamber of Commerce and was a 
leading spirit in the organization of the Cham- 
ber of Commerce of the United Slates, of 
which he is now the head. He recently pur- 
chased the Worcester Evening Post, an in- 
dependent Democratic paper, of which he is to 
be editor and publisher, though retaining his 
residence in Boston and his interest in the 
other imjx>rtani enterprises with which he is 
connected. 



_ The petition of Harry K. Thaw, the noto- 
rious slayer of the no less notorious Stanford 
White of New York, for a writ of habeas 
corpus, in the United States District Court 
before Judge Aldrich, following his arrest at 
Colebrook, upon extradition process, and the 
accompanying petition for admission to bail 
pending the determination of the former, still 
remain undisposed of by that tribunal, and 
Thaw still remains a guest at the Eagle Hotel 
in Concord, under official surveillance; but is 
contriving to get a fair measure cf enjoyment 
in the bracing atmosphere and Arctic temper- 
ature wbir-U a New Hampshire winter affords. 
Meanwhile the movement in the New York 
legislature looking toward a full expose of the 
means and methods resorted to by the friends 
of White, in what has come to look more like 



Two measures adopted at the recent annual 
meeting of the New Hampshire Board of 
Trade, though of widely different character, 
may be regarded of equal importance and 
interest. The first was the adoption of a 
resolution providing for the appointment of a 
standing Committee to farther the project for 
a fitting celebration of the Tercentenary of 
the Landing of the Pilgrims and the settle- 
ment of New England, in 1920, and the second 
a resolution favoring the holding of a Stale 
industrial exhibition in Concord or Manches- 
ter the coming Autumn, and the appointment 
of a Committee to consider the matter and 
report at the Spring meeting in Dover, The 
Committee appointed imder the first resolu- 
tion consists of H. II . Metcalf of Concord, 
Charles S. Emerson of Milford, C. Gale Shedd 
of Keene, A. G. Whittemore of Dover and 
Sherman E. Burroughs of Manchester. That 
under the second includes William Savacool 
of Manchester, Albert I. Foster of Concord, 
E. Ned Davis of Franklin, L. F. Thurber of 
Nashua and G. A. Fairbanks cf Newport. 

The abolition of the post office at East 
Acworth/in Sullivan County, which became 
an accomplished fact February 14, is occa- 
sioning some comment, and not a little mourn- 
ing in that immediate region, though there 
are two other post offices in the town, and 
that at Lempster is only two miles distant. 
The interesting fact about this post office is 
that it was kept in the same house and held 
by members of the same (the Buss) family for 
the fifty-two years of its existence. The 
place has genera llv been known as "Buss 
Hollow.'-' 



Two aggravating mistakes were made in 
connection with the article on "New Hamp- 
shire Judges"' in the last issue of the 
Granite Monthly. In place of the por- 
trait of non. William A. Plummer, Associate 
Justice of the Supreme Court, that of Rev. 
Sidney B. Snow was accidentally inserted; 
while the portrait of Walter Pitman was 
used where that of Judge William Pitman 
should have been. 

In the Meredith article, in the last issue, 
the name of Austin S. Moulton was printed 
as Arthur S. Moulton. In the same article, 
in the sketch of Col. Ebenezer Stevens, men- 
tion of his first marriage was inadvertently 
omitted. Colonel Stevens married first, 
Therina, daughter of John S. and Leah- 
(Prescott) Osgood, of Gilmanton, by whom 
he had three children — Cyrus A., Celestia A-,, 
who married Edward Stowell of No. Adams, 
Mass., and Ebenezer, who died in childhood. 
She died January 17, 1845. 



VOL. XL VI, No. 4 



APKSL, 1924 



New Series, Vol, IX, Mo, 4 



THE 



A 




A New Hampshire Magazine 

Devoted to History, Biography, Literature and State Prpgres 



&2l 



CONTENTS FOR APRIL 



Hon, John C. Hutchins With frontispiece 



By George II . Wool, Stewart Edward Etowe, Eldora Haines Walker, 
L. Adelaide Shern an, Charles Nev-r S Holmes Elias H. Cheney, L. J. H. 
Frost. 









■■97 fe 

ioi ray 

113 fMi 



123 i§8« 



\./;W Exeter and the Phillips Academy 
*S \-\ By Sarah B,; Lawrence. Illustrated 

New Hampshire and the Presidency 

t V^ "Old Acworth" •.. . . 116 Vg*' : 

*^5S By Frank B. Kingsbury 

*,/;?' Problems of Life and Mind 

\*&l By Francis H. Goodalo 

Cd$$ New Hampshire Necrology 

a 

efe§4 Poems 

1 

Issued by The Granite Monthly . Company 

HENRY H. METCALF. Editor and Manager 



124 

127 f'V: 

vfev 



TERMS: $1.00 per annum, in advance; $1.50 if sot paid in advance. Single copies, 15 cents 

CONCORD, N. H. f 1914 

Entered at the post office at Concord as second-class mail matter. 



--..-- -,. . , . >-,-'. , . .J- "fix - 



<-./r'. 



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"■■■^x 



I 

L 



HON. JOHN C. HUTCHIN5 



t 7 f t 



The Granite Monthly 



Voi . XL VI, No. 4 



APRIL, 1914 



Nf/sv Series, Vol. 9, No. 4 



HON. JOHN C. HUTCHINS 

Announces His Candidacy for the Democratic Gubernatorial 

Nomination 



That section of New Hampshire 
generally known as the "North 
Country," embracing the "White 
Mountain region and the territory 
above, or the Counties of Coos, Carroll 
and northern Grafton, has furnished 
the state but two governors during its 
entire history — Jared W. Williams, 
Democrat, of Lancaster, who occupied 
t)K: executive chair from June, 1847, 
to June, 1849, and Chester B. Jordan, 
Republican, of the same town, whose 
term included the full years 1901 and 
1002. 

It is true that Henry 0. Kent,' also 
of Lancaster, was the Democratic nom- 
inee for the office twenty years -ago, 
in 1894, and again in 1896, when the 
nomination involved nothing but the 
duty of leading a forlorn hope; but 
there seems to be a feeling among 
North Country Democrats at the pres- 
ent time, when, in their belief, the 
chances of party success are excellent, 
that the nomination should go once 
more to their section of the state. 

In deference to the wishes of many 
of his fellow Democrats in that region, 
and the manifest desire of many more 
in other parts of the state, who recog- 
nize in him something more than the 
representative of a section, in view of 
his loyal and efficient service as Sen- 
ator from District Number One dur- 
ing the last legislative session, the 
Hon. John C. Hutchins of Stratford 
has definitely announced his purpose 
to be a candidate for the Democratic 
nomination for governor at the Sep- 
tember primary election, in a letter 
published in the newspapers of Mon- 



day, April 13, in which he declares 
his appreciation of the responsibilities 
resting upon a candidate for this high 
position, and his purpose, if nomi- 
nated, to make every honorable and 
legitimate effort in his power to be 
elected at the polls in November, go- 
ing before the voters of his party upon 
his record as a Democrat and as a 
public official in the various positions 
of trust in which it has been his pleas- 
ure to serve the public in the past. 

In the legislative double number 
of the Granite Monthly, for March- 
April, 1913, a brief biographical 
sketch of Mr. Hutchins was presented, 
the substance of which, with such 
additional facts as may be material, 
may properly be presented in this 
connection. 

John Corbin Hutchins was born 
in Wolcott, Vt., February 3, 1864, the 
eighth of nine children of Lewis Smith 
and Mareia M. (Aiken) Hutchins, and 
great-grandson of Parley Hutchins 
of Edinburgh, Scotland, who settled in 
this co entry immediately after the 
Revolution. He was educated in the 
public schools, and at Hardwiek (Vt.) 
Academy, where he attended during 
the spring and fall terms for four 
years, teaching district school winters 
and working on his father's farm in 
summer. He was for a time assistant 
principal in the academy and pursued 
a post-graduate course. In the winter 
of 1883 he taught in the high school at 
Gouldsville. 

In 1884 he removed to North Strat- 
ford, N. 1L, where he has since re- 
mained, soon after entering the em- 



9S 



The Granite Monthly 



ploy of C. C. Carpenter in his drug 
and jewelry store, where lie devoted 
himself earnestly to the acquirement 
of a thorough knowledge of the busi- 
ness, meanwhile acting for a time as 
teacher in the higher grade of the 
grammar school. In 1886, on account 
of failing health, Mr. Carpenter de- 
termined to close out his business, and 
Mr. Hutchins, who had already suc- 
cessfully passed his examination be- 
fore the State Board of Pharmacy, 
became the purchaser and has con- 
ducted the same with great success to 
the present time ; while his abundant 
endowment of energy and enterprise 
Las led him into extensive operations 
in other lines of business, which he has 
pursued with like results, at the same 
time giving no little time and atten- 
tion to the public service. 

He was a member-of the commission 
which adjusted the land damages re- 
sulting from the extension of the 
Maine Central Railroad line through 
Coos County, rendering valuable serv- 
ice in the work. In 1889-'90 and 
'91 he served as chairman of the board 
of selectmen of the town of Stratford, 
during which time important business 
matters were conducted to the eminent 
satisfaction of the j>eople. He was 
collector of taxes in 1S96, and for 
several successive terms ; and, in 1898, 
was chosen representative in the legis- 
lature by the largest majority which 
Lad ever been given a candidate in 
the town, serving in the session of 

1899 upon the Committees on Appro- 
priations and National Affairs. In 

1900 he was elected a member of the 
board of education, in which position 
he was instrumental in the establish- 
ment of a high school at North Strat- 
ford, the marked success of which in- 
stitution is largely due to his interest 
and efforts. 

In 190S Mr. Hutchins was a mem- 
ber of the New Hampshire delegation 
in the National Democratic Conven- 
tion at Denver, and in November, 
1912, was his party's candidate for 
State Senator from District Number 
One, embracing Coos County, receiv- 



ing a plurality of 200 votes, where at 
the previous election there was a Re- 
publican majority of more than 500, 
and being elected in legislative joint 
convention, as the first Democrat to 
hold the office in a period of twenty 
years. 

Upon the organization of the Sen- 
ate, Mr, Hutchins was assigned to 
service upon the important Com- 
mittees on Education, Banks, Man- 
ufactures and Revision of the Laws, 
of the first of which he was chairman. 
He was faithful in attendance, active 
and alert in the furtherance of all 
measures which he deemed pro- 
motive of the public welfare, not neg- 
lecting the interests of his party 
whose success he regards essential to 
that object. He was chairman of the 
joint committee of legislators and cit- 
izens having in charge the celebration 
in Concord of the Democratic vic- 
tories at the polls and in the legisla- 
ture, following the election of United 
States Senator, and through his active 
leadership in the upper branch of the 
legislature during the session, in the 
furtherance of all measures deemed 
essential to the part}* welfare, gamed 
the confidence and admiration of 
Democrats throughout the state. 

Mr. Hutchins is active and promi- 
nent in the Masonic order and the 
Knights of Pythias, being a Knight 
Templar -and 32d degree Mason, a 
charter member of Stratford Lodge, 
No. 30, K. of P., in which he has held 
all the offices, as well as in the Grand 
Lodge, of which he was elected Grand 
Chancellor at "Woodsville in 1900. He 
is also a member of Berlin Lodge of 
B. P. O. Elks. 

On October 24, 1889, Mr. Hutchins 
married Sadie H., daughter of Thomas 
II. and Ellen (Rowell) Mayo. They 
Lave Lad tLree cLildren, of whom two 
sons survive — Ralph Mayo, born Au- 
gust 20, 1890 and Paul Aiken, August 
17, 1900. A daughter, Ruth "Ward, 
died in childhood. • 

Senator Hutchins is a man of won- 
derfully strong personality. Consid- 
erably above the average man pLysi- 



A Xtiv Guitar Song 99 

eally, lie is endowed with corre- vestments in timber lands 'and other 
spending mental ability. He easily properties in which he Las large in- 
eomprehends the needs of the pub- terests, while as a public official he has 
lie on all important questions, and discharged every duty with credit to 
tempers his action witli equity and himself and honor to his constituents, 
justice. He is well educated, is Should his candidacy for the nomi- 
ready, fluent and witty in debate, nation be successful, and the choice of 
His social qualities and his generous his party be ratified by the people at 
arid kindly treatment of all classes of the polls, those who know him best 
people make him extremely popular have full confidence to believe that his 
in every community where he is administration of the affairs of state 
known. As a business man he lias would be alike honorable and success- 
few superiors. He has shown rare fnl, from the personal as well as the 
skill and sound judgment in his in- public standpoint. 



A NEW GUITAR SONG 

By George E. Wood 

In Venice you hear it, it comes from afar, 
'er the blue waters the lively guitar, 
Softly and lightly from window and bower, 
It cheats of its sadness the wearisome hour. 
Oh, it is an enchanting pleasure, 
To waltz, waltz this measure ! 
Oh, it is an enchanting pleasure, 
To waltz, waltz this measure ! 

Softly and lightly when daylight is gone, 
And dim floating shadows of evening come on ; 
Softly and lightly beneath the bright moon, 
In a lonely parterre of a crowded saloon. 
Oh, it is an enchanting pleasure, 
To waltz, waltz this measure ! 
Oh, it is an enchanting pleasure, 
To waltz, waltz this measure ! 

Softly and lightly some beautiful nun, 
"When th' task of th* Ave Maria is done, 
She steals to her lattice and mournfully plays, 
To th' friends, and th' lovers of happier days. 
Oh, it is an enchanting pleasure, 
To waltz, waltz this measure ! 
Oh, it is an enchanting pleasure, 
To waltz, waltz this measure ! 

Th ' gondolier moves softly beneath th ' bright stars, 
And blends his voice sweetly with flutes and guitars; 
So some beautiful night leave thy lattice ajar, 
And music shall float o'er the soft summer air. 
'Oh, it is an enchanting pleasure, 
To waltz, waltz this measure I 
Oh, it is an enchanting pleasure, 
To waltz, waltz this measure ! 



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EXETER AND THE PHILLIPS ACADEMY 



B^i Sarah B. Lawrence 



On a visit to Exeter, New Hamp- 
shire, and its suburbs, travelers find 
themselves in a wonderland of Eng- 
lish geography, for at intervals of a 
few miles, the familiar names of 
Portsmouth, Nottingham, Epping, 
Kensington and Brentwood may be 
seen on the way-side stations. Exe- 
ter, with its elm-shaded streets, its per- 
fect sky line and its quiet beauty has 
an inland stream flowing over a suc- 
cession of ledges into a broad basin, 
where its waters mingle with the tides 



through on the two-mile row are like 
a series of captivating sketches: the 
meadows rich in buttercups; Jersey 
cows, stealing down to the water in 
the cool shadows beneath the trees; 
the birds, pouring out their flood of 
song ; the si")lash of oars and the laugh- 
ing voices give just the note of human 
brightness the landscape needs — no 
more. 

The river bounds one side of the 
playing field of twenty-three acres — ■ 
one of the finest in New England, 



Abbott Place — Principal's House 



of the ocean. It is on the Squam- 
scott River, explored by Capt. John 
Smith in 1614, that the Phillips Exe- 
ter students row when practising for 
their boat races. On summer after- 
noons, the students in gayly decorated 
canoes and row-boats float up the nar- 
row winding " Fresh river" running 
through deep woods where slender 
tree-tops, standing motionless against 
the sky, reflect their beauty in a cir- 
cular basin of "water, bordered with 
ferns and violets growing down to the 
water's, edge. The scenes they pass 



presented to Phillips Exeter by Mr. 
George A. Plimpton, '73, of New 
York, a Trustee of the Academy. 
The English system of dormitories 
has been almost entirely adopted and 
at present the Exeter school, number- 
ing over five hundred students, owns 
the most spacious and picturesquely 
set estates in the New England town. 
A recently acquired estate is the beau- 
tiful Gardiner Oilman farm. Addi- 
tions have been built to the original 
mansion houses, with their" attractive 
gardens and lawns, which'. a>*e closely 



f02 




Exeter and the Phillips Academy 



103 



associated with the early history of 
the country, and new buildings have 
been erected under the progressive 
management of the late Dr. Harlan 
P. Amen. The school is now the larg- 
est in its history. The honor system 
in force, as a means of governing the 
students, has been highly developed 
and leading authorities connected 
with the school testify to the value of 
this method of discipline. 

For thirty years, Hon. Amos Tuck, 
a well-known statesman, who named 
the Republican party in America, was 
one of the Trustees of the Phillips 



years, his home being in Andover, 
Mass., where his father, too, was a 
minister. 

He came to Exeter as a teacher and 
a preacher. After a year he decided 
to enter mercantile life, engaging in 
ship-building — by which he amassed 
what was considered a fortune in 
those days. Forty years after Mr. 
Phillips came to Exeter he bestowed 
a third of his fortune, $100,000, upon 
Andover where he was born and the 
rest to Exeter to establish classical 
training schools for boys. It was the 
largest gift then known in America! 



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Alumni Hall 



Exeter school. He was the father of 
Edward Tuck, LL.D., the great Amer- 
ican philanthropist in Pari?:, France. 
Representatives from far-away 
Armenia, Japan and India are in 
attendance at the famous American 
preparatory school. In 1741, the 
founder of the school, Rev. John 
Phillips, a grandson of Rev. George 
Phillips, a graduate of Cambridge, 
who, ten years after the landing of 
the Pilgrims at Plymouth came over 
the sea with a. band of Puritans 
headed by John Winthrop, came to 
Exeter, having graduated from Har- 
vard in 1735 at the age of sixteen 



The name Exeter was borrowed 
from Exeter, England, fry Rev. John 
Wheelwright, the founder, who was 
born in or near Lincolnshire, Eng- 
land, in the early part of 1592. He 
was graduated from Sydney College, 
Cambridge, where he gained his bach- 
elor degree in 1611 and that of M. A. 
four years later, one of his fellow 
collegians being • the famous Oliver 
Cromwell. Mr. Wheelwright mar- 
ried, November 8, 1621, Marie, daugh- 
ter of the Rev. Thomas Storre, vicar 
of Bilsby, in the County of Lincoln; 
and on the 9th of April, 1623, having 
taken holy orders on the death of his 



/ uy v 









Exeter and the Phillips Academy 



105 



father-in-law, succeeded him in the 
vicarage. Not long after lie "was led 
to question the authority of certain 
dogmas and observances of the Eng- 
lish Church, until he found 'himself 
arrayed in the ranks of the Puritans, 
so that after about ten years he was 
silenced by the ecclesiastical powers 
for non- conformity. He then emi- 
grated to the new world and took 
with him his wife by a second mar- 
riage, Mary, daughter of Edward 
Hutchinson of Aliord, and his five 
children, and landed in Boston May 
26, 1636. 



local sagamore and on April 3, 163S. 
a release was signed by the Indians 
in the form of a deed which is now in 
the Rockingham County Records, 
signed by four Indian sachems, dated 
March 17, 1639. The Indians were 
paid in what they called a "valuable 
consideration/' such as coats, shirts, 
bottles, etc. The deed was signed by 
Wehaugnouawit, Passiconaway, Run- 
awit and Rowles. 

The signatures were made in crude 
picture-writing, used even now by 
the Alaskan Indians. The marks or 
totems to the names were a deer's 






•^ 



,^j 



Gilman House 



He was banished from Boston on 
account of a sermon tending to sedi- 
tion and, with his family and a band 
of fanatic followers, sailed for a local- 
ity called Squamscott where the lords 
of the soil were red-men, the true 
Americans of the new world. They 
found a wilderness of soft -tipped, 
waving pines and a thick growth of 
fragrant fir in a soothing balsam- 
laden atmosphere The shores of the 
river were dotted with the wigwams 
of the Indians and on its bosom 
floated their birch-bark canoes. 

Wheelwright purchased a tract of 
land, about thirty miles square, of the 



antlers, a bow and arrow; a one- 
armed man and a figure of a man 
with extended arms. A settlement 
was cleared which they called a plan- 
tation, and for protection from the 
Indians a garrison house was built, 
and this relic of frontier days is still 
fondly cherished by the people of 
Exeter. 

In 1641, Wheelwright went back to 
England. Oliver Cromwell had been 
raised to the head of the English 
Commonwealth and Wheelwright was 
conducted into his presence. The 
Lord Protector recognized him as an 
old Cambridge College acquaintance. 



1-6&. 






■ 



.-.- 



- 
> 



1 1 












Exeter and the Phillips Academy 



107 



"I remember," said Cromwell, "when 
I have been more afraid of meeting 
Wheelwright at football than of meet- 
ing any army since in the field. " 
Cromwell afterwards appointed 
Wheelwright to a post of distinction. 
After the Restoration, he returned to 
New England where he died in 1GS0 
at the age of eighty-one. Thus it will 
be seen that Exeter in America was 
settled by an English football player. 
Exeter is a town whose historic 
supremacy is as noteworthy as any 
other in all New England. It is not 
merely a historic town with a past 



The Academy's reputation was 
made before the days of dormitories, 
and who shall say that the cultured 
people of Exeter did not wield a 
mighty influence for good over the 
minds of the students, who became 
illustrious in after years, and gave 
the Academy its prestige. 

The writer is in receipt of many 
letters from old students, in which 
they speak in affectionate terms of 
their school life in Exeter as among 
their happiest days. One letter in 
particular from Francis McNutt — a 
Protestant while in Exeter — while he 























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Gardiner Gilnian House (On Right; 



but it is rich in tradition, with an 
interesting present and an auspicious 
future. Has it not given to the world 
of Art a Madame Elizabeth Gardner 
Bougeureau; Edward Tuck, a great 
philanthropist, honored on two conti- 
nents and presented with the Cross 
of the Legion of Honor; Ambrose 
Swasey, a distinguished scientist, a 
member of the Royal Society of Engi- 
neers and decorated with the Cross 
of the Legion of Honor, and Daniel 
Chester French, whose name as a 
sculptor is world-wide? As if these 
names were not enough to give glory 
to the old town, a long list of others 
i&ight be added. 



was occupying a position in the Vati- 
can, as first chamberlain to the Pope 
of Rome, told of his love for the 
people of Exeter and of a little visit 
to the town when he called to see his 
landlady, Mrs. Bickford, and went 
over to the late Mrs. Titcomb's, where 
he used to take his meals, and picked 
a flower from the old garden to take 
back to Europe with him. 

A prominent lawyer in New York 
writes of the stimulus that he received 
for good reading and high thinking 
while a member of Mrs. 's fam- 
ily during the four years while he was 
a student of the Academy. 

It is given to certain minds to so 



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Exeter and On: Phillips Academy 



100 



plant the impress of their character 
in the institution with which they are 
connected, as to make them endure for 
many years after their personal con- 
nection has ceased. Such may be true 
of Dr. Abbott's and Dr. Soule's long 
connection with the Academy, that 
lias felt their guiding hands and the 
inspiration of their active minds and 
cultured thoughts. 

No school could live and take high 
rank among educational institutions, 
simply because it was maintained by 
people of wealth, but there must be 
permeating it. like a thread of gold, 



thinking, and I earnestly wish that 
their influence might go out beyond 
the school, for education, is not the 
result of a course of study, but it is 
the result of a course of experience. 
It is useless to waste vitality in try- 
ing to think out the unthinkable, 
and human souls need to lie guided 
through the pitfalls of daily life. I 
would like to see the teachers of the 
Academy interest themselves in politi- 
cal, civic, philanthropic and social 
problems, which affect the entire 
American race. Let there be a "get 
together spirit" between the town 



: 





>^M 



Plympton Playing Fields — Tennis Courts 



that fine conception of life as a whole, 
and its breadth must emanate from 
the head of the school. It requires 
many years to give that seal of human 
personality, which is of such inesti- 
mable value, to an institution of 
learning, as the sculptor impresses 
his dream upon the marble. The in- 
dustrial revolution, the new social 
order, and the changed conditions of 
life, call for deep thought, generous 
deeds, tireless diligence and steadfast 
patience. 

The Academy has a trained galaxy 
of progressive instructors and profes- 
sors, advanced in thought and high 



and the Academy, for has not Exeter 
given to the school its picturesque 
setting and its origin! Why should 
not the townspeople and the Academy 
act in harmony, when the school is a 
product of Exeter, and not a thing 
apart, like Andover, which was only 
the birthplace of Mr. Phillips? 

Let us refresh our minds by quot- 
ing a little history: "After a resi- 
dence in Exeter of two years as a 
teacher, Mr. Phillips decided 'to cast 
in his lot with the people of Exeter 
and was enrolled in 1743," etc. Mr. 
Phillips married at twenty-four, not 
the young lady to whom his atlec- 



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ill 

s I jilt 

I ill ll-il I ! 



Exeter and the Phillips Academy 



111 



tions began to turn, who was "other- 
wise engaged" but her still youthful 
mother, the widow of Nathaniel Gil- 
man, an estimable woman of great 
piety. Despite desparity of age, the 
union proved a happy one, and, to 
him, a source of profit, as he was 
placed in charge of Captain Oilman's 
affairs. The following year he de- 
cided to enter a mercantile life. 

The town, though small, was clus- 
tered around the river bank and the 



place of business was the house in 
which he lived, on the site of the 
McKey block on Water Street. He 
toiled for nearly thirty years, blowing 
out the candle at night, to save light, 
while having evening devotions, and 
soaking the back log over night, that 
it might not burn so freely by day. 

Having bestowed a third of his for- 
tune upon Andover, he bequeathed 
all the rest to Exeter. He had given 
it away with so clean a hand, that 




Golf Course 



falls. Here on the Squamscott, at the 
head of navigation, was a small inland 
port, where vessels were built (with 
the Gilman money) and lumber in 
vast quantities was brought (from the 
Oilman woods) to be sawed, built into 
ships, and exported. The ox teams 
that had brought the forests from the 
interior could be utilized to distribute 
the goods that came by foreign and 
coastwise vessels into those same in- 
terior countries of the province. His 



there was barely enough for the sup- 
port of his widow for the year or two 
she survived him. 

Dear old Exeter, we, your sons and 
daughters, hold you in tender remem- 
brance. Like all your absent chil- 
dren, we ever turn to you in loving 
thought and affection, and, when the 
sands of life are nearly run, we wish 
our last walk to be in the old familiar 
elm-crowned streets where the chil- 
dren romped and played. 



? r&e, 



MY IDOL 

By Stewart Everett Rowe* 

In the realm of books I've wandered. 
Many men and tilings I've pondered, — 

There IVe seen the mighty wonders of the past; 
There I've read the martyr's story, 
Sensed his grand and deathless glory, 

Dreamed of how his fame in everness will last. 

'Mongst that mystie realm I treasure 
Idols that in countless measure 

Help me up and onward in Life's ceaseless race; 
And the idol that is greatest. 
Always first and never latest 

Is Abe Lincoln's sad and solemn, peaceful face. 

You may talk about your heroes, — 
Say this man and that were zeros, — 

That they didn't, couldn't, wouldn't stand the test; 
But when all is said and done, friends, 
Here's a man, yes, here is one, friends, 

Who looms up, 'way up above, beyond the rest. 

'Though the years, they come and go, friends, 
Still, this man, amid the glow, friends — 

'Mid the glow that clusters 'round his features pure, 
Stands as did he in the war, friends, 
All without one single flaw, friends, 

And his foremost place in hist 'ry is secure. 

Safe and sure, always and ever, 
Time and tide can never, never 

Dim that cogent fact, no matter what befall ; 
When Booth's bullet flamed and flashed, friends, 
Then our greatest man was dashed, friends — 

Dashed to death to live for aye in Martyr's Hall. 

So, go search through hist'ry's pages 
For your martyrs and your sages 

Who have something done that's noble, fine and grand ;- 
But I'll choose the man who saved us 
When .war's roaring ocean laved us, — 

Yes, I'll choose Abe Lincoln for he saved the land. 

Delivered by the author at the ''Lincoln Night, " held hy the Sons of Veterans 
in Exeter, N. H., February 13, 1914. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE AND THE PRESIDENCY* 



3 fc was among the decrees of destiny 
that the presidency for once, at least, 
should come to New Hampshire. It 
was necessarily ordered moreover, that 
this event should transpire before New 
York had become an indispensable 
factor in presidential contests : before 
Indiana had become pivotal; before 
Illinois had become an imperial com- 
monwealth; and before the stars of 
Ohio had preempted the zenith. 

From 1848 to 1 872 the sons of New 
Hampshire were to be reckoned with 
in every quadrennial disposal of the 
candidacies for this great office. 
Cass, nominated by the Democrats in 
1818, was defeated only by a mis- 
chance, possibly an accident, possibly 
by means not justifiable. 

As the campaign of 1852 ap- 
proached, Webster's friends made an 
active canvass for him and for the 
first time his candidacy was openly 
and positively avowed. It is one of 
those unaccountable eccentricities of 
national politics, occasionally and too 
often recurring, that a party, that 
. might make a Webster president 
should be content with a William 
Henry Harrison, a Taylor, or a Scott. 

Levi Woodbury was under serious 
consideration as a possible Demo- 
cratic candidate, but his death in 1851 
closed the book. 

John P. Hale was chosen to lead 
the forlorn hope of the Free-Soilers in 
1852. This candidacy contained no 
element of personal retaliation upon 
either of the great parties, as did that 
of Van Buren in 1818. It cast a side- 
light upon the situation and tenden- 
cies in politics at that time, of which 
few of the contemporary politicians 
were wise enough to take advantage 
or warning. 



Although Webster and Cass still 
stood at the forefront among the 
statesmen of their time, it was to be 
General Pierce's triumph and New 
Hampshire's opportunity. The pres- 
ident was to be one who was not only 
a son of the soil, but a life-long resi- 
dent upon it. He was elected by an 
overwhelming majority. Only a few 
of the leaders in public thought and 
public action realized as did Webster 
the actual volcanic condition of the 
politics of that period. Mr. Pierce's 
administration was, indeed, to con- 
duct national affairs very near to the 
end of that epoch. The portents of 
the coming conflict overshadowed all 
the plans, devices, and efforts of state- 
craft. President Pierce 's official fam- 
ily — Marcy, Guthrie, McCelland, 
Davis, Dobbin, Campbell, and dish- 
ing — was one of the ablest, best organ- 
ized, most harmonious, and most ho- 
mogeneous American cabinets ever 
assembled, and it had the unique dis- 
tinction of unbroken continuance 
during a full presidential term. It 
was the policy of the party, of which 
this administration was of necessity 
the representative and exponent, and 
the conditions of its political environ- 
ment from 1853 to 1857, and not any 
fault or failure of the president in 
adhering to that policy, however un- 
wise and impossible it may have 
appeared in the light of subsequent 
history, that rendered his renomina- 
tion impossible. Franklin Pierce 
administered his great office with 
statesmanlike tact and acumen, with 
notable and unfailing dignity and 
courtesy, and with loyalty to the prin- 
ciples of the party by whose suffrages 
he had been elevated to the chief 
magistracy. It was in obedience to 



*The manuscript of this article was found among j>apers left by the late Hon. Albert S. 
Batchellor of Littleton, State Historian, with nothing to indicate its authorship, or whether 
or not it had ever been published. The editor has no knowledge upon either point; but 
r, '^ards the article, as worthy of reproductio5i if it has ever before been printed. If any 
reader lias ever before seen it, or knows by whom it was written, he will confer a favor by 
informing me. — Editor, Granite Monthly. 



Ill 



The Granite Monthly 



the dictates of party expediency, and 
not in exemplification of the courage 
of political faith and purpose, on the 
part of the Democracy of 1856, that 
James Buchanan was made the party 
nominee instead of Franklin Pierce. 

In this period, Chase, Hale and 
Greeley had already become recog- 
nized as statesmen of presidential pro- 
portions. Chase's candidacy for the 
Republican nomination in I860 and 
1864, and for that of the Democracy 
in 1868, were, in each instance, so 
formidable that, though unsuccessful, 
they were of far-reaching influence in 
national politics. 

The candidacy of Horace Greeley 
by nomination of the liberal Republi- 
cans in 1872, with such a relatively 
unimportant associate as B. Gratz 
Brown, may have been impolitic. 
The ratification of those nominations 
by the national Democracy was sur- 
prising and, of course, temporarily 
disastrous to the party. It was, how- 
ever, a change of front in line of bat- 
tle, and all the chances incident to 
such a movement were necessarily 
taken by those party leaders who were 
convinced that no other course was 
open to them. It was a shifting of all 
the alignment absolutely prerequisite 
to the contest which was opened under 
the leadership of Mr. Tilden in 1876. 

The one opportunity which was pre- 
sented to General Butler, and by the 
acceptance of which he might have 
reached the presidency, was closed to 
him when he declined to accept the 
nomination for the vice-presidency, 
which it was generally conceded was 
at one time at his disposal, on the 
Lincoln ticket in 186-1. His attempt 
to obtain a controlling position in the 
Democratic convention of 18S4 and his 
subsequent flank movement against 
the party which had nominated Mr. 
Cleveland, both miscarried, but his 
attempt to compass by indirection the 
election of Mr. Blaine through his own 
candidacy as the nominee of the so- 
called People's party was too nearly 
successful to be regarded in any other 
light than as an important episode in 



a most remarkable presidential cam- 
paign. 

Henry Wilson had fairly entered 
upon the last stages of a successful 
progress to the presidency when he 
was made vice-president at the second 
Grant election in 1872. This peerless 
organizer was then the natural, if not 
the inevitable, heir to the succession. 
Had he lived it was hardly among the 
possibilities that he could fail to be 
nominated and elected to the presi- 
dency in 1876 or 1880, or for both the 
terms to which Mr. Hayes and Mr. 
Garfield were chosen. 

Zachariah Chandler was regarded 
as an important factor in the disposi- 
tion of the presidency, and his candi- 
dacy, until his death in 1879, was 
attracting an influential following. 

In the cabinets of the war period 
the treasury portfolio was successively 
in the hands of John A. Dix, in the 
last days of the Buchanan administra- 
tion in 1861, and Salmon P. Chase 
and William Pitt Fessenden, at the 
beginning of a Republican regime, 
until the end of the administration of 
Mr. Lincoln. The conduct of this de- 
partment by these three sons of New 
Hampshire constitutes the most im- 
portant chapter in the financial his- 
tory of the American government. 

In the second term of President 
Grant, Zachariah Chandler held the 
office of Secretary of the Interior, 
Amos T. Ackerman that of Attorney- 
General, and Marshall Jewell that of 
Postmaster-General. "With William 
E. Chandler's service as Secretary in 
an important transition period in the 
history of the American Navy and in 
connection with the inauguration of 
far-reaching measures for the develop- 
ment of an adequate American war 
marine in the term of President 
Arthur, the past record of New Hamp- 
shire men in the cabinet is concluded. 

Zachariah Chandler and William E. 
Chandler are also regarded as the 
War wicks of the presidential compli- 
cations and conditions which obtained 
in the contest between Mr. Tilden and 
Mr. Haves in 1876, and their timely, 



Bow, Not Drift 



115 



skillful and strenuous measures are 
now generally regarded as being the 
decisive factors in the course of events 
which resulted in the inauguration of 
Mr. Hayes as president.* 

With the passing of the old school 
of statesmen of New Hampshire nativ- 
ity, of presidential aspirations and 
presidential measure, twenty years 
ago, the state has been practically out 
of presidential politics as it is related 
to personal candidacies. The latter 
representatives of the virile stock of 
the Granite State are evidently at- 
tracted from the domain of national 
and local politics to more important 
and promising financial, commercial 
and material opportunities in the 
world's work. In this field well-in- 
formed observers readily recall the 
forceful and successful personalities 
of James F. Joy, Edward Tuck, 

*As to the "timeliness" of the interference 
tion of the result in the campaign of 1876, th; 
portion of the American people have always re 



Austin Corbin, Charles W. Pillsbury, 
John C. Pillsbury, Thomas W. Pierce, 
Charles S. Mellen, Frank Jones, 
Hiram N. Turner, Charles P. Clark, 
Ezekiel A. Straw, Joseph Stickney, 
Stilson Hut chins and "Long" John 
Wentworth. 

Some time ago, Senator Hoar, in the 
Forum, discussed the question whether 
the United States Senate, in point of 
average ability, had degenerated, com- 
paring it, as it was constituted at the 
time of his writing, with its member- 
ship fifty or seventy-live years ago. 
Mr. Charles R. Miller, in a reply in 
the same magazine, made the remark 
pertinent then to his purpose and per- 
tinent now to these comments, "That 
were "Webster living in these days he 
would neither be in the Senate nor in 
debt." 

of the Messrs. Chandler with the determina- 
re is a wide difference of opinion. A large 
yarded the same as most untimely.— Ed, 



ROW, NOT DRIFT 

By Eldora Haines Walker 

"Wheresoe'er your bark may be 
Out upon Life's open sea, 
Bend to oars right heartily; 
Row, not drift. 

Tho ' the bark be strong or frail, 
Broken helm or tattered sail, 
Bravely breast the stormy gale ; 
Row, not drift. 

"Would you with Ambition's aim, 
Fondly seek the wealth of Fame, 
Strive to win a deathless name ? 
Row, not drift, 

Would you for the Right be strong, 
Overcome the tyrant Wrong, 
Fill the earth with joyous song? 
Row. not drift. 



Pull the oar, thro' calm or stress, 
» Onward to the beacon press, 
Anchor in the port "Success." 
Row, not drift. 
Exeter, New Hampshire. 



/ / fe. 



OLD ACWORTH' 

By Frank B. Kingsbury 



After the recent excellent sketches 
upon old Aeworth and its people, it 
would appear there could be little 
more of interest to be written. How- 
ever, a few items gathered by myself 
during the past thirty-five years may- 
be profitably appended to earlier arti- 
cles. The more familiar one becomes 
with a community, the stronger is he 
attached to it. 

As has been stated, the territory of 
the town of Aeworth was granted in 
1752 as Burnet,' and by the second 
charter, in 1766, the name was 
changed to Aeworth, thereby making 
it the first town in the state- of New 
Hampshire, alphabetically speaking, 
and to some of us, because of early 
memories and associations it is the 
first town in the state in many ways. 

Aeworth is pretty thoroughly an 
agricultural town, and as such has 
some excellent farms. 

In the west part of the town there 
were several good ones, one of 'which 
was the old Dea. Zenas Slader farm, 
now owned by Elmer H. Rugg, one 
of the selectmen. "While in Dover, in 
1908, I met Mrs. Ann E. (Slader) 
Nourse, eldest daughter of Dea. Zenas 
Slader, from whom I obtained notes 
of interest about this farm, her early 
life and people. 

Dea. Zenas Slader, son of Thomas 
and Hannah (Holden) Slader, was 
born about 1800, near Aeworth 
"Town." When a young man, he 
built the stone wall around' the new 
(so-called) village cemetery. In later 
years he became a leading and influ- 
ential citizen of the town ; a select- 
man several years, moderator of the 
town meeting, justice of the peace, 
representative to the state legislature 
in 1861-62, and on November 17, 1812, 
he was chosen deacon of the Congre- 
gational Church, which office lie held 
till his removal to Nebraska in 1869. 



He died in Fremont, that state, about 
1880. 

Immediately after his marriage to 
Melintha Wilson he settled on the 
farm just west of the one owned by 
his father-in-law (where Elmer H. 
Rugg -resided ten years ago). Here 
he remained till January 1, 1829, 
when he was persuaded to buy, on 
easy payments, the large farm owned 
by Joseph "Wilson, his father-in-law, 
and where he resided for nearly 
forty years. At that time the build- 
ings were getting old; there were al- 
most no fences upon the place and 
things were generally "going down." 
However, by zeal and hard work, this 
farm, while in his ownership, became 
one of the best in town. 

In 179S, the Wilsons built on this 
farm the large barn destroyed by 
lightning July 25, 1881, and, in 1833, 
Deacon Slader built the present one, 
next the road.' In the summer of 
1838 he also built the present substan- 
tial stone house, the only one, I think, 
in town. The stones for this house 
were all picked up about the farm, 
except the split ones, which came from 
the "Osgood ledge." This house re- 
placed' a large, old-fashioned, one- 
story wooden dwelling that stood on 
the exact spot. There was at that 
time a cider-mill (a horse and a sweep 
were used for grinding the apples), a 
few feet west of the old house, that 
was used as a dwelling while the stone 
house was being built. This was long 
before either the Crane brook or Lang- 
don roads were built. 

The above-mentioned "Sirs. Ann E. 
(Slader) Nourse, now deceased, was 
born December 27, 1823, in the house 
where her parents started housekeep- 
ing. She always attended school on 
Derry Hill and there were from sixty 
to seventy scholars when she was 
young, say eighty years ago. 



11 Old Acworth 



IV 



Forty years later, in the fall of 
1&74,, this same school was taught by 
Mrs. Angie M, (Hay ward) Livingston, 
of South Acworth, with the following 
pupils : Andrew Ishani, If arris Isham, 
Frank Reed, Hattie M. Blanehard, 
Eddie M. Kingsbury, Lizzie E. Kings- 
bury, Prank B. Kingsbury, Delia P. 
Kingsbury, and possibly one or two 
others; hence, this school, in about 
forty years, had dwindled to nine or 
ten scholars. 

One hundred rods north of this 
sehoolhouse, is the tiptop of Deny 
Hill, though comparatively level, 
where was once the farm of Iddo 
Church. This is said to have been 
the old muster field, where there were 
large gatherings on training day. 

With the influx: into New Hamp- 
shire, during the past two decades, of 
summer residents, it is not too much 
to predict that this old Church home- 
stead will some day become a desir- 
able summer home, for the view from 
the top of Deny Hill is superb. To 
the west the eye can travel on the 
back-bone of the Green Mountain 
range, from near old Mount Greylock 
in Massachusetts, to many miles north 
of old Killington, in Vermont. Mo- 
nacal ock, Stratton, Ascutney moun- 
tains, and a thousand smaller peaks, 
are all visible upon a clear day. 

Nearby, at the corner of the road 
east of the Deborah A. Taylor house, 
is an old cellar bole, where an old one- 
leg shoemaker lived many years ago. 
His wife was a Miss Howard. He 
may have been the man who went 
about, "whipping the cat," as it was 
called, in those days. 

About one mile southwest of Derry 
Hill sehoolhouse, in a pasture west of 
the house, on the Henry Heard, Jr. 
farm, I believe, there is a cave in a 
ledge, known to but few people, where 
one may enter, say twenty-five feet. 
The writer was there about, thirty 
years ago. 

New York City has its "Five 
Points/' and so has Acworth. too, one 
mile north of Derry Hill, but not a 
building of any sort is within seventy 



rods of it. Dea. Thomas Ball at one 
time lived east of the "Points" and 
there he had a sawmill on Crane 
brook. The water-wheel for this null 
was a large "over-shot" wooden 
wheel, the water being conveyed to 
the same through a. long spout which 
is said to have resembled a sieve when 
the mill was in operation. A fire de- 
stroyed this mill about fifty years ago. 
In those days one could not speak ill 
of his neighbor, for he was almost sure 
to be speaking of his cousin, or a 
cousin of Ins cousin — they were pretty 
much a town of kindred, by birth or 
marriage. 

From old deeds it appears Dea. 
Zenas Slader sold his farm of 220 
acres September 19, 1868, to Paul. 
Cummings, who, after a few months, 
sold to Edwin P. Hubbard and he in 
turn sold, on January 24, 1871, to 
Edward A. Kingsbury. 

Mr. Kingsbury was born in Surry, 
February 14, 1839; was a soldier in 
the War of the Rebellion; resided in 
Georgetown, Mich., from 1866 to fall of 
1870, and, early in February follow- 
ing, he settled on the Slader farm in 
Acworth with his wife and four small 
children: three more were born to 
them while here, which was their 
residence till October 25, 1887. Dur- 
ing this time he was selectman of the 
town. In the fall of 1881 he built a 
large barn to replace the one destroyed 
by fire a few months previous. The 
frame was one from the Moses Lan- 
caster farm and was originally built 
in 1802. After selling the above 
property to F. L. Tvheatley (the 
father-in-law of E. H. Rugg), Mr. 
Kingsbury settled in Keene, where he 
was a member of the school board 
twelve years, selectman, justice of the 
peace, a member of the city council, 
and, in 1905-6, representative to the 
New Hampshire state legislature. 
For over twenty-five years he bought 
wool in Cheshire and Sullivan Coun- 
ties. 

Acworth held several successful 
town fairs thirty or forty years ago. 
From an old poster it appears the 



118 The Granite Monthly 

"12th Animal Aeworth Town Fair" Graham, J. R. Cresset t, Oliver C. Holt 

was held Tuesday, September 28, and Frank H. McLaughlin. , 

1S80. The officers were: president, By looking over the above names 

George Bailey ; vice-president Samuel and about one hundred others, who 

Slader; treasurer, Charles J. Davis; w ere the judges and committeemen of 

secretaries, Dr. Carl A. Allen and this town fair, as shown on this poster, 

George W. Buss; marshal, Col. James one , fil ^ s ^at they were the leading 

A. Wood; directors, Judge J. H. ^nd influential emzens of the town 

Dickey, George W. Potter, J H. Reed, , at tliat . time ' **?*, £ ° w of * h f, m are 

a n, ? -n» • i n ttt n n o w living m "Old Aeworth, some 

S A an t' le l S f'^ r ni o r! ^ h ^e moved elsewhere, while many 

A. b. tfuswell, &. L. barsons, Capt. more are rest i n g quietly, in the "city 

Daniel Nye, George W. Young, Frank f the dead"— the cemetery. 

M. Metcalf, A. A. Mathewson, A. G. Proctor, Vermont. 



SPRING AND SUMMER 

By L. Adelaide- Sherman 

I am sending my soul in a song to you, 
Heart of my heart, and my only love. 
"What matter to me if the skies of blue, 
With their fleecy clouds that the sun shines through, 
Like a royal canopy, bend above ? 

They say it is spring, but, dear, to me 

There is no spring in this dreary place. 
Though birds should carol from every tree. 
While the Mayflower weaves her tapestry, 
It is winter when I miss your face. 

But, listening here, could I catch the tone 

Of your voice, then a melody, wondrous sweet, 
Would fill the air, and no more alone, 
When I gazed into your eyes, my own, 

I would know 'twas spring, divine, complete. 

When the spring of our love has wed its light 

To radiai'J : , summer's soul of song — 
Our summer of love — will it soon take flight, 
With its davs of marvelous, new delight? 
Will it fly from us % Will it linger long ? 

Dearest, what answer? And lightly low 

The east wind whispers, "Spring's soft airs may 

In the warmer currents of summer flow ; 

Her birds and blossoms may flit and go, 
But true love's summer abides for aye." 
Warner, New Hampshire. 



THE OLD BRICK SCHOOL HOUSE, DOVER, N. H. 

By Charles Ncvers Holmes 

No more the sehoolhouse by the road 

Defies the wind and rain and snow • 
No more it stands where once were sowed 

The seeds of learning — long ago. 

No more on winter's bleakest day 

Its welcome warms some frost-chilled hand ; 

No more When spring smiles fair and gay 
It chains a restless, listless band. 

Close by the meeting house it stood, 

That still survives Time's ruthless flight, 

"Where, blessed with peace and brotherhood, 
The Quakers sought God's " inner light." 




Old Brick School House— Dover 

Ilard by the graveyard on the hill 

Where whisp'ring pine trees softly sigh, 

Where, freed from ev 'ry earthly ill, 
Its pupils wrapped in slumber lie. 

The sun of morning saw them come ; 

The moon of evening saw them go ; 
From home to school, -from school to home, 

Like tides of ocean to and fro. 

'Mid sleepy silence woke the sounds 

Of busy voices from within/ 
And on its weedy, trodden grounds 

At nooning rose a merry din. 



120 The Granite Monthly 

«r 

Wtieis summer's solstice came again 
The schoolhouse slept forsaken there, 

Till passed the clog-star's sultry reign 
Or Harvest moon shone bright and fair. 

Alas! — that school life waned away, 
That aged schoolhouse died at last, 
But all forlorn a white it lay — 
A relic of the fading past. 

"Where children's children learned to spell, 
And fathers came to read and write, 

The scythe of Time nnsparing fell 

And swept the schoolhouse from men's sight. 

Its walls of brick no more are seen : 
Its roof and porch and doors are gone, 

And where it stood the grass grows green 
Upon yon cemetery lawn. 

No more that schoolhouse stands — no more 
Beside the road, beside the hill ; 

It's work is done! It's day is o'er! 
Yet Mem i*y clings around it still. 

Dover, New Hampshire. 



THE MAGIC GRANITE STATE SLEIGH RIDE 

By Elias H. Cheney 

Oh the jingle, jingle, jingle, 
Of the bells when lovers mingle, 

Sleighing 'mong New Hampshire hills, 

By her rivers, brooks and rills ; 
Lad and lassie side by side ; 
Lassie he would make his bride. 

"Where's the harm, I'd like to know? 

Wasn't nature always so? 

Just as long ago our daddy, 
So it now befalls our laddie ; 

Just as mamma did right early 

Who should now forbid our girlie ? 
Banished be all thought of evil; 
'Tis of God, and not of evil. 

To the pure all tilings are pure ; 

Lo\ r e must find its own, that's sure. 

God made the horse both strong and fleet, 

With flowing mane and nimble feet, 
Methinks I hear somebody say 
It was not God who made the sleigh. 



The Magic Granite State Sleigh Ride 121 

But, Who else made the timber grow ? 
And, none but he could make the snow. 

He made it out of frozen dew. 

And God made Love. He blessed it too. 
j\ x hat, without love, would this world be? 
And what, without it, you 8 / or me? 

Tucked together quite as snug 
As was ever bug in rug; 

On a softly cushioned seat, 

Laprobe warm about their feet; 
In a one-horse sleigh together, 
In New Hampshire winter weather ; 

Jingle, jingle, on they go, 

O'er the white and spotless snow. 
Happy hearts as e'er you knew; 
As the old folks used to do. 

"Wide awake and neither nappy — ■ 

That's the way the world's made happy. 

Jingle, jingle ! See ! they whisper ! 
Don 't you almost hear her lisp her 

Hearty, sweet and gladsome "Yes"? 

Isn't there a pretty mess? 



Nothing like a good sleigh ride, 
With your lover by your side — 

Sleigh ride o'er New Hampshire hills 
As naught else the bill it fills. 
In the open, through the woods, 
What cares he % he 's got the goods ! 

Jingle, jingle, lovely bells, 
Tales of love your jingle tells. 

Youth and Beauty fondly meet ; 

Cupid never knows defeat. 
At your jingle each heart swells; 
Presage ye the marriage bells. 

Peace go with you ; all is well : 

None shall hear you ; none shall tell. 
That's the way to win your bride: 
Take a Granite State sleigh ride. 



Curacao, W. I., February, '1914, 



/5&. 



THE BURIAL 

By L. J. II. Frost 

There was an open grave, 
And many an eye looked sadly on it. 
The deep but narrow bed yawned gloomily, 
And all impatient waited for the form. 
That soon would lie within it. 

On they come ! 
That slow funeral train, with pensive tread 
And heads bowed low, and eyes that sadly looked 
The heart's deep anguish, while silently 
They dropped upon the dust the scalding tear— 
Befitting tribute to departed worth. 

The ebon bier, covered with sable pall, 
Rested upon the grave's green brink; and then 
All footsteps listened while the man of God 
With slow and solemn tone repeated 
The heart-chilling words, " Ashes to ashes!" 

Then, 
There rose a wail upon the ambient air 
That spoke a mother's sorrow. 
What was all of earth to her whose cherished son— 
Her first born — ah! her only, worshiped one, 
"Was gone forever ? Could the kind friendship 
Of true hearts, or loving sympathy 
From all the world, efface the lost one's image 
From the tablet of her memory % No! 
A mother's heart may learn soon to forgive, 
But to forget, ah ! never. 

True she may 
Meekly bow her head and say, "My Father, 
Let not my will bat thine own be done." 
Yet from her inmost soul there rises up to God 
This pleading cry : "Oh ! let me go to him 
And be at rest forever ! ' ' 



PROBLEMS OF LIFE AND MIND 



The Musings of a Quiet Thinker 



By Francis 

It has been humorously remarked, 
that if persons only talked as little as 
they thought, what a silent world this 
would be. A very able thinker has 
also truly said: "The .^expression by a 
person of his opinions shows where he 
stopped thinking.*' 

This goes to show that eareful re- 
flection and hard thinking are abso- 
lutely essential to secure clear, strong, 
forcible ideas; and then, too, we 
should also be able to select the proper 
words to express these ideas clearly, 
forcibly and concisely. 

History demonstrates very conclu- 
sively that all men who have origi- 
nated great and noble ideas, or who 
have made important discoveries or 
inventions, which have promoted the 
welfare of men, have done it by care- 
ful, patient, concentrated thinking on 
one subject for a long time. 

Reflection is to the mind what arti- 
ficial instruments are to the senses. 
It enables the mind to see, and discern 
clearly much more complicated and 
difficult problems of life, which could 
not, otherwise, have been mastered 
and understood. 

Emanuel Sevedenborg has very pro- 
foundly remarked that, "It is no proof 
of a man's understanding to be able 
to affirm whatever he pleases: but to 
be able to discern that what is true is 
true, and that what is false is false; 
this is the mark and character of in- 
telligence. ' ' 

Steam, electricity and the other 
great forces in Nature had just the 
same power and energy hundreds of 
years ago, that they now have; but 
we did not discover how to use and 
control these forces until recent times. 
So it is, largely, with the forces of the 
mind. They lie dormant for a long 
time, until some great kindred force, 
in life and Nature comes in direct con- 
tact with the intellectual forces of 
some great man and gives him con- 



H. Goodale 

str active and creative power to under- 
stand some of the great silent laws and 
forces governing the material uni- 
verse, which constantly transform 
nature and life into higher and nobler 
being. 

Our chief want in life is somebody 
to give us a "big push" to make us do 
what we can, as so many persons lack 
faith, hope, self-reliance, self -trust, 
and also the power and courage to live 
and act straight up to their own best 
convictions, regardless of what other 
persons may think or say. "He most 
lives, who thinks most, who feels the 
noblest, acts the best." 

When we get our minds into a fine, 
healthy glow, we then get glimpses 
"of that immortal light, all young 
and joyful, million-orbed, million- 
colored, which beams over the universe 
as on the first morning" — ; so that we 
may truly 

"Live in the sunshine, swim the sea, 
Drink the wild air's salubrity." 

History is only the marriage of 
thought to nature; and nature is the 
memory of the mind; and so every 
great institution is the incarnation of 
the thoughts of some great man or 
men. The latest writers on Evolu- 
tion have, therefore, very properly 
put great stress on the constructive 
and creative faculties of our minds. 

Language is probably the highest 
form of intelligence yet developed, 
and this is also merely "the incarna- 
tion of thought," as S. J. Coleridge 
puts it in his "Aids to Reflection," 
or that words are the glasses through 
which we see ideas, as Joubert has it. 

This all goes to show, most forcibly, 
then, how history repeats itself over 
and over in the expansion and deca- 
dence of the intellects of men; and 
also why we should always strive 
most earnestly to "hold fast to that 
which is good," as Saint Paul so 
tersely puts it. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



CAPT. RICHARD W. MUSGROVE 

Hon. Richard Watson Musgrove of Bristol, 
a well-known printer and newspaper man, a 
brave Union soldier in the Civil War, prom- 
inent in Grand Army circles, and in New 
Hampshire public life, died at his home in 
Bristol, on Thursday, February 19. 

He was a native of Bristol, son of James 
and Ann (Donker) Musgrove. born November 
21, 1S-10, being one of eleven children, of 
whom four yet survive. He was educated 
in the Bristol schools and at Til con Semi- 
nary. 

August 12, 1862, he enlisted in Company 
D, Twelfth New Hampshire Volunteers, for 
service in the Union Army, being mustered 
in as a corporal, promoted to sergeant March 
17, 1563, and first sergeant April 23, 1864. 
He took part in the battles of Fredericks- 
burg, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, carry- 
ing the state colors on the third day of the 
latter bottle. At Point Lookout he had 
charge of the camp for prisoners of war, 
with 1,000 prisoners in his custody. He was 
discharged to accept promotion April 23, 
186 i, and was made lieutenant of Company 
D, United States Volunteer Infantry, a regi- 
ment made up of Confederate prisoners of 
war who had forsworn their allegiance, and 
enlisted as Union soldiers. August 13, 
1861, he was appointed Captain of Company 
I, of the same regiment, and was mustered 
out, May 21, 1S06, after a service of three 
years and nine months, including 'three 
months as provost-guard at Norfolk, Ya., 
and a year at Fort Ridgely. Minn., and some 
time at Fort Wallace, Kan. 

Returning to Bristol, after his discharge, 
Captain Musgrove was for some time en- 
gaged in the wool business, but in June, 
'1878, he established the Bristol Weekly 
Enterprise, which paper he edited and pub- 
lished, continuously, till his death, and also 
conducted quite an extensive job printing 
establishment in connection therewith, work 
in which was done as carefully and con- 
scientiously as was all the other work oi his 
life. 

Captain Musgrove served Ids town for six 
years as town clerk; was for six years a 
member of the school board of Union Dis- 
trict; represented Bristol in the legislature 
in 18S5, when he secured the passage of the 
Act providing for the publication of a 
register of New Hampshire soldiers and 
sailors in the Civil War, and in 1890-91 
represented the Fourth District in the State 
Senate, as a Republican with which party 
he always acted. His greatest service to 
his town, however, was rendered in the 
compilation of the History of Bristol, pub- 
lished in two volumes in 1901, and ranking 
among the best of our New Hampshire town 



histories. In religion he was a Methodist, 
and had been for 43 years recording steward 
of the Methodist Church in Bristol. He was 
also chairman of the trustees of the Minot 
Sleeper Library. 

December 23, 1869, he united in marriage 
with Miss Henrietta Maria Guild, of New- 
port, a native of Walpole, who survives him, 
with rive children — -Frank A., of Hanover, 
now state auditor; Mrs. Carrie E. Little of 
Elanover; Mary D., of Bristol; Mrs Anna B. 
Adams of Maiden, Mass., and Eugene E., 
teacher of English in the Horace Mann 
School of New York City. A daughter, who 
was the first born — Isadore M., who married 
Prof. Charles W. Cutts, died in 1902. 

WILLIAM W. NILES, D. D., LL. D. 

Et. Eev. William Woodruff Niles, Bishop 
of the Episcopal Diocese of New Hampshire, 
died at the bishop's house in Concord, on 
Tuesday afternoon, March 31, after a long 
period of declining health, at the age of 
nearly 82 years. 

Bishop Niles, the son of Daniel S. and 
Delia (Woodruff) Niles, was born in Hatley, 
P. Q., May 21, 1S32. and graduated from 
Trinity College in 1857. 

After graduation he was a tutor in Trinity 
College for a year, and subsequently taught 
two years in the Hartford High School. He 
ther; entered Berkeley Divinity School, from 
which he took his degree in the class of 1861. 
He was ordained a deacon the same year, 
at Middle-town, Conn., and a priest the year 
following at Wiscasset, Me., where was his 
first parish and where he remained till 1861 
when he became Professor of Latin at 
Trinity College, continuing till 1870, and 
officiating for the last three years of the 
time as rector of St. John 's Church at Ware- 
house Point, Conn. 

September 21, 1S70, he was consecrated 
Bishop of the New Hampshire diocese and 
entered upon his duties, continuing the same 
through life — a term of service seldom 
equaled, during which he served the church, 
the state and the community in which he 
lived, with conspicuous ability and fidelity. 
He was president of the Corporation of St. 
Paul's School, of St. Mary's School for 
Girls and of the Holderness School for Boys, 
and had served as a, vice-president of the 
New Hampshire Forestry Commission. 

Bishop Niles married, June 5, 1862, Miss 
Bertha Olmsted of Hartford, by whom he 
is survived, with four children — two son3 
and two daughters: Edward Cullen Niles, 
attorney and ymblic service commissioner; 
Miss Mary Niles; Eev. William Porter Niles, 
rector of the Church of the Good Shepherd, 
Nashua; Miss Bertha Niles, teacher of art 
and modern languages at St. Mary's school, 
Concord. 



Xac Hampshire Necrology 



12; 



HON. JOHN T, ABBOTT 

Hon. John T. Abbott, for some years a 
prominent lawyer in Keene, and United 
States Minister to Colombia, raider Presi- 
dent Benjamin Harrison, from IS89 to 1893, 
died at his rooms in the Cheshire House in 
that city, where he had been located for 
some weeks past, on the evening of Sunday, 
March S. in the 04th year of his age, 

Mr. Abbott was born in Antrim. April 26, 
1850, being a son of the late Rev. Stephen G. 
and Sarah (Cheney) Abbott. His father 
was a prominent Baptist clergyman, and 
pastor of the church at Antrim at the time of 
his birth, while hip mother was a member of 
the noted Cheney" family of whom the late 
Gov. Person C. Cheney, and Consul Elias H. 
were members. He prepared for college at 
Kimball Union Academy and graduated from 
Bates in 1871, after which he commenced 
the study of law in Boston, was admitted to 
the bar and commenced practice in Spring- 
field. Mass., where he continued till 1878, 
when he removed to Keene, and formed a 
partnership with Charles H. Hersey, his 
former classmate, which continued till his 
appointment as Minister to Colombia. 
Meanwhile he served five years as city 
solicitor of Keene, and to that city he re- 
turned and resumed practice in 1893. In 
1894 he was appointed judge of probate for 
Cheshire County serving five years, when, in 
1899, he resigned and became connected with 
the San Domingo t Development Company, 
with which he remained till its dissolution 
several years later, when he opened an office 
in New York City, where he remained till 
early in the present year, when he returned 
to Keene, to be near his only surviving child, 
Mrs. John E. Allen, during his last days', 
having become the victim of an incurable dis- 
ease. 

Mr. Abbott married, in 1874. Miss Alice 
Merriam, who survives, with one daughter, 
Amy, above named. He was a Knight 
Templar and a 32d degree Mason. 

COL. FREDERICK R. KINSLEY 

Col. Frederick R. Kinsley, Commander of 
the Thirty-ninth Massachusetts Regiment in 
the Civil "War, died at the home of his niece 
Mrs. H, M. Sawyer, in Lowell, March 10, 
1914. 

Col. Kinsley was born in the town of 
Croydon, in this state, July 30, 1829, the son 
of Zebediah and Joanna (Blcdgett) Kins- 
ley, being one of a family of twelve children. 
He went to Somerville, Mass., in early youth 
where he followed the trade of a brick 
maker, and there resided at the outbreak of 
the war, when he. enlisted in Company I 
(Somerville Light Infantry), Fifth Massa- 
chusetts Regiment, going out as second 
lieutenant. In August, 1862, he reenlisted 
m the Thirty-ninth Regiment, and was com- 
missioned Captain of Company E. July 13, 



1864, he was promoted to the rank of Major 
for gallant service. He was captured at the 
battle of Weldon Railroad in August follow- 
ing and confined in Libby and Salisbury 
prisons until March, 1865. After his re- 
lease, as ranking officer of his regiment, he 
was in command at the grand review in 
Washington in May of that year. In June 
following he was promoted to the rank of 
Colonel. His brother, Willard C. Kinsley, 
also of Somerville, was Captain of Company 
K, of the Thirty-ninth Regiment when killed 
at the battle of Gravelly Run, near the close 
of the war. No two men in the service 
were held in higher esteem in Somerville, 
than these brothers. 

Colonel Kinsley represented Somerville in 
the Massachusetts legislature in 1866. In 
1868, he retired, with brothers, to a large 
farm in Dorchester in this state, where was 
his home till about three years ago, since 
when he resided with his niece, Mrs Herbert 
M. Sawyer, in Lowell. He was never mar- 
ried. He is survived by a brother Albert C. 
Kinsley, and a sister, Joanna, both now of 
Brighton, Mass. He was a member of John 
Abbott Lodge, A. F. & A. M„ of Somerville, 
and the Lowell G. A. R, 

PROF. FRANCIS COGSWELL 

Francis Cogswell, a distinguished educator, 
and a representative of the noted New 
Hampshire family of that name, died at his 
home in Cambridge, Mass.. on the morning 
of March 3. 1914. 

He was a native of the town of Atkinson, 
born June 25, 1827, and was educated at 
Atkinson and Kimball Union Academies. 
He taught school in Merrimae, Georgetown 
and Weymouth, Mass., and in 1854 went to 
Cambridge as head master of the Putnam. 
Grammar School, which position he held for 
twenty years, when he was made superin- 
tendent of the Cambridge Schools, continu- 
ing in successful service till his resignation 
in 1905 — a longer service than had been 
rendered by any similar official in New Eng- 
land. He had greatly endeared himself to 
the people of the city, and on the completion 
of fifty years as a Cambridge educator his 
portrait was presented to the city by his 
friends and hung in the corridor of the City 
Hall. 

He was a frequent speaker at teachers' 
conventions, and a contributor to various 
educational publications. He was given the 
honorary degree of Master of Arts by 
Harvard University in 1881." He was an 
attendant at the Shepard Memorial Church 
in Cambridge and active in Sunday-school 
work until past his eightieth year. 

He was twice married — first, to Martha A. 
Smith of Littleton, Mass., who died in 1859, 
and five years later to Esther M. Noyes, who 
died in 1912. He is survived by one daugh- 
ter — Miss Bertha M. Cogswell, and a grand- 
daughter, Miss Gertrude Montague. 



126 



The Granite Monthly 



DENIS F. O 'CONNOR 

After several years of failing health there 
died in Manchester on February 11, 1914, 
one who had been long prominent in the 
legal and political circles of the Queen City, 
in the person of Denis F. O'Connor, a native 
of the city, born March 16, 1855. lie was 
educated in the Catholic Parochial Schools 
of Manchester, and Holy Cross College at 
Worcester, studied law with, Sulloway & 
Topliff, was admitted to the bar, and" en- 
gaged in practice in his native city where 
he continued until failing health disabled 
him from further work. He was for a long 
time associated in practice with the firm with 
which he studied. Later, upon the retire- 
ment of Mr. Toplift' and Sulloway 's election 
to Congress, he took his son, Timothy F., into 
partnership with him. 

Mr. O 'Connor, as a Democrat served four 
terms in the state legislature from Ward 5 — 
three upon the Judiciary Committee, and one 
upon the Railroad Committee, this being in 
1887 — the time of the great fight over the 
so-called Hazen bill, which he strongly op- 
posed, though it was finally passed only to 
be vetoed by Governor Sawyer. 

Mr. O'Connor was a delegate to the 
National Democratic Convention in 1892, 
which nominated Grover Cleveland for the 
third time as the Democratic, candidate for 
the presidency, and was also for many years 
an active supporter of his party's, cause 
upon the stump. He served as president of 
the old Granite State Democratic Club for 
several years, and was actively connected 
with the Foresters, Knights of Columbus 
and Ancient Order of Hibernians. 

He is survived by a wife, a son, Tiinothy 
F. O'Connor, and two grandchildren — 
Helen M. and Denis F. O'Connor, Jr. 

ERASTUS BARTON POWERS 

Erastus Barton Powers, a prominent 
lawyer of Boston, and a long time resident 
of Maple wood district in Maiden, died at 
his home last month from Bright 's disease 
after a long illness, although confined to his 
house but a few months pr<;-viou3 to his 
death. 

Mr Powers was born in Cornish, the son 
of Lamed and Ruby (Barton) Powers, being 
an elder brother of Samuel L. Powers, the 
well-known Republican politician and cor- 
poration lawyer, with whom he was also for 
a time associated in practice, but with whose 
political views he had no sympathy, remain- 
ing himself true to th^ Democratic faith 
which he had espoused in youth. 

He was a graduate of Dartmouth College 
of the class of 1865, and of Harvard Law 
School, 1867, after which he located in prac- 
tice in Chicago, but, being burned out in the 
great fire of 1871, he returned East and 
engaged for a time in teaching, first as 
principal of the Wareham (Mass.) High 



School, and later the Nashua (N. H.) High 
School at whose head he remained from 187S 
till 1SS3, when he went to Boston and formed 
a. law partnership with his brother, which 
continued until the latter became an attorney 
of the Bell Telephone Company, when he 
established an office by himself and so con- 
tinued. 

As a citizen of Maiden he served for nine 
years on the school board, being five years 
chairman of the same. He married Miss 
Emma F. Deese of Wareham, Mass., who 
died three years since. Their only child, 
who survives — Ruby Barton Powers — now 
Mrs. Clarence W. Clark of Maplewood, is a 
prominent Club woman and was for some 
time president of the ''Old and New," a 
famous Maiden's Woman's Club. 

HON. EDWIN O. STANARD 

Hon. Edwin O. Stanard, who was for a 
long time a prominent figure in the business 
and political life of St. Louis and of 
Missouri, died in that city March 11, 1914. 

Mr. Stanard was a native of the town of 
Newport, in this state, where he was born 
January 5, TS32, but removed when in child- 
hood with his parents to the then "Far 
West, ' ' locating at length in Iowa, where he 
spent his youth, with but limited educational 
advantages. Endowed with ambition and 
great native ability, he went as a young man 
to St. Louis, where, after engaging for a time 
in teaching, lie established himself in the 
commission business and later erected exten- 
sive flour mills and was eminently successful 
as a manufacturer. He was President of the 
St. Louis Merchants Exchange, when the 
Democratic National Convention met in that 
city in 1876, and was active in extending the 
courtesies of the city to that body. He was 
Lieutenant Governor of Missouri, as a Re- 
publican in 1868 and 1869, and also served 
in the Forty-third Congress from 1875 to 
1877. He was also a director of the Union 
Trust Company and of the Boatmen's Bank, 
of St. Louis. 

HENRY C. WHITCOMB 

Henry C. Whitcomb, born in Winchester, 
April 8, 1831, died in Dorchester, Mass., 
April 1, 1914. 

He was the son of John A. Whitcomb who 
went to Winchester from West Boylston, 
Mass., to establish a cotton mill, being con- 
nected with a syndicate which established 
mills in various parts of New England. 
While living there Henry C. was born; but 
the family removed to Boston in 1840, when 
he was nine years of age, and there he was 
reared and educated, and engaged in business. 
He was for many years connected with the 
old New England Type Foundry, and after- 
wards head of the firm of H. C. Whitcomb 
& Co., engravers and electrotypers. 

Mr. Whitcomb served in the Fortv-fifth 



Editor and Publisher's Notes 



127 



Massachusetts Regiment in the Civil "War, 
and was a great grandson of Col. Asa Whit- 
comb who fought at Bunker Hill. He was 
for some time Senior Deacon of the New r 
South Church of Boston, and later of the 
First Church in Roxbury. He had been a 
director of the Board of Trustees of the 
Franklin Square House since 1,901, and was 
actively connected with various other be- 
nevolent institutions and enterprises. He 
was a Mason, Odd Fellow and member of the 
G. A. Pi. He had been married, but his wife 
and only child died some time since. 

JOSEPH H. HASKELL 

Joseph H. Haskell, a prominent citizen 
and business man of Claremont, died at his 
home in that town. March 24, 1914, after a 
long illness, from cancer of the stomach. 

He was a native of Rochester. Mass., born 
January 29, 1858. His father died when he 
was six years old, and his mother engaged 
in teaching in South Abington and New 
Bedford, and later in Boston where for many 
years she taught in the Bigelow School. 

At the age of thirteen young Haskell went 
to Claremont, and went to work for the 
Claremont Manufacturing Company, paper 
makers, printers and publishers. Later he 
engaged with the Sugar River Paper Mill 
Company, where he was engaged for fifteen 
years. In 1895 he went into business on his 
own account in the milling and grain busi- 
ness, and afterward engaged in trade as a 
flour, grain and hardware merchant. 



He was an active member of the Methodist 
Church in Claremont. and, as a Republican, 
served in the Legislature of 1897-93. 

In 1879 he married Miss Mary Markolf, 
who died in 1894. Two children were born 
of this union, a daughter, Evelyn Dexter, 
wife of W. T. Jonah of Claremont. and a 
son, Harold Morton, a graduate of Dart- 
mouth in 1905, and at present in the city 
engineer's ofiice, Manchester. In 1895 Mr. 
Haskell married Miss Nettie Whitaker, who 
with the two children, survives. 

WARREN G. BROWN 
Warren G. Brown, born in Bristol. July 27, 
1834, died at Wbitefield, January 4, 1913. 

Mr. Brown was long known as one of the 
leading lumber operators in the state, being 
associated with Ids brother A. L. Brown at 
Campton and Wentworth and afterward at 
Wbitefield, where they established the 
famous Brown Lumber Company, which for 
some years did the heaviest business in the 
state in that line. 

• In politics Mr. Brown was active, first as a 
Republican, later as a leader in the Greenback 
movement, being that party's candidate for 
governor, and subsequently acting at. times 
with the Democrats. He served in the 
state legislature in 1872-73. He had been 
twice married, the first wife being Ruth Avery 
of Campton, and the second Lottie Elliot, who 
survives, with two sons, Carl E., of McCall, 
Idaho, and Kenneth W. of Wbitefield, and 
one daughter, Mrs. M. F. Libbey of White- 
field. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



Although we are now in the fourth month 
of a campaign year, the "political waters 77 
in New Hampshire are not as yet seriously 
troubled. Since the last issue of the 
Granite Monthly appeared, there has been 
one formal entry in the Republican guberna- 
torial field— that of Roseerans W. Pillsbury 
of Londonderry and Manchester, who was an 
active and prominent candidate for the 
nomination in the turbulent convention of 
1906, when he finally turned his support to 
Cliarles M. Floyd, insuring his nomination 
over Col. Charles II. Greenleaf, the favorite 
ot the Republican "regulars" and Winston 
Churchill, the first standard bearer of that 
element of the party which has since broken 
away and aligned "itself under the banner 
labeled "Progressive." Mr. Pillsbury 
claims to be, himself, the first real "Pro- 
gressive" and to have been the early expo- 
nent^ of the so-called progressive doctrines 
which have been to some extent absorbed by 
all parties, while at the same time standing 
py the Republican organization and support- 
ing its nominations; so that he should be 



considered acceptable to all men still wear- 
ing the party name, or professing allegiance 
to its fundamental principles. That he will 
be the .only candidate for the Republican 
nomination is scarcely probable. Charles S. 
Emerson of Mil ford, a Republican leader 
during two legislative sessions, who has been 
frequently mentioned as a possibility, has 
been formally requested by his Republican 
legislative committee associates to become 
an openly announced candidate. Mr. Emer- 
son is holding their request under advise- 
ment, and if finally satisfied that the outlook 
is favorable, or that there is a general desire 
among the party members that he become a 
candidate, is not unlikely to so announce him- 
self soon. Meanwhile, Mr. Pillsbury main- 
tains that some of the managers are utilizing 
the suggested Emerson candidacy as a 
"blind," and are preparing to bring for- 
ward, in due season the hustling young mil- 
lionaire manufacturer — Rolland H. Spauld- 
ing of Rochester — whose position in the 
party has been some times doubtfully 
described bv the anomalous and somewhat 



The Granite Monthly 



self -contradictory characterization applied to 
some men in the last campaign, of "Taft 
Progressive." Ten days ago, Hon, John C. 
Hutchins of Stratford, a leading member of 
the present State Senate, made public an- 
nouncement of his purpose to be a candi- 
date for the Democratic nomination. The 
name of Councilor Albert W. Noone of 
Peterborough has been frequently mentioned 
of late as a possible candidate; while Gover- 
nor Felker, who has sometimes been men- 
tioned as perhaps not averse to a renomina- 
tion, in a recently reported interview in 
which he said he would not himself be a 
candidate, is represented as tentatively sug- 
gesting the name of Frank P. Carpenter of 
Manchester, recently named as one of the 
trustees for the disposition of the New 
Haven Stock in the Boston & Maine R. R. 
Probabilities as to the Progressive nomina- 
tion for Governor are as yet entirely un- 
settled. Speaker Britton was the last man 
mentioned in print in this connection, but 
there is nothing to indicate any purpose on 
his part to be a candidate. 

As for the United States senatorship there 
is jto avowed candidate of either party yet 
in the field; though, in the interview above 
alluded to, Governor Felker is represented as 
intimating a purpose on his part to be a 
candidate if circumstances render it advis- 
able. This is no surprise, as his friends 
have all along regarded him as a logical 
candidate for this position, and entitled to 
general party support. On the other hand, 
it has long been understood (though he- has 
.made no public declaration to that effect) 
that Senator Hollis will back the candidacy 
of Congressman Raymond B. Stevens, if the 
latter finally concludes to enter the race. 
The Republican candidacy is still a matter 
of speculation. If, when the time demand- 
ing definite action arrives, there seems to be 
an even chance for Republican success, it is 
generally believed that Senator Gallinger 
will announce himself a candidate for elec- 
tion for a fifth term, and" that he will be 
opposed by no other man among the ' ' stand- 
pat'' Republicans. The recently published 
statement that Secretary of State Pearson 
will be a candidate, regardless of Senator 
Gallinger 's purpose in the premises, is em- 
phatically and indignantly denied by the 
latter, who declares, unreservedly, that he 



will support Senator Gallinger. Nothing has 
been heard, of late, as to the candidacy of 
Col. John H. Bartlett of Portsmouth, which 
some people expected to materialize before 
warm weather sets in. The Progressive 
nomination for senator is no less problemat- 
ical than that for governor; though there 
are those, claiming to know whereof they 
speak, who maintain that Raymond B. 
Stevens will get the support of that party, 
as he did for Congress in the Second District 
in the last campaign. The certainty of the 
truth of such report would, of course, make 
Mr. Stevens a very formidable candidate. 

As for the Congressional nominations 
there are, thus far, only three candidates 
positively in the field — Col. Rufus N. Elwell 
of Exeter, Republican, in the First District, 
and Mayor Charles J. French of Concord, 
Democrat, and Hon. Edward H. Wason, of 
Nashua, Republican, in the Second. It is, 
of course, generally assumed that Congress- 
man Reed, Democratic incumbent in the 
First District^ will be a candidate to suc- 
ceed himself; while it is still expected that 
ex-Mayor Shedd of Keene and Dr. Crossman 
of Lisbon may seek the Republican nomina- 
tion in the Second, if there is any apparent 
chance for party success. Mayor Daniel J. 
Daley of Berlin is reported to be consider- 
ing the chances in a contest with Mayor 
Charles J. French of Concord, for the 
Democratic nomination. Progressive Con- 
gressional candidacies may develop in due 
season, but the movements of that party, 
generally, are awaiting the return of ex- 
Governor Bass and "SYinston Churchill to the 
state before taking definite shape. 

At a recent meeting of the Advisory 
Board of the Department of Agriculture, 
which, under Commissioner- Felker 's earnest 
and active direction, is getting into first- 
class working order, it was unanimously 
determined to continue the publication of 
the illustrated ''Summer Homes'-' publica- 
tion, which, under Secretary Bachelder's 
administration, did so much to attract out- 
side attention to the state. Stress will be 
laid, in the preparation of future issues, ono 
of which will probably be forthcoming by 
the advent of the next legislature, upon the 
eligibility of our New Hampshire farms for 
permanent as well as summer occupancy. 



Yin,. XLVI, No. 5 



JBk* 







MAY, 1914 


V 




THE 

l N 



New S tries, Vol. IX, No. : 



i%J 1 fi— H 

r < - I III ^ w 

1 I ML ML JUL ,:.:,-,,":/ 



I ; ^ 

JUL - ..•..-jsaSi^' 



A New Hampshire Magazine 

Devoted to History, Biography, Literature and State Pro 






'•r^i^r-v-Svx-^A 



- '' - "■ ' '\.— V-vV-vX 



Harriet Lane Huntress. With froi 



CONTENTS FOR MAY 



An Interesting Document . 



•§^1 AVetesaaQfTwoWai-s 

By Gilbert Fatten Brown. Illustrated 

A New England May-Day "Festival . 
By An Occasional Contributor. 

The Moral and Economic Waste o£ War 

Educative Value of Tool Work . 
By S. Horace Williams. Illustrated 



■ 

*OS$ Nov. Hampshire NecrolojEE** 
^2- Editor and Publisher^ 



i29 ;,.- - 

133 
13.5 

141 ( : 

143 |§|g« 

149 '- . "■;, 



KST 



157 

iei 



J~W Poems .. .. ■ .-■■■■■-■■' 

*^V7 By Eva Beede Ode! 1 Elizfb^uv^brcpson Ordway, Amy J. Dolloff, A. K. Mel 

(j$j Fred Myron Colby, Mary H. Wbeeler, Francea M. Pray. 

i 






Issued by The Granite Monthly Company 

HENRY H. METCALF, Editor and Manager 



TERMS: $i.co per annum, in advance; $1.50 If not paid in adrance. Single copies, is cent 

CONCORD, N. H., 1914 

Entered at the post office at Concord as second-class mail matter. 



;.TJ7K^-*:.*^:.;&ff»ur. •.ift^.> l --.j^".,".v/:«Kit , S«S^.^. ■385SV. :^*-;:. X V^iv'W 53:^.- <-■' 



m. 




HARRIET LANE HUNTRESS 

Deputy Superintendent of Public Instruction 

New Hampshire 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLVI. No. 5 



MAY, 1914 



New Susies, Vol. 9, No. 



HARRIET LANE HUNTRESS 

Deputy Superintendent of Public Instruction 



In ten states of the Union at least, 
women will vote for President of the 
United States at the next election, 
and probably in more, as several 
other states are meanwhile to pass 
upon constitutional amendments pro- 
viding for equal suffrage. In a ma- 
jority of all the states, including Xew 
Hampshire, women have voted in 
school affairs for many years, or at 
least have had the privilege of so 
voting, though it seems to be true 
that, like most of the men, they have 
failed to use the same as generally as 
they ought. 

Nineteen-twentieths of the teachers 
in the public schools of the country 
are women, and in a considerable pro- 
portion of our New Hampshire towns, 
as well as in some of the cities, women 
are serving as members of the school 
boards. In some of the Western 
states, women have served, and served 
efficiently, as superintendents and 
deputy superintendents of public in- 
struction; but until the present year 
no woman in Xew England has ever 
served in any such position. It re- 
mained for New Hampshire to lead 
the way in this regard among New 
England states, as she did in the 
matter of granting school suffrage to 
women and as she is expected to do 
in the matter of full suffrage, also, 
by placing a woman in the position 
of deputy superintendent, as one of 
the three officials of that rank pro- 
vided for by the Act of the Legislature, 
at the last session, reorganizing the 
educational department of the state 
in accordance with the demands of 
modern progress. The appointee in 
this case, moreover, had fully earned 
the recognition accorded her by twen- 
ty-five years of faithful and efficient 



service as chief clerk in the superin- 
tendent's office. 

Harriet Lane Huntress, who was 
appointed Deputy Superintendent of 
Public Instruction on the 1st of Sep- 
tember, last, is unquestionably a more 
familiar figure in the educational life 
of the state than any other person 
within its limits, since through the 
position she has occupied under 
Superintendents Patterson, Gowing, 
Folsom and Morrison, for the past 
quarter of a century, she has come in 
direct personal and business contact 
with more men and women engaged 
in educational work than any other; 
while through the experience naturally 
and necessarily gained in the proper 
performance of her duties, she has 
become more familiar with the oper- 
ation and administration of our public 
school system in general and in detail, 
than any one else, so that her selec- 
tion as deputy in special charge of 
the office work of the department, is 
not only highly satisfactory to all 
directly concerned, but eminently 
appropriate. 

Miss Huntress was born in that 
part of the town of Center Harbor 
then a portion of Meredith, December 
30, I860, being the daughter of James 
Lewis and Harriet (Paige) Huntress. 
Her father, who came of an old Ports- 
mouth family and was a native of 
that city, was favorably known to the 
public for man}' years as proprietor of 
the Senter House at Center Harbor, 
one of the most popular summer re- 
sorts of the Lake Winnepesaukee 
region; while her mother, a native of 
Hopkinton, was of the best Colonial 
stock, — among her ancestors being 
Capt. William Stinson, one of the first 
settlers of Dunbarton, — a woman of 



130 



The Granite Monthly 



strong character and true worth to 
whose self-reliant nature the daughter 
is in no small degree indebted for 
the independent spirit by which she 
is characterized. 

In the private schools of the city 
of Boston, where was her winter home 
in early life, Miss Huntress obtained 
her elementary education, the same 
being supplemented by a four years' 
course at the then famous school for 
young ladies at Prospect Hill, Green- 
field, Mass. It was not, however, 
until she accepted the position in the 
superintendent's office, under the ad- 
ministration of Professor Patterson, 
April 1, 1S89, where, as heretofore 
stated, she has continuously re- 
mained, that she entered upon any 
special line of work. To this, through 
all these years, she has devoted her 
time and energy, in systematic appli- 
cation to the work of the office in all 
its various lines and details, till her 
thorough mastery of the same lias 
rendered her service almost inval- 
uable to the successive incumbents of 
the superintendent's office, ana has 
brought a measure of substantial 
reward, in this recent appointment — 
a recognition of merit universally 
approved, and which will undoubtedly 
redound to the welfare of the cause 
of education throughout the state. 

While devoting herself heartily and 
conscientiously -to her office work, 
Miss Huntress has by no means 
neglected the social and community 
demands appealing to public-spirited 
and patriotic womanhood. She was 
a charter member of the Concord 
Woman's Club, which long since came 
to be a potent factor in the progressive 
life of the Capital City, and has served 
as chairman of its Educational Com- 
mittee. She is also an interested 
member of the Country and Friendly 
Clubs, and was one of the leading 
spirits in the organization of the 
Beaver Meadow Golf Club, her inter- 
est and participation in whose activi- 
ties contributed in no small measure 
to the physical vigor which renders 
possible such constant and tireless 



application to official duty. She is 
an active member of the Society of 
the Second Congregational (Unita- 
rian) Church of Concord and has 
served on its executive committee. 
Within the last few years, realizing 
what the ballot for woman means for 
the general advancement of the race, 
she has actively interested herself in 
the suffrage movement, and is the 
present -treasurer of the New Hamp- 
shire Woman Suffrage Association. 
She was for several years a trustee of 
Margaret Pillsbury Hospital. 

Coming of a patriotic ancestry, 
whose spirit she inherited in full 
measure, she naturally became inter- 
ested in the inception of the move- 
ment for the organization of a chapter 
of the Daughters of the American 
Revolution in Concord, and was a 
charter member and the first treasurer 
of Rumford Chapter, D. A. R. And 
here it may be said that the distinc- 
tion or recognition in which she nat- 
urally takes greatest pride is that 
which comes through her recent elec- 
tion, at the annual meeting, May 15, 
as vice-regent for Xew Hampshire of 
the Mount Vernon Ladies' Associa- 
tion of America, holding in its owner- 
ship and perpetual, care, that most 
sacred of all our national patriotic 
shrines — the home and burial place of 
the immortal Washington. 

It may be added in conclusion t hat- 
while her work as deputy superin- 
tendent will be, as it has been hereto- 
fore, mainly in charge of the depart- 
ment office, she is also charged by the 
superintendent with special direction 
of the relations of the department, 
constantly growing in importance, 
with the various movements and or- 
ganizations through which the women 
of the state are working with con- 
stantly increasing effect for the social 
and intellectual betterment of the 
people, for which work her qualifi- 
cations and adaptation are admirable, 
indeed, and in the furtherance of 
which she has been heard of late, to 
good effect, in the meetings of these 
organizations. 



Wt 



TREASURES 

By Eva Bccde Odell 

Many foreign lands they traversed, 
Seeking treasures rich and rare. 

Paintings, vases, statuary, 

All to grace their dwelling fair. 

How they loved their stately mansion. 
Filled with wealth from every clime ! 

And they lived as if eternal 

Were the transient joys of time. 

When, at last, grown old and weary, 
To the world beyond they went. 

Plain and bare the home they found there, 
Where so little they had sent. 

But abodes of earth-poor neighbors 

Were so beautiful to see, 
That they questioned of an angel 

How this contrast came to be. 

"Your possessions," said the seraph, 
'"'Differed much from theirs in kind; 

All accumulations earthly, 

Entering here one leaves behind. 

"Deeds of kindness, sacrifices, 

Hand-clasps, smiles and words of eheer- 
These are what the angels gather 

For the many mansions here." 



PIER SILENT WRAITH 

By Elizabeth Thompson Ordicay 

"Tie is nor here; he has gone, my child!" 
And they tried to lift her from his side, 
Where she held fast his chilled hands— 1 
This girl so lately made a bride. 

Bewildered, stunned beyond belief, 
She let them do whate'er they would, 

So they could care for what he'd left 
And place within its case of wood. 

Time went on; her silence broke, 

She raged, she stormed against her fate, 

Wandering far, she ever sought 
In bitter grief her vanished mate. 



132 The Gran lie Monthly 

''Why should he die, and I be left? 

"Why should I live, while he is dead?" 
Impotent rage, impotent grief, 
In which so many things are said. 

The years have flown, she still is here, 
And now one often sees her smile, 

And listens to the sweetest laugh 

That breaks your heart for many a while. 

She walks alone, because she will, 
Full many sigh for her fair faith, 

But always in her heart she keeps 
Communion with her silent wraith. 



TRAILING ARBUTUS 

By A my J. Dolloff 

Trailing Arbutus, sweet flower of the Spring-tide ! 

Fairer to me than all others thou art! 
Visions of purity, sweetness and modesty 

All are enshrined in thy little white heart. 

While Winter's rough winds raged in fury above thee, 
Under the snow thou didst patiently wait ; 

Never a murmur though drifts piled above thee, 

Though dark was thy prison and Springtime was late. 

But soon as the warm breezes came to awake thee 
And softly the rain-drops fell trickling down, 

Thy snow-eaptor vanished, the sun shone upon thee, 
Thy petals were opened, my May-flower was crowned! 

Yes, Queen of the Spring-tide, I bow low r before thee ! 

And now to thy heart let my heart be laid bare ; 
For thy fragrance brings back to me fondest remembrance 

Of days in whose happiness thou hadst a share. 

In childhood I searched for thee, gaily and blithely; 

In girlhood I prized thee as something most rare ; 
In maidenhood wore thee — that one glorious morning — 

To rest on my bosom and twine in my hair. 

A brother's hand plucked thee ; a mother's arranged thee ; 

A husband's caressed thee when plightings were o'er; 
And now I will cherish thee, tenderly, lovingly, 

Till unto my vision earth scenes are no more. 

And I hope when my spirit wings upward to glory 
Some one will lay on the clay that's left here 

Just a bunch of thy blossoms, Trailing Arbutus, 
Of all lovely flowers to me the most dear I 



'0<5* 



AN INTERESTING DOCUMENT 

Will of Ebenezer Webster of Kingston, Great-Grandfather 

of Daniel 



Daniel Webster, New Hampshire's 
most noted son, was of the fifth gener- 
ation from Thomas, the first of the 
family in the country, who, born in 
Ormsby, Norfolk Count}-, England, 
was brought to America by his 
mother, who, as the wife of William 
Godfrey, whom she had married after 
the decease of her first husband, 
Thomas Webster, came over early in 
the seventeenth century locating first 
in Watertown, Mas-;., but subse- 
quently removing to Hampton in this 
state. 

Here was born, August 1, 1667, 
Ebenezer, son of Thomas Webster, 
who became one of the proprietors of 
Kingston, where he settled and was 
long a leading citizen, serving in the 
Indian War and taking a prominent 
part in public affairs. He married, 
August 1, 1709, Hannah Judkins. 
They had several children, one of 
whom was Ebenezer (II) whose son 
Ebenezer (III) was the father of 
Daniel Webster. 

A copy of the will of this first Eben- 
ezer Webster, the Kingston proprie- 
tor, appearing in the second volume of 
New Hampshire Probate Record-., 
now in press, is presented below, as of 
historical and genealogical interest. 

In the Name of God Amen the 
Twelfth day of January Annoq Dom- 
ini 1735/6 I Ebenezer Webster of 
Kingstown in the Province 'of New 
Hamps: in New England yeoman; be- 
ing very sick & weak in Body . . . 

Imprimis 1 Give & Bequeath unto 
Hannah my Dearly beloved Wife One 
Acre of Land out of my Homestead 
place to be good profitable Land fit 
for tillage as near & Convenient for 
her as may be found for her to hold 
Dureing her natural Life; & at Iter 
Decease to return to those Children 
in whose part it shall fall; & also one 



Room in My House which she shall 
Choose; & also one Third part of the 
Cellar Dureing her state of Widow- 
hood; And also all the Houshold stuff 
or moveable Estate within doors for 
ever to be at her Dispose Except one 
feather Bed which at her decease is 
to return to my son Ebenezer; And 
also seven Bushels of Indian Corn & 
Two Bushels of English Corn cv One 
Bushel of malt One Hundred pounds 
of good Pork, fifty pounds of good 
Beef yearly & every year Dureing her 
state of widowhood to be Raised & 
Levied out of my Estate, viz; out of 
that part of my Estate which I shall 
hereafter in this Instrument Give unto 
my son Ebenezer; <k In Case it shou d 
plase God to Exercise her with Sick- 
ness or other Indisposition so that he 
my s d son Ebenezer shall provide for 
her things Comfortable & necessary 
& Physicians & Nurse as need shall 
require & also one Barrel of Cyder 
yearly Dureing her state of widow- 
hood. 

Item I Give to my wellbeloved son 
Ebenezer whom I Likewise Constitute 
make & Ordain my sole Executor of 
this my Last Will <v Testament; forty 
Acres ' of my Homestead place & 
Bounded as followeth viz to begin at 
the southerly End of my s d Land 
where it is Bounded on y e High Way 
& takeing y e whole width of y 8 s d 
Homestead Land & to run & Extend 
Northerly keeping y e whole width 
till it make or Complete y e s d forty 
acres haveing Land of John Websters 
on y e East <fe the residue of my S d 
Homestead Lieing on y e north & 
Land of Lieu 1 John Sweat & Elisha 
Sweat on y e West; & also all y e Priv- 
ileges & appurtenances or Commod- 
ities unto the same belonging; with the 
other End of my House & y e remaining 
part of the Cellar & also y* Barn & 
Orchard thereon; & also all my Move- 



134 



The Granite Monthly 



able Estate without Doors as Cattle 
Horse Sheep &e & all Impliments for 
man and Beast; & also hereby willing 
and ordering my s d sou Ebenezer to 
pay all my Debts; & to make y* 
above mentioned Provision for my s d 
Wife as y° above mentioned Corn In- 
dian & English & malt pork Beef 
Cyder & Also to provide her A Horse 
to be at her service & also to keep <fc 
maintain her a Cow Constantly & to 
keep for her Two sheep Dureing her 
state of Widowhood. 

Item & also hereby further Willing 
6z ordering my s d sou Ebenezer to pay 
or Deliver unto my four Daughters: 
viz Rachel, Susanna, Hannah. & 
Mary, to Each of them A Cow to be 
Delivered to Each & Every of them 
in y e fall 01 Autumn season of y* 
year; & further at y e End of seven 
years from my Decease to pay or 
Deliver unto my s d four Daughters 
unto Each <fc Every of them A Heifer 
Comeing in three years Old or y e 
value thereof 

Item I Give to Wellbeloved sons 
Joseph & Iddo the residue of my S d 
Homestead place as f olio wet h viz: to 



Joseph I Give fifteen Acres with y e 
Priviledges & Appurtenances thereto 
belonging: k to Iddo I Give the rest 
be it more or Less & to Iddo I Give all 
my out Lands & If there be any thing 
Left out of this my Last will I Give it 
to my s rl son Iddo: And I do hereby 
utterly disallow revoke & disauul all 
& every other former Testaments 
legacies Wills & Bequests & Executors 
by me in any ways before named 
Willed & Bequeathed; Ratifying & 
Confirming this & no other to be my 
Last Will & Testament. In Witness 
whereof I have hereunto set ray hand 
ifc seal y e da}' & year above written 

Ebenezer Webster 

Signed sealed published pro- 
nounced <fe declared by y e s d 
Ebenezer Webster as his Last 
Will ev- Testament In presence of 
us y e Subscribers 

John ffifield 

Ezra Clough 
Jeremy Webster 

(Proved March 16, 1735-6.) 



SLEEP 
By A. H.McCriUis . 

Sweet sleep, thou balm for all our woes, 
Come now and give my weary brain 

A rest from doubt and constant care, 
With sweet forgetf illness of pain. 

A boon and saviour may'st thou be, 
To save from all disturbing thought, 

And may we lie in thy embrace 
Until a quiet change be wrought. 



Wilt thou enfold in arms of love 
All who may need thy potent sway, 

Hold sorrowing and wounded hearts, 
On them thy soothing inagie lay. 



V;, 



A VETERAN OF TWO WARS 

General Henry Dearborn and His Campaigns 



By Gilbert Patten Broi 



The American Republic has not yet 

forgottoii the man, some of whose 
many virtues this monograph will en- 
deavor to portray. His name is em- 
balmed by his own ''Endymion/'- 
where, in the language of Keats, he 
sings in tones of deathless rapture, 
"A thing of beauty is a Joy forever." 

The aristocracy of worth is as old 
as the human family itself. It is con- 
fined to no race or creed of men, nor 
is it limited to any condition of wealth 
or inheritance, nor dependent upon 
any external influence or patronage. 
The rational world willingly yields to 
its ascendency. One measuring to the 
top notch in this category will at this 
time be briefly referred to. His name 
should need no introduction to the 
American student, or to any lover of 
world biography. The only real his- 
tory of the world is biography. It is 
the genius in man that furnishes 
material worthy to commemorate his 
noble deeds. 

Rural New Hampshire played well 
her part in the early life of the world's 
most cheerful Republic. In King 
Philip's War, 1676, at the siege of 
Louisburg, 1745, at Bunker Hill, and 
at Yorktown, her sons rendered in- 
valuable service. It is to be remem- 
bered that the subject of this article 
was the commander-in-chief of the 
United States armies during the war 
of 1812-1815. And then in the great 
struggle of the early sixties, the Fifth 
New Hampshire Volunteers lost more 
men than any other regiment in the 
Federal armies. In the affairs of 
state, both local and national, the sons 
of the Granite State played no small 
parts. So here is the story in brief, 
of one New Hampshire soldier: 

Among the early New England 
settlers was the distinguished name of 
Dearborn. Godfrey Dearborn was 
born in Exeter, in the count v of 



vn 

Dover, in England, and, when arriv- 
ing in America, settled in New Hamp- 
shire and named the place of his 
settlement Exeter. He was one of the 
thirty-five men to sign the constitution 
for the government of Exeter, in 1739. 
In 1749, he moved to Hampton, N. H., 
where he died February 4, 1786. 

From that sturdy oak of New 
England life the subject of this 
memoir was descended. He is none 
other than Henry Dearborn, born at 
Hampton, N. H., February 23, 1751 — 
son of Simon and Sarah (Marston) 
Dearborn. 

The early education of Henry Dear- 
born was obtained at the district 
school of his native town, and his 
course in medicine was under the 
tuition of that learned phvsician Dr. 
Hall Jackson of Portsmouth. In 1772 
he settled as a physician at Notting- 
ham Square, and had a good practice 
at the breaking out of the American 
Revolution. In Portsmouth was old 
"'St. John's Lodge, No. 1," of Free- 
masons. The leading men of the town 
were members of that sturdy body; 
and the young physician of rural 
Nottingham wished to learn the mys- 
teries of Freemasonry. Dr. Hall 
Jackson was one of the leading 
Masonic lights in all New Hampshire, 
and an active member of St. John's 
Lodge. It was while studying med- 
icine with Doctor Jackson that voting 
Dearborn got his first idea of the 
mysteries and beauties of Free- 
masonry. 

Portsmouth, in those days, was a 
town of marked activity and inter- 
t national trade. Some Jew of the 
early members of this old lodge (the 
second oldest in New England) had 
been made Masons in England; some 
in London, others in Bristol. Doctor 
Dearborn was a most cheerful pilgrim 
on the road of Masonic wisdom. Doc- 



136 



The Granite Monthly 



tor Jackson helped to make the young 

physician a Mason. 

lie received the first and second 
degrees March 5, 1771. in company 
with Major Andrew MeClary. who 
was killed by a cannon ball at Bunker 
Hill. Doctor Dearborn did not re- 
ceive the third degree until Aprjl 6, 
1777. The reason for the time of 
three years between the date of his 
receiving the first and second degrees, 
and that of a Master -Mason, was from 
the fact that he was a soldier in the 



I " .- • 



Gen. Henry Dearborn 

army of the Revolution and was taken 
prisoner at the battle of Quebec, De- 
cember 31.1775, at which fight brother 
Gen. Richard Montgomery was slain. 

A few years ago. among rubbish in 
an ash barrel at Kennebunk, Maine, 
was discovered the Masonic diploma 
issued to the subject of this mono- 
graph by St. John's Lodge, No. 1, 
April 6, 1777, which was returned to 
the lodge, and is now in the possession 
of William B. Randall, its able and 
eheerf u 1 secretary. 

Soon after settling in Nottingham, 
and anticipating trouble with the 



mother country. Doctor Dearborn 
organized a military company and 
was elected its captain. "Wlyen the 
news of Concord and Lexington 
reached the town, he, with Joseph 
Cilley and Thomas Bartlett, reorgan- 
ized the little command, and, at the 
head of sixty men. marched Captain 
Dearborn, on the morning of April 20, 
1775, towards Cambridge, Mass. 

In less than twenty-four hours 
those farmer volunteers marched a 
distance of fifty-five miles. After re- 
maining there several days they re- 
turned home. A regiment was at once 
organized, commanded by Col. John 
Stark, and Doctor Dearborn was, on 
April 23, 1775, commissioned a cap- 
tain. His company arrived at Old 
Medford, .Mass., May 15, and in a few 
days was engaged in a skirmish on 
Hog Island. He had been sent by 
the colonel to prevent the stock being 
carried off by the British, and in a 
few days later took part in an engage- 
ment with an armed vessel near Win- 
nesimet Ferry. 

The following letter by Colonel 
Stark is self-explanatory: 

"Medvoed, June 8, 3 775. 
Captain Henry Dearborn:— Yon are re- 
quired to go with one sergeant and twenty 
men to relieve the guards at Winter Hill and 
Temple's tomorrow morning at nine o 'cdock, 
and there to take their places and orders, 
hut first to parade before Xew Hampshire 
Chambers '(Billings Tavern). Jonx Stark, 
Col." 

Captain Dearborn endorsed the 
order by writing on the back, "first 
time I ever mounted guard." 

Very early on the 17th of June, 
Colonel Stark's regiment marched to 
Bunker Hill. Captain Dearborn's 
company was the flank guard of the 
regiment. In the thickest of the fray 
were Dearborn and his men. He took 
with him his small medicine case, 
which he lashed, together with his 
sword, to bis coat, and did one man's 
part in using the old king's arm upon 
the forces of England. 

In Die following "September, he 
volunteered and joined the expedition 



A Veteran of Two Wars 



137 



of Gen. Benedict Arnold through the 
wilderness to old Quebec, where on 
December 31, 1775, lie was taken 
prisoner. He was not exchanged 
until March 10, 1777, and nine days 
later he was made major of the Third 
New Hampshire Regiment, to rank 
from November 8, 1776. Col. Alex- 
ander Scammell (another member of 
St. John's Lodge, No. 1) commanded 
that regiment of veterans. 

At Stillwater, Major Dearborn 
fought bravely : and on September 19, 
1777, was transferred to the First 



passed through an orchard, Major 

Dearborn played a most daring and 
important feat. 

After the British had been beaten 
off, Colonel Cilley dispatched his 
major to General "Washington to see 
what further service was required be- 
fore taking refreshments. The little 
doctor-soldier's face was black from 
smoke of battle. He saluted the gen- 
eral, who cried out: ""What troops 
are those ? ' ' Ma jor Dearborn replied : 
"•Full blooded Yankees from New 
Hampshire, sir." "Your men, sir. 



l- 


3+5 


. '&: A $i .. 

- &*T ", r" f 


':■■ 


' .v.- '.■.■-■•.' 5 


' 


■' 


--■ ■'■■! 


. 









; . - . 






Nottingham Square 
The tir-t building on the left in the piemre is The school house: near this is the Bradbury Bartlett Place, while 
toward the right is the Butler Place, formerly the Butler Tavern but. now a boarding house. A little way from. 
this was the Dearborn Place, the old home of General Deaborn, which has been removed, the main portion being 
now a part of the residence of Mr. Kersey Durgin, just off the road leading to Nottingham Center. The D. A. R. 
has set up a marker in memory of General Dearborn. 



Regiment of New Hampshire Cont'- 
nental troops, commanded by Col. 
Joseph Cillev who had, on June 15, 
1775, been made a Mason in St. John's 
Lodge, No. 1, "Gratis/' "for his good 
service in the defense of his country." 
At the battle of Monmouth, the First 
New Hampshire Regiment fought 
bravely and Colonel Cilley and Major 
Dearborn "attracted particularly the 
attention of the commander in-chief." 
It was after General Lee's blunder 
that Washington ordered Colonel 
Cilley s regiment to attack a body of 
the British crack troops. As they 



have done gallant service; fall back 
and refresh yourselves/' quickly re- 
plied Washington. 

The following day. General Wash- 
ington, in his general orders expressed 
the highest commendation of the ex- 
ploit of that regiment. Here General 
Washington learns that .Major Dear- 
born is a member of the Masonic in- 
stitution, and is popular in the cloth 
of the craft. 

One of Doctor Dearborn's profes- 
sional friends, as well as a military 
compeer, was Col. John Hale, M. D. f 
of llollis, N. H. (the narrator's ma- 



13S 



The Granite Monthly 



ternal great-great-grandfather), sur- 
geon under Colonel Cilley in the First 
New Hampshire Continental Regi- 
ment. 

The assistant surgeon of the cele- 
brated First New Hampshire was Dr. 
Jonathan Poole of Hollis (a. native of 
Wbburn, Mass.), With Colonel Cilley,. 
and Major Dearborn, Doctors Hale 
and Poole played important parts in 
flie battles of Saratoga and Stillwater. 
(Doctor Poole was the narrator's ma- 
ternal great-grandfather.) At Mon- 
mouth, many of the First New Hamp- 
shire were wounded and some died. 

In 1779, Major Dearborn accom- 
panied Major-Gen. John Sullivan 
(another member of St. John's Lodge 
of Portsmouth) on the noted expedi- 
tion against the Tories and Indians 
and took an active part in the action 
of August 29, at Newburn. Here the 
First New Hampshire lost many men. 

On April f, 17 1 9, we find Dearborn 
present as a visitor at "American 
Union Lodge" in the Army, which 
opened as an Entered Apprentice 
Lodge. He was at that time a 
Masonic guest of Major-Gen. Samuel 
Holden Parsons of Connecticut, an 
active member of that renowned lodge. 

In 1781 he was appointed deputy 
quartermaster-general, with the rank 
of lieutenant colonel, and served with 
a branch of General Washington's 
army in Virginia. He could be 
trusted at all times. He served until 
March 5, 17S2, when he retired to pri- 
vate life. In 1781 he moved from 
New Hampshire to Kennebec, in the 
District of Maine. In 1787 he was 
elected brigadier- general of militia 
and later was appointed a major- 
general, In 1790, "Washington ap- 
pointed him marshal for the District 
of Maine. 

He was twice elected representative 
from old Kennebec County to Con- 
gress. On March 5, 1801, he was 
appointed by President Jefferson, sec- 
retary of war, which office he held 
with credit to himself until March 7. 
1809, when lie resigned and was 
appointed collector for the Port of 
Boston. 



On January 27, 1812, he was com- 
missioned as senior major-general in 
the army of the United States. His 
military bearing was of the best; he 
was popular with his men, and was 
loved by his fellow officers. 

The one failure of brother Gen. 
William Hull at Detroit had a deep 
effect upon the plans of General Dear- 
born. Commodore Chauncey and 
General Lewis worked in perfect 
harmony with General Dearborn in 
all his plans. On the forced march 
to Four Mile Creek, the hospital sur- 
geon of the army, Doctor Mann, said 
to General Dearborn, li I apprehend 
you do not intend to embark with the 
army/' The general replied: "I 
apprehend nothing, sir; I go into 
battle or I perish in the attempt." 

The little engagements of the War 
of 1812 were tame to him, compared 
with some of the hard battles of the 
Revolution he had participated in. 
He was honorably discharged from the 
army June 15, 1815. In 1822 he was 
appointed minister plenipotentiary to 
Portugal, and after two years re- 
turned to America at his own request. 

The hard service in the two wars of 
his country had broken down his 
health. He was a member of that 
distinguished American body, the 
" Society of the Cincinnati, ' ; and be- 
came one of its general officers. Never 
was any one of his undertakings a 
failure. ' The sturdy Anglo-Saxon an- 
cestry of General Dearborn was 
plainly manifest in his character. 

He first married, in 1771, Mary 
Bartlett; second, 1780, Dorcas (Os- 
good) Marble; third, 1813, Sarah 
Bowdoin, widow of Gov. James 
Bowdoin of Massachusetts, His son, 
Henry Alexander Scammel Dearborn, 
was born March 3, 1783, and died 
July 29, 1851. General Dearborn 
possessed that one rare jewel of men- 
tal aristocracy which has been common 
in almost every age and country. He 
would have been a valuable man in 
the medical department of the Con- 
tinental Army, but he knew where he 
could do the best service to human 
kind. The careful and curious stu- 



A Veteran of Two Wars 



139 



dent of the War of 1612 finds no 
officer of more value to the American 
cause than Major-Gen. Henry Dear- 
born. 

lie died at Roxbury, Mass., June 
6, 1829. and was buried at Mt. Auburn 
Cemetery, with full civil, military and 
Masonic honors. No stone or epitaph 
marks his last resting place. His 
achievements were vast for American 
liberty, and we find that he has not 
proper space on history's page. The 
writer considers it his duty to con- 
tribute to literature this article, that 
generations yet unborn ma}' read of 
the virtues of the physician-general 
of America's two wars with England. 

No Masonic lodge bears his honored 
name. In Roxbury District, Boston, 
is a street named in his honor. In 
the modest tomb of Gov. James 
Bowdoin rests the ashes of this humble 
physician of Nottingham amid the 
forests of New Hampshire ; the vol- 
unteer captain, under the daring 
Stark at the battle of Bunker Hill; 
the prisoner of Quebec, who. in com- 
pany with brother Col. Return Jona- 
than Meigs, after their release from 
the British prison, traveled on foot 
from Quebec to Portsmouth. N. H. 

When Colonel Dearborn joined the 
Camp at Valley Forge lie became as 
valuable as a physician as he was as 



a line officer. He was a brilliant man, 
and Washington loved him dearly. 

The writer lias visited the old lodge, 
that made Henry Dearborn, a Mason, 
and there read its ancient book of 
records whose revered pages contained 
the name of the once physician of 
Nottingham. He has stood upon the 
summit of Breed's Hill (historically 
known as Bunker Hill) where a then 
young New Hampshire surgeon played 
the part of a volunteer captain, 
against the picked men of the land of 
his forefathers. He has stood amid 
the once wilds of the Kennebec where 
the veteran of Monmouth, Saratoga 
and Stillwater acted as a rural physi- 
cian, curing disease with roots and 
herbs and with other pioneer methods. 
He was born in Bristol, Maine, over 
whose historic soil Captain Dearborn 
walked on his return from captivity 
in Quebec. Lastly he has stood be- 
side the tomb in Mount Auburn, 
Watertown, Mass.; that contains the 
bones of the patriotic and fearless 
Henry Dearborn, whom "Washington 
trusted, Jefferson loved and whose 
last resting place is yet marked by 
no monument ! 

May the Granite State take the first 
step towards erecting a fitting shaft to 
his glorious memory 1 



A COUNTRY ROAD 

By Fred' Myron Colby 

A road with trees on either side, 

Through which, if you should chance to ride, 

A bit of sky shows at its end 

As arching trees together bend. 

A sort of an enchanted land — 
This trodden path of loam and sand, 
With rocks and moss beside the way, 
O'er which the summery branches sway. 



You seem to be in old Arcade, 
Where art, in sloping roof, has made 
Resemblance to the arching trees 
As they bend down before the breeze. 



140 The Granite Monthly 

Along one side, a river strays. 
Curving in many nooks and bays: 
And fertile meadows stretch away 
To slopes where dancing sunbeams play. 

Green pasture lands, a farm house white, 
On other side dawns on the sight ; 
And* lines of sumac, all ablaze. 
Illume the scene on autumn days. 

A rustic bridge, a babbling brook, 
That winds adown like shepherd's crook ; 
A glimpse of Hashing water falls. 
Where summer birds sing madrigals. 

Oh, fair and sweet, this country way, 
Where youthful lovers laughing stray; 
Where, wandering on an afternoon, 
One hears the pipes of Pan atune. 

In youth's fair day, in manhood's years, 

In moods of laughter or of tears, 

We Ve roamed this haunting pathway through, 

And dreamed o'er each dissolving view. 



INVOCATION TO SLEEP 

By Mary II. Wheeler 

Sleep, gentle Sleep, at the trysting place 

I have waited Jong for thee. 
The moon in a cloud hides her laughing face, 

And the stars seem to wink at me. 
Time furls his wings and is snail-like slow, 
And the lagging hours forget to go. 

I knew, dear Sleep, I have sometimes turned 

To the printed page from thee, 
When the midnight lamp inviting burned 

And the book had a charm for me. 
And was it this that could so offend, 
And estrange from me a life-long friend"? 

Forgive, dear Sleep, and come to me now 

In thy flowing robe of rest, 
With the veil of dreams o'er thy fair, white brow 

And the poppies at thy breast. 
Come touch my lids with thy breath of balm 
And pillow my head on thy peaceful arm ! 



A NEW ENGLAND MAY-DAY FESTIVAL 



By An Occasional Contributor 



u I feel in every midge that hums. 
Life fugitive and infinite, 
And suddenly the world becomes 
A part of me and I of it.'' 

The early impressions of childhood, 
especially as to m things pertaining to 
outdoor life, are so much stronger and 
more vivid than those received in ma- 
ture life, that it seems to be quite 
important these impressions- should 
not be allowed to slumber and stag- 
nate, but that the good old New Eng- 
land customs and ways of child and 
adult life should be revived and per- 
petuated by succeeding generations 
in order that new zest and vigor may 
be added to the ordinary routine of 
life to drive dull care away. 

May Day- was always a most de- 
lightful and memorable occasion in 
the New England homes, being the 
annual celebration of the return of 
new life, and the re-birth of spring, 
when the trailing arbutus comes forth 
in all its sweet beauty, as the blush on 
a fair maiden's cheek, ere the last 
snow drift has disappeared, tinged 
with color faintly, like the morning 
sky, and with a delightful sweetness, 
which lingers long in our memories. 

In a beautiful valley in northern 
New Hampshire is a large cone-shaped 
peak, called the " Pinnacle, ? ' as it 
rises abruptly for about three hun- 
dred feet from the surrounding hills. 
Many years ago it was thickly cov- 
ered with pirns, spruces and hem- 
locks, and close by was a beautiful 
little New England village. It -was 
the annual custom on the first day of 
May for all the young people, and 
also for many of the semi-young old 
folks to celebrate the day, on the top 
of this Pinnacle, with a royal picnic 
and feast. 

The preparations for this event 
were very elaborate and interesting, 
and they were generally begun at 
least one week before it took place. 
All the big boys and also some of the 



smaller ones, with axes and hatchets, 
went up to the top of the Pinnacle, 
which was about one thousand feet 
long on the top, and selected a good, 
flat, smooth spot, which was large 
enough to make a long arbor of 
spruce, pine, hemlock or cedar boughs, 
covered with a slanting roof of the 
same, which filled it with spicy fra- 
grance. A long table was made, run- 
ning through the center of the rustic 
arbor, sufficient to accommodate 
twenty or thirty persons. The arbor 
was decorated with evergreens, trail- 
ing arbutus and also the traditional 
May Pole, which was regarded as the 
crowning feature of the festival, with 
its multi-colored ribbons flying in the 
passing breezes. After this, many 
eager hands arranged the table, with 
the goodies prepared days beforehand, 
by the entire population of the vil- 
lage — chickens, boiled ham, cake, pies, 
gingerbread, jelly, jam, nuts, raisins, 
hard boiled eggs, sandwiches, pickles, 
lemonade, coffee, milk and other dain- 
ties. Much effort was expended in 
bringing the eatables, dishes, and 
other necessary things to the summit 
of this steep cone, yet all felt fully 
repaid for their strenuous exertions 
when everything was ready for the 
occasion. Each boy selected his best 
girl, if he was fortunate enough to 
have one, and the fun began at once. 
It was kept up all day, continuously, 
each one entering into the spirit of 
the occasion with zest and merriment. 
But no one was satisfied with one 
feast ; so, about every two hours, hun- 
gry boys and girls came to the well- 
filled table for something more, and 
such appetites ! Where have they 
gone now! Some of the big boys 
boasted of having a thirst, which was 
so long that it was unquenchable — 
consequently the lemonade, milk, cof- 
fee, etc., disappeared, before the feast 
was over, where no mortal eye could 
behold it more. 

Another favorite diversion of the 



14.2 



The Granite Monthly 



boys was to see who could eat the 
most. So they were weighed before 
and after eating. Two and one-half 
pounds was the limit for the cham- 
pion staffer, unless some one surrep- 
titiously tried to cheat, by putting a 
stone in his pocket. If that was done, 
the culprits were generally detected 
and put on half rations for the rest 
of the day as a punishment. Then 
came the games and the forfeits, 
which some of the big boys had to 
pay so reluctantly: such as kissing 
the girl they didn't want to kiss; roll- 
ing down a steep bank with another 
boy, with their legs tied, to see who 
would get there first ; playing ' ' Grace 
hoops" with their sweetheart, and 
when the hoop had been thrown over 
the darling's head, the painful sweet- 
ness and suspense while waiting for 
the forfeited lass. It used to be sup- 
posed that this sweet girl would ac- 
tually duck her head sometimes in 
order to assist the hoop to go -over it 
easily. Here arises a great moral 
question — why is stolen fruit always 
the sweetest? Washington Irving, in 
one of his sketches, tells us in his most 
charming manner how he once in- 
duced a small boy to assist him in 
stealing some of his own fruit ; then, 
the delightful sensations he and the 



boy had in eating it "on the sly" 
under the hedge, where they had con- 
cealed themselves. Of course the boy 
was not let into the secret that Irving 
was eating his own stolen fruit. 

Another game was ''Follow your 
Leader," when, if one failed to do all 
the wonderful and original stunts re- 
quired, the usual penalties followed. 
One of the most vivid recollections of 
these May Day festivities was, when 
after the arbor had been built and the 
table set ready for the feast, a small 
army of big black ants took possession 
of the premises and attempted to drive 
off the rightful owners to have a nice 
feast all by themslves. So that, when 
everybody sat down to enjoy the good- 
ies, a nice young lady would suddenly 
jump up, give a little squeal and 
start off into the woods on the run, 
followed soon by the other girLs. This 
was when the attack began and it 
broke up the feast on that spot. But 
the big boys rallied to the rescue, mov- 
ing the table with all the things on it, 
to another locality, where there were 
no disreputable black ants to annoy 
the dear, sweet girls — God bless them, 
one and all. How could we possibly 
get along without them? 3Iay they 
continue to live and enjoy these May 
Dav frolics ^til time shall be no more. 



TougaloOf Miss. 



A DAFFODIL 

By Frances M. Pray 
little daffodil, grown close 

To yonder old oak's trunk so gray. 
Your brightness cheers each passer-by, — 

A touch of brightness on his way. 
When low the cold wind bends your stem, 

"When showers come throughout the day, 
Undaunted still your brightness shows, 

Be cloud or sunshine as it may. 
Though withered soon your leaves must be 

Your life is surely not in vain, 
For in each heart that sees you there 

Your yellow brightness blooms again. 
When Spring is gone with budded hopes, 

And days sometimes with showers fill, 
The heart that saw you yet can smile 

For there you bloom, dear daffodil. 



*J3. 



THE "MORAL AND ECONOMIC WASTE 

OF WAR 

Prize Essay Contest Under the Auspices of the New 
Hampshire Peace Society 



On Monday evening, May IS, in 
Representatives Hall at the State 
House in Concord, five students, 
representing three academies of the 
state— two from Kimball I nion Acad- 
emy, Meriden, two from Sanborn 
Seminary, Kingston, and one from 
Tilton Seminary, — competed for the 
prizes offered by the New Hampshire 
Peace Society for the best spoken 
essays on ''The Moral and Economic 
Waste of War," three of the contest- 
ants being young men and two, 
ladies. The prizes were three in all, 
being $25, si 5 and $10 in gold, re- 
spectively, for the first, second and 
third best essays, delivery as well as 
composition being taken into account 
in determining their merits. 

Allen Hollis, Esq.. of Concord, pre- 
sided, and Charles R. Corning, Prin- 
cipal Charles F. Cook of the Concord 
High School, and Rev. H. B. Williams, 
pastor of the First M. E. Church, 
acted as judges. The first prize was 
awarded to Miss Alice B. Kemp of 
Sanborn Seminary; second to W. R. 
Hilliard of the same institution, and 
third to L. F. Cross of Tilton Seminary. 

As is often the case, many in the 
audience, which was not as large as 
should have been called out by such 
an occasion, disagreed with the ver- 
dict of the judges to some extent; but 
that the readers of the Granite 
Monthly may judge for themselves, 
so far as is possible from composition 
alone; for the gratification of many 
friends of the contestants, and out of 
regard for the importance of the sub- 
ject at this time, as well as the laud- 
able purpose of the Society offering 
the prizes, all of the essays are printed 
herewith, each preceded by the name 
<>f the contestant by which it was de- 



livered. It should be added that 
"'consolation prizes" of So each were 
given the unsuccessful contestants, 
through the generosity of Mr. Hollis. 



HORATIO JUAN CHASE 

Kimball Union Academy 

To ascertain the exact moral and e economic 
waste of war is an impossibility. It is like 
trying to explain the laws of gravitation or 
to account for the wonders of electricity. 
We know there are such things, but thus far 
the greatest minds have been unable to com* 
prehend them in their full significance. In 
dealing with our present subject we can pic- 
ture some of the horrors of war with its 
economic and moral devastation, but we can 
not fully realize its tremendous moral and 
economic waste. 

We can see in our imagination two armies 
in battle array, a splendid assembly- to look 
upon. The}' are composed of the flower of 
the land. These 3"oung men have great possi- 
bilities before them. They are such men as 
this world of industry needs to keep the wheels 
of progress in motion. But take another 
glimpse at "the scene. We can see not only 
the young men of great promise but swords, 
also, muskets, cannon, mortars, — machines 
fashioned for the destruction of men. Little 
wonder that admiration changes to sorrow 
when we realize that these machines are to 
be used to slaughter human beings, all because 
of some international contention, on which 
diplomats cannot reach an agreement. Pres- 
ently we hear the roar of cannon, answered 
by cannon's roar. Now follow scenes which 
are most fiendish. Deeds are committed 
which under other conditions human law 
forbids. Human life and happiness count for 
naught under these circumstances. This is 
war, and Sherman rightly said, " War is hell." 

Men cannot place on a balance sheet the 
economic cost or moral waste of war. They 



144 



The Granite Monthly 



can, perhaps, count the. men who do not 
answer at roll call and estimate roughly the 
expenditure in dollars and cents, but how 
much war is to blame for social corruption. 
we cannot tell; how much it is responsible for 
industrial complications, we shall never know. 

This barbaric institution certainly is the 
cause of demoralization in that it makes it 
necessary for the individual to adopt a dual 
code of moral laws. This dual code pre- 
scribes that, today, "Thou shalt love thy 
neighbor as thyself'*; today,. "Thou shalt not 
kill"; today, if the summons comes, it is your 
duty to die for your neighbor. But to- 
morrow, when your nation is at war, this 
same code prescribes "Thou shalt seek to 
destroy thy neighbor and lay waste his prop- 
erty; thou shalt risk thy life, if necessary, that 
thy neighbor's life may be taken." One is 
the code taught in the time of peace, and the 
other the one which is practiced in time of 
war. Think it not strange, that men, taught 
that it is permissible to suspend the decalogue 
for the sake of their country, suspend its 
enactments for their own convenience. - Can 
you question why there has been an increase 
of crime and vice after every great war 
recorded in history? 

To quote statistics on our subject is useless. 
They are so vast that human mind cannot 
conceive of them. Let the statement of two 
or three facts sumce. If the men sacrificed in 
war during the nineteenth century could be 
laid in a trench five deep, they would 
reach from New York to San Francisco. 
With less than one-fourth of the money spent 
on the American Civil War alone, five Panama 
canals could be constructed. It is estimated 
that the Union army destroyed property to 
the amount of three hundred million dollars 
on the march from Atlanta to the sea. ' We 
must add to these the fact that the expendi- 
ture of treasure and the loss of life are not 
confined to the time of actual warfare but 
continue long after the declaration of peace. 
There is the interest on the war debt to pay, 
pensions to be provided, disordered financial 
conditions to be straightened out and com- 
mercial relations to be adjusted. 

It is true that, in a measure, this terrible 
loss of life and property would be justified, 
if there were no other method of settling 
international disputes. But war is not neces- 
sary on the ground that there is no substitute. 



The Hague Court has settled many disputes 
between nations with satisfaction and justice 
to both parties, and in so doing has pre- 
vented much immoral and costly strife and 
avoided a terrible sacrifice of life and lowering 
of moral ideals. 

Men cannot dispute the great American 
poet, who more than fifty years ago wrote: 

"Were half the power that fills the earth 

with terror, 

Were half the wealth bestowed on camps 

and courts 

Given to redeem the human mind from error, 

There were no need of arsenals and forts." 

May God hasten the day when war shall 
be no more, when the one law of reason, 
justice and love shall rule over the national 
as well as over the personal affairs of men. 



WILLIAM RUSSELL HILLIARD 

Sanborn Seminary 

In the history of every nation, wars have 
played their part. The result has been that 
they have always lowered the moral standard 
Of the countries involved. They have also 
cost the countries vast sums of money, and 
caused the destruction of much property and 
the loss of many lives, all of which have weak- 
ened the countries and involved them in debt. 

Let us first consider the economic side of the 
subject. Not only during periods of war, but 
in times of peace, it costs all the leading na- 
tions of the world vast sums of money to main- 
t:iin their armies and navies. While they are 
fighting, the soldiers must be furnished sup- 
plies, and it takes only a few hours for a large 
army to use a million dollars worth of supplies. 
In a period of peace, consider the amount nec- 
essary to maintain a standing army and a navy 
and to build the huge battleships of today. 
Every man, woman, and child in the United 
States pays six dollars a year for war, and this 
in a time of peace. The money spent for one 
battleship would build a thousand locomo- 
tives, or give twenty-four thousand persons a 
college education. The total amount of 
money spent for war by the nations of the 
world during the last century was forty bil- 
lions of dollars, a sum so vast that the men- 
tion of it leaves only a confused impression on 
the mind. The cost of our Civil War was 88,- 
000,000,rX)0, and, including the pensions and 



Moral and Economic Waste of War 



145 



interest since paid, it is estimated at $13,000.- 
000.000. To pay such debts as these has 
greatly retarded the growth and development 
of all nations, and practically every nation in 
the world still lias a heavy war debt to pay. 

Another great economic waste of war is the 
destruction of property. The country in 
which the war is waged is always deyasted. 
The crops are destroyed, the towns burned, 
railroads torn up, the domestic animals killed, 
until nothing is left of what was once a pros- 
perous count ry. After the Civil War the 
Southerners went back to their homes penni- 
less. Their crops were destroyed, their homes 
burned, their manufactories, railroads and 
everything else destroyed. 

The third and, by far, the greatest economic 
waste of war is the inevitable loss of a great 
number of men. It is estimated that 15,000,- 
000,000 of men have been slain in battle since 
the first authentic history. This number is 
ten times the present population of the earth, 
and shows the great number of human lives 
claimed by warfare. Those men are always 
in the flower of their manhood, between the 
ages of twenty and forty-live. As a result of 
their death, many homes are left without hus- 
bands or fathers. They are general!}* of the 
working class, and, in this way, the country 
loses so many of its working people that in- 
dustry is seriously crippled,. 

Turning now to the moral side of the sub- 
ject, let us first see what reliance on military 
power means. It does not mean reliance on 
reason, or conscience, but it means that re- 
liance is placed by the great nations of the 
earth on brute force. Thus the struggle of 
human society for existence is brought down 
to the animal level with its principle of the 
survival of the fittest. So the strong nation 
gets the good things and the weak one gets 
no tiling. 

It is not the suffering of war, great and ter- 
rible as it is, for suffering is the heritage of 
man, neither is it the death of war, cruel and 
horrible as that is, for death is the common lot 
of man; but it is the sin and crime of war that 
constitute its chief offence, and that render it 
the damnable occupation of moral beings. 
Well has it been said that war is hell. It is 
not because war kills, that it is hell, but be- 
cause it corrupts. Although the damage it 
inflicts upon persons and property is great, it. 
«a trifling compared with the damage it in- 



flicts upon morals. The terrible part of war 
is not the bloody corpse upon the battlefield, 
but the general lowering of ideals and the 
blunting of moral faculties. The great evil of 
war is not the destruction of life and property, 
for storms, earthquakes, sea, fire, railroads, 
and mines destroy life equally with war. But 
the peculiar evil of war is that it corrupts 
while it consumes, that it demoralizes while 
it destroys. It is not the physical death that 
is the greater evil, it is the moral death. 

A declaration of war causes men to break 
the Ten Commandments — to kill, lie, cover, 
steal, and to commit ever}- sin, which before 
the declaration, had been forbidden. One 
commandment says '"Thou shalt not kill,"' 
but war has no other end than to kill. An- 
other says "Thou shalt not steal," but a sol- 
dier may loot 'and his country may annex an- 
other country. Another says that the Sab- 
bath shall be kept holy, but in war battles are 
fought and men are killed on the Holy Day. 
Thus, in war, we sacrifice everything. Noth- 
ing is left, neither God nor Sabbath, neither 
ethics nor religion. 

ALICE BOWDOIX KEMP 

Sanborn Seminary 

Since the beginning of the human race, men 
have settled then differences by brute force. 
Until the world became somewhat affected by 
the teachings of Christ, there was little 
thought of employing any other means of set- 
tling the difficulties that arose between men or 
between nations. Might has made right. 
The strong have ruled and the weak have 
served, and there has been no redress for the 
weak, no matter how much they were wronged. 
The golden rule has changed tin's condition of 
things somewhat. In civilized, Christianized 
countries, at the present, arbitration is playing 
a large part in the settlement of disputes. 

The moral degradation that comes to any 
nation that engages in war can scarcely be es- 
timated. Anything that tends to lessen the 
value of human life in a marked degree lowers 
the standard of morality. This is especially 
true in war. Outside of the cruelties and ex- 
cesses that tend to brutalize the soldiers them- 
selves, come the long train of evils on the 
inhabitants of the country which has suffered 
from war. Intemperance, licentiousness, dis- 
honesty, and an irreligious attitude of the 



146 



'The Granite Monthly 



people follow in the wake of any war. espe- 
cially a war for conquest. 

When a man enlists in the army it is his duty 
to go to war. if war arises. There he must do 
his best to kill his enemy. Really, then,, the 
average, war is nothing more than licensed 
• minder, and the soldier becomes so hardened 
to it that th<:- taking of human life seems of 
little importance to him. Then, again, the 
life in the army is generally destructive of good 
a morals. The moral, social, and religious re- 
straints of home life are lacking, and the aver- 
age soldier gives loose reins to his appetites 
and passions. Drunkenness, profanity and 
licentiousness are common, so that it takes a 
man of exceedingly strong will power to come 
out of war undefiled. After our Civil War it 
was a generation before the country had re- 
covered from the wave of drunkenness, dis- 
honesty, and immorality that swept over the 
land. ".: 

Our children are early taught about war and 
led to consider it a most glorious occupation. 
When the child is small he has tin soldiers, 
drums,- toy guns, and swords for his play- 
things. These remind him of war, so, nat- 
urally, he grows up to love war, and to think 
that the life of the soldier is the ideal life. All 
this is wrong. The child should be taught the 
evils of war, so far as he can understand them, 
and that war is never right except as a last. 
resort in defense of one's country. 

The press becomes corrupted by the war- 
like influences and urges on the people to 
strife. If the public press could have been 
muzzled before the Spanish War, President 
McKinley could have settled matters, prob- 
ably, without the loss of life and the tremen- 
dous outpouring of the nation's wealth. 

But the moral waste of war, however great 
and far-reaching, is only one of the evil as- 
pects of strife. The economic waste in men 
and in money is even greater and more lasting 
than the moral waste. 

The wars of Napoleon give us a very vivid 
picture of the effect of war on the physique of 
the French nation. To keep his armies full, 
this great commander had to draft into the 
service all the men in France physically fit to 
bear arms. The weak and incompetent were 
left at home. The result Was that the average 
stature of the Frenchman decreased about two 
inches in the years following these wars. 

The awful loss of men during the Turkish 



War will cripple Bulgaria for fifty years. 
Among the widows and orphans all over the 
country there has been suffering no words can 
describe, because the father, the bread winner, 
was taken away in this awful struggle. Surely 
General Sherman's characterization of war as 
'''hell" has a good exemplification here. 

The material cost of war is terrible and is 
rapidly increasing as new implements of de- 
struction are invented. A first-class battle- 
ship now costs from $10,000,000 to $20,000,- 
000, and in less than a score of years is con- 
signed to the scrap heap. Is it any wonder 
that the cost of living in all civilized nations 
is high, and becoming still higher, when so 
much of the wealth of the nations is locked up 
in war armament? 

Our Civil War cost about $8,000,000,000 or, 
if we include pensions and interest paid since, 
the cost is about $13,000,000,000. At the pres- 
ent, such a war would cost even more than 
this fabulous sum. The loss of life in this war 
was about 1,000,000 men killed or perma- 
nently disabled. The property loss incident 
to the war cannot even be estimated. The 
whole South was one vast wreck. In his 
march through Georgia, General Shearman es- 
timated that he destroyed property to the 
value of $500,000,000. Thousands of people 
were left homeless and destitute and the 
track of the victorious arm}- was a smoking 
desert. 

We have already intimated that the ex- 
pense of a war does not cease when the war 
ends. We have already paid over $3,000,000,- 
000 in pensions to the survivors of the war, 
and it is estimated that before we pay the last 
pension to the last survivor of this war, we 
shall have paid $5,000,000,000, or more than 
half what the war cost. 

In view of these facts: that war carries in 
its wake a tide of immorality, that the loss of 
life and the consequent suffering are immeas- 
urable, that the cost can scarcely be estimated, 
that this cost does not cease when the war 
closes, but passes on its burdens to the coming 
generations, that it is growing more and more 
costly, and that every civilized nation is stag- 
gering under the burdens of preparation for 
war in the time of peace — is it not time for 
wars to cease and for nations to disarm and 
to turn "swords into plowshares and their 
spears into pruning hooks," and thus usher in 
the reign of the Prince of Peace? 



Moral- and Economic Waste of War 



147 



ELSIE CORA BAILEY 

Kimball Union Academy * 

War is an institution handed down to us 
by barbarians, the removal of which is the 
task of modern civilization. War means all 
that makes for ruin and devastation. It 
abolishes respect for law, life and property 
rights. It brutalizes thought and arouses all 
the evil passions of men. It necessitates 
a vast waste of power and wealth, thereby 
preventing the development of the nation. 

The economic losses of war, including the 
loss in money., life, property, derangement 
of business and impairment of health, are so 
great and run in so many directions, that 
anything more than approximate estimates 
are impossible. It is estimated that the enor- 
mous sum of forty trillion * dollars was spent, 
by the nations of the world, in a single cen- 
tury. This has materially retarded the ad- 
vancement of civilization. General Sherman 
estimated that his army on their march to 
the sea, destroyed at least three hundred 
million dollars of property. 

But greater than the waste of the "earnings 
of these poor men's lives" is the waste of 
life itself. It is estimated that the aggregate 
loss of life in all wars that have occurred since 
authentic history began, has not been less 
than fifteen trillion, a number equal to all the 
people who have inhabited the globe for the 
last six hundred years, allowing three genera- 
tions to the century. 

The expenditure of life and treasure in the 
field is but a small part of the actual cost of 
war. We must include the large number of 
deaths resulting from wounds received in war. 
the enormous expenditure for pensions, con- 
tinuing for at least two generations, disor- 
dered financial conditions, and, probably 
larger than all of these, the cost of peace by 
force of arms. The immense debts that every 
nation has hanging over it today have been 
created almost, entirely by war. The inteivst- 
bearing debt of the I'nited States is now nine 
hundred and twenty million dollars. Add to 
that the debts of twenty-three other nations 
and we find that the approximate debts of all 
the nations in the world are thirty-four and 
one-half trillion dollars. This is practically 

„ . * l,se °* x ' n ' lH ' rt( ->rcl is a manifest inadvertence. 
Billion" was doubtless intended in each case where 
** rcaa used in the essay. 



all chargeable to war. During the last fifty 
years the United States has paid about four 
trillion dollars for pensions, besides eno mous 
sums for ot her puroses. Conceive, if you can, 
the cost of armed peace today. The cost of 
only one dreadnaught and its maintenance 
for twenty years is twenty-eight million dol- 
lars, a sum that would give 10,000 young; 
people a college education. 

Morally, war is the most degenerating evil 
of the age, for it is the one evil that suspends 
all rules of moral obligation, and for this rea- 
son, lowers the moral tone of those engaged 
in it. A British military officer has said,. 
''That soldiers, as a class, are men who have 
disregarded the civil standards of morality 
altogether/' In soldiers' eyes, lying, thiev- 
ing, drunkenness and profane language are 
not evils at all. Looting is one of their pleas- 
ures., and in the destruction of property, for 
sheer fun, they delight. Mr. Walsh,, in his 
book called "The Moral Waste of War," 
states that the greatest social evil of the pres- 
ent age, white slavery, finds its inception in 
warfare and is one of its most essential ac- 
companiments. 

What docs the military spirit mean? It 
means reliance upon brute force, not reason 
or conscience. Through brute force human- 
ity is brought down to the level of animal 
life with its fundamental law— the survival 
of the fittest. Here is a world full of good 
things. There are enough for all, but in a 
world ruled by brute force, the strong get 
the larger share. In the struggle, the weak 
are remorselessly trampled down and killed 
without pity. Is not this an utter contra- 
diction of the spirit of the Christian Gospel, 
which sends out its challenge to the strong, 
telling them the}* should bear the infirmities 
of the weak? 

The establishment of universal peace de- 
pends entirely upon the moral development 
of man. History is a record of this moral 
development and Emerson has said that it 
is a record of the decline of war. If it is true 
that human nature makes war inevitable, 
then war will not cease until human nature is 
changed by man's moral development — until 
the idealist's dream finds expression in the 
every-day life of men. 

Our nation stands today at a crisis in 
its relation to a sister republic, but there 
can be no doubt that public sentiment is 



14S 



The Granite Monthly 



strongly in favor of peace. In this way we, 
as a nation, acknowledge that morality is a 
higher principle than brute force, and that 
brute force must, eventually, give place to 
that higher law of morality, when public 
opinion shall demand peace and international 
friendship. 



L. E. CROSS 
Tilt on Seminary- 
How many of you would throw away ten 
dollars? Not one in this audience. Yet 
every person in the world might be ten dollars 
richer tonight were it not for the wars of a 
quarter of the nineteenth century. 

The Peace Society of London, after making 
a careful estimate of the cost of the wars from 
the Crimean to the Zulu and Afghan, found 
it equivalent to 11,298,358,000,000. A sum, 
they assert, that would be sufficient to give 
every man, woman and child on the habitable 
globe ten dollars. Or, if we wished to con- 
struct a railroad encircling the globe, let us 
see how long a one we could build. Today, 
the cost of a railroad is about §250,000 a 
mile, fully equipped with the latest safety 
devices. As the circumference of the globe is 
about 3'. '5,000,000 * miles, the money spent on 
twenty-five years warfare could completely 
encircle the globe iwice at the equator. 

As such inconceivable sums are hard to 
realize and impossible to remember, let us 
turn to smaller, more concise numbers. 
Most of you know that the Panama Canal 
will cost about three hundred seventy-five 
million dollars. Yet with the money we 
spent in our Civil War, we could build twenty 
such, canals. Xor are wars costing less. Our 
seven years of revolution cost us § 135,000,000, 
or about the cost of the Panama Canal, but 
we also find that the Civil War of only four 
years cost us $6,500,000,000. or nearly twenty 
times as much as the Revolution. Is it pos- 
sible to predict what a years war in 1920 
might cost? 

A common thirteen-inch gun, firing a 1100 
pound shell, cost S165 for powder alone. 
The shell costs from SI 16 to $413. Then, 
too, we must not forget the cartridge-box, 
primers, etc., so we find that it costs about 

*Here is another manifest error in the use of figures, 
and others appear in the essav. 



$5S8 to discharge a thirteen-inch gun once. 
These guns can be worked about twenty-five 
times an hour, so we can see that one hour's 
work of a single gun will cost the government 
about $15,000. The cost of one-half hour's 
work of such a gun would send a boy through 
any of the leading colleges, and give him 
plenty of spending money beside. 

Human life came before money. Let us 
consider the moral waste of war. At the call 
to arms, who are the first to enlist? In the 
majority of cases, it is he of the younger gen- 
eration that is ready to die for his country. 
Of these young men who go to war, it is but 
seldom that a large percentage return. And 
thus the nation is left, at the close of the war, 
in the hands, not of the bravest, but of those 
who did not enlist. 

When war breaks out, it marks the begin- 
ning of the undoing of years of study and prog- 
ress. The tendency today is away from the 
brutal and inhuman. To this end, schools 
try to teach our relation to foreign countries, 
and churches teach the spirit of Divine Broth- 
erhood on earth. But when war begins, 
people at once descend to a lower stage of 
civilization. During the wholesale murder of 
men. we cannot keep our minds from becom- 
ing filled with gross thoughts of revenge, 
anger, and all the host of comrade evils 
which, in time of peace, schools and churches 
have tried to remove. 

One of the desires of war is to set people 
thinking in terms of war. When people once 
get the idea of war firmly in then brains, no 
power on earth can stop their mad inhuman 
desire for killing. For war is not, after all, a 
desire for justice, but a desire to see how many 
of the enemy we can kill; the real aim of war 
is lost sight of, and we are reduced to mere 
savages, unprincipled and fighting for revenge. 

How can we expect our colleges and 
churches to do their best work when a few 
months may sweep away the entire gain of 
years. I am reminded of a piece of statuary 
repiesenting human-kind, earth-bound and 
weighed down by a load of national envy, 
jealousy and warfare. I see an old man. his 
gray beard and locks proclaiming him to be of 
the first generation. His form is bent under 
an immense load in the shape of a boulder. 
Opposite Mm are the forms of a young man 
and woman, both in the prime of life, but 
both bowed down by the same relentless 



Educative Value of Tool Work 



149 



freight which their ancestors bore and which 
they too must bear. All three have their eyes 
on a child in the center of the group. His 
form is healthy and robust, but already his 
tiny shoulders are placed to receive the inevi- 
table burden of national envy, jealousy and 



warfare Is it right that we thus thrust on 
the innocent child this load of antique barbar- 
ism and trials? 

Xo! He is the one that will suffer most 
and that should be protected from the moral 
and economic waste of war. 



EDUCATIVE VALUE OF TOOL WORK 

By S: Horace Williams 



Education is a process of continuous 
growth and development; an adapt- 
ing of the nervous system of the indi- 
vidual to changing conditions; a 
never-ending change in the inner life 
of a person which enables him to live 
more efficiently in . his environment, 
and consequently to become master 
of the physical forces and social con- 
ditions about him. Hence, those ac- 
tivities, are educative in the highest 
sense which successfully bring about 
this inner adjustment of the human 
nervous system to the requirements 
of the exterior environment. The 
inner change must be continuous be- 
cause the environment is ever chang- 
ing. 

Racial progress from savagery to 
civilization has been marked and 
largely made possible by the discovery 
and invention of tools. Among 
those races where crude implements 
are still found, where primitive tools 
now exist, and consequently where 
manual dexterity is unknown, intel- 
lectual life is at a low ebb ar.d social 
conditions are of the simplest and 
most ancient type. In fact, ''The en- 
tire history of man, if examined care- 
fully, finally reveals itself in the his- 
tory of the invention of better tools." 
Strength of mind and of body have 
developed together in those races 
which lived in a temperate climate, 
where to live meant to struggle, and 
to survive meant to conquer the en- 
emy — human and brute-— and to pros- 
per meant the necessity of becoming 
masters of their physical environment. 



The conquest of stone and iron, of 
other metals and of the natural forces 
was accomplished 'only by the inven- 
tion of tools and machines to assist 
the human hand in performing the 
world's work. In fact, many of these 
tools have been shaped after the form 
of the human hand, as the ax, the 
hammer and the hatchet. If the hu- 
man race has risen to civilization 
largely through the invention of in- 
creasingly better tools, we believe the 
use of tools must play an important 
part in the education of the child, 
since the child in his own mental and 
physical developments repeats many 
racial experiences. 

It is safe to assume that in the aver- 
age American home a child finds little 
opportunity to learn the use of tools. 
In our cities, children are exposed to 
an industrial and commercial envi- 
ronment of which they are physically 
a part, but to which mentally they 
are strangers. Their imagination is 
stirred by the stupendous engineering 
feats all about them, the commercial 
activity bewilders them, yet they have 
no way of entering gradually into this 
teeming life unless education paves 
the way. The transition from school 
life to this active, practical life is not 
so natural as it was in the time of the 
guilds, when the son became an ap- 
prentice to his father, learning his 
trade at the father's side. Even farm 
life today in many cases does not offer 
the same opportunity for the rural 
child to develop manual dexterity and 
initiative, for the gasoline engine, elec- 






. 



1 









Educative Value of Tool Work 



151 



trie motor and many labor-saving de- 
vices have revolutionized the economic 
and social conditions in the country. 
And yet, on the whole, the country lad 
has a greater chance to attain self-re- 
liance, to develop persistence in over- 
coming obstacles and some degree of 
muscular control than the urban child. 
When the urban home, the farm and 
the parental shop,, cease to give this 
vital form of education and training 
which are necessary for social adjust- 
ment and for mental development, the 
school must reorganize her curriculum 
and assume this work as a public duty. 
Instruction in toolwork for boys, and 
in the household arts for girls in the 
public schools, will do much to satisfy 
the demand for this kind of education. 
During the last few years education 
in our country has seen radical 
changes. The school is responding 
to the call for vital courses of a prac- 
tical nature. It is doubtful whether 
any change or innovation in American 
education within the last fifty years 
has created so much discussion and 
such an enormous expenditure of 
money as the introduction of these 
courses into the elementary and high 
schools. 

When people make a sharp distinc- 
tion between headwork and hand- 
work, they commit a serious error, 
for scientists have not been able to 
note any differences in the structure 
of the brain cells, which would lead 
one to hold that some cells are the 
centers, of motor activity, while others 
are the centers of sensory life. Brain 
cells are both motor and sensory. 
However, we do not find that certain 
zones of the cerebral cortex perform 
certain functions. This has been 
termed the localization of centers, so 
that for instance, when one's speech is 
affected, the disease can be traced 
to a lesion of the speech center. 
"Whenever a sense organ is stimu- 
lated, nerve tissues are affected, en- 
ergy is liberated, and motor or mus- 
cular reactions tend to take place." 
Moreover, there are certain tracts or 
fibres which convey motor impulses 



and those which transmit sensory 
stimuli; the motor tracts maturing 
earlier than the sensory. Muscular 
exercise develops the myelin sheath of 
the nerves. Sir Crichton Browne 
said: "If bandages were applied to a 
child at birth so as to resbftttMHftll mus- 
cular movement, and kept on daring 
infancy and childhood, the result 
would be idiocy." Flabby muscles 
are closely correlated with imbecility. 
Motor expression, including various 
forms of tool work, develops the 
motor zone of the human brain, and 
tones up the entire brain by virtue of 
the association fibres. Muscular 
strain and tension, experiencing the 
muscle-sense with regard to weights, 
distance, vocalization, measure, etc., 
are the true and only genuine source 
of trustworthy knowledge early in the 
life of the individual. The boy who 
walks a mile knows the concept " mile ,} 
much better than the lad who got his 
information from a book. Toolwork 
gives a boy an opportunity to expe- 
rience a deep-seated instinct or biolog- 
ical craving for activity. Most normal 
bo3 r s are interested in toolwork because 
the demand for action comes from 
within — it is biological and harks back 
to the time when organic life mani- 
fested itself by the simple movements 
of contraction and expansion. 

To construct a library table, an 
electric motor or a gasoline engine, 
requires concentrated thought for a 
considerable length of time. To pro- 
duce a fine product one's thiifkiag 
must be clear, concise and accurate. 
In such work many problems arise 
which call for logical reasoning and 
the exercise of good judgment. Solv- 
ing problems which arise in toolwork 
gives the student a method of ap- 
proach to other problems in different 
fields of study, giving him an ideal of 
concentration of mind which will be of 
unquestioned value in solving prob- 
lems of perplexing difficulty. A gen- 
eral training of mind resulting from 
mechanical work is not what we as- 
sert, but we do believe that such work 
gives a method of approach. Con- 



/o 






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4.*-siv-^^.:^::.> 



'.:,-., .■.-•' -i^-.'J.V.-.-.i--.>.'.'..;.:<V .---v.:.:-.,...;.,.. ■•'<;-. 



Educative Value of Tool Work 



153 



struct in g a motor will assist one in 
reading Latin only to the extent of 
the elements common to each activity, 
plus this ideal of application in an 
intellectual pursuit. It is seldom 
that we discover a lack of interest in 
mechanical work among adolescent 
boys. Where there is interest, there 
is mental growth, and this is benefi- 
cial to both the individual and to so- 
ciety. The student who wants to 
make an object of use and beauty 
exerts an effort to realize his ambition, 
but this effort is motivated from 
within, not from without. Real and 
genuine interest in educational work 
can be seen by visiting a well-regu- 
lated shop where a class is working on 
problems which express the individu- 
ality of the members of the group. 
Boys will sacrifice holidays, picnics 
and play in order to work in the school 
shop. 

Every human being should con- 
tribute something to society. The 
world owes no man a living. A hu- 
man parasite is a disgrace to himself 
and a reflection upon the society 
which produced him. When one pro- 
duces a thing of beauty or of useful- 
ness he realizes a sense of achievement 
which is one of the deepest joys this 
world has to offer. "What a pleasure 
it is to see the sparkling eye of the lad 
who has constructed something of 
which he is justly proud! He realizes 
for the first time, perhaps, that he too , 
has a place in the world because he 
has made something which others will 
use and appreciate. This achieve- 
ment is the link which unites him to 
a busy and often selfish world. He is 
learning to construct and to produce, 
which are activities economically op- 
posed to destroying and consuming, 
forking on group-projects enables 
him to realize that he is an indispen- 
sable unit in a social group and he is 
learning that cooperation is the foun- 
dation of individual and social ]:>rog- 
rcss. Working with one's fellows 
inculcates sympathy for the other 
man's view-point. Cooperation in 
productive labor, when young, tends 



to develop respect for labor, giving 
the workers an insight into each 
other's economic problems and thereby 
rendering class strife less intense and 
the probability of amicable arbitra- 
tion between capital and labor more 
certain. A great deal of the strife 
between nations, classes and individ- 
uals is due to misunderstanding, and 
we believe that more intimate com- 
munication in social and commercial 
matters and the working out of prob- 
lems together will have a vast in- 
fluence in eliminating war, strife, jeal- 
ousy and hatred. 

On the moral side, we recognize the 
truth of the beautiful statement: '"'To 
the, cunning craftsman knowledge 
comes undeceitful." In toolwork, 
there is little opportunity for dishon- 
esty and deception, for the results of 
a boy's work are patent before him 
like an open book. When a piece of 
work is well done the worker deserves 
social approval because he has per- 
formed a task which stamps the indi- 
vidual as a productive member of the 
social organism. It is a fact, also, 
that one who busies himself along con- 
structive lines has less time for im- 
moral practices and less inclination 
toward the fabrication of anti-social 
activities. Construction calls into 
play one's resourcefulness, ingenuity 
and inventiveness. The mind oc- 
cupied in this way is not so easily 
deflected into unworthy and frivolous 
channels. In those schools where -a 
vital form of toolwork is given enough 
time to engage the interest of the 
children, discipline becomes easier, 
teacher and student work together as 
congenial friends, and it is here that 
the boy opens up his heart to his 
teacher-friend, for they are working 
upon a common problem. It is com- 
mon experience that where this kind 
of work is given in a school by an able 
teacher, the boys exhibit a better spirit 
toward their teachers and toward the 
schogl as a whole. Where the child 
is permitted to engage in this work 
after school hoars, or on Saturday, he 
escapes the evil influences of the 



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1 1 



Educative Value of Tool Work 



155 



streets which do more to saturate our 
children with evil thoughts and prac- 
tices than almost any other phase of 
our community life. 

Certain phases of tool work offer op- 
portunities for the stud}' of design 
and the execution of the beautiful. 
Through study, observation, and dis- 
cussion, one gains higher ideals of 
what is graceful, appropriate in de- 
sign and beautiful in form. By means 
of mechanical and freehand drawing 
one acquires a valuable medium of 
expression, adding another language 
to his resources. Just as the ability to 
speak a language accurately and beau- 
tifully requires fine muscular coordina- 
tions of throat, tongue and lips, so the 
power to express one's ideas by the 
graphic arts necessitates clear think- 
ing, fine muscular adjustments, the 
entire elimination of diffuse, random 
movements, and the habit of visualiz- 
ing objects in their true relationships 
and proportions. The learning of fun- 
damental principles in "the design of 
furniture will aid one in the field of 
design as related to other household 
necessities. The acquisition of good 
taste with regard to color schemes in 
wood stains will transfer to the field 
of selection for wall-paper designs, 
providing the subject has been treated 
in a vital way. The ability to repre- 
sent on paper excellently what one 
sees in space means that one's senses 
have been finely trained, that his per- ' 
ceptions are true and not distorted, 
and that his motor reactions are 
precise. Freehand sketching and 
mechanical drawing as required in 
connection with the courses in tool 
work require good observation, clear 
thinking and accurate representation. 

Vocationally, toolwork at home or 
in school enables many a boy to dis- 
cover his natural bent" of mind. The 
work-bench is one of the greatest 
means in education for enabling the 
child to discover his peculiar interests 
and abilities. Here, better than in 
any other place, he works out his 
ideas in metal and in wood. In learn- 
ing the correct use of tools, how to 



sharpen, care for and manipulate 
them, the child is enriching his knowl- 
edge by information which is of per- 
manent/ value. This construction 
work in the home or school shop often 
has a strong influence upon the boy in 
the choice of his life work. For this 
reason, he should have a chance to 
gain experience in various materials, 
as it is false to assume that every boy 
will find himself in woodworking. 
Projects made of wood and metal 
combined, involving mechanical 
movement appeal to the adolescent 
boy to a greater extent than the proj- 
ects which have immovable joints. 
In the beginning of toolwork, a boy 
sho.uld construct those things which 
call into action the large, fundamental 
muscles, and these objects should be 
very simple. As he gains control of 
these muscles, the work should be- 
come more refined, emphasizing the 
use of the accessory muscles and at 
the same time laying more stress upon 
close mental application. In the high 
school, especially, mental activity 
should predominate over mere drudg- 
ery, as muscular exercise, as such, can 
be gained in better ways. Hence, 
from the simple to the complex holds 
in toolwork as well as in the whole 
field of pedagogy. We must remem- 
ber that while all this toolwork may 
have a vital place in assisting the boy 
to choose a vocation later, the chief 
aim of this work in the elementary 
high school has to do with mental 
development and not with trade 
training. There should be little or 
no trade training, as such, until the 
child is sixteen or eighteen years of 
age. The acquisition, of habits of pre- 
cision, of muscular control and of ac- 
curate observation will undoubtedly 
assist one in later life. Another as- 
pect of toolwork which is worthy of 
mention, is the fact that the tools 
which are put into' the hands of a boy 
should be the best, and not of the 
cheap variety. A boy will appreciate 
good tools much more than cheap 
ones, and no time should be lost in 
teaching the child how to care for and 



156 



The Granite Monthly 



use them. It is folly to expect a child 
to do creditable work with inferior 
tools. This statement applies, how- 
ever, to children who are old enough 
to use tools according to instruction, 
and does not refer to play-tools which 
maj" be placed appropriately in the 
hands of kindergarten and primary 
children, 

Pedagogically, toolwork in school 
has a much broader meaning than is 
generally recognized. Along with the 
making of objects, all those facts 
which relate to the production of raw 
materials, its transportation and man- 
ufacture into finished products, should 
be studied. Such work as this brings 
out natural correlations, which in turn 
enrich much of the normal bookwork 
now given in school. "When related to 
toolwork. arithmetic becomes applied 
mathematics, the value of which is 
evident to the child himself. Prob- 
lems must be solved because they 
have a close relation to what the boy 
is doing. History and geography 
mean more to the boy who sees a nat- 
ural relationship between them and 
his constructive work. The biography 
of great inventors, the study of gigan- 
tic establishments such as the steel 
mills of Pittsburgh or Gary and South 
Chicago, or of the General Electric 
Works of Schenectady, and trips to 
such places under the guidance of a 
competent instructor stir the imagin- 
ation of youth and reveals to them 
the vital relation between education 
and the busy world. Such study, mo- 
tivated by the work in the shop and 
toolwork of a genuine type introduce 



the child to a form of education which 
is not divorced from life, but to an 
education 5 which is life. 

To conclude, then, we should say 
that toolwork is an indispensable part 
of a boy's education, because such 
work assists in the development of 
brain cells; exercises the muscles and 
thereby helps to medulate the nerve 
fibres; it satisfies a deep-seated de- 
mand for constructive activity which 
is found in the majority of normal 
children, and enables the child to real- 
ize that he is a productive member of 
the school and family group. How 
happy the boy who takes home his 
piece of work as a gift to his parents! 
Pride in their achievement and joy in 
their giving are often forcefully ex- 
hibited by boys who will not sell their 
work to prospective buyers. Tool- 
work trains the eye to appreciate the 
good in construction, develops habits 
of accuracy in muscular coordination, 
and at the same time tends to reduce 
meaningless, random movements. It 
will enrich much of the formal, ab- 
stract bookwork and will teach him to 
respect the honest craftsman. Con- 
struction work trains the hand and 
eye along lines of a boy's natural apti- 
tudes, often aiding in the selection of 
a vocation. Finally, such work leads 
many a restless and active child to 
take an interest in science and in the 
•broader aspects of education, holding 
him in school until his ambition is well 
defined and his will-power more able 
to cope with the problems of that 
greater school, the life of responsi- 
bility 



f -J / 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



HON. CHARLES A. DOLE 

Charles'" A. Dole, long a prominent citizen 
of Lebanon, and well known throughout the 
state for many years as a member of the 
State Board of Equalization, died at his home 
in that town. April 1, 1914. 

Mr. Dole was born June 20, 1S34. in Lunen- 
burg, Mass., the only son of Stephen and 
Martha Pierce Dole. He was educated at 
the Lawrence, Mass., high school, and at the 
old Orford Academy in this state, his father 
having returned during his youth to the old 
home in Wentworth. On account of delicate 
health, he was unable to pursue a college 
course, but engaged to some extent in teach- 
ing, and early took up the study of law. being 
admitted to the bar at the age of 23 years, 
and appointed clerk of the Court for Grafton 
County a year later, a position which he held 
for sixteen years. He removed to Lebanon 
in 1S75, where he ever after continued, in the 
practice of his profession, and in insurance 
and other office work, establishing a wide 
reputation for ability and trustworthiness. 
He was prominent in educational and gen- 
eral public affairs, having served on the Board 
of Education and as one of the Library trus- 
tees for many years; also representing the 
town in the Legislature and Constitutional 
Convention, as well as serving about twenty 
years, from 1883, upon the State Board of 
Equalization. 

Mr. Dole, married, — first. Miss Caroline 
L. McQuesten of Plymouth; second, Miss 
Helen M. Stevens of Haverhill. A son and 
two daughters survive. 

HON. ROBERT M. WALLACE 

Robert Moore Wallace, Chief Justice of 
the Superior Court of Xew Hampshire for 
twelve years, from its creation in 1901 till 
November, 1913, when he resigned on account 
of continued ill health, died at his home in 
the town of Milford on the 5th of April, 1914. 

Judge Wallace was a native of the town of 
Hyiiniker, son of Jonas and Mary (Darling) 
Wallace, born May 2, 1847. His father, who 
was a merchant in Henrhker, was of Scotch 
Irish descent, his ancestors having been 
among the early settlers of Londonderry, and 
was prominent in business and public life 
iii his day. Robert M. fitted for college at 
the Academy h\ Henniker, entered Dart- 
mouth at the age of sixteen and graduated 
with honor in the class of 1867, soon after 
commencing the study of law in the office 
of the late Col. Mason W. Tappan of Brad- 
ford, then an ex-Congressman, and later 
Attorney-General of the state. He was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1870 and located in 
practice in Milford the following year, where 
he continued through life, being for some 
years associated in practice with the late 



Hon. Bambridge Wadleigh. He was a rep- 
resentative from the town of Milford, as a 
Republican, in 1S77 and 1S78, and a delegate 
in the Constitutional Convention oi 1SS9. 
He was also for ten years — from 1SS3 to 
1893, Solicitor for Hillsborough County, 
being appointed in the latter year an Asso- 
ciate Justice 'of the Supreme Court by Gov. 
John B. Smith, which position he held, till 
the reorganization of the Judiciary in 1901, 
when he became Chief Justice of the Superior 
Court. He was also Judge Advocate General 
upon the staff of Governor Smith during 
the two years of his term. From 190G to 






... ■ . . ..-.. v l^- ^''.'*y*M^ 



Hon. R. M. Wallace 



____-_■; 



1910, he was a member of the Board of 
Trustees of Dartmouth College. 

On the bench, as at the bar, and in every 
relation which he held to the public in gen- 
eral, and to his fellow men individually, 
Judge Wallace commanded respect and con- 
fidence by his unquestioned honesty, integ- 
rity and thorough devotion to the spirit of 
impartial justice. 

Judge Wallace was a Mason, an Odd Fel- 
low, and a devoted member of the Congre- 
gational Society of Milford, whose stately 
edifice was filled by the townspeople and many 
friends from abroad, including members of 
the bench and bar from all sections, on the 
occasion of the funeral service. 

He married, August 2.5, 1874, Ella M. 
Hutchinson, by whom he is survived with 



158 



The Granite Monthly 



three children — two sons and a daughter — 
Edward D. of Kansas City. Mo.; Robert B. 
of Boston, and Miss Helen M., at home. 

DR. DANIEL G. BROCKWAY 

Daniel G. Broekway, M. D., for the last 
forty years a practising physician of Lebanon, 
died in that town April 1G, 1914.' 

lie was a native of Pomfict, Yt.. born 
October 4, 1847, and was educated at Ran- 
dolph, Vt. Kimball Union Academy, Meri- 
den, and Dartmouth College, graduating 
from the latter in 1S70. He studied medicine 
.with Dr. L. B. How, of Manchester, and 
later received the degree of M. D. from the 
University of New York. He commenced 
practice in Lynn, Mass., but soon removed to 
Lebanon, and there continued through life. 

He was for a time, soon after locating in 
Lebanon, Assistant demonstrator of anatomy 
and physiology at the Dartmouth medical 
School, but soon relinquished the position 
on account of his growing practice. He 
served for a time as Superintendent of Schools, 
and also as a Pension examiner. 

He married, June 15, 1874, Miss Fannie 
E. Plow, who survives him. 

HENRY K. FRENCH 

Henry Kendall French, long known as the 
proprietor of French's Hotel in Peter- 
borough, died in Duluth, Minn., March 25, 
*1914. 

He was a native of Jaffrey, born January 
21, 1826, but removed with his parents to 
Peterborough in childhood where he grew up 
in the hotel business, succeeding his father 
in that line. He was also engaged in stag- 
ing and the express business between Peter- 
borough and Wilton. He took a strong in- 
terest in railway development and was for 
a number of years president of the Monad- 
nock Railroad. He was a, close business 
associate of the late Benjamin P. Cheney, 
and for many years had the care of the 
Peterborough estate of the latter. 

He had been twice married, and for the 
last six years had resided with his son, 
George A. French of Duluth. Minn., who 
accompanied his remains to Peterborough, 
where the funeral occurred on Monday, 
March 30. 

HON. JAMES L. DAVENPORT 

James L. Davenport, a native of the town 
of Hinsdale, born January 27, 1845, died at 
West Falls Church, near Washington, D. C, 
April 2, 1914. 

Mr. Davenport spent his boyhood in Keene, 
where his parents had removed, and after 
the outbreak of the Civil War, after ineffec- 
tual attempts to enlist at home, ran awav, 
went West, enlisted in Company B, Fourth 
Yv lseonsiii Volunteers, and' went ' to the 
ft out. After several months' service he was 



disabled by illness and dismissed, but was 
subsequently enrolled in the Forty-ninth 
Wisconsin, but was unable to serve. Return- 
ing home, he served as clerk in a store in 
Keene some time; but in 1S70 became a 
traveling salesman for Silas Pierce & Co., of 
Boston. In 1SS1 he received an appointment 
in the Pension Bureau at Washington* where 
he continued, being promoted till in 1S97 he 
was made Deputy Commissioner of Pensions, 
and in 1909 became Commissioner, serving 
until the advent of the present administra- 
tion. He was a straight partisan Republi- 
can, and had no other hobby. 

ELLERY E RUGG 

Ellery E. Rug£, born in Sullivan, June 7, 
1841, died in Keene. March 30, 1914. 

Mr. Rugg was the son of Capt. Harrison 
and Sophia (Beverstock) Rugg. He was 
educated in the public schools and at a 
select school in East Jaffrey taught by 
Columbus I. Reed. He learned the trade of 
a blacksmith in youth which he followed for 
a time; but latex became a carpenter, and 
was thus engaged for many years. Later he 
was for some time engineer in the Symonds 
tannery, at West Keene, and afterward 
janitor of the Symonds •School. 

He was best known from his connection 
with the Grange, in whose work he was 
specially active and prominent for many 
years, holding various positions in the State 
Grange, including that of Overseer; serving 
long as a District Deputy, and officiating 
often and efficiently at installations. His 
knowledge of Grange work was exception- 
ally accurate, and his popularity in the order 
unsurpassed. 

He was twice married. His first wife was 
Miss Sabrina S. Barrett of Stoddard, who 
died in Keene. in 1835. His second wife, 
who survives him, was Miss Ella E. Foster, 
a native of Stoddard. He was one of six 
children of Capt. Harrison Rugg, only one 
of whom, Hon. Daniel Willard Rugg of 
Sullivan, a former state senator, now sur- 
vives. He hnd no children by either mar- 
riage. 

JAMES S. BRACKETT 

James Spaulding Brackett, long a well- 
known and respected citizen of Lancaster, 
died at his home in that town, May 7, 1914. 

He was a descendant of Anthony Brackett, 
who settled in Portsmouth in 1632, and a 
grandson of Joseph Brackett, one of the early 
settlers of Lancaster, who went there in 17SS, 
by ox team through the Crawford Notch, 
and located on a 200-acre lot on the present 
South Lancaster road, building a log cabin 
and establishing his household, where he was 
succeeded by his son, Adino X., father of 
James 3., who was also long a prominent 
citizen of the town. 

Mr. Brackett was born September 29 r 



New Hampshire Necrology 



159 



1S27. He was principally engaged in agri- 
culture in youth, but though not liberally 

educated, was of a studious nature, and by 
reading and observation became thoroughly 
well informed., and became both a teacher 
and land surveyor. His experience in the 
latter line made him a valuable member of 
the joint boundary commission establishing 
the line between New Hampshire and Maine 
in 1S5S. He was a lieutenant in the 17th 
New Hampshire Volunteer.- raised, for the 
Union Service in 1864, under Col. Henry 0. 
Kent, which was subsequently merged with 
another regiment, and he also held a position 
in the Boston Custom House during the in- 
cumbency of the latter as Naval Officer. 
He was a life-long Democrat, a Unitarian, 
a Mason, and a Past Commander of Col. E. 
E. Cross Post, Xo. 1G G. A. R. of Lancaster. 
He married, December 26, 1S50. Miss 
Mary Emerson of Lancaster, who died in 
1SS2, leaving five children — four daughters 
and a son, James Adino, of Milton, Mass., 
all of whom are living. 

CHAJRLES H. DOW 

Charles H". Dow, a leading citizen of Tam- 
worth for some time past, and a native of 
that town, born in 1836, died there April 9. 

Mr. Dow was for many years a member of 
the firm of Edward Russell & Co., now R. G. 
Dow & Co., mercantile agency, of Boston, 
retiring about twenty years ago and taking 
up his residence in the town of his birth, where 
he has been a helpful public-spirited citizen, 
his loss being widely deplored. He was a 
Democrat in politic, and became a close 
friend of the late ex-President Cleveland dur- 
ing the summer sojourning of the latter in the 
vicinity. 

Mr. Dow was twice married. His first 
wife was Sarah E. Hunt, who died in 1888. 
In 1S91 he married Annie E. Butterfield, who 
survives him, with a daughter, Mrs. Lewis 
A. Crossett of Boston. 

ANDREW S. WOODS 

Andrew Salter Woods, son of Edward 
Woods, well-known lawyer of Bath, and 
grandson of the famous Chief Justice Andrew 
S. Woods, for whom he was named, died at 
his home in Littleton, where he had removed 
on account of failing health. May 19. 1914. 

He was in the fortieth year of his age. hav- 
ing been born in Bath, December 31, 1874. 
He was educated at St. Johnsbury, Vt., 
Academy, at the Hopkinson School in Boston, 



and studied one year at Harvard University, 
at the end of which time he engaged in brok- 
erage in Boston, later entering tin- employ of 
the firm of Hornblower & Weeks, in which he 
became a partner in 190b. 

Mr. Woods was a member of several prom- 
inent clubsy and is survived by a widow and 
three children, the former having been Mai tha 
Sinclair Fowler, a daughter of Rev. and Mrs. 
C. J. Fowler, and a grand-daughter of the 
late Hon. John G. Sinclair. 



The death, some weeks since, of Mrs. 
Nancy King Dickey of Alstead, widow of 
James A. Dickey, removes the third of a 
somewhat notable group of people of that 
community, consisting of two brothers, John 
F. and James A. Dickey and their wives, 
who were also sisters, daughters of the late 
Samuel and Sophia (Egerton) King, all being 
natives of the town of Acworth, but long- 
time residents of Alstead, where, seven years 
ago._ they celebrated, together, the fiftieth 
anniversary of their double wedding. John 
F. Dickey passed away in April, 1913, and 
James A. but a few days before his wife, so 
that Mrs. John F. Dickey is the sole survivor 
of this remarkable quartette, which had 
long been a prominent factor in the social 
life of the community in which they lived. 



. December 31, 1913. As the year closed, 
the local historian peacefully and quietly 
passed from this mundane sphere^to, we trust, 
a more glorious one. Charles Sumner Spauld- 
ding was born and reared in that portion of 
old Holies known prior to 1870 as Monson, 
1740-70, a section of the old township of 
Dunstable of the County of Middlesex 
Province of Massachusetts Bay in New 
England, granted 1673. Monson had a 
corporative life of twenty-four years. His 
forbears were many of them octogenarians, 
■ the maternal connections being from leading 
families .of the early settlers. His grand- 
father's grandfather was Rev. Sampson 
Spaulding, native of Chelmsford, Mass., and 
pastor at Tewksbury, Mass. So he was 
trained in, and listened to, historic lore. 
Having a methodical turn of mind and 
euli ured memory, from time to time he 
recalled or penned many facts and incidents 
as well as gathered records of the Monsonians 
of that period and of their descendants. 

Hollis at its late annual town meeting 
voted to buy of his widow the said records, 
and elected a committee to so do. 

Observator. 



/(fO 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



The General Conference of the Congre- 
gational Churches of New Hampshire, being 
the 105th Annual Meeting, was held in the 
North Congregational Church at Portsmouth, 
on Tuesday, 'Wednesday and Thursday, May 
19, 20, 21, the opening session being on Tues- 
day evening, when the address of welcome 
was delivered by Rev. L. H. Thayer, pastor 
of the North Church; response was made by 
Edward G. Osgood of Nashua, Moderator of 
the Conference; and the annual sermon was 
delivered by Rev. W. O. Conrad of Keene. 
The report of the statistical secretary and 
treasurer, Joseph Benton, of Concord, was a 
leading feature of Wednesday morning's 
session; while in the afternoon were held the 
annual meetings of several of the allied and 
contributor}' organizations, including the 
Home Missionary Society, whose annual 
financial report was presented by Alvin B. 
Cross of Concord, treasurer. The leading 
address at Wednesday evening's session, and 
the ablest during the Conference, was given 
by Rev. Charles R. Brown, D. D., of New 
Haven, Conn., Moderator of the National 
Council. At the closing, session Thursday 
morning, Rev. 11, H. Wentworth of Orford 
was elected moderator for the ensuing year; 
C. W. Emerson of Milford, vice-moderator, 
and Rev. E. R. Smith of Concord, secretary. 
Various Committee reports were presented, 
and the closing address was given by Rev. 
Albert W. Howes of Fitzwilliam. There was 
a large attendance throughout, and much 
interest and enthusiasm manifested. 

Reference to the New Hampshire Congre- 
gational Conference .suggests the projected 
Conference of the Congregationalists of New 
England, scheduled to take place at the Isles 
of Shoals, where the Unitarians have held a 
summer Conference for a number of years 
past, covering the last days of July and the 
first ten days in August, it following, immedi- 
ately, the Unitarian Conference. A_n am- 
bitious and interesting two weeks programme 
has been laid out, and there is promise of a 
profitable session. Rev. Thorn, s Chalmers 
of Manchester is president, of the organization 
backing this project, and Rev. John L. Sewall 
of Worcester, Mass., is secretary. Excep- 
tionally low rates of entertainment have 
been secured at the hotels for those attending 
and strong efforts will be made to insure a 
large representative gathering. 



a monument to Rev. John Tucke, who was 
the first ordained pastor of the Church at 
Gosport (embracing the Isles of Shoals), 
serving for about forty years in the pastorate, 
previous to the Revolutionary period. The 
monument has been provided for by Edward 
Tuck of Paris, and is to be dedicated under 
the auspices of the New Hampshire Historical 
Society. The other event is of kindred 
nature, being the dedication of a tablet in 
memory of the notable Capt. John Smith the 
" Father of Virginia," who discovered the 
Isles of Shoals, on one of his adventurous 
expeditions, in 1614, three hundred years 
ago. A monument in his memory, erected 
here fifty years ago is being rehabilitated by 
the Society of Colonial Wars, which will 
also affix and dedicate the tablet. 



Two notable events are announced to 
occur at the Shoals on July 29 and 30, both 
of historic interest. One is the dedication of 



Two important political candidacies have 
been formally announced in the state during 
the past month. Mr. Rolland H. Spaulding, 
the wealthy leatherboard manufacturer, of 
Rochester, responding to the call of some of 
the party leaders who have long regarded 
him as an available man, has yielded to their 
wishes and published an announcement of 
his candidacy, for the Republican guberna- 
torial nomination, following the formal 
decimation of Charles S. Emerson of Milford 
to be a candidate, thus making probable a 
straight contest between himself and Rose- 
erans W. Pillsbury of Londonderry, already 
in the field. The other announcement is 
the long-expected one of Senator Gallinger 
as a candidate for the Republican nomination 
for Senator for the term of six years from 
March 4, next, which, should he be nominated, 
elected, and serve out the term, would give 
'him a thirty year period of service in the 
Senate. 

Another political event of interest and 
importance, as bearing upon the outcome of 
the next election in this state, was the much- 
talked about Conference of the leaders of the 
Progressive party in the state, at Manchester, 
May 23, at which there was a good attendance 
and free and full discussion, ex-Governor 
Bass taking a prominent part; and which 
resulted in the determination to have a full 
ticket in the field, and to amalgamate with 
no other party; though there was a strong 
expression of desire on the part of many of 
those present to endorse the candidacy, for 
senator, of Congressman Raymond B. Stev- 
ens, should he be put forward by the Demo- 
crats, against Senator Gallinger. 



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The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLVI. No. 6 



JUNE, 191-t 



New Sebies, Vol. 9, No. 6 



FREMONT— THE ANCIENT POPLIN 

Hails the Coming of Its- One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary 



Among the several New Hampshire 
towns which celebrate the one hun- 
dred and fiftieth anniversary of their 
incorporation during the present year 
is the little town of Fremont, situated 
almost exactly in the center of Rock- 
ingham County, on the line of the 
Worcester, Nashua and Portland line 
of the Boston and Maine Railroad, 



corporation, passed by the House 
June 20, 1764. having been concurred 
in by the Council and approved by 
Gov. Benning "Wentworth on June 
22, following, one hundred and fifty 
years ago the twenty-second instant, 
which date is appropriately set for 
the anniversary celebration, the town 
having voted at the last annual meet- 




Old Church and Town House, Built in 1S00 



and about ten miles west of Exeter, 
of whose original territory it was once 
a part, being a portion of the tract 
set off from the ancient Exeter as 
"Brintwood" in 1742, and incorpora- 
ted as "Keenborough" in 1744, from 
which the western section, about four 
miles square, was again set off, in 1764, 
and separately incorporated under 
the name of "Poplin/' the act of in- 



ing to formally observe the day, the 
arrangements being left in the hands 
of the selectmen who were authorized 
to appoint an executive committee of 
twelve members, to look after the de- 
tails of the celebration, such com- 
mittee, as named, being as follows: 

William H. Gibson, Joseph B. 
Sanborn, Stephen A. Frost, Alden F. 
Sanborn, James W. Wilkinson, James 



1G2 



The Granite Monthly 



B. Martin, Henry A. Cook, Wilcomb 
H. Benfield, Theodore B. Smith, 
Samuel J Willey, Abbie L. Robinson, 
Mary Alice Beede. 

The arrangements contemplate a 
general celebration, with E. Dana 
Sanborn, Chairman of the board of 
selectmen, as president of the day, 
and a full complement of subordinate 
officers. Governor Felker has ac- 
cepted an invitation to be present 
and speak, and Holland H. Spaulding, 
candidate for the Republican guber- 
natorial nomination, whose business 
interests naturally connect him with 
the town, is also expected. Alden F. 



in said Parish which made it very Inconven- 
ient for them to attend the same there that 
in Consideration thereof the Parish had 
consented that they shoud be Incorporated 
into a. New Parish all which appearing to be 
true— - 
Therefore 

Be it Enacted By the Governor Council ifc 
Assembly That all that part of the Parish of 
Brentwood contained within the following 
Bounds viz Begining at the Northwesterly 
corner of Said Parish thence runing Easterly 
on Epping Line one half of the Length of Said 
Line then begining at the South Westerly 
corner of said Parish thence Riming Easterly 
on Kingston line one half of the Length of 
said South line thence on a Strait Line aCross 
said Parish of Brentwood to the End of said 
Line runing from the said Northwest Corner 
the said Lines runing so far as to contain one 




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Boston & Maine Station, Fremont 



Sanborn will present an historical 
paper and the anniversary poem will 
be given by Miss Clara E. Robinson, 
while the orator of the day will be 
Rev. Thomas Chalmers, of Man- 
chester. 

Following is a copy of the act of 
incorporation, as it appears in the 
original record, orthography, capitali- 
zation and punctuation being strictly 
followed: 

An Ad for Incorporating a New Parish in the 
Westerly part of Brentwood. 

Whereas the Inhabitants of the westerly 
Part of Brentwood in this Province have 
Represented to the General Assembly that 
they were now Settled at a Considerable Dis- 
tance from the usual place of Public Worship 



half of all the Lands of said Parish is hereby 
Set off & taken from said Parish & all the 
Inhabitants dwelling thereon are freed & 
Exonerated of & from any Taxes duties & 
Services to or as a part of said Parish Except- 
ing y e province tax w h they are to pay with 
Brentwood as Usual till a New proportion 
and the same Lands & those Persons who do 
or shall Inhabit thereon are hereby Incor- 
porated into & made a New Parish by the 
Name of Poplin — ■ 

To have Succession & Continuance forever 
and the said Parish so Incorporated and made 
is hereby Invested with all the Powers & 
Authorities which the Inhabitants & Parish- 
ioners of Other Parishes by Law in this Pro- 
vince hold <x Enjoy, and are also Enfranchized 
<£ have to them Granted all the Privileges 
Immunities & rights of other Parishes as 
aforesaid And James Merril is hereby Author- 
ized to call the first- meeting of the Inhab- 
itants of Said Parish Qualified by Law to vote 



Fremont, the Ancient Poplin 



163 



to Chuse their Parish Officers & to transact 
any other affairs of said Parish giving due 
Notice of the time & Place of holding such 
meeting and the said Parishioners shall some 
time in the Month of March Annually forever 
hold their meeting for the common and 
ordinary choice of Parish officers. 
Province of \ In the House of Representa- 
New Hamps / fives June 20 th , 1764 

This Bill having been Read three times 
Voted That it pass to be Enacted 

H Sherburne Speaker 
In Council June 22<* 1764 
This Bill Read a Third Time & Past to be 
Enacted T Atkinson Jim Sec r y 
Consented to B Wentworth 

In 1783 the estates of Daniel Brown 
and twenty others, in the southern 
part of the town, were set off and 



tions are found, the most important 
being "Beede's Hill," so called, 
where some of the best laud in town 
is found. The soil is usually rather 
light, and almost entirely susceptible 
to cultivation. It is particularly well 
adapted to the production of corn 
and small fruits; but, as is the case in 
too many of our New Hampshire 
towns, is not being pushed to the 
extent of its capacity. While Fre- 
mont is essentially an agricultural 
town, its farmers are not generally 
making the most of their opportunity, 
It may be noted however, that, unlike 
a majority of the small country towns 
in the state, its farms are not being 



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Bassett's Pond, Fremont 



united to the town of Hawke, now 
Danville. In June, 1854— sixty years 
ago — the name of the town was 
changed from Poplin to Fremont. 

The town lies in the valley of the 
Exeter River, which pursues a most 
circuitous route within its limits, and 
furnishes several good water power 
sites, which might be utilized to 
good advantage during a considerable 
portion of the year, and were so 
utilized in the early days, but have 
not been for some years past, the only 
manufacturing plant in town, of any 
importance, being operated by steam 
power. The surface, though some- 
what uneven is neither mountainous 
nor hilly, although some slight eleva- 



abandoned; nor has there been any 
considerable decline in the population 
of the town during any period of its 
history, and it is as large today as at 
any time in the past, though appar- 
ently over one hundred less in 1910 
than in 1900, on account of the inclu- 
sion of a large floating population, 
temporarily in town, when the census 
for the latter year was taken. 

The population of the town by the 
first Federal census, in 1790, was 493. 
In 1820 it had fallen to 453; in 1850 it 
was returned at 509; in 1880 it was 
623; in 1900 it was 749, and by the 
last census, in 1910, the showing was 
622, varying but one from the figure 
returned thirty years before, in 1880. 



164 



Th e Gra niie ^ to nthly 



There were seventy-eight heads of 
families in town in 1790, when the first 
Federal census was taken, the list, as 
returned, being as follows: 



Ezekiel Godfrey 
Abraham Sanborn 
Joshua Laying 
Steven Sleeper 
Richard Clefford 
Bilard D. Ijford 
Benjamin Cram 
David Weed 
Samuel Flanders 
Joseph Mugget 
Jeremiah Davis 
Joseph Brown 
Josiah R.oberson 
John Car 
Ephraim Brown 
John Roberson 
Thomas Chase 
Jeremiah Brown 
Samuel Fellows 



Ezekiel Roberson 
Nathaniel Davis 
Ezarel Smith 
Jabish Chun 
John R. Tefethern 
Joseph Cluff 
Phi nans Beedy 
Benjamin Davis 
Joseph Wolleymash 
Nathan Brown 
Daniel Brown 
Enoch Brown 
Doritty Hoit 
David Hoit 
Joshua Abbett 
William Wodley 
John Seribner 
Eph^ Abbot 
Jonathan Brown 



or Congress, however, which opened 
at Exeter April 21, the town had 
a delegate, in the person of Daniel 
Brown. In the second Congress, 
which opened on May 17, and con- 
tinued into November of the same 
year, Dr. Stephen Sleeper represented 
the town. This Congress readjusted 
the basis of representation, classing 
this town with Raymond, so that in 
the third and last Congress, which 
opened December 21. 1775, the two 
towns had a single delegate in the 
person of Judge John Dudley of Ray- 
mond. This last Congress, it may be 
noted, made provision for a new gov- 









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Eveter River and Road to Raymond 



Stephen Colbee 
Jonathan Brown 
Stephen Hobes 
Betsy Taylor 
Jonathan Robersoa 
Joshua Abbet ju 
Moses Levet 
Judah Davis 
Joel Holbs 
Thomas Beedy 
Caleb Burley 
Patience Sibley 
Eli Beedy 
Jonathan Beedy 
Joseph Collins 
Sherburne Sleeper 
Nathan Merrill 
Nathan Bachlor 
William Taylor 
David Litton 



James Merrill 
William Gri^ 
William Tas^ay 
David Sanborn 
Solomon Leavy 
Walter Hains 
Joshua Kimball 
Enoch Smith 
John Kimball 
Benjamin Cluff 
William Morrill 
Elishar Hook 
James Tucker 
Abraham Smith 
Josiah G oar ding 
Joab Cenerston 
Benjamin Bodq: 
Nicholas Gcarding 
Benoni Goarding 
A sac Wood 



Previous to the Revolution. Fre- 
mont or Poplin had no representation 
in the legislature, either independ- 
ently or classed with any other town. 
In the first Provincial Convention, 



ernment acknowledging no farther al- 
legiance to Great Britain, resolving 
itself into a House of Representatives 
and electing a Council of twelve mem- 
bers to act coordinately with itself as 
a legislature or General Court, the 
same going into effect January 8, 
1775. 

' This town .has furnished no Gov- 
ernor or member of the Executive 
Council, but three of its citizens have 
served in the State Senate since the 
adoption of the present Constitution 
—Ezekiel Godfrey in 1803-4, Perley 
Robinson in 1845-6 and Isaiah L. 
Robinson in 1867-9, the latter serving 
two terms. This Isaiah L. Robinson 



Fremont^ the Ancient Poplin 



105 



. 



Si \ *im 

■ . 



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Sand Hill, Fremont, N. H. 



was a prominent citizen and exten- 
sively engaged in business as a car- 
riage and harness manufacturer, and 
also conducted a general store. - He 
later removed to Nashua where he 
was also prominent in- business- life 
for some years previous to his death. 
Previous to 1810 this town had 
been classed with Raymond for the 
election of a member of the Legisla- 
ture, but after that year it had the 
privilege of electing its own repre- 
sentative, and has enjoyed the same 
continuously except for the Legisla- 



tures of 1S79 and 1881, when it was 
classed with Sandown. 

Following is the list of Representa- 
tives from the town in the Legislature 
from 1S11 to the present time: 

iSll— -Moses Hook. 
1&12— Moses Beede. 
1813— Moses Hook. 
1814— Moses Hook. 
1S15 — Moses Hook. 
1816— None. 

1817 — Ezekiel Robinson. 
1 SI 8— John Scribner. 
1S1 9— Isaiah Lane. 
1820— None. 




Exeter River at Sand Hill 



166 



The Granite Monthly 



1 i 



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i- ■•-....-.■ '. * 



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Main Street Looking West- Residence and Store of H. A. Cook 



1821- 

1S22- 
1823- 
1824- 
1S25- 
1826- 
1827- 
1828- 
1829- 
1830- 
1831- 
1832- 
3S33- 
1834- 
1835- 
1836- 
1837- 
1S3S- 
1839- 
1840- 
1841- 
1842- 
1843- 
XS44- 



-Xone. 

-John Scribner. 
-John Scribner. 
-Joseph Godfrey. 
-Joseph Godfrey. 
-Enoch Brown. 
-Enoch Brown. 
-Josiah Robinson. 
-Squire B. Hascall. 
-Squire B. Hascall. 
-Enoch Brown. 
-Daniel B. Chase. 
-Daniel B. Chase. 
-Jonathan Tuck. 
-Jonatlian Tuck. 
-Enoch Brown. 
-Enoch Brown. 
-Isaac Brown Jr. 
-Isaac Brown Jr. 
-Perley Robinson. 
-Perley Robinson. 
-Perley Robinson. 
-None. 
-None. 



1845— Elisha Scribner. 
1846— Eiisha Scribner. 
1847— Israel S. Tuck. 
1S4S— Israel S. Tuck. 
1849— None. 

1850 — Benjamin P. Webster. 
1851 — James Martin. 
1852 — Benjamin P. Webster. 
1853 — James Martin. 
1854 — Ezra Currier. 
1855 — Timothy Tilton. 
1856— Robert S. French. 
1857 — Horatio Beede. 
1858 — Ezra Currier. 
1859 — Gardner Sleeper. 
1860— Phineas Beede Jr. 
1861 — Joseph Sanborn. 
1862*— Benning S. Scribner. 
1863 — Isaiah L. Robinson. 
1864 — Isaiah L. Robinson. 
1865— Daniel- C. Hook. 
1866— Daniel C. Hook. 
1S67 — Benning S. Scribner. 
1S68 — Stephen G. Sleeper. 



El I 






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// 



Rocks Falls and Robinson's Mills 



Fremont, the Ancient Poplin 



167 



1869 — Stephen G. Sleeper. 
1S70 — David Sanborn. 
1871 — David Sanborn. 
1872— George F. Beede. 
1S73 — George F. Beede. 
1S74 — Alvah Sanborn. 
1875 — Alvah Sanborn. 
1876 — Sherburne Sanborn. 
1877 — Sherburhfe Sanborn. 
187S— Robert S. French. 
1S79 — George X. Hunt, Fremont and San- 
down. 
1SS1— Geo. N. Hunt, of Sandown. 
1SS3 — Wsrren True. 
1SS5— Joseph B. Wilbur. 
1SS7 — John L. Martin. 
18S9- -John L. Martin. 
1891— Phineas B. Beede. 
1S93— Lincoln F. Hook. 
1895 — Alden F. Sanborn. 
1897— Arthur T. Smith. 
1899— Harrison B. Ellis. 
1901 — Eugene D. Sanborn. 
1903— Andrew J. Brown. 
190.V- Charles E. Beede. 
1907 — James W. Wilkinson. 
1909— Henrv S. Cook. 
1911— John'H. Ellis. 
1913 — Arthur R. Whittier. 

As will be seen from the foregoing 
list, the Representative in the Legis- 
lature from this town in 1814 — one 
hundred years ago — was Moses Hook. 
At this time there were two Justices 
of the Peace in town — Joseph Godfrey 
and John Scribner. There was also 
a coroner in the person of Isaiah Lane, 
but no lawyer, and there appears to 
have been no member of the legal pro-. 
fession settled here at any time, or, 
at all events, not long enough to have 
made a record, nor was there any 
settled physician at that time, or any 
minister or church organization hold- 
ing regular services of public worship, 
although a spacious meeting house 
for religious as well as town meeting 
purposes had been erected by the town 
in 1800, which still stands, in a good 
state of preservation and presenting 
an imposing appearance. However 
desirous the people were of enjoying 
church privileges at close range (as 
% indicated in' their petition for a char- 
ter) they were unlike the inhabi- 
tants of most towns of the state in the 
early days, inasmuch as no church of 
the " Standing order'' (Congrega- 
tional) which was early set up in 



nearly every one of them, was estab- 
lished here. Speaking of this town, 
Rev. Robert F. Lawrence, in his "New 
Hampshire Churches," issued in 1856, 
says : 

"It has never enjoyed the benefits 
of an established ministry of any order. 
No Congregational Church ever ex- 
isted here, although it has not been 
wholly passed by in the ministration 



is 



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- 



Union Church, Built in 1865 

of the truth. More attention has 
been given to this town by the Metho- 
dist ministry than any other. With 
a house of worship and a- population 
of 500 souls, seme evangelical influ- 
ence seems very desirable to be 
brought into vigorous action for the 
moral and religious improvement of 
the people." 

In point of fact, there has been 
Methodist preaching in the town a 
considerable portion of the time dur- 
ing the last hundred years, and the 



168 



Th e Gra n ite Man th ly 



Free Will Baptist denomination has 
had its workers in the field, with regu- 
lar services at different times in that 
period; so that the people have by no 
means suffered from lack of religious 
teaching. A Union Church building 
was completed in the village in 1865, 
and preaching of some kind has been 
had most of the time since. A Con- 
gregational Church was organized 
here in 1908, under whose auspices 
public worship has since been held, 
though the pulpit is supplied at the 
present time by students from the 
Methodist theological school con- 
nected with Boston University. There 



are about sixty pupils in these schools, 
about equally divided between the 
two. Miss Addie Currier is the pres- 
ent teacher in the primary depart- 
ment and Mrs. Pauline Ellis in the 
grammar, both residents of the town. 
There are thirty-six weeks of schooling 
per year, in all the schools. Such 
scholars of the town as desire educa- 
tional advantages not furnished at 
home, are provided for outside, San- 
born Seminary at Kingston, six miles 
from Fremont village, being most 
generally patronized for this purpose. 
The only fraternal organization in 
town, at present, is Fremont Grange, 





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The "Twin" School Houses 



is also an organized Universalist soci- 
ety in town, having an interest in the 
church building, and generally holding 
services a few Sundays in the summer 
of each year. 



The present town officers include: 
Selectmen. Eugene D. Sanborn, Er- 
nest F. Beede, Frank H. Lyford; 
Town Clerk, Henry A. Cook; Treas- 
urer, William H. Gibson; Collector, 
Joseph B. Wilbur; Board of Educa- 
tion, James E. Taylor, Fred J. Clem- 
ent, Alden F. Sanborn. 

There are five schools in town, two 
of them in the village — a primary and 
a grammar school — kept in two houses 
on the same lot and generally known 
as the "twin" school houses. There 



Xo. ISO, Patrons of Husbandry, or- 
ganized March 21, 1892, whose mem- 
bership, as given, in the last roster of 
the State Grange, numbers eighty- 
three. Mrs. May C. Sanborn is the 
present Master, Mrs. Luna A. San- 
born. Lecturer, and Mrs. Erne L. 
Hooke, Secretary. 

The meetings of the Grange are 
held in the Town Hall, a fine new, well- 
appointed and well-equipped building, 
admirably adapted to this and all 
other purposes for which a village hall 
as well as a general town meeting 
house is required. Few towns of the 
size of Freemont, in fact, are as well 
provided for in this respect. This 
structure was erected by the town, 
following the disastrous fire of May 



Fremont, the Ancient Poplin 



169 



25, 1910, which destroyed Ball's Hall, 
wherein not only the meetings of the 
Grange, but all public meetings and 
entertainments had previously been 
held, together with another large 
block, and several other buildings, 
including stores, post offices, resi- 
dences and other buildings, it being 
the most destructive fire known in 
the history of the town, 

Fremont village includes about 
seventy-five dwellings — among them 
a number of handsome ones- — scat- 
tered over quite an extent of territory. 



residents. The railroad station is 
about a mile from the center of the 
village, a public conveyance meeting 
all trains, for the accommodation of 
those desiring transportation either 
way. 



Spaulding & Fhost Co. 

Closely adjacent to the village, or 
practically within its limits, is located 
the principal and practically the only 
manufacturing establishment in town, 
and what is really one of the most ex- 






' 



New Town Hall — Fremont 



together with the Town Hall, church 
and schoolhouses mentioned. There 
are also three stores, in one of which 
is the post office, a market, black- 
smith's shop, livery, etc. A public 
library (Mrs. John Frost, librarian), 
is housed in a conveniently located 
building expressly designed and well 
adapted for its use. 

For a long series of years, up to 
1906, when occurred the death of 
Warren True, the last landlord, there 
was a good hotel in town, but since 
then there has been no public house 
here, although travelers desiring en- 
tertainment are cared for by different 



tensive industrial concerns in Rock- 
ingham County, it being the large 
cooperage plant of the Spaulding & 
Frost Company. This establishment- 
was founded by Jonas Spaulding of 
Townsend, Mass., about forty-one 
years ago. Air. Spaulding was oper- 
ating a leather-board manufactory 
as well as a cooperage establishment 
at Townsend Harbor. His original 
purpose, in commencing operations in 
Fremont, was the production of stock 
for use at the Townsend factory, this 
being in the midst of a large pine- 
growing section. He soon found, 
however, that the economical course 



.1 




a 




12. 



Fremont , the Ancient Poplin 



171 



of procedure was to complete the 
manufacture on the ground, and the 
result was the upbuilding and devel- 
opment of this, the most extensive 
plant of the kind in the state, if not 
in New England. The building and 
yards of this concern occupy a dozen 
acres of land, a considerable portion 
thereof being occupied by t he immense 
piles of pine logs drawn in for con- 
sumption in its work, about 2.500.000 
feet, with the oak required in the 
completion of the product, being con- 



dent, R. H. Spaulding; Clerk and 
Treasurer, S. A. Frost, The first 
three names will be recognized by 
those familiar with the business world 
as those of the three sons of the late 
Jonas Spaulding, founder of this con- 
cern, who constitute the present 
membership of the J. Spaulding & 
Sons Co., extensive leatherboard 
manufacturers, with Mills at North 
Rochester, or Hayes, and Milton in 
this State, at Townsend Harbor, Mass* 
(the original establishment), and a 













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Residence of Stephen A, Frost. 



sumed annually. A large amount 
of lumber is also turned out here. 

The cooperage product, which is 
all first-class, goes to packers all over 
the country, from Maine to Califor- 
nia, for use in putting up fish, pickles, 
molasses, glue, lard, tripe and various 
lines of provisions. The annual out- 
put of the establishment amounts to 
about S2.50.000, and the pay roll is, 
naturally, the most prominent factor 
in the town's prosr^erity. 

The officers of the Company, as at 
present constituted are: President, 
•L. C. Spaulding; First Vice-president, 
H. N. Spaulding; Second Yice-presi- 



large new factory, recently completed, 
at Tonawanda, N. Y. Mr. L. C. 
Spaulding is located at Tonawanda, 
N. Y. II. N. has his home in Boston, 
while R. (Rolland) H. is at Rochester,. 
The name of the latter is becoming 
quite a familiar one in New Hamp- 
shire political circles, and through his 
visits to Fremont, in connection with 
the business of the Spaulding & Frost 
Co., he has come to be well and favor- 
ably known to the citizens of the town, 
who, being largely Republicans, are 
counting upon giving him substantial 
support in the coming gubernatorial 
canvass. 



172 



The Granite Monthly 



PERSONAL SKETCHES 

Stephen A. Frost 
As clerk, treasurer and general 
manager of its one great industry, 
practically in full control of the busi- 
ness. Stephen A. Frost naturally 
stands in the front rank among the 
leading citizens of the town of Fre- 
mont, regardless of the fact that lie 
has never entered into the activities 
of political life, seeking rather the 
success of the business which he has 
so greatly aided in building up, than 
the public position which might come 
through active participation in politi- 
cal and party affairs. 

Air. Frost was born in Halifax, 
N. Si.-, January 15, 1S62. a son of 
John Lewis and Mary Ann (Winters) 
Frost, but came to this country, with 
his parents, in childhood, the family 
residing in different towns in Massa- 
chusetts. He was the third son and 
the fifth of nine children born to his 
parents, several of whom died young. 
He gained his education in the public 
schools of South Natiek and Shirley 
Village, Mass., and in early life com- 
menced work in the leather-board 
factory of Hill & Cutler at Shirley, 
going, later, into the employ of Jonas 
Spaulding, previously mentioned, at 
Townsend Harbor, where he contin- 
ued until he came to Fremont, into 
the cooperage establishment which 
Mr. Spaulding had founded, where 
his energy and capacity were required 
in the development of the business, 
and where he has since remained, ex- 
cept for six years in Gloucester, Mass., 
from 1899 to 1893, where he was as- 
sociated with Mr. Spaulding in a 
large cooperage enterprise, which 
was disposed of in the latter year, 
when the Fremont concern was re- 
organized and incorporated as the 
Spaulding & Frost Company with 
Mr. Frost at the helm as manager, 
and since continuing. 

While preeminently a business man 
and eschewing political preferment, 
Air. Frost is a public-spirited citizen 
and alive to everything calculated 



to advance the welfare of the town, 
which he has served as Auditor, as a 
member of the school board, library 
trustee, and as a liberal contributor 
to every good cause, not the least of 
which is the movement for the Anni- 
versary celebration now about reach- 
ing its culmination. He is a Kepub- 
lican in politics, a Universalist in re- 
ligion, an Odd Fellow and a member 
of the Grange. June 13, 1885, he 
married Catherine G. Fertig, a native 
of Cleveland, 0., a woman of strong 
intelligence, who has been a faithful 
helpmate and a leading spirit in 
the social and charitable activities 
of the community. They have had 
four daughters — Agnes Mary, Lillian 
Emma, Lizzie J. and Marion, the 
first and last being deceased. 



William H. Gibson. 

While Fremont is overwhelmingly 
Ptepublican in politics, there having 
been but thirty Democratic votes 
cast for Governor in town at the 
last election, those who continue 



the latter faith are, 



m 

naturally be 
relied upon. 



as 



would 



expected, always to be 
Prominent among them, 



Fremont , $6 Aticz*e?i^ Poplin 



173 



V "^ 



The Old Hotel — Home of Mrs. Warren True and William H. Gibson 

and a veteran of many political 
battles, is William H. Gibson, now 
hearty and vigorous at the age of 
nearly eighty-five years, having been 
born in Fremont, August 1, 1829. 

Mr. Gibson is a first class musician 
and has devoted himself largely 
through life to that profession, having 
been a band leader many years in 
his own and other towns. He served 
in the band of the Fifth New Hamp- 
shire Regiment in the Civil War. 
Although a member of the minority 
party, he is held in such high esteem 
by his townsmen that he has served 
them as supervisor and town clerk 
and has been treasurer of the town 
for twenty years, still holding the 
office. As e\ idence of, and reward for, 
faithful service to his party may be 
cited the fact that he served as post- 
master for his town under both 
administrations of President Cleve- 
land. 

Mr. Gibson comes of an old family 
in town, hib grandfather, Samuel Gib- 
son, having operated a grist mill and 
woolen mill on the privilege at the 
upper end of the village more than a 
hundred years ago, which his father, 
Samuel, Jr., also continued for a time.- 




Warren True 

Warren True, Fremont's last hotel 
keeper, and many years in the busi- 
ness, came to town from Raymond 
about 1S72 and conducted the hotel 
until his death in April, 1906. He 
had lived in Raymond some time be- 
fore his removal to Fremont, but 
was born at St. Joseph, Mich., in 
1837. He served in Company G, 



174 



The Granite Monthly 



Second Regiment, U 



(Berd aii's 



Sharpshooters), in the Civil War, 
enlisting from Raymond in September 
1861. He was active in public and 
political affairs, as a Republican; was 
a deputy sheriff for many years, .sev- 
eral times chosen as a selectman, and 
represented the town hi the legisla- 
ture in 1883. 

Mr. True married, in 1854, Wealthy 
A. Keniston, daughter of Joseph and 
Sarah (Kurd) Keniston, a native of 
Effingham, who survives him with- 
out children. She has retained her 
home, since her husband's death, in the 
old place so long occupied as a hotel 
and one of the village landmarks. 



Mr. Beede was prominent for many 
years in public affairs, being superin- 
tendent of schools for ten years, select- 
man for an equal period, and chairman 
of the board for eight years, and a 
member of the Legislature and chair- 
man of the Committee on Agriculture 
in 1872. He was best known, however, 
as an active member and officer of 
the N. II. Horticultural Society, and 
as a speaker on horticultural topics 
at Farmers' Institutes. 

He married, May 20, 1863, Ruth 
P.. daughter of John and Sarah 
Nichols of Winslow, Ale. They had 
eight children — William B., now of 
Concord; Annie E., and Lewis A., at 






^ -' * 



" 



Home of the Late George F. Beede 



George F. Beede 

Few names are better known among 
horticulturists in New Hampshire 
than that of George F. Beede, who 
was a leading citizen of Fremont, a 
prominent farmer and horticulturist, 
living on Beede Kill, on the farm 
settled by his ancestor, Jonathan 
Beede, in 1760. 

He was a son of Daniel and Ann E. 
(Folsom) Beede, born January 5, 
1838. His father was an active mem- 
ber and preacher of the Society of 
Friends, or Quakers, and in youth 
George F. attended the Friends' 
school at Providence R. I., and Oak 
Grove Seminary, at Vassalboro, Me. 



home; George E., at West Epping; 
Mary Alice at home (bookkeeper for 
Spaulding & Frost Co.); Augustine, 
deceased; Charles C, at Jamestown, 
CaL; Abbie S. Grohl, of Kingston, 
Col., and John D., of Somerville, 
Mass. 

Mr. Beede died February 8, the 
present year, his wife having passed 
away December 11, 1907. 

Hon. John P. Sanborn 
Probably the most distinguished 
native of Fremont, who has gone out 
from the town, and pursued his career 
in another state, is Hon. John Page 
Sanborn, whose home is in Newport, 



Fremont, the Ancient Poplin 



175- 



R. I., and who has been a leading 
citizen of that state for many years. 
He is the eldest son of Alvah and 
Nancy (Page) Sanborn, born on the 
old Sanborn homestead in Fremont, 
September 9, 1844. He was educated 
at New Hampton Institution and 
Dartmouth College, graduating from 
the latter in 1869. Following grad- 
uation he was engaged in teaching for 



paper in the country. Connected 
with the paper is a large printing and 
publishing establishment. 

He has been active it) politics as 
a leader of the Republican party, 
serving as a Representative in the 
legislature from 1S79 to 1882, the 
last two years as Speaker. In 1885 
and 1886 he was a member of the 
State Senate, and again in 18S9 and 



■ ■.__.■_-. 



..-.Lift 



Hon. John P. Sanborn 



two years-, first as principal of the 
Toledo, 0., high school, and later at 
Topsham, Me. In 1871 he was edi- 
tor of the Newport, R. L, Daily News, 
and in November of the following 
year became editor and proprietor of 
the Newport Mercury, which he has 
since conducted with eminent success, 
making it one of the ablest and most 
influential journals in the state. This 
paper, it may be noted, claims the 
distinction of being the oldest news- 



for several successive years, serving, 
also, as President of that body. He 
was a delegate from Rhode Island in 
the Republican National Conventions, 
of 1880 and 1884. He served on the 
Northern Pacific Railway Commis- 
sion, under Federal appointment, in 
1882, and was a member of the Rhode 
Island Commission for the Columbian 
Exposition at Chicago in 1893. Fie 
was also a member of the Executive 
Committee having in charge the 



176 



The Granite Monthly 



celebration of the centennial of Com- 
modore Perry's Lake Erie victory, in 
1913, and especially active in the 
promotion of the enterprise. He has 
been active also in local affairs, 
serving many years on the school 
board, and as president and trustee 
of numerous corporations. He holds 
high rank- in Masonry, having been 
Grand High Priest 'of the Grand 
Lodge and Eminent Grand Com- 
mander of the Knights Templar. 

April 7, 1870, Mr. Sanborn married 
Isabella M. Higbee, daughter of the 
late John H. Higbee, once a prom- 
inent merchant of the town of New- 
port in this state. They have had 
four children of whom three are now 
living. 

















■-■«» 


/ 




4"W/ 






'IlJ^ 


> 31 

1 



. .h.":jH'u&nS 



u 



Alden F. Sanborn 

From long service as a member of 
the State Board of Agriculture and 
prominence in the order of Patrons 
of Husbandry, Alden F. Sanborn is 
better known in agricultural circles, 
throughout the state, than any other 
resident of Fremont. He is a son 
of the late Alvnh and Nancy (Page) 
Sanborn, born August 20, 185,5. He 
was educated at the New Hampton 



Institution, graduating in the class of 
1877, and has always resided on the 
old homestead owned in the family 
more than 150 years, which, with out- 
lands, includes some GOO acres, where 
he has pursued mixed farming. 

Mr. Sanborn has served as a mem- 
ber of the board of education and 
superintendent of schools for many 
years, has been ten years chairman 
of the board of selectmen, and repre- 
sented the town in the legislature in 
1895. He was appointed a member 
of the State Board of Agriculture in 
December, 1902, serving continu- 
ously until the abolition of the board 
last September, through the action 
of the last legislature. He is a Re- 
publican, a Baptist and an active 
member of Fremont Grange, of which 
he has been Master. June 26, 1882, 
he married Luna A. Gove of Raymond. 
They have two sons — M. Hermon of 
Deerfield, and Edson D., at home — ■ 
both graduates of the New Hamp- 
shire State College. 

Eugene D. Sanborn 
Eugene D. Sanborn, or E. Dana as 
his name more frequently appears, 
is the younger brother of John P., and 
Alden F. Sanborn, heretofore men- 
tioned. He was born September 16, 
1868, and educated at the public 
schools, New Hampton Institution 
and Gushing Academy, Ashburnham, 
Mass. He is the proprietor of a fine 
farm of 200 acres, not far from the old 
home and a mile and a half from the 
village, and pursues dairying as a 
specialty. - He has been much in 
public service, having been town 
clerk for nine years, selectman eight- 
years and chairman of the board 
holding the position at the present 
time; represented his town in the 
legislature of 1901, when he was a 
member of the Committee on Agri- 
cultural college, and has since served 
several terms as a messenger of the 
House, and as warden of the coat room 
during the last Constitutional Con- 
vention. He took the census of the 
town in 1890 and again in 1900. 



Fremont, the Ancient Poplin 



177 



■ 



A 



la M 






J U 

' i i 



Residence of Eugene D. Sanborn 



He 
salist, 
is an 



is a Republican and a Univer- 

being clerk of the latter Society; 

active member of Fremont 



_. - ■ 



Eugene D. Sanborn 

and West Rockingham Pomona 
Granges, having been Master of the 
latter, and also Master of Gideon 
Lodge, A. F. and A. M., of Kingston. 
He married May L. Currier, Decem- 
ber 12, 1893. They have one son, 
Curtice Sherburne, born March 16. 
1-901. 



The 



Frank H. Lyford 
third member of the board 



of selectmen in Fremont, and a Demo- 
crat, notwithstanding the strong pre- 
ponderance of Republican voters, is 
Frank H. Lyford, who was born in 
the northeast part of the town, 
November 10, 1867, son of John F. 
and 'Elsina (Carr) Lyford. He was 
educated in the district school and 
Watson Academy, Epping. He was 



■•»•, ^*.~-."x -..•...■ 



Frank H. Lyford 



ITS 



The Granite Monthly 



for eighteen years engaged as a box- 
maker in Exeter, returning to Fre- 
mont in the summer of 1911, where 
he has since been engaged in farming 
on the Carr farm — his mother's old 
home, which is also near Iris birthplace. 
Pie has served two years on the 
Board of Health, and was chosen 
third selectman at the last election. 
Mr. Lyford has been twice married: 
in 1S94 to Mary F. Doe, of Epping, 
who died in 1910, leaving two children 
— Willis Carr, at work in Exeter, and 
a daughter, Agnes Elsina, now seven 
years of age, at Home. January 1, 
1913 he married Eva M. Wilson of 
Derrv. 




Ernest S. Beede 

Ernest Sumner Beede, second mem- 
ber of the Fremont board of select- 
men, whose standing in the confidence 
and esteem of his fellow citizens is 
shown by the fact that he had been 
four times elected to the office, is a 
native of the town; a son of Phineas 
and Nettie (Cass) Beede, born No- 
vember 15, 1868. He married Miss 
Alice Towle of Chester and they have 
four children living — Phineas Leon, 
Carl W., E. Abbott, and Marjorie B. 




Joseph B. Wilbur 

•Joseph B. Wilbur, a substantial 
farmer and carpenter, and present 
collector of taxes for the town, which 
position he has held eight years alto- 
gether, is a native of East Kingston, 
born May 5, 1838. His father was 
the late Rev. Warren Wilbur, a well 
known Methodist clergyman of his 
day. He was educated in the com- 
mon schools, and has been a resident 
of Fremont for the last fifty years 
or more, having served, also, several 
years as a selectman, and as Repre- 
sentative in the legislature in 1885. 
He was a Charter member of Fremont 
Grange, but has lately withdrawn. 
He has been twice married — first with 
Miss Harriet Brown of Sandown, 
and after her death uniting, October 
22, 1865, with Miss Sarah E. Brown 
of Fremont. They have two chil- 
dren — a son and daughter. The son 
Herbert B., who is a rural letter car- 
rier, is married and lives on the home 
place, with his parents. The daughter 
Nellie J., is the wife of Burton L. 
Smith of Brentwood. They have 
three sons, two of them graduates of 
Sanborn Seminary and the other now 
attending that institution. 



Fremont, the Ancient Poplin 



179 



I 






Residence of Horace G. and Arthur R. Whittier 



Arthuk R. Whittier 
The representative from the town 
of Fremont in the present state legis- 
lature and a member of the state 



Arthur R. Whittier 



hospital committee, who occupies, 
jointly with his father and mother, 
one of the most attractive residences 
in the village, is Arthur R. Whittier, 
who removed here from Raymond a 



few years since. He was born in 
that town February 22, 1866, a son 
of Horace G. Whittier; was educated 
there, and had served as a selectman 
in Raymond before his removal to 
Fremont. He is a farmer by occu- 
pation and a member of Fremont 
Grange. He is a Republican, a Uni- 
versalist. and a member of Juniata 
Lodge, I. O. 0. F. of Raymond. Mr. 
Whittier has been twice married, his 
present wife having been Miss Flor- 
ence A. Gillingham. 

Jonathan A. Robinson 
No man was -more prominent in the 
business and industrial life of the 
town during a long period of years in 
the middle of the last century and 
later, than Jonathan A. Robinson, a 
native of Fremont, born May 20, 1821, 
a son of Josiah and Betsey (Lane) 
Robinson, and who married Celestia 
W. James of Kingston, in 1843. 

For nearly sixty years Mr. Robin- 
son was actively engaged in manufac- 
^ turing, his establishment being lo- 
cated on the " upper dam/' just above 
the village, which power, now unused, 
is owned by the Spaulding & Frost 
Company. Here he produced large 
quantities of hubs and spokes for the 
California market. He was of an 
inventive nature and machinery was 



1 



180 



The Granite Month! u 



Jonathan A. Robinson 

his delight. In these days, when indi- 
vidual enterprise was depended upon 
rather than corporate capital, to pro- 
mote industrial prosperity, such men 
as he were towers of strength in the 
community. 

Mr. Robinson was a follower of the 
Methodist faith., a constant attendant, 
and great worker in the church. He 
was a man of excellent habits, always 
having lived the simple outdoor life, 
and enjoying almost perfect health 
until a few week? before his death, 
which occurred January 25, 1908. 
A daughter, Mrs. Horace G. Whittier, 
survives. Another daughter, Philena 
A., died in 1865, at the age of nineteen 
years. 

Joseph B. Sanborn 
Fremont furnished more than fifty 
men for the Union service in the Civil 
War, none braver and more faithfuL 
than Joseph B. Sanborn, a native of 
the town, born August 26, 1842, who 
served as corporal and color-bearer in 
Company K., eleventh Xew Hamp- 
shire Regiment, being the only mem- 
ber of the guard who came home with 
the colors. He was twice wounded 



in the service, at Spottsylvania and 
Bethesda Church. 

After his return home he was for 
many years engaged in farming, but 
retired from the same some time ago, 
and lias his home in the village where 
he has attended to pension and pro- 
bate business, conveyancing, etc., in 
which capacity he has been a most 
useful factor in the community life. 

He was the first commander of 
Joe Hooker Post, Xo. 51, G. A. R., 
organized in this town, but now re- 
moved to Raymond, and has held 
various Post and Department offices 
in the order. He is a Universalist, 
was a member of the Grange for 
many years, and is in politics a life- 
long Republican, having cast his 
first vote for Lincoln in the field, near 
Petersburg, in November, 1864, and 
voted for every party candidate 
since. He has been tax collector, 
supervisor and selectman, and, was 
the delegate from Fremont in the last 
Constitutional Convention. He was 
also the town's postmaster under the 
administration of President Benjamin 
Harrison. He has been a Justice of 






Joseph B. Sanborn 



Fremont, the Ancient Poplin 



181 





■ 


...* . 


A 

■ 




. • 


1 i i 


| 




^fe ^<-;><£>S- ^ : !■■„ 







Residence of Dr. E. W. Lowe 



the Peace for 42 years and a Notary 
Public 20 years. He is the oldest 
Justice in town. He is married and 
has two daughters. 

Dr. Ernest AY. Lowe 
If Fremont has no lawyer and no 
settled minister, it is not without the 
presence of a skilled and successful 
physician. Dr. Ernest W. Lowe, a 
native of Nashua, son of Alonzo 
L. and Calista (Whittier) Lowe, born 
January 6, 1875, a graduate of the 
Nashua High. School and the Balti- 
more Medical College, class of 1898. 
and a student with Dr. A. S. Wallace, 
of Nashua, located here in 1899, and 
has since remained, establishing a 
wide and constantly increasing prac- 
tice, extending far into the surround- 
ing region, as his reputation for skill 
and success, based upon constant 
study and investigation increases 
from year to year. Dr. Lowe is a 
thorough student, keeping abreast 
with the progress of modern medical 
science in all its branches. His 
office is equipped with all the most 
improved appliances, and his success 
in surgery is no less marked than in 
medicine. 

Since residing in town he has been 
constantly a member of the Board of 



1 



Dr. E. W. Lowe 



Health, and three years on the school 
board. He was also a member of 
the building committee for the new 
town hall. He is a member of the 
Rockingham, New Hampshire and 
American Medical Societies and of 
the New Hampshire Surgical Society. 
September 10, 1913, he married Miss 
Gertrude F. Fellows of Brentwood. 



182 



The Granite Monthly 



:v^ 



WlLCOMB H. B ENFIELD 

Among the leading citizens of the 
town, in point of industry, persevering 
effort, and genuine public spirit, is 
Wilconib H. Benfield, born at the old 
homestead near his present residence, 
December 15, .1866, son of Jeremiah 
and Mary J. (Wilcomb) Benfield. 
He was educated at the public schools 
and New Hampton Institution, and 
for more than twenty years has been 
engaged, in the service of the Spauld- 
ing <fc Frost Company, whose business 



m 



V* ! 






■ 




Wilcomb II. Benfield 

has been heretofore portrayed. He 
has held various town offices, and is 
at present town auditor, library 
trustee and sealer of weights and 
measures. By industry and thrift 
he has become the owner of a goodly 
amount of real estate, having himself 
erected several of the buildings now 
in his possession. . He is a Republican, 
a Universalis!, and a member of 
Juniata Lodge No. 47, I. 0. 0. F., of 
Raymond. 

November 21, 1891, Mr. Benfield 
was united in marriage with Miss 
Cora M., daughter of Jonathan 
Libby of Dexter, Me., who has been 



Fremont, the Ancient Poplin 



183 



a true helpmeet. They have three 
daughters — Elvira L., Frances A. 
and Marion M. 

Hexry A. Cook 
The present town clerk of Fremont, 
who lias filled the office for the last ten 
years, and for thirteen vears in all. is 



A 



Henry A. Cook 

Henry A. Cook, who has been a gen- 
eral merchant here, for nineteen years 
past, having been burned out at the 
time of the big fire, previously men- 
tioned, and erected a fine new resi- 
dence, and a store near by, following 
the disaster. 

Mr. Cook is a native of Lunenbuig, 
Mass., born May 26, 1857, and was 
educated in the schools of that town. 
He came to Fremont in 1878, and was 
employed at the Spa aiding factory 
in this town, until he went into trade, 
with the exception of three years' 
service in the Gloucester factory. He 
served several years as a member of 
the board of education, and repre- 
sented the town in the legislature of 
1909. He is a member of Fremont 
Orange, Patrons of Husbandry and is 
an Odd Fellow with membership in 



the encampment as well as as the 
Rebekah Lodge. Politically he is a 
Republican. 

Sir. Cook married, June IS, 1878, 
Miss Emma M. Daniels. They have 
three children — a daughter and two 
sons. The daughter Lena, is the wife 
of Harry F. True, who is now in 
partnership with Mr. Cook, and re- 
sides near by. The eldest son, George 
H., is train dispatcher for the Boston 
and Maine Railroad, at Nashua. The 
youngest son, Albert S., is a student 
at Sanborn Seminary, where the other 
children were also educated. 

Clarence B. Hill 
Of the two proprietors of general 
merchandise stores in Fremont at 
the present time, the younger is 
Clarence B. Hill, who came here from 
Deerfield and has been in trade at 
the old stand, once occupied by Isaiah 
L. Robinson, and later by different 
firms, since October, 1907. 

Mr. Hill was born in Deerfield, 



i 



M 



Clarence B. Hill 

March 12, 1S82, and was educated in 
the schools of that town. Since 
locating; here he has insured for him- 



iO' 



The Granite Monthly 



self a fine run of trade, and has gained 
public confidence in good measure, 
having been elected supervisor and 
a member of the board of library 
trustees. Pie is a member of Fre- 
mont Grange. 

August 25, 1908, he was united in 
marriage with Miss Lena F. Robinson 
of Deerfield. 



James B. Martin, residing on the old 
Martin homestead in the northeast 
part of the town near the Epping line, 
which farm has been in the family 
111 years. 

Mr. Martin is the son of John L. 
and Emeline H. (White) Martin, 
born July 28, 1851. His father was 
a prominent citizen, representing the 



J; 



The Old Martin Homestead 



James B. Martin 
One of the best known and most 
enterprising citizens of Fremont,, is 




James 1). Martin 



town in the legislature in 1887 and 
1889, as did his grandfather, James 
Martin, in 1851 and 1853. He was 
educated in the public schools and at 
Coe's Academy, Northwood, and sub- 
sequently taught school for four years. 
Later he engaged in shoe manufactur- 
ing; was foreman in a shoe factory in 
Epping several years, and subse- 
quent ly in business for himself twelve 
years in Haverhill, Mass., retiring 
and returning to the old farm in 1899. 
He has been a member of the town 
school board eleven years and super- 
intendent most of the time. He has 
also served three years as selectman, 
and as chairman of the board three 
years. 

He has been twice married — first 
to Mary Alice, daughter of Rev. A. 
Lunt, a Methodist clergyman, who 
died April 7, 1896; second, February 
15, 1898, to Mary E. Higgins of Mus- 
quodobit, N. S. He has two children 
by his first wife, Fred L., now in 
Melrose, Mass., and Edith, in Haver- 
hill. 



Fremont, the Ancient Poplin 



185 





' 




f 


"** ? 




■' f 


.<*■ 




A 


\ 




.i. 






- '• \ 


i 




L_i_ — , . — — — 


:. S ••'. ,..,.-.. 


' 




James W. Wilkinson 



Mrs. J. W. Wilkinson 



The resident of Fremont who is 
known to more people in this state 
than any other, and who can call 
more New Hampshire men by their 
names, is James W. Wilkinson, who, 
during the last dozen years or more, 
has gone into almost every town and 
hamlet in the state in the interest of 
the Manchester Mirror, published 
by the John 13. Clarke Company, 
and has also travelled for some time 
for the New England Farmer, thus 
forming a large and enjoyable ac- 
quaintance throughout the state. 

Mr. Wilkinson was born in Kings- 
ton, May 23, 1349, son of James N. 
and Lydia (Goodrich) Wilkinson, 
but came to Fremont m 1854, where 
he has since had his home. From 
1879 to 1881, inclusive, he was asso- 
ciated with the late Jonathan A. 
Robinson in the spoke and wheel 
manufacturing ■ business. For two 
years subsequently he was with the 
late Perley C. Robinson in the grocery 
trade, and later conducted the busi- 
ness alone till 1891, when he sold out 
and became a commercial traveller 
being engaged the greater portion of 
the time as above stated. He is a 



member of Fremont Grange, and 
Past Noble Grand of the Juniata 
Lodge, I. 0. O. F. of Raymond, and 
has taken all the Grand Lodge and 
Encampment degrees in that order. 
He is a "Republican in politics and 
served his town as Representative in 
1907, being a member of the Com- 
mittee on Retrenchment and Reform 
and taking an active part in its work. 
May 5, 1873, he married Miss Annette, 
daughter of Joseph and Sarah (Morse) 
Abbott. Airs. Wilkinson is a member 
of Alfaratta Rebekah Lodge, I.O.O.F., 
of Raymond, and a charter member 
of Fremont Grange. They have no 
children. 

Charles E. Beede 
Fremont's present postmaster, who 
conducts a dry goods and variety 
store in connection with the post- 
office, but is principally engaged in 
the management of one of the best 
farms in town, which he owns, and on 
which he lives, in the "Beede Hill" 
section, is Mr. Charles E. Beede, a 
son of Phineas B. and Ann R. (Leavitt) 
Beede, born May 10, 1861. He was 
educated in the public schools and 



XS6 



The Granite Monthly 



Mil 



' »•• 



Residence of Charles E. Beede 



has spent his life in the town, engaged 
in fanning and trade. He has 
served the town as supervisor, road 
agent, library trustee and as a repre- 
sentative in the legislature of 1905, 
when he served as a member of the 
committee on agriculture. He has 
been postmaster for the last six years. 



He is an Odd Fellow, and was formerly 
a member of the Grange. 

In October, 1884, he married Miss 
Lula M. Sanborn, They have six 
children— four daughters and two 
sons, of whom three daughters are 
married; while two sons and a daugh- 
ter remain at home. 



"LABOR OMNIA VINCIT" 

Hymn for High School Graduation 

By A. Judson Rich 
Live for ideals bright — 
Truth, service, love and right, 

Thy soul aflame : 
Go forth in wisdom still, 
Thy mission to fulfil, 
Obedient to God's will, — ■ 

In His dear name. 

Make righteousness thy goal, 
Valiant and brave thy soul 

To meet life ? s foes : 
Live for humanity, 
The ages yet to be, 
The Truth that maketh free, 

Till life shall close. 



To thy best thought be true, 
The perfect way pursue, 

Our Master trod : 
God's kingdom is within, 



The White-Capped Scout 



IS" 



Labor dot!) all tilings win. 
Failing, thine own the sin, — 
Thy helper God. 

Thy life be consecrate 
To manhood and the state 

For ever more : 
Thy voice be heard for peace, 
For war's alarm surcease, 
For righteous rule increase, 

God to adore. 

Christ 's law of love be thine, 
Thy life a school divine; 

Held in sweet thrall: 
Thy God and Father, guide, 
Be ever near thy side ; 
To Him thy soul confide 

Who blesseth all ! 



THE WHITE-CAPPED SCOUT 

By Lena E. Bliss 

Time — July. Scene — Special. car chartered by C. E. E. 's. Characters — A maid, a man, 
and others. "Others'' — are minor characters. Costumes — White dresses, black suits, 
adorned with red, yellow, and white badges. Each badge contains name of some state with 
picture of state seal. Car presents a scene of jolly confusion, trappings and lunch baskets 
scattered about in various directions. Plot — A country girl from New Hampshire starts 
out aloue to attend the Christian Endeavor Convention at Montreal, and meets with 
adventures. 



She was, withal, a demure little 
maiden ; yet flashes of merriment 
gleamed beneath the dark lashes, 
while the mouth that curved now and 
then with a smile could be firm and 
resolute when occasion demanded, so 
that mother had no fear when she 
fastened the little gray coat about the 
clinging figure, and gave a farewell 
look into the deep, earnest eyes. 
There had been much discussion when 
Margaret Dawson was chosen delegate 
to this convention. "She is much too 
young, ' ' was the general verdict of the 
elders. "Young or not, she will do 
better than Susan Lee," had settled 
the question, and Margaret Dawson, 
to her infinite satisfaction, found her- 
self on the way. 

In the first place she got into the 
wrong ear, the one devoted to a 



Southern delegation. Did it trouble 
her? Nof a bit. North or South, 
they were Endeavorers and that was 
all that was required. She was soon 
in a lively conversation with these 
Southern girls. They exchanged 
lunches and were enjoying themselves 
to the utmost, when the New Hamp- 
shire State Secretary broke in upon 
their musings. "Halloo, New Hamp- 
shire, what are you in here for? 
Come with me where you belong." 
"Oh, but I've just got acquainted with 
the loveliest girls. " " "Well, there are 
more lovely girls to get acquainted 
with in the 'car ahead," so adieu to 
the Southern girls. 

"What a jolly time they had as the 
car sped Northward, telling stories, 
singing songs, cracking jokes, and 
everything else that tended to good 



188 



The Granite Monthly 



wholesome fun. while now and then 
one "snapped" with his camera some 
of the splendid views in that vast 
North country of rugged hills, tower- 
ing mountains and foaming cascades. 

One hundred miles this side of 
Montreal, the White-Capped Scouts 
boarded the train. They were hailed 
with cheers and. when the noise" sub- 
sided, one of them stepped forward 
and made a little speech, explaining 
that it was the mission of the scouts 
to furnish information to the travelers 
and render them any unpaid services 
they might ask. A little later one 
came to Margaret and politely asked 
if he could render assistance. She 
showed him her assignment billet. 
"It is outside the city limits," he said. 
"You 8 re destined to Cote St. 
Antoine. It will be after nightfall 
when we arrive. You had better take 
a cab." 

The train was later in arriving even 
than he had thought, and the sudden 
discovery of finding herself alone in 
that vast crowd that thronged the 
station might have made a stouter 
heart than Margaret's sink. There 
was a homesick lump in her. throat, a 
strange buzzing sound in her ears, 
while the voices of the cabmen 
sounded far off and indistinct. For 
the first time in her life Margaret 
Dawson "lost her head." It took a 
brisk walk around -the station to re- 
cover it. and then she approached a 
White-Capped Scout to ask for help. 

This "White-Cap," was about her 
own age, interesting, interested and 
sympathetic. "Why not take a cable 
car ? ' ' he said. ' ' It will cost less, and 
will leave you directly at the door, 
and you will get there just as quickly. 
I will walk across the square with you. 
W r ith a sigh of relief, Margaret ac- 
cepted his escort and they passed on 
through the brilliantly lighted square. 
The scout pointed out Winsor Hotel 
and other places of interest and told 
Margaret something of his own life, 
while she, in turn, regaled him with 
tales of life at the Old New Hamp- 
shire home. They parted reluctantly 



at the car and Margaret sped swiftly 
on to Cote St. Antoine, after telling 
the conductor to leave her at Vineyard 
Avenue. 

Suddenly she awoke to the fact that 
she had traveled a long distance with- 
out hearing the avenue called and she 
sat erect and listened. On and on 
they rode, farther and farther into 
the night. The passengers, one by 
one, deserted the car, the lights went 
out, the cable was reversed, Margaret 
was alone. 

Margaret walked swiftly up to the 
conductor and asked if this was Vine- 
yard Avenue. "Vineyard Avenue." 
said the conductor crossly, "I call 
out the avenue, why didu 7 you get 
off?" 

"Hess French," sighed Margaret. 
' ' What ever shall I do 1 I didn 't hear 
you say," she began timidly. He 
turned a.scowling face toward her and 
spoke gruffly, "You didn' hear! You 
didn' hear!" Margaret found her 
self-possession failing her ; she was on 
the verge of tears when a young man 
of pleasant countenance entered the 
car. Advancing toward the two, he 
said, "I overheard the conversation 
between you and I think I can settle 
the difficulty. Vineyard Avenue is 
several streets beyond ; the cars do not 
rim there as yet. Walk down to the 
electric light yonder, then turn to 
your left," Margaret thanked him 
and walked on. Then she began to 
pity herself. "Hundreds of miles 
from home in a strange city, alone, 
tired, hungry, sick, afraid." Two 
tears slowly trickled down her cheeks. 
"If I miss my way, I can find a police- 
man and ask him." But her head 
ached; she did miss her way and no 
policeman was in sight. At last she 
extracted the assignment billet from 
her purse and read it again : 

"Lodgings, Breakfasts, and Sup- 
pers, assigned to Margaret Dawson at 
the home of Major Thomas Orne, 123 
Vineyard Avenue, Cote St. Antoine." 

She glanced up. "This 125. 
W T hy! it must be just below and she 
joyfully found the number and 



The White-Capped Scout 



189 



ascended the broad gravel walk to 
the front door. Major Orne himself 
answered her summons and as he 
stood there clad in dressing gown and 
slippers, Margaret thought of the typi- 
cal Englishman she had read so much 
about. He greeted her kindly, but 
seemed completely at a loss when she 
had explained her errand. "I- will 
call my wife," he said, "Can it be 
that they didn't know I was coming?" 
Poor Margaret's head swam and her 
heart sank at the thought of being left 
outside at last. 

Mrs. Orne was a delightful little 
woman, however, and spoke with a 
dear little English accent. She 
atoned for the Major 's brusqueness by 
inviting Margaret in and after many 
apologies for not being able to provide 
for her entertainment in a sumptuous 
manner, owing to the fact that she was 
at present without a servant, she 
brought forth some lime-juice and 
cookies and then ushered Margaret 
into a cool, spacious, room. How in- 
viting the bed looked with its fresh 
linen I The girl's aching head sank 
wearily into the heavy pillows, and 
peaceful slumber stole over her. 

In the absence of a servant, a. small 
boy from a neighboring cottage served 
the breakfast, consisting of bread and 
strawberries. The uncut bread was 
placed on the table, with a knife be- 
side it, and the guest cut it as desired. 
Then coffee was served. This and 
every following morning a fresh bou- 
quet of flowers from the fine old- 
fashioned garden was laid beside her 
plate. She was informed that two 
others were coming to this house to 
stay during the convention — one a 
minister, the other a missionary from 
South Africa and both their names 
were Dawson. "How strange!" said 
Margaret, and wondered if they could 
by any possible chance claim relation- 
ship. 

That first morning she found her 
way to the New Hampshire head- 
quarters, secured her official badge, 
and found her program. She learned 
that Theodore Cuyler was to speak at 



the Erskine Presbyterian Church, and 
feeling now that she knew the way, she 
had no hesitation in setting forth 
alone. 

She arrived in plenty of season, 
secured a good seat and was lost in 
admiration of the wonderful, soul- 
thrilling speaker with his still more 
wonderful message. 

"I shall know my way home to- 
night," she thought, as after the serv- 
ice she started homeward. The ride 
did not seem so long as before and 
when nearly there she noticed there 
were only two occupants in the car 
beside herself: one was a sweet-faced, 
gentle lady with waves of soft brown 
hair parted in the middle, the other 
a dignified looking personage with a 
twinkle in the merry blue eyes that 
belied the dignity of his manner. 
"The minister and the missionary I'll 
bet you. " thought Margaret surprised 
into slang. She followed them from 
the car, keeping at a respectful dis- 
tance. They had been vise enough 
to employ a young boy as guide and 
as the latch of Major G-rne's gate 
clicked, Margaret advanced and held 
out her hand. "Is this Mr. and Mrs. 
Dawson ?" she asked. "Yes, and is 
this Miss Dawson?" they exclaimed 
together, then all three laughed. 

Margaret made some startling dis- 
coveries the next day. The Rev. Mr. 
Dawson proved to be none other than 
he of Holman, N. H., her mother's 
girlhood home, and upon further con- 
versation it developed that he had 
preached her grandfather's funeral 
sermon. "And did you know the 
Adams girls?" said Margaret eagerly. 
"I have often heard mv mother speak 
of them. " " The Adams girls, ; ' said 
the minister, "are grown women now. 
I believe they are in the city attending 
the convention. I will find them for 
you andVou shall, meet them." 

True to his promise Mr. Dawson 
found the Adams girls. It' was on a 
day when there were no meetings save 
committees and they had the day to 
themselves. They hired a carriage 
and, to use a pet expression of 



190 



The Granite Monthly 



Margaret 's, "did the town up brown." 
They visited the groat cathedrals, the 
Grey Nunnery, and other places of 
interest in the forenoon ; then drove to 
Blount Royal in the afternoon. Mar- 
garet prided herself on her French,, 
but the only word she understood in 
the Grey Nunnery was "malade." 

The ascent of Mount Royal was de- 
lightful, and on her way up, Margaret 
told an amusing story. 

"I had heard so much about the 
wonderful Mount Royal," she said, 
"before coming here that. I looked 
everywhere for it. Somehow the fact 
of its being 900 feet high conveyed no 
impression to me. One morning I 
came down to breakfast and Major 
Orne said, 'Have you noticed the 
lovely view of Mount Royal from the 
little balcony that leads out of your 
room 1 ? Then suddenly it dawned 
upon me that that little hill was a 
mountain.'' "Ah," replied the min- 
ister laughing, "you should give these 
people a glimpse of your native mills' 
in the Switzerland of America. ' ' 

As they stood watching the pano- 
rama spread below them, the wonder- 
ful Canadian city at their feet, Mar- 
garet felt a light touch, upon her arm, 
and turning beheld — can you guess 
whom ? — the White-Capped Scout who 



had several days before piloted her to 
the car. She extended her hand in 
joyful recognition. "Why! I didn't 
expect ever to see you again." Nor 
I, to see you, but Fate has, indeed, 
been kind. How are you enjoying 
yourself?" Then Margaret's tongue 
was loosed and she launched out into 
a glowing description of all the won- 
derful happenings of the past three 
days. He in turn related some amus- 
ing incidents that had befallen him on 
his piloting expeditions as he called 
them. The minister stood by, an 
amused spectator, while the mission- 
ary turned to watch the people who 
were patronizing the incline railway. 

"White-Cap," for we shall never 
know him by any other name, was in- 
vited to join them and made himself 
an agreeable addition to at least one 
member of the party. 

The rest is easily to be imagined — 
the correspondence begun between 
Margaret and White-Cap, followed by 
an invitation from Margaret 's mother 
to spend a summer at their White 
Mountain home, and, finally, after a 
proper time and with proper cere- 
mony, how Margaret Dawson became 

Margaret , I told you he should 

never be known by any other name — 
well, then, "Margaret White-Cap," 



BUTTERCUP TIME 

By Charles Henry Chesley 
The bee in the clover, gay rover. 
Flits over 

The blossomy fields in their prime; 
The bobolink trills o'er the hills, 
Fairly thrills, 

In buttercup time. 



The fields are all glowing 
With green things a-growing, 

The bird songs in tune — 
And heart o' mine thrilling 
With Love's sweet in-filling 

In June. 



New Hampshire Necrology 



191 



The dream is just waking, and making 
Heart-breaking 

The thought that Love loves summer clime — 
Oh, may the gay throng linger long, 
With the song 

Of buttercup time. 

If winds come a -sweeping, 
Oh, bring hot the weeping. 

The cry or the croon. 
For heart o' mine thrilling 
Knows naught but Love's filling. 

In June. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



JACOB ROGERS 

Jacob Rogers, born, in Exeter, N. EL, in 
1S29, died at his home in Lowell, Mass., Mon- 
day, June 8. 

Mr. Rogers came of an old and honorable 
family, the ancestors of which in this country 
came over in 1670 and immediately took' a 
prominent part in Colonial affairs. One 
member, Joint Rogers, served as president 
of Harvard College during the years 1682- 
16S4. On his mother's side, Jacob Rogers 
was descended from the family of Rev. Jacob 
Cram, a Congregational minister. His ma- 
ternal grandmother was Mary Poor, daughter 
of the Revolutionary general, Enoch Poor. 

He was educated at Phillips Exeter Acad- 
emy. After his graduation he went to sr>a 
and at twenty years of age went to Powell, 
where lie went into business with his brother, 
John F. Rogers. Mr. Rogers assumed early 
an interest in the political and business life 
of the community, and in 1864 and 1805 
served as a member of the legislature, and in 
1875 and 1876 was an alderman. Jn 1870 he 
became treasurer of the Lowell Gas Light 
Company, a position which he held up to 
within a few years. In 1875 Mr. Rogers be- 
came president of the Railroad National Bank, 
and later treasurer of the Stony Brook Rail- 
road. He was interested largely in numerous 
mills and manufacturing concerns, among 
thorn the Tremont and Suffolk mills, the Low- 
ell Manufacturing Company, the Massachu- 
setts Cotton Mills, the Boott Mills, the J. C. 
Ayer Company and the Kitson Machine Corn- 



pan} 7 . Mr. Rogers was married in 1868 to 
Mary H. Carney, and is survived, by her and 
three children, Mrs. Frank E. Dunbar, Mrs. 
Frederick A. Flather and John J. Rogers, the 
present congressman from the Fifth Massa- 
chusetts district. 

FRANK S. SUTCLIFFE 

Frank S. SutclifYe, superintendent of schools 
for the city of Somersworth, died at his home 
in that city, May 14, 1014, at the age of 55 
years, having been born in Salem, N. LI., in 
1859, the son of James and Mary L. SutdifTe. 

The family removed to Manchester in his 
childhood, where he graduated from the high 
school, and from Dartmouth College in the 
class of 1880. 

He was principal of the West Side grammar 
school in Manchester several years. Later 
he was superintendent of schools in Arlington, 
Mass., and subsequently supervisor of the 
Newport, Sunapee and New London district 
in this state, residing at Newport, whence he 
went to Somersworth some two years ago. 
Mr. SutclifYe was a former president of the 
New Hampshire Teachers' Association, a past 
president of the Calumet Club of Manchester 
and a past master of Washington Lodge, A. F., 
and A. M., of Manchester. 

He married Miss Kate Follansbee of Man- 
chester, whose death occurred about a month 
subsequent to his. They leave two daughters 
— Marjorie, assistant librarian at Simmons 
college, and Barbara, until recently a student 
at Andover acadernv. 



( f 1 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



The annual meeting of the New Hampshire 
Old Home Week Association was held at the 
rooms of the Department of Agriculture in 
the State House, on Monday, June S. Ex- 
Govs. Rollins and Bachelder, who have been 
president and secretary respectively since the 
organization of the Association in 1S99. de- 
clining to serve longer, a change in the official 
roll became necessary and officers for the en- 
suing year were chosen, as follows: President, 
Henry II. Metcalf, Concord; vice-presidents, 
Gov. Samuel D. Felker, ex-officio, Rochester; 
George A. Wood, Portsmouth; J. D. Roberts, 
Rollinsford;Ch aides McDaniel,Enfield; George 
B. Leighton, Dublin; George B. Cox, Laco- 
nia;True L. Norris, Portsmouth; Orville P. 
Smith, Meredith; Mrs. A. Lizzie Sargent., Con- 
cord; secretary, Andrew L. Felker, Meredith; 
treasurer, George E. Far rand, Concord; execu- 
tive committee, Dr. James Shaw, Franklin; 
Richard Pat tee, Laconia; George W. Fowler, 
Pembroke; William E. Beaman. Cornish; Na- 
thaniel S. Drake. Pittsfield. This Association 
is now an established state institution, and 
the last legislature provided an annual appro- 
priation for the support of its work, at the 
same time permanently fixing the beginning 
of Old Home Week at the third Saturday in 
August. 

The resignation of United States Marshal 
Edwin P. Nute, of Farmington, came as a sur- 
prise to the public a few days since, as his 
present term of service was far from complete. 
It appears that his resignation which takes 
effect July 1, was given in order that Mr. Nute 
may enter, at that time, upon his duties as 
secretary of the New Hampshire Fire Under- 
writers Association, which position, resigned 
by Hon. Samuel C. Eastman, has been ten- 
dered him. His resignation leaves open a de- 
sirable position which will probably be filled 
by the appointment of a Democrat. 



president of the Portsmouth Board of Trade, 
as earlv as the 27th. 



A high honor, worthily bestowed, was that 
conferred by the University of Maine, upon 
New Hampshire's brilliant educator, Henry C. 
Morrison, Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion, on the tenth instant, when he received 
the degree of Doctor of Laws from that insti- 
tution, in company with Thomas R. Marshall, 
Vice-President of the United States, who was 
the orator at the Commencement day exer- 
cises. 



The annual summer outing of the State 
Board of Trade occurs on Tuesday, June 30, 
the Isles of Shoals being the objective point. 
It is open to the public, and all those intending 
to participate should notify Fred M. Sise, 



The annual meeting of the New Hampshire 
Society, Sous of the Americau Revolution, 
was held in the Senate Chamber at the State 
House, June 9. Officers were elected for the 
ensuing year, as follows: F. W. Lamb, Man- 
chester, president; S. H. Bell, of Deny, F. W. 
McKinley of Manchester, J. N. Patterson of 
Concord, vice-president^; Rev Howard F. Hill. 
D. D., Concord, secret ary-treasurer; Rev. 
Lucius "Waterman, Laconia, chaplain; William 
P. Fiske, Concord, registrar; Charles C. Jones, 
Concord, assistant registrar; Otis G. Ham- 
mond, Henry H. Metcalf, Charles E. Staniels, 
Charles C. Jones, Concord, F. W. Lamb, Man- 
chester, board of management. An address 
on Alexander Scammell was given by Gen. 
Philip Readc, U. S. A., retired, of Boston. 
The Society voted the publication of a new 
volume of proceedings. 

Rolland H. Spaulding of Rochester^ who is 
contending with Rosecrans W. Pillsbury, of 
Londonderry, for the honor of the Republican 
nomination for Governor, has declined the 
challenge of the latter to discuss with him, 
before the people, the issues of the party cam- 
paign, such as they may be. Mr. Pillsbury 
will, therefore, go on to discuss them alone. 
He proposes to go into every section of the 
state. 



The Republican Club of Rockingham 
County will hold its next meeting in the Court 
house at Portsmouth, June 25. George H. 
Moses, ex-Minister to Greece will be the 
speaker of the day. 

The joint commission to settle the mooted 
Vermont and New Hampshire boundary 
question, appointed by the governors of the 
two states, is now engaged in the work, which 
is a most delicate and important one, and will 
not be concluded for some time. The New 
Hampshire members of the Commission are 
William M. Chase and John H. Albin of Con- 
cord, and Charles J. O'Neill of Walpole. 



Interest in this state in the projected suit 
for §70,000,000, against the directors of the 
New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad, 
in behalf of stockholders, for loss incurred 
through injudicious and unauthorized invest- 
ments, will be enhanced by the fact that the 
attorney bringing suit — Sherman F. Whipple 
— is a New Hampshire man by birth, as are 
very many of Boston's most eminent and suc- 
cessful lawyers. 



XLYI, Wo. 7 



JULY, <P: 



New Series, V6L IX, Ho. 7 



V 



I ME 



1 Jii 



■^ «-^ 






H'%J... 1 



II 1 ■„ 

A ML }Ju J::, 



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A New Hampshire Magazine 

voted to History, Biography, Literature and State Progress 







CONTENTS FOR JULY 



Hon. Rosecrans W« Pillsbury With frontispiece. , 



Wonolaneet 

By Mabel Hope Kingsbury. Illustrated. 



^"\\. i Hannah Duston Memorials 
! Compiled by E. W. B. Taylor. 

Pioneers of Little Harbor and Vicinity 

V. 1 -; \ By J. M. Moses. 

£%} To the End of the Road 



By Shirley W; H: 



New Hampshire Necrology 

J l Editor and Publisher's Notes 
uPfy Poems 



Eg. 

^ '■■■■ 

197 fij 

220 pJ 
223 $£§» 

1 ■' jr., 



??|5 By DeMa H. Honey, L 1. EL Frost, Alice M. Shepard, Benjamin' C. Woodbury, Mary fcf^ 

WaSf Alice D wyer L; Adelaide Sherman and. Georglana Rogers. KtsV 



/v"- 




sued by The Granite Monthly Company 

HENRY H. METCALF. Editor and Manager 



MS: $1.00 per annum, In advance; $1.50 if not paid Sn advance. Single copies, IS cents 

CONCORD, N. H., 1914. 

Entered at the post office at Concord as second-class roan matter. 



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HON. ROSECRANS W. PILLSBLRY 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLVI, No. 



JULY, 1914 



New Series, Vol. 9, No. 7 



HON. ROSECRANS W. PILLSBURY 

First Declared Candidate for the Republican Gubernatorial 

Nomination 



The first man in the state, this 
year, to announce his candidacy for 
a gubernatorial nomination, was 
Rdseerans W. Pillsbury of London- 
derry, who, in a public letter, issued 
on the 19th of March last, declared 
himself a candidate for the Republi- 
can nomination for Governor, at the 
September prima ry. 

In this letter, Mr. Pillsbury ex- 
pressed the belief that "the office of 
the Governor of New Hampshire 
should be open to all persons having 
legitimate business, during the hours 
when other state offices are open,'' 
and promised, if elected, to devote 
his entire time to the service of the 
state. He also said: "I have been 
a Republican always and was among 
the first to advocate reforms which, 
while they did not at the time meet 
with the approval of party leaders, 
have since become recognized as 
sound public policy. I shall en- 
deavor to conduct a vigorous cam- 
paign from the beginning, and shall 
hope to visit all parts of the state to 
meet the people and discuss with 
them matters pertaining to the con- 
duct of state affairs." 

Mr. Pillsbury was born in London- 
derry, September 18, 1863, the eldest 
son and third child of Col. William 
S. and Sarah A. (Crowell) Pillsbury. 
He comes of old colonial stock, being 
a descendant of that William Pillsbury 
who came from England, in 1640, 
married Dorothy Crosby of Dor- 
chester, Mass., in 1041. and settled 
iu Xewburv in that province. When 



patriotic Americans rose in revolt 
against Great Britain in 1775, Capt. 
Caleb Pillsbury, a descendant of 
William, and the great-great-grand- 
father of Rosecrans W. led a company 
from Amesbury to Cambridge, in 
which were three other members of 
the Pillsbury family. After the war, 
Mica j ah Pillsbury, a son of Captain 
Caleb, removed with his family to 
the town of Sutton in this state, 
where he became a leading citizen^ 
where his son Stephen, grandfather 
of Rosecrans W., was later settled as 
a Baptist clergyman, and where his 
father, William S., was born. 

Col. William S. Pillsbury, long a 
leading citizen of Londonderry, was 
a brave soldier of the Union in the 
Civil War, serving in both the Fourth 
and Ninth New Hampshire Regi- 
ments, and in Company D, unattached 
artillery. He was active in public 
affairs and a leader in Republican pol- 
itics, serving in various town offices, 
as a member of the House of Repre- 
sentatives, of the State Senate, and 
the Executive Council. He was long 
extensively engaged in shoe manu- 
facture in Perry, and had also . a 
large farm in Londonderry, where 
his son— Rosecrans W. — developed an. 
interest in agriculture, which con- 
tinues strong and unabated, not- 
withstanding the years which he. has 
given to business and political activity 
since the school days which he passed 
at Pinkerton and Phillips Andover 
Academies, and Dartmouth College. 

Studying law, and being admitted 



194 



The Granite Monthly 



to the bar at Manchester. Mr. Pills- 
bury nevertheless continued in part- 
nership with his father in the shoe 
manufacturing business. He also 
published a magazine and newspaper 
at Derry for a time, the former at- 
taining a wide circulation. These 
he later disposed of and acquired a 
controlling interest in the Manchester 
U7iion, to whose management he 
gave much attention, until its sale 
last year to the publishers of the 
Leader. 

For the last fifteen years and more, 
Mr. Pillsbury has been a prominent 
figure in Republican politics in New 
Hampshire. He represented London- 
derry in the Legislature of 1897, serv- 
ing on the Judiciary Committee, and 
also two years later, serving on the 
same committee. Again in 1905 he 
was returned to similar service, and 
was also chairman of the House Com- 
mittee on Retrenchment and Reform, 
taking strong ground in favor of 
various needed reforms and cham- 
pioning the same with vigor on the 
floor of the House. 

In 1906 he was an active candidate 
for the Republican nomination for 
Governor, and made a strong canvass ; 
but, with four candidates in the field, 
it was apparent, after several ballot- 
tings, that neither could be nominated 
but by the withdrawal of another, 
and, in the interest of harmony, he 
withdrew in favor of Charles M. 
Floyd of Manchester, insuring the 
nomination of the latter. 

In 1909, Mr. Pillsbury was again 
a member of the House, serving on 
the important special Committee on 
Railroad Rates. He has also repre- 
sented his town in the last three 
Constitutional: Conventions, taking 
an active part in the deliberations of 
those bodies. He was an alternate 
delegate from New Hampshire to the 
Republican National Convention in 
1892, and in 1904 was a delegate to 
the Convention in Chicago, when 
Theodore Roosevelt was nominated 
for President, and was a member of 
the committee to notify him of his 



nomination, has been prominent in the 
State Conventions and in the commit- 
tee work of his party for many years, 
and a forceful speaker on the stump. As 
a Republican, he is both aggressive 
and progressive, and was one of the 
first men in his party to advocate the 
reform measures that have since be- 
come distinctively known as "Pro- 
gressive." 

As has been said, his interest in 
agriculture has ever been strong and 
unabated, and he is giving practical 
demonstration thereof in the cultiva- 
tion of the farm of several hundred 
acres, on which he resides. Hay and 
dairying have been leading features, 
but fruit culture at present particu- 
larly engrosses his attention. Tins 
season he has set out a new apple 
orchard of three thousand trees, 
placing each with his own hands, 
thus emphasizing his declared belief 
that apple culture is the great leading 
line of industry whereby the New 
Hampshire farmer can insure his own 
success and the prosperity of the 
state. He was for sixteen years a 
trustee of the New Hampshire Col- 
lege of Agriculture and the Mechanic 
Arts, and greatly interested in the 
work of the institution. 

As a business man in the village of 
Derry, Mr. Pillsbury has ever mani- 
fested a wide measure of public spirit 
and contributed generously toward all 
enterprises promotive of the welfare of 
the place. He contributed a site for the 
Adams. public library building, and a 
liberal sum in aid of the library. He 
is a Presbyterian, a thirty-second 
degree Mason, and a member of the 
order of Patrons of Husbandry, hav- 
ing been the first Master of Derry 
Grange. 

Mr. Pillsbury married, in 1885, 
Annie E. Watts of Manchester, who 
died August 10, 1911, leaving three 
children — Maria, a graduate of Abbot 
Academy, now the wife of Harold S. 
Taylor, formerly of Concord, now in 
Trenton, N. J. ; Horace Watts, a grad- 
uate of the Lnited States Naval Acad- 
emy at Annapolis, now in the service, 



Lcmpskr 195 

who was engaged in the recent taking of the world. Mrs. Harriet F. Valen- 

of Vera Cruz, and has since been tine, born at Greenville, S. C, .March 

transferred to the Asiatic fleet; and 1. 1876 — a member of the famous 

Dorothy, now a student in Abbot Grady family, and a cousin of the late 

Academy. Henry W. Grady, editor of the Atlanta 

February 25, 1913, he married, at Constitution and one of the foremost 

Yokahama, Japan, while on a tour orators of the South. 



LEMPSTER 

By Delia 11. Honey 

Dear old Lempster, country town, 
Upon which we need not frown, 
For she's given unto earth, 
Many men of note, and worth. 

Miner, Spaulding, and such men 
Who can wield a might pen, 
Who have stood before the world, 
With their banners all unfurled. 

Yet it is not of the host 

I intend to write of most, 

But a home back from the street, 

Where was love and friendship sweet. 

Somewhat back upon the lawn, 
You might see at early dawn, 
Cottage white with blinds of green, 
Neat farmhouse as ever seen. 

All along piazza's edge 
Has been set the English hedge 
Where in summer come the bees 
And in winter— chickadees. 

Spacious barn, with paint of brown, 
Cattle feeding on the down, 
And in morning light, you view 
Fog, with mountains peering through. 

Tall green poplars, reaching high, 
Pointing up to azure sky, 
Keeping guard, as sentinels true, 
Trembling still, the whole night through. 

Here's the well, oh, let us keep 
Pulling down the old well sweep, 
Dip the bucket, draw, and drink 
From its overflowing brink. 



196 The Granite Monthly 

Down the road the maples strong. 
Spread their branches high, and long, 
Casting shadows, when the sun 
Has his morning work begun.. 

Casting shadows till there come 
Shadows darkening, o'er this home, 
For the mighty warrior. Death, 
Came, and with his blasting breath 

Took the young and took the old, 
Sorrows ever to be t old- 
Father, sons, and daughter laid « 
In the graves that we have made. 

Pointing up to worlds on high 
Is the shaft near which they lie. 
Telling they have gone above, 
Resting in a Saviour's love. 

At the home, we strangers see, 
But it ever will to me 
Be a place to memory dear 
Because of friendships founded here. 



THE DERELICT 

By L. J. H. Frost 

On the ocean of time there lies drifting 

A derelict, dark and drear: 
It was freighted, in life's rosy morning, 

With hopes unmingled with fear. 

With its bright pennon gaily floating 

On the clear sweet morning air. 
No ship was e'er launched with its prospects 

]\Iore nattering or more fair. 

But a cloud had gathered at noonday, 
Whose shadow had darkened the sun; 

And the sea's rough, restless surges 
Raged wildly when day was done. 

While the ship that set sail in life's morning, 
With its pennon and banner unfurled, 

Hath cast out its ballast and burdens 
To the depths of the dark sea world. 

And now as day dies into darkness, 
With no star to illumine its tomb, 

The derelict, without a pilot, 

Drifts hopelessly on towards its doom. 



/<?>, 



WO NO LANCET 



One of Fair Nature's New Hampshire Recreation Grounds 
By Mabel Hope Kingsbury 



As far back as I can remember, 
there has been talk of an electric road 
between Centre Harbor and North 
Conway, New Hampshire. Maybe 
this is the road told about in "Mr. 
Crewe's Career," although it is only 
in fiction that it has actually arrived. 
Were there really such a road it 
would pass through the little hamlet 
of Wonolancet and make unnecessary 



speed or haste would spoil the whole 
atmosphere. 

This does not mean that it has none 
of the modern conveniences, for it has 
many. - Wonolancet Falls furnishes 
power for an electric plant which 
lights not only this place but villages 
lying around. This plant furnishes 
power also for both farm and house 
work. Most of the summer residences 



Wonolancet, N. H. — Woodland Bordered Intervale, formerly " Birch Intervale 



the stage ride of ten miles from the 
Mt. Whittier station on the Boston 
and Maine Railroad. If it is the fault 
of the Boston and Maine that this 
quiet little spot has not been invaded 
by a railroad, there are people in- 
clined to feel kindly disposed towards 
this much abused corporation, for 
Wonolancet, as it is, is a natural rec- 
reation ground, and any suggestion of 



have a garage, and automobiles are 
found in the barns of the farmers. 
Telephones are considered a necessity, 
even in the smallest farm house. 
Wonolancet is up-to-date enough in 
the things really worth while. 

Xew Hampshire claims many beau- 
tiful summer resorts; of them all 
Wonolancet seems to possess and sug- 
gest an individuality all its own, and 



198 



The Granite Monthly 



peculiarly in keeping with its location 
and surroundings. Encompassed by 

mountains of the Ossipee and Sand- 
wich Ranges, and lying on the south- 
ern slope of the White Mountains, 
this little woodland-bordered inter- 
vale holds many and easily accessible 
attractions' so that one just naturally 
lives out of doors and finds greatest 
fascination and utmost satisfaction in 
following paths, blazing trails, and 
climbing hills and mountains. 

Out-door life is advocated, nowa- 
days, by all sensible people. To many 
persons it means a rocking-chair on 
the piazza or a hammock under the 
trees. To Wonolancet devotees it 






Wonolancet Chapel 

means blazed trails, logging roads, 
new paths, mountain climbs, camping- 
out, half-day walks, all day climbs — 
out-door life with a viewpoint and 
one worth while. Methinks the spir- 
its of the old Indian chiefs, Passa- 
conaway, Chocorua and Wonolancet, 
which are said to hover around the 
great hills that bear their name and 
overshadow this little spot, must feel 
that after many years the happy hunt- 
ing-ground of their age and time is 
beginning to receive merited appre- 
ciation. 

In earlier days this small settlement 
was called, and rightly, too, " Birch 
Intervale/' but with the change of 
name to Wonolancet, and the forming 



of the "Out-Door Club." the region 
has acquired a new dignity, and vale 
and hill proclaim the fact that it has 
at last come into its own. Most 
surely may the Indian spirits of by- 
gone days feel pleasure and satis- 
faction in the treatment now accorded 
their ancient dwelling-place. 

The most fascinating tales and 
legends cluster around those early 
times when the Indians held undis- 
puted sway among these hills and 
mountains. For many years after 
the}' had disappeared forever, this 
section of New Hampshire was an 
unexplored country, and, although it 
has been the dwelling-place of people 
since 1768, it has really awaited the 
coming of the "Out-Door Club" to 
fully show forth its beauties and nat- 
ural attractions as the red men found 
them. 

The Wonolancet "Out-Door Club 7 ' 
is rediscovering and finding the pleas- 
ure and enjoyment that the Indians 
knew. This little club is still young, 
but promises a precocious future, al- 
though its originators are not unduly 
pushing its growth and development. 
Unlike man}- out-door clubs, it has a 
more enduring purpose than simply 
the health and exercise of its members 
and participants. In fact, no mention 
is made in the by-laws as to its being 
a health club at all, but we are told 
that its purpose is the building and 
maintenance of paths, to improve the 
place and develop its natural beauties. 

The paths and trails already blazed 
and developed and designated by 
guide posts of a bright blue, the club 
color, show the zeal and enthusiasm 
of the club. 

In proving to you my assertion that 
Wonolancet is a natural recreation- 
ground, I can do no better than take 
you over some of the paths and trails 
which the club has prepared. Wono- 
lancet Chapel is the starting point for 
many parties, so, there, we too will 
begin our explorations. 

"Currier's Road" takes us across 
the Albany bridge, giving a fine view 
of mountain and valley, and leads us 



Wonolancet 



199 



past Ferncroft, a summer boarding- 
house, to the Jewell home, which 
must be pointed out and its history 
given. We, of course, are taking: our 
" Out-Door Club" guide book with us, 
and that gives us the information, we 
want. "In 1768 Bradbury Jewell 
came to Tamworth as the agent of 
Moulton to explore the new town, to 
establish lines, and to blaze conven- 
ient paths and to make frequent re- 
ports. Jewell was a young man and 
he entered upon his mission with zeal. 
In his explorations he was often ac- 



cxploring expeditions soon after 1768, 
Jewell and Hackett first saw the Birch 
Intervale. The flat land was covered 
with an extraordinary growth of co- 
lossal white birch trees. Intermixed 
with this splendid growth of birches 
was a magnificent old growth of white 
pine and hemlock and many hardwood 
trees. The whole intervale seemed 
singularly free from small growth 
or underbrush. The hunters were 
greatly impressed with the appearance 
of the valley and gave it the appro- 
priate name of 'Birch Intervale.' 





















' 




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"Ferncroft," property of Mr. Eliot Fisher 



companied by Hezekiah Hackett, who 
came to Tamworth soon after Jewell. 
In 1771 he secured of Moulton a large 
tract^of land located on what is now 
known as Stevenson Hill. He built a 
log house upon it and began to clear 
away the virgin forest. This was the 
beginning of the first farm in town. 
Four years later he planted twenty 
acres of corn. November 16, 1780, he 
abandoned his log house and moved 
into a new dwelling which he had 
built on the farm. This house is still 
standing upon the premises, now 
owned by Miss Augusta Stevenson. 
It was the first frame house erected 
in Tamworth. In the hunting and 



"John Jewell and Mark Jewell, 
brothers of Bradbury, soon purchased 
lands and a settlement was begun. 
The first house on the intervale was 
built in 1778 by John Jewell, where 
'Ferncroft' now stands. Bradbury 
Jewell exchanged his property On the 
Stevenson Hill with Thomas Steven- 
son, of Durham, for a large farm in 
that town. The deep impression of 
the beautiful intervale always re- 
mained with Bradbury Jewell, and, 
after a few years passed in Durham, 
he returned and in 1802 settled upon 
his old camping-ground near the 
house now owned by E. P. Jewell, 
where he lived until his death. " 



200 



The Granite Monthly 



With renewed interest we look at 
Ferneroft and the Jewell home and 



Camp Shehadi 

then gaze around us. Whiteface 
mountain looms up before us with 
Passaconway's peak overtowering it. 

We will take an entire day for the 
climb of Whiteface, ascending by Path 
13. stopping at "Camp Shehadi/ 5 and 
returning by the " Tom Wiggin Trail." 
The view from Whiteface is described 
in detail in our guide book as follows: 
"North, Washington, Monroe,, Frank- 
lin, and Pleasant, to the left, and 
point of Jefferson over Monroe. Be- 
low, and to the right, are the ledges of 
Crawford, Giant's Stairs, and Resolu- 
tion and the knoll of Parker. Nearer 
in the Same direction is the ridge of 
Fremont with three low nubbles and 
with Bartlett Haystack on its right. 
On the horizon, east of Washington, 
are Moriah, Wildcat, and Carter 
Dome, and below them, Iron and 
Black, over Bear. Passaconway is 
across the ravine, and on its right is 
Moat, with the cone of Kearsarge 
beyond. To the right are the green 
hills of Conway and Lovewcll's Pond. 
Next is Paugus, overlooked by Cho- 
corua, beyond is Pleasant in Maine 
with a white hotel on its middle sum- 
mit. Probably Sebago Lake can be 



seen in clear weather. Nearly east 
are Walker's Pond, Chocorua Lake 
and Silver Lake, and beyond are Ly- 
man and Glihe Mountains. South- 
east is Ossipee Lake backed by Green 
Mountain. The Ossipee Range fills 
the southeast with the towns of Tam- 
worth and Sandwich in the fore- 
ground. Great Hill Pond, White Sand 
Pond, Elliott Pond are towards Ossi- 
pee Lake, and Bearcamp Pond and 
Red Hill Pond on the south, while 
beyond them is Lake Winnepesaukee, 
with the Belknaps behind. Next is 
Red Hill and on its right is Squam 
Lake, over which is southern Kear- 
sarge. Nearer and southwest is Flat 
Mountain with Flat Mountain Pond 
between its summits. On its left are 
Young and Israel, and farther away 
Prospect, Plymouth, and Cardigan. 
Next is the Sandwich Dome, with 
Jennings Peak on its right; beyond is 
Welch, running northeast of Green, 
which adjoins Tecumseh and over 
which is Moosilauke with Carr on its 
left," 

We also learn that the cliffs on the 



m 



View on Rrook Path 



south side of Whiteface peak were 
stripped by a landslide in October, 



Wonolancet 



201 



1820: and there are occasional new 
slides, two small ones in the winter of 
1907-1908. In 187G the United States 
Coast Survey selected Whiteface for 
one of five baseline points for the 
survey of this part of the State. 

Back again in Wonolancet valley 
after a sound night's sleep we will look 
around us at houses and summer 
boarding places before attempting any 
further climbing trips. Of the older 
houses that have been transformed 
into summer homes, Wonolancet 
Farm takes precedence and is finely 
situated as to mountain scenery. Less 
than a quarter of a mile away was the 
"Tilton Farms," recently destroyed 



Boston. Another two-story" log cabin 
near Wonolancet Farm is "The Ant- 
lers Tea Room.' 7 Here we may go for 
a cup of tea or glass of milk before 
beginning the walking trip planned 
for the day. Here also is the post 
office and circulating library. 

Rested and refreshed, let us visit 
Wonolancet Falls by the Brook Path. 
The three cascades of the Falls make 
a total fall of over forty feet and a 
little way above the Falls is a wonder- 
ful formation of bowlders where the 
river disappears entirely. It is all 
well worth seeing. 

-Leaving the Falls by the Locke 
Road, Path 5, we come out on the 



_• 6 

Jpper Wonolancet Falls 



by fire, the proprietor a descendant of 
one of the earlier settlers of the ham- 
let. These two, with Locke's Falls 
Cottage and Ferncroft, harbor many 
enthusiastic members of the "Out- 
Door Club" during the summer 
months. 

Mount Mexico House is built on a 
hill among trees and at the foot of a 
beautiful wooded hill. "Elleray," a 
summer residence, once a farm house, 
lies in the valley with magnificent 
mountain scenery. 

Summer residences dot the valley 
and are conspicuous on the hill-tops 
or hidden among the trees. An ar- 
tistic log house built on a hill is the 
summer home of three women from 



highway just below the Tilton home, 
and passing through theclooryard and 
past^lhe little pond, we climb fences 
and walk through woods of pine and 
birch to Great Hill Pond. After 
lunch and an hour's rest, we return to 
the Tilton home for our final trip to 
the top of Mount Katharine. This 
makes a hard day's trip, but it can 
be done and there is no part of it 
that we want to leave out. Espe- 
cially are we rewarded for our stren- 
uous climb to the top of Mount Katha- 
rine, for the view from this outcrop 
of rock is one that we should be sorry 
to miss. At the north is the Sand- 
wich Range; Chocorua, Paugus and 
Wonolancet overtopped by Passa- 



202 



The Granite Monthly 






L 



! 



Wonolancet Middle Falls 



conway are on the east; then White- 
face and Flat mountains; and on the 
west Young Mountain, Guinea Hill 
and Mount Israel, Squam Lake, and 
Wirinepesaukee, Ossipee Lake and 
Great Hill Pond can be readily seen; 
while, away off in the distance, are 
the hills of Maine. The 
Ossipee Mountains are also 
in close range. A sunset 
seen from Mount Katha- 
rine is something that will 
never be forgotten. Mount 
Katherine was recently so * " : > 
named in honor of Mrs. 
Arthur T. Walden who, as 
Miss Katherine Sleeper of 
Boston came here over fit- 
teen years ago, and was the 
pioneer spirit in making this 
the plea-ant little hamlet it 
is today. 

Probably we are somewha t [ 
tired on the next day and so | ; , , 
will ride instead of walking. 
Pleasant rides there are in 



abundance and variety. Let us choose 
a circuit one. With Stevenson Hill 
lor our first viewpoint, we must 
ascend and descend some steep 
hills, but that is to be expected 
in a mountainous country. Summer 
homes, great and small, are seen all 
along the way. and after leaving 
Stevenson Hill lor Tamworth village 
we come in sight of the residence of 
the former Airs. Grover Cleveland, 
excellently situated on a lofty hill. 

Just before entering Tamworth 
village we pause at Ordination Rock, 
and mount the stone steps to read the 
monument there which tells us that 
this rock was the first pulpit in the 
place. In imagination we see men 
with guns in hand, and women closely 
guarding their children, worshipping 
in what was then a wilderness and 
forest. 

Driving through Tamworth vil- 
lage we choose the road for the Choeo- 
rua Lake region. Summer residences 
are once again in evidence, but Cho- 
corua Mountain is more of an attrac- 
tion to us and of this mountain we 
have frequent views, for no other 
peak in this whole region presents so 
many and varied poses. 

Unexpectedly we come upon the 
lake at the foot of the mountain, and 
in the little grove, close by the water's 



Ordination Rock, Tamworth, N. II. 



Wonnlancet 



203 



■edge, we stop for our picnic lunch and 

noonday rest. The telling of the 
legend of Choeorua so fires our in- 
terest and enthusiasm that we are 
quite sure we cannot wait another 
day before climbing the mountain. 
Nothing seems more desirable and 
worth while than that we see both 
a sunset and a sunrise from the top 
of Choeorua, and, so before the 
Durrell farm is reached on our way 
home, we decide to try for it or faint 
in the attempt. The carriage takes 
us to the Half-Way house and there 
.leaves us. A good path from here 



sible. It surely looks as if it meant 
hard work to reach the top, but we 
get there finally and the sunset view 
rewards us. 

Nothing can be more glorious un- 
less it be the sunrise of the next 
morning, which none of us would 
miss though it meant early rising 
and with stiff limbs and sore feet 
again ascending that almost im- 
possible summit. Although not as 
high as other mountains, Choeorua 
has an unequalled view because of 
its bare and peaked cone. Houses on 
Mount Washington are plainly seen; 



Summer Home of Edgar J. Rich, Gen. Soliciior B. & M. R. R., Wonolancet 



to the Summit house confirms us in 
our opinion that we were wise to 
seize- the present moment for our 
climb, and we are disposed to jeer at 
those of the party who have made the 
ascent before and who had urged us 
to put it oft" till another day. They 
hold their peace — if they can — well 
knowing that their turn will soon 
come. 

. As the Summit house is neared a 
big surprise awaits the uninitiated, 
and as further progress is made it 
•certainly doesn't look as easy as we 
thought it would be. The upper 
cone of Choeorua is peaked and rocky, 
and in many places wholly inacces- 



fivers, lakes and ponds gleam and 
glisten in the morning sunshine, and 
the whole country round about shows 
a .beautiful panorama of delight. 

Remembering the legend of Cho- 
eorua, we look for the rock from which, 



it is sau 



1, he threw himself to his 



death, after hurling threats and curses 
at the white men who had sur- 
rounded him. 

When we arrive at our boarding- 
place after this mountain climb both 
bath-tub and dinner-table look in- 
viting; we are tired and hungry, stiff 
and sore, sunburned, too, but tre- 
mendously glad we made the trip. 

The next day we ride, perhaps to 



20-4 



The Granite Monthly 



Beareamp Pond or Centre Sand- 
wich; or maybe it will be Cold River 
Park or Conway. There are drives 
of enough interest and beauty to 
keep one occupied every day for three 
weeks. Then there is Big Pock 
Cave to visit; Square Ledge and 
Guinea Hill to climb, and if we want 
other mountain trips there are Pau- 
gus ? Wonolaneet and Passaconway 
to choose from. 

It means a strenuous vacation and 



dress differs in both looks and feelings 
from that same sweet maid in her 
travelling suit. 

Just as our outward appearance 
affects our inner moods and thoughts, 
so does the evolution of seasons affect 
Nature. Her moods and emotions 
are to those who have entered the 
inner shrine of her friendship and be- 
come intimately acquainted as varied 
and changing as the seasons which 
overtake her. Spring in Woiiolancet 







j 
1 

■ \ 

1 


- 


- 








\ 


"■ j 










Peak of Chocorua and Peak House 



requires all the summer months to 
become in even a small degree ac- 
quainted with Nature as she shows 
herself among the vales and hills of 
Woiiolancet. 

And yet to one who. after many 
summer season's intimacy, feels that 
he knows and understands the moods 
and caprices of Nature as expressed 
in this region there are many sur- 
prises still in store. Woiiolancet in 
spring or Woiiolancet in winter is as 
different from herself in the summer- 
time as a maiden dressed in her ball 



is sober, serious, Quaker earnestness; 
trees and bushes are drab and gray 
with mingling of green; rivers and 
brooks and even little rivulets have 
become rushing torrents; new life, 
enthusiasm, earnestness are expressed 
in everything on all sides. The sum- 
mer months are the re-creating days; 
and Nature's brilliance and develop- 
ment are shown in the autumn tints 
and gorgeousness. 

Woiiolancet is beautiful in autumn, 
and in winter she is incomparable 
and most wonderful. Her friends 



Wo no! an eel 



205 



and acquaintances of other months 
must necessarily reform their friend- 
ship and intimacy for there is -little in 
her outward appearance to remind 
them of any other time they met and 
knew her. Chocorua robed in a white 
mantle of snow stands alone and 
apart in bridal splendor. Other 
peaks are white and green and hills 
and valleys present an unsullied cov- 
ering of pure white. New England 
weather is capricious and variable, 
conspicuously so, and at Wonolancet 
it shows forth man}' and varied moods 
of Nature. Big, feathery flakes of 
snow that fall and drift the highways 
and are a delight to watch may soon 
become finer and pack trees and 
bushes till they bend beneath the 
load. Or an ice stonn may encase 
trees and shrubs till they creak and 
tremble. Sunshine after any storm 
shows Nature most glorious. 

Sleighs, sleds, toboggans, snow- 
shoes and skis are now our medium 
of acquaintance. Mountains may be 
climbed with the aid of snow-shoes. 
And skis bring pleasure, excitement 
and exercise. Hunting and gunning 
may be indulged in. Our sleigh-rides 
are invigorating and show us fascinat- 
ing views of mountains on all sides. 






,-i 



Chocorua Rock 

The steady stream of logging teams 
that we meet causes us to question 
and we learn about the early saw-mills 
of Wonolancet as well as about those 
of the present day. Of the shingle 
and clapboard mill that was once 
built at what is now Wonolancet 
Falls, only one timber of the dam, the 
sluice-way of rocks around the falls, 
and the cellar holes and hay field 
in the woods remain. 

Another mill was built on the north 





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Wonolancet in Winter 



200 



The Granite Monthly 



side of the valley, and great tree? were 
hauled out on the old Mast Road. 
These huge sticks of timber were 
used for masts and spars in ship 
building. It is related of one monster 
white pine that it was drawn to the. 
top of the mountain and left over 
night, and the next day. in addition 
to the great "mast team" of oxen 
owned by Russell Cox there were 
added some forty or fifty oxen and 
steers from Tamworth and Sandwich, 
which had been collected on the inter- 
vale to enlarge the team after the 
tree had been brought down from the 
highlands. The tree was one hundred 
and two feet long and two feet and 
four inches in diameter at the top. 
The day vats clear and a great many 
people witnessed the difficult and 



dangerous work of ''bringing down" 
the great pine from the mountain. 
and many more enjoyed the sight of 
this extraordinary -team and the 
splendid tree as it crossed the inter- 
vale on its way to the Atlantic. 

Paugus Mills of the present day are 
exceedingly interesting and worth 
visiting. The heavy timber is being 
cut from the valley between Paugus 
and Chocorua and the valley is full 
of men and horses. 

The Forest Reserve Bill has a new 
meaning for us after a winter's day 
among the mills and logging camps, 
and we fervently rejoice that congress 
finally passed the bill. Winter or sum- 
mer, spring or autumn, Wonolancet 
provides pleasure and entertainment 
for the true lover of Nature. 



IMMORTALITY 

By Alice M. She par d 

My restless spirit lives where discord reigns, 
And delves all day at cruel, rending, toil; 

Bears burdens which it secretly disdains, 

Consorts with those from whom it would recoil, 

And there, beneath the tread of passing feet 

It drains the bitter potion of defeat. 

A cellar I must dig and wall it in,-— 

My choice would be to gild a lofty spire, 
For so I might perchance contrive to win 
- The world's applause, and gain my heart's desire, 
Strange fate, to place a trowel in my hand, 
And bid me mix the cement and the sand. 



Franklin, N. II. 



I know not what the building is to be, 
Which shall be founded on my cellar wall, 

But since it is not given to foresee 
If thereon rise a cottage or a hall, 

My task is clear, to make a fitting base 

Proportioned to this mean, restricted space. 

I may not guess what substance shall be used, 
Transmuted brick, mayhap, or stone, or wood, 

Austere, or with celestial hue suffused ; 

Un wrought, or with adornment counted good, 

I only know my own foundation line 

Will fix the contour of the house divine. 



■•' / 



HANNAH DUSTON MEMORIALS 

History of Memorial Organizations and other Matters 

of Interest 



Compiled by E. W. B. fayloi 



In May, 1S52. a meeting, was called 
by a few citizens of Haverhill.. Mass., 
to take measures 'regarding the erec- 
tion of a suitable monument to the 
memory of Hannah Duston. At a 
later meeting the committee of fifteen, 
appointed for the purpose, recom- 
mended that the monument be erected 
on the. common at a cost of not less 
than S1500. The report was accepted. 
In October, 1855, an association was 
formed and in February, 1856, was in- 
corporated. It was, after much dis- 
cussion, decided to locate the monu- 
ment on the spot supposed to be 
the site of the house in which Hannah 
Duston was born and bred, and from 
which she was carried by the Indians. 
It was on the farm of Mr. Richard 
Kimball; the remains of the cellar 
were still visible, although time and 
the plow had nearly obliterated all 
traces of the spot. One-half acre of 
land was bought of Mr. Kimball; the 
directors received a deed and the 
monument was erected. 

The Tri-Weeldy Publisher of Haver- 
hill, in its issue of June 4, 1861, has 
the following account of the first 
attempt to perpetuate the memory of 
Hannah Duston in her native town. 

On Friday last, the monument which has 
just been completed for the Duston Monu- 
ment Association, passed-through this village 
in three teams. The monument, which is of 
Italian marble, was made by MessTS. Picker- 
ing & Co., of Woburn, and cost, we learn, 
51,200. 

On the front face is a shield, surrounded by 
the various warlike implements peculiar to 
the times intended to be commemorated, 
viz: — musket, ball pouch, powder horn, bow 
and arrows, tomahawk, scalping knife, etc., 
and the inscription: "Erected by the Dustin 
Monument Association, A. D. 1861." 



The other faces bear the following inscrip- 
tions. On the back: 

Thomas Duston married Hannah Emer- 
son, Dec. 3, 1677. Children: — Hannah, 
born Aug. 22, 167S; Elizabeth, born May 7, 
1680; Mary, bom Nov. 4, 1681; Thomas, 
born Jan. 5, 16S3; Nathaniel, born May 16, 
16S5; John, born Feb. 2, 16S6; Sarah, born 
July 4, 16SS; Abigail, bora Oct. 1690; Jona- 
than, born Jan. 15, 1692; Timothy and 
Mehitable, bom Sept. 14, 1694; Martha, 
born Mar. 9, 1697; Lydia, born Oct. 4, 
169S. 

On the right : 

Hannah, the daughter of Michael and 
Hannah Emerson, wife of Thomas Duston. 
Born in this town, Dec. 23, 1657; captured 
by the Indians, March 15. 1697 (at which 
time her baby, then but six days old, was 
barbarously murdered, by having its 
brains dashed out against a tree), and 
taken to an island in the Merrimack, at 
Penacook, near Concord, N. II. On the 
night of April 29, 1697, assisted by Mary 
Net! and Samuel Leonardson, she killed 
ten of the twelve savages in the wigwam, 
and taking their scalps and her captor's 
gun, as trophies of her remarkable exploit, 
she embarked on the waters of the Merri- 
mack, and after much suffering, arrived 
at her home in safety. 

On the left: 

Thomas Duston, on the memorable loth 
of March, 1697, when his house was 
attacked and burned, and his wife captured 
by the savages, heroically defended his 
seven children, and successfully covered 
their retreat to a garrison. 

In 18G5 this monument was re- 
moved for the reasons given in a 
local newspaper as follows: 

In 1855 a project to j>erpetuate in stone 
the memory of Hannah Dustin was discussed 
in Haverhill, and that year the Dustin 
Monument Association was organized. It 
originated among the residents of West 
Parish, where the heroine lived. The proj- 
ect met with general favor among the 
citizens, and a good part of the sum neces- 
sary for a suitable memorial having been 
subscribed, the monument was purchased 
and erected on the site of the Dustin house. 



208 



The Granite Monthly 



It was twenty-four feet high, five feet 
square, and was of Italian marble, resting 
on a granite base. The tablets were in- 
scribed with records of the brave deed, and 
it was in every way appropriate to perpetu- 
ate the memory of the heroism of this 
brave woman. 

The projectors of the scheme had relied 
upon the generosity of the Haverhill citi- 
zens to complete the payment of the debt 
contracted, but the money did not materi- 
alize, and, finally, the payment of the debt 
became a matter of litigation in the. courts. 
This was in 1SG2. at a time when the excite- 
ment of the civil war overshadowed every- 
thing else, and money was very scarce. 
The matter was pending all through the 
war, and finally, in 1S65, judgment having 
been obtained in the courts, the monument 
was taken down and removed to Barre, 
Mass. The records of Mrs. Dustin's 
achievements were erased, and, after being 
suitably inscribed, it was erected as a 
soldier's monument in one of the public 
squares of Barre. It is probable that very 
few of the citizens of that town are aware 
of the fact that the monument that was 
erected to the heroes of the civil war was 
originally intended to commemorate a 
brave act performed by a woman over 200 
years ago. The street where this monu- 
ment tarried for a time in Haverhill is 
called Monument street, but as no monu- 
ment can be seen anywhere in its vicinity, 
the origin of the name is somewhat puz- 
zling to stranger-. 

As the succeeding paragraphs re- 
late, a fine boulder now marks the 
site of the Hannah Dust in house, 
where the original monument stood 
for a few years. 

Fifty years later, in 1905, the 
Dustin Historical Genealogical Soci- 
ety of Haverhili was organized which 
still exists and continues its active 
work. 

The notice for the first meeting 
was written in June, 1905, by Mrs. 
Mary Dustin P. Watson then a resi- 
dent of Oakland, California, and sent 
to about one hundred and fifty de- 
scendants of Thomas and Hannah 
Dustin. She was urged, some ten or 
twelve years before, by her sister, Ruth 
Dustin Taylor, wife of Daniel Taylor 
of North Salem, X. H., to organize a 
Dustin Association and to print the 
record she then had. But she waited, 
thinking someone else would, and 
believing that others were interested 
who would assist as soon as some one 



took the lead. In the notice sent out 
in June she said there would be a 
meeting of the descendants of Thomas 
and Hannah Dustin on October 14, 
1905. In turning up the calendar 
she had looked at September 14 
which came Thursday instead of 
Saturday as did October 14. She 
came from California and hired the 
vestry of the Congregational church 
on Main Street, Haverhill, Mass., 
and had another notice of the meeting 
printed by Chase Brothers, and sent 
out to all whose address she had; also 
had a notice of the meeting in the 
Haverhill paper, as well as several 
others in Xew Hampshire and Mass- 
achusetts. 

Mrs. Dustin Watson wrote and had 
printed and paid all expenses of 
postage and place of meeting and 
entertained at the Bartlett Hotel, 
Main Street, a score of descendants, 
and was more than paid by the hearty 
cooperation of many of the descend- 
ants she had not before heard of or 
known. 

The notice of the annual meeting 
is now sent to one or more thousands 
of the descendants, living in every 
state of the Union and in Canada — 
a flourishing and successful posterity 
of honored ancestors. The meetings 
have so far been in October at Haver- 
hill, Mass.,* where T. and H. Dustin 
were married, in 1677, and where all 
their children (13) were born and 
where the children (9) that lived to 
grow up were married and in time 
moved across the line to the adjoin- 
ing towns of Xew Hampshire, Mass- 
achusetts, Maine and Vermont. 

The Dustin Historic and Genealog- 
ical Society, organized October 14, 
1905 by M. D. P. Watson, appointed 
E. W. 13. Taylor and Leonard Smith 
a committee to cany out their in- 
structions in regard to marking this 
same site with a boulder. However, 
there being a small balance left in the 
bank from the early society, organized 
in 1856, of nineteen dollars ($19), 
which the Haverhill Savings Bank 
had not the authority to pay to the 



Hannah Duston Memorials 



209 



new association. Mr. E. W, B. Taylor 
consulted legal authority for the 
right way to draw the money from 
the bank, which had accumulated 
from 819 to over one hundred and 
fifty dollars ($150). Mr. Ryan, the 
attorney consulted, said the only 
legal way was to revive the Monu- 
ment Society, which could be done, if 
five of the original members could be 
found to call a meeting. Mrs. Wat- 
son of Deny Village wrote and had 
printed a notice requesting that any 
one who remembered the Dust in 
Monument Society and contributed 
to the same should send name and 
address to M. D. P. Watson. Bartlett 
Hotel. 

Mr. Tavlor knew of Amos .Hazel- 
tine, 13S7 Broadway, Haverhill, Mass. ; 
Miss Sarah M. Kelley, Harriet Dustin 
Hum, 15 Central Street, Bradford; 
Mr. Oliver Taylor and Mr. and Mrs. 
Samuel W. Hopkinson, 14 Church 
Street, Bradford: Mrs. Charles But- 
ters, Alain Street, Airs. Dr. Crowell, 
Winter Street, Miss Duncan, 5 Sum- 
mer Street, Haverhill, Mass.; Airs. 
Thomas Dustin (Alary Dustin Wat- 
son), and about a dozen others. Two 
of the original certificates were found. 
A meeting was called, signed by a 
dozen or more of the original Dustin 
Alonument Society, incorporated in 
1856 by special act of the Alassachu- 
setts Legislature, and no meeting of 
which had been held since the death of 
the last person, Air. J. Duncan. This 
meeting was called for November 15, 
1907, and was the only legally called 
meeting for some fifty years. The 
reorganization meeting elected Samuel 
W. Hopkinson, chairman and Alary 
D. P. Watson, secretary. These offi- 
cers were made permanent and a 
board of directors elected who signed 
an order on the bank for the money. 

There were about two hundred 
present. A partial list of Dustin 
descendants at the first meeting called 
by Mary D. P. Watson for the for- 
mation of the Thomas and Hannah 
Dustin Historical and Genealogical 
Society, October 14, 1905, at Center 



Church, Haverhill, Alass., has been 
preserved. 

Officers elected at this meeting 
were:— President M. D. P. Watson, 
Deny Village; Airs. C. AI. Kilgore 
and C. E. Duston, secretaries. Other - 
vice-presidents were — •William Dustin 
Brickett, E. W. B. Taylor, and Airs. 
George W. Whitten, Haverhill, Alass.; 
Monroe Dustin, Washington, Kansas; 
Aloses S. Page, Alelrose, Alass.; J. K. 
Dustin, Gloucester. Alass. ; Airs. 
Thorn. L. W. Tavlor, Alethuen, Alass.; 
Samuel 'T. Page, Haverhill, N. II. ; 
Airs. Porter Croy, Haverhill, Alass.; 
S. L. Swasey, Concord, X. H.; R. C. 
Parsons, Derby Line,Vt. 

The reorganized Dustin Alonu- 
ment Society appointed Air. Leonard 
W. Smith and Air. E. W. B. Taylor a 
committee to act in the same capacity 
as they were acting for the Genealogi- 
cal and Historical Society, and it was 
voted to invite that Society to join 
the monument association if they 
chose. The committee, mostly 
through Air. Taylor's efforts, suc- 
ceeded in finding a magnificent boulder 
on Bradley's Brook, and at an expense 
of several hundred dollars in laying a 
foundation of many barrels of cement 
and paying for, and having the boulder 
moved several miles, from where it- 
has rested since the glacial age left it, 
and placed to mark the site of the 
home established by Thomas and 
Hannah W. (Emerson) Dustin in 1677 
and from which she was taken captive 
by the Indians, 1697. 

In locating the Dustin Alonument 
lot of 1861, in order to place the 
boulder in 1907, as the original deed 
could not be found, the corner was 
located from the best information at 
hand, assisted by Air. Pieuben F. 
James who has owned the adjoining 
land for many years. In June, 1908, 
a further search of the records at 
Salem resulted in the discovery of the 
record of the original deed and the lot 
was again located, slightly different 
from the location of 1907, and granite 
bounds were set at three corners on 
Julv 11, 1908. A drill hole in the 



210 



The Granite Monthly 



culvert marks the southeast corner 
of the lot. and a ditch marks the 
easterly boundary. All the corners 
were located and marked in a manner 
satisfactory to Mr. James. The 
monument is not located in the center 
of the lot, but is placed on the highest 
part, toward the northwest corner. 

From the records U appears that 
the lot was purchased from Richard 
Kimball, October 15, 1855, for the 
sum of $40. The sale was made to 
Charles Corliss, George Coffin, M. G. 
J. Emery, Darnel Webster, T. J. 
Goodrich, John Carleton, John W. 
Kimball, Ezra B. Welch, J. V. Smiley, 
George Corliss, and Xuma Sargent 
of Haverhill, and Obadiah Duston of 
Salem, New Hampshire, as directors 
of the Dustin Monument Association. 
The lot measures eight rods wide on 
the front and rear, nine rods by the 
ditch on the easterly side, and eleven 
rods on the westerly side. It con- 
tains about one-half acre. 

In 1879, through the generosity of 
the late Hon. E. J. M. Hale, a new 
monument in memory of Mrs. Duston 
was erected in City Hall Park, Haver- 
hill, the following newspaper account 
of the presentation, published at the 
time, being submitted as of present 
interest : 

Several weeks since a communication was 
received in the Board of Aldermen from a 
gentleman who expressed the wish that his 
name be for the time withheld, for permission 
to erect a Duston monument, a drawing for 
which was submitted, on City Hall Park, and 
the proposition was of course accepted with 
an eagerness which defied the spirit of appre- 
ciation. The foundation was duly laid, and 
last Saturday a handsome granite pedestal 
surmounted by a bronze statue was placed 
in position and veiled. 

The ceremony of presentation occurred on 
the following Tuesday afternoon with a brief 
programme, simulating little of ceremony and 
ostentation, but much of courtesy, veneration 
and gratitude which was in fit keeping with 
the way in which it was given. 

At 2.30 o'clock the members of the City 
Government proceeded to the Park in front 
of the monument, and Mayor Kimbal] said: 



"We meet here today as representatives of 
the City of Haverhill, to accept in her behalf, 
the gift of a statue, erected to the memory of 
one of her daughters (Hannah Duston), and 
it gives me great pleasure to submit to you the 
following communication from the generous 
donor." 

To His Honor the Mayor, and the City Council 
of the City of Haverhill: 

It has ever been a characteristic of the 
human mind and heart in all ages in all times 
to do honor to acts of high daring and bravery. 

The early history of Haverhill, which for 
seventy years was a frontier town, tells us of 
many cases of savage cruelty perpetrated by 
the Indians upon its first settlers, and of the 
sufferings and hardships endured by our an- 
cestors. 

Connected with those early times the name 
of Hannah Duston will ever stand prominent 
in the annals of the early history of Haverhill, 
her native place, for her bold and daring act 
in the slaying of her murderous captors at 
Contoocook' Island, and her escape — an act 
unsurpassed for intrepidity and heroism in any 
age of the world. 

And we deem it eminently fitting to erect, 
this monument to the memory of her heroic- 
name and character upon this spot, set apart 
as a public park by our forefathers in the early 
history of the town. 

This monument is erected in honor of 
Hannah Duston, and presented to my native 
town in order to keep alive and perpetuate in 
the minds of all here, and of all those who 
shall come after us, the remembrance of her 
courage and undaunted valor, and the patient 
endurance and fortitude of our ancestors, and 
to animate our hearts with noble ideas and 
patriotic feelings. 

E. J. M. Hale. 

Haverhill, Xov. 25, 1S79. 

After the reading of this communication, 
C. W. Morse, Esq., President of the Common 
Council, offered the following Resolutions in 
behalf of the City of Haverhill in the accept- 
ance of the gift: 

CITY OF HAYEKI1ILL 

November 2,5, 1879. 
City Council in Convention assembled — ■ 
Resolved. That the thanks of the Mayor 
and City Council in behalf of the citizens of 
Haverhill are due and are hereby tendered 
to our fellow citizen, Hon. E. J. M. Hale, for 
the magnificent gift of a monument and statue 
in memory of Hannah Duston, presented this 
day. This gift adds another to the long list 
already received from him for literary, benev- 
olent and patriotic purposes, and evinces his 
continued interest in all that relates to the 
prosperity and well-being of our city. The 
citizens of Haverhill fully appreciate the liber- 



Hannah Dustcri Memorial? 



211 



ality and public spirit exhibited by these oft 
repeated donations, and gladly acknowledge 
their thanks and obligations for the same. 

Resolved, That the Mayor and City Council 
agree with the sentiments expressed m the 
communications of Mr. Hale of the impor- 
tance of perpetuating the remembrance of 
deeds of courage and endurance, and we cheer- 
fully render tribute of admiration to our pat- 
riotic ancestors and especially to the memory 
of Hannah Duston whose fortitude and brav- 
ery have gained her lasting fame. May this 
enduring bronze tend to keep in remembrance 
her acts of heroism, and serve as an incentive 
to der'ds of valor and patriotism to all suc- 
ceeding generations. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions 



bronzed reliefs set in raised panels. The re- 
liefs are eighteen inches high and two feet in 
length. The front relief represents the cap- 
ture and departure of Mrs. Dustin and Mary 
Xcff from the house, the latter despairingly 
carrying the child. Above is the inscription, 
,l Hannah Dustin/' in large, bold letters, and 
beneath, "was captured by the Indians in 
Haverhill, the place of her nativity, March 
15, 1097." The one on the right side repre- 
sents her husband defending the retreating 
children, beneath which is an appropriate in- 
scription. On the back it represents the 



J* 






- : 

■ v. 



Present Hannah Duston Monument, Haverhill, Mass. 



be transmitted to Mr. Hale, and the same, 
together with the communication from him, 
be entered in file on the records of the city. 

DESCRIPTION OF THE MONUMENT 

The monument, which consists of a bronze 
statue and granite pedestal with four bronze 
reliefs, making the height fifteen feet, was de- 
signed and executed by Mr. C. H. Weeks, 
sculptor, of this city. 

The pedestal, of Rockport granite, is com- 
posed of bottom base, second base, die and 
cap, the last of which projects with a circum- 
scribed border of chiseled moulding. On each 
of the four lateral sides of the die, the faces of 
which are three feet, eight inches square, are 



slaying of her captors at Contoocook Island, 
March 30, 1697, and escape, with explanatory 
inscription, and the relief on the left portrays 
her return down the river, in a canoe with her 
associates, and beneath, as in the others, an 
inscription. On the bottom base is the date: 
"Erected *A. D. 1879." On the cap are en- 
graved the words, "C. H. Weeks, sculptor." 
The whole conception bears a studied and 
striking fidelity to the circumstances. The 
position of the statue, which is six feet in 
height, represents Mrs. Duston just before the 
tragedy, with an expression of heroic resolu- 
tion on the face. The body is inclining for- 
ward, as imagination would picture her giving 



212 



The Granite Monthly 



directions to her confederates and assigning 
them their parts in the work, while one hand 
is outstretched toward the sleeping savages 
and the other grasping a tomahawk. The 
eye is full of noble courage, which expresses 
thoughts of home and a tremor to escape the 
terrible crudities and indignities she felt were 
awaiting her captivity, rather than revenge, 
which actuated the daring undertaking. The 
habiliments are a loose gown girded about 
the waist and but one foot is covered, as it is 
represented that the Indians hurried her from 
the house but partially clothed. The hair 
falls loosely on the shoulders. In the relief 
representing the slaying, Mrs. Dustin is 
shown in a like position on the left, the boy, 
Samuel Leonardson in the center, and Mary 
XeiT on the right, each armed with an Indian's 
tomahawk, ready to strike the blow for liberty 
or despair. The savages sleep soundly and 
an awful suspense and stillness seems to 
prevail. 

Mr. Weeks began his task last January, and 
since that time has been at work assiduously 
in his studio, modeling the statue and reliefs. 
The model for the statue was finished in Au- 
gust, soon followed by the reliefs, and were 
cast by the Ames Manufacturing Company of 
Chicopee. It is recognized by all critics as 
a finished and perfect work of art, and adds 
another triumph to the works which have 
come from Mr. Weeks' hands, one of which 
is our splendid Soldier's Monument. 



On December 30, 1909, the city of 
Haverhill ordered the use of a part of 
a public landing at the "West End/' 
one hundred and fifty-two feet on 
the street, for the purpose of marking 
the spot where Hannah Du-sto.il landed 
on her return home from captivity. 
A mill-stone was placed thereon. 

On January first, 1910, the Haver- 
hill Water Works granted to the Asso- 
ciation land at the corner of Kenoza 
Avenue and Concord Street, one hun- 
dred feet square with permission to 
erect a monument on the same. A 
mill-stone has been placed on the 
above named lot. 

On July 10, 1911, it was ordered by 
the city of Haverhill that the school- 
house on Monument Street be here- 
after known as the "Hannah Duston 



School." It was ordered by the city 
of Haverhill that the last Wednesday 
in each school year be set aside as a 
day to be known as "Hannah Duston 
Day," in that school building. 

It is stated in an early history of 
Nashua that the first house reached by 
Mrs. Dustin, on her return home 
down the river, was that of John 
Lovewell, father of Captain Love- 
well, on the north side of Salmon 
Brook. Mr. Lovewell was one of the 
early settlers of Dunstable, the south- 
ern portion of Nashua. Matthew 
Thornton Chapter, D. A. R., has 
erected a marker on the site. It is 
claimed, in some accounts, that she 
had previously stopped in Merrimack, 
at the place where John Cromwell 
had built the first house in that town, 
about a mile below what in now 
Thornton's Ferry, hoping to find him, 
but the house had long before been 
destroyed bv'the Indians and Crom- 
well had fled. 

She is reputed, also, to have been 
entertained at the house of Colonel 
Tyng, in Tyngsboro, Mass., below 
Nashua. This old house is of much 
historic interest, and has been an 
object of attention for a century and 
a half or more. Colonel Tyng was 
a notable character in his days and a 
friend of Wonolancet, the Indian 
chieftain, who is said to have been 
buried in the Tyng Cemetery, near 
the house. 

On a large boulder near the mansion, 
the Colonial Dames have placed a 
tablet bearing this inscription: 

In this place lived during his last 
years and died in 1696 Wonolancet, 
last Sachem of the Merrimack Ind- 
ians, son of Passaconaway, like his 
father a faithful friend of the early 
New England Colonists. Placed by 
the Massachusetts Society of Colo- 
nial Dames. 

New Hampshire has also done her 
part in honoring the memory of Mrs. 
Dustin. When the original survey 
was made of land granted to Dart- 
mouth College, by the State of New 
Hampshire, the mountain on the 
reservation was named "Dustin 



Hannah Dust on Memorials 



213 



Mountain," suggested by men prom- 
inent in the first college buildings at 

Hanover, N. H., one of whom was a 
Dustin descendant and bore the name 
of Dust in. 

The citizens of New Hampshire 
have also commemorated the deed 
of Mrs. Dustin, and the Granite State 
shares with Massachusetts in the glory 
of the bravery of this pioneer settler. 
The island in the Merrimack River 
where the Indians were kilted was 
chosen as a fitting spot to erect a 
monument to her memory. In 1874, 
five years before the Haverhill monu- 
ment was erected, the citizens of Pena- 
cook, near the site of the Indian camp, 
contributed toward the erection of a 
suitable monument. The island on 
which it stands is connected with the 
mainland by highway and railroad 
bridges. The monument is of Con- 
cord granite. It represents Mrs. 
Dustin holding a tomahawk in one 
hand and grasping a number of scalps 
in the other. The pedestal is eighteen 
feet high, and the entire height of the 
monument is twenty-five feet. It 
was unveiled June 17, 1871. The 
inscriptions are carved on three sides 
of the pedestal, that on the west side 
being as follows: 

Hcroum Gesta 

Fides. Just it ia 

Hannah Dustin 

Mary Neil 

Samuel Leonardson. 

Mareh 30, 1697. 

Midnight, 

Opposite, on the east side, are these 
words: 

March 

15 1097 30 

The War-Whoop Tomahawk 

Faggot and Infanticides 

Were at Haverhill. 

The Ashes of the Campfires at Xight 

and Ten of the Tribe 

are Here. 

The souther]}- side has the following 
extraordinary inscription, which has 
called out much comment: 

Statua 

1874. 
Know ye that we with many plant it : 
In trust to the state we give and grant it, 



IT 



That the tide of men may never cant 

Xor mar nor sever; 
That pilgrims here may heed the mothers. 
That truth and faith and all the others. 
With banners high in glorious colors, 

May stand forever. 



The Dustin burial lot in the old Pen- 
tucket cemetery, Haverhill, Mass., 
has been graded and laid down to 
grass and a park hi id out behind it. 

When Hannah Duston was taken 



M 



i m 



z**^' 






■ ■■• a 



Hannah Duston Monument, Penacook, N.H. 

by the Indians she had been the 
mother of twelve children, four had 
died previously, the father saved 
seven, the twelfth child, a baby of six 
days was killed by the savage cap- 
tors before commencing the weari- 
some march. After Mrs. Duston' s 
return from captivity a thirteenth 
child, a daughter, named Lydia, was 
born. The eight children lived to 
grow up, all "married and left large 
families of boys and girls, consequently 
a numerous posterity is scattered not 
only throughout New England but 



214 



The Granite Monthly 



from the Atlantic to the Pacific Coast. 
Many articles owned by the original 
Duston family are in existence, some 
in these different families and others 
in the possession of the Haverhill 
Historical Society. 

Numerous New Hampshire town 
histories have references to Mrs. 
Duston. The History of Hancock 
gives the story of her heroism, as told 
by her great-grandson, David K. 
Duston. who had it many times from 
his father. 

The History of Candia mentions 
Moses Duston, Captain in Colonel 
Ried's Regiment, in 1778, and in 
attendance at a court martial at 
Springfield, Mass., and at Charles- 



town, N. H., in 1781, as a great- 
grandson of Hannah Duston. 

The History of Antrim speaks of 
Zachacus Dust in, great -great-grand- 
son of Hannah, as having had some 
of her wearing apparel, which is still 
in possession of some of the descen- 
dants. 

The History of Francestown says: 
''Thomas Duston or Dust in, originally 
written Durston, lived in Haverhill, 
Mass., as early as 1676; came from 
Dover, N.. H. ? and was the son of 
Thomas. Pie married Hannah Emer- 
son (whose mother, Hannah Webster 
was a sister of the ancestor of Daniel 
Webster), Dec. 3, 1677, and had 13 
children." 



TO C. E. WHITON-STONE 

By Benjamin C. Woodbury 

Like to some lofty, snow-capped mountain peak 

Sun-crowned, above the slopes where mist clouds rest, 
Where eagle circles round her dizzy nest, 

Within that azure realm the true hearts seek 

Where no doubt quails, no petty fault, nor weak, 
Where soulless form but seeks maternal breast, 
Where hope its own, within its arms is pressed, 

Then on and on, beyond all earthly reek. 

A realm where soaring soul more light, more free 
Than body, form, or trammeled earthly clay, 

In which no sound, or beat of fitful sea. 

No darksome night, no shadow by the way, 

But rest long sought, one vast eternity, 
And just the calm of bright ethereal day. 



thou, who joyful in thy heaven dreams 
Wilt beckon faintly from the land of bliss, 
Tho' thou art gone to join the host we miss 

Divinest Singer, when the vision seems 

So sweet, why moan : the twilight gleams 
Fade into night; the sunlight's kiss 
Awakes the morn, for thee and This — 

The universe, untimed to-morrow beams. 

Brief dream of life, each day a dream, a year, 
Whose brief concourse but dulls the bitter sting, 

To him the crown who easteth out all fear; 
Dreamer, as thy songs forever sing 

Falls gently from the lid of time a tear 

For thee who soaring brushed an angel's wing. 



.X 



PIONEERS OF LITTLE HARBOR AND 

VICINITY 



Bij J. M. Moses 



Brewster's ''Rambles about Ports- 
mouth" was called by Professor E. 
D. Sanborn one of the best books ever 
printed in Xew Hampshire. Two 
generations of delighted readers have 
confirmed this estimate, and it is not 
likely th.it any later history of the 
place will supersede it, or surpass it 
in general interest and value. 

As a history of Portsmouth, how- 
ever, it leaves much to be desired. It 
is not infallibly correct, though on 
that score most other historians have 
reason to refrain from throwing stones. 
Of family history it has little, com- 
pared with later local histories, though 
genealogical data are most abundant 
in the city and church records, and 
still mostly imprinted. In antiqua- 
rian matters, especially the locations 
of the early settlers, a more extended 
account is now possible, thanks to the 
indexing of the state records. 

A treatment of the history of the 
land, like that in Stackpole's "Old 
Kittery," would be of great interest, 
and will no doubt sometime be made; 
though- as yet Portsmouth lags be- 
hind the other Piscataqua settlements 
in the publication of the particulars 
of its history. Hence the charitable 
contributions of an outsider. 

First, an outline of leading facts, 
as given by historians. Odiorne's 
Point was settled by David Thomp- 
son in 1623. About 1626 he removed 
to Thompson's Island, in Boston 
Harbor, and some think Odiorne's 
Point was deserted from then till 
1630. Edward Hilton settled on 
Dover Point, probably in 1623. cer- 
tainly before 1630, and, as this set- 
tlement was continuously maintained, 
a strong claim is made that it should 
be regarded as the first permanent 
settlement. 

It is admitted that the first white 
child was born at Odiorne's Point, 



and that a house ma}' have been first 
completed there. The Colonial Dames 
have set a monument near the sup- 
posed place of landing. 

With the coming of Mason's com- 
pany, in 1630, Odiorne's Point be- 
came the center and point of depart- 
ure for Masonian operations. From 
the "Great House" there, in 1645, 
Henry Sherburne ran a ferry to Great 
Island, now Newcastle, which was 
then ahead of Portsmouth; to Howe's, 
just north of the mouth of Sagamore 
Creek, where a little settlement was 
growing up; to Strawberrybank, 
where was another "Great House," 
the beginning of Portsmouth city: 
and to the other side of the Piscataqua. 
A cemetery was established, where 
the earliest pioneers, including Am- 
brose Gibbons, were buried. About 
forty graves can now be distinguished, 
none of them inscribed. As late as 
1666 Thomas Walford, in his will, 
directed that he should be buried 
"in the burying-place, neare Mr. 
Henry Shirburne's." 

The loss of the first book of Ports- 
mouth records leaves the history of 
the first generation shrouded in great 
darkness, though considerable has 
been written from such data as could 
be obtained. By the middle of the 
seventeenth century Portsmouth land 
grants and recorded deeds begin to 
throw light. The following fragmen- 
tary notes, from these sources, may 
be of interest till something better is 
offered. 

John Odiorne bought a house and 
land in Portsmouth of Oliver Trim- 
mings in 1656, which was the year 
when Oliver's wife, Susannah, pro- 
fessed to have been so grievously 
be witched by Goody Walford. Doubt- 
less they went to some place where 
there was better protection against 
witches. In 1660 John Odiorne had 



21(3 



The Granite Monthly 



one acre of land in possession, and 
had forty-two acres more allotted 
him. April 1, 1661, he had a house 
next a marsh "in the Little Harbor 
on the other side of the creek*' from 
south-west corner of Newcastle. He 
was evidently south of Little Harbor 
bay, or of Sagamore Creek, in 1671 
and afterwards. 

In addition to what is given in the 
Odiorne genealogy, it can be stated 
that John had a daughter, Mary, who 
married John Swaine, mariner, of 
Newcastle, and that both of them were 
dead in 1703, leaving sons, John and 
Richard, of whom Richard was a 
pioneer in Barrington, with many 
descendants. 

Down the coast a little from 
Odiorne 's Point, and extending back 
to Cold Pond, was the farm of James 
Johnson, who, with wife Mary, No- 
vember 6, 1660, sold it to George 
Wallis, " sometime of Newfoundland." 
April 1, 1661, Johnson bought the 
house and an acre of land that had 
been the borne of Alexander and Ann 
Batchelder, in Newcastle, about where 
the Wentworth Hotel now stands. 
Eight acres had been laid out here to 
Alexander Batchelder, November 19, 
1658, the bounds being recorded as 
follows : 

-"From south-west at the water- 
side nearest the east end of his old pale 
to a great pine tree north-east, marked, 
about 33 rod or pole, & from thence 
north-west west to the waterside, 
with the neck of land & meadow called 
formerlie by the name of humphrey's 
poynt, he purchasing the mcadov of 
Jeremiah Walford." A lot here had 
been granted to Batchelder, August 
11, 1651. 

Batchelder and wife were dead in 
1661, leaving a son, John. Johnson 
was dead in 1678, leaving widow "Mary 
and daughters Mary and Hannah, 
wives of John Odiorne and Thomas 
Jackson, who heired a consider- 
able estate on the south shore of 
Newcastle. 

♦ George Wallis was born, by deposi- 
tion, about 1619. He was" dead in 



1685, leaving widow, Eleanor, sons. 
William, George and Caleb, a daugh- 
ter, Honor, and two others, that 
were wives of Walter Randall and 
James Berrv. The son Caleb was 
probably the Caleb Wallis (1668- 
1714) of Beverly, Mass. The other 
two sons divided the farm between 
them, George, Jr., taking land that 
adjoined James Randall. 

This James Randall, carpenter, 
had bought of Joseph Mason, July 
20, I.6685 a house in Little Harbor, 
and land to reach from said house to 
the Sandy Beach, about a mile and a 
half. Randall was there in 1678, 
1688, and onward. June 3, 1691, he 
agreed with the second George Wallis 
on the boundary between their lands. 
The record of this agreement, if not 
very illuminating to a reader who has 
not visited the place, at least shows 
the contiguity of the Randall, Wallis 
and Odiorne farms. It is as follows: 

''Beginning at a stake drove down 
by the Neke side at the west end of 
said Wallis' marsh, from thence on a 
straight line on the westerly side of a 
point of upland to a red oak, marked, 
standing on the west side of the path 
that goes from Wallis' now dwelling- 
house clown to the Randduo, and 
from the red oak round as the path 
goeth down to the landing place by 
•John Odiorne's stage, & on the north- 
west side of said Wallis' gate." 

"And the bounds between said 
Randall and said Wallis on the south- 
east side of said Wallis' land takes its 
beginning at the highway at the north- 
west corner of said Randall's, thence 
on a straight line down to a rock at the 
seaside, where Johnson's fence for- 
merly was." 

As some very erroneous Wallis 
genealogy is in print, I will give a 
little that I have proved. William 
Wallis married Jane Drake, Decem- 
ber 15, 1673. Eebruary 11, 1722-3 
he deeded his estate, all he owned ''be- 
tween Odiorne's Point and Sandy 
Beach," to his son, Samuel, mention- 
ing two daughters, Jane, wife of 
Stephen- Lang, and Sarah, wife of 



Pioneers of Little Harbor and Vicinity 



217 



Joshua Foss. He probably was father 
of William Wallis of Greenland; 

Samuel AYaliis, June 4. 1732, had 
wife, Hannah, daughter of William 
Seavey. He died in 1741, leaving 
four sons: Samuel, who married Mary 
Moses, and lived on the homestead; 
Ebenezer, who left no children; 
George, who settled in Epsom, where 
he had many descendants; and Wil- 
liam, who married Comfort Cotton, 
and had sons, Samuel, William (of 
Northwood), and Spencer. 

George Wallis, second, married, 
November IS, 16S6, Ann Shortridge. 
Both deeded in 1719. Pie was dead 
in 1726, leaving only one son, Caleb, 
an idiot, for whose support provision 
was made. There, were daughters, 
Ann, wife of Abraham Barnes, Mary, 
second wife of Benjamin Seavey, 
Esther, wife, of Nathaniel Berry, 
Deborah, wife of Christopher Scheg- 
gel, and Hannah, wife of Edward 
Randall. 

The salt marshes were the great 
attraction to settlers agriculturally 
inclined. They yielded a kind of hay 
on which cattle throve well, in a region 
not very favorable to grass production. 
The high value of marsh, compared 
with upland, is shown by inventories. 
That of the estate of Walter Abbott, 
dated June 18, 1G67, has the follow- 
ing appraisals: "80 acres land near 
James Gate's, 50 pounds; 57 acres 
by the Great Swamp, 30 pounds; 7 
acres salt marsh at Great House, 35 
pounds. 7 ' The marshes near Odiorne's 
Point and Concord Point determined 
the locations of the first farmers of Rye, 
which was then called Sandy Beach. 
This name was applied to all the land 
between Sandy Beach, proper, and 
Sagamore Creek; but it did not go 
below Rye Harbor, where it met the 
north line of Hampton. 

South of Sagamore Creek the first 
small creek was called Sherburne's 
creek, and the next, Seavey's, the 
upper end of which is now called 
Berry's brook, which has its source 
near the southern Greenland rail- 
road station. The creek at Concord 



Point was sometimes called Little 
River. 

January 31, 1648, there was granted 
io William Berry " a lott upon the neck 
of land upon the south side of the 
littell River at the Sandie beach," 
and to Robert Pudington a lot on the 
north side the river. 

Compare this with the Xew Hamp- 
shire State Papers, Vol. 31, page 800, 
where, June 13, 1717. "Wee, James 
Berry, son of William Berry of sandy 
beech, decease!, & John Berry & 
Joshua ffoss, Grand children of the 
said Win. Berry, deceasd, "divide 
into six equal parts "the Neck of 
land Granted the said Wm. Berry 
about Sixty [seventy?] years since, 
and in our possession Ever Since sd 
Wm. Berry Deccas'd." The plot an- 
nexed shows the location of William 
Berry's house and barn. 

July 10, 1618, Berry had sold An- 
tony Ellins his house and eight acres 
in Portsmouth, perhaps east of South 
Mill, as the land there was later 
called Antony Ellins' Neck. Before 
going to Sandy Beach he probably 
lived near William Seavey, as a rec- 
ord of March 17, 1653, refers to Wil- 
liam Berry's "ould house, that is by 
William Sevy's," and also to "his 
house upon the necke." 

He was dead June 28, 1654, leaving 
widow, Jane. His children are said to 
have been, John, Joseph, James, Wil- 
liam, and Elizabeth, wife of John 
Locke. Apparently there was another 
daughter, who was mother of Joshua 
Eoss. 

March 31, 1650, Anthony Brackett, 
planter, sold William Cotton his 
homestead at the head of Salt Creek. 
August 13, 1649, there had been 
granted Brackett "a lott bet wen 
Robert Pudington and William Berry 
at the head of the Sandie beach fresh 
River at the wester branch tharof." 
He had a house there in 1653. He 
was killed by the Indians about 1691. 

His daughter Eleanor married, De- 
cember 26, 1661, John Johnson, born, 
by deposition, in 1637. They re- 
moved in 1668 from Newcastle to 



21S 



The Granite Monthly 



Greenland, where they had many 
descendants. Of this family undoubt- 
edly was the Joanna Johnson that 
married; April 27, 1692, John Kate; 
a name which has twice been printed 
John Kase. I am assured by expert 
authority it is Kate in the original. 
This was Deacon John Gate of Green- 
land. He married, November 29, 
1710, Judith Emmons, who could not 
have been the mother of the elder 
children. John. William, Eleazar and 
Rosamond, as implied in the Gate 
genealogy. 

A lot containing twenty acres of 
upland and eight acres of meadow, 
apparently near Anthony Brackett.'s, 
was laid out March 17, 1653, to Francis 
Rand. He was evidently in this 
vicinity in 1671 and 168S. His will, 
dated December 31, 1689, mentioned 
wife, Christian, sons. Thomas, Sam- 
uel (with wife Mary), John and Na- 
thaniel, and daughters, Sarah Herrick 
and Mary Barns; also upland and 
marsh adjoining Anthony Bracket!. 

March 20, 1656, there were meas- 
ured out to Nathaniel Drake "fouer 
ackers at the sandy beach at the far- 
ther eand thearof, which was to him 
granted formerly, which bounds doth 
extend from the norther end of his 
ould field, and doth extend toward the 
Creek's mouth." As his "ould field" 
was probably near his home, we may 
place him south of Concord Point, a 
neighbor to William Berry, whose 
widow he is said to have married. 

April 27, 1691, Nathaniel Drake, 
aged 78, and Abram Drake, aged 
about 70, testified about the family 
of John Bland, saying that he came 
from Colchester, England, and that 
they had known his daughter Isabel 
from childhood. A clue to the Eng- 
lish origin of the Drakes. 

The Seaveys lived on opposite sides 
of the Seavey's creek; William on the 
north side, with land extending prob- 
ably to Sherburne's creek, Thomas 
on the south side. Near them, on 
land that had been William Berry's, 
probably in his "ould house, 7 ' lived 
Richard Tucker, who, with George 



Clecve, had made the first settlement 
in Portland. Maine, in 1633. A mon- 
ument has been erected there to their 
memory. After some years Tucker 
left Portland and came to Portsmouth, 
where he was selectman in 1654. He 
died in 1679, over eighty-five years 
old, survived by wife Margaret. 

The following, from the Provincial 
Court Papers, dated October 5, 1686, 
throws light on locations. 

''The deposition of John Moses, 
aged sea vent y years or thereabout. 
This deponant saith that some time a- 
bout three or four years before Mr. 
Richard Tucker was lost: he the said 
Tucker being at the hous of this de- 
ponant, this deponant did then ask 
the said Tucker whether or no he had 
any assurance of the place wlierin 
he then dwelt: which was a hous 
standing upon the land which lyeth 
on the south side of the Creeck which 
is between William Seavy's and 
Thomas Seavy's, sometimes in the 
hands of William Berry deseaced, 
which is opposite against the hous of 
William Seavey: and this deponant 
testifieth that the said Tucker re- 
plied I have no assurance: you know 
the bargain as well as my Self: 1 was 
to have the place as long as I and my 
wife do live: and this is the whole 
truth to the best of this deponant's 
knowledge"- 

As early as March 4, 1646, it was 
voted that John Sherburne should 
have a house-lot "at the head of the 
creek betwene William Sevy and 
Henry Sherborn." In 1658 John Sher- 
burne bought at the Plains, where he 
settled, and where descendants of his 
still live. 

March 20, 1656, it was voted "that 
no man shall take mony for ferryage 
from goodman Sherborne's neck to the 
Great Island, nor from goodman 
Johnson." "Sherborne's neck," I 
judge to have been the same as San- 
der's Point, from which the bridge 
- now goes to the Wentworth Hotel. 

January 29, 1677-8, Henry Sher- 
borne deeded his son John ''all the 
tract of land called Sander's Point, 



TwMgM 



219 



about three acres, "with twenty-six 
acres adjoining"; also "my dwelling- 
house, in which I now live," etc., 
with the land "lying near Little Har- 
bor by the Piscataqua River, bounded 
east by the said Little Harbor, north 
with land of Tobias Lear, south with 
the creek commonly called Sher- 
burne's creek, and so up the creek till 
it comes to the place commonly called 
the old house, then northward to To- 
bias Lear's land, having on the west 
side thereof a piece of land which I 
have given my son Samuel for main- 
taining my daughter Rebecca." 

An article of mine in the Granite 
Monthly of November, 1913. treated 
of the settlers north of Sagamore 
Creek. On page 367 I am convinced 
that the footnote is right, rather than 



the text. The original Crowder- 
Jackson farm extended from the Bun- 
king (later Wentworth) farm westward 
along Salt Creek to the little inlet 
next west of the bridge to Belle Isle, 
running back far enough to make 
twenty-five or thirty acres. It was 
enlarged by further grants on the 
south. John Locke's eight acres ad- 
joined the west side of the little in- 
let, on the east side of which were the 
two acres sold by the Jacksons to 
John Wyatt (whose widow married 
Nathan White). John Jones's land 
adjoined John Locke's on the west. 
In 1663 the hinterlands of John Jack- 
son and John Jones adjoined each 
other, and extended to within eighty 
rods of Sagamore Creek. (N. H. 
Deeds 2-1 10b.) 



TWILIGHT 

By Mary Alice Divyer 

The sun has sunk far o'er the meadows, 
'And the cricket chirps from the lea, 

As I wander alone in the woodland. 

And my thoughts turn to love and to thee. 

I can see you in fancy's picture, 
As you look in your dimity gown, 

And 1 take in my own your soft fingers, 
Tinted a delicate brown. 



And as the twilight deepens, 

And o'erhead the stars appear, 
I enfold you in my arms, love, 

And tell you that story, dear. 

But as night winds fan my brow, love, 
.They bring to my cheeks a caress, 

And the perfume of old-fashioned roses, 
From the grave near my feet, where you rest. 

Your arms cling no longer about me, 

Your phantom dissolves into air, 
And I stand alone in the starlight, 

An old man, with silvery hair. 



TO THE END OF THE ROAD 



By Shirley W. Harvey 



"But maybe it hasn't an end," I 
objected. 

"Yes, it has, right up on the tip- 
pity-top of that hill, clear way, way 
lip — and I want to go there." 

Nibs and I were standing at the 
foot of the path from the house, 
debating the route of our regular 
afternoon walk. Xibs was an adopted 
relation of mine, about six years old. 
In reality he belonged to an old 
college chum whom I was visiting. 
1 had adopted Xibs, for 1 was some- 
what short of relatives of that caliber; 
and Nibs had adopted me, as a child 
adopts everything that comes into 
its path and happens to take its fancy, 
without question or reservation. We 
were accustomed to spend much of 
the day together, and our afternoon 
rambles were a part of our regular 
program, only of late it had become 
something of a problem to decide 
where to go. Nibs was beginning to 
want to go to the end of things. On 
this particular afternoon he had ex- 
pressed a wish, which promptly grew 
into a resolution, to go to the end of 
the road winding up over the hill 
behind the house. I knew it didn't 
have an end, and Nibs knew it did, 
and he wanted to go there. He stood 
defiantly faced in the direction of the 
alluring road, rubbing the back of 
his hand up and down over the end 
of his nose, a habit he had when he 
was thinking. 

'Nibs," said I, "you mustn't rub 
your nose like that. Do you want 
to have it turn into a pug nose?" 

Nibs looked at the back of his hand 
intently for a moment, and then gave 
his nose a vigorous rub. "No, it 
won't," he said. ■ "cause Aunt Annie 
says it is that already — and I want 
to go to the end of the road. I\!aybe 
it leads to the land of— of Go-shum," 
he added, stumbling over the last 
word and putting the accent heavily 
on the first syllable. 

"Land of Goshum?" I said incred- 
ulously, "Where in the world did you 
ever hear of the Land of Goshum?" 



"That's what Aunt Annie said last 
night when she dropped the pickle 
jar. Yessir. just like that — 'Land of 
Goshum.' You s'pose it does lead 
there?" he went on, the light of explo- 
ration kindling in his eyes. 

"I'm sure I don't know. I tell you 
what. Nibs, we will walk to the top 
of the hill and sec if it ends there." 

"Jt does," said Nibs emphatically, 
as if that settled the matter. 

So we started off together up the 
winding road, with our faces set 
toward the afternoon sun, and the 
thirst for exploration in our hearts. 
Nibs trotted along by 1113- side, one 
hand clutching my middle finger, and 
the other alternately thrusting a 
rather grimy thumb in and out of 
his mouth, and wiping it on his white 
nickers. Nibs was somewhat of a 
cross between a cherub and a monkey. 
He was like a monkey and not a 
cherub, in that he didn't have wings; 
and like a cherub and not a monkey 
in that he didn't have a tail; other- 
wise the differing characteristics w T ere 
less marked. At- present he was 
mostly monkey, — and acted like one. 
He kept jumping from one side of the 
road to the other at the least provo- 
cation. He insisted on stopping at 
a woodchuck's hole and looking as 
far into it as his own bulk would 
permit, in an endeavor to see the 
bottom; and was almost reduced to 
tears because I was unable — or, as 
he conceived it, unwilling — to be a 
genius loci and make him small 
enough to enter and seek the end. 
He found his consolation in an empty 
sardine can that caught his eye from 
the other side of the road, where 
someone had cast it from a passing 
carriage. It was dirty and had a 
sickening, fishy smell which was a 
source of wonder to Nibs. He was 
quite heart-broken when I refused 
to put it in my pocket and carry it 
home for him, so that he might hoard 
it away with his other treasures. It 
was some time before he got over his 
disappointment, and for fully five 



To the End of the Road 



221 



minutes be trudged along with no 

other sign of vocal activity than an 
occasional sniffle. His first notice 
that he had returned to his wonted 
humor was the process of scuffing his 
toes along through the thick dust of 
the horse-path, with a little kick at 
the end of every, scuff, sending a 
shower of dust over my shoes just 
that morning polished. Suddenly he 
stopped, and stooping to the roadway, 
exhumed a roundish stone of a pecu- 
liar deep brown shade. What kind of 
a stone it was. and where it had come 
from I hadn't the least notion; but 
Nibs, after looking at it for a full 
minute, popped it into his mouth and 
began to roll it about with his tongue. 

"Nibs, Nibs, what in heaven's 
name are you trying to do?" I cried 
in consternation, forcing; him to dis- 
gorge. 

"It's a choc-choc/' answered Nibs 
indignantly, with a hurt-puppy ex- 
pression in his eyes. ''Aunt Annie 
gave me some last night and they 
were awful good. Although," he 
added as an afterthought, "they 
weren't as hard as this one." 

"You are mistaken this time. Nibs, 
this isn't a chocolate; and you 
mustn't put things that you pick up 
into your mouth. They may have 
germs on them." 

"What's a germ?" he demanded 
promptly. 

"Oh," said I vaguely, "they are 
what make little boys sick." Nibs 
digested this in silence for a moment, 
rubbing his nose up and down with 
the back of his hand. 

"Are green apples germs?" he 
asked. 

The road wound gently up with 
many twists and turns, its edges 
bordered with a wild growth of 
golden-rod that was in the richest of 
its mid-season bloom. A horde of 
plump, lazy bumble-bees wandered 
aimlessly about among the bright 
blossoms, or clung nodding to the 
golden clusters that bent and swayed 
with their weight. Nibs was very 
much interested in the busy little 



insects, and stopped to wonder at one 
particularly fat old bumble-bee that 
was crawling over a mass of flowers, 
keeping up a gentle buzzing with his 
wings. "Don't touch them, Nibs," 
I said warningly. He drew back a 
step, clasping his hands behind him 
as he twisted his whole body back and 
forth in an emphatic negative. 

"They bite," he said solemnly, 
"only they do it with the wrong 
end. " 

The afternoon was drawing to a 
close and our shadows were lagging 
farther and farther behind us as we 
climbed the last pitch of the hill. 
Nibs pointed a tiny hand at the 
sugar-orchard looming black across 
the intervening pasture land. 

"It's lull of cinnamon bears," he 
whispered in an awed little voice. 
"Aunt Annie said so. an' she said 
they would eat little boys," and his 
eyes looked questioningly into mine 
for confirmation. 

"Perhaps they would, Nibs, I really 
can't say. " 

"Do you s'pose they would eat 
youl" he asked. 

"I dare say they would, if they got 
me." I said. 

"Then I hope they don't get you," 
said Nibs as he thrust his little fist 
into mine for the final climb to the 
top of the hill. 

When we mounted the last water- 
bar, and stood looking down on the 
other side of the slope, we could see 
the road still running away from us 
until it lost itself in many twists 
and turns in the valley below. " Well, 
Nibs, you see it doesn't end here." 
The little fellow stood in the middle 
of the road looking thoughtfully at 
the landscape ahead. He was all 
cherub just then, as he stood there 
with the last rays of the sun playing 
about his small figure, and his hand 
busily rubbing his tiny nose, which, 
as his aunt had said, did have a 
tendency to turn up. 

"Yes, it does" said Nibs firmly, 
"only," he added flashing a bright 
smile up at me, "it begins again." 



,J. JP -M 



BLANCHE OF CASTILE 

By L. Adelaide Sherman 

The poets long have sung of Trojan Helen— 

A soulless woman with a lovely face; 
Of Egypt's queen most beautiful and stately. 

With eye bewitching and with form of grace; 
Godiva, golden-haired and tender-hearted, 

And many and many another time-sweet name, 
That echoes down across the misty ages, 

Some with pure praise and some with bitter blame. 

But I will sing of Blanche, the queenly regent — 

Blanche of Castile, who ruled in stormy France — 
Whose name must stand for high resolve and courage, — 

Who staked her throne upon the merest chance. 
She lived in days when priest-craft cursed the nation 

And o'er the people held an iron sway; 
They burdened all the poor with tax so heavy 

That none in all the land had means to pay. 

" Throw them in prison who refuse to pay it," 

So spake the priests, and the grim work began. 
The jails were filled with all those sorrowing peasants, 

Woman and infant with the toilworn man. 
A sight most terrible was this to witness, 

The dungeons rilled, the dungeons flowing o'er; 
But, when they brought the story to their regent, 

She rose at once and sought the prison door. 

"Bring me the keys," cried Blanche, the wrathful beauty 

"Ah. no, we dare not. for the priests have said/' 
She seized an axe, the trembling guardsman's weapon, 

And, swinging it above her regal head, 
She smote a blow upon the door of iron 

That gave new courage to her fearsome men, 
Then haughtily she turned her to the jailer 

And as their queen called for the key again. 

"Now will ye free," she cried, "my suffering people? 

Will ye be less than I, a woman, brave?" 
Then came they forth to kneel and kiss her garments — 

Those stricken ones that she had dared to save. 
Great as the greatest must we ever hail her, 

Blanche of Castile, who brought her people aid; 
And little recked of all the priestly power — 

A woman womanlv and unafraid. 



LIFE AND THE LIVING 



By Gear (ji ana Rogers 

I may lack ambition and the right kind of feel, 
But I often times get thinking and I think a great, 
That to live and let live in the present, right now, 
Is the only ambition that's right anyhow. 
Is it really worth while to think you are rich 
And know that your neighbor is down in the ditch; 
Don't expect to leave money or even a name 
That's going to establish for you a great fame. 
For when we are dead, we are dead a long time, 
So really, what's the use of trying to climb? 
I may lack ambition and the right kind of feel, 
But life and the living to me do appeal, 
And to make somebody happy, or even content, 
Makes life as a whole — -not wholly misspent. 



great deal 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



CHARLES A. FARE 

Charles Albert Farr, youngest son of the 
late John Fair, who was a leading citizen 
and lawyer of Littleton for many years, died 
at his home in that town, June 25, 191& 

Mr. Farr was born in Glover. Vt., February 
5, 1848, the family removing to Littleton the 
next year, where he grew up and received his 
education in the public school, and at Kim- 
ball Union Academy, Merideii. In early life 
he was a clerk in the general store of his uncle, 
Nelson C. Farr, but at the age of 22 he formed 
a partnership with John F. Triton and en- 
gaged in the boot and shoe trade in Littleton, 
continuing till 1S73, when they bought out a 
dry goods establishment. Later, Mr. Fan- 
withdrew and went into partnership, in trade 
with Arthur F. Dow. Subsequently he was 
in business alone, several years, till 1893, when 
he retired and engaged in insurance which he 
continued through life. 

Politically he was a Republican, though 
voting for Horace Greely for president in 
1872. He had served two terms on the 
school board of Union District, held various 
minor town offices, and was for four years 
Register of Deeds for the County of Grafton. 
He was a member of Burns Lodge, A. F. and 
A. M.; and of White Mountain Grange. He 
was also an active member and a deacon of 
the Congregational Church of Littleton. The 
late congressman, Maj. Evarts W. Farr, and 
^ apt. George Farr, both prominent in the 
I nion service in the Civil War, were his 
brothers, and in natural ability he was sur- 
passed by neither. 

, He married, September 22, 1869, Florence, 
daughter of the late Curtis C. Bowman of 



Littleton, who died in 1886, leaving one daugh- 
ter, Helen M., now the wife of Howard M. 
Ballon of Honolulu, II. I. 

HENRY H. FOLSOM 

Henry H. Folsom, a member of the well- 
known Boston, law firm of Powers, Folsom 
and Powers (Hon. Wilbur H. Powers being 
the senior member), was shot and instantly 
killed by his wife, while driving from Exeter 
toward their summer home in Newmarket, 
June 20. 

Mrs. Fo.lsom, who was formerly Mary 
Hardy, daughter of Capt. William Hardy of 
Dover, had been insane some years since, and 
confined in a hospital for treatment, but was 
supposed to have recovered and returned home 
about two years ago. Recently, however, 
there had been renewed symptoms of mental 
disorder, but no dangerous tendency was sus- 
pected, till this sudden and fatal attack of 
homicidal mania resulted in this terrible 
tragedy. 

Mr. Folsom was a son of Hon. Channing 
Folsom of Newmarket, formerly State Su- 
perintendent of Public Instruction, and was 
born in Portsmouth, August 28, 1871. He 
was graduated from Dartmouth College, 
where he held high rank both as a scholar 
and athlete, in 1892. After graduation he 
taught for a time, but soon entered upon the 
study of law, was admitted to the bar and has 
since been in practice in Boston, though hav- 
ing his home in Somerville, where he had been 
prominent in public and social life, having 
served many years upon the school board and 
for the last five years as chairman. He was 
an active member of the Newmarket Club, 



224 



The Granite Monthly 



and of the Somerville Sons and Daughters of 

New Hampshire, was prominent in Masonry 
and in various social organizations. 

Mr. Fol-om Was a man of line presence, 
engaging personal qualities, and held excel- 
lent rank in his profession, and his sudden 
and tragic death was a severe shock, and 
brought a distinct sense of loss into many 
circles. 

The funeral was at Newmarket, June 23, 
service being conducted by Rev. Charles L. 
Noyes, D.D., of the Winter Hill Congrega- 
tional Church of Somerville, where Mr. Fol- 
sorn worshipped, and was largely attended. 
Interment was at Riverside Cemetery, New- 
market. 

MARTHA DANA SHEPARD 
Martha Dana Shepard, long a prominent 
figure in New England musical circles, and 
the best known pianist that New Hampshire 
ever produced, died at her home in Dorches- 
ter, Mass., on Saturday, July IS. 

She was a native of the town of New 
Hampton, born in 1842, the daughter of Dr. 
John A. and Sarah J. Dana. Both her pa- 
rents were musical, and she developed re- 
markable talents in that direction at a very- 
early age. Her father was her first in- 
structor, but she was soon placed under the 



tuition of an eminent Boston teacher, and 
her abilities developed so rapidly that at the 
ago of fifteen she appeared as a concert pi- 
anist, with marked success and her ca- 
reer was a notable one from that time. In 
the famous festivals given in Concord by 
Professors Morey and Davis, half a century 
ago, she was a central figure, and it is a mat- 
ter of general repute that she has appeared 
at more musical festivals and concerts than 
any other woman in New England and 
probably in the entire country. 

She married, in 1864, Allen B. Shepard of 
Holderness. now Ashland. In 1SSI they re- 
moved to Boston, establishing a home in the 
Dorchester district, where Mrs. Shepard has 
been prominent in social as well as musical 
circles. She was the organizer and leader 
of the choral class of the Dorchester Wom- 
an's Club, and had been similarly con- 
nected with the Melrose Woman's Club. 
She was also a prominent member of the 
New Hampshire Daughters of Boston, as she 
was of the New Hampton Alumni Associa- 
tion, being a. graduate of the New Hamilton 
Institution. For many years she was or- 
ganist of the First Unitarian church of Mil- 
ton, Mass. 

Mrs. Shepard had two sons, one of whom, 
Frank E., survives. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



With only a few days remaining in which 
to file candidacies, before the primary elec- 
tion, September 1, the political situation in 
New Hampshire is becoming decidedly in- 
teresting. At tins writing, four wen have 
formally entered the race for gubernatorial 
nominations — John C. Hutchins and Albert 
W. Noone, Democrats, and Rosecrans W. 
Pillsbury and Roliand H. Spaulding, Re- 
publicans, Senator Jacob H. Galiinger has 
filed his candidacy for renomination, on 
the Republican side, and Congressman 
Raymond B. Stevens for the Democratic 
Senatorial nomination. Of Congressional 
candidates there are two Republicans al- 
ready formally in the field on the Re- 
publican side "in the First District — Rufus 
N. Elwell of Exeter, and ex-Congressman 
Cyrus A. Sulioway of Manchester, while 
Frederic W. Shontell of the latter city some 
time since announced his purpose to be a 
candidate, and will undoubtedly file, as will 
Congressman Eugene E. Reed, who will be 
unopposed for the Democratic nomination. 
On the Democratic side, in the Second Dis- 



trict, Mayor Charles J. French of Concord 
and Enos N. Sawyer of Franklin, President 
of the State Senate, are in the field, as are 
Edward IE Wason of Nashua, and ex- 
Mayor Charles G. Shedd of Keene, on the 
Republican side. Thus far there are no 
Progressive -party candidates in the field for 
any of the more important offices, but it is 
generally expected that some will be entered 
before the time limit, expires. 

The towns of Fremont and Raymond have 
already, this year, celebrated their one hun- 
dred and fiftieth anniversaries — the latter 
observance occurring, very successfully, July 
4. The town of Lancaster has a similar ob- 
servance August 12 and 13, and on Octo- 
ber 24, Claremont, the largest town in the 
state, will celebrate its one hundred and 
fiftieth anniversary. 



It is now definitely announced that tha 
Franklin Pierce statue, provided for by the 
last legislature, will be completed in time for 
dedication some time in October next. 



I 

>L, XLVi, No, 5 AUGUST, is>i4 Nr>- Series. Vc4. IX. Jfo, ) 

THE 
¥ ILJ 8 / ; y 1 —4 

JW ■' fi 1|^ I I I I %/ 

V A 1 -, L JL ~*4 






A New Hampshire Magazine 

evoted to History, Biography, Literature arid State Progress 



n3 CONTENTS FOR AUGUST Bg. 



r-:": Hon. Calvin Page, With Frontispiece ...... 225 (Jbj 

By H. C. Pearson, Illustrated. . Jslg, 



"J 



w-«> 



*£>4 The Story of the Isles of Shoals . . . . . 231 jS*^ 8 

ByH.lLMe,:,!, Illustrated. ^ 

The Primary Election of 1914 . . . . . 2 46 |> '■-, ;•'-- 

'cl?) By an Occasional Contributor. Illustrated. A*-/) 

C?.$ New Hampshire Necrology . . ._--.■- • • 287 V-?-/ 

Editor and Publisher's^- " ^ . 268 g^ 

^ Poe»« ', ... -■ " §£. 

JjCfJ Bv Charles Never. HolnJ ~*> tsr. Efungwood Stewart Everett Rpwe. 

*tet 






ssued by The Granite Monthly Company 

HENRY H. METCALF. Editor and Manager 

iKHS: $l.oo per annum, lu advance; $!.50 if not paid in advance. Single copies, !S ctnts 
CONCORD, N. H., 1914 

Entered at the post office at Concord as second-class mail matter. 



HON. CALVIN PAGE 



.^.^.J 



The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLVI, No. S 



AUGUST, 19U 



New Series, Vol. 9 No. 8 



LEADERS OF 



NEW HAMPSHIRE 
XVII 



Hon. Calvin Page 
By H. C. Pearson 



Honorable Calvin Page, of Ports- 
mouth, whose declaration as a candi- 
date for United States Senator in the 
Democratic primaries has been re- 
ceived so warmly by his party, has 
been for a long time a leader in the 
law, the business, th 1 politics and the 
public affairs of Xew Hampshire. 
His name and influence have been and 
are potent in banking, insurance, rail- 
road and other circles; and his home 
city has shown its appreciation of his 
wisdom, experience and public spirit 
by conferring upon him all the more 
important honors and responsibilities 
within its gift. A lifelong resident of 
Xew Hampshire and one of her most 
valuable citizens, his activities have 
been by no means confined to her 
limits, his professional and personal 
reputation, on the contrary, being as 
high in other states as in his own. 

Judge Page was born in North 
Hampton, Rockingham County, Xew 
Hampshire, August 22, 1845, in the 
tenth generation from Robert Page 
of Ormsby, County of Norfolk, Eng- 
land, whose son, Robert, came from 
England and settled in Hampton, Xew 
Hampshire, in 1639. Judge Page's 
ancestors in succeeding generations 
were farmers and good citizens of 
Hampton and Xorth Hampton. His 
lather. Captain Simon Dow Page of 
Hie state militia, married Judith Rol- 
lins of Loudon and to them one son 
and three daughters were born. 

The son, Calvin, spent his boyhood 



on his father's farm, attended the dis- 
trict schools in Xorth Hampton and 
later was a student at the famous 
Phillips Academy in Exeter, where he 
fitted for Harvard College. Entering 
that institution in 1864 as a member 
of its sophomore class he was soon 
compelled by lack of funds to with- 
draw and returned to his father's 
house for a winter and spring of farm 
work and wood chopping. 

In the following summer, however, 
the way of his future career opened 
before him and on July 19, 1865, he 
entered as a student the law office of 
the late Honorable Albert R. Hatch 
in Portsmouth. 

Here Judge Page worked for his 
board as well as for his instruction in 
legal lore by keeping his preceptor's 
books and making himself generally 
useful about the office. He found 
time, however, for such application to 
his studies as enabled him to pass the 
state bar examinations and to be ad- 
mitted to the bar of Xew Hampshire 
in 1868. Immediately he entered 
upon the practice of his profession in 
Portsmouth and so has continued 
ever since. He was president of the 
State Bar Association in 1904-5, and 
the annual address to the members of 
the bar by him dwelt principally upon, 
the illegitimate use of the lobby in 
the legislature and the evil results of 
the then common free pass system. 

As a lawyer, Judge Page was and 
is one of the most successful in the 



226 



The Granite Monthly 



state, his large and lucrative practice 
covering a wide range of territory, 
clientage and character of cases. In 
19 JO the demands upon his time and 
strength became so heavy and ex- 
hausting that he practically retired 
from general practice, retaining, how- 
ever, his more important connections 
such as the care and management of 
the great Frank Jones estate, of which 
he is an executor and trustee. Those 
who remember how keen a judge of 



State Fire Insurance Company; Ports- 
mouth Fire Association; Portsmouth 
Shoe Company; Suncook Waterworks 
Company; Eastman Freight Car 
Heater Company; Eastman Produce 
Company; Piscataqua Fire Insurance 
Company; Manchester and Lawrence 
Railroad; and Laconia Car Company 
Works; member of the American com- 
mittee of management of the Frank 
Jones Brewing Company; director in 
the Upper Coos Railroad and in the 




Residence of Hon. Calvin Page. Front View, Middle Street 



men Mr. Jones was will appreciate 
the compliment to Judge Page implied 
in his choice for these responsible and 
onerous positions 

To give the reader an adequate idea 
as to how varied and important Judge 
Page's relations to the world of busi- 
ness have been and are it will be nec- 
essary only to list some of his chief 
official positions, past and present, in 
this connection, as follows: President 
of the New Hampshire National Bank 
of Portsmouth; Portsmouth Trust 
and Guarantee Company; Granite 



Concord and Portsmouth Railroad, 
etc. 

It is the solid success, the careful 
conservatism, the helpful upbuilding 
characteristic of Calvin Page as a 
business man upon which his friends 
lay equal stress with his brilliance as 
a lawyer, and his knowledge, experi- 
ence and ability in public affairs, in 
urging his choice to the office to which 
he now aspires. 

Truly remarkable, in fact, is the 
ability with which throughout his 
career Judge Page has driven the 



Hon. Calvin Page 



227 



difficult triple hitch of law, business 
am! public service. 

Always a Democrat, Judge Page, as 
a -launch and uncompromising mem- 
ber and leader of the minority party 
in the state, has been, up to this time, 
out of the line of approach to the high- 
est elective offices; but in his home 
town his fellow-citizens have been 
choosing him to office after office for 
two score years, and President Cleve- 
land in each of his two terms as chief 



the chief sources of its just pride. He 
has been city solicitor, judge of the 
municipal court, and member of the 
board of water commissioners. 

In 1888, Judge Page was elected a 
delegate to the convention which as- 
sembled in Concord January 2, 1889, 
to propose amendments to the con- 
stitution of the state. It was a nota- 
ble gathering, with Charles H. Bell of 
Exeter as -its president and among its 
members such men as Isaac W. Smith, 



- 



i 



View in the Garden of Hon. Calvin Page 



executive of the nation was prompt 
to recognize Judge Page by appoint- 
ing him to the important place of col- 
lector of internal revenue for the Dis- 
trict of New Hampshire embracing 
the states of Maine, New Hampshire 
and Vermont, a position which he thus 
filled for eight years. 

Twice, in 1884-1885 and again in 
1899-1900, he has been Mayor Page 
of Portsmouth. For more than thirty 
years a member of the board of edu- 
cation and chairman of the high school 
committee, he has had great part in 
making the schools of the city one of 



James F. Briggs, Henry E. Burnham, 
Charles H. Bartlett and David Cross 
of Manchester, Benjamin A. Kimball 
and Joseph B. "Walker of Concord, 
John W. Sanborn of Wakefield, Frank 
N; Parsons, Isaac N. Blodgett and 
Alvah W r . Sulloway of Franklin, Wil- 
liam S. Ladd of Lancaster, Robert M. 
Wallace of Milford, Ellery A. Hib- 
bard of Laconia, Ira Colby of Clare- 
mont and Dexter Richards of New- 
port. Judge Page had a prominent 
part in the work of the convention, 
the principal results of which were the 
change in time of legislative sessions 



SS 



I ■'"•' Hk*" - rr ' 






■ m 



Hon. Calvin Page 



229 



from June ro January and the com- 
pensation of members by a fixed salary 
instead of a per diem. 

He was himself one of the first to 
test the practical workings of these 
eha7iges for in November. 1892, he 
was elected to the New Hampshire 
State Senate of 1893 from the Twenty- 
Fourth District and was the demo- 
cratic candidate for president of the 
Senate.. At this important session 
Senator Page served on the commit- 
tees on judiciary, railroads, banks and 
finance, being chairman of the last- 
named, and the worth of his work was 
remembered through, a decade, so that 
in 1902 he was elected from the same 
district to take the same seat in the 
State Senate of 1903. 

At this session he introduced and 
advocated for the first time in our 
legislature a bill for the election of 
United Slates Senators by the people. 
Though the measure was opposed by 
the republican majority of the Senate 
and failed to become a law then. 
Judge Page has lived to see it become 
the law not only of this State, but of 
a large number of the states of the 
Union, by the votes of all parties. He 
also opposed the lobby and publicly 
called attention to its acts. Naturally 
he now asserts that he was the first 
progressive legislator in the state, 
being the first to publicly advocate 
and work for the things which every 
political party has recently hastened 
to favor; and he declares that the very 
men who then opposed him and his 
progressive measures are now the loud- 
est shouters for them, and are using 
his ideas and his proposed laws of 1903 
as their own later inventions. 

Judge Page is a member of St. 
John's lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, and of DeWitt Clinton Com- 
mandery, Knights Templars, of Ports- 
mouth, being the oldest living past 
commander of the latter body. He 
belongs to. the Warwick Club/Ports- 
mouth, and to various other clubs, 
societies and associations in his own 
city and elsewhere. He is a Unitarian 
in religious belief. 



His spacious and hospitable resi- 
dence is one of the finest in Ports- 
mouth, famous as a city of beautiful 
and historic homes, and its magnifi- 
cent flower garden is one of the show 
places of the region. Judge Page 
married. January 7, 1870, Arabella J. 
Moran. Their daughter. Agnes, mar- 
ried Colonel John H. Rartlett of Ports- 
mouth and they have a son, Calvin 
Page Bartlett, born October S, 1901. 

This sketch would not be complete 
did it not refer to Judge Page's part 
in the famous Peace Conference of 
the delegates from Russia and Japan 
brought about in August, 1905, by 
the mediations of President Roose- 
velt — the most famous gathering the 
•world had ever known. For this mid- 
summer meeting the President nat- 
urally sought a spot in our state where 
the cool breezes at the mountains or 
the ocean would tend to calmness and 
comfort. The great Hotel Wont- 
worth at Newcastle was then a part 
of the estate of Frank Jones of which 
Judge Page was trustee. Under a 
clause in Mr. Jones' will giving his 
trustees power to do anything with 
his estate that they thought he, him- 
self, would do if living at the time. 
Judge Page, through the President 
and Governor McLane invited the 
peace delegates to the number of 
nearly one hundred, including all their 
attaches, to live at the big hotel free 
of charge so long as the conference 
should last; and the delegates and all 
their attendants from both nations 
lived there for more than thirty days 
at a cost to the Jones estate of over 
twenty-five thousand dollars. And as 
is well known, in recognition of the 
hospitality of the Jones estate and its 
trustees, Japan and Russia each gave 
to the state of New r Hampshire ten 
thousand dollars, the income of which 
is annually distributed among the 
charitable institutions of the state. 

Judge Page's long and useful career, 
so filled with private enterprise end 
public service, is now, as may be 
learned even from this brief outline, 
at the height of its achievement. The 



230 The Granite Monthly 

solid success, personal, professional, tioned, including, notably, the con- 
political, won by this son of New* ferring upon him of the honorary de- 
Hampshire, is the more notable be- gree of Master of Arts by Dartmouth 
cause it has come through his own College in 1002. 

unaided efforts in the face of many Of brisk and vigorous, yet pleasing, 

obstacles and difficulties. And appre- personality, widely experienced and 

elation by his fellows of what his ef- keenly observant, Judge Page is as 

forts have meant to the community delightful a companion in social and 

as well as to himself have taken oilier private life as he is a strong and influ- 

forms than the many already men- ential figure in his public relations. 



Dover, A\ H. 



THE DESERTED MANSE 

By Charles Xevers Holmes 

It stands alone beside the road — 

That manse of yesterday, 
A tenant! ess, unkempt abode, 
Near where a sun-kissed streamlet flowed, 

And children romped at play. 

No streamlet flows, no children play; 

Forsaken is each room; 
No crowing cock proclaims the day 
When star-lit night first fades away- — ■ 

Yon manse is like a tomb! 

With ruined roof and broken pane, 

With doorway strongly barred. 
It sleeps 'mid sunshine, snow and rain, 
While seasons wax and seasons wane, 
And winds blow mild or hard. 

Beside a gnarled and giant tree, 

Which lightning's bolt once smote, 
Beside a tangled, pathless lea 
Where fragrant clover lures the bee, 
It stands alone — remote. 

Around its porch some vines still cling 

Like dying memory, 
Within its grove some birds still sing, 
And now and then the echoes ring 

As woodman fells a tree. 

But from its chimney curls no smoke, 

No welcome's at its door. 
As one bereaved by death's sad stroke, 
Like patriarch when heart is broke, 

Yon manse's life is o'er. 



DBA 



THE STORY OF THE ISLES OF SHOALS 



By If. H, Metcalf 



When I first found myself an- 
nounced for a "lecture" on "The 
Story of the Isles of Shoals," at this 
Conference under the auspices of the 
New England Congregational Con- 
gress, my first impulse was to decline 
the invitation to appear in any such 
role, feeling that I might be person- 
ally out of place, and that it would 
be, moreover, practically impossible 
to invest the subject announced with 
sufficient interest to command the 
attention of those present. But, on 
second thought, I took note of the 
difficulties and perplexities besetting 
those who are called upon to provide 
and arrange an extended programme, 
like that to be presented here, and 
resolved that, inasmuch as I have 
always felt it to be my duty to respond 
to any call for aid in furthering a 
worthy object, when reasonably 
within my power to do so, and, feel- 
ing that the object of this gathering 
is a most worthy one, I decided to 
accede to the committee's request, 
and serve in the role assigned to the 
best of my ability. 

Permit me to say. incidentally, at 
the outset, that if there ever was a 
time when the Congregational 
churches, and the chinches of all 
denominations of Protestant Chris- 
tianity, in New England and through- 
out the country, needed to confer 
together, and earnestly to inquire 
and determine what they can and 
must "do to be saved,'' and to make 
themselves effective instrumentalities 
for the salvation of mankind at large, 
that time is now: Sad and deplorable 
as the fact may be regarded, it is a 
fact, nevertheless, that church attend- 
ance is on the decrease all over the 
country, so far as the Protestant 
churches are concerned. There are 



ice on Sunday, today, in proportion 
to the population, than at any other 
time since the Pilgrims landed at 
Plymouth. The automobile has a 
greater drawing power on a pleasant 
Sunday morning than the most ac- 
complished pulpit orator, so far as 
the well-to-do classes are concerned, 
and the trolley car and picnic resort 
have more attractions for the average 
working man and his family than a 
cushioned pew in any church, with 
the best of preaching and music, 
though furnished free of cost. 

It remains, therefore, so long as the 
people will not come to the churches, 
to carry the church to the people, real- 
izing, at the same time, that, in the 
light of the ''new day," the primary 
purpose of the church is not to get 
men into Heaven, but to establish 
Heaven among men. To this end let 
the Congregationalists, the Episco- 
palians, the Baptists and the Metho- 
dists, the Unitarians and Universal- 
ists confer among themselves, and 
with each other, that the "means of 
grace,'' or the most effective agencies 
for the promotion of human welfare, 
may be put in operation in every com- 
munity, and exert a purifying and en- 
nobling influence in every home. 

But to the subject in hand — "The 
Story of the Isles of Shoals!" There 
is no connected " story," in one or 
many chapters, of this unique group 
of islands — no authentic history- of 
the communities of people by whom 
they have been inhabited at one time 
and another. No man living knows, 
and no careful writer has presumed 
to say, who was the European by 
whom they were first discovered. It 
has been held that the Norsemen 
visited the New England shores cen- 
turies before English eyes rested upon 
them: but there is no record showing 



fewer people attending religious serv- 

* Address delivered at the First Annual Conference of the New England Congress of Con 
gregational Churches, at the Oceanic, Star Island, Saturday evening, August 1, 1914. 



232 



The Granite Manikin 



it. and no tangible evidence to that 
erTeet. 

Bartholomew Gqsnoid, an early 
English explorer, sailing from Fal- 
mouth, March 26, 1602, visited the 
Maine coast and made his way thence 
to Cape Cod. He may have sighted 
these islands, but there is nothing to 
show it. if he did. Brewster, in his 
valuable and interesting "Rambles 
about Portsmouth," has it that Mar- 
tin Bring, who came over from Eng- 
land in 1603, with the Speedwell, a 
ship of fifty tons burthen manned by 
thirty men, and the Discoverer, a bark 
of twenty-six tons and thirteen men, 
fitted out for him by the mayor, 
aldermen and merchants of Bristol, 



the matter of seamanship alone is 
considered, the progress is not so 
manifest, since the most accomplished 
navigator of the present day would be 
regarded as foolhardy were he to at- 
tempt the passage in any such vessel 
as those with which Bring had been 
furnished. 

In 1604, a French expedition, under 
De Monts, who was accompanied by 
Samuel de. Champlain, explorer and 
writer, crossed the Atlantic, explored 
the coast of Nova Scotia and New 
Brunswick, and finally set up the 
standard of the kingdom upon an 
island in the Passarnaquoddy Bay, 
where the party wintered, but, de- 
termined to push on farther down the 




White Island Light 



was the first to visit these shores, 
arriving in the month of June, after 
a voyage of many weeks. He trav- 
ersed the coast of Maine, explored its 
rivers, of which- he called what has 
since been known as the Piscataqua 
"the westernmost and best " and trav- 
ersed it for several miles. He must 
have noted these islands, though there 
is no evidence that he gave them any 
attention. 

Comparison of the craft with which 
Pring made this voyage — frail vessels 
of thirty and twenty-six tons — with 
the monster steam liners of the pres- 
ent day, carrying from 1.000 to 3,000 
passengers and making the trip in 
fewer days than it then required weeks, 
gives some idea of the progress made 
in the intervening three centuries in 
the art of navigation; and yet, when 



coast, he set sail the following sum- 
mer in a small vessel of some fifteen 
tons, with some twenty sailors and 
soldiers. It was on the loth day of July 
of this year, 1605, that the party, 
sailing along the coast, seeking a good 
anchorage and finding none, sup- 
posedly in the region of Great Boar's 
Head, stood out to sea for a little dis- 
tance, and looking about at twilight, 
they saw, as Champlain writes, "a 
cape beating south, a quarter south- 
east from us, distant some eighteen 
miles," and on the east, two leagues 
distant, three or four "pretty high," 
or "rather prominent," islands, as 
given by varying translations. Al- 
though the points of compass were a 
trifle mixed in the account, there 
seems to be no doubt that the cape 
mentioned was Cape Ann, and that 



The Star}! of the Isles of S%oab 



233 



the three or four high or prominent 
islands were of the Shoals group, and 
this mention by Champlain is the 
first published or written reference 
extant, to these islands, and undoubt- 
edly the first ever made. It may be 
added that on the following day the 
party made a landing at a point or 
cape, now supposed to be Odiome's 
Point in Rye, where they met Indians 
to whom they gave small presents, 
and, on the next day. reached Cape 
Ann, which they named Cape St. 
Louis, meanwhile passing the mouth 
of a large river which they called the 
Riviere Du Gaz — now unquestion- 
ably the Merrimack. 



the credit of their discovery is gen- 
erally and properly given the noted 
soldier, sailor, explorer and discoverer, 
Capt. John Smith, who first gave 
them any real attention and descrip- 
tion, and was so much interested in 
them as to give them his own name, 
calling them Smith's Islands. 

It was in April, 1614, that Captain 
Smith, having sailed from London in 
command' of two vessels on a fishing 
.and trading expedition to this section, 
arrived at Monhegan Island, now a 
delightful summer resort, on the 
Maine coast. The capture of whales 
was a main object of the expedition, 
and incidentally, the discoverv of cold. 



m 



Ocean Side of Star Island 



In 1610, Sir Samuel Argal, who, 
with Sir George Somers, had sailed 
for the Bermudas in quest of supplies 
for the suffering colony at Jamestown, 
Ya., driven by adverse winds, made 
to the northward, and, while Somers, 
with his vessel, finally veered about 
and made his destination, Argal spent 
the summer cruising along the Maine 
coast, and doubtless more than once 
visited the Shoals, as the fishing 
grounds in their vicinity were the best 
to be found. Three years later, in 
1013, he convoyed a fleet of ten or a 
dozen fishing vessels to this region, 
and incidentally indulged in the de- 
struction of a settlement of French 
Jesuits at Mount Desert. 

But, whoever, or how many, may 
have seen these islands before him, 



and copper mines, rumored to exist 
on these shores; but. in case these 
objects failed, there was profitable 
fishing all along the coast, and oppor- 
tunity to trade with the natives for 
peltries of various kinds. The chas- 
ing of whales and hunting for mines 
gave no satisfaction in results, and 
plain fishing and trading were finally 
resorted to. Leaving his vessels and 
the main body of his followers at 
Monhegan, Captain Smith set out 
with eight sailors, in a small pinnace, 
and ranged the coast as far south as 
Cape Cod, studying the country and 
its characteristics and trading with 
the natives, whom he met at different 
points on the shore. It was during 
this boat voyage that he visited the 
Shoals. 



234 



The Granite Monthhi 



On his return to England, for which 
lie sailed July 18, Captain Smith, in 
a, written description of the country 
subsequently published, speaks of 
them, saying: "Among the remark- 
ablest isles and mountains for land- 
marks are Smith's Isles, an heape 
together, none near to them, against 
Aecomcnticus." Later, in referring 
to a scheme for dividing the Xew 
England territory among the paten- 
tees; he wrote: ''But m lot for me 
but Smith's Isles, which are a many 
of barren rocks, the most overgrown 
with, such shrubs and sharp whins you 
can hardly pass them, without either 
grass or wood, but three or four short. 



resulted in its permanent settlement 
a few years later. 

Edna Dean Proctor, the strong, 
sweet singer of our Xew Hampshire 
mountain land, suggests the credit due 
this gallant adventurer in opening the 
way to the English settlement of these 
northern coasts, in the initial lines of 
her thrilling poem, " Xew Hampshire' 7 : 

"A goodly realm!" said Captain Smith, 

Scanning the>coast by the Isles of Shoals, 

While the wind blew fair, as in Indian myth 

Blows the breeze from the Land of Souls; 

Blew from the marshes of Hampton spread 

Level and green that summer day, 
And over the brow of Great Boar's' Head 
From the pines that stretched to the west 
away; 



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* 



Appledore House 



shrubby old cedars." This shows that 
he landed upon and traversed the 
islands, which there is nothing to 
show that anyone had done before 
him; and however barren and worth- 
less they might be, generally speak- 
ing, he considered them of enough 
importance to give them his own 
name, and to claim them as his years 
aitei wards. 

At the captain's suggestion, the 
country, a map of whose coast he had 
made, and whose character and re- 
sources he described, was given the 
name of New England, and by that 
name it has ever since been known. 
To his report and description, un- 
questionably, was due the interest 
soon aroused in the country which 



And sunset died on the rippling sea, 
Ere to the south, with the wind, sailed he, 
But he told the story in London streets. 
And again to Court and Prince and King; 
"A truce," men cried, "to Virginia heats; 
The North is the land of hope and spring!" 

And in sixteen hundred and twenty-three 
For Dover meadows and Portsmouth river, 

Bold and earnest they crossed the sea, 
And the realm was theirs and ours forever. 

Opinions differ as to the character 
and achievements of this bold and 
adventurous spirit, who, in his com- 
paratively short career of fifty-two 
years, experienced in wider and more 
varied measure the vicissitudes of 
human life, faced more trying situa- 
tions, performed more daring and 
heroic deeds, than any other man of 
his time; but, soldier of fortune 



The Story of the Isles of Shoals 



235 



though he may have been, and gov- 
erned by no fixed purpose for human 
betterment in his undertakings, this 
Capt. John Smith, father and savior 
of Virginia, explorer of the New Eng- 
land coast, who found and named 
these rocky islands of the sea three 
hundred years ago. unquestionably 
did more than any other man to es- 
tablish civilization in America , and we 
well may pause a moment, here and 
now, to pay a tribute of respect to the 
memory of the man, whose service, 
prolific of enduring results, brought 
no substantial reward in life, and no 
stately monument in his honor after 
its close. Probablv the fairest, most 



main. Upon these islands I neither 
could see one good timber tree nor so 
much ground as to make a garden. 
The place is found to be a good fish- 
ing place for six ships, but more can- 
not, well be there for want of conven- 
ient stage room, as this year's experi- 
ence hath proved." 

This is the first published mention 
of the islands by the name they have 
since borne, so far as known, and the 
first reference to them on record in 
connection with the business or in- 
dustry by which and for which they 
were principally, if not wholly, dis- 
tinguished, till within a comparatively 
few years. The vicinity of the Shoals. 

























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Oceanic Hotel, Star Island 



candid and comprehensive review of 
the life and character of Captain 
Smith, which has ever appeared in 
print, is that of Tudor Jenks, pub- 
lished^ The Century Co., in 1904, 
wherein he is represented neither as a 
saint or a savage, but is characterized 
as "almost the only far-seeing intel- 
lect of his time/' 

In less than ten years after the dis- 
covery and naming of the islands by 
Captain Smith, another name had 
been substituted for his, for Capt. 
Christopher Levett, who made a voy- 
age to New England in 1623-1, in 
writing thereof says: "The first place 
I set my foot upon in Xew England 
was the Isles of Shoulds, being islands 
in the sea about two leagues from the 



in fact, has always been one of the 
best fishing grounds on the Atlantic 
coast, and was undoubtedly resorted 
to by early fishermen long before this 
time; and, although differences of 
opinion have been expressed as to the 
origin of the name, the most reason- 
able inference, and the one generally 
adopted, is that the name came, not 
from the "shoal" and dangerous 
waters of the vicinity, but from the 
great "schools" or "shoals" "of fish 
abounding therein. 

Just when these islands first came 
to be inhabited, it is impossible to say. 
Recorded history is silent on this 
point nor is there any record as to the 
increase or the character of the popu- 
lation in the early years. That people 



2SG 



The Granite Monthly 



were living on the islands in consider- 
able numbers before any settlement 
was made on the nearby mainland is 
entirely probable; but they were gen- 
erally not there as permanent settlers. 
They were mere fishermen, and their 
interest was of a transient nature, as 
compared with that of the agricul- 
tural settler permanently wedded to 
the soil. It is a matter of tradition, 
however, that there was a large in- 
crease in the population of the islands, 
during the second quarter of the sev- 
enteenth century and later, so that 
there were several hundred people here 
altogether, along about the middle of 



Star Island Church 

the century, and the place became 
one of no little importance in a general 
point of view. Some writers set the 
population as high as. GOO, but there 
is no reliable data upon which to base 
a statement to that effect. 

Histories of Maine and New Hamp- 
shire, to each of which states the 
islands belong in part, make scant and 
scattered mention of the Isles of 
Shoals, Williamson's History of 
Maine; however, has it that, at about 
this time, which seems to have been 
the period of greatest prosperity, here, 
"they had a meeting house on Hog 
island, a court house on Haley's is- 
land, and a seminary of such repute 
that even gentlemen from some of the 



towns on the sea coast sent their sons 
here for literary instruction.'' It was 
not deemed proper, by the way, for 
"gentlemen/' or anybody else to edu- 
cate their daughters in those, days, in 
anything but the household arts, and 
there are some people, even now. who 
seem to believe that woman's sphere 
should be thus limited. 

This first meeting house which some 
authorities locate, also, on Smutty 
Nose, is reputed to have been built of 
brick; but its precise location is un- 
known. Gelia Thaxter, in writing of 
the Shoals forty years ago, declared 
that she could never be precisely cer- 
tain of the site, of this house, nor could 
she ever find any sign of the founda- 
tion of the so-called academy or sem- 
inary. This is not at all strange, how- 
ever, as more than a century and a 
half had passed since the buildings 
were in existence. There was a tavern, 
or ''ordinary" as it was then called, 
on Smutty Nose or Haley's Island, 
and a bowling alley on Hog Island or 
Appledore, and it is reputed that ale 
houses abounded on the islands, show- 
ing that the habits of the people of 
those islands, in those early days, were 
the same in some respects, at least, 
as those of nearby places on the main- 
land in these later times. 

During this period, or the first cen- 
tury of their history (so far as they 
have one) . t he population of the Shoals- 
was mostly confined to the northern 
or northeastern islands of the group, 
or those included within the Maine 
jurisdiction, and subsequently at- 
tached to the town of Kittery. The 
division between the two states of 
Maine and New Hampshire, of terri- 
torial jurisdiction over the islands, 
came about through the final divi- 
sion of their joint holdings by Sir 
Ferdinando Gorges and Capt. John 
Ma^on, the former taking the Maine 
portion of their grant, and the latter 
the New Hampshire, and, each recog- 
nizing the value and importance of 
the Shoals, from a commercial and 
strategic point of view, they divided 
the group between them, Gorges tak- 



The Story of the Ides of Shoals 



237 



tng the four northern or northeastern 
islands now known as Duck, Apple- 
dare, Haley's or Smutty Nose, and 
Cedar, and Mason the three southern 
or southwestern — Star, Londoner's 
and White. 

There was a verv considerable vil- 
lage on the southerly slope of Apple- 
dore, traces of the cellar and garden 
walls for seventy or eighty different 
holdings having been noted in that 
locality, even in recent years. The 
homes of the more prominent and 
prosperous residents, however, were 
on Smutty Nose or Haley's Island, 
and were substantial and commodi- 
ous for that time. There were well- 
to-do people among them, some of 
their estates being among the largest 
in New England. 

While it was as a fishing point that 
the Shoals first attracted attention 
and long held prominence, being inci- 
dentally mentioned by John Langdon 
Elwyn, in his account of John Lang- 
don, as " the largest fishing station on 
the coast " as early as 1640, naturally 
other business worked in, as the popu- 
lation increased, and extensive com- 
mercial operations were carried on. 
John Cutt, who subsequently became 
the first president or governor of New 
Hampshire, when it was erected into 
a royal province in 1679, and his 
brothers, Richard and Robert, were 
residents here, and laid the founda- 
tion, of their very considerable for- 
tunes, that of the former, who later 
located in Portsmouth, being ac- 
counted the largest in the province at 
the time of his death, in 1GS1. Col. 
William Pepperell, father of the noted 
Sir William Pepperell who led the 
colonist forces at the siege and cap- 
ture of Louisburgh, was a resident 
here, and carried on an extensive and 
properous business in the fishing and 
trading line, and here Sir William 
himself was born June 27, 1(396 — the 
most distinguished native of the is- 
lands and probably the only one of 
national and international fame. Colo- 
nel Pepperell subsequently removed 
to the mainland, locating in Kitterv, 



where his son was in partnership with 
him in trade and ship-building, before 
entering upon his military and public 
career. 

For the first sixty or seventy years 
the population was mostly on the 
northern islands, very few people 
making their home on Star Island, 
though now regarded by many as the 
most attractive of the group. In 1661, 
by the Massachusetts General Court, 
after many years of petitioning on the 
part of the inhabitants, the entire 
group of islands, lying "partly in the 
County of York, and the other part 
in the Jurisdiction of Dover and 
Portsmouth,^ as expressed in the leg- 
islative order, were erected into ''a 





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Celia Th-aiter's Cottage, Appledore 

Township called Appledoore," and 
granted "aequall power to regulate 
their Town affairs as other Townes 
of this Jurisdiction have." This town- 
ship was a short-lived affair, however, 
for shortly after the termination of 
the connection between New Hamp- 
shire and Massachusetts, in 1679, 
through the erection of the former 
into an independent province, the old 
division was restored, the southern 
portion of the group remaining under 
the New Hampshire jurisdiction and 
the northern reverting to Maine, still 
under the control of Massachusetts. 
Shortly after this the population 
shifted in a remarkable manner, the 
inhabitants migrating in large num- 
bers from the northerly islands to 
Star Island, not less than forty fami- 



238 



The Granite Monthly 



lies going over from Hog Island, or 
Appledore. alone, at one time, so that 
in the course of a few years nearly the 
entire population was settled on Star. 
but few, and those of the poorer class, 
remaining in the northern or Maine 
portion, so that early in the next cen- 
tury the town of Kittery, to which 
the}- were annexed, petitioned the 
General Court for a remission of taxes, 
because of the fact that on account of 
their small numbers and poverty the 
Shoals people "never paid half the 
rates and taxes that was added to the 
town of Kittery upon the account of 




Oscar Lai£hton's Cottage, Appledore 

their being annexed to it." and for sev- 
eral years had "paid no taxes at all." 
Meanwhile Star Island had pros- 
pered to such degree that the New 
Hampshire Assembly in 1715 — Decem- 
ber 24 — chartered it with the other 
southern islands, as a town by the 
name of Gosport. The relative finan- 
cial importance of the place is shown 
by the fact that in 1720, under the 
apportionment of the provincial as- 
sembly, Gosport was assessed £20 for 
every £1,000 raised by taxation in 
the province. The population of Gos- 
port, however, never reached any such 
figure as has been" claimed for the 
Shoals settlement in the earlier days 
when the northern islands were the 



center of activity; but it is entirely 
probable that the latter has been 
exaggerated. In 17G7, an enumera- 
tion of the inhabitants gave Gosport 
a population of 284, of whom four 
were slaves. 

In point of fact the people of the 
Shoals had comparatively little busi- 
ness and political connection with the 
mainland. They had their own courts 
most of the time, made their own po- 
lice regulations, such as they had, and 
paid province and state taxes no more 
and no oftener than they were com- 
pelled, which was by no means all the 
time. Nor were they represented in 
the provincial or state legislatures but 
a comparatively small part of the 
time. In the Eighth, Ninth, Tenth 
and Eleventh General Assemblies of 
the Province of New Hampshire, from 
1692 to 1695, inclusive, the Shoals had 
representatives— a different man each 
year, James Blagdon being the first. 
None had appeared before and none 
appeared after, until 1851, when Gos- 
port sent a representative to the state 
legislature, in the person of Richard 
G. Haley, and continued sending most 
of the time till 1876, when the town 
went out of existence as a political 
entity, being annexed by act of the 
legislature to the town of Rye, a part 
of whose jurisdiction it still consti- 
tutes. 

A small fort was erected near the 
westerly point of Star Island about 
1653 to protect trade — restored in 
1692, and again on the breaking out 
of the French and Indian war in 1745, 
on which a number of small guns were 
mounted; but when the Revolution 
broke out this was dismantled, and 
the guns removed to the mainland, it 
being found that the islands ''afforded 
sustenance and recruits to the enemy." 
It was to the Shoals, in fact, that Sir 
John Wentworth, the last, and in 
some respects, the best, of the royal 
governors,, took his departure from 
Portsmouth, when the patriotic spirit 
of the people became too ardent for 
his royalist sympathies, and from here 
he issued his last official proclama- 



The Story of the Isles of Shoals 



239 



tion, September 21, 1775. adjourning 
the assembly, which proclamation, 
however, was practically disregarded 
by that body. In order to prevent all 
possibility of aid to the British, from 
this quarter, however, by order of the 
assembly the inhabitants were com- 
pelled to remove to the mainland. 

Following is a vote of the Assembly 
or "Congress" bearing upon this 
matter: 

Friday Jan> o th 1776. . . . 

Voted That Capt. Titus Salter & Capt. 
Eliphalet Daniel be appointed to go over to 
the Isles of Shoals and Inform all the Inhab- 
itants there that it is the opinion of this Con- 
gress that the situation of said Islands are 
such that the Inhabitants are expos'd to our 
enemies in the Present unhappy controversie 
and may be obliged (by their weak Defence- 
less circumstances, <Sz Inability to Defend 
themselves) to assist our enemies, and that 
for said reasons it is absolutely Necessary that 
the}- should Imediately remove with their 
effects to the main Land to such place or 
places as they shall ehuse <k to tarry During 
the present Dispute — -and provided they neg- 
lect to comply herewith for the Term of ten 
days after this Notice That they be Informed 
that they must be bro't off by authority. 

(Report of the abovesaid Committee.) 
Pursuant to the above vote of Congress we 
repair'd to the Island of Shoal^s the 10 th In- 
stant being the First favorable opportunity 
that ofier'd and after communicating to the 
Inhabitants the contents of the vote of Con- 
gress we proceeded to number the Inhabi- 
tants and underneath are the different num- 
bers on each Island. 

Star Island Men 31 

Women 34 
Children 94-159 
Hog Island Men 13 

Women 13 
Children 29- 49 
Smutty Nose Men 2 

Women 2 
Children 15- 19 
Total — 
227 
Jany l$tfa 1775. 

< N.H. Provincial Papers, vol. VII, pp. 709, 
710.) 

One of the hard results of this whole- 
sale deportation of the Shoals popu- 
lation is forcibly indicated by the 
action of the people of Portsmouth at 
a town meeting held December 18, 
1776, in passing a vote instructing 
their representatives in the General 
Court "to exert themselves to secure 



a support for the Poor of the Isles of 
Shoals, out of the Public Treasury, to 
ease the burthens of this town which 
lias been at great expense on their 
account, and at a time when we are 
unable to maintain our own." 

It may be of interest to note, as 
showing the existence in some meas- 
ure, even in those early days, of con- 
ditions of which we hear loud com- 
plaint at the present time in many 
quarters, that at this same meeting in 
Portsmouth the people in formal reso- 
lution expressed their deep concern at 
seeing "Monopolies, Extortion and 
Oppression so predominant in Town 
<fc County, by which the Poor, the 
Widow, the Orphan, the Fatherless 
and many other classes of People are 
suffering under every discouragement ,." 

After the war some of the former 
inhabitants returned so that the cen- 
sus of 1790 gave Gosport a population 
of 93. The highest figure shown at 
any subsequent census was 127 in 
1800, and in 1870 — the last census 
before the town went out of existence, 
— the return was 94. 

The religious history of any com- 
munity ma}' properly be regarded as 
of no less importance than the com- 
mercial or political. The earl}' set- 
tlers here, so far as they had religious 
convictions or preferences at all, were 
adherents of the Church of England, 
and had no sympathy with Puritans 
or dissenters, and the first services, in 
a small chapel, were conducted by 
ministers of the established faith, the 
first of whom there is any record of 
having officiated here being Rev. 
Joseph Hull, then settled at "Acco- 
menticus," or York, Ale., who visited 
the islands and ministered to the 
people occasionally previous to 1640. 
During the latter year Rev. Robert 
Jordan similarly officiated, the first 
church edifice having been built about 
that time, and, in 1641 and 2, Rev. 
Richard Gibson, who had practically 
been ousted from his parish at Straw- 
berry Bank or Portsmouth through 
the Puritan influence in Massachu- 
setts Ray, under the control of which 



240 



The Granite Monthly 



colony the New Hampshire settle- 
ments had then come, was settled here. 
Mr. Gibson left for England near the 
close of 1642, and no other Episcopa- 
lian was settled, though there were 
occasional ministrations, subsequently 
by Rev. Mr. Hull of York. 

In 1646, or thereabouts, Congrega- 
tionalism secured a foothold here, and 
the Rev. John Brock came as the first 









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The Tucke Monument 

settled minister of that faith, remain- 
ing several years. Subsequent min- 
isters were a Rev. Mr. Hall, Rev. 
Samuel Belcher, Rev. Samuel Moody, 
Rev. Daniel Greenleaf, and Rev. 
Joshua Moody of Portsmouth, who 
supplied from 1707 till 1732, when, on 
the 26th of July, Rev. John Tucke 
was ordained and installed, continu- 
ing in the pastorate until his death, 
August 12, 1773. Subsequently the 



Rev. Jeremiah Shaw supplied, until 
the dispersal of the population at the 
outbreak of the Revolution. 

A new meeting house had been 
built on Star Island in 1700, whither 
the people had mostly removed, as 
has been stated, which was occupied 
from that time; but about 1790, as the 
Rev. Jedediah Morse wrote, after a 
visit to the islands, in behalf -of the 
"Society for Propagating the Gospel 
among the Indians and others in 
North America/' ''Some of the people 
of the baser sort not having the fear 
of God before their eyes, pulled down 
and burnt the meeting house, which 
was a neat - and convenient building 
and had been greatly useful, not only 
as a place for religious worship, but as 
a landmark for seamen approaching 
this part of the coast/ 5 

In 1800, however, through the ef- 
forts of the society in question, a new 
meeting house, with walls of stone — 
the present structure — was erected at 
a cost of $1 ,400, and dedicated on the 
24th of November of that year, the 
Rev. Dr. Morse officiating. The 
woodwork in this church was partially 
destroyed by fire January 2, 1S26, but 
was restored later, through . contri- 
butions from outside parties. 

For nearly seventy years after the 
erection of the new church, the society 
mentioned sent missionary ministers 
to this place, who did faithful work in 
the en use of religion and education as 
well, often serving as school teachers 
as well as preachers. These included 
Rev. Jacob Emerson, Rev. Josiah 
Stevens, Rev. Samuel Sewall, Rev. 
Origin Smith, Rev. Avery Plummef, 
Rev. J. Mason, Rev. George Beebe, 
and many others, the last in the serv- 
ice being the Rev. Mr. Hughes, who 
came in 1869 but did not long remain. 

This new church of which we speak 
— the present Star Island meeting 
house — the last of four successive 
houses of worship erected on these 
islands, relatively new, in that the 
islands had been peopled for at least 
ISO years when it was built, is, never- 
theless, an ancient structure — older, 



The Story of the Isles of Shoals 



241 



indeed, than many of the cherished 
old meeting houses of our New Eng- 
land country towns. Since its walls 
were reared the population of our 
country has increased from six to 
ninety millions and its material 
wealth in vastly greater proportion. 
Since then the nation has passed 
through four great wars; and at last, 
let us hope, faces the dawn of a per- 
petual peace. The gray, old walls. 
could they take note of passing time 
and changing event, could tell a won- 
drous story of human progress, how- 
ever small the part in the work per- 
formed by those who have, from time 
to time, worshiped within their en- 
closure. To the visiting stranger, the 
church is, naturally, an object of in- 
terest and to some a source of inspira- 
tion. Years ago, standing by its walls 
as the evening shadows fell, Edna 
Dean Proctor, whose lines have al- 
ready been quoted in another con- 
nection, was moved to the production 
of the little poem entitled "'Star Is- 
land Church/' appearing in different 
editions of her published verse, 
wherein she says: 

Gray as the fog-wreaths over it blown 

\\ hen the surf beats high and the caves make 

moan, 
Stained with lichens and stormy weather 
The church and the scarred rocks ris? together, 
And you scarce may tell, if a shadow falls 
Which are the ledges and which the walls. 

By the somber tower, when day-light dies 
And dim as a cloud the horizon lies, 
I love to linger and watch the sails 
Turn to the harbor with freshening gales, 
Till yacht and dory and coaster bold 
Are moored as s;;fe as a flock in a fold. 

White Island lifts its ruddy shine 
High and cl> j ar o'er the weltering brine, 
And Boone and Portsmouth and far Cape Ann 
Flame, the dusk of the deep to span. 
And the only sounds by the tower that be 
Are the wail of the wind and the wash of the 
eea. 

Let us turn now from the premier 
poet of the hills, who has immortal- 
ized our New Hampshire mountains, 
lakes and rivers; who has studied 
nature in all her aspects and man in 
all his moods, and yet, approaching 



four score years, still lives, to serve, 
to labor and enjoy, to that sweet 
singer of the sea — the sweetest, gen- 
lest spirit ever known on our Atlantic 
Coast — Celia Laighton Thaxter, born 
in Portsmouth June 29, 1S36; died on 
Appledore, August 26, 1894. Her life, 
linked with these islands almost con- 
tinually for half a century, and the 
beautiful word pictures which she 
painted, gave them more of note than 
any other agency. Coming here, a 
child of three years, when her father, 
Hon. Thomas B. Laighton, took 
charge of White Island Light, in 1837, 
her early years were here entirely 
passed and after her marriage in 1851, 
to Levi Lincoln Thaxter, she ever 
lived in summer in the old family 
home on Appledore. Here she com- 
muned with Nature in someof her wild- 
est and some of her calmest moods, 
studied her in her most striking 
phases and painted her charms in word 
colors that will never die. Plere, too, 
she was wont to turn from the grand- 
eur of ocean's broad expanse to revel in 
the beauties of that little "Island 
Garden" — child of her heart and 
creature of her hands — immortalized 
in that enchanting volume which is 
her own enduring monument. Her 
love of flowers, and her tasie and skill 
in their cultivation, were but the fit- 
ting complement of that fine spirit of 
appreciation of the grand and beau- 
tiful in her surrounding world of rock 
and sea and sky. She was, indeed, a 
true child of Nature and one of her 
sweetest and brightest interpreters. 

Let us contemplate for a moment 
the picture she paints of the impres- 
sion gained by the stranger first visit- 
ing The Shoals: 

"Landing for the first time the stranger is 
struek only by the sadness of the plaee, — the 
vast loneliness; for there are not even trees to 
whisper with familiar voices — nothing but sky 
and sea and rocks. But the very wiklness and 
desolation reveal a strange beauty to him. 
Let him wait till the evening comes . . . 

'With sunset purple soothing all the waste/ 

and he will find himself slowly succumbing to 



242 



The Gran) it 



the subtile charm of that sea atmosphere. He 
sleeps with ail the waves of the Atlantic mur- 
muring in his ears, and wakes to the freshness 
of a summer morning, and it seems as if 
morning were made for the first time. For 
the world is like a new-blown rose, and in the 
heart of it he stands, with only the caressing 
music of the waters to break the utter silence, 



glorified and softened beneath the fresh first 
blush of sunrise. All things are speekless and 
spotk-ss; there is no dust, no noise, nothing 
but peace in the sweet air and on the quiet 
sea." 

In the midst of such a scene as she 
here pictures well may Mrs. Thaxter 



The Cap Stone and Bronze Tablet, Captain John SmLth Monument, 
Star Island, Isles of Shoals, Dedicated, July 29, 1914 



unless, perhaps, a song sparrow pours out its 
blissful warble like an embodied joy. The sea 
is rosy, and the sky; the line of land is radiant; 
the scattered sails glow with the delicious 
color that touches, so tenderly, the bare bleak 
rocks. These are lovelier than sky or sea or 
distant sails, or graceful gull's wings, red- 
dened with the dawn; nothing takes color so 
beautifully as the bleached granite; the shad- 
ows are delicate and the fine hard outlines arc 



have been inspired to the production 
of that beautiful poem, "Daybreak," 
in whose closing words she says: 

I turn my face in worship 

To the glory of the East; 
I thank the lavish Giver 

Of rny life's perpetual feast, 
And fain would I be worthy 

To partake of Nature's bliss, 
And share with her a moment 

So exquisite as this! 



The Story of the Isles of Shoals 



243 



The sublime confidence of this 
sweet spirit of the isles, whose very 
life was an embodied joy. like the 
song sparrow's music of which she 
speaks, in the "Eternal Goodness" — ■ 
the infinite purpose of the Almighty, 
is fittingly expressed in the final lines 
of her poem "Trust": 

Behind the cloud Thou waitest, hidden, yet 
very near; 
Infinite spirit of Beaut v. Infinite power of 
Good, . 
At last Thou wilt scatter the vapors and all 
things shall be clear, 
And evil shall vanish away like a mist by 
the wind pursued. 

- As has been said, there is no con- 
nected history of the Isles of Shoals. 
Moreover in what has been written 
there are discrepancies and disagree- 
ments in matters of detail, into the 
discussion of which I have no purpose 
to enter. Those who have not al- 
ready studied the subject, and who 
care to do so, will undoubtedly find 
the most complete account of the is- 
lands appearing in any single volume, 
in "The Isles of Shoals," by John 
Scribner Jenness, which ran through 
several editions in the latter part of 
the last century. The author was a 
Xew York lawyer, of literary tenden- 
cies and a bent for historical research, 
a native of Portsmouth and a son of 
that Richard Jenness who was a prom- 
inent figure in public life in Xew 
Hampshire in the middle of the last 
century and president of the State 
Senate in 1850. In Celia Thaxter's 
" Among the Isles of Shoals," appear- 
ing first in a series of articles in the 
Atlantic Monthly about 1875, and sub- 
sequently published in book form, in 
many successive editions, there is 
much matter of historic interest and 
value, interwoven with descriptive 
writing of the most charming charac- 
ter; but for the most comprehensive 
story, in brief, the Historical Souvenir 
prepared in 1905, by Lewis W. Brew- 
ster, and presented on the occasion of 
the visit of the Xew Hampshire Pub- 
lishers' Association, or the chapter on 
"The Isles of Shoals" in the history 
of the town of Rye, by Langdon B. 



Parsons., to which town the Xew 
Hampshire portion of the islands now 
belongs may well be recommended. 

Briefly summarizing the matter, in 
conclusion, it may suffice the present 
purpose to say that these islands were 
first visited, traversed and named, in 
1614, by Capt. John Smith, the sav- 
ior of Virginia and the father of Xew 
England, to whose memory a bronze 
tablet, properly inscribed, has just 
been placed by the N. H. Society of Co- 
lonial Wars, upon the restored monu- 
ment, erected fifty years ago by Rev. 
Daniel Austion, upon a commanding 
point of Star Island. They were soon 
after inhabited by a colony of hardy 
fishermen, who increased in numbers 
as the business developed, which was 
quite rapidly, since the climate here- 
prevailing, being specially favorable 
for curing the fish, was found no less 
advantageous than the abundance of 
the supply. With the growth of the 
fishing industry, and the incidental 
development of various lines of trade, 
the place assumed commercial im- 
portance, and retained the same for 
a long period of time. Here, indeed, 
was one of the important ports of the 
North Atlantic Coast, trade with Eng- 
land, France and Spain being carried 
on quite extensively, and news from 
the old world reaching northern Xew 
England via the Shoals. 

For nearly 250 years the Shoals 
remained primarily a fishing station, 
fishermen and sailors of various na- 
tionalities constituting the bulk of 
the population, some with families 
and many without, with a small per- 
centage of enterprising men in the 
midst, seeking, legitimately perhaps, 
to make profit for themselves from the 
industry of others, and really bene- 
fiting the mass while advancing them- 
selves. An attempt was made at one 
time in the early history of the 
islands to bar women from the com- 
munity, but it failed miserably, as, 
in the very nature of things, should 
have been expected. The popula- 
tion shifted in location and in num- 
bers, as has been seen, but its essen- 



241 



The Granite Monthly 



rial character remained substantially 
the same. That the people, on the 
whole, were godly and devout, as one 
writer at least would have it. is 
scarcely probable; neither is it likely 
that they were generally an espe- 
cially wicked and ungodly lot, given 
over to drunkenness, debauchery and 
all manner of crime and iniquity, as 
seems to be represented by most 
writers. As in all communities, made 
up in the main of people such as con- 
stituted the mass of population here, 
there was more or less drinking, dis- 
order and roisterous conduct without 
doubt, and occasional violence and 
crime, which, when it occurred and 
was reported abroad, occasioned com- 
ment as a matter of course, while no 
thought or note was taken uf the 
orderly, everyday life of the people. 
One crime in comparatively recent 
years when the fishing population had 
nearly disappeared — the cold-blooded 
murder of the Christ ensen sisters, on 
Smutty Xose, on the night of March 
b, 1873, by Louis Wagner, a German 
transient, is still remembered by the 
older generation of our New England 
people, as one of the most atrocious 
homicides re-corded in the calendar 
of crime; but neither this, nor pre- 
vious similar or different acts of crim- 
inal nature, can justly be set down as 
typifying the character of the com- 
munity in which they occurred. "We 
are bound to believe that the people 
of the Isles of Shoals, who for ten 
generations lived and loved and 
labored in their chosen vocation till 
dissolution came, and whose mortal 
remains still rest in the scant soil of 
the islands, or have been swept, in 
disintegrated particles, by the winds 
of Heaven, into the surging waters 
of the Atlantic, were no better and no 
worse than others of the children 
of men, restricted by similar limita- 
tions and burdened by similar dis- 
advantages; and that, in fact, they 
held their allotted place and fairly per- 
formed their intended task in the 
grand economy of the universe, which 
through the processes of the eternal 



years works out the purpo-e of the 
Infinite. 

Four names — perhaps we should 
say five— stand out prominently in 
the history of these islands: 

Capt. John Smith, who discovered, 
named, and advertised them to the 
world. 

Rev. John Tuck, who for more than 
forty years ministered to the souls 
and bodies of the people with a meas- 
ure of zeal, devotion and self-sacrifice, 
seldom equalled and never surpassed, 
and above whose mortal resting place 
a stately granite obelisk has just been 
erected and appropriately dedicated, 
through the generosity of a public- 
spirited kinsman. 

Thomas B. Laighton, who left the 
political and social life of the main- 
land to be for years the keeper of a 
lighthouse on these dreary islands, 
and through whose active instrumen- 
tality, and that of his sons, Cedric 
and Oscar, the latter of whom still 
has his home on Appledore, they 
ultimately evolved from a fishing 
station into a splendid and popular 
summer resort, the most attractive 
in New England for many years, and 
still favored by those who seek quiet 
enjoyment and absolute rest, re- 
moved from all the activities of main- 
land life. 

Celia Laiglttoft Thaxter, immor- 
talized in the work of her own pen, 
inspired by these surroundings. 

With these may be included, not 
improperly, Samuel Haley, who lived 
here through a long life, dying in 1811 
at the age of 84 years. He carried 
on business extensively in various 
lines; had a store, hotel and rope 
walk; owned the whole of Smutty 
Nose, sometimes called Haley's Island 
in his honor; accomplished more in 
the line of agriculture than any other- 
man, on the islands, though none ever 
had any extensive herds of cattle, 
sheep and swine, as has sometimes 
been claimed; built a protecting sea 
wall, greatly improving the harbor: 
lived a worthy, private life and did 
much for the benefit of the islands 



Our Or unite Hills 245 

Who snail say. however, that, ignorant, yet devoted and seif-sacri- 
though these names, worthy and facing women, patiently performing 
honorable, are written large on the their homely household duties and 
scroll of fame, some, humbler and tenderly earing for the sick and 
long forgotten, if ever remembered by suffering around them — are not writ- 
men — names of simple fishermen, who ten in grander characters, on the 
faced unseen and untold dangers in pages of that great Book of Life whose 
pursuit of their daily tasks, and record grows clearer and brighter as 
risked their own lives in rescue of the ages roll by in their eternal pro- 
their fellows; or of poor, uncultured, cession? 



OUR GEANITE HILLS 

By Lena B. EUingwooi 

When David, long ago, in Palestine, 

Said, "I will lift mine eyes 
Unto the hills," and saw their vastness spread 

'Neath rare Judean skies, 

No grander sight he saw than greets the eye 

Here in our Granite State; 
Our own fair scenery and David's land 

Have charms commensurate. 

The presidential group's heaven-kissing peaks 
Tower in their stately pride, 

And lesser mountains, dignified — sublime- 
Cluster on every side. 

Whatever Nature's mood — or grave, or gay, 

What e'er the time of year, 
The splendor of their pageantry attracts, 

Majestic, grand, austere. 

Cloud-capped and somber, shrouded deep in gloom ; 

Or bathed in sunset's glow; 
Their beetling crags and over-hanging cliffs 

Piled high with winter's snow; 

Or when swift -moving clouds of summer time 

High in the heavens glide, 
And ever-shifting sun and shadow fall 

Upon the mountain side — 

We know the rapture that their charm inspires, 

Beyond the charm of art, 
And how the mountains round Jerusalem 

Spoke to the Psalmist's heart. 



THE PRIMARY ELECTION OF 1914 

By an Occasional Contributor 



The third state-wide primary elec- 
tion in New Hampshire will be held 
on September 1, 1914. The time for 
the filing of candidacies with the Sec- 
retary of State expired August 10, 
when more names were found to have 
been enrolled with him than in either 
previous election. For some places, 
mainly of minor importance, however. 
no declarations of candidacy were 
made and in these cases nominations 
will bv made by the writing in of 
names at the primary election, as was 
done to a greater or less extent in both 
1910 and 1912. 

In two respects this primary elec- 
tion differs from either of its predeces- 
sors. This year for the first time 
nominations for United States Sena- 
tor are made at the primary, preced- 
ing the first election of this officer by 
popular vote in November. And this 
year for the first time official ballots 
are prepared for three parties instead 
of two, the vote cast by the Progres- 
sives in 1912 entitling them to rank 
at this election as a ''regular }^arty ,J 
along with the Republicans and Dem- 
ocrats. 

There are no contests among the 
members of the new party for the 
principal places on the ticket, the only 
competition being in some senatorial 
districts and counties where both lie- 
publican and Democratic candidates 
go upon the Progressive ballot also 
by petition. 

In the Republican party there is no 
opposition to the reelection of United 
States Senator Jacob H. Gallinger: 
but in each congressional district there 
are three candidates for the nomina- 
tion, and for governor, also, there is 
a contest. 

The one prominent Democrat who 
is without opposition in his own party 
is Congressman Eugene E. Reed of 
the First District. In the other con- 
gressional district and for the senator- 
ship and the governorship there is 
lively competition. 



Sketches of many of the candidates 
for high office at this election have 
appealed in the past in the Granite 
Monthly. Others are appended in 
this number to the complete list of 
candidacies for the principal places, 
which is as follows: 

Fop. United States Senator 
Republican. Jacob H. Gallinger, 
Concord; Democratic, Raymond B. 
Stevens, Landau, Calvin Page, Ports- 
mouth, William H. Barry, Nashua; 
Progressive, Benjamin F. Greer, Goffs- 
town. 

For Congressmen 
First District: Republican, Rufus 
N. Elwell, Exeter. Cyrus A. Sulloway, 
Manchester, Frederick W. Shontell, 
Manchester; Democratic, Eugene E. 
Reed, Manchester; Progressive, Fred- 
erick W. Shontell, -Manchester. 

Second District: Republican, Ed- 
ward II. Wason, Nashua, Charles Gale 
Shedd. Keene, George L. Whitford, 
Warner; Democratic, Charles J: 
French, Concord, Enos K. Sawyer, 
Franklin; Progressive, George A. Wea- 
ver, Warren. 

For Governor 
Republican, Rolland IT. Spaulding, 
Rochester, Rosecrans W. Pilisbury, 
Londonderry; Democratic, Albert W. 
Noone, Peterborough, John C. Hutch- 
ins, Stratford, Daniel W. Badger, 
Portsmouth; Progressive, Henry D. 
Allison, Dublin. 

For the Executive Council 
First District: Republican, James 
B. Wallace, Canaan, John A. Edgerly, 
Tuftonborough; Democratic, Edward 
E. Gates, Lisbon; Progressive, Ben- 
jamin F. St. Clair, Plymouth. 

Second District: Republican, John 
Scammon, Exeter; Democratic, Arthur 
D. Rollins, Alton; Progressive, Oliver 
L. Frisbee, Portsmouth. 

Third District: Republican, John 
B. Cavanaugh, Manchester, Nathan- 



The Priman/ Election 



2L 



iej Doane, Manchester; Democratic, 
Samuel H. Connor, Manchester; Pro- 
gressive, Henry W. N,. Bennett. Lon- 
donderry, 

Fourth District: Republican, Frank 
Huntress, Keene; Democratic, James 
Farnsworth, Nashua, John W. Pren- 
tiss, Alstead. 

Fifth District: Republican,. Solon 
A. Carter, Concord; Democratic, 
Chailes B. Rogers, Pembroke; Dr. 
Edwin P, Hodgdon, Laconia; Pro- 
gressive, Dr. Edwin P. Hodgdon, 
Laconia. 

For the State Sexate 

First District : Republican, Eugene 
F. Bailey, Berlin: Democratic. Frank 
E. Paine, Berlin. 

Second District: Republican, Dr. 
Edgar O. Grossman, Lisbon; Demo- 
cratic, Frank M. Richardson, Little- 
ton, Myron H. Richardson, Littleton. 

Third District: Republican, Elmer 
E. Woodbury, Woodstock; Demo- 
cratic, Amos N. Blandin, Bath; Pro- 
gressive, Selwvn K. Dearborn, Haver- 
hill. 

Fourth District: Republican, Ar- 
thur R. Shirley, Conway: Democratic, 
Henry H. Randall, Conway. 

Fifth District: Republican, Fred 
A. Jones, Lebanon; Democratic and 
Progressive, Frank A. Musgrove, 
Hanover. 

Sixth District: Republican, Wil- 
liam Rockwell Clough, Alton, Edward 
H. Shannon, Laconia; Democratic, 
"Willis J. Sanborn, Sanbornton; Pro- 
gressive, Edward H. Shannon, La- 
conia, Willis J. Sanborn, Sanbornton. 

Seventh District: Republican, 
George E. Clark, Franklin; Demo- 
cratic, Daniel X. Whittaker, Franklin; 
Progressive, Henry C. Holbrook, Con- 
cord. 

Eighth District: Republican, Wil- 
liam E. Kinney, Claremont; Demo- 
cratic, Oscar C. Young, Charlestown. 

Ninth District: Republican, Wil- 
liam A. Danforth, Hopkinton, Michael 
J. Sullivan, Concord, Charles F. 
Thompson, Concord; Democratic, 
Henry E. Eaton, Hopkinton, Charles 



R. Jameson, Antrim; Progressive, 
Henry E. Eaton, Hopkinton, Charles 
R. Jameson, Antrim, 

Tenth District: Republican, Orville 
E. Cain, Keene, Herbert A. Davis, 
Keene; Democratic, Fred J. Marvin, 
Alstead; Progressive, Henry W. Lane, 
Keene. 

Eleventh District: Republican, Ezra 
M. Smith. Peterborough, Charles W. 
Fletcher. Rindge; Democratic, Ste- 
phen A. Bullock. Richmond, Xed 
Thrasher, Rindge. 

Twelfth District : Republican. 
Charles W. Howard, Nashua, William 
B. Roteh, Milford; Democratic, 
Henry A. Cutter, Nashua; Progres- 
sive, Henry A. Cutter, -Nashua. 

Thirteenth District: Democratic, 
Alvin T. Lucier, Nashua, William H. 
Robichaud, Nashua. 

Fourteenth District: Republican, 
Rufus M. Weeks, Pembroke; Demo- 
cratic, Nathaniel S. Drake, Pittsfield; 
Progressive, Nathaniel S. Drake. Pitts- 
field. 

Fifteenth District: Republican, 
Hamilton A. Kendall, Concord, 
George Cook, Concord; Democratic, 
Nathaniel E. Martin, Concord. 

Sixteenth District: Republican, 
George I. Haselton, Manchester, Hal- 
bert N. Bond, Manchester; Demo- 
cratic, Oliver E. Branch, Manchester; 
Progressive, Ludger Deschenes, Man- 
chest er. 

Seventeenth District: Republican, 
David W. Perkins, Manchester; Dem- 
ocratic, Joseph P. Kenney, Manches- 
ter, Edward J. Flanagan, Manchester. 

Eighteenth District: Republican, 
Adolph Wagner, Manchester; Demo- 
cratic, Denis E. O'Leary, Manches- 
ter, Charles Robitaille, Manchester. 

Nineteenth District: Republican, 
William Marcotte, Manchester; Dem- 
ocratic, John W. S. Joyal, Manches- 
ter. 

Twentieth District: Republican, 
Charles W. Varney, Rochester: Dem- 
ocratic, Joseph Warren, Rochester. 

Twenty-first District: Republican, 
Alvah T. Ramsdell, Dover, George J. 
Foster, Dover, Valentine Mathes, 



248 



The Gr unite Monthly 



Dover. John S. F. Seavey, Barring- 
ton, William II. Knox. Madbury; 
Democratic. Scott W. Caswell, Dover; 
Progressive, Arthur II. Morrison, 
Dover. 

Twenty-second District: Republi- 
can, Wesley W. Payne, Deny, John E. 
Cochran, Windham, Carl J. Whiting, 
Raymond; Democratic, William PL 
•Benson, Deny; Progressive, William 
H. Benson, Deny. 

Twenty-third District : Republican, 



governor' of Xew Hampshire, was born 
in Townsend Harbor, Mass., March 
15, 1S73. and was educated at Phillips 
Academy. Andoyer, Mass.. graduating 
in 1898. His father, Jonas Spaulding, 
was engaged in the fibre manufactur- 
ing business, conducting the success- 
ful plant at Fremont which his 
family still controls. His three sons 
took their father's business and. by 
extraordinary ability and application, 
have expanded it to great proportions. 



y 



Kcm. Rol.rmd H. Spaulding 



Herbert Perkins, Hampton, Clarence 
M, Collins, Danville; Democratic, 
William D. Ingalls. Hast Kingston. 

Twenty-fourth District: Republi- 
can, Edward Percy Stoddard, Ports- 
mouth, Sherman T. Newton, Ports- 
mouth; Democratic, John G. Parsons, 
Portsmouth, Oliver B. Marvin, New- 
castle; Progressive, Alvah H. Place, 
Newmarket. 



Holland H. Spaulding, candidate 
for the Republican nomination for 



erecting first, some eighteen years ago, 
a plant at Milton, this state, then an- 
other at North Rochester, followed by 
a third at Tonawanda, N. Y.; and 
they have interests also in St. Louis. 
"Practically all of the large financial 
resources of the three brothers is the 
result of their own ability and hard 
work/' says one who knows them well. 
" Three better business men have 
never made their way to the front in 
the old Granite State." Roliand 
Spaulding has made his home at 



The Primary Election. 



249 



North Rochester/ since the establish- 
ment of the business there and has 
ta?ken a lively interest in all matters 
pertaining to the welfare of city and 
state. This interest, incited by his 
legislative experience with the famous 
Spaulding- Junes charter bill at the 
session of 1907. led him to turn part 
of his energy into the field of politics 
and to become associated with the 
progressive movement within the Re- 
publican party in New Hampshire. 



qualities which will make for his suc- 
cess in public life as they have al- 
ready in business and other relations. 

Hon. Albeit Wellington Noone of 

Peterborough, candidate for the Dem- 
ocratic nomination for governor, was 
born in Peterborough. October 4, 
1846, son of Joseph and Margaret 
(Gallup) Noone, his ancestry having 
been traced back authoritatively to 
the great Charlemagne, Emperor of 



. 



A 



Hon. Albert W. Noone 



In 1912 he was a leader among the 
large number of Taft Progressives, 
so-called, in New Hampshire, and in 
recognition ox that fact was made a 
delegate to the Republican National 
Convention. His gubernatorial can- 
didacy at this time is not the result of 
personal ambition, but is a response to 
a very general call for his leadership 
from all elements of the Republican 
Party in the state. Personally Mr. 
Spaulding is agreeable, kindly and 
genial, but at the same time, inde- 
pendent, self-reliant and determined, 



the West. After an academic and 
business college education, Mr. Xoone 
succeeded his father in the business of 
woolen manufacturing at Peterborough 
and has since conducted with great- 
success the mills there. He also is the 
proprietor of similarly successful mills 
at Waterville, Me.; has large banking 
interests; and is the owner of thou- 
sands of acres of real estate. He did 
not enter actively into politics until 
the election of 1912 when he became 
the successful candidate of his party 
in the Third Councilor District. As 



2c 



The Granite Monthly 



councilor. Mr. Xoone has been active, 
influential and untiring in the pursuit 
of his duties. The knowledge of state 
affairs, of New Hampshire's needs and 
possibilities, which he gained in this 
capacity, inspired him with a desire 
to do his utmost for their realization 
and, in consequence, he has entered 
upon his present candidacy. "I am 



serving as chairman of the board of 
selectmen of Peterborough. He is a 
Mason and a Unitarian and was one 
of the charter members of the Peter- 
borough Cavalry. His candidacy is 
based upon a platform full of sound 
ideas and principles and it is advanced 
by a man whose capacity for making 
friends is remarkable. 



.. i .,.-,,_: 



Hon. Daniel W. Badger 



the plain people's progressive candi- 
date," he says, and "1 ask the sup- 
port of all parties who want a govern- 
ment for and by the people." Mr. 
Noone's ante-primary canvass has 
been thorough, vigorous and dashing. 
He has covered the entire state in its 
course, having been accompanied on 
many of his trips by his loyal and 
estimable wife, who was Miss Fannie 
M. Warren of Dublin, of Revolution- 
ary ancestry. At the urgent request 
of his townsmen, Mr.' Xoone is now 



Hon. Daniel W. Badger of Ports- 
mouth, candidate for the Democratic 
gubernatorial nomination, although 
last to enter the field, presents an 
equipment in the line of administra- 
tive experience and ability unsur- 
passed by that of any man who has 
been named as a candidate by either 
party in the state for many years, 
Air. Badger is in the prime of vigorous 
manhood, still under fifty, having 
been born in Portsmouth August 18, 
1865, son of David and Nancy S. 



The Primary Election, 



251 



(Campbell) JB-adgef. Educated in the 
schools of Portsmouth and Xewing- 
ton. he early engaged in farming in 

the latter town, where he married 
Miss Edith M. Whidden, January 
20, 1SS6. He held his residence in 
Xewington till 1909 when he removed 
to a farm in the suburban district of 
Portsmouth, continuing, successfully, 
his farming operations in both places. 
While residing; in Newington he had 
served his town efficiently in various 
capacities, and, as its representative 
in the legislature of 1903, had courage- 
ously antagonized the domination of 
railroad power, in the interests of the 
people, long before other men who 
subsequently sought to make political 
capital in so doing. The Democrats 
of Portsmouth, in 1910, planning a 
strong appeal to popular favor, named 
Mr. Badger as their candidate' for 
mayor, to which office he was elected, 
though the Republicans had just car- 
ried the city by 300 majority on the 
governor vote. As mayor he set his 
face firmly in the direction of honest 
government and a clean city, sustained 
by moral courage of a high order, which 
is his distinguishing characteristic, and 
made such a record for executive vigor 
during his term of service, which 
continued three years, through two 
successive reelections, that his admin- 
istration became notable throughout 
New England. As a member of the 
council of Governor Felker. from old 
District Xo. 1, serving on the finance 
and state house committees, Mr. 
Badger ha c contributed largely to the 
success of the administration through 
his sound judgment and practical 
ability. His knowledge of agriculture 
and the needs of the farming commu- 
nity also enabled him to render efficient 
service in the position of commissioner 
of agriculture, which he held tempo- 
rarily for several months, while Gover- 
nor Felker was casting about for the 
right man as permanent incumbent. 
Mr. and Mrs. Badger have eight chil- 
dren — two sons and six daughters. — 
He is a Mason, an Elk, a Knight of 
Pythias and a Patron of Husbandry 



and is popular in all orders. In reli- 
gion he is a Unitarian. 

Henry D. Allison, who will be the 
Progressive party candidate for gov- 
ernor without opposition, was born in 
Dublin, forty-five years ago, of Scotch 
Irish and Mayflower-Pilgrim ancestry, 
the son of James and Sarah Jane 
(Darracott) Allison. Three genera- 
tions prior to Mr. Allison have lived 
on the home farm at the base of Mo- 
nadnock Mountain in Dublin, where 
he was born and brought up. James 
Allison, his father, had been a mem- 
ber of the school board, and board of 
selectmen for man}' years, and had 
twice represented the town in the 
legislature. Up to the time of his 
death last spring, he was a deacon in 
the Unitarian Church, which position 
he had held for more than forty years. 
Six of the eight children in his father's 
family, including the subject of this 
sketch, taught school. Henry D. 
Allison left home at sixteen to make 
his own way and complete his educa- 
tion. He graduated from a business 
college in Boston, then kept books, 
taught penmanship, and afterwards 
bought the business he now owns. He 
married Florence Gowing Mason of 
Dublin in 1891, and they have three 
children. He is past master of Alte- 
mont Masonic Lodge, Peterborough, 
member of Hugh de Payens Com- 
mandery of Knights Templar, Keene, 
and Paquog Lodge of Odd Fellows, 
Marlborough. Mr. Allison is em- 
phatically a native son, and his finan- 
cial interests are all in his home town. 
That he is loyal to Xew Hampshire 
educational institutions is demon- 
strated by the fact that he is sending 
his son to Phillips-Exeter, and Dart- 
mouth College. In the last legislature 
he was chairman of the committee on 
public improvements, chairman of the 
Progressive caucus, and one of five 
members of the re-districting com- 
mittee. He is not a wealthy man, but 
as a native sou who has successfully 
made his own way in life, and having 
at heart the future interests and clevel- 



252 



The Granite Monthly 



opment of the State, he hopes his can- 
didacy for the governorship may 
appeal to the rank and file of New 
Hampshire citizens. 

Benjamin F. Greer, unopposed, can- 
didate for the Progressive nomination 
for United States Senator, is a New 
Hampshire man in every sense of the 
word. Born in G offst own, January 20, 
1864, lie has since spent his entire life 
there, with the exception of two years 



ing of his business, He took an active 
part in the politics of the town, even 
before his majority, looking after 
absent voters and getting them to the 
polls. In 1901, after one of the hot- 
test campaigns, he received the nomi- 
nation over four candidates and was 
elected by a large majority to the 
General Court. During the entire 
session, he showed much independence 
in his voting, not heeding the crack of 
the party whip. Goffstown had not 



v- : 



I 



Henry D. \lilson 



in Manchester while manager of the 
Public Market Company store, though 
he still retained his voting residence in 
his native town. His early life was 
spent upon the same farm where he at 
present lives, attending the public 
schools and Pinkerton Academy. At 
the age of twenty-two, he began to 
run a large general country store at 
Goffstown Centre, now Grasmere, 
which he continued for eighteen years, 
also being postmaster from 1887 to 
1904, when he resigned, after dispos- 



had a state senator for many years, 
although several promising candi- 
dates had died in the convention. 
Knowing the same tactics would be 
resorted to in his candidacy, he deter- 
mined to beat the politicians and the 
Boston & Maine candidate, which he 
did by almost two to one in the con- 
vention and was elected by a splendid 
majority. In the session that followed, 
he gave his unbounded support to all 
Progressive measures, which came be- 
fore that bodv. It was his keen far 



The Primary Election 



253 



sightedness that was the means of 
putting through many important 
measures. In 1910 he again entered 
the field, and made a most vigorous 
campaign over two rival candidates, 
winning the nomination and election 
to the important office, of councilor for 
the Third District, under the able 
administration of Gov. Robert P. 
Bass, whom he stood by loyally dur- 
ing his whole term, serving as chair- 
man of the finance committee. He is 



member of the Baptist Church, a 
Mason, Odd Fellow and Granger, and 
is always interested in any movement 
that tends to make his town, state or 
country a better place in which to live. 

Hon. Rufus N. Elwell, candidate 
for the Republican nomination for 
congressman in the First District, 
though still a young man is one of the 
best-known men in the state. As 
county member of the Republican 



< 



Hon. Benjamin F. Greer 



an extensive operator of lumber, cut- 
ting from two to four millions, annu- 
ally, of sawed lumber. In 191 2 he was 
appointed a member of the state for- 
estry commission for three years. He 
has served his town as supervisor of 
check lists eight years, trustee of 
cemetery six years, and member of 
school board for past five years. He 
is married and has two sons, one at- 
tending Colby College, Waterville, 
Me., while the other goes to Colby 
Academy, New London. He is a 



state executive committee, and as 
president of the Rockingham County 
Republican Club, he perfected the 
organization which changed Rocking- 
ham from the strongest Democratic 
to the strongest Republican county 
in the state. This required diplomacy, 
energy and untiring effort, and it was 
all done while he was in the twenties. 
Those who were associated with him 
in that organization are warmly urg- 
ing him for Congress now. He was a 
colonel on Governor Tuttle's staff; 



254 



The Granite Monthly 



has been collector of customs; and 
four times a member of the legisla- 
ture, where Ins record is one of excep- 
tional ability and faithful service. He 
is recorded on every roll-call taken on 
bills before the House of Representa- 
tives of which he has been a member, 
with the exception of when ho was 
Speaker, and, under the rules, could 
vote only to break a tie. As Speaker 
he gained a reputation for fairness 
which called forth unstinted praise 



companies. He is an honorary mem- 
ber of the Veterans' Association, a 
member of the Sons of Veterans, the 
Odd Fellows and the Red Men. 
Colonel Elwell is a man of warm 
human sympathies, always ready to 
help those in trouble; and he is true, 
honest and straightforward in all 
things. His best friends are those 
who know him best. 



Charles Gale Shedd x>f Keene, can- 



^:-^^i-.:. M < 



. .. . . " 



& I i ■■:.- ggjgj 



Col. Rufus N. Elwell 



from the members, regardless of 
party affiliations, and he handled his 
work so expeditiously that his was 
the shortest biennial session of the 
legislature ever held in Xew Hamp- 
shire. He is one of the strongest and 
most-ready debaters, and best-known 
campaign speakers in the state. He 
has been interested in lumbering op- 
erations ever since he became of age, 
but is best known in the business 
world as an insurance man. connected 
in a managing capacity with several 



chelate for the Republican nomination 
in the Second Congressional District, 
was born at South Wallingford, Yt., 
May IS, 18G5. His parents removed 
to Keene in his childhood and there 
he graduated from the high school 
and at an early age began a life of 
hard work as an apprentice in the 
wholesale and retail drug store of Bul- 
lard & Foster. In 188S Mr. Shedd 
became a partner and upon the death 
of Mr. tin] lard organized the Bullard 
& Shedd Company, of which he is 



The Primary Election 



*">;, 



DO 



treasurer, manager and principal stock- 
holder, and which has continued the 
business to date with eminent success. 
Mr. Shedd always has been interested 
in public affairs and has advanced 
with equal steps in the path of politi- 
cal preferment and in the confidence 
and esteem of an ever widening circle 
of the people. He has been, at Keene, 
member of the board of health, mem- 
ber and president of the city council 
and in the years 1911, 1912 and 1913 



is a member of the Red Men, Knights 
of Pythias, Sons of Veterans, and 
New Hampshire Pharmaceutical As- 
sociation. He is a Unitarian; is mar- 
ried and has three sons: and is as 
popular in social and fraternal circles 
as he is prominent in business and 
politics. As mayor of Kcene he was 
very successful in arousing civic spirit 
and also in bringing Cheshire County 
into a unit of action for advance on 
agricultural and other lines." As a 



r 



■ y 

Hon. Charles Gale Shedd 



mayor of the city. A member of the 
House of -Representatives in 1901 and 
of the State Senate in 1907, he served 
as chairman of the important com- 
mittee on public health; followed by 
his appointment in May, 1907, to the 
board of trustees of the state sana- 
torium at Glencliffe, of which he was 
the secretary and treasurer until it 
was superseded by the state board of 
control in 1913. 'Mr. Shedd is a 33d 
decree Mason; has been president of 
the Xew Hampshire Society, S. A. R.; 



congressional candidate his platform 
is: "Business not bunkum! Not how 
many laws, but how good. Suitable 
protection for farmer and laborer com- 
bined with confidence for capital and 
promotion of industry." 



George Langdon Whitford, of War- 
ner, candidate for the Republican 
nomination for Congress in the Second 
District, was born in Concord, Xew 
Hampshire, July 24, 1881, the son of 
Col. Edward L. Whitford and Mabel 



256 



The Granite Monthly 



Ordway. He descends from a family 
whose political association with the 
history of New Hampshire is almost 
without a parallel. He is a nephew of 
the late Governor Onslow Stearns. 
His father was pension agent at Con- 
cord under both of Grant's adminis- 
trations. He is grandson of Nehemiah 
G. Ordway of Warner, sergeant-at- 
arms of the National House of Repre- 
sentatives, and Territorial Governor 
of Dakota under the Haves adminis- 



praetice of his profession Mr. Whit- 
ford has achieved success. Of genial 
manner, democratic and unassuming, 
he is a popular and respected citizen in 
his home town and throughout the 
state. He is an honorary member of 
the New Hampshire Veterans' asso- 
ciation, and also of the Sixteenth New 
Hampshire Regiment. October 25, 
1905. he was united in marriage with 
Nliss Florence Evans O'Brien. They 
have one child, Harriet Stearns Whit- 



r 

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. 3 


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'. . . ' . 


... . ' V . ■•- ~_ .--v. 


■J:J%k 



George L. Whirford 



tration, and for a generation a domi- 
nant figure in the politics of the state. 
He is a grand-nephew of John Lang- 
don Sibley, the prominent writer and 
educator. Mr. Whitford early at- 
tended the district schools of Warner 
and the High School, and later was a 
student at Columbian College, study- 
ing law, and taking his degree at 
George Washington University in 
1905. He was admitted to the New 
Hampshire bar shortly following the 
completion of his law course. In the 



ford, age 7 years. As a Progressive Re- 
publican, he actively supported Wins- 
ton Churchill and Robert P.Bass when 
they were Republicans. Although an 
ardent advocate of progress and re- 
form, he has always remained a Re- 
publican not wishing to aid in dividing 
or defeating his party. His friends 
believe that his candidacy would 
greatly assist in re-uniting all factions. 



Hon.- James Burns Wallace of Ca- 
naan, "candidate for the Republican 



The Primary Election 



257 



nomination for the executive council 
in the First District, was bora in Ca- 
naan, August 14, 1866. In the Ca- 
naan schools and at St. Johnsbury 
Academy he prepared for Dartmouth 
College, from which he graduated in 
1887. Deciding upon the legal pro- 
fession, he was graduated from the 
Columbia Law School in New York 
City and practised in that state until 
1906 when he returned to Canaan and 
has since been prominent in the public 



and serving, also, upon the committee 
on revision of statutes. In 1912 he 
was the Republican candidate for the 
Stale Senate in the Third District and 
his ability and popularity enabled him 
to overcome the general Democratic 
drift of that year, being elected by 
1.787 votes to 1,566 for his opponent. 
Senator Wallace was one of the Re- 
publican stand-bys in the long and 
arduous legislative session of 1913 and 
his work there, both from a partisan 



- - 






Hon. James B. Wallace 



life of his native state. Mr. Wallace 
is a Congregationalist in religious pref- 
erence; a Mason, Knight of Pythias, 
Patron of Husbandry, Forester and 
Elk. At Canaan he has been judge of 
the local court, member of the school 
board and trustee of the public library; 
and has done valuable work along the 
lines of historical and genealogical re- 
search. In 1909 he served liis town as 
representative in the legislature and 
was a faithful and influential member, 
receiving the chairmanship of the 
important committee on liquor laws 



point of view and as an able, experi- 
enced and public-spirited legislator, 
won him wide credit. He served upon 
six committees, holding one chair- 
manship, and no member of the upper 
branch of the general court was more 
devoted to his duties or more success- 
ful in their accomplishment. Thus 
equipped by ability and training, with 
wide and thorough knowledge of and 
experience in, state affairs, Mr. Wal- 
lace's promotion to the executive 
council would be well-won and 
worthy. 



!5S 



The Granite Monthly 



John Scammon of Exeter, unop- 
posed candidate for the Republican 
nomination for the executive council 
in the Second District, was born in 
Stratham September 30, 1865, in the 
eighth American generation of one of 
the oldest and best-known families in 
that section of New England. He 
was educated at the Exeter High 
School, at Phillips Exeter Academy 
and at the Boston University Law 
school and studied law at Exeter with 



a position which he filled with entire 
acceptance. In 1012, when it was 
deemed more than usually difficult to 
carry the district and hence desirable 
to have an especially strong candi- 
date, Mr. Scammon again accepted 
the Republican nomination and was 
elected by a considerable margin over 
both Democratic and Progressive can- 
didates. Mr. Scammon is a 32d de- 
gree Mason and a member of the 
order of Red Men. In religious belief 



..._.-■ .-..--. 



- ':-i-'~: 



Hon. John Scarnrnon 



Gen. Gilman Marston and with for- 
mer Atty.-Gen. Edwin G. Eastman, 
whose partner in legal practice he has 
been for a decade. In 1903, and again 
in 1905, Mr. Scammon was a member 
of the Exeter delegation in the state 
house of representatives, serving with 
such distinction on the important 
judiciary committee and manifesting 
such a grasp of state affairs as to 
merit promotion in 1907 to the State 
Senate. He was further honored by 
election to the presidency of that body, 



he is a Congregationalist. He is mar- 
ried and has five children. Of pleas- 
ing personality, genial in good-fel- 
lowship, with a very wide circle of 
friends, Mr> Scammon nevertheless 
possesses and displays on occasion 
qualities of vigor and determination 
which, when added, as, in his case, to 
sound judgment and sincere desire for 
the public welfare, are most necessary 
and valuable in the service of the 
state. By nature and by training, by 
experience and by knowledge, he is 



Th 



E led ion 



>9 



eminently fitted for a place in the 
executive council. 



Frank M. Richardson of Littleton, 
candidate for the Democratic nomi- 
nation in the Second State Senatorial 
District, and one of the most active, 
valuable and influential members of 
his party in the north country, is a 
native of Concord, Vt., born August 
7, 1865. He was educated in the town 
schools and the Essex Count v Gram- 



been engaged extensively in real es- 
tate. Mr. Richardson has been presi- 
dent of the Littleton board of trade, 
superintendent of streets and chair- 
man of the water board. In 1906 he 
was his party's candidate for the 
State Senate and in 1910 he was 
elected to the House of Representa- 
tives, heading the first solidly Demo- 
cratic delegation which Littleton had 
sent to the legislature in many years. 
He was one of the two Democrats 




Frank M. Richardson 



mar -School, and was granted a license 
to teach at sixteen years of age, which 
work he followed winters, laboring on 
his father's farm in summer, until 
twenty years of age, when he became 
a hotel clerk at Island Pond. Vt. A 
year later be removed to Littleton 
where he was engaged with a brother 
in the hotel and livery business, con- 
tinuing the latter until 1904, when he 
sold out. having meanwhile established 
an extensive carriage repo.-utory and 
stable furnishing house. He also has 



chosen by a Republican speaker for a 
committee chairmanship, that on mile- 
age, and also was a member and clerk 
of the committee on public improve- 
ments. Mr. Richardson, though a 
new member, was one of the promi- 
nent men in the house at that session, 
making forceful speeches on the Frank- 
lin Pierce statue, insurance, taxation, 
water power and other questions. At 
that time he proved himself amply 
qualified for. and well deserving of, 
the promotion proposed in his present 



260 



The drramie Monthly 



candidacy. Mr. Richardson is a ITni- 
versalist and prominent in Masonry. 

William Rockwell Clough, candi- 
date for the Republican nomination 
in our Sixth Senatorial District, now 
composed of Alton, Belmont, Barn- 
stead. Gilmanton, Gilford. Laconia, 
Sanbornton, Meredith and CentreHar- 
bor, all in Belknap County, is a native 
of Alton. ' He enlisted during; the last 
rears "of the ".Civil War and went to 



manufacture of miniature corkscrews 
which have made Mr. Clough the 
largest manufacturer of such articles 
in the world. He lias built a score of 
these big labor-saving machines in the 
shops of Laconia and, being a cham- 
pion of a shortened day for labor, he 
long ago adopted the eight hour day 
in his works. The demands of his 
business, including the necessity for 
frequent trips abroad, have kept Mr. 
Clough from much participation in 



■ / 



William Rockwell Clough 



the front, being one of the charter 
members of Wiiifield Scott Hancock 
Post, G. A. E., in New York City. 
After the war he supplemented his 
previous school days with a business 
college education at Poughkeepsie and 
became an expert accountant, em- 
ployed for some years in the United 
States revenue service. But he had 
inherited mechanical genius from his 
father and tiiis began to show itseif in 
various inventions, finally culminating 
in the automatic machines for the 



public affairs but he represented Al- 
ton in the legislatures of 1897 and 
1899, being honored in each instance 
with appointment to the chairman- 
ship of the committee on national 
affairs and establishing his ability as 
a thinker and orator with large stores 
of knowledge and experience upon 
which to draw. Mr. Clough is a 
Mason of the 32d degree, past master 
of his own lodge and past patron in 
the Order of the Eastern Star, also a 
Granger, a member of the American 



The Primary Election 



261 



Society of Mechanical Engineers and 
of the Algonquin Clul> of Boston. 

He married, April 28, 1904, Miss 
Nelie Sophia Place of Alton and they 
have a son and a daughter. Mr. 
Clough's ancestors were for a century 
leading citizens of Alton, and for the 
town and for his native state he cher- 
ishes a real affection which has shown 
itself in many ways. Here his princi- 
pal factory turningout millions of cork- 
rings for shipment here and abroad, is 



making it necessary for him to help 
in the support of his mother and 
brothers. At the age of 16 his mother's 
cousin, the late David A. Warde. gave 
him a position in the hardware store 
of Warde, Humphrey & Dodge. Con- 
cord. Here he acquired a thorough 
knowledge of the business and began 
his career as a traveling salesman. He 
was with the firm of James Moore *fc 
Sons two years, and in 1880 he formed 
a connection which endured for twenty 




Willi;>m A. Darforth 



situated and here is his beautiful and 
hospitable home. He has at heart the 
welfare of Xew Hampshire and a desire 
'or its promotion is the basis of his pre- 
sent candidacy. 



William Aiken Danforth of Hop- 
kinton, candidate for the Republican 
nomination in the Ninth State Sena- 
torial District, was born in Hopkinton, 
August 22, 1855. the son of Erastus 
and Mary Nichols Danforth. When 
but 13 years of age his father died, 



years, with the firm of Martin L. Hall 
& Company of Boston, wholesale 
grocers. In their employ he became 
widely known, making hosts of friends 
who will be glad to see him elected to 
the Senate. The next ten years he 
lived in the South, engaged in mining 
and lumbering, and he still retains a 
connection there as president of the 
Longstreet Mining & Lumber Com- 
pany. Since 1910 he has represented 
in New Hampshire the well-known 
firm of Stone & Webster of Boston, 



26: 



The Granite Monthly 



the largest builders of electrical power 
plants in the world. Mr. Danforth 
joined Kearsarge Lodge, I. 0. 0. E., 
of Hopkinton, at the age of 22 and has 

maintained his membership ever since. 
He has. not sought public office here- 
tofore, but has assisted potently in 
promoting the candidacy and securing 
the election of many other good men 
who are glad of this "first opportunity, 
at this time, to reciprocate; and who 
are especially glad to do so because 



Washington, and at the Law depart- 
ment of Albany University, gradu- 
ating from the latter in 1861. He 
studied in the office of Hon. Edmund 
L. dishing of Charlestown. and with 
Dearborn & Scott of Peterborough; 
was admitted to the New York bar 
in 1861 and to the New Hampshire 
bar in May, 1864, and the following- 
year purchased the interest of Mr. 
Dearborn in the firm, and the new 
firm of Scott & Smith was established, 




Hon. Ezra M. Smith 



they recognize in Mr. Danfortlvs per- 
sonality, experience and training, 
qualities of great value for a member 
of the Xew Hampshire State Senate. 



Ezra M. Smith of, Peterborough, 
candidate for the Republican nomi- 
nation in the Eleventh State Sena- 
torial District, was born in Langdon, 
January 25, 1838; educated in the 
public schools of that town and Al- 
stead, at Cold River Union Academy 
in Alstead, Tubbs Union Academy, 



continuing till Mr. Scott's retirement 
two years later, since when Mr. Smith 
has continued alone in the successful 
practice of his profession. He has 
served the town of Peterborough as a 
member of the school board ten years, 
and twenty-five years as a member of 
the board of selectmen. He was judge 
of its police court from April, 1899, 
till the completion of his seventieth 
year, when he reached the constitu- 
tional age limit. He first served in the 
legislature in 1871, then in 1872, and 



The Pi 



'imanj 



Election 



203 



was a delegate in the constitutional 
eonvention. of 1876 and 1912. He 
was again a representative in 1901. 
1903, 1911, and' 1913. The Granite 
Monthly of February-March, 1911, 
says: "Mr. Smith is a good lawyer, a 
clear thinker, and a logical and effect- 
ive debater. He speaks frequently 
but never except when he has some- 
thing to say that he believes should 
be said, and he never speaks without 
commanding the attention of the 



nation in the Fifteenth State Sena- 
torial District, was born in Loudon, 
August 9, 1S55, and was reared upon 
his father's farm and inured to manual 
labor. He attended the town schools 
and later the Concord High School 
from which he graduated in 1876. 
Studying law with Sargent & Chase, 
he was admitted to the Xew Hamp- 
shire bar in 1879 and soon assumed 
the place which he ever since has 
occupied of one of its most successful 



Hon. Nathaniel E. Martin 



house." - Mr. Smith is a member of 
Peterborough Lodge, I. O. 0. F., and 
Lmion Encampment, having passed 
the chairs in each, and is also a past 
master of Peterborough- Grange. Pa- 
trons of Husbandry. He is a member 
of the Congregational Church. Octo- 
ber 4, 1866, he married Miss Mary S. 
Fairbanks. They have a son and 
daughter, Orrin F. and Etta M. Smith. 

Nathaniel E. Martin of Concord, 
candidate for the Democratic nomi- 



members. While his practice has 
covered the widest possible range the 
fact that he is often referred to as 
"the people's lawyer" indicates one 
of his professional, as well as personal 
characteristics. Always a Democrat, 
Mr. -Martin has been at the command 
of his party whenever it called upon 
him, winning or losing with equal 
good grace, and making without- com- 
plaint the necessary personal sacri- 
fices to the public service. He has 
served as chairman of the Democratic 



264 



The Granite Monthly 



city committee and state committee. 
In 1886 he was elected solicitor of 
Merrimack County and during: his 
two years' term of office set an exam- 
ple of law enforcement without fear 
or favor that is still remembered 
throughout the state. In Uie years 
1899 and 1900 Mr. Martin was mayor 
of Concord and his administration of 
the affairs of the Capital City was 
most creditable in every way. In 
1901 he was a delegate from Xew 



mouth, candidate for the Republican 
nomination in the Twenty-fourth 
State Senatorial District, is one of the 
best known young Republicans in the 
state and one of the hardest workers 
for his party success and at the same 
time for the public welfare. In two 
sessions of the legislature as a mem- 
ber of the lower house his vigorous 
personality niade him one of the most 
prominent men under the dome and 
his friends have no doubt that his 




Edward Percy Stoddard 



Hampshire to the National Demo- 
cratic Convention at St. Louis. Mr. 
Martin has been treasurer of the very 
successful Concord Building and Loan 
Association from its organization in 
1887. He has been and is largely 
interested in lumbering operations; is 
an extensive owner of real estate and, 
for recreation, takes pleasure in horses, 
dogs and open air sports. He is an 
Odd Fellow and Patriarch Militant. 



Edward Percy Stoddard of Port; 



qualities of leadership would prove as 
valuable in the upper branch. Mr. 
Stoddard is a native of Portsmouth, 
born January 2, 1877. He was edu- 
cated at the Portsmouth High School 
and Dartmouth College, and was for 
some years engaged in newspaper' 
work. From 1903 to 1907 he served 
as chief deputy L'nited States Mar- 
shal for the district of New Hamp- 
shire. He is now engaged in the in- 
surance business in Portsmouth. He 
was an active member of the 1909- 



The Primary Election 



265 



10.10 city government of Portsmouth, 
serving as a councilman at large. He 
is a Coagregationalist, a 32d degree 
Mason,, Knight Templar and Shriner, 
and Knight of Pythias, and holds 
membership in the 'Warwick, Coun- 
try, Yacht and Athletic Clubs of 
Portsmouth. There was no member 
of the house in 1911 or in 1913 more 
constant in attendance than was Mr. 
Stoddard. While he took an intelli- 
gent: interest in all the important sub- 



thickest of the fray, and there he al- 
ways docs himself and his constituents 
credits 

Alvah H. Place, Progressive candi- 
date for Senator in the Twenty-fourth 
District, is a prominent druggist of 
Newmarket. He. was born in Straf- 
ford, X. H., June 3 4, 1861, son of 
Jonathan and Sarah (Waterhouse) 
Tuttle. Alvah IT. Tuttle was the 
youngest in a family of seven children. 






^ - _ :i^__^_-. _i '•-■ -'■ '■ --■•*■•- ' 

Alvah H. Place 



jects of consideration at both sessions, 
and they were many, his especial 
charge was the bill for the construc- 
tion of an armory in Portsmouth. 
How he finally secured an appropria- 
tion therefor, after the most strenu- 
ous kind of fighting from beginning to 
end of two sessions, is as interesting 
a story as has been told at the state 
capital of late. Personally a most 
genial gentleman, with hosts of 
friends, when it comes to politics the 
place Air. Stoddard prefers is the 



When but four years of age he was 
left motherless, and his aunt, Hannah 
Tuttle Place, being without issue, 
reared him as her own child. Being 
universally known by the name of 
Place since early childhood, upon 
attaining his majority, he had the 
name made legal. Air. Place belongs 
to one of the oldest families in the 
state and is a lineal descendent of 
Judge John Tuttle of Dover, a man 
of distinction in civil and military life 
in the early colonial period. Mr. 



2GG 



Th e G-ra n ite Man th ly 



Place has been for many years a direc- 
tor of the Newmarket National Bank; 
has served his town as representative 
in 1897-98, as selectman, and in 
various other capacities. In the past 
he has been actively identified with 
the Republican party., being a mem- 
ber of the Republican State committee 
for over twenty years, and until the 
organization of the Progressive party, 
and is at present chairman of the 
Pockingham County Progressive com- 



mittee and a member of the Progres- 
sive state committee. Socially Mr. 
Place is a Knight of Pythias, and a 
member of Rising Star Lodge, No. 47. 
A. F. and A. M., of which he is past 
master; also a member of Orphan 
Council, Belknap Chapter, and St. 
Paul Commanderv, Knights Templar, 
Dover; past district grand lecturer, 
and now serving his second year as 
district deputy grand master of the 
First Masonic District. 



WHEN 

• By Stewart Everett Rowe 

When the vase is shattered and broken,- — 

Yes, the little old va.e of life, 
"Will something be left a 3 a token 

To picture the storm and the strife 
That round it for years have been raging 

In wild and tempestuous sway? 
Will something be left worth the staging, 

Will something be left for the play? 
And who will perform as the actors, 

And who will the audience be? 
And who will solicit as factors 

The love and the fond sympathy 
Without which no drama's successful? 

The orchestra, — they will be whom, 
With music so sweet and so blessful 

To banish the clouds and the gloom? 
•And who will dream on as th? playwright, 

-The mystic with wonderful pen 
Who tells us as plain as the daylight 

The Whither, the Whence and the When' 
When the vase is shattered and broken, — 

Yes, this little old vase of life, — 
Will something be left as a token 

To picture the storm and the strife? 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



REV. GEORGE J. JUPIONS 

Rev. George Janvrin Judkins, a prominent 
Methodist clergyman, died at his home in 
Bristol July 31, 1914. 

Mr. Judkins was born in Kingston, X. II., 
December 21, 1S30, son of William and Anne 
Judkins. He was educated at Kingston Acad- 
emy, Tilton Seminary and the Wesleyan Uni- 
versity at Middietown, Conn., graduating 
from the latter in 1S63. He was a teacher in 
Kingston Academy five years, and principal of 
the New Hampshire Conference Seminary at 
Tilton six years. He joined the >,ew Hamp- 
shire Methodist Conference in 1S6S; was or- 
dained a deacon in 1S70 and an elder in 1S72. 
He was a pastor at Methuen, Mass., and New- 
market, X. H., following his service at Tilton, 
and served later as presiding elder of the 
Claremont and Dover Districts. He was for 
some time a Trustee of Tilton Seminary and 
also of Wesleyan University. In 1SS0 he was 
a member of the Methodist General Confer- 
ence at Cincinnati. 

For some years past he had been on the 
superannuated list, with his home at Bristol, 
where, August 16, 1860, he had .married 
Almira S. DollorT. Two children survive, Dr. 
Charles O. Judkins of Glens Falls. X. Y., 
and Anne L., wife of Dr. Leon K. Willman of 
Asbury Park, X'. J. 

JAMES E. NICHOLS 

James E. Nichols of the extensive whole- 
sale grocery firm of Austin, Nichols & Com- 
pany, Inc., of Xew York City, died on July 
21, at Marienbad, Austria. 

Mr. Nichols was a native of the town of 
Meredith, son of Robert M. and Huldah J. 
(Black) Nichols, bom April 26, 1845. After 
gaining a common school education he be- 
came a clerk in the store of Jordan, Marsh & 
Company, of Boston. Subsequently he was 
made New York agent of the Sawyer and 
Franklin Woolen Mills, removing to that city. 
Later he was a partner in the Fogg Brothers 
& Company banking house, Boston. In 1878, 
with 11. F. Austin and others he organized the 
wholesale grocery firm of Austin, Nichols & 
Company, whose business became one of the 
largest in the country, Mr. Nichols devoting 
his time almost wholly to the. management of 
the firm's affairs, though he was interested 
in and a director of various banking and other 
corporations. 

He presented a fine library building to the 
town of Centre Harbor, which bears his name. 
He belonged to various clubs. 

On October 16, 1878, he married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Joseph G. Griggs of Springfield, 
Mass. 

GEORGE W. SAWYER, 

George W. Sawyer, a leading merchant and 
prominent citizen of Franklin, died at his 
home in that city July IS, 1914. 

He was a native of Franklin, born October 
20, 1840, son of Josiah and Nancy (Kittredgei 



Sawyer. He was educated in the common 
school, Franklin Academy and Tib on Semi- 
nary. He was a clerk in a Boston grocery for 
a time and was, later, in trade at Tilton. but 
had been in business in Franklin since 1S70. 
In politics he was a Democrat, and was a 
represent at ive from Franklin in the legisla- 
ture of 1S7S. He was a Mason, and a charter 
member of the Knights of Pvthias, Knights 
of Honor, A. O. U. W. and O. U. A. M., organ- 
izations of Franklin. He was also a member 
of Pemigewasset Colony. U. O. P. F. 

In 1869 he married Louise C. Barnes of 
Tilton, who survives, with two sons, Augustus 
B., and Enos K., the latter now president of 
the New Hampshire State Senate. 

REV. CHARLES H. DANIELS, D. D. 

Rev. Charles H. Daniels, D. D., long secre- 
tary of the American Board of Commissioners 
for Foreign Missions, died at his home in 
Welle dey, Mass., August 3. 

Dr. Daniels was the son of William P. 
Daniels of Lyme, X. H., and was born in that 
town June 6, 1S47, but removed, in childhood, 
with his parents, to Worcester, Mass., where 
he attended school, and- ater entered Amherst 
College, graduating in 1S70. He then pur- 
sued a course in the Union Theological Semi- 
nary from which he graduated in 1873. _ He 
was six years pastor of the Congregational 
Church in Montague, Mass., and subse- 
quently was a pastor in Cincinnnti, Ohio, and 
Portland, Me. In 1SSS he became district 
secretary of the American Board in Xew York 
City, and in 1S93, was called to the position 
of home secretary in Boston, which he held 
till 1903 when he accepted a call to a pastorate 
in South Framingham, which he held till 1911, 
when he retired on account of failing health, 
and took up his residence in Wellesley. 

In 1S92 he received the degree of D. D., 
from Amherst. 

Dr. Daniels was first married, on December 
23, 1S73, to Miss Charlena Caroline Harring- 
ton of Worcester, who died in IS80 at Cin- 
cinnati. One daughter of this marriage, Anna 
Louisa Daniels, survives him. He was again 
married, on May 28, 1884, to Mary Louise, 
daughter of Hon. Charles and Mary Lnder- 
wood of Tolland, Conn., who survives him, 
as also do the two daughters born of this 
marriage, Margaret te and Agnes Carter 
Daniels. 

MISS HARRIET J. COOKE 
Harriet J. Cooke, born in the town of Sand- 
wich, in this state, eighty-four years ago, died 
July 27, at a hospital in Stoneham, Mass. 

Miss Cooke was for thirty-four years pro- 
fessor of history at Cornell College, Mt. Ver- 
non, Iowa, and" later spent three years at the 
Mildmay Mission in London, studying medi- 
cal mission work. She returned to Boston in 
1892. when she founded the North End Mis- 
sion on Hull Street, of which she was the 
superintendent for fourteen years. 



VOL. XLVI. Nos. 9 10 Sn-TF.ft'rS K OCTOBER. 191-* Nc%v Series, Vol. IX, Nos. £-10 



THE 



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N .: 



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A New Ha ; shire Magazine 

Devoted to History, Biography, Literature and State Progress 



1 . IftW 

CONTENTS FOR SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER j ' '. 

.4 
Qcf) Lancaster. With frontispiece. ....... 26;! ,' , 

By Charles Hardon. Illustrated. L&gL 



(*Q> A Suburban Summer Resort . . . . . .237 fV', 

By Edward J. Parshiey. - £'/ ; y 



'eg) 



\J^V New Hampshire Necrology . . V . . • 338 vPj 

M ' m 

*feS Editor and Publisher's Notes . . . .'. . 340 ?'• 

- S3 n '■■■■: ■ W\ 

\^{ Poems v^V 

*|^.< Bv Coletta Ryan, Harry B. MetcaU f^SF 

&/ W: 

Issued by Hie Granite jw™tM«..-^~«, ^ an y 

HENRY H. METCALF. Editot _._ 



TERHS: $1.00 per sensual, in advance; ?;.50 If not paid in advance. Single copies, 15 cents 
CONCORD, N. H., 1914 

Entered at the post office at Concord as second-class mail matter. 



>OUELE NUMBER FRIGE, 25 CENT! 






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The Granite Monthly 



Vol. XLVI, Nos. 9-10 



SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER, 1914 New Series, Vol. 9, N'os. 9-10 



LANCASTER 

One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary 

12 and 13, 1914 

By Charles H or don 



Celebrated August 



The town of Lancaster has held a 
prominent place among our New 
Hampshire communities for more 
than a century. Favored by nature 
with a fertile soil — rich intervales and 
broad meadows, responding generously 
to the efforts of the husbandman — it 
has ranked from the first among the 
best farming towns in the state. 
Located in the midst of a region whose 



large. More lawyers of eminence and 
ability have been reared, or have prac- 
tised their profession, in Lancaster 
than in any other town in the State, 
or in New England; and it is entirely 
safe to say that no other town has 
furnished a larger ' or more brilliant 
array of men distinguished in the 
public service of state and nation. 
Not to mention the men of later day 






View oi Connecticut River on Stockwell Farm 



scenic beauties are unsurpassed in 
America, it has long commanded the 
admiring attention of tourists and 
summer visitors from all parts of the 
country. Its citizenship, native and 
resident, has embraced an unusual 
number of men of distinction and 
power in professional and public life, 
exercising an influence in the affairs 
of state and nation unsurpassed by 
those of any ether town of its size in 
New Hampshire or the country at 



fame, who have well maintained the 
reputation of their predecessors, the 
names of Richard C. Everett, Jared 
W. Williams, John S. Wells, William 
Heywood, Hirman A. Fletcher, Wil- 
liam Burns, Jacob Benton, Benjamin 
F. Whidden, Ossian Ray and William 
S. Ladd, constitute a galaxy in Xew 
Hampshire's legal firmament whose 
brilliancy is unsurpassed; while the 
fact that the town has furnished two 
governors of the State, one United 



270 



The Granite Monthly 



States Senator, besides another who 
had previously long been a resident, 
and still another born and reared in its 
midst now representing Massachusetts 
in the Senate; four members of the 
National House of Representatives; 
one justice of the Supreme Court of 
the State, as well as the present 
chief justice of the Supreme Court 
of Maine — a Lancaster boy; three 
presidents of the State Senate and two 
speakers of the House, and a Naval 
Officer of the port of Boston, not to 
mention various other important of- 
ficers, is sufficient indication of the 



Public attention has been called, 
particularly to this town of late, 
because of the celebration, a few weeks 
since, of the one hundred and fiftieth 
anniversary of its settlement. It 
was on the 19th of April, 1764, that 
David Page, of Petersham, Mass., 
who with sixty-nine others had been 
granted a charter of the town on the 
oth of July previous, accompanied 
by Edwards Bucknam, Timothy Nash 
and George Wheeler,, bringing also 
a stock of cattle, and other necessary 
equipment for establishing a settle- 
ment, arrived within the limits of 




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prominent part performed by Lan- 
caster men in public affairs. It is 
proper to mention, moreover, that 
Nathaniel White, one of the founders 
of the express business in this country, 
whose success in business was well 
complemented by his charitable and 
philanthropic work, was a native of 
Lancaster; that George P. Powell, the 
noted New York publisher and ad- 
vertising agent, was also a Lancaster 
man, and Henry M. Dennison, late 
legal adviser of the Mikado of Japan 
and a member of the commission 
negotiating the treaty of Portsmouth, 
spent his youth and gained his early 
education in this town. 



Lancaster, and the work of develop- 
ment was entered upon — a work 
which has continued to the present 
day; although Mr. Page had sent 
up his son, David Page, Jr., and a 
young man named Emmons Stock- 
well who had been in his employ, 
and who had previously visited the 
region and become impressed with 
its advantages while scouting as a 
ranger, to select a location, build a 
camp, and make such preparation 
as was possible for the reception and 
accommodation of the part}'. It was 
not until August, following, that the 
presence of a woman graced the 
settlement, Mr. Page, at that time 



Lancaster 



bringing up his daughter, Ruth, who. 
in the following veer, became the 
wife of Emmons Stockwell. Sub- 
sequently. Mrs. Page and the remain- 
ing children joined the settlement, 
another daughter, Susannah, later 
marrying Edwards Bueknam; and 
here it may be remarked that the 
two families of Emmons Stoekwell 
and Edwards Bueknam were the 
life and mainstay of the settlement 
in its early days, which were often 
days of hardship and discouragement; 
and held prominent position through 
many later years, when prosperity 
had found an abode in the midst. 

Although there were but sixty-one 
people, all told, in the settlement at 
the outbreak of the Revolution, in 
1775, more than twenty Lancaster 
men were enrolled in the service,, at 
one time or another during the 
struggle for independence; while in 
the war of 1812, the company of 
Capt. John W. Weeks (subsequently 
Major 11th U. S. Infantry), embrac- 
ing a large contingent of the sons of 
Lancaster, rendered brilliant sendee 
in the Niagara campaign, holding 
the right of the regiment in the battle 
of Chippewa, and leading the flank 
movement that broke the British 
column and won the victory. Again 
in the Civil War, the town contrib- 
uted generously to the service of the 
country,' some 230 men of Lancaster, 
in all, being enlisted in the Union 
army, Col. Edward E. Cross, the 
gallant commander of the ' ; Fighting 
Fifth/ 7 who lost his life at Gettys- 
burg, heading the honored list. 

There were twenty-seven heads of 
families in Lancaster, as shown by 
the first United States Census, in 
1790, their names being as follows: 
Jonas Baker, Joseph Brackett, J. M. 
Bradley, Phineas Brews, Titus 0. 
Brown, Edwards Bueknam, Samuel 
Chaney, Abijah Darby, Robert 
Gotham. Jonathan Harlwell, Phineas 
Hodgedon, Daniel Howe, Samuel 
Johnson, William Johnson, David 
Page, Moses Page, Samuel Page, 
Edward Spalden, Denis Stanley, 



Emens Stockweli, John Weeks. Jere- 
miah Wilcox, Elisha Wilder, Jonas 

Wilder, Francis Willsoiu Stephen Wil- 
son, John Winkley. The entire popu- 
lation of the town at this time was 
161, which included forty-five males 
of sixteen years and upwards; an 
equal number under sixteen, and 
seventy-one females of all ages. 

The town grew slowly, yet steadily, 
in wealth and population for a cen- 
tury, from 1790 to 1890, no decade 
during that period failing to show a 



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Methodist Church 



substantial increase except that from 
1810 to 1820 when there was a loss, on 
account of the number of men en- 
gaged in the war with Great Britain, 
who located elsewhere after the war 
was over. In 1800, the number of 
inhabitants had increased- to 440; in 
1810 to 717; in 1820 the showing was 
640; in 1830 it had increased to 
1.187: in 1840 to 1,316; in 1850 to 
1,559; in I860 to 2.020; in 1870 to 
2,248; in 1880 to 2,723; and in 1890 
to 3,367. Since then there has been 
a slight falling off, the census of 



079 



The Granite Mori tidy 



1900 gi y i ng a p o p u 1 a t i o n o f 3 . 1 90 a n d 
that of 1910, of 3,054. This decrease 
in recent years may be attributed to 
the general tendency of population 
toward the larger centers, and, par- 
ticularly, to the rapid industrial 
development of the city of Berlin in 
the same county. Nevertheless,, the 
town is holding its own far better 
than the average of our Xew England 
towns in which no large manufactur- 
ing industries are located; this 
because of its superior agricultural 
advantages, and because of the attrac- 
tions it offers as a residential town, 



school privileges have always been 
excellent, the old Lancaster Academy 
furnishing superior instruction for 
many years and the present high 
school, in which it has practically 
been merged,, proving a worthy suc- 
cessor. 

A large and carefully selected public 
library, housed in a handsome and 
well-appointed new building, donated 
to the town for the purpose a few 
years since by Hon. John W. Weeks, 
in memory of his father, is a valuable 
educational asset of the community; 
while the press, always an important 



k_ 



Episcopal Church 



which, indeed, are surpassed by few 
other towns in the State. It has 
always been a place of commercial 
importance — a trade center for a 
large surrounding region, and, al- 
though some of the sessions of court 
are holden at Colebrook and Berlin, 
the county offices remain here, and 
the larger part of the business is here 
transacted. The churches, of which 
there are five — Congregational. Uni- 
tarian, Methodist, Episcopal and 
Roman Catholic— compare favorably 
with those of other places, though 
services are not held at the present 
■time by the Unitarians; while the 



educational factor wherever main- 
tained, has been well represented in 
Lancaster for many years. The first 
paper published in town was a Whig 
organ called the White Mountain 
Aegis, which had but a brief existence, 
but the Coos County Democrat, started 
the same year — 1S3S — by a company 
composed of such Democratic leaders 
as John W. Weeks, Jared W. Wil- 
liams, John S. Wells and John H. 
White, and edited by James M. Rix, 
continued for many years, under the 
direction of the latter, who was both 
a vigorous writer and an able poli- 
tician, to be a power in the com- 



Lancaster 



273 



munity and in the party which it 
represented. The Coos Republican 
started contemporaneously with the 
advent of the party now hearing, that 
name, with one David B. Allison as 
manager, soon passed into the hands 
of Col. Henry 0. Kent, who eon- 
ducted it successfully for about a 
dozen year;-;, making it one of the 
strongest exponents of the principles 
of the party to which he then belonged, 
and an interesting purveyor of local 
intelligence. As at the present time. 



It may properly be remarked that 
not a few men of note served as 
apprentices in Lancaster newspaper 
offices, among whom may lie named, 
Cols, Edward E. and Richard E. 
Cross; Charles F. Brown, later known 
at "Arteraas Ward," the celebrated 
humorist; and Henry W, Dennison. 

The fraternal orders are extensively 
represented in Lancaster. North Star 
Lodge, A. F. & A. M., chartered De- 
cember IS, 1797. and first located at 
N orthumberland,was removed to Lan- 









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AU Saints' (Catholic) 

x 

there have usually been two weekly 
papers published in the town, though 
there have been several changes in 
name and proprietorship. The pres- 
ent Coos County Democrat is not the 
successor of the original paper of that 
name, but rather of the Cods Republi- 
can; while the Lancaster Gazette is a 
successor of the Independent Gazette, 
established in 1872 by George H. 
Emerson, who continued the publica- 
tion for a number of years, and was 
succeeded by I. W. Quimby, who was 
also a number of years in the business. 



Church and Rectory 

caster in 1800, and has long ranked 
among the most honored and influ- 
ential of the Masonic lodges of the 
State. The centennial of the organ- 
ization of this Lodge was observed 
with imposing ceremonies December 
27, 1897. North Star Commandery, 
Knights Templar, was organized here, 
November 24, 1859; North Star- 
Chapter, Roval Arch Masons, July 
8, 18G8: North Star Lodge of Per- 
fection, A. A. S. R., November 27, 
1894, and Olive Branch Chapter, 
0. E. S., March 16, 1S70. It may 



271 



The Granite Monthly 



properly be added that the elegant 
and substantia] building, occupied 
by the town and the Masonic bodies, 
was erected, and is owned, jointly, by 
the town and the Masons. 

An Odd Fellows Lodge — Coos, No. 
35 — was instituted here in 1850, but 
became defunct a few years later. 
It was resuscitated, however, in 1874, 
maintaining a precarious existence for 
some time, but has since become a 
flourishing organization, established 
in well-equipped quarters. A Re- 
bekah Lodge — Perseverance, No. 56 
— was instituted in December, 1893, 
and has been prosperous from the 



Relief Corps; Pilot Lodge. No. 34, 
Knights of Pythias and Starr King 
Uniform Rank; All Saints Court 
Catholic Order of Foresters, Bradley 
Council, Knights' of Columbus: a 
branch of the Woman's Temperance 
Union, and various others, not the 
least among which is the Unity Club 
a prominent member of the New 
Hampshire Federation of Woman's 
Clubs. 

On the 14th of July, 1SG4, Lancas- 
ter celebrated the one hundredth 
anniversary of its settlement, with 
appropriate exercises, the weather 
being especially fine and a great 






:.:^%^'^' 



■•^ 



Boston & Maine R. R. Station 



start, as has Coos Canton, Patriarchs 
Militant. 

As would naturally be expected in a 
community so strongly agricultural, 
the order of Patrons of Husbandry is 
well organized in this town. Lancas- 
ter Grange, No. 48, was organized 
February 12, 1875, in the midst of a 
rich farming district in the east part 
of the town. March 13, 189G, Mount 
Prospect Grange, No. 241, was organ- 
ized in the village, with a charter 
membership of ninety the largest 
charter list of any Grange in the 
country up to that time. 

Other organizations in the town 
include a Grand Army Post — Col. E. 
E. Cross Post, No. 10 — and Woman's 



crowd of people being present. A 
procession, headed by the. Lancaster 
Cornet Band and including various 
civic organizations, officers of the 
day. distinguished visitors and citizens 
generally, paraded the streets under 
the marshalship of Col. Henry 6. Kent, 
after which the formal exercises were 
held at the Congregational Church. 
Hon. David H. Mason, served as 
President of the day, and made the 
principal address, following prayer by 
Rev. David Perry, a former pastor of 
the Congregational church and music 
by the Lancaster Glee Club, and the 
reading of the town charter by Hon. 
Qssian Ray. Another address was 
made by Hon. Edward D. Holton of 



Lancaster 



'ZiO 



Milwaukee, Wis., a native of Lancas- 
ter, following which adjournment was 
taken for dinner served in an open 
field nearby where bountifully laden 
tables had been set for 2,500 people. 
Following the feast, numerous toasts 
were responded to by various gentle- 
men, the first, to the soldiers present, 
being responded to by Col. Nelson 
Cross, of the 67th X. Y. Regiment. 
A levee in the town hall in the even- 
ing fitly terminated the festivities of 
the day. 

During the week opening on Sun- 
day, August 9, last, in accordance with 



Never's Second Regiment Band of 
Concord, the singing of "Auld Lang 
Syne" and the "Old Oaken Bucket/* 
songs and, dances from ''Cinderella," 
and an Indian Dance bv Camp-Fire 
Girls. 

On Wednesday, at nine o'clock. 
there were band concerts at the Lan- 
caster House and in Centennial Park, 
and, commencing at ten, there was a 
grand parade, made up of the various 
patriotic, fraternal, civic and social 
organizations of the town, with North 
Star Commandery, K. T., at the head, 
and Fielding Smith, chief marshal. 



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well-matured plans, arranged and 
perfected by efficient committees, the 
people of Lancaster celebrated the 
one hundred and fiftieth anniversary 
of the town's settlement, the affair 
being carried out with complete suc- 
cess in ail respects, and proving to be 
by far the most important public 
demonstration in the history of the 
town or of Coos County. On Sunday, 
the 9th, services in all the churches 
were characterized by appropriate 
reference to the occasion. On Tues- 
day evening. 11th, the formal exer- 
cises opened with a general reception 
in Centennial Park, a concert by 



There were four divisions in all, and 
a large number of tastily arranged 
and elegantly decorated floats, repre- 
senting various orders, industries and 
phases of life, some of historic char- 
acter, were interspersed, the whole 
with their gayly colored decorations, 
harmonizing with those of the various 
buildings, public and private all along 
the streets, making up a scene of 
splendor such as is seldom witnessed 
in any New Hampshire town. 

At noon occurred one of the impor- 
tant features of the celebration it 
being the unveiling and presentation 
to the town, by the Unity Club, of an 



270 



The Granite Monthly 



appropriate memorial in stone and 
bronze in honor of the founders of the 
town. The memorial stands in Cen- 
tennial Park, the land for which, by 
the way, was paid for and donated to 
the town through private subscrip- 
tion at the time of the Centennial 
celebration, fifty years ago. The 
memorial consists of the bronze figure 
of a double life size fox, standing 
upon a boulder and gazing into a pool 
below. Upon the boulder is fastened 
a bronze tablet, bearing the following 
inscription: 



being served free to all. In the after- 
noon, at two o'clock, the speaking 
exercises opened, Hon. Irving YV. 
Drew presiding. The leading ad- 
dress was given by Hon. John W. 
Weeks, United States Senator from 
Massachusetts, one of the town's most 
distinguished natives, and is pre- 
sented in full in the following pages. 
Other speakers included Plon. Albert 
R. Savage, Chief Justice of the Su- 
preme Court of Maine, also a native 
of the town: His Excellency Gov. 
Samuel D. Felker, and Hon. Edmund 



• S\ 



Memorial Monument 



"To Honor the Brave Men and 
"Women who Redeemed Lancaster 
from the Wilderness This Memorial 
is Dedicated by the Loyal Sons and 
Daughters at thu One Hundred and 
Fiftieth Anniversary of the Found- 
ing of the Town, July 6, 1763." 

The presentation was made by 
-Miss Alary Brackett; the memorial 
was unveiled by Master Emmons 
Stockwell Smith, and was accepted 
in behalf of the town by Ivan W. 
Quimby, chairman of the board of 
selectmen. 

There was a basket lunch in the 
Park at noon, lemonade and hot coffee 



Sullivan of Berlin, chairman of the 
State board of license commissioners, 
another son of Lancaster, all of whom 
were heard with deep interest. In 
the evening there were band and or- 
chestral concerts, and an old time 
dance in the town hall. 

The feature of Thursday was a 
grand parade of decorated automo- 
biles, in the forenoon, following a band 
concert. In the afternoon out-of-town 
guests were conveyed by automobile 
to the summit of Mount Prospect 
and other points of interest; while a 
baseball game and athletic sports 



Lancaster 



were also provided. In the evening 
an original spectacular play — "The 
Founders" — based on the early his- 
tory of the toAvn, was successfully 
presented in the town hall, making 
a fitting closing feature of this notable 
celebration. 

Following is the full text of 

Senator Weeks' Address 
Those of us who were bora or have lived 
in Lancaster would be indifferent to the 
benefits and attractions which nature has 
furnished if we did not give a high value to 
our surroundings and were not ready to 



under such conditions. In coming hack, even 
briefly as I have done year after year, I have 
looked with renewed interest on the familiar 
scenes of my youth surrounded by the ever- 
lasting hills so that I now feel, if I have not 
in the past, that I might well sing with all my 
heart that old hymn which begins '"My will- 
ing soul would stay in such a frame as this." 
The interest of this occasion will be very 
largely in retrospection. We will talk with 
our old friends and neighbors about the things 
with which we were familiar, and we shall 
revive as far as may be our interest in the 
thing? which have been of value to this town 
and community, in its historical personages, 




Town Hall 



express our pleasure that some part of our 
lives had been passed in such a community. 
I very often feel that we do not appreciate 
the things which are common to us in our 
every-day life until we have had experiences 
with which they may be compared. 

As a boy, while probably I was not insen- 
sible to this beautiful country, this healthful 
climate, and the benefits to be derived from 
such surrounding:--, 1 am sure that age and 
experience have given me a keener apprecia- 
tion of their value; and, having traveled 
somewhat extensively and lived somewhat 
permanently in three sections of the United 
States, I now realize that I had failed to give 
proper consideration to the advantages which 
one lias in being born, brought up, and living 



and indeed in all those good citizens, many of 
whom lie in yonder cemeteries, who have been 
the makers of conditions which have been the 
means of putting this town in the list of ideal 
communities. 

One of the failures in most such places has 
been the neglect to record history, which to 
those immediately in touch with events has 
frequently seemed trivial, but which becomes 
of value as time goes on — a value which will 
increase in the centuries to come. In many 
such towns the only authentic history is found 
in the town and probate records and in the 
inscriptions on memorials in the cemeteries. 
Lancaster is fortunate in having a reasonably 
complete history, prepared by three prom- 
inent citizens, in which has been collected 



&%% 
















HON. JOHN W. WEEKS 
U. S. Senator from Massachusetts 



Lancaster 



279 



many of those tilings which should be pre- 
served covering the first one hundred ami 
twenty-five years of the settlement of the 
town. 1 remember how often I talked with 
my uncle, the late James W. Weeks, who was 
born on the south side of Mount Prospect 
within fifty years of the first settlement and 
who therefore had known personally most of 
those who had been connected with the town's 
affairs, up to the time of his death in 1809. and 
how many times I had suggested to him that 
the incidents of real value which he carried 
in his mind — and it was a storehouse of 
interesting events in the town's historv— 



matters which will be at least of interest to 
their descendants, if not to all of those asso- 
ciated with the town, so that in the next 
century some student may bring its history 
down to date, having the material to assure 
him that the facts he will relate are as accurate 
as such historical matter can be. An histori- 
cal society should be organized— I am well 
aware it could not bring together a large 
collection of material which would be of any 
greater than local interest — -yet it could 
collect articles and material relating to the 
earlier history, and even later period of the 
town's history, which would always have a local 



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Coos County Court House 



should be put in some permanent form. 
Fortunately, during his life and while that 
distinguished native son of Lancaster, Colonel 
Henry O. Kent, was still active in all the 
affairs of this community, as he had been 
from his early youth, aided by Lancaster's 
first citizen, still with us, who in official place 
and in many other ways has given distinction 
to his home town as well as to bring great 
credit to himself, our universally beloved 
Governor, Chester B. Jordan, this work was 
finished, but it was necessarily incomplete 
because proper records had not been pre- 
served, and this should be sufficient notice to 
those who now live and those who are to 
follow that thev should make a record of 



value. If this is not done soon, such matter 
will become dissipated, its value will be lost 
sight of, and our descendants will have just 
cause to complain that we were not sufficiently 
alert in performing this trust which is a part 
of the duty of the citizens of every generation. 
While, as 1 have stated, the subjects which 
you will discuss will be of the past, t lie real 
value to be derived from the celebration of the 
anniversary of the founding of a city or town 
depends entirely on the spirit that goes with 
it. It may properly be made a halting place 
from which the past may be viewed for the 
purpose of obtaining from it such lessons as 
come from experience and, based on those 
lessons and the conclusions which may be 



280 



The Granite Monthly 



drawn from thorn, we may set our coarse for 
the future. Practically -speaking, the past is 
of no value except for the experience and 
benefit it gives us as an example. It is the 
future which is all important and the lessons 
of the past will enable us to look forward to it 
with calmness and faith, if our application of 
these lessons is likely to be wise. 

If this were a retrograding town, if its 
history were not one in which to take pride, 
if the character of its inhabitants were less 
exalted than formerly, if the enterprises which 
go to make up a seK-su&tainmg community 
had become extinct, then we might look to the 
past with feelings of regret and look into the 
future with the greatest apprehension. 



out them a community may have many of 
those who have superlative qualities in 
some form, and yet it will not fulfill the best 
in life. With these qualities, whether they 
are accompanied by genius of every kind or 
not, a community will be self-sustaining and a 
valuable integral part of the larger field which 
goes to make up a nation. 

In the limited time which I have at my dis- 
posal I do not intend to attempt to give a 
history of the town even in the form of a 
summary. Others quite likely may do so; in 
any case, I am confident that the history to 
which I have referred, which is available to 
all, would furnish most of the material which 
would naturally go into such an address, yet 






1 



: 



M 



Weeks Public Library 



Fortunately we find no such lesson in the past. 
During its one hundred and fifty years this 
town has represented those things which are 
best in a Nev, England community. It is 
true that we cannot boast of its having been 
the birthplace or home of great statCbmen, 
great poets, great musicians, or geniuses in 
any particular walk in life; but, while men 
and women having unusual attainments may 
be valuable elements in the total which goes to 
make up our composite life, they are not 
essential to the material success or to the 
happiness of a community. Indeed, the 
qualities to be hoped for in the citizenship of 
any town are those old standard virtues- 
honesty, enterprise, frugality, and loyalty to 
home and government and religion. With- 



I can not fail to call to your attention some 
of the things in which the people of this town 
have been interested and some of the leading 
participants in its affairs, and perhaps point 
out some of the reasons why the results have 
been so satisfactory to those of us who are- 
receiving the benefits of the foresight and 
high character of our ancestors. 

We should be thankful that we live in a 
time which, based on such standards as we 
have, produces the best results in education, 
temperance, physical comfort, and all of the 
other conditions which should go with making 
a happy and contented people, that we are 
endowed with the faculty of not only appre- 
ciating and understanding those things of 
which we have personal and physical know!- 



Lancaster 



281 



edge but we may connect ourselves with the 
past through history, which has more or less 
truthfully brought to us the happenings' of 
other times. That faculty enables us to 
understand the conditions under which those 
who preceded us lived. We may imbibe their 
spirit, understand their sufferings and trials. 
and appreciate the ambit ions which controlled 
them and the rejoicings which came as a result 
of their efforts— in a way we become their 
contemporaries. Therefore, it is not difficult 
for us to understand the trials and hardships 
and self-sacrifices which invariably go with 
the settlement of a new country surrounded, 
as has: generally been the case, with savage 



region between the New Hampshire settle- 
ments and Crown Point on the one hand and 
Quebec on the other. This settlement would 
have been impossible before the successful 
conclusion of the French and Indian wars in 
the Fifties because of the raids of the St 
Francis Indians, which tribe was practically 
annihilated by Rogers and his rangers ana 
other similar bands of hardy frontiersmen 
during these wars, and the fear of the French 
who, from their vantage points at Crown 
Point and Quebec, could very well claim 
domination over this region. These early 
settlers undoubtedly considered the possibil- 
ity of obtaining a temporary living by 



%1- -^ 












• '- . " ■ ... .....■.:. 



Main Street, Lancaster 



foes, an unbroken wilderness, failure in crops, 
incompetent control of the diseases of which 
all mankind are subjected and the removal 
iron,, the centers of refinement and advanced 
civilization. Considering such conditions we 
can easily understand the privations and 
hardships esdured by those who came to this 
town as charter members. 

The first settlement of this town does not 
differ materially from similar undertakings 
during the period when it was made. There 
was the desire of those who had located in 
sections which were not particularly adapted 
to agricultural pursuits to obtain a larger 
area of better land, without material cost, 
urged on by the ambition of Governor Went- 
" worth to take possession of the indefinite 



hunting and fishing, but they were in no 
sense adventurers; on the contrary, they were 
home-seekers, whose first desire was to obtain 
the best available lands and to found a 
peaceful; orderly, law-abiding, self-sustaining 
community. 

The first settlers were followed immediately 
after the end of the Revolutionary War by 
many who had taken part in that conflict, 
who, with those who had preceded them, 
exerted an influence on the character of the 
town which has been felt down to the present 
day. Let me refer briefly to these first 
settlers and what they meant to the settle- 
ment and its future activities. 

Frequently one person, or at most a few 
persons have a large influence in moulding 



2S2 



The Granite Monthly 



the life as well as the future of a community . 
This is particularly true of those who came 
to Lancaster in 1761. They included David 
Pago, David Page, Jr., Emmons Stockwell, 
Ruth Page. Edwards Bucknam, Timothy 
Nash and George Wheeler. Of these Nash 
and Wheeler did not become permanent resi- 
dents but Nash, at lease. left his imprint on 
this region for he discovered the White 
Mountain Notch and gave his name to that 
area in the Notch known at the present day 
as the Nash and Sawyer grant. David Page 
did not remain continuously in Lancaster and 
did not apparently take as active a part in its 
life as did the young people who came with 



sufficiently keen she might have heard the 
morning gun fired from the French fortifica- 
tion at Crown Point 01 at Quebec, resouinlmu. 
over the uninhabited and unbroken wilder- 
ness between Lancaster and these points. 
Her memory would take her back to the 
settlement at Charlestown, N". IT., the first 
really permanent settlement to the south, or 
she might have even imagined that she could 
hear the surf beating on the rocks of the Maine 
coast — -one hundred miles to the East. We 
can see her engaged in her daily work, visited 
as she was on many occasions by savages 
when there was no one present to protect her, 
always living in the midst of wild beasts, 



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High School -Lancaster Academy 



iim, but the other four, among the 1764 
vomers, became and remained for many \-ears 
he most important factors in the town's 
development. The year following their coni- 
ng Ruth Page married Emmons Stockwell 
md they had bora to them fifteen children, 
nost of whom grew to manhood and woman- 
mod in this town. Edwards Bucknam mar- 
ked the same year Susannah, the second 
laughter of David Page, and they had born 
;o them ten children, seven of whom grew to 
nanhood and womanhood in this town. 

We may well look back to Ruth Page with 
idmiration if not with astonishment. How 
sasy it is to see in our mind's eye what must 
)ave been her life. If her hearing had been 



dependent upon her own resources and strength 
of character to maintain a condition of con- 
tentmi nt and to render the assistance which 
she alone could do in such a community. 
And yet it is not taking anything from this 
woman's accomplishments to assert that even, 
judged by the test of her endurance and cour- 
age, there has probably been no deterioration 
in American womanhood since that time. 
We see today the wives and daughters of 
American settlers going to the remotest sec- 
tions of Alaska or taking a residence in the 
wildest and most uncivilized parts of the 
Philippines, exhibiting the same courage and 
same loyalty to those with whom they are 
connected that Ruth Page did in her day. 



Lancaster 



283 



We arc apt to look Kick to the accomplish- 
ments of those who have lived before with a 
feeling that they were abnormal, and yet it 
is well for ns to remember, and remember 
with pride, that the women of today would, 
if the test came, come up to the high standards 
set by the American women of earlier genera- 
tions. 

David Page, Jr., Emmons Stockwell and 
Edwards Bucknam were men of determination 
and high character, and they for many years 
furnished the "vigorous stimulus needed to 
maintain courage in the faint-hearted who 
at times were disposed to give up the colony. 
In this respect the town owes an everlasting 
debt of gratitude to Emmons Stockwell, who, 
at " one time, undoubtedly prevented the 



will be to all of you. that he who bore Emmons 
Stockwell's name in the third generation did 
not live to take part in this celebration, lie 
was the one connecting link in this generation 
which allied his time with the period of which 
we are speaking. If Emmons Stockwell, 
known to all of you, named for his grand- 
father and inheriting man}- of his sterling 
characteristics, had lived a month longer we 
should have had the unusual spectacle of a 
grandson of the orignial settler taking pari in 
our celebration of the one hundred and fiftieth 
anniversary of the founding of this town. 

The descendants of those who cam-:- here 
during and after iho R evolutionary War, 
and before 1790, were, for one hundred years 
at least, important men in the affairs of the 



I ' 



,' J 






Grammar School 



collapse of the settlement. Edwards Buck- 
nam was a man of .a somewhat different type. 
He had all the qualities necessary in building 
up a new community, having a capacity to 
do well nearly ever}- thing which the ordinary 
citizen undertakes. He was the land sur- 
veyor, the justice of the peace, the clerk, the 
scribe, and performed many other functions 
admirably. It will therefore be seen that 
this town was not only fortunate in the 
immediate work done by these young people, 
but they became the parents and grandparents 
of a very considerable portion of the popula- 
tion of the town in the following generations, 
and their descendants are still included in 
considerable numbers among those who live 
in this town and region. 

It is a matter of great regret to me, and 



town and State and even today the}' are here 
in considerable numbers, man}' of them still 
residents of this town. Those who came 
here during that time included Stephen Wil- 
son, Jonas Wilder, Isaac Darby, Dennis Stan- 
ley, John Rosebrook, John Weeks, Edward 
Spaulding, William Moore, Joseph Brackett, 
John Mclntyre, Phineas Hodgdon, Coffin 
Moore, Moses AVhite and others. All of these 
names are familiar to the present generation. 
It is true that some of these families have 
become extinct and one of the subjects which 
we might properly consider today, if there 
were time, is the passing of this old New 
England stock, prolific to a degree in those 
days but novr rapidly degenerating as far as 
reproduction is concerned. Their places, 
however, have been taken in many cases by 



2S4 



Thx Granite Monthly 



those connected with other nationalities than 
the original settlers, some French, many of 
them Irish but all here for tin- same purpose 
that actuated the English stock which, origi- 
nally settle*! the town, that is 10 make for 
themselves and their families permanent 
homes and to become good American citizens. 
No town iii this community had among 
the earlier Irish settlers sturdier or manlier 
men — such as the Monahans, the McGartens, 
the Connorys. the Sheridans. the Hartleys, 
the Sullivans, and many others — who have 
left large families, all of whom are admirable 
citizens, constituting one of the very best ele- 
ments in this region; so that whether the old 
Yankee stock continues or passes, and whether 



mother Weeks. While 1 should not go into 
family history in detail, I think I may be 
pardoned if I refer to John Weeks, whose 
name I bear, for my ancestry and my being a 
native of the town gives me a right to churn 
at least an active interest in this family 
gathering. 

John Weeks, of the fourth generation of his 
family in America, of southern New Hamp- 
shire birth, a farmer by occupation and 
soldier in the Revolutionary War, came to 
this town in 1786 and was one of the first 
settlers on the river road to Dalton. His 
log cabin was built near the fine meadows 
bordering on the Connecticut River, which 
have been aptly referred to by the Reverend 





.-. 




! 








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Lancaster House 



those of other lineage take its place or not, we 
may, I think, look forward to the years to 
come with hope and confidence that the stand- 
ards of the past will be maintained, not be- 
cause they were those of one race but because 
they were worthy tc be emulated, and all who 
wish to become citizens, coming hereafter, will 
be stimulated to follow the example of those 
who have gone before and make for them- 
selves a place which those who come later 
may look back to with an equal feeling of 
gratitude and pride. 

Two of those to whom I have referred as 
coming here immediately after the Revolu- 
tionary War were my immediate ancestors, 
John Weeks being my great-grandfather and 
Dennis Stanley the father of my grand- 



Thomas Starr King in the "White Hills" in 
the lines: 

'The tasselled maize, full grain or clover, 

Far o'er the level meadow grows. 
And through it, like a wayward rover, 
The rmble river gently tiows." 

He, as did the first settler David Page, 
brought with him his eldest daughter, estab- 
lished his home and was followed later in the 
long difficult trip through the White Moun- 
tain Notch by my great-grandmother who 
brought her remaining children, one of them 
a babe in arms. From this stock and those 
related to it have come not only the Weeks 
family of this town but collateral to it the 
Bracketts, the Webbs, the Bells, the Spauld- 
ings, the Emersons, the Mclntyres, the 



Lancaster 



285 



Jacobs and others who will be recognized 

among the honored and good cit izens who 
have been connected with these families. 

M}- grandfather settled on the south side 
of Mount Prospect where were born seven 
children including my father, who later set- 
tled,, as the older citizens present know, on 
the river road on the farm which his father 
had originally located and to which I have 
refened. If space allowed I would like to say 
much of these men to whom I am so greatly 
indebted, but I think I may not be out of 
place if I speak particularly of my father in 
whose memory as soon as I was able — and it 
was one of the greatest joys of my life — I 
erected the Memorial Library with which you 



a distinguished soldier in the War of IS 12 
and one of the four members of Congress 
who have made their home in this town. 
Therefore while the earlier Weekses settled 
in Portsmouth, now Greenland, X. H., which 
must be looked to as the cradle of our family 
in this country; yet the members of my 
immediate family will turn to this town as 
the most cherished spot on this continent and 
it is as a devoted and affectionate son that I 
extend you my thanks for having tins oppor- 
tunity to acknowledge my debt to those mem- 
bers of my family who have preceded me and 
also the equal debt, in another form, which I 
owe to the home of my fathers — my place of 
nativity. 



"*.•'■;.'' " : --. ._"■ ;/• ' ';'■"">• 



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The Oil Cross Hou.< 



are familiar. There are a few now living who 
knew him well, many of you as children 
remember him, but very fe^ of you can 
appreciate the fiiiaf pride which I take in him 
and in his modest career. We all feel that 
our parents have superlative virtues but after 
many years of activity in many walks of life, 
associated with men of all professions, occupa- 
tions, and character, I am qualified to say to 
you that I have never known a finer character 
or one whose manly, gentle, sweet life could 
furnish a better example for those who were 
fortunate enough to have him for an ancestor. 
Four generations of the Weeks family have 
lived in this town and mingled their bones 
with its soil, including my great-uncle, Major 
John Wingate Weeks, for whom I was named. 



Systems of transportation are the arteries 
which keep in operation our complex indus- 
trial life. When these become impaired or 
are not thoroughly constructed or equipped 
the effect on the body politic is similar to the 
action which hardening of the arteries has on 
the human system. The correctness of this 
statement could not be better illustrated 
than to note the changes which have come in 
the last one hundred and fifty years in local 
transportation facilities and the resulting 
effect they have had on the prosperity of this 
section. If there are those who have not a 
clear conception of the difficulties in traveling 
from one locality in this part of the country 
to another when it was originally settled they 
can easily obtain the experience which will be 



2SG 



The Granite Monthly 



a complete demonstration. Go into the 
uncut spruce forest anywhere in Coos County 
and especially in those places where there is 
thick undergrowth, and you will find a con- 
dition which was practically uniform from 
Charlestown, one hundred miles south on 
the Connecticut River, to this village when 
Ruth Page came here in 17o4. 

For many years thereafter the only roads 
to Lancaster, whether the traveler came via 
the Connecticut River route or by the way of 
the White Mountain Notch, were blazed hues. 
Most of those who came during this period 
walked, though, of course, the weaker ones rode 
horseback. The conditions requiring this form 



member seeing one which had been used by 
some of the earlier settlers. This luxury, 
which might be compared with our bicycles 
built for two or the motor cycle with its side 
attachment, was an extension saddle, the 
woman using it riding on the saddle behind 
the man. 

Twenty-five years after the settlement 
came the early dirt or corduroy roads, rough 
and difficult but enabling the use of wheeled 
vehicles. At first only the two-wheel "shay" 
and ox carts could be used, followed in 1S22 
by the first four-wheel vehicles. These had 
wooden springs and we can easily imagine 
the discomforts in traveling over rough roads 






Summer Home of Hon. Samuel \Y. McCall and Geo. A. Fernald, Mi. Prospect 



of transportation and the hardships attending 
it are well illustrated by the trip of Phoebe 
Dustin Spaulding in «17t59. She spent two 
days and a night on the road from Haverhill 
to Lancaster, carrying her young babe in her 
arms, sleeping on the ground where night 
overtook them and reaching the settlement 
at Lancaster as night closed in on the second 
day. Mrs. Spaulding was the mother of the 
well-known Spaulding family which has fur- 
nished so many excellent citizens to this com- 
munity. 

This rude system of transportation contin- 
ued many years, the first improvement, not 
in the roads, but in the equipment, being the 
adoption of the pillion used during the first 
hundred years of the life of the town. I re- 



in a wagon constructed in that way; in fact, 
wagons of this general character, though 
somewhat improved as time went on, con- 
tinued to 'be the best the community could 
afford until about ninety years after the set- 
tlement of the town. 

My father has told me that in his younger 
days he took part in the pung sleigh cavalcades 
which carried the products of the farmers of 
this community to Portland, a little more 
than one hundred miles away, and that it 
generally required five days to made the trip. 
The type of sleigh used for this purpose has 
disappeared, its peculiarity being that in- 
stead of sitting in the front of the sleigh to 
drive the hoises the driver stood on an exten- 
sion at the rear end. 



Lancaster 



287 



With the advent of vehicles with leather 
and metal springs there developed a good road- 
building spirit similar to that which we have 
seen in recent years, because it was seen that 
better roads were necessary in order to insure 
the adoption and use of the most up-to-date 
wagons and carriages. The later progressive 
steps, like the coming of the railroad. in 1870, 
the changes in methods of road construction 
undertaken twenty-five years ago, and the 
State roads of today are familiar to most of us. 

The end in improvement is not yet. One 
hundred and fifty .years ago it required at 
least two weeks to communicate with Boston 
and get a reply; for many years after the con- 
struction of telegraph lines, installed in 1S66, 



with your family on the China Coast, getting a 
reply in a comparatively few minutes. 

One hundred and fifty years ago it required 
at least live days to reach either the Atlantic 
Coast through the Notch or the Charlcstown 
settlement on the Connecticut. What would 
Emmons Stockwell, the pioneer, have said if 
he had been told that in one hundred and fifty 
years in traveling by highway one would be 
able to make the trip from Number 10 to 
Lancaster in the same number of hours which 
it took him days to cover the same distance? 
What would the good citizens of the year 1814 
have said if they had been told that the as- 
sessed value of t]ie automobiles in this town 
in one hundred years would be as great or 



Mt. Prospect. Hon. J. W. Weeks' Summer Home from Stebbius Hil! 



we could make the same communication in 
an hour or less, and by telephone we do it in a 
few minutes. Now the wireless towers in 
Washington pick up the ticking of a clock in 
theEifel tower in Paris, and the Naval Observ- 
atory, by using the wireless, sends the time 
to all sections of the country east of the Rock- 
ies and the mariner catches the time as it is 
sent broadcast, assuring him that his chronom- 
eter has not changed since his journey was 
undertaken and therefore his location can not 
be mistaken. The airmen travel with ease 
sixty miles an hour, and you may confidently 
look forward to the day when 3 r ou will break- 
fast in Lancaster, make the trip to Boston, 
complete the business which has called you 
and return to your family at the usual supper 
hour, or, if occasion requires, communicate 



greater than the assessed valuation of all its 
property at that time. What would the resi- 
dents of fifty years ago have said if they had 
been told they could take their breakfast at 
the usual hour in Boston and reach Lancaster 
in good time for supper of the same day 
traveling over highways instead of by rail- 
road. 

What changes since the days, which those 
of us in middle life recall, when those modern 
jehus, Free Beede, Jim Pool, and Wat Lind- 
sey drove the stages from Littleton to Lan- 
caster, leaving the former town on the arrival 
of the train from Boston and reaching Lan- 
caster about midnight, sixteen to eighteen 
hours from the Metropolis, Beede enlivening 
the long trip with songs and ail of them mak- 
ing the trip seem shorter with their gossip and 



288 



The Granite Monthly 



interesting comment. How many times I 
have been wakened as the stages passed my 
father's house by hearing Beede's wonderful 
voice which all Lancaster loved to hear— even 
when they had the best talent from Boston 
taking part in musical conventions — singing 
that nearly forgotten song, the first lines of 
which were: 

"They tell me of that sunny South 
They say 'tis passing fair." 

Before there were roads this was a eommu- 



f 



f '.'■'■ 

Soldiers' Monument 

nity living within itself, which necessarily 
meant restriction to home products and abso- 
lute necessities and it was not until the middle 
of the nineteenth century that the cost of 
conveying the products to market did not 
practically absorb their value. 

Until the days of those admirable mer- 
chants Royal Joslin and Richard P. Kent, no 
merchant in this town was financially suc- 
cessful, the reason being that there was little 
actual money in circulation and that con- 
ducting business necessitated barter, it being 
necessary to accept the products raised by the 



farmers in exchange for the goods sold to 
them. These transactions could not be com- 
pleted until the farm products were sold so 
that necessarily the people were poor and. 
the difficulties of transporting to the market 
at Portland frequently caused material loss 
in the value of the products shipped on ac- 
count of delays due to impassable roads. 

As late as 1S23 the Gazetteer for New 
Hampshire said of the people of this region: 

"They are poor and for aught that appears 
to the contrary must always remain so, as 
they may be deemed actual trespassers on 
that part of creation destined by its author 
for the residence of bears, wolves, moose and 
other anirnals of the fqrest." 

This exaggerated depreciation of the people 
of this town and their poverty is not unlike 
what we are apt to hear at this time by those 
pessimists who see little good in the times in 
which they live and the changing conditions 
which are really improving. I have confi- 
dence in the belief that the changes made in 
the prosperity of this town due to the advent 
of the stage-coach and the four-wheel vehicle 
and later the railroads will be duplicated in 
the great improvement to the roads resulting' 
from the coming of ihe automobile, and t hat- 
where twenty-five years ago one person came 
to the White Mountain section for pleasure 
purposes, in the immediate future a hundred 
will come, will spend their money here liber- 
ally, will furnish a market for the products 
of the soil and will give this region renewed 
and enduring prosperity*. These hills, and 
the many reasons which have brought people 
here for one hundred years, have not and will 
not change; these attractions in the future will 
be the same as in the past. The leisure class 
increases from year to year and this commu- 
nity will be benefited by its coming and by 
the reduction in the cost of getting its 
products to the market — a self-evident 
proposition. 

What would the writer of the criticism to 
whicli I have referred say if he could have 
lived to have seen conditions as represented in 
this town today? I suppose, as has been 
usually the case in the past, that many will 
say we have no great industry, and that there 
is not much going on. I have heard that said 
by my friends for forty years but let me point 
out to you what has happened in these forty 
years as is evidenced by the increase in the 



Lancaster 



289 



surplus wealth of the town and community. 
I remember as a boy that there was but one 
bank in Coos County — the Lancaster Savings 
Bank— and that it then had about §200,000 
in deposits. The population of Coos County, 
with the exception of the city of Berlin, has 
not increased materially in the intervening 
time, and there have not come into the county 
— again excepting Berlin — industries which 
would draw to it much wealth, and yet in- 
stead of there being just one bank in the 
county there are now a dozen banks and in- 
stead of the total deposits of the county being 
§200,000 the total investments inbank shares 
and deposits of this town are substantially ten 
times that amouut. In other words, the 
writer of the criticism which appeared in the 
New Hampshire Gazetteer, if he could have 
lived until today, would have found a million 
dollars in the Lancaster Banks for every one 
hundred thousand dollars found there forty 
years ago, and I am informed that the banks 
of other towns in the county have as much or 
more. I think this is a conclusive argument 
that there has been thrift and frugality and 
prosperity among the people of this town, so 
that those who are apt to be influenced by the 
pessimist holding up to them pictures of the 
prosperity of other sections of our country 
should discount these complaints and reply 
that the growth in wealth and prosperity and 
comforts, which has come to this town inThe 
last forty years, has exceeded many times over 
that which came in the first one hundred years 
of the town's existence and this vested wealth 
has been parallel to and coincident with in- 
creased facilities in transportation. 

While I have .said that the town has not 
had many illustrious sons yet its average has 
been high in all walks of life and especially 
so in the ease of the 'legal profession. The 
town's first lawyer was Richard Claire Everett, 
who settled here in 1793, married a daughter 
of the town, and lived and died in the house at 
the corner of High and Main streets, now 
known as the Cross House. He was a man 
of character and ability who developed a very 
considerable practice, which increased rapidly 
with the growth of the community. He was 
the forerunner of a bar which has included 
among its members men of great legal attain- 
ments. 

Forty years ago it had among its active at- 
torneys the Heywoods; the Fletchers; Ray, 



Drew cv. Jordan; Hon. William Burns, Judge 
"William S. Ladd, Hon. Jacob Benton; Hon. 
Benjamin F. Whidden, George A. Cossitt and 
immediately before and after that time other 
men who attained distinction in their profes- 
sion. It is very unusual to find in these days 
of compromise and tendency to settle suits 
more than two or three lawyers of the first class 
in a town of this size. There will be general 
agreement that the men to whom I have re- 
ferred formed one of the most unusual bars 
that could be found anywhere in the United 
States in such a conimunitv. 



.,:.; 



Hon. H. VV. Dennison 



Lancaster has furnished its quota, more 
than its quota, to every war in which our 
country has been engaged since the founda- 
tion of the town — very few to be sure in the 
great war which made us a nation because 
there were not many here available for that 
purpose — but if one doubts the ready response 
to the call of our country's support in other 
times he has but to look at the list of names on 
the monument in Centennial Park where he 
will find that there was scarcely one of the 
older families which has not contributed of its 
number to the contests in which our country 
has been engaged. The records show that 



290 



The Granite Monthly 



two of the seventeen males who were then 
residents took part in the Revolutionary War; 
that the company which. Captain John Win- 
gate Weeks led into the War of 1812 included 
143 men, all coming from this section, and 
that when volunteers were called for in 1861, 
five per cent of the voting population had en- 
listed at the close of the second day. Among 
these there may have been no military genius, 
but there was at least one son whose career in 
the Civil War should send a thrill of pride 
through every loyal native of this town. I 
refer, of course, to Colonel Edward E. Cross, 
the gallant commander of the Fifth New 
Hampshire Regiment in the Civil War, a regi- 
ment which in proportion to its numbers en- 
gaged lost more men during its career than 
any regiment in the northern armies. For 
more than two years it was led by this intrepid 
and adventuresome spirit who was always in the 
fight, and in the fight until the finish. Hip 
service warranted his expecting and hoping 
for the star of a Generalship; indeed, he was 
serving as a Brigadier General in command of 
a brigade when killed in the wheat field at the 
foot of Little Round Top in the battle of 
Gettysburg where eighty-eight of our one 
hundred eighty-two men of his old regiment 
were killed or wounded in the evening of 
the second day of that great battle. If he 
had been spared to continue his career to the 
end of the war he would easily have estab- 
lished himself as one of the most successful 
non-professional soldiers of that great conflict. 
So to him and to all others who have taken 
part in national contests we may this day ac- 
claim our satisfaction that, when the supreme 
test has required it, the sons of Lancaster have 
always been ready for the sacrifice. 

The character of this town and the success 
of its people as well as of large numbers who 
have gone to other localities is due to the 
Lancaster Academy and the training which 
our youth has been given within its walls. 
It was elementary and it was not without 
breaks and temporary failures but it is worth 
noting in this day of systematic and all com- 
prehensive schoolteaching that the graduates 
of this school have met witli unusual success 
in every section of the Union, competing 
with the graduates of more famous schools 
and colleges. Its alumni are here in large 
numbers. An association has been formed 
which with other interests should work to 



keep the schools of this town up to the best 
standards and let us hope that the results 
will be equal to those of the past. 

Those who came as the first settlers to 
Lancaster were firm believers that govern- 
ment should be based upon morality and 
religious sentiment; that the good Christian 
is naturally a good citizen and, therefore, 
among the first things they did was to estab- 
lish a church and call to it Parson Willard 
who, for many years, was the religious and 
moral leader of this town. Such a man may 
stamp his individuality not only on those 
who are directly in contact with him but upon 
the whole community. We see today, even 
in a time when there are multitudinous in- 
terests which take the time of men, women 
and children, some men who, by their conduct 
and example, are exercising a strong influence 
upon those with whom they are brought in 
contact. As time has gone on other churches 
have been organized in t he town ; new divisions, 
incident to creed and methods, have been 
emphasized by separate places of woiship 
and a long line of excellent men have filled 
their pulpits. But I believe that a better 
day has come in matters relating to religious 
activities. There is a distinct movement 
toward concentration of effort. Men still 
insist on their particular faith as the one best 
suited to the religious requirements of the 
community, but the age of hostile criticism 
and doubt because others do not agree with 
them is passing away and a better day is 
coming when we shall all recognize the funda- 
mentals of a Cliristian life and modify or 
entirely remove our faith in creeds and dog- 
mas. 

Those who first came to the town gave to it 
such a substantial character that there was a 
permanence and stability in the settlement 
even from the building of the first log cabin, 
and that general air of satisfaction and happi- 
ness, cleanliness, and respectable appearance, 
which the town has always had, is maintained 
with undiminished excellence down to and 
including the present day. Where will you 
see better ordered streets, better maintained 
houses and surroundings, more beautiful 
trees, a more general air of thrift and comfort 
ancj the plenty which is sufficient to drive 
away the possibility of want than in this town? 
To be sure, there are no palaces here; there is 
nothing extraordinary in architecture or in 



Lancaster 



291 



any of the qualities which go to make up a 
New England village, but there is that 
general average of completeness in all that 
is necessary, which can not be excelled in any 
similar community. 

The town has not only done this but it has 
sen into many other communities its sons 
and daughters, some of whom have returned 
here today to join in this celebration, hun- 
dreds of whom are worthy and important 
members of some other community, continuing 
the habits of life which they have acquired here 
and bringing to their adopted homes the best 
elements of these surroundings. 

Occasionally one of them has in some de- 
gree excelled his fellowmen in the accumula- 
tion of money, or in important position which 
he ma}- have obtained, or in some other de- 
partment of life. There may be among 
those who have remained, and who have 
seemed to have lived a more reserved or at 
least a quieter life, who may think at times 
that they have not accomplished as much in 
the world's affairs a-: they might have done 
if they had gone to other fields. I want to say 
to them, if there are such in this presence, 
that success in life is not important position, 
it is not the accumulation- of money, it is not 
doing important and prominent things in any 
capacity, but it is doing the best you can with 
the material you have at your disposal, in 
whatever surroundings you may find yourself, 
and those who have gone to other fields— a 
distinguished example of whom has just passed 
from the stage or" life — the late Henry \Y. 
Denison, for many years the adviser of the 
Japanese Government in all of that Govern- 
ment's foreign affairs, the last American 
citizen to be retained in an important place 
by that government, and all others like him 
who have seemed to do more important 
things than you have accomplished have 
simply done the best they could and have 
made the fullest use of the opportunities 
winch have come to them. If you have done 
the same in this community; if you have 
brought up your family as God-fearing loyal 
citizens; if you have done your part to make 
this community as good a place in which to live 
as it was when you joined it or even to better 
the conditions which you originally found, 
then you are entitled to the same credit and 
should be as happy in the consciousness of 
having done as well as he who has seemed to 



accomplish more in other fields. All of us 
have a bit of envy in our natures but envy is 
never justifiable and position in life is the 

last reason why we should envy our fellow- 
men. 

Regard for or pride in ancestry may be an 
evidence of a tendency to depend upon repu- 
tation rather than upon works, but a suitable 
regard for ancestors and the example which 
they have set must be, I think, an incentive to 
better living and doing. What sense can be 
stronger than the feeling that we are worthy 
of those who have preceded us and what will 
cause us to perform our duties more efficiently 



i&&.<ti3X«rSte& 



Weeks Stone Tower— '-Mt. Prospect 

than the thought that we are continuing the 
excellent policies of those who have gone 
before us. But the people of this community 
should not be satisfied to maintain what was 
done under adverse conditions, but should, 
under the conditions which now exist, make 
it a better place in which to live even than 
they who builded could have anticipated. 
Changes in methods of living and facilities 
for doing are so gradual, looking from one 
year to another, that we hardly appreciate 
how much better we are provided for than 
were even those of a few years ago. 

It should give the people of Lancaster no 
concern that its growth has been slow. This 



HON. IRVING W. DREW 
President of ti->e Day 



m 



Lancaster 



293 



condition might have been obviated perhaps 
by the establishment of industries requiring 
the bringing here of a class of undesirable 
people. There is no satisfaction in mere 
bigness; it may be the antithesis of greatness. 
Such growth as has come to this town lias not 
changed its character which is what makes a 
community great. 

Very few of us who are present today will 
be present to join in the two hundredth anni- 
versary of the settlement of this town, but 
we may hope that those who follow us. who 
will conduct and lake part in that celebration, 
may find much that makes this a better world 
in which to live and in recalling our actions 
and efforts will be able to say thai we lived up 
to our obligations as good citizens and that 
they will be able to recount many changes 
similar to those which have made the imme- 
diate past the most fruitful and progressive 
period in the world's history. Let us hope 
that they will see that we contributed to the 
cause of good government and to religious 
liberty and that we were insistent in promot- 
ing any cause which would make bettei the 
condition of man and his surroundings. 
Then they will look back upon us with the 
same feeling of gratitude and appreciation 
which we feel for those who have preceded us. 

This is a period of great changes in Nations 
as well as smaller communities; it is a period 
of experimenting in governmental and in 
social problems. Much of this is the undi- 
gested production of impractical minds. Some 
of it will result in improving conditions, if for 
no other reason because it will mean the 
replacing of old worn-out methods with mod- 
ern methods fitted to the special conditions 
which prevail. There is no occasion for 
Lancaster to become a political or social 
experimental station. On the contrary it 
may well abstain from changes until the 
propcssd procedure has been tested by time 
and usage elsewhere. Then and only then 
should you give up what has served \ r ou well 
in the past. "Why should you follow any 
other course. You are remote from the 
great activities, unaffected by the seething, 
fermenting thought which is so prevalent in 
all large communities. You can or should 
view the great questions wliich are agitating 
mankind dispassionately and wisely. You 
have every agency necessary for the promo- 
tion of health, comfort and real happiness; 



you are intelligent, charitable, religious and 
3'our history is one of happy memories and 
sane performances. AH nature smiles on this 
town. Let us be satisfied that these condi- 
tions are sound, that they should be protected, 
and let us put ourselves to the task of making 
this an even better place in which to live so 
that, in fifty years when our children celebrate 
the two hundredth anniversary they may say 
our fathers and mothers were worthy of those 
who went before. They made the time, they 
controlled the great trust, one of peace, of 
prosperity, of honor, and we cannot do better 
than to emulate such an example. 

Speaking for myself, my affection for this 
town and my old friends who have lived here 
or who live here now, lessening in numbers, as 
they are from year to year, has never dimin- 
ished and when the time comes that I hope 
in my declining days to have an opportunity 
to enjoy the leisure which comes to all of us 
after the activities of life and that I may have 
the good fortune to spend many days in your 
midst with only .the desire that I can be a 
good citizen with your good citizens and 
enjoy these surroundings a part of the time 
as you residents should do all the time. 



HON. IRVING W, DREW 
Irving Webster Drew, long known 
as one of the most brilliant lawyers 
in the State, son of Amos Webster 
and Julia' Esther (Levering) Drew, 
was born at Colebrook, New Hamp- 
shire, January 8, 1845. He fitted for 
college at Kimball Union Academy, 
Meriden, and graduated at Dart- 
mouth in the class of 1870. He stud- 
ied law in the office of Ray & Ladd, 
at Lancaster, and was admitted to 
the bar in November, 1871. William 
S. Ladd, having been appointed a. 
Judge of the Supreme Judicial Court, 
Mr. Drew succeeded him as a mem- 
ber of the firm, Ray & Drew. In 
'1873 the firm became Ray, Drew & 
Hey wood. In 1876, Chester B. Jor- 
dan succeeded Mr. Heywood. The 
firm remained Ray, Drew & Jor- 
dan until 1882, when Philip Carpen- 
ter became a partner of Ray, Drew, 
Jordan & Carpenter. Air. Ray was 
elected to Congress in 1880 and re- 
tired from the firm in 1884, Air. Car- 



^•7 7. 



■■i 


£ 




h 










i 


a 


..• 




; 


£ 


. 





., 


?; 






■'i 


§ 








£ 




o 



« C 



-.« '. ,.-*-• • I • ..— .*■ - 



£ .:•_ V.ii 



Lancaster 



29, 



penter in 1S85. From this time this 
law firm was known as Drew tv. Jordan 
until 1893. when William P. Buckley 
was taken into partnership. The 
firm continued Drew, Jordan & Buck- 
ley until 1901. when 'Merrill Shurtleff 
entered the firm. The name re- 
mained Drew, Jordan. Buckley ^c 
Shurtleff until the death of Mr. Buck- 
ley, January 10, 1006. The following 
March George F. Morris became a 
partner. Mr. Jordan retired January, 
1910. For three years the firm name 
was Drew. Shurtleff & Morris, In 
1913, Eri C. Oakes was admitted to 
the present firm of Drew, Shurtleff, 
Morris & Oakes. 

Mr. Drew's career as a lawyer has 
been long and successful. During 
forty-two years of active practice he 
has devoted his best powers to the 
profession which he loves and honors. 
He was admitted to all the Federal 
Courts in 1877. A loyal member of 
the New Hampshire Bar Association, 
he was elected president at its annual 
meeting in 1899. 

Mr. Drew has been actively inter- 
ested in politics, State and National. 
He was chosen delegate to the Demo- 
cratic National Conventions of 1880 
at Cincinnati, and 1892 and 1896 at 
Chicago. But when William J. Bryan 
was nominated for President on a free 
silver platform, he became a Repub- 
lican. He was a member of the State 
Constitutional Conventions of 1902 
and 19 J 2. He was commissioned 
Major of the third Regiment, New 
Hampshire National Guard, in 1876 
and served three years. 

Mr. Drew has been much interested 
in the business affairs of his town and 
state. During the great contest be- 
tween the Boston & Maine and Con- 
cord Railroads, in 1887. he suggested 
to George Van Dyke that there was 
an opportunity to secure the building 
of the Upper Coos Railroad. At the 
organization of this railroad in 1887, 
he was made a director and was 
elected president in 1909. He was also 
for some years a director of the Here- 
ford Railroad. For many years a 



trustee of the Siwooganock Guaranty 
Savings Bank, Mr. Drew was made 
its president in 1891. Since its organ- 
ization he has been director of the 
Lancaster National Bank. He has 
been a trustee and the president of the 
Lancaster Free Library for many 
years, and always an enthusiastic 
$up$wmimr-v.£>i churches, schools and 
other town and state institutions. He 
is a member of the New Hampshire 
Historical Society, a Knight Templar 
in the Masonic Order, and an Odd 
Fellow. 

On August 12. 1914, at the celebra- 
tion of the one hundred fiftieth Anni- 
versary of the founding of the town of 
Lancaster, New Hampshire, Mr. 
Drew, as <l President of the Day. 7 ' 
presided at the commemorative exer- 
cises and at the ceremony of the un- 
veiling of the memorial to the founder 
of the town. 

Mr. Drew's home since he began 
the study and practice of the law has 
been at Lancaster. He married No- 
vember 4, 1869, Caroline Hatch Mer- 
rill, daughter of Sherburne Rowell and 
Sarah Blackstone (Merrill) Merrill, of 
Colebrook. Of their four children, a 
son, Pitt Fessenden Drew, and a 
daughter, Sally (Drew) Hall, wife of 
Edward Kimball Hall, survive. 

HON. JOHN W. WEEKS 
John W. Weeks, United States Sen- 
ator from Massachusetts, who was the 
leading speaker on the occasion of 
Lancaster's one hundred fiftieth anni- 
versary celebration, is one of the most 
distinguished natives of the town be- 
ing a great -grandson of that Capt. 
John Weeks, a soldier of the Revolu- 
tion and a descendant, in the fourth 
generation, of Leonard Weeks, who 
was a resident of Portsmouth in 1656, 
and subsequently settled in that por- 
tion of the town now Greenland, where 
the family has always been prominent, 
who located in Lancaster in 1786. 
John W. Weeks, the eldest son of 
Capt. John, became prominent in 
military and public affairs. He 
served with distinction in the War of 



200 



The Granite Monthly 



1812, and was a Representative in 

Congress from 1829 to 1833. The 
second son. James Brackett, was a 
successful farmer, taking due pride 
in his occupation, exercising a gener- 
ous hospitality, and rearing a large 
family, of whom two sons became 
leading citizens of the town and 
county. These were James W. and Wil- 
liam D. Weeks. The latter was a 
farmer; on the old homestead, a man 
of the highest character, who held the 
full confidence of the people and was 
called to many positions of trust and 
responsibility, the last being that of 



lie pursued till 1885, when he became 
a member of the firm of Hornblower 
& Weeks, bankers and brokers, con- 
tinuing till 1913, He served ten 
years in the Massachusetts Naval 
Brigade, the last six years as com- 
mander, and also served during the 
Spanish American War, in the volun- 
teer Navy, as commander of the 
Second Division United States Auxil- 
iary Naval Force, on the Atlantic Coast. 
He was an alderman of the City of 
Newt on, Mass., where he has his 
home, from 1900 to 1902 inclusive, 
and mayor of the city in 1903 and 









I 









=- — ~> ■ •^~* 



:-. it- 






Summer Home of Hon. John W. Weeks — Mt. Prospect 



Judge of Probate for Coos County, 
which he held from 187G till his death 
in 1885. He married, in 184S, Miss 
Mary Helen Fowler, and they had 
three children, a daughter and two 
sons. 

John W. Weeks, eldest son of Wil- 
liam D. and Mary Helen (Fowler) 
Weeks, was born in Lancaster, April 
11, 1860. He was educated in the 
Lancaster schools, and at the United 
States Naval Academy, graduating 
from the latter in 1881. He served 
two years as midshipman in the Navy, 
resigning in 1883 when he took up the 
profession of a civil engineer. This 



1904. He was elected to the National 
House of Representatives in Novem- 
ber, 1901, und four times successively 
reelected. January 14, 1913, he was 
elected by the Massachusetts Legis- 
lature as United States Senator, for 
six years, to succeed Winthrop Mur- 
ray Crane, and has already taken 
high rank in that body. He is a mem- 
ber of the Committees on Banking 
and Currency, Coast Defences, Con- 
servation of National Resources, For- 
est Preservation and the Protection 
of Game, Indian Depredations, Phil- 
ippines, Post Offices and Post Roads 
and Public Health and National 



Lancaster 



29; 



Quarantine. As a member of the 
Banking and Currency Committee 
he was active in the perfection of the 
Banking and Currency Act. passed at 
the present session, to which he gave 
his support. 

Mr. Weeks was chairman of the 
Massachusetts Republican State 
Convention in 1895, and a member 
of the Board of Visitors to the United 
States Naval Academv in 1896. He 



of 1812, and the Spanish American 
War, the Cincinnati and the Military 
Order of Foreign Wars. 

In 1885 he married Martha A., 
daughter of the late Hon. John G. 
Sinclair of Bethlehem. They have 
two children, Katharine Sinclair and 
Charles Sinclair. 

Mr. Weeks has a fine summer resi- 
dence on the summit of Mount Pros- 
pect in Lancaster. 



Hon. Ossian Ray 



has been president of the Newtouvi'le 
Trust Company, and vice-president 
of the First National Bank of Boston. 
He is a Unitarian in religion, and is 
a member of the Boston Chamber of 
Commerce, the University Club of 
Boston, Army and Navy Club, Chevy 
Chase Club, Metropolitan Club, 
Country Club of Brookline, Exchange 
Club of Boston, and the Societies of 
the Sons of the Revolution, the War 



HON. OSSIAN RAY 
A leading citizen of Lancaster, and 
one of the foremost lawyers of New 
Hampshire for many years, was 
Ossian Ray, a native of Hinesburg, 
Vt.j born December 13, 1S35. He 
was educated at the academies in 
Irasburg and Derby, Vt_, and com- 
menced the study of law with Jesse 
Cooper of Irasburg, but went to 
Lancaster in 1854, where he taught 



298 



The Granite Monthly 



school and continued his studies, being- 
admitted to the bar, and commencing 
general practice in 1S57. He devoted 
himself earnestly to his profession, 
gaining many clients, and established 
a successful practice. 

Politically he was a Republican and 
was prominent in public and political 
affairs. He was solicitor for Coos ■ 
County from 1862 to 1S72. and a 
representative in the Legislature from 
Lancaster in 18G8 and 1869. He was 
a delegate in the National Republican 
Convention in 1872. In 1879 he was 
appointed Lnited States district at- 
torney for New Hampshire, but re- 
signed in December of the following- 
year to enter the United States House 
of Representatives to which he had 
been elected to fill the unexpired 
term of Evarts W. Farr of Littleton, 
deceased. He was reelected to the 
Forty-seventh and Forty-eighth Con- 
gresses, and, upon the expiration of 
the latter term, resumed his legal 
practice as head of the firm of Ray, 
Drew & Jordan. 

In his professional work Mr. Ray 
was industrious, energetic, persistent 
and eminently successful. As a citi- 
zen he was public spirited., broad- 
minded and progressive. He read 
widely, outside of professional lines, 
and was thoroughly familiar with 
general literature. 

Mr. Ray was twice married: first 
to Miss Alice A. Fling of West 
Stewarts! own, March 2, 1856, and 
after her death, to Mrs. Sally E. 
(Small) Burnside, by whom he was 
survived at his death, January 28, 
1892, with a son and daughter by 
each marriage. 

HON. ALBERT R. SAVAGE 
Hon. Albert Russell Savage, of 
Auburn, Me., Chief Justice of the 
Supreme Court of that State, who 
was the second speaker on the Anni- 
versary programme, giving an address 
of much historical value and interest, 
is the second Xew Hampshire man to 
occupy the distinguished judicial posi- 
tion he now holds, the late Chief 



Justice Appleton of the same tribunal, 
having been born and reared in the 
town of Xew Ipswich. 

Judge Savage, though not a native 
of the town, was essentially a Lan- 
caster boy, his father, Charles W. 
Savage, and his mother, who was 
Eliza M. Clough, being natives, and 
returning to Lancaster from Ryegate, 
Vt., where Albert R. was horn Decem- 
ber 8, 1847, in 1856. Here he at- 
tended the common school, in old 
District Xo. 7, and subsequently the 
Lancaster Academy, from which he 
graduated in 1867. Entering Dart- 
mouth College in the autumn of the 
latter year, he graduated from that 
institution with the class of 1871, 
among his classmates being Melvin 
O. Adams of Boston, the late Alfred 
T. Batchelder of Keene, ex-Speaker 
Alvin Burleigh of Plymouth, ex- 
United States District Attorney 
Charles W. Hoitt of Nashua?, the late 
lamented Prof. Charles F. Richard- 
son, Judge Jonathan Smith of the 
Second Massachusetts District Court 
and Warren Upham, scientist and 
historian, Secretary and Librarian of 
the Minnesota Historical Society. 

Following graduation he taught at 
Xorthwood, X. H., and Xorthfield, 
Vt., until 1875, meanwhile pursuing 
the study of law. In the latter year 
he located in Auburn, Me., where he 
commenced practice, and continued 
with marked success. He served as 
attorney for Androscoggin County 
from 1881 to 1885, and as Judge of 
Probate from 1885 to 1889. He was 
chosen mayor of Auburn in 1889, and 
reelected in 1890 and 1891. In the 
latter year he was elected to the Maine 
House of Representatives and again 
in 1893, being chosen Speaker of the 
House for that session. From 1895 to 
1897 he was a member of the State 
Senate, and in the latter year was 
appointed an Associate Justice of the 
Supreme Judicial Court; reappointed 
in 1904 and again in 1911. In 1913 
he was made Chief Justice, which po- 
sition he now holds. 

Judge Savage received the honor- 



gm 



:-u: 



HON". ALBERT R. SAVAGE 
Chief Justice Supreme Judicial Court of Maine 



;oo 



The Granite Monthly 



ary degree of L.L.D. from Bates 

College in 1807; was similarly honored 
by Bowdoin in 1909, and by Dart- 
mouth, his alma mater, in 1911. 

He was united in marriage, in 1871, 
with Miss Nellie H. Hale of Lunen- 
burgh. Vt., who was also a graduate of 
Lancaster Academy. Their three chil- 
dren died, respectively in 1875, 1S96, 
and 1911, and Mrs. Savage in 1912. 

HON. CHESTER B. JORDAN* 
Chester Bradley Jordan, one of 
New Hampshire's most eminent citi- 
zens, was born in Colebrook, N. H., 
October 15, 1839. He was son of 
Johnson Jordan, born in Plainfield, 
N. H., April 8, 179S, and Minerva 
Buel Jordan, born in Hebron, Conn., 
July 19, 1801. His early life was 
filled with work and study. He at- 
tended the public school in boyhood, 
and in 1860 he entered Colebrook 
Academy. Later he attended Kim- 
ball Union Academy at Merid'en, 
where he graduated in 1866. He 
taught school many terms. In 1865-7 
he was superintendent of schools in 
Colebrook, and in 1867 was a select- 
man of that town. In 1S68 he was 
made clerk of the courts for Coos 
County and removed to Lancaster, 
serving until 1874. He had com- 
menced the study of law, and con- 
tinued after leaving the clerkship, 
with Hon. William S. Ladd, and with 
Ray, Drew and Heywood. He was 
admitted to the New Hampshire bar 
in November, 1875, and to practice 
in the United States Courts in 1881. 
In Ma}-, 1876, he became a law part- 
ner with Ray & Drew in the firm of 
Ray, Drew & Jordan. In 1882 the 
firm became Ray, Drew, . Jordan & 
Carpenter. In 1883 the firm became 
Drew, Jordan & Carpenter. Later it 
was Drew & Jordan; then it became 
Drew. Jordan & Buckley: then Drew, 
Jordan, Buckley & ShurtlefT. Upon 
the death of Mr. Buckley it was 
changed to Drew, Jordan <fc Shurtleff, 
and later it became Drew, Jordan, 
Shurtleff & Morris. Mr. Jordan re- 
tired from practice January 1, 1910. 



He was an ardent Republican and 
participated in all political campaigns. 
In 1870 he became interested in the 
Cods Republican and for a time was its 
editor. He contributed political and 
historical articles to the Boston Jour- 
nal and Concord Monitor. He also 
wrote several articles for the New 
Hampshire Historical Society and the 
Coos and Grafton Bar Association. 
He had been interested in every na- 
tional campaign since and including 
the campaign of 1852. In 1880 he 
was chosen a representative from Lan- 
caster, and was made Speaker of the 
House, which was a very strong, capa- 
ble body of legislators. He was 
chairman of the Republican State 
Convention in 1882, and won great 
applause by his management of the 
Currier and Hale antagonists. In 
1886 he was nominated for Senator in 
the Coos District, but was defeated. 
Lie ran again for the Senate in 1896, 
when William J. Bryan was the candi- 
date of the Democratic party for 
president, on the platform favoring 
the free coinage of silver at the ratio 
of 16 to 1, and was elected, and after- 
wards chosen President of the Senate. 
In 1901-2 he was elected Governor. 
He was given the honorary degree of 
L.L.D. bv Dartmouth College in 
1901, and" B.S. by the New Hamp- 
shire College the same year. He was 
offered a position on Governor Harri- 
man's staff in 1867, which he declined. 
He was a member of Governor Straw's 
staff in 1S72. In 1883 he was made 
an honorary member of the Webster 
Historical Societ} r , and in 1884 an 
honorary member of the Seventh New 
Hampshire Veterans Association. He 
was for several years vice-president of 
the Grafton and Coos Bar Association. 
He was Clerk of the Upper Coos Rail- 
road from its organization until 1913. 
He was a member of Evening Star 
Lodge of Masons at Colebrook, and of 
North Star Chapter at Lancaster. 

He married Ida R. Nutter, July 19, 
1879. They had four children— Rox- 
ana Minerva, born Januarv 19, 1882, 
Hugo, born May 26, 1884, died May 2, 



30 1 




HON. CHESTER B. JORDAN 



302 



The Granite Monthly 



18SG; Gladstone, born May 15, 1SSS, 
and Chester Bradley, Jr., born Feb- 
ruary 15. 1892. 

Governor Jordan passed away at his 
home in Lancaster. Monday evening, 
August 24, after a long illness, in his 
seventy-fifth year, mourned and hon- 
ored by his fellow townsmen and the 
people of New Hampshire. His death 
closely followed that of another ex- 
governor of the State — John B. Smith 
of Hillsboro. 

HON. EDMUND SULLIVAN 

Born and reared in Lancaster, 
educated in its schools, familiar with 
its people and institutions, commenc- 
ing there the practice of his profession, 
and being withal a typical representa- 
tive of the sturdy and vigorous Irish- 
American element which has contrib- 
uted so largely to the growth and 
prosperity of this and most other 
flourishing New England towns, Ed- 
mund Sullivan, now a lawyer of 
Berlin and chairman of the New 
Hampshire Board of License Com- 
missioners, was appropriately assigned 
a place upon the speaking programme 
at the anniversary celebration and 
well acquitted himself in that position. 

Mr. Sullivan was born April 19, 
1865, the son of Florence and Marga- 
ret Sullivan, who emigrated to New 
Hampshire from the South of Ireland 
in 1847, and, ultimately settling in 
Lancaster, loyally identified them- 
selves with the interests of the town. 
He was educated in the public schools 
and at Lancaster Academy and, after 
completing his studies in the latter 
institution, entered upon the course 
of study in the Law Department of 
the University of Michigan, at Ann 
Arbor, graduating LL.B. in June. 
1890, and being admitted to the 
Michigan bar the same year. After 
a short period of practice there, feeling 
that New Hampshire was a good state 
to return to, as well as to be born in, 
Mr. Sullivan came back to his native 
town, was admitted to the New 
Hampshire bar, established an office 
and commenced practice in 1892. His 



ability was soon recognized by his 
associates and the general public, and 
in the following year he formed a 
partnership with the late Hon. \Y. II. 
Shurtleff, which continued for several 
years. 

Naturally ambitious and aggressive, 
he finally sought a more active field 
for the exercise of his abilities, and 
his attention was attracted to the 
hustling town of Berlin, then in the 
full flush of that wonderful process of 
development, which has placed it in 
the front rank among the rapidly 
growing cities of New England. Re- 
moving there in 1901, he soon entered 
into partnership with Daniel J. Daley, 
now mayor of that city, also a native 
of Lancaster and a representative 
Irish American, who had located there 
back in 1SS4, when the place was a 
mere straggling village. Both part- 
ners were wide awake, both profes- 
sionally and politically, and, both 
being earnest Democrats, their efforts 
have been rewarded not only by a full 
measure of professional success, but 
by a decided change in the political 
status of the city, which from being 
overwhelming!}' Republican has come 
to be substantially Democratic. 

Although an active and decided 
Democrat, Mr. Sullivan has never 
been an office seeker, and such public - 
positions as he has held have come to 
him without solicitation on his part. 
He has been one of the auditors of 
Coos County since 1898. He also 
served for some time as a member of 
the Berlin Police Commission, but 
resigned therefrom when his strict 
ideas of administration were found 
out of harmony with the prevailing 
tendency. He was a delegate in the 
Constitutional Convention of 1912, 
from Berlin, and his wide knowledge 
of law and general familiarity with 
the needs of the State rendered him 
a valuable member of that important 
body. When the death of the late 
Judge John M. Mitchell left a vacancy 
on the bench of the Superior Court. 
Mr. Sullivan was widely mentioned 
as a fit man to fill the position, and of 



3*3 



HON. EDMUND SULLIVAN 
Chairman N. H. Board of Licertse.Commis.sioners 



I- 

%;■■ :■:;:,:•■ 



I 



m 

ii 
I 



304 



The Granite Monthly 



his qualifications there was never 
ground for doubt, whatever might 
have been his action had the appoint- 
ment been given him. Upon the re- 
organization of the State License 
Commission, with a multiplicity of 
candidates for appointment thereon, 
Governor Felker wisely looked for a 
man to be chairman of the board 
whose character, ability and strict 
sense of duty, should be ample guar- 
anty of strict regard for the law and 
the public welfare. He finally named 
Mr. Sullivan for that position, and 



In 1S94 he married Miss Mary F. 
Kenyon of Boston, Mass., to which 
union there have been born a son and 
daughter — Harold and Miriam — each 
of whom is now pursuing a college 
course. 

HON. WILLIAM S. LADD 

Lancaster has had one judge of the 
Supreme Court, William Spencer 
Ladd, who was born in Dalton in 1830, 
graduated at Dartmouth College in 
1855, and settled in Lancaster in 18G7.. 
While he was on the bench, from 1S70 




Hon. William S. Ladd 



that he made no mistake is evidenced 
by the fact that men of the opposing 
party frankly admit that the law was 
never before so Avell enforced or the 
affairs of the office so well adminis- 
tered. 

Naturally Mr. Sullivan is a Cath- 
olic in his religious affiliation, and in 
his fraternal society membership he 
early allied himself with the Knights 
of Columbus, and also with the Elks, 
of both which orders he had ever been 
a staunch and active supporter, bear- 
ing his full share of the burdens, but 
seeking none of the honor. 



to 1876, he delivered opinions which 
attracted attention in this country 
and in England and markedly in- 
fluenced the common law of New 
Hampshire. In 1876 he again opened 
a law office in Lancaster, and enjoyed 
a large practice throughout the State. 
Dartmouth College conferred on him 
the degree of LL.D. in 1887. He died 
in 1891. 

Mrs. Mira Ladd, his wife, who is 
still living in Lancaster, was the 
daughter of Hiram A. Fletcher, one 
of Lancaster's well-known lawyers 
in his time. Her great-great-grand- 



Lancaster 



305 



father was Jonas Wilder, ami her 
great -grandfather, Richard Claire 
Everett. Judge Ladd's eldest son, 
Fletcher Ladd, graduated at Dart- 
mouth College in 18S4 and, after 
studying law in Germany and at the 
Harvard Law School, practiced for a 
time in Lancaster. In 1900 he was 
appointed by President Taft judge of 
the Supreme Court of the Philippines 
which position he held until a few 
months before his death in 1903. 
Another son William Palmer Ladd 
is now professor of Church history in 
the Berkeley Divinity School, Middle- 
town, Conn. 



When seventeen years of age Mr. 
Powell went to Boston. For many 
years he was connected with the 
Boston Post. Later, he started an 
advertising agency with Horace Dodd 
as partner. In 1S70 they dissolved 
partnership, and Mr. Powell wont to 
New York and opened an office in 
the Times Building. Printing House 
Square. The following is a quotation 
from the New England Magazine 
commenting upon an article on Swit- 
zerland published after Mr. Powell's 
death and at the suggestion of the 
Rev. Edward Everett Hale, one of 
Mr. Powell's friends: 



r 



I 



/ .,<•■' 



IJ&kiJ& k*^ ..,._■_-.___ 



George P. Rowell 



GEORGE P. POWELL 
George Presburv Rowell was born 
in West Concord,' Vt., in 1838. ^ He 
was the only son of Samuel and Caro- 
line (Page) Rowell. When twelve 
years of age his father came to Lan- 
caster, and ever after this was the 
home he loved to remember." All his 
life he was more or less identified 
with its interests, and there was sel- 
dom ayear that lie did not spend some 
time among the dearly loved hills. 



"It was with the deepest interest that we 
learned that the interesting articles on Swit- 
zerland, of which we are this month publish- 
ing the third and last instalment, were from 
the p^n of the late Georgre Presbury Rowell, 
founder of Printers 1 Ink, Roweil's "American 
Xewspaper Directory," and no to the time of 
of his o>ath one of the foremost advertising 
men in the country. ,; 

In 1906 he published " Forty Years 
an Advertising Agent," a book of 
fifty-two papers which made their 
first appearance in the pages of 
Printers' Ink, where they were read 



306 



The Granite Monthly 



with such deep interest as to create a 
demand for them in a mure per- 
manent form. 

"The book i^ the ripe experience of a 
cultured gentleman, who had become an 

expert in an important field." 

"Mr. Rowell honored and dismified his 



subject because h( 
the work which h< 

Mr. Rowell 

first to Miss 
Lancaster, by 
daughter who 



was 



misi 



if 



an h 



10 nor to 



had chosen. 

was twice married; 

Sarah Eastman of 

whom he had one 

survives him. Later 

he married Jennctte Rigney Hallock 

of New York. 



fci^i *.£ 






George II. Emerson ' 

He was a member in New York of 
the Union League Club, the Grolier 
Club, was a Patron of the Metropol- 
itan Museum of Art, and a member 
of the Charity Organization Society. 

For many years he was the owner 
of Prospect Farm, near the village of 
Lancaster, N. H. Here he remod- 
elled an old farm house into an at- 
tractive summer home, which, with the 
unsurpassed view of the White -Moun- 
tain and Franconia ranges, the fine 
sweep of lawn, the old-fashioned 
garden, made one of the delightful 
summer attractions of Lancaster. 
This was a dearly loved summer home, 



only rivalled in his heart by Prospect 
Lodge on Christine Lake, where the 
Percy Summer Club, of which he was 
a member, continues to gather each 
year. 

This motto from Horace, which Mr. 
Powell placed in his camp, voiced his 
sentiments: 

"In all the world no spot there is 
That, wears for me a smile like this," 

Mr. Rowell died August 28, 190S. 

George H.Emerson 
Born in 1844, died 1898. He 
founded the Lancaster Gazette in 1872, 
and afterward was Register of Pro- 
bate for Coos County eight years. 
He was secretary and treasurer of the 
New Hampshire Agricultural Asso- 
ciation for many years. He was a 
clerk in the Treasury Department at 
Washington and an intimate friend 
of the late H. W. Denison, who was 
at the same time in the Custom De- 
partment. 

GEN. WILLIAM P. BUCKLEY 

An active and popular member of 
the legal fraternity in Lancaster for 
a number of years, and associated in 
partnership with Messrs. Drew and 
Jordan, was William P. Buckley, a 
native of Littleton, born February 22, 
1865. He graduated from Dart- 
mouth College in the class of 1887, 
with Phi Beta Kappa rank, and 
was also a member of the Sphinx 
Society. He studied law with Bing- 
ham, Mitchell & Batchellor of Little- 
ton, and soon after his admission to 
the bar removed to Lancaster, where 
he entered into the partnership above 
mentioned. He served as judge 
advocate general upon the staff of 
Governor Jordan, 1901-03, and was 
a member of the House of Represen- 
tatives, from Lancaster, in 1903, 
serving on the Committee on the 
Judiciary and Liquor Laws. He was 
the author of the bill, enacted during 
that session, modifying the law in 
relation to the penalty for murder in 
the first degree, leaving the infliction 



:">' , 



GEN. WILLIAM P. BUCKLEY 



308 



The Granite Monthly 



of capital punishment in the discretion 
of the jury, in which piece of progres- 
sive legislation he took special pride. 
His sudden death, which occurred 
January 10, 1906, was deeply mourned 
by his legal associates and a large 
circle of friends. 

General Buckley married Elizabeth 
F. Drew of Dover, a popular teacher, 
who survives him, with a son and 
daughter. 



and the State Normal School at Ran- 
dolph, Vt.j graduating from the latter 
institution in January, 1885. He 
taught for a number of years in the 
towns of Vershire, Newbury and 
Concord. Vt., and the high schools at 
Wells River, Vt., and Woodsville, 
X. H. He also taught in a summer 
school for the instruction of teachers 
at Wells River, two seasons, and for 
four years was Count v Examiner of 



' 



. 



George F. Morris 



GEORGE F. MORRIS 
George Franklin Morris, of the law 
firm of Drew, ShurtlefY, Morris & 
Oakes, was born in Vershire, Vermont, 
April 13, I860, the son of Josiah S. 
and Lucina C. (Merrill) Morris, and 
the grandson of William M. and 
Esther P. (SouthWortK) Morris. He 
was educated in the common schools 
in Corinth, Vt., Corinth Academy, 



teachers for Orange County, Vt. 
During vacation periods he studied 
law with the firm of Smith & Sloane 
at Wells River and was admitted to 
the bar at Montpelier, Vt., in October, 
1891. Subsequently he was admitted 
to the bar in New Hampshire, and 
at once began the practice of his 
chosen profession at Lisbon, where 
he icmained until March 19, 1906, 



La n caste, 



309 



when he became a member of the 
law firm of Drew, Jordan, Shurtleff 
& Morris at Lancaster, where he has 
since resided. He represented the 
town of Lisbon in the Constitutional 
Convention of 1902 and in the legis- 
lature of 1905. He was a member of 
the Constitutional Convention from 
Lancaster in 1912. For four years, 
from 1S99 to 1903, Mr. Morris was 



ERI C. OAKES 

The junior member of Lancaster's 
leading law firm — Eri C. Oakes — is 
a native of the town of Lisbon, born 
July 12, 18S3. He was educated in 
the Lisbon public schools and at the 
Xew York University Law School, 
and was admitted to the bar in Decem- 
ber, 1904. He practiced his profes- 
sion in Lisbon and Littleton, but 





- 




1 


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. 


Li. ..;.: 


■ . ,„' '_ -,.-'..:.,,.--. '. . -.. 



Eri C. Oakes 



Count}- Solicitor for Grafton County. 
He has always been deeply interested 
in schools, and served several years on 
the board of education in Lisbon, and 
for the past six years has served in 
the same capacity in Lancaster. 

May 16, 1894, he married Lula J. 
Aldrich, of Lisbon, daughter of Charles 
and Persis (Hail) Aldrich. They 
have one son, Robert Hall Morris, 
born August 21, 1907. 



removed to Lancaster in 1912, be- 
coming a member of the firm of Drew, 
Shurtleff, Morris k Oakes. That he 
will do his full part in maintaining the 
reputation of this great firm is already 
manifest. 

Mr. Oakes held various town offices 
in Lisbon, and was a delegate from 
that town in the. Constitutional Con- 
vention of 1912. He is a memberjrf 
the Masonic order. . 



-* / ih 




GEORGE VAN DYKE 



Lancaster 



■311 



GEORGE VAN DYKE 

Holding first rank among the so- 
called "lumber kings" of the "north 
country, " and for several years before 
his death, a resident of Lancaster, 
there were few more prominent figures 
in the community than George Van 
Dyke, born in Stanbridge, P. Q., the 
son of George and Abigail (Dixon) 
Van Dyke, both citizens of the United 
States. His school privileges were 
\evy limited, but he possessed the 
physical and intellectual strength 
which pushed him into the broadest 
and most active field of business life. 
At the age of fourteen he commenced 
work in the lumber forests on the 
Androscoggin River. By his intelli- 
gence and force of character he made 
himself so valuable to Adams Twitched 
that he was advanced in his work, 
materially, the first winter. He fully 
believed in the ultimate increased 
value of spruce timber. lie bought 
some timberland with his first money, 
and was a persistent purchaser of 
timber lands thereafter. In the early 
seventies he became a manufacturer 
of spruce, which he continued until 
his decease August 8. 1909. 

He owned about 80,000 acres of 
timber land in 1886. He cut logs and 
manufactured them at Mclndoes 
Falls, Vermont. He managed the 
Connecticut River Lumber Company 
two years, at the same time running 
his own business. Then the Connec- 
ticut River Lumber Company bought 
all of Mr. Van Dyke's timber lands 
and mills and he took a substantial 
interest in the Company and became 
General Manager, in which he con- 
tinued until 1897. Then Air. Van 
Dyke bought all the property in 
timber lands, mills and personal 
property owned by the Connecticut 
River Lumber Company and all of 
the property of the Connecticut 
River Manufacturing Company. He 
then organized the Connecticut Val- 
ley Lumber Company, which took 
title to all the property so purchased. 
Air. Van Dyke owned nearly all the 
stock in this company. His mill was 



at Mount Tom, Mass. He cut from 
forty to eighty million feet per year 
and manufactured it at the Mount 
Tom mill. The company owned 
about 300,000 acres of land when Mr. 
Van Dyke died. He also owned 
several thousand acres in his own 
right. 

He was largely interested in every- 
thing of importance affecting the 
business interests of the community. 
He was very prominent in the con- 
struction of the Upper Coos Railroad, 
and the Hereford Railroad, and was 
the chief factor in establishing 
the Colebrook National Rank and 
the Colebrook Savings Rank. He 
was president of the Colebrook Na- 
tional Bank and of the Upper Coos 
Railroad until his decease. He main- 
tained business relations with nearly 
every man in the northern section of 
New Hampshire and northeastern 
Vermont. He was wise in judgment 
and brave in action, and took a broad 
view of all questions of business and 
moral interests. He was always 
read}' to aid those who needed assist- 
ance was faithful in his friendships, 
and sturdy in his defense of his 
friends and the principles of his faith. 
He was a Democrat until the ''sixteen 
to one' 7 and other ideas, which he 
regarded as dangerous fallacies were 
adopted by the Democratic Party in 
1890. From that time till his death 
he was actively a Republican. 

He was killed at Turners Falls, 
August 8, 1909, when his automobile 
carried him over the bluff. 

THE UNITY CLUB 

The leading woman's organiza- 
tion in Lancaster, one ranking with 
the most efficient of its class in the 
state, and which came into special 
prominence in connection with the 
recent anniversary, is the Unity Club, 
which was organized March 28, 1904, 
and federated in May, 1908. There 
were twenty-eight charter members, 
and the membership has steadily 
increased until now there are one 
hundred and sixteen active members, 



312 



The Granite Monthly 



one as 
bers. 
The 



•ociatcj 
purpos 



md five honorary mem- 
e of the club is to pro- 








.; 


;.. . - 


" " — 3 


'■'"" . --' ( 


1 



Mrs. Mary L. P. Bass 

President Unity Club 

mote the intellectual, physical and 
social well-being of its members and 
of the community. One of its first 
activities was to inaugurate an "Old 
Home Day''' celebration, and for sev- 
eral years the town has raised a sum 
of money which it has turned over to 
the club to defray the expenses of an 
annual observance of Old Home Day. 
The club has also established the 
custom of sending baskets of fruit and 
flowers to the "Shut-ins" of the town 
at Easter. Last year a successful and 
satisfactory lecture course was man- 
aged by the club. An annual 
clean-up day, and a municipal Christ- 
mas tree are also club affairs. Lec- 
tures, Shakespeare afternoons, chil- 
dren's days, musicales and guest 
nights are annual events welcomed 
by many guests of the Club. 

From the first observance of Old 
Home Day grew the idea of a memo- 
rial to the founders of the town of 
Lancaster, and each year a sum of 



money has been set aside for a memo- 
rial fund, until this year, with the 
assistance of friends who have gener- 
ously aided in completing this fund, 
the club presented to the town, at 
the celebration of the one- hundred 
fiftieth anniversary of its settlement, 
a bronze fox (twice life size) on a 
granite boulder with a bronze tablet 
suitably inscribed to the founders. 
The bronze was the work of the cele- 
brated artist Miss Anna Hyatt of 
New York. 

r* Mrs. Ida W. Jordan, wife of Ex- 
Governor Jordan was the first presi- 
dent, followed by Mrs. Elizabeth D. 
Buckley, Mrs. Nellie B. Morse, Mrs. 
Emma W. Roberts, Mrs. Sallie G, 
Holton, Mrs. Lulu J. A. Morris, Mrs. 
Etta S. Carpenter, Mrs. Hat-tie W. L. 
Spaulding and Mrs. Mary L. P. Bass, 
who now fills the office. 

Mrs. 'George F. Morris 
Lula J. (Aldrich) Morris, wife of 
George F. Morris, was born in Lisbon, 



Mrs. George F. Morris 

N. H., August 4, 1872, and always 
resided in that town except for a 
year's absence in Creston, Iowa, until 



Lancaster 



313 



she removed to Lancaster. She grad- 
uated from the Lisbon High School 
in May, 1891. For six years follow- 
ing she worked as assistant postmis- 
tress in the Lisbon post-office. 

Mrs. Morris has always interested 
herself in the social life and events of 
the towns where she has resided, and 
is widely known among club women 
all over the state. She has served as 
as president of Friends in Council in 
Lisbon, and of the Unity Club in 
Lancaster, and is at the present time 
treasurer of the New Hampshire 
State Federation of Women's Clubs. 
She served as Worth}' Matron of 
Lafayette Chapter Xo. 17. O. E. S. 
in Lisbon and was subsequently, in 
1909, elected Grand Matron of the 
O. E. S. of New Hampshire. For 
seven years, from 1S99 to 1906, she- 
worked in the office of her husband, 
during- which time she made a study 
of law, and while she never applied for 
admission to the bar, her knowledge of 
law and familiarity with court pro- 
cedure made her a valuable helpmeet 
in her husband's office. 



Prmcipa 



PROF. WILLIS 0. SMITH 

Willis Orange Smith, the honored 
of Lancaster Academy, has 
just completed his fifteenth year of 
continous service as head of that in- 
stitution. He was born at Ypsilanti, 
Mich., but his parents soon after 
removed to Manchester, Vt-., where 
his boyhood days were 
early education acquired, 
ated with honor at St. 



spent and 
He gradu- 
Johnsbury 



Academy^ class of '87, and at Dart- 
mouth, class of '91. 

Principal Smith considers himself 
a loyal son of Xew Hampshire, for 
his life-work thus far has been spent 
in this State — seven years as Principal 
of the Winchester High School and 
fifteen in Lancaster, which is probably 
about the record length of service in 
the State. He has always been 
prominently active in the educational 
advancement of the State; has been 
president of the State Teacher's 



Assoeiation. member of the Educa- 
tional Council, and member of numer- 
ous committees for revising and pre- 
paring new curricula, which are 
now in use throughout the State. Un- 
der his direction Lancaster Academy 
has grown from a school of forty 
pupils and two teachers to a school of 
nearly one hundred and seventy-five 
pupils and a faculty of seven teachers. 
The school is approved by both the 
State and the New England College 



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Prof. Willis O. Smith 

Principal of Lancaster Academy 

Certification Boards, and has about 
fifty tuition pupils from the various 
towns surrounding Lancaster. The 
school has lately occupied a new $65,- 
000 building which is the pride of 
the North Country. Here splendid 
courses in Academic, English, Scienti- 
fic, Commercial and Domestic Arts 
are given and Mr. Smith hopes soon to 
be able to add an agricultural course 
to those already established. He is 
a member of the Congregational 
Church of Pawlet, Vt., and also holds 
various offices in the Masonic bodies 
of Lancaster. 



3/M 



- ■■ . ..._._ ... _-__., . . ■ ■ .,..- .-.__ 

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HON. JOHN T. AMEY 



Lancaster 



315 



HON. JOHX T. AMEY 
A citizen of Lancaster for nearly 
a quarter of a century, taking up his 
residence here in 1800. John T. Amey 
has been an active figure in the busi- 
ness life of the town and county for 
many years. Tie was horn in Pitts- 
burgh. X. EL, October 10. 1S5S, the 
second son of John T. Amey, a native 
of Randolph, Vfc, who settled in Pitts- 
burgh in early manhood and became 
a leading citizen of the town. He 
attended the common school and at 
the age of eighteen entered the em- 



has always taken a deep interest in 
public affairs. He was a representa- 
tive in the State Legislature in 1889; 
sheriff of Coos County from 1893 to 
1S95, and postmaster at Lancaster 
under the second administration of 
President Cleveland. He served effi- 
ciently as chairman of the Demo- 
cratic State Committee from 1893 to 
1903. When the law creating a State 
Board of Tax Commissioners was 
passed. Mr. Amey was appointed as 
the minority member, his intimate 
knowledge of the lumber country and 



1 ■".■■.. - 



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. ■■ . -\ . 



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Residence of Hon. John T. Amey 



ploy of the Hilliards, a prominent 
lumber firm, remaining three years, 
then going to Charles Weeks, another 
lumber operator, and subsequently to 
the Connecticut River Lumber Com- 
pany. He became an expert in tim- 
ber values, and for some years before 
the death of the late George Van 
Dyke he was the trusted agent of the 
latter, having personal charge of all 
his holdings and those of the Connec- 
ticut River Lumber Company, of 
which Mr. Van Dyke was president. 
A life-long Democrat, Air. Amey 



of lumber values being regarded a 
special qualification for service on the 
board. In March of last year he was 
reappointed for a six-year term. 

He is an active member of the 
Masonic order, belonging to North 
Star Lodge, Chapter and Command- 
ery, and to Mt. Sinai Temple of the 
Mystic Shrine, of Montpelier, Vt. 

Mr. Amey has been twice married: 
first to Miss Erneline Huggins of Pitts- 
burgh, who died, leaving a son and 
two daughters; and later, to Miss 
Elsie Dolioff, now also deceased. 



316 



The Granite Monthly 



all saints; church 

The first Catholic to settle in the 
town of Lancaster was Thomas Con- 
nary, who came from Ireland in 1S33. 
He was followed by his mother, one 
sister and three brothers, in 1837. 

The first Mass was celebrated by 
Father Drolet in the house of John 
Connarv, on the Jefferson road, in 
1844. Fathers Daley and O'Reilly 



afterward he bought land for a ceme- 
tery which was dedicated by Bishop 
Bacon on the occasion of his first pas- 
toral visit, in 1869. 

Father Noiseux was succeeded, in 
1876, by Rev. M. P. Dauner, who 
built the present church, Bishop 
Healey dedicating it the ensuing year. 
Rev. J. A, McKenna succeeded Father 
Dauner, in 1880. remaining but one 



Rev. D. Alexander Sullivan 
Pastor All Saints' Church 



followed in succession, saying Mass 
about once a year until the appoint- 
ment of Rev. John Brady to the 
charge of the Connecticut valley 
missions. 

.. In October, 1857. Rev. Isidore Nois- 
eux was sent by Bishop Bacon of 
Portland, Me., as the first resident 
pastor of Lancaster, and, two } r ears 
later, built a chapel in connection 
with the pastoral residence. Shortly 



year. In 1881, Rev. H. A. Lessard 
took charge of the parish. It was 
during the pastorate of Father Les- 
sard that the present pastoral resi- 
dence was built. Rev. M. A. B. 
Creamer replaced Father Lessard in 
1885, remaining until 1898. In 1890 
the pastoral residence was remodelled 
and in 1893 the church was enlarged 
and decorated. 

Rev. D. Alex. Sullivan, the present 



Lancaster 



31' 



rector, is, in point of service locally. 
the oldest clergyman in town. lie 
-ett led here in ISbS, succeeding Father 
Creamer, and Protestant and Catho- 
lic alike trust he ma}' remain many 
more years, not alone because of his 
pulpit oratory, but because of their 
appreciation of Father Sullivan as a 
man and of his helpful influence. He 
ministers to the largest congregation 
in town. 



of land, in all. three hundred acres of 
which is in grass and tillage, and the 
balance in forest and pasture. He is 
largely engaged in milk production, 
with thirty-eight cows in milk, and 
is sending fifteen dollars worth of 
milk per day to the Boston market. 
He raises 2,o00 bushels of grain, 1,500 
bushels of potatoes, and cuts three 
hundred and fifty tons of hay annu- 
ally. He has fifteen horses on the 



4 



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William M. Brown 



WILLIAM M. BROWN 

^ As has been said, Lancaster has 
always been regarded as a first-class 
agricultural town. It has many good 
farms and good farmers; but it may 
be safe to say that William M. Brown 
is reputed to own the best farm and 
to be the best farmer in Coos County, 
to say nothing of the rest of New 
Hampshire. 

. Mr. Brown has nine hundred acres 



place and does all his farm work with 
them except mowing away his hay and 
milking his cows, the last being done 
by means of a gasoline engine. His 
mowing machines have seven foot 
cutter bars: while improved manure- 
spreaders, hay-tedders, planting and 
sowing machines, and every conceiv- 
able device for up-to-date farm work 
fill his out-buildings, and all modern 
conveniences adorn his home. 



318 



The Granite Monthly 









Win. M. Brown Place 



Mr. Brown is a Republican in poli- 
tics and liberal in religion. He was 
one of the representatives from Lan- 
caster in the legislature of 1911-12. 
He is a native of the town of Cole- 
brook, and has two brothers — Rev. I. 
C. Brown, pastor of the Methodist 
Church in Franklin, and Dr. E. F. 
Brown of Grovel on. 






&HI 



FRANK \V 



>AULDING HOUSE 
In a quiet corner of one of Lancas- 
ter's pretty streets lives a descendant 
of one of the town's most famous 
settlers. The house, of Queen Anne 
style, standing back from tire road, is 



sheltered by a growth of firs, and 
surmounted by a tower from which a 
fine view of the mountains is obtained. 
The occupant is Frank W. Spaulding, 
a respected citizen, and the ancestor 
mentioned is none other than the 
celebrated Phebe Dustin, who made 
the famous journey of one hundred 
fifty miles, from Haverhill, Mass., to 
Lancaster, on foot and alone, with a 
young babe in her arms. 

This was in the spring of 1769. 
Phebe, who is described as a small, 
pretty woman with brown hair and 
hazel eyes, had a copper tea-kettle 
that her mother had brought from 
England. This she carried, with her 
baby Edward, on her long and arduous 
journey to meet her husband who had 
preceded her. Her only guide through 
the wilderness was the spotted trees. 
Near nightfall she came to Streeter's 
Pond which she must ford. She 
decided to wait until morning and 
spent the night in the woods. The 
baby's cradle was the twisted trunk 
of an old hemlock. The teakettle was 
placed, in a hole in the ground and 
covered carefully, that the Indians 
might not find it if they happened 
a 1 o n g . Another day's journey 
brought her, chilled and exhausted, 
to the few Iok houses that then com- 



Lancaster 



319 



prised the town of Lancaster. Her 
husband was indeed surprised to see 
her. lie had delayed going back to 
Haverhill that he might put up a rude 
log house, so Phebe found a home 
awaiting her. She lived to be nearly 
ninety and saw thrifty farms and com- 
fortable houses where the log huts had 
stood. Her husband was Daniel 
Spaulding and from their son, Ed- 
ward, Frank W. Spaulding. above 
named, is descended. 

William Cummings Spaulding 
Among the. older substantial citi- 
zens of the town of Lancaster is 
William Cummings Spaulding, a 



born June 7, 1867. He was educated 

in the Lancaster schools and at the 
Eastman Business College, Pough- 
keepsie, N. Y. After completing his 
studies he established a wholesale 
business in flour and grain in Lan- 
caster, which he long conducted with 
success. He served the town as a 
selectman, and as a member of the 
Board of Education, and was elected 
to the House of Representatives in 
the legislature of 1909, serving on the 
Committee on Appropriations. 

He was prominent in the Masonic 
order, a Methodist in religion and a 
Progressive in politics, and was 
strongly interested in ornithology. 



William Cummings Spaulding 

farmer bv occupation, who was born at 
East Lancaster, July 11, 183G. the son 
of William Dust in Spaulding and a 
descendant of the famous Hannah 
Dustin. He is a Unitarian in religious 
affiliation and has served the town as 
road agent and supervisor. 

Fred B. Spaulding 
Fred Benjamin Spaulding, son of 
^\ illiarn Cummings Spaulding, was 



Fred B. Spaulding 

He married, June 7, 1892, Hattie X. 
L. Conner of Lancaster. He died 
October 22, 1913. 

Dr. Ezra Mitchell 
Among the many able members of 
the medical profession who have prac- 
ticed in Lancaster, Dr. Ezra Mitchell 
was one of the most prominent. He 
was a native of Minot. Me., born 
November 12, 1841, a son of Ezra and 



320 



The Granite Monthly 



Mary (Ferry) Mitchell, and a de- 
scendant in the eighth generation of 
Experience Mitchell who settled in 
Plymouth. Mass., in 1628. 

He graduated from the Maine State 
Seminary (now Bate? College) in Lew- 



married Miss Abbie E. Potter in De- 
cember of that year, and located in 
practice in Lancaster, where he was 
eminently successful. Himself sub- 
ject to a pulmonary affection, he 
naturally took special interest in dis- 




Dr. Ezra Mitchell 



iston, and entered Harvard Medical 
School, but left on the breaking out of 
the Civil War and enlisted in the 
Eighth Maine Volunteers, but was 
soon appointed a medical cadet in the 
United States Army and served 
through the war. He graduated from 
Dartmouth Medical College in 1867, 



ease of the lungs, and was among the 
earliest and most active in prosecut- 
ing the campaign against tuberculosis 
in this State. He served in the State 
Legislature from Lancaster in 1903 
and 1905, and was the leading spirit 
in securing legislation for the estab- 
lishment of the State sanitarium. He 



Lancaster 



121 



was also chairman of the commission 
which located and built the same. 

Dr. Mitchell was an Episcopalian 
in religion and was junior warden of 
St. Paul's Church of Lancaster, and a 
member of the Masonic order. He 
belonged to the county, state and na- 
tional medical societies, was president 
of the Lancaster Savings Bank and 
vice-president of the Lancaster Trust 
Company. 

He died, April 2, 1909, leaving one 
son, Ernest H. 



the end of time was at hand. The 
frame was raised July 2G. All of the 
w r ork was done by hand, the boards 
were planed with hand tools, and the 
nails wrought on a blacksmith anvil. 
In 1810, Timothy Helton of Elling- 
ton, Conn., great-grandfather of the 
present owner, purchased the prop- 
erty of Artemas Wilder, son of Maj. 
Jonas Wilder, and passed it over to 
his son, Joseph and wife Mary (Fiske) 
Holt on, who reared a large family. 
The youngest son Horace Fisk Hol- 



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Hoi ton House 



THE HOLTON HOME 
It is rarely in this country that we 
find a place where the fifth generation 
of a family are living under the same 
roof that has sheltered their ancestors. 
Such, however, is the case at the 
homestead of Frederic!: Holt on, his 
two sons Horace and Lucius being 
the fifth generation of the Holton 
family to occupy the present house. 
The house was built by Maj. Jonas 
Wilder in 1780, and excavating for 
the cellar was begun on the noted 
dark day, May 19, when the darkness 
was ^o great that the men were com- 
pelled to quit work, thinking no doubt 



ton decided to cast his lot here and 
so passed the entire seventy-six years 
of his life in the home of his birth, 
honored and respected by all. 

The house is situated at the head 
of Main Street and is surrounded by 
stately elms, on account of which the 
name "Elmwood" is appropriate. It 
bears the distinction of being the 
oldest two-story house in Coos 
County. The first religious meetings 
in the town were held here; it was 
also the first tavern of the town. 

The first house built in town was 
erected on the plainlands, back of 
Elmwood, by David Page and Em- 



322 



The Granite Monthly 



mon? Stockweli. It was luiilt of logs, 
and remained for many years, as a 
link connecting the past and present. 
While the original site is clearly- 
marked, every vestige of the building 
has been removed. 

Mr. Helton, the owner of the prop- 
erty, is one of the Company and the 
active partner in the F. B. Spaulcling 
Company, dealers in flour and grain, 
a business established, and suecess- 
fully conducted for many years, by 
the late F. B. Spaulding. 

A cordial welcome and glad atten- 
tion to their friends are always assured 



now populous hill, having been built 
about ninety years ago. In 1SG1 it 
was occupied by Fielding Smith, the 
father of the present owner. At that 
time Mr. Smith's farm comprised the 
larger part of Baker Hill. In 1912 
the present occupant acquired the 
property, remodelling it into a modern 
dwelling. The original fireplace of 
generous dimensions, with its brick 
ovens, was preserved in the remodel- 
ling. Mr. Smith is an artist in con- 
struction and design, as is abundantly 
evidenced by his residence and other 
work in Lancaster. 



i ■ 



Residence of John H. Smith 



by Mr. Holton, as far as his busy life 
permits, and by his wife, who before 
her marriage was Sally K. Gibson, of 
Evansville, Ind., and who takes a 
prominent part in the social activities 
of the town. It is a pleasure to note 
that the family as a whole are united 
with a keen interest in all that per- 
tains to the farm and maintenance of 
the home of their ancestors in the 
Holton name. 

Residence of John H. Smith 

The residence of John H. Smith, on 

Baker Hill, enjoys the distinction of 

being one of Lancaster's oldest houses. 

It was the first house erected on the 



SMITH HOSPITAL 
The Smith Hospital, located on 
Main Street, is primarily a surgical 
hospital. It was built in 1913 by Dr. 
Llomer B. Smith and is maintained 
by him. Although it is a private 
institution, it is open to all physicians 
and their patients. 

The second floor of the building is 
devoted entirely to the care of 
patients. There is a waiting room in 
front, private and double rooms for 
patients, and a spacious solarium on 
the south side. In the rear are the 
operating and sterilizing rooms, and 
the clinical and pathological labora- 
tory. The first floor of the building 



Lancaster 



323 



. 



Smith Hospital 



contains the hospital office, waiting 
room, living apartments, the hospital 
kitchen, and, in the rear, the nurses' 
dormitory, dining-rooms, etc. The 
basement is devoted to the boiler 
room, an electrically equipped laun- 
dry, drying rooms, store-rooms, and 
shop. 

The equipment throughout is the 
most modern. The hospital is sur- 
rounded by spacious grounds and 
gardens. The hospital does not main- 
tain a training school, employing only 
graduate nurses. 

William L. Rowell 
William L. Rowell is a native of the 
town of Gotham, born October 31, 
1833. At the age of ten years he 
removed with his parents to Lancas- 
ter where he lived on a farm till 1849. 
He then went to work a.t the carpenter 
trade and followed the same until 
1855, after which, for many years, he 
was engaged in settling estates and 
other business. In 1905 he became 
collector for the law firm of Drew & 
Jordan. 

Mr. Howell is of Revolutionary 
ancestry. He enlisted as a private 
in Company A, 17th .N. II. Regiment, 



in the Civil War, and was immediately 
apoointed Sergeant. He is a member 
of Col. E. E. Cross Post, G. A. R., and 
also a member of the Masonic order 
and of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church of Lancaster. He is inter- 





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W. L. Rowell 
Sergeant Co. A., 17th N. H. V 



321 



The Granite Monthly 



ested in everything that promotes 
the welfare of the community, and 
had much to do with the work of 
bringing Centennial Park into its 
present beautiful condition. 

In 1856 Mr. Rowell married Martha 
A. L. Le Gro of Jefferson. His son, 
Amos Fremont, died in 1S63. An- 
other son, William L. Jr., resides in 
Boston, Mass., and a third, David 
Eugene, is Register of Deeds for the 
County of Coos, and lives in Lan- 
caster. 



Hon. William Burns, also a prominent 
Democratic lawyer, several times can- 
didate for Congress, and the son of 
Dr. Robert Burns of Plymouth, who 
was himself a member of Congress 
from 1S33 to 1837. In 1853, Mr. 
Burns sold the place to the late John 
H. Hopkinson, a successful farmer, 
influential citizen and leading Dem- 
ocrat of the town, who made it his 
home, and here the present owner, — 
Isaac W. Hopkinson, was born in 
1857. 



V '■'■ 



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The Hopkinson House 



THE HOPKINSON HOUSE 
One of the most notable houses in 
the village of Lancaster is the Hop- 
kinson House, so-called, although 
built by the late Hon. John S. Wells, 
a noted lawyer and former resident, 
whcsubsequently removed to Exeter, 
served from November, 1853, to July, 
1855, in the United States Senate, and 
was at one time the Democratic 
nominee for governor. 

The house, which is built of granite, 
cut from an immense boulder in Jeffer- 
son, with an inner wall of brick, with 
an air-space, making it warm in win- 
ter and cool in summer, was pur- 
chased from Mr. Wells by the late 



Although built more than three- 
quarters of a century ago, the interior 
of the house is a marvel of beauty 
and convenience. A winding stair- 
way rises from the spacious front hall, 
the standards of the baluster being 
alternately of iron. The interior of 
the house is panelled throughout, and, 
of course, at that day, planed entirely 
by hand. 

In front and adjacent to the house 
is a large and beautiful meadow, com- 
prising part of an eighty-acre farm, 
all under superior cultivation. 

Being the only stone house in the 
village, this residence has long com- 
manded the attention of visitors. 



Lancaster 



325 



THE STOCKWELL FARM 
One of the most beautiful towns in 
northern New Hampshire is Lancas- 
ter, and the Stockwell farm, the home 
of one of its first settlers, is among the 
most delightful places in the town. 
Situated about a mile and a half from 
the village proper, it contains some 
four hundred acres of the best farm 
and timber land in this region. From 
the broad piazza of the house one 
looks down a long avenue, bordered 
with elms, to the Pilot range, and a 



his daughter, Ruth, the first white 
woman to set foot in the new town- 
ship. She was only eighteen years 
old. On the journey the party 
camped several times among the 
Indians on the banks of the Connec- 
ticut. On one occasion Ruth, who is 
reported to have possessed a beautiful 
soprano voice, sang the first six 
verses of the 137th Psalm. Within a 
year after her arrival Ruth Page and 
Emmons Stockwell rode to AYalpole, 
and were married, there being no mag- 



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Stockwell Home. Built in 1786 



little farther to the right there is a 
fine view of the Presidential range. 

Returning from the siege of Quebec, 
Rogers' Rangers passed down the 
Connecticut River, and among this 
famous band were two men, David 
Page, Jr., and Emmons Stockwell. To 
David Page, Sr., in 1763, was given a 
grant covering the broad acres of 
meadowland known as Lancaster. 
Here the first Emmons Stockwell 
planted his home, and erected, some 
years after, the first frame house in the 
place. With David Page, Sr., came 



istrate in Lancaster. They proved 
themselves well mated. Mr. Stock- 
well was a man of iron constitution 
weighing two hundred and forty 
pounds. He was insensible to fear. 
His wife was an unfailing source of 
inspiration to all the people. She 
taught the children to read and write, 
and comforted the sick, and down- 
hearted. Her courage never failed. 
Often when her husband was away, 
she would have calls from the Indians, 
demanding food and a chance to warm 
themselves at her fire. Her treat- 



3U 




EMMONS D. STOCK.WELL 



Lancaster 



32: 



ment of them was always kind, but 
firm, showing no sign of fear. Mr. 
Stockwell carried 011 quite a trade with 
the Indian , accumulating a consid- 
erable stock of furs which he traded 
for supplies. His control of the 
savages was wonderful; the tap of his 
foot on the floor would quiet them 
in their most noisy moods. 

Mr. and Mrs. Stockwell raised a 
family of fifteen children, and when 
the eldest was twenty-one years old. 
there had been no death in the family. 
Their ninth child. Emmons, remained 
on the home farm; he married Elzada 
Bishop. They had four children. 
Their oldest son was one of the "' forty- 
niners, ''' rounding Cape Horn. The 
two daughters married well and left 
the home. 

Emmons Dwight Stockwell, whose 
portrait is herewith presented, re- 
mained on the old farm. Educated in 
the Lancaster schools, he became a 
public-spirited citizen and successful 
farmer. He died July IS, 1914. 

With his death the farm passed from 
the Stockwell name but not from the 
family. The present owner, Col. 
Charles H. Greenleaf of the Vcndome 
and Profile House, of Boston, spent 
many happy vacations on the farm. 
His grandmother was a sister of Ruth 
Page. During Mr. StoekweH's fail- 
ing years, Colonel Greenleaf was a 
source of great help and comfort to 
him. 



entered into partnership with A. S. 
Twitchell at Gorham. which partner- 



ship continued for four year 



For 



two years he practiced alone, when 
he was appointed clerk of courts for 
Coos County and removed to Lan- 
caster, where he ^till holds this posi- 
tion. It is forty years since his 
appointment, which makes him the 
longest in seiwice of any clerk in the 
State. 

He was captain of Company F, 




M. A. Hastings 



MOSES A. HASTINGS 
Moses A. Hastings was born in 
Bethel, Me... December 31, 1848. He 
remained in his native town where he 
received his education and fitted for 
college at the famous Gould's Acad- 
emy. Fie commenced reading law 
at the age of sixteen, in the office of 
the Hon. David Hammonds and con- 
tinued two and one half years, when 
he entered the Albany (N. Y.) Law 
School. He was admitted to the bar 
of Oxford County, Me., at the age of 
nineteen, and also to the Coos 
County bar of New Hampshire, and 



of the Third Regiment, New Hamp- 
shire National Guard; also eminent 
commander of the North Star Com- 
mandery and a member of the Board 
of Trustees of North Star Corporation. 
He is a member of Mt. Sinai Temple 
and E. A. Raymond Consistory. Mr. 
Hastings has served on the school 
board of his adopted town. In poli- 
tics he is a Democrat. 

Pie married, in 1884, Annie F., 
daughter of the late Rev. D. W. Poor 
of Philadelphia. He has one son, 
Warren, who is engaged in mining 
engineering. 



32S 



The Granite, Monthly 



LORING B. PORTER. 
Loring P>. Porter is one of the oldest 
residents of the town, whose home 



door with its mail and passengers on 
the way to Portland, while the horses 
were being shod. 

Those days are long* past hut his 
son still has in his possession the old 
sign and loves to recall the old days. 
though he did not take up his father's 
work but farms the land on the west- 
ern side of Main Street. 



CHARLES E. MOSES 
Lancaster's second selectman is 
Charles Ezra Moses, a native of Cole- 
brook, born March 26, 1845, who kept 
the Willard Hotel at North Stratford 
fourteen years, and was for some time 
engaged in farming in Lunenburg. 
Vt., before coming to Lancaster in 
1907, where he has been a dealer in 
cattle. He married Amanda Frizelie 
of Stewartstown in 1871. One son, 
F. Elmon, is superintendent of the 
Odell Paper Manufacturing Company, 
of Groveton; a daughter married 



Loring B. Porter 

stands on the site of the old home- 
stead where he was born. His old- 
fashioned garden is one of the at- 
tractions of beautiful Main Street. 
His father, Warren Porter, came 
to the town in 1809, at the age of 
seventeen, when Lancaster boasted of 
onl} r two painted houses and there 
were scarcely one hundred inhabi- 
tants, and became the village black- 
smith and maker of edged tools. His 
swinging sign of a broad axe in front 
of his shop was one of the familiar 
landmarks of the place. In those 
days a blacksmith must be a skilled 
worker in iron, so his two forges were 
kept busy making nails, axes, hoes, 
etc., for the country as far north as the 
Canadian line, and many a fireplace 
held andirons made by his hand, the 
old shop being a busy place with its 
two forges and apprentices who often 
worked far into the night. The old 
stage-coach would stop in front of the 



Charles E. Moses 



Fred Cleveland, a Lancaster mer- 
chant, and another son, Lester E., is 
manager of the Lancaster Garage. 



Lancaster 



329 



THE NELSON MERKOW PLACE 
One of the best farms in Lancaster 
is that now occupied by Nelson Mor- 
row, formerly owned bv the late Hon. 



;--. :■■'>- 



I ^~T* 



House of Nelson Merrow 

James W. Weeks. It lias about 
three hundred acres of land, producing 
one hundred twenty-five tons of hay 
which is fed on the place giving a 
product of S7 --worth of milk daily. 
Mr. Merrow married Laura Gaynor 
in 1905, and his brother Edward 
makes his home with them. They 



J& 



x^ 



Barn on Nelson Merrow Place 

have also five other brothers and a 
sister, all living, as is their father, who 
is now eighty years of age, and has 
been three times married. 



JAMES SPAULDING BRACKETT 

Born in Lancaster September 29, 
1827 and died here May 7, 1914. lie 
married Mary Emerson, December 
26, 1850. He was a member of the 
commission which surveyed the bound- 
ary between Maine and New Hamp- 



L_ 



J. S. Bracket t 

shire, 1858. On the 4th of July, 1876, 
he delivered an historical address on 
the town of Lancaster. He was a 
Democrat and Unitarian and was 
Past Commander of Col. E. E. Cross 
Post No. 16, G. A. R., and the oldest 
member of North Star Lodge No. 8, 
A. F. & A. M. 



Lancaster House 
The Lancaster House, E. W. Wig- 
gin, proprietor, ranks among the best 
public houses in the north country. 
It is open the year round, has fine 
rooms with first-class modern equip- 
ment; an attractive dining-room and 
superior table service. With broad 
piazzas and spacious lawns it is a 
popular resort of auto parties. A 
garage in connection with the house 
has a capacity for twenty cars. 



330 



The Granite Monthly 






■ 



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George W. Lane 















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Residence of George \Y. Lane 



Lancaster 



331 



GEORGE W. 
George William Lan 



jANE 

1 was born 



m 

Lunenburg, Vt., January 10, 1845, 
anddied in Lancaster, X. II., February 
16, 1910. He came to Lancaster in 
1S70 as a clerk for Kent and Spauld- 
ing. and a year later entered the 
Lancaster Savings Bank as a clerk, 
re-entering the clothing business the 
following year, in which he continued 
for over forty years. 

Mr. Lane was one of the most 
prominent business men in the State. 
and proved that there were "Acres of 
Diamonds" in his home town by con- 
ducting so successfully the clothing 
business that it took first rank among 
the best in New Hampshire. 

Mr. Lane was of a quiet and un- 
assuming nature, being distinctly a 
family man. Although ever willing 
to prove himself a good citizen and 
to accept gladly the obligations of 
citizenship, he was reluctant to accept 
public honors. He did, however, 
represent his town with credit in the 
General Court in 1897 and 1898. In 
financial matters his advice was much 
sought, and for many years before his 
death he was one of the directors of 
the Siwooganock Guaranty Savings 
Bank. 

In 1892 Mr. Lane erected the 
handsome and imposing residence 
"Fairmoimt" on Prospect Hill, one 
of the finest in the North Country — 
which is occupied by his widow. Nellie 
Margaret Lane. 

Mary E. Pinkham 
Prominent among the daughters of 
Lancaster who have done work, in 
one line or another, creditable alike 
to themselves and the town is Miss 
Mary Emmons Pinkham — a great- 
great grand-daughter of Emmons 
Stockwell, the pioneer settler, who 
for ten years has taught drawing and 
painting in the public schools of 
New York City, and has had under 
her supervision, on that subject, one 
hundred fifty teachers and six thou- 
sand pupils. Miss Pinkham was con- 




Mary E. Pinkham 

nected in New York with the 
of the New Jerusalem, of wh 
Julian K. Smyth is pastor. 



Church 
ich Rev. 



Ivan W. Quimby 

Ivan \V. Quimby, chairman of L 
aster's board of selectmen, is 



a,n- 



332 



The Granite Monthly 



native of Golebrook, born September 
5, 1855, He is a printer by trade. 
and came to Lancaster in 1873, where 
he has since remained. He published 
the Lancaster Gazette from 1876 to 
18S5. He is now engaged in the 
manufacture of brick as manager of 
the Lancaster Brick Company. He 
is a Fast Master of North Star Lodge, 



DR. WT H. THOMPSON 
Ever since denistry became an es- 
tablished profession in the country it 
has been well represented in Lan- 
caster. The late Dr. Ebcnezer G. 
Cummings, long the leader of the pro- 
fession in Concord — the first New 
Hampshire graduate of the Philadel- 
phia Dental College — commenced 



Dr. W. H. Thompson 



A. F. k A. M„ Past High Priest, 
North Star Chapter, PL A. M., and 
Past Commander, North Star Com- 
mandery K. T. He has been a mem- 
ber of the school board, five times 
chairman of the selectmen, and a 
deputy sheriff for Coos County for 
the last ten years. He married Nettie 
Denison in 1878. Their daughter, 
Margaret, is the wife of Frank L. 
Newhail of Concord. 



practice in Lancaster, and has been 
succeeded by many skillful practition- 
ers, of whom Dr. W. II. Thompson 
has long stood at the head. He has 
an extensive practice among the people 
of Lancaster and neighboring towns, 
the superiority of his work being recog- 
nized. Dr. Thompson is prominent 
in the Masonic Order and has just 
been admitted to the thirty-third or 
highest degree in the order at Chicago. 



Lancaster 



333 



Home of George A. Woods 



Home of George A. Woods 
The home of Mr. George A. Woods 
and his wife Lizzie S. ('Cross) Woods, 
located at "Grange.'' East Lancaster, 
was originally the homestead of Major 
Hemmenway, but has been occupied 
as at present since 1889. Mr. Woods 
is a blacksmith, and. as we have occa- 
sion to know, a large-hearted and 
public-spirited citizen. They were 
married January 8, 1894, and have 
two sons, Harold S. and Herbert A., 
who are expert machinists, employed 
at the Lancaster Garage. 

II. II. Sanderson 
Born in Sunderland, Mass., May 7, 
1849, graduated at Amherst College 
1876, married Miss Florence Carruth 
of Xorth Brookheld, Mass., April 5, 
1876. He was soon after a part 
owner of the New England Homestead. 
He was a Congregationalist, a Mason 
and a Republican, and for the last 
eight years, until his death, was asso- 
ciated with his son, Herbert Henry, 
Jr., in publishing the Lancaster Ga- 
zette. He died April 7, 1914. 




H. H. Sanderson 



334 



The Granite, Monthly 






Residence of F. H. Forbes 



Home of Frank H. Forbes 

This place, at East Lancaster, was 

formerly owned by William Lovejoy 

and was sold by him to Nelson Kent. 

Afterward it was sold to Edward 



Spaulding, win 
residence. Mr. 
on the railroad 
into the hands 
It adjoins the 
Spaulding and 



) built the present 
Spaulding was killed 
and the farm passed 
of Frank Spaulding. 
farm of Cummings 
is one of the early 
settled locations in town, beautiful 
for situation. It has about one 
hundred acres of land and is de- 
voted to hay, grain and dairying. 
Mr. Forbes came from Northumber- 
land and is a young man with {in in- 
teresting family. 

James E. McIntire 
Among the prosperous farmers of 
the town is James E. McIntire, who 
was a charter member of Mi, Pros- 
pect Grange, its first Treasurer and 
Master for five years; also a State 
Grange deputy, and for many years 
one of the most active working mem- 
bers of Northern New Hampshire 
Pomona Grange. He is also a mem- 
ber of the Masonic Order. He has 



i 



James E. McIntire 



served a number of years as a select- 
man, and for twenty-five years on the 
school board. He is unmarried. 



Lancaster 



335 









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- 


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■ ■ - ■■ 


* ' '. ' \ * i * , k« 




j 











Jones & Linscott Electric Plant 



The above cut shows the power 
tation of the Jones & Linscott Elec- 
ric Company. * In 1899 this water- 
lower was lying idle, the paper mill 
ormerly operated by this power 
taving burned several years previous. 
Tarry H. Jones and Fred S. Linscott 
oneeived the idea of purchasing this 
►roperty, repairing the dam, building 
. new flume, installing up-to-date 
rater wheels and building a suitable 
tructure for an electric light and 
>ower station. This was done during 
he season of 1S99 and 1900, and the 
>lant has been in continuous opera- 
ion since. In 1S98 the copartner- 
hip was changed to a stock company 
nth the following officers: H. II. 
ones, president; Fred S. Linscott, 
reasurer, and W. H. McCarten, 
Merrill Shurtleff and C. W. Sleeper, 
li rectors. 

As an illustration that an electric 
ight and power plant is an important 
actor in every up-to-date town, this 
)lant has for its patrons nearly all of 
he manufacturing concerns of the 
own. besides lighting the streets and 
nany of the stores, offices and dwell- 
ngs. The upper part of this build- 
ng is the home of the Jones Bevel 
3 oint Belt Hook. Mr. Jones, the 



president of the Jones & Linscott 
Electric Company, is also proprietor 
of this manufacturing plant. These 
belt hooks are handled by the leading 
mill supply and hardware houses of 
the United States and many of them 
are exported. 



David Parks 



!36 



The Granite Monthly 



David Parks 

There are artists in various lines, 
some of whose work is of an enduring 
character. Lancaster lias an artist 
in granolithic work in the person of 
David Parks, and the sidewalks of 
its beautiful village are indeed his 
enduring monument. Long after he 
has passed away, they will remain to 
testify to the value of his conscien- 
tious labor. 



r 






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Bert J. Howe 



The present Master of Mount Pros- 
pect Grange,, No. 242, who is serving 
his second year in that office, is Bert 
J. Howe, who has a two hundred 
forty acre farm and a large herd of 



Holstein cattle. He is a director of 
the Xew Hampshire Grange Insur- 
ance Company and a member of the 
town school board. 





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•-:,-..., .,.■■■ ■■.,, - 



John Savage 



^a 



John Savage 
The Republican member of the 
legislature of 1918, from Lancaster, 
was John Savage, a native of the 
town, born May 16, 1858. He was 
educated in the town schools, is a 
farmer, and has served three years 
as a selectman. He is a Congrega- 
tionalist, Knight of Pythias, and 
Patron of Husbandry; married, and 
has two children. 



THE SCARLET SALVIA 

By Harry B. Metcalf 

The Summer, loth to take her leave 

Without some token tender, 
Lest millions who've made merry may 

Regard the future drear, 
Calls forth from fruitful Mother Earth 

The brightest she can render, 
And leaves the Scarlet Salvia 

As emblem of good cheer. 



33->, 



A SUBURBAN SUMMER RESORT 

By Edward J. ParsJdcy 



There are many manifestations of 
the American revolt against the city. 
To begin with, city life in its essence 
is not confined to the largest centers 
of population. There are hundreds 
of municipalities in the United States 
where the people are as much city 
dwellers as those who claim their 
voting residences in New York, Phil- 
adelphia, Chicago, St. Louis or Boston. 
These smaller cities, ranging in pop- 
ulation from 10,000 to 50,000, are as 
compactly built, many o( them, as 
New York itself and they give their 
people pretty much the same urban 
conveniences that the citizens of the 
big towns enjoy. It seems absurd to 
the New Yorker, perhaps, to call a 
village with 10,000 people a city, but 
many of these places are cities in the 
essential meaning of the word and the 
man who never strayed beyond their 
borders would have no more knowl- 
edge of the real country than one who 
lived all his life on Manhattan Island. 

The advantage enjoyed by the man 
in the small city is that it is very much 
easier for him to get into the country 
and he may, on an income so much 
smaller as not to be compared, have 
a comfortable and well equipped 
town house and an attractive country 
home, with the latter so near at 
hand that he can attend to his busi- 
ness every day and sleep ever}' night 
in his rural domicile. The result of 
all this is that there are growing up all 
over the country what might be called 
suburban summer resorts, tributary 
to and not far removed from the 
smaller cities. 

One such resort is on the Contoo- 
cook Kiver, in New Hampshire, de- 
veloped very largely by the people of 
Concord, the state capital. Concord 
is a typical example of the sort of 
small city I have attempted to de- 
scribe. It has a population of only 
about 22,000, but it is a city in ap- 



pearance and in fact, while in summer, 
as tie records of the weather bureau 
will prove, Broadway was never more 
mercilessly beaten upon by the sun 
than Main Street, Concord. 

The ConCordian is more fortunately 
situated than the New Yorker, how- 
ever, for he can. jump into his auto- 
mobile, onto an electric car or a steam 
train and escape the city in a very 
few moments, It is not necessary 
for him to repair to the banks of the 
Contoocook Kiver but much more 
often than not he does. 

As for the Contoocook itself, it is a 
beautiful stream. It flows through a 
wooded country and in many places 
the trees, big ones, too, grow close 
to the water's edge. Back a few 
miles are the hills, gradually elevating 
themselves as they recede northward, 
until the}' become the lofty peaks of 
New Hampshire's famous White 
Mountains. > Every mile or so, there 
are breaks in the forest and the river 
is bordered by green fields, sloping 
gently backward and rising at last to 
the tops of low hills, crowned by pros- 
perous looking farm houses. The 
banks are high in most places and 
furnish ideal sites for summer camp 
locations. 

The Contoocook was always there, 
of course, but Concord was unneces- 
sarily long in discovering it. At last, 
someone conceived the idea of a coun- 
try home of his own, where his family 
could enjoy rural life in summer and 
where he could go every night after 
the work of the da}' in town was fin- 
ished. Accordingly, he built the first 
cottage on the banks of the Contoo- 
cook. Others, in course of time, fol- 
lowed his example and though the 
growth of the colony was slow at first 
it was accelerated as the years went 
by, until the river banks for miles 
are dotted with cottages and bunga- 
lows. 



388 



The Gray lite Monthly 



There could be no better course for 
canoes and motor boats than is 
afforded by the Contooeook and water 
sports are the chief diversions of the 
summer colonists. For several sea- 
sons now, a water carnival has been 
an annual event, the cottagers being 
aided in meeting the expense of this 
by the electric railroad company 
which a few years ago laid out a rustic 
park in a grove on the river bank. 



Carnivals and amusement parks, 
though, have had little influence on 
the building of the simple country 
homes of the people of Concord (re- 
enforced from year to year by a grow- 
ing number of folks from a greater 
distance). These came into being be- 
cause of that desire in one way or 
another to get back to the fields and 
woods which in later times has been 
so marked all over the count r v. 



THE END OF SUMMER- 

By Coletta Ryan 

Sweet Summer chanted her faint farewell 
One day when the world was still; 

While in woodland vale, where the fairies dwell, 
'Neath 'the shadow of the hill. 

Young Autumn sat with his busy brush 

Transforming each green leaf. 
In the crimson depths of the twilight hush 

That voiced the maiden's grief. 

"Farewell, " she cried, in a monotone 

To the artist in his chair. 
When lo! he started and cried: "My own, 

My best beloved fair — 

''Thou shalt not leave me, thou lovely one, 

I cannot thee resist." 
"Alas*"" she whispered, "my task is done/ 7 

And melted into the mist. 

And oft when a soft spell covers all, 

And a warm light fills the sk} , 
'Tis the soul of Summer that seeks the Fall, 

Saving her last good bye. 



August 28, 191 



3-3 i 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



UOX. JOHN B. SMITH 

Hon. John Butter Smith, ex-governor of 
New Hampshire, an extended sketch of 
whose career was published in the Granite 
Monthly for July, 1911, died at his home 
in Hillsborough after a rear's illness, August 
10, 1914. 

Governor Smith was born at Saxton's 
River, Yt., April 12. 1S3S, son of Animi and 
Lydia (Butler) Smith. In 1847 the family 
removed to Hillsborough, where John B. 
at '.ended school. He was also a student for 
some time at Francestown Academy. 

After engaging in other business for a time, 
he established a knitgoods factory in Wash- 
ington, X. H., but in 1S65 removed to Hills- 
borough and engaged in the manufacture of 
hosiery. His establishment developed in 
time into the famous Contoocook Mills, 
whose product became favorably known all 
over the country and who.-:e business was 
most extensive and profitable. In 1911 
Governor Smith retired from manufactur- 
ing to attend to extensive financial interests 
outside. 

He was a life-long Republican. He was a 
member of the Executive Council during the 
administration of Gov. Charles H. Sawyer, 
and governor of New Hampshire from Jan- 
uary, 1893 to 1895. 

He was an active member and large bene- 
factor of the Congregational Church of Hills- 
borough, now known as the "'Smith Memorial 
Church." 

He married, in 1S83, Miss Emma Lavender 
of Boston, who survives him, with two sons- 
Archibald Lavender, and Xorman. 

JOHN X. MeCLIXTOCK 
John X". McClintock, for many years a 
resident of Concord, and editor and publisher 
of the Granite Monthly from 1880 till 1891, 
died at his home in Dorchester, Mass. Au- 
gust 13, 1914. 

Mr. McClintock was the son of Capt. John 
and Mary B. (Shaw) McClintock, born at 
East Winthrop. Me., May, 12- 1846, the family 
removing to Hallowell two years later. His 
father was a sea captain and followed that 
occupation for more -than half a century. 
When John X. was ten years of age, with his 
mother, he accompanied his father c>n a voy- 
age to Liverpool and London in the ship 
Dashau-ay, built for Capt. McClintock. He 
was educated in the public schools, the old 
Hallowell Academy and Bowdoin College, 
graduating from the latter in 1867, ranking 
high in English and Mathematics. Later 
he received the degree of A . M., from Bowdoin. 
After his graduation he received an appoint- 
ment in the United States Coast Survey and 
for eight years was engaged in geodetic and 
topographical surveys from Maine to Texas 



and on Lake Champlairi. Upon leaving the 

Coast Survey he made his home in Concord, 
and engaged in general surveying until 1892 
when he removed to Dorchester, Mass., where 
he was extensively engagod in surveying and 
laying out land. During this time he asso- 
ciated himself with Amasa S. Glover of 
Brockton, who had taken out ;: patent for the 
treatment of sewage by what was later known 
as the "septic" treatment. On the death of 
Mr. Glover, Mr. McClintock became the 
owner of the Glover patent, and his thorough 
study of the whole subject gave him sufficient 
information to improve on the old patent. 
He spent many years of Ins life in an effort to 



.. 



<?—< 






ml 






John N. Mc Clin cock 

establish these patents, and in trying them 
out in the different courts he became one of 
the best posted engineers in the country on 
the question of sewage treatment. 

During his residence in Concord, as has 
been stated, he also edited and published the 
Granite Monthly,, and also established the 
Bay State Magazine, in Boston, which he con- 
ducted for some time. He was also the author 
of a History of Xew Hampshire published in 
a large octavo volume. 

Mr. McClintock married Miss Josephine 
Tilton of Concord, X. II., by whom he is sur- 
vived. He also leaves a son, John Tilton 
McClintock, a Boston architect, and a daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Robert B. Bellamy, born Arabella 
Chandler McCintock, and a grand-daughter 



340 a 



The Granite Monthly 



Josephine McCIintock Bellamy. Fie also 
leaves two brothers and a sister: William E. 
MeCHntock of Chelsea, Mass. and J. V. Mc- 
Clmtoek of Rochester, X. Y.. both well 
known civil engineers, and Mary Elizabeth 
McCIintock of Readfield, Me. 

Mr. McCIintock was a devoted husband, 
a kind father and a loyal friend. His home 
was more than anything else to him. and those 
who ever enjoyed its hospitality never tired 
of coming under its influence again and often. 

PROF. FRANKLIN W. HOOPER 
Franklin W. Hooper, for twenty-five 
years director of the Brooklyn, X. Y., 
institute of Arts and Sciences, died at his 
summer home in the town " of Walpole, 
August 1, 1914. 

Professor Hooper was born in "Whipple, 
February 11, 1851, the son of William and 
Elvira Hooper. He was educated in the. 
public schools, Antioch College Preparatory 
School at Yellow Springs. O.. and Harvard 
College, from which he graduated in 1875. 
He pursued post-graduate studies for a year, 
and in l!S76 became the agent of the Smith- 
sonian Institution in an extended excursion 
around the coast of Florida. In the fall of 
that year he became principal of the Keene 
High School, continuing till 1880, when he 
resigned to become instructor of chemistry 
and geology in Adelphi Academy, Brooklyn, 
where he continued until he entered upon his 
life-work with the Institute of Arts and 
Sciences. 

Professor Hooper had a fine summer home 
in Walpole on the old farm which had been 
in the family for six generations. He leaves 
a wife, son and daughter. 

DR. JOHX GOODELL 
Dr. John Goodell, a well-known physician 
of Hillsborough, died at his home in the 
"Upper Village" in that town, September 
13, 1914. 



Doctor Goodell was a native of Hills- 
borough, born May IS, 1820. son. of George 
D. and Rebecca (Andrews) Goodell. He 
was educated at Kimball Union Academy, 
Meriden, Harvard Medical School and the 
New York College of Physicians and Surgeons. 
He married Miss Ellen Foster of Keene, who 
survives him, fifty-live years ago, when he 
commenced practice, and the fiftieth anni- 
versary of the two events was duly cele- 
brated in 1909, on the occasion of his eightieth 
birthday. 

Doctor Goodell had represented the town 
in the legislature and served many years on 
the board of health. He retired from practice 
a year ago. 

REY. MYROX P. DICKEY 
Rev. Myron Parsons Dickey, pastor of the 
Congregational Church at Kennebunk, Me., 
died there, August 30, 1914. 

Mr. Dickey was a native of Derry, X. II.. 
born February 1(5, 1S52, the son of David 
Woodburn and Sarah (Campbell) Dickey. 
He attended Pinkerton Academy in Derry 
and was graduated from Dartmouth College 
in the class of 1874. For a time he was 
principal of the High School in Hampstead, 
N. II . Deciding to enter the ministry, he 
went to Yale Theological Seminary and after 
graduating he took up his first pastorate, in 
1883, over the First Congregational Church 
at Ludlow Centre, Mass. He remained 
there ten years, then accepting a call to 
Milton, N. PL, where he was located fifteen 
years. In 190S he went to Kennebunk. 

While teaching school in Palmer, Mass., 
Air. Dickey met Miss Louise Shumw r ay, who 
became his wife. She died in 190S, soon 
after their removal to Kennebunk. He was 
married again to Miss Xellie Went worth of 
Milton, who survives him. He also leaves 
three children, Maurice W. Dickey of West 
Roxbury, Mass., Mrs. Arthur Thad Smith 
of Winchester, and Mark Shumway Dickey 
of Winchester. 



EDITOR AND PUBLISHER'S NOTES 



The primaries have now been held, the 
party conventions have met, adopted their 
platforms and elected their slate committees, 
and the political campaign in the state will 
soon be fully under way. Nevertheless, 
State issues will probably cut small figure 
in the discussion, or in the public mind. 
The paramount question naturally will be — 
Shall the national administration be endorsed 
or condemned? 

"Reminiscences of the Eulogy of Rufus 
Choate on Daniel Webster, delivered at 
Dartmouth College July 2f;, 1853, and dis- 
cissions more or less therewith connected, 



by Charles Caverno, A.M., LL.D.," is the 
title inscription of a tastily gotten up little 
volume, recently issued from the press of 
Sherman, French & Company of Boston, 
which should be of special interest to Dart- 
mouth men and to Xew Hampshire men gen- 
erally, because it is the product of a loyal 
son 'of Dartmouth and of Xew Hampshire, 
and relates to Dartmouth's two most emi- 
nent graduates, the subject being Xew Hamp- 
shire's most renowned son, and the eu- 
logist Dartmouth's most brilliant scholar 
and orator. Coth 12 mo. 51 pp. Price, 50 
cents. 



matmsmem^KHmasaums^^tmerams •wwss^2!ttBmmsmmm , miS5i!im®w mums ma , vmes zmmmms? us :■■■* .,-^-:v w i raw* 

». XLVX, Nos. U*-1S NQVTE3KBER~D3£CEMBi^?» EftiU K«r Series, Vol. IX, Nos. Ji-i; 






^*«%s? -r"--^^, a *<■*■-. *?=?■ vr fe^vw^S 



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A New Hi J re Magazine 

voted to History, Biography, Literature arid State Progress 



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CONTENTS FOR NOVEMBER-DECEMBER M- 



S The Claremont Anniversary. Historical Address ...» 341 grW 

E ; -. , By H. H. Metcalf. Illustrated. } t 's 

Doctor Hall Jackson il& 

! ' • > By Russell Leigh Jackson. flp* 

/ j New Hampshire Necrology . . . . . . . . 4 IS 

& 

rc§ Editor and Publisher's Notes . . ... ... 420 ^T) 

JPST 

Poems. & 

; C;^ By L. J. H. Frost and Moses Gage Shirley. (pi 

sued by The Granite Monthly Company 

HENRY H. METCALF, Editor and Manager 
KS: $1.00 per annum:, in stfffSffitsf; fi Pfle copies, U cents 

CONCORD. U. U., .314. 

Entered at the post office at Concord as second-class aia.il matter. 



Efatsaswa «*«« 



UBLE NUMBER PRICE, 25 CENT 






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The Granite Monthly 



Vox. XLVI, No*. 11-12 



NOVEMBER-DECEMBER, HU-i New Series, Vol. S, Nos. 11-1! 



THE CLAREMONT ANNIVERSARY 

New Hampshire's Largest Town Celebrates an Important 

Historic Event 



The one hundred and fiftieth anni- 
versary of the granting of the charter 
of the town of Claremont, by Pen- 
ning Wentworth, the Provincial Gov- 
ernor, in the name of King George III, 
occurred on Monday, October 26; 
191-1. Public attention had not been 
called to the then coming event, at 
the time of the annual town meeting 
in March previous, and, consequently, 
no appropriation had been made by 
the town to defray the expense of a 
proper celebration. Xote of the mat- 
ter having subsequently been taken. 
the town's wide-awake Board of 
Trade was moved to take action, and 
at a meeting. on. July 13, to consider the 
subject, promptly decided that steps 
should be token to insure such observ- 
ance of the event as would be credit- 
able to the town, and. although time 
for the organization and perfection of 
plans essential to success was limited, 
the work was entered upon in earnest. 

A Committee of ten was appointed 
to consider the matter, solicit sub- 
scriptions and arrange for the cele- 
bration. The Committee, alphabeti- 
cally arranged, was as follows: A. W. 
Belding, IP G. Eaton, F. P. May- 
nard, W. P. Nolin, H. W. Parker, E. 
A. Quimby, O. B. Rand, E. J. Ros- 
siter, W. H. Slay ton, J. D. Upham, 
This Committee met and organized 
by choosing Hosea W. Parker as chair- 
man, J. Duncan Upham, vice-chair- 
man; VY. II. Slay ton, secretary and 
H. T. Eaton, treasurer. 



Chairman Parker suggested that 
the Committee having charge of such 
a celebration as was contemplated 
should be broader and more general 
than a Committee of the Board of 
Trade merely, and it was arranged 
that a mass meeting of citizens be 
held at the Town Hall, Friday even- 
ing, August 28, at which meeting a 
new general committee was chosen to 
have the matter in charge, and special 
or sub-committees were subsequently 
named, the entire list being as fol- 
lows: 

General Committee — Hon. H. W. Parker, 
Chairman; J. Duncan Upham, Vice- 
Chairman: Mrs. Anna Barrett, Charles 
Rossiter, Win. P. Nolin, G. Herbert 
Bartlett, Thomas W. Fry, Harry T. 
Eaton, George \V. Paul. 

W. H. Slayton, Secretary. 

II. T. Eaton, Treasurer. 

SPEC! A L CO} I MITTEES 

Program — -J. D. Upham, Henry S. Richard- 
son, Charles B. Spofford. 

Music — Harrison Moors, Frank Joy, Mrs. 
M. M. Freeman. 

Parade— Adjt.-Gen. Herbert E. Tutherly, 
David Roys, Cornelius E. Bears. 

Decoration— -W. P. Xolin, H. T. Eaton. 

Entertainment — H. T. Eaton, Miss Mary 
Partridge. 

Historical Features — E. J. Rossiter, H. K. 
Lloyd, Mrs. T. W. Fry, Mrs. Ralph 
Kinirv, Mrs. W. H. Story, Mrs. Robert 
Upham, Miss Mary Partridge. 

Advertising— F. II. Foster, A. W. Belding, 
E. L. Elliott. 

Finance— O. B. Rand, Charles G. Adams, 
Mrs. Anna L. Barrett, T. W. Fry. 

Sunday Service — The local ministers with 
Rev. J. P. Garfield as chairman. 



* I 



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"..'.,:■ :..:.■> 



The Claremont Anniversary 



343 



Greene, Frances Horton, 
L. May Quiraby, Myra 

Mr. Wayne 

Mr. 
.Mr. 



Teachers — F. W. 

Ida Severance 

L. Briggs. 
Information— -K. G. Sherman 

Keyes, Mrs. Mary S. Ide. 
Electric Lighting — F. A. Fairbanks 

Berliner, Mr. Cabot, Mr. Currier 

Haynes, Mr. Allen. 

These committees got promptly 
into action, finding ready popular 
response, the .Finance Committee, 
which had in hand the important 
work of raising; by private contribu- 
tion the very considerable amount of 
money necessary to creditably carry 
out the enterprise, meeting: a most 
generous response to its appeals, and 
all others receiving corresponding en- 
couragement. 

When the arrangements were well 
under way. and the contemplated 
proceedings fairly outlined, the follow- 
ing tentative programme was issued. 
and ultimately carried out with such 
changes in detail as circumstances 
ren d ered ne c essar v . 



Hymn Response 

Choir 

Ant hern — ''King All Glorious" Barriby 

Mr. Hawkins Mr. Colby 

Choir and Orchestra 

Address 

Mr. Winston Churchill 
Hymn, Coronation — "All Hail the Power of 

Jesus' Name'' 
Benediction 

Rev. John A. Belford 

Note: The Congregation is especially requested to 
join in the singing of the hymns. 



1764-1914 

OFFICIAL PROGRAM OF THE 

CELEBRATION 

OF THE 

ONE HUNDRED FIFTIETH ANNIVERSARY OF THE 

INCORPORATION OF THE TOWN OF 

CLAREMOXT, X. H. 
October 25, 26. 27, 1914 



SUNDAY, OCTOBER. 25 

2.30 r. m. 

Service at Union Church, "West Claremont 

This Parish has had a continuous existence in Clare- 
mont since 1771 when it was founded as a Parish of the 
Church of England in the Celeries. 

3.00 p. m. 
Service at, the Roman Catholic Church, 
West Claremont. built 1823. 
' 7.00 p. m. 
Union Service in ihe Opera House, Program 
as follows : 
The Enchanted Hour Mention 

Orchestra 
Hymn — "O Worship the King" Lyons 

Invocation 

Rev. Frank M. Swaffield 
Hymn — "Faith of our Fathers'' 

St. Catherine 
Offering for Red Cross Work in Europe. 
Prayer 

Rev. J. P. Garfield 






Mrs. Sophia G. Marsh 
Oldest Woman in Town; Born in Grantham 
28, 1816 



March 



Band Coxcert 
Neyers' Second Regiment Band will render, through 
the courtesy of the Claremont Lodge of Elk?, a concert 
in the Park immediately following the service in the 
Op ra House, if the weather is suitable; if not, the con- 
cert will be given in the Opera House. 

MONDAY, OCTOBER 26 
9.30 a. m. 

Assembling of Participants in the Parade on 
Broad St. between Putnam and Chestnut Sts. 
10.30 A. M. 
Parade will move from Broad street over 
the following route: 

Countermarching around north end of Park, down 
Broad to Summer, through Summer to Mulberry, north 
to Sullivan St., on Sullivan to the Square, via Tremont 
and Broad to North St., 'vest to Elm St., south to Main 
St., easterly on Main St. to Pleasant St., south to 
Summer, through Summer to Broad, where the Parade 
will be reviewed by the Governor and Staff at the 
Reviewing Stand opposite the entrance to Pine £i. 



VM. 



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HOX. HOSEA W. PARKER 
President of the Day 



The Cl&remont, jknmmrmry 



!45 



The Parade will consist of the follow ins;: 

Pohee 

Marshals 

Claremont Band 

Governor and Staff 

Company M 1st Infantry 

Invited Guests 

Fifteen Historical Floats 

Orders and Societies with Bands 

Fire Department 

Individual and Manufacturers' Floats 
12.00 u. 

Reception by the Governor and Staff at 
Reviewing Stand on Broad St. 
12.15 p. m. 

Company M 1st Regiment N. H. National Guard 
v.iii pitch their camp on east side of Broad St. between 
Putnam St. and Bailey Ave., and prepare their midday 
meal, giving an exhibition of their field sendee outfit 
and equipment. 

2.00 p. m. Opera House 
Fifth Nocturne Lcyboch 

Orchestra 
Prayer 

Rev. Wm. E. Patterson 
Address 

Hox. Hosea W. Parker, 

President of the Day 

The Song of the Vikings Waning 

Chorus and Orchestra 
Address 

His Excellency, Samuel D. Felker, 
Governor of New Hampshire 

(a) Butterflies Mildenberg 

Ladies' Chorus 

(b) Gently Fall the Shadows 

Choir 
Historical Address 

Hox. Henry H. Metcalf, 
State Historian 



Singing of America by Choir and Audience 
Benediction 

Daniel C. Babcock, D. D. 

4.30 p. m. 
or immediately following the Historical Exer- 
cises, the Moving Picture Drama. "Victory" 
and "'The Sinking of the Maine*' will be put 
on in the Opera House. 

This will be repeated twice in the evening begim is ; 
at 7:,'^0. Admission is free to all through th-3 courtesy 
of J. Fap.kek Reed, a former Claremont citizen. 

7.30 p. m. 
Poultry Exhibition (in basement) and Corn, 
Potato and Apple Exhibition (in Town Hall) 

This will be held under the auspices of the Sullivan 
County Agricultural Association. 

TUESDAY. OCTOBER 27 

9.30 A. M. 

Parade of Float? by Merchants and Manu- 
facturers to follow the same line as the parade 
of the previous day. 

The Poultry Exhibition and Corn Show of 
the Sullivan County Agricultural Association 
will continue through Tuesday. 

A Special Exhibition of Maps, Prmts and other His- 
torical Objects will be on view at the Public Librae 
from 10 a. m. to 9 p. m. Monday, and 10 a. m. to 6 P. M. 
Tuesday. 

Details of Parade (Subject to change and 
correction) 



HISTORICAL FLOATS 
1750 Shugah Indians 
17G2 First Settler on horseback 
1*762 " " ox team 
1764 Granting of Charter 
1767 First Industry 
1771 Union Church 



Hosea W. Parker, LL. D., president of the day at Claremont's one hundred and fiftieth 
anniversary, is a native of Lempster, son of Benjamin and Olive (Nichols) Parker, born May 
30, 1833. Until eighteen years of age he worked on the farm, attending the district school 
winters. Subsequently he attended 'Tubbs Union Academy, Washington; Green Mountain 
Liberal Institute, So. Woodstock, Yt., and Tufts College; 'studied law with Hon. Edmund 
Burke of Newport, was admitted to the bar in 1859, and located in practice in Claremont in 
the following year, where he has since remained, having his office in the same building from 
the start to the present time. He has been a leader of the Sullivan bar for more than a gen- 
eration, and its president for several years past ; has been counsel for the town of Claremont 
for more than forty years, and has, undoubtedly, tried more cases than any other lawyer in 
his count y, and the only fault ever found with him in ids practice has been that his charges 
are too moderate. The Sullivan bar gave a banquet in his honor, at Hotel Moody, on the 
evening of his eightieth birthday anniversary, which was attended by the Governor and many 
other prominent lawyers and citizens. His interest and activities have by no means been eon- 
fined to his profession. He has been a leader in almost every movement for civic betterment, 
educational progress and material improvement in his town for the last fifty years. Politi- 
cally a^Democrat. lie has served his party repeatedly on the town and state committees,. presided 
in its State Convention, represented his native town in the Legislature in 1859 and 1860. and 
the old Third District in Congress from 1871 to 1875, rendering specially valuable service in 
his last term, when he was largely instrumental in defeating the extension of the patents held 
by the sewing machine monopoly. He has been prominent in Masonry, long serving as Emi- 
nent Commander of Sullivan Commandery, K. T. A Universalis! in religion, he has been 
for fifty-three years superintendent of the" Universalist Sunday School in Claremont, many 
years president of the Sunday School Convention, also of the State Convention, and twice 
elected president of the Universalist General Convention. He has long been a member, and 
for several years was president of the board of trustees of Tufts College, which institution fit- 
tingly conferred upon him the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws in 1913. He married. May 
30, 1861, Caroline Lovisa Souths- ate of Bridgewater, Vt., who died September 14, 1904. Their 
only child, Lizzie S., graduate of Stevens High School and Smith College (1888.) is the wife of 
Lee S. McCollester, D. D., Dean of Crane Theological School, Tufts College. 



316 



The Granite Monthly 



i . 

8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 



1770 The Revolution 
1800 Cook Tavern Goaeh 
1823 Roman Catholic Church 



1824 
1S35 



1S6S 



Reception to Gen. LaFayett< 
Paran Stevens' Road Wagon 
Old District School 
Modern Public School 
St. Mary's School 
Stevens High School 



ORGANIZATIONS 

Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
Order of Rebekahs 
Knights of Pythias 



Claremont Lodge No. 879. Benevolent Pro- 
tective Order of Elks 
United Slides Postal Clerks 
Claremont General Hospital 
Knights of Malta 
Camp Fire Girls 
Claremont Bird Club 
Loyal Order of Moose 
Claremont Fire Depart men I 
Monad nock Mills 
Claremont Gas Company 
Sullivan Machinery Company 
F. A. Billings (Float) 
S. H. .Maxwell (Float) 



Residence of Hon. II. W. Parker 



Grand Army of the Republic. Major Jurvis 

Post 
Spanish War Veterans, Camp F. J. Miller 
Sons of Veterans 
Women's Relief Corps 
Daughtf is of Veterans 
Women's Christian Temperance Union 
Claremont Grange No. 9 
Ancient Order of United Workmen 
Ancient Order of Hibernians 
La Societe St. Jean-Baptiste 
Societe L'Lnion Canadienne-Frangaise of 

Claremont, N. H. 
Canado Lodge No. 21 
Catholic Order of Foresters 
Garde Ghamplain de Cour Les Montagnards 
Villa Marcia 
Improved Order of Red Men 



As time passed and public interest 
increased at home no means were 
spared for arousing interest in the 
celebration among the people of 
surrounding towns, as well as 
in the minds of the sons and 
daughters and former residents of 
Claremont who have made their 
homes elsewhere. The local press 
persistently agitated the matter and 
a printed reminder was prepared to 
be included in all correspondence 
sent out from the town, reading as 
follows: 



The Clarem&nt Anniversary 



347 



1764 1011 

COME TO CLAREMQNT 

FOR THE ONE HUNDRED FIFTIETH 

ANNIVERSARY 

af the Incorporation of tiw Town. 

SUNDAY, October 25— RKUorocs Observance—* 
A union service at the opera house at 7 p. in., with 
address by Hon. Winston Churchill. Special chorus 
and orchestral music. 

MONDAY, October 26— Anniversary Day— 
Gr:;nd Civic and Historic:-.; parade at 10.30 a. m.; 
historical address by Hon. H. H. Me tea If of Concord, 
\sith musical program, a; the opera house at 2 p: m. 

TUESDAY, October 27 — Farmers' and Mer- 
chants' Day — Parade of Historical and Business Floats 
at 9.30 a. m. Sullivan County Corn and Poultry Show 
in town hall. 

All former residents are especially invited. 
Per order of ■» Executive Committee. 



and stormy weather might reasonably 
be feared, if not expected; but, for- 
tunately for the occasion, most favor- 
able weather conditions prevailed on 
Sunday and .Monday, and, although 
there was a cold wind and a slight 
snow flurry Tuesday morning, the 
programme for that day was success- 
fully carried out, as were those of the 
days previous. 

His Excellency Governor Samuel 
D, Felker, accompanied by Brig- 



Pieasant Street, Claremont 



Later the following formal invita- 
tion was sent out by the committee 
to former residents, and to man}' 
public officials and prominent citi- 
zens throughout the State: 

THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 
RE.sPECTKULLY INVITES YOUR PRESENCE AT 

CLAREMONT 

October 25. 20 and 27 

nineteen hundred fourteen 

to join in celebrating the 

OXE HUNDRED FIFTIETH 

ANNIVERSARY 

OF THE INCORPORATION OF THE TOWN 

As the time set for the celebration 
approached there was, naturally, no 
little anxiety among the people of the 
town, concerning the weather condi- 
tions which might prevail. The sea- 
son was so far advanced that severe 



adier-General Herbert E. Tutherly, 

Adjutant-General and Chief of Staff; 
Brigadier-General William Sullivan, 
Inspec t or- General ; Maj or Russell 
Wilkins, Acting Surgeon-General, and 
Captain George H. Morrill, First In- 
fantry, and ladies, arrived at the 
station on the regular train Sunday 
at G p. m. Accompanying the party 
also, were the State Historian, Insur- 
ance Commissioner Robert J. Merrill, 
and Mrs. Merrill. The train also 
brought Nevers' Second Regiment 
Band of Concord, engaged for the oc- 
casion by the Elks lodge of the town, 
which organization met the party at 
the station and escorted the same to 
Hotel Moody, with torches and 
red light accompaniment. Pleas- 



-y- 



yg. 




JAMES P. UPHAM 



Th e Cla re m o n I u 1 n n iverxa ry 



319 



ant Street, from t he railway to the 
Square, was brilliantly lighted. Fes- 
toons of colored lights illuminated the 
Square and the principal streets, and 
most business blocks, and many resi- 
dences, throughout the village were 
finely decorated for the occasion with 
flags and bunting. 



The union service at the Opera 
House Sunday evening was attended 
by a congregation which tested the 
capacity of this spacious and elegant 
assembly room, one of the largest and 
best in the state and a special credit 
to the town, and the, programme was 
duly carried out as advertised, all the 
local clergymen being present on the 
platform and the Rev, John P. Gar- 
field, pastor of the Congregational 
church, presiding. 

Excellent music was furnished for 
the occasion by a large chorus choir 
and an orchestra, under the direction 



Rev. P. M. Swaf field 

Pastor Baptist Church 



try, was born in Glaremont on October 7, 1S27. He was a descendant of John Upham who 
came to Boston from Bicton, Devonshire, England, in 1635. His father, George Baxter 
Upham, was graduated from Harvard College in 1789, came to Claremont from Brookfiel'd, 
Mass., in 1791, and became prominent at the New Hampshire bar. The subject of these lines 
was prepared for college at Kimball Union Academy, Meriden, X. H., and, entering Dartmouth 
College in '1546, was graduated with the class of 1S50. In 1851 he married Elizabeth Walker 
Rice, of South Berwick, Me. He then bought the country estate on the Connecticut river 
which still remains the home of his descendants. Too active to be satisfied with farming as- 
his sole occupation, Mr. Upham, in 1851 ; bought water power and a small machine shop in 
Claremont village and immediately set about enlarging it; he and his successors have been 
enlarging it ever since. The business was carried on under the style J. P. Upham & Co. In 
the early fifties John Tyler of Claremont, invented an improvement in turbine water wheels. 
The name turbine had been originally given, about 1S27, in France, to any water wheel which 
revolved on a vertical axis. This type of water motor had not been generally adopted until 
Mr. Tyler's invention was placed upon the market and pushed by the active business initia- 
tive of Mr. Upham, who was the sole manufacturer. It rapidly superseded the old overshot 
and undershot water wheels theretofore in general use. In 1807 the diamond drill for pro- 
specting for minerals, invented by Mr. Albert Ball, attracted the attention of Mr. Upham who 
promptly decided to manufacture it. The Sullivan Machinery Company was then, in 1808, 
organized as the successor of J. P. Upham A: Co. Mr. Upham became its president, which 
ofiice he continued to hold for more than twenty years. This company has grown to be one of 
the largest manufactories of mining and rock-cutting machinery in the world. There are but 
one or two others in its class. It is well known by miners, mining engineers and contractors 
the world over. You can walk into its offices and order its machinery in Barcelona, .Spain, in 
Hong Kong, Shanghai and Tientsin, China, in Johannesburg, South Africa, in Melbourne and 
Kalgoprlie, Australia, in London, Paris, and St. Petersburg, at the Hague in Holland and Turin 
in Italy, in Singapore, Straits Settlements and Tokyo, Japan, These are but a few of the many 
offices of a great company which had its beginnings in the characteristic Xew England ten- 
dencies of a native of Claremont who wanted to see the wheels go round, and then more wheels, 
doing work in ways that had never been done before. Mr. Upham's business energies were not 
wholly confined to Claremont. In 18S4 he organized the Brandon Italian Marble Company 
and became its president, an ofiice which lie retained until his death. This company grew 
to be one of the large marble industries of Vermont. Mr. Upham was always a leader in public 
improvements in Claremont. He died in April, 1895. His tombstone bears the modest but 
most appropriate inscription, "A Public-spirited Citizen of Claremont." 






150 The Granite Monthly 

of Harrison R. Moors, assisted by 
- . - v - D. D. Ladd. 

The Invocation by Rev. Frank M. 
Swaffield of the Baptist Church was 
as follows: 

V 

Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty. We 
call upon Thy name at Die close of this Sab- 
bath Da}' praying that Thou wilt let Thy 
blessing fall upon us. We thank Thee for 
,/. this day of rest and rejoicing, and at this 

2.- „ I r meeting we pray that Thy Spirit may draw" 

4 < , ^ near unto us, that He may influence us into 

< ■•„ w pat lis of peace, into paths of righteousness, 

I y into paths of usefulness. With all our hearts, 

I ~ our Father, we thank Thee for this great 
I O occasion, and we 'pray that Thou wouldst 
J quicken our memory that we may think upon 
■ £* the things of the past, praying that Thy hand 
X may guide us in the coming days that in all 
5 we do, think, or say it may redound to Thy 
~ honor and glory. Through Jesus Christ we 
q a^k it, Amen. 



I! yr 

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. ■ 



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§ Following the hymn ''Faith of Our 

So Fathers," and an Offering for the 

5? benefit of Red Cross work in Europe, 

g Rev. Air. Garfield offered prayer, as 

2 follows: 

Prater by Rev. John P. Garfield 
Eternal Lord, God of our fathers, we ap- 

|j proaeh Thee with confidence because of the 

6 assurance that Thou art showing mercy unto 
thousands of them that love Thee and keep 

et Thy commandments. . 

z We thank Thee, for the "Faith of our 

Fathers" and that Thou didst guide them 
through all these generations and hast now 
brought us together to give Thee thanks and 
to pray for the continued presence of Thy 
spirit;. 

Yv'e bless Thee for these churches of Thine 

w and for the work they have done in all the 
years. We thank Thee for the faithfulness 
with which they met their trust, for the men 
who prayed and the men who fought for the 
freedom of worship and independence of gov- 
ernment which all alike are now suffered to 
enjoy. 

We thank Thee for the pioneers and their 
endurance as they went forth unto a strange 
." ■ land not knowing whither they were bound, 

for their loyalty to their religion and their 
church. We bless Thee for those whose sac- 



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Th e C la re h \ o nt A naive rm ry 



351 



rifice was great and whoso efforts united these 
Thy people in one growing nation. 

We thank Thee for these servants of Thine 
now proclaiming the one evangel of their com- 
mon Lord and we pray that we too may be true 
to our faith as our fathers were true to theirs. 

Now as we are gathered in this town meet- 
ing on the evening of the Lord's Day after 



We pray for .Thy blessing upon His Ex- 
cellency the Governor of tin's State and 
his staff and all associated with liirn in 
the exercise of power in our state. 
Give Thy exceeding strong support unto 
the men of God who are at the head 
of our nation, unto Thy servant the Pres- 
ident of the United States in this hour 



CHURCHES OF CLAREMONT 




Congn gational Church Trinity, Episcopal 

Old Union Church, West Claremont Episcopal 

Catholic Church Universalist Church Methodist Church Baptist Church 



the manner in which our fathers were wont to 
meet, we pray that our hearts and minds may 
be prepared for the message that is to be de- 
clared unto us. 

We glory in the new opportunity before us 
and we ask for courage and strength to meet 
it. Fill every heart with a due sense of all 
Thy mercies and renew within us the spirit 
tli at fitted our fathers for the accomplishment 
of great things. 



of great battles and the world's emer- 
gency. Give unto us peace in our time, 
O Lord. 

Bless this town, its churches, its prophets 
and its leaders. May every hand be set to 
its task and all hearts be joined in the common 
purpose, to make real the coming of the King- 
dom of God in our midst. 

We ask it in the name of Jesus Christ, our 
Lord, Amen. 



3S3 



„ ' i>, ■ • . . . ... . ,^ ■ 



HON. GEORGE H. STOWELL 



The Clare wont Anniversary 



Mr. Garfield. Introducing Mr. Churchill 
It is hafdly necessary for anyone to intro- 
duce our distmguished guest this evening. 
In planning this service it was necessary to 
have some one speak to us tonight who was 
identified with the life of our State and our 
town, and Mr. Churchill has very kindly con- 
sidered himself thus identified with our in- 
terests, a.s we have considered him identified 
with the life of our State. I do not need to 
introduce Mr. Churchill, but I have the honor 
of preset ling Mr. Churchill to you and of ex- 
pressing to him in advance your appreciation 
and your verv cordial welcome. 



Address by Mr. Winston Churchill 

In the eighth chapter of the Gospel, accord- 
ing to St. John, in the thirty-first and thirty- 
second verses, it is written thus: 

'"Then said Jesus to those Jews which be- 
lieved in him. If ye continue in my word, then 
are ye my disciples indeed; 

''And ye shall know the truth, and the truth 
shall make you free.'' 

It seems to me, my friends, that this is a 
meeting of a very great significance. As I 
have sat here tonight I have been wondering 
what those old pioneers who founded that 
first Union Church down in the wood, with 
their rifles on the racks beside them, would 



Rev. John P. Garfield 

Pastor Congregational Church 

have thought if they could have seen this 
service in Claremont tonight. 

It was a time of extraordinary dissension. 
In 1764 one of the greatest eras — one of the 
greatest revolutions in the history of the world 
was then brewing, a revolution in which man 



George H. StovvFll, a leader in the business life of Claremont for many years, was born 
in Cornish, October 28, 1S35, the fifth son and ninth child of Amasa and Betsey (Spaulding) 
Stowell. His early life was spent in farm labor, with such educational opportunities as the 
district school afforded. In 186©, he removed to Claremont where he has since resided. For 
the first four years he was engaged in the marble business, but in 1864, lie bought the hardware, 
stock of Levi B. Brown in the coiner store of the O. J. Brown block, and there carried on an 
extensive and constantly increasing wholesale and retail trade in hardware, iron and steel, 
continuing in the same site for thirty-seven years, until his retirement from this line of business, 
in 1901. In connection with his hardware business, he dealt extensively in coal for many years, 
having brought into town the first carload of anthracite used for domestic purposes. His 
establishment, known as ; 'StowelTs Corner,' has long been a landmark in the business section 
of the town. Mr. Stowell has been a leader in building enterprises in Claremont, both for 
business and tenement purposes. He organized the syndicate that erected the splendid 
Union block on the corner opposite his store after the fire of 1887, in which the People's National 
Bank is located, in the organisation of which he was instrumental and of which he is a director 
and. \ W -president :. He has also been one. of the principal owners of the Monadnock Mills, 
since the reorganization of the same in 1007, and has given much attention to this business 
as well as that of the bank since his retirement from trade. Mr. Stowell was a member of the 
legislature in 1S71 and 1872, a state senator in 1875 and 1876, and a member of the Executive 
Council 1S81-2. He was a member of the staff of Governor Preseott, served in the Consti- 
tutional Conventions of 1876 and 1889 and was a delegate in the Republican National Con- 
vention in 1884. He also served for twenty years as chief engineer of the Claremont Fire 
Department. He made an extensive tour of Europe, for health and pleasure in 1888. Decem- 
ber 25, 1857. Mr. Stowell married Sara E., daughter of Dexter and Eliza (Earle) Field of Chester 
Vt., a direct descendant of Sir John Field, the English astronomer. They had one daughter, 
Cora E., highly educated and accomplished, who married George I. Putnam, author and 
journalist, but died March 8, 1903. In 1912 Mr. Stowell presented his native town of Cornish 
with a handsome and substantial library building located at Cornish Fiat, 



3c4 



The Granite Monthly 



took a new step forward. And, curiously 
enough, when I was thinking over what I was 
going to say to you tonight (and J have 
dropped my work for four days in order to 
try to present something which would be 
worthy of this occasion) it occurred to me that 
1 would bring in, among other things, the very 
situation which was then brewing in the 
eighteenth century, at the time when that 
Union Church was founded, because it was 
an era of religious dissension and it is a tiling 
to do any man's heart good — make him thauk 
God — to see all the fellow-citizens of this 
town united in the service of Christ in this 
house tonight. 



We are beginning to perceive that good 
and bad are not the definite tilings they once 
were. Evil, in the individual and in society, 
is mixed with good. We are now coming to 
comprehend that men and women and even 
children, whom we should have formerly 
looked upon as sinners, are victims of what 
may be called the structure of society, for 
which no one individual is responsible, but 
for which we are all collectively responsible. 
The "sins'' of the capitalist and the sins of 
the local storekeeper differ only in degree, not 
in kind. And. a parallel to the sins of the 
working girl may be found in higher circles,. 
whose doings are recorded in the divorce 



V 



•ryt n ••- ■ 



Wt' 









Residence of Hon, George II. Srowell 



It is impossible not to see a great signifi- 
cance in this union service of the churches of 
Claremont. It seems to me to reflect the 
courageous, Christian spirit of the day. We 
have come here, not to look backward, but 
to look forward; to consider those things which 
will be helpful, not only to Claremont, but to 
the nation, in the days which are to come. 
It is an era of transition. It is a time of hope, 
and also a time of doubt. What is right? 
What is wrong? True or untrue? Is the world, 
according to the orthodox teaching, inerad- 
ically bad? Does it belong to Satan and 
all his works? The modern spirit cries out 
against this doctrine, and the man who feels 
religion stirring in his soul declares that it 
cannot, be of Christ. The greater our prob- 
lems, the higher our courage. 



columns. All are victims of a philosophy of 
life, called enlightened self interest — but 
which might better be called the survival of 
the sharpest — which we made the corner 
stone of our government. Its golden rule is 
"Do as you would be done by — but do it 
first." 

Two characteristics of the modern idea of 
sin are closed mindedness — which indeed 
Christ denounced with a vigor that rings 
today — a refusal to study conditions in the 
light of modern science, to look them in the 
face, and a refusal to work to better them. 

Every once in a while in the world's history 
the structure of society changes. Society 
adopts a new philosophy, And it is just as 
true that philosophy makes a society as that 
philosophy makes a man. But a philosophy 



The Claremont \ t nn in rsa ry 



Sryo 



which fits one period will not fit another. 
Conditions change. When Dante wrote Iris 
masterpiece in the Middle Ages, the world 
believed that God had given its temporal 
jurisdiction to the Emperor. The very 
thought of a Republic would have been heresy 
and sin. Now we no longer believe in the 
divine right of kings. One hundred years ago 
the nations of Europe were at war. Chaos 
ruled. Now we are able to see some meaning 
in all of that suffering and misery. We know 
that the world is not at the mercy of men 
with irrepressible ambition. The war of the 
nations one hundred years ago was followed 



That war of one hundred years ago was 
preceded by an era which gave birth to a new 
and radical philosophy which changed the 
structure of society, which sounded the death- 
kneil of the power of kings, and ushered in 
democracy. That philosophy was due to 
Rousseau and other men in France and 
England, and was called ''the rights of man.'' 
It was terribly upsetting. It declared that 
every man, no matter how humble, should 
have the right to life, liberty, property, and 
the pursuit of happiness, and also a voice in 
his government; that the government be- 
longed to the people, and not to kings. It 



4-. 




' 1 


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j 1 








u • 


s. \i*|j. i ^ 


- 


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"*■?] rr " 4 r J'l 






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v.. '•: :r i;;:kii-^'^^--<'~ 




SI|§I 



Hotel Moody 



by a period of liberal thought, of emancipa- 
tion; a period of expansion, education, and 
prosperity, such as Europe had never before 
seen. For many years before that war took 
place, idealists had longed for the abolition 
of the slave trade. Men said it was a dream. 
Yet it was actually accomplished at the Coun- 
cil of Peace which took place at Vienna at the 
end of the war. It is also a fact, not generally 
known, that at that conference an arrange- 
ment just failed of accomplishment by a few- 
votes- -an arrangement of the nations to put 
an end to war altogether, and punishing that 
nation which would insist upon a policy of ag- 
gression. The world was not yet ripe for this. 



was ridiculed and reviled by all the conserva- 
tives in Europe, and when we wrote it into 
our Declaration of Independence the world 
thought we had gone mad. It was a Utopian 
bubble which would burst in a few years. 
And what happened? France adopted it,, 
after untold bloodshed. England adopted it. 
That struggle was in reality the revolution 
of an hitherto despised and persecuted elass r 
the middle class,, the manufacturing class. It 
gave every man an opportunity to pursue his 
business unmolested by monarchs and aristoc- 
racies, and resulted in an increase of trade, 
of wealth, hitherto unthought of. Eventually 
it made the traders and manufacturers the 




t^^€/^^2_ 



Th e Cla rem o n ( A n n iversary 



357 



•ies of nations 
irs were fought 



errveci 

called 
Everv 



dominating class. The pc>3 
were altered to suit them. V. 
in their behalf. 

The economic doctrine which was 
from the philosophy of Rousseau wa 
that of :; enlightened self-interest.'' 
business man should be let alone by govern- 
ment to work out his own salvation. No 
interference with trade. It was argued that, 
in the long run, the interests of the whole 
nation would coincide with individual inter- 
ests. A theory of Adam Smith's. 

This economic philosophy worked beauti- 
fully/or a while. It suited the times. And 
it was peculiarly adapted to conditions in the 
United States. There was land, coal, copper. 
iron, oil and lumber from here to the Pacific. 
All it needed was development by individual 
initiative, unhampered by a meddling gov- 
ernment: There was room enough for all, 
and no man trod on his neighbor's toes. 

The world does not stand still. Xew con- 
ditions continually arise which were un- 
thought of a few years before. Xew compli- 
cations, new problems, new evils. Evolution 
proceeds, and suddenly we awake to the dis- 
covery that a system of society which worked 
a while ago, produces much misery and suffer- 
ing and injustice and discontent today. 
Those who have become the beneficiaries of 
the old system oppose any change. ' 



Rev. W. E. Patterson 

-Rector of Trinity Church 

It has been apparent, however, for several 
years to those who have eyes to see and ears 
to hear, that we have entered into another one 
of those periods which are the forerunners of 
a change in philosophy, and consequently in 



Daniel Webb Johnson, many years agent and manager 'of the Monadnock Mills, born 
in Sutton, N. H., October 16, 1827, died in Claremont, April 29, 1894. Mr. Johnson came to 
Claremont in 1845. when eighteen years of age, entering the cloth room of the Monadnock Mills, 
from which employment he was called, after a time, to the counting room, becoming, succes- 
sively, bookkeeper and paymaster, and the trusted assistant of the agent, Jonas Livingston. 
In February, 1858, he was made asent and manager of the Phoenix cotton mill at Peterbor- 
ough, in which the owners of the Monadnock Mills were interested, where he remained till 
1863, when, upon the resignation of Mr. Livingston, he returned to Claremont and succeeded 
him as agent of the Monadnock Mills, which position he held until his death. Under Mr. 
Johnson's management the business of these nails was vastly increased and extensive addi- 
tions and improvements were made to the plant, and in 1872 they engaged in the manufacture of 
the celebrated Marseilles quilts, there being but one other manufactory in the country engaged 
in their production, the business having since largely increased. Although thoroughly devoted 
to and interested in the manufacturing business, which at the time of his decease was the lead- 
ing industry of the town, Mr. Johnson's activities were not confined to this alone. He was 
president of the Sullivan Savings Institution from 1870 to 1893, and one of its loaning agents; 
a director of the Concord & Claremont Railroad from 18S2; president and director of the Clare- 
mont Water Works Company, and president of the board of trustees of the Fiske Free Library 
from the time of its organization, a meeting of which board he had attended the afternoon pre- 
vious to the attack of apoplexy which he suffered on Sunday, while attending service at the 
Union Church, West Claremont, and from which he died on the following evening. He was 
also a trustee of the State Industrial School at Manchester. A Democrat in politics and there- 
fore a member of the minority party, he was nevertheless elected to the Legislature in .1892, 
and had been his party's candidate for state senator in the Sullivan District. Mr. Johnson was 
twice married — first, March 4, 1849, to Syena P. Walker of Xorth Charlestown, who died Feb- 
ruary 5, 1873; second to Mary A., daughter of John Tyler, January 7, 1880, who survived 
hirn, with no children by either marriage. 



35S- 



The Granite Monthly 



■ ■ 



the structure of society. All the signs and 
portents are hero, and arc increasing even- 
day. How arc we to meet it? How is the 
Church of Christ going to meet it? Let us 
hope and believe with open-mindedness and 
with intelligence. One of -the highest duties 
of a religious man, of a religious body, is to 
Be open-minded and intelligent. 

And have things changed? In the first 
place, practically all the resources have been 
gobbled up. Unexpected results of "enlight- 
ened self-interest" have developed. Instead 
of the system working automatically for the 
benefit of all. those whose ''self-interest" has 
been mo^fc lightened have got the bulk of 
the property. Less than one-half of one per 
cent of our hundred millions of population 
have an income of three thousand dollars. 
Forty have an income of over a million. 
Capital ha? organized. Individual opportu- 
nity, for which our nation stands, has dwin- 
dled and dwindled. 

In the second place capital has become a 
tyrant, replacing the tyrant of monarchy. 
And it is well to point out that capital has 
become a tyrant not b} r any deliberate inten- 
tion, but as the inevitable working and result 
of a system. Capital, by organizing, could 
compel labor to do its bidding or starve. 
The labor market in England and this countrj' 
became in all respects very little different from 
a horse market. It exploited human beings, 
got a new supply, and threw the old supply 
away. Long daily contact with machines 
wore them out. Labor, with increasingly 
lower standards of life, was imported from 
Europe. The natural effect of this was the 
banding together of workingmen and women 
in labor unions. An element of strife thus 
arose in the nation, often with malevolence 
and ignorance on both sides. 

I am not talking now of right and wrong. 
I am merely pointing out that there is a con- 
flict. If any one will take the trouble to read 
the le-xt-books on this subject, used in our 
modern universities, he will see that, grant- 
ing the system, the conflict was foreordained. 
And not only does the conflict exist between 
capital and labor, but between the big capi- 
talist and the little capitalist, between the big 
business man and the little business man. 
Underselling a competitor in any one district 
is merely an illustration of the enlightened 
self-interest of trusts. 



The Clare mont Anniversary 



6o\ 



It was aot foreseen that, as a result of such 
a war, a larger and larger element of the 
population would suffer. According to the 
Christian religion; any act which causes suf- 
fering is a sin. But when these acts are part 
and parcel of the structure of society, sanc- 
tioned by the very philosophy of government, 
which is embedded m our common law, and 
are not essentially the acts of individuals, the 
question of right and wrong becomes com- 
plicated. When AJiab took Xaboth's vine- 
yard; the prophet might well denounce him. 
He was personally responsible. But when a 
modern Aliab, the trust, squeezes a modern 
Naboth, the little business man. the trust can 
point to the law and say that its act is the 



hours, when the human organism is worn out 
by this contact. The shoemaker, who made 
the shoes himself, could stand twelve and even 
fourteen hours a day without detriment. He 

took a personal pride in. his work, and ho was 
impressing his personality upon that work. 
But if the contact with a machine is for too 
long a period, the body and mind become 
exhausted. Healthy rest becomes impossible. 
A craving for excitement ensues, and since 
our civilization fails to provide healthy amuse- 
ments and often the leisure for them, the 
operative takes to drink, the working girl to 
the street and the dance hall and the back 
rooms of saloons. We raise our hands in 
horror at the result, but if we were open- 



Cla'remont Hospital arul Nurses' Korae 



logical consequence of the prevailing philos- 
ophy on which our government was founded, 
the rules of the game, the custom of the 
country. 

And who is to answer him? The Church? 

The introduction and improvement of ma- 
chinery, beginning at the end of the eighteenth 
century, has added another unforeseen com- 
plication to the working out of enlightened 
self-interest for the good of all. - The modern 
science of psychology, applied to the condi- 
tions of society, has revealed an interesting 
phenomenon in relation to this fact. The 
human organism can stand connection with 
a mechanism only for a certain numbei of 
hours without going to pieces. Statistics 
show that the gravest accidents happen at 
the end of the morning or of the afternoon 



minded and educated we should see more 
clearly the causes of them. 

Psychology and the new economics have 
thrown light on what is called the social evil. 
A girl works all day, let us suppose, in a de- 
partment store, standing on her feet. Let us 
take it for granted that she is paid enough to 
support the necessities of life, food and cloth- 
ing, and housing in a room in a lodging house. 
But here again we have the natural demand 
for a reasonable amount of leisure, the natural 
craving for a certain amount of amusement, 
which exist in all human beings. The street 
and the dance hall, the moving picture show, 
are her only resources. The Government pre- 
supposes that she can look out for herself. 
In seeking to satisfy perfectly natural crav- 
ings she gets into trouble, and as a result the 



2Jq„ 



• - * i 



DP. OSMON* B. WAY 



The Chiretnont Anniversary 



361 



good citizens of a community who have not 
entered into her problems or her life, arise in 
indignation and attempt to fling her out. 

As a result of the enlightened self-interest 
philosophy, which once worked so well, we 
have today slums, sweat shops, vile tene- 
ments and areas of vice, saloons and dance 
halls which are the breeding place of crime 
and disease! I need not dwell on the evils 
which have evolved. 

We can't say that the individual manu- 
facturer or department store owner is to 
blame. They have to compete, in wages, 
with other and perhaps more prosperous 
department store owners and manufacturers. 

It is nobody's fault in particular. One 
thing we do know — whatever else it is it is not 
Christianity. Christianity and self-interest 
are contradictory terms. 

Nov," we are never going to solve this 
tangle, my friends, looking it squarely in the 
face, without being open-minded about it. 
Is the Church going to help in the solution 
I behove so. But she is bewildered today, 
like mam- of the rest of us. She looks out 
on a society of conflicting interests, class 
arrayed against class, capital against labor, 
and what we might call the middle classes, 
wich an increasingly difficult struggle to get 
along, arrayed against both. Forever, in this 
race to live, there are panics and strikes 
and wars for the world's trade and 



Charles B. Spoffoid 

national aggrandizement grinding down the 
weak. 

But the force of society is stronger than 
that of the individual. He must go with the 
stream, even though it be sin to do so. To 
oppose it is to be crushed. 

The question arises today, what side 



Osmox Baker ."Way, M. D., a leading physician of Claremont for many years, was born 
n Lempster, March 22, 1840, son of Gordon and Abigail (Perley) Way. His parents removed 
to Claremont when he was four years of age. He was educated here, at Kimball Union Acad- 
emy, Meriden, and at Dartmouth Medical College, graduating from the latter w r ith the highest 
honors in 1S65, having largely paid his way by teaching while securing his education. He 
commenced practice at South Acworth, January 1, 1800, but removed to Claremont the fol- 
lowing year, where he continued through life, gaining the highest measure of professional suc- 
cess, and identifying himself most intimately with the important interests making for the wel- 
fare and progress of the community. He was for many years superintending; school committee 
for the town, and for twenty-six years a member of the Stevens High School Committee; was 
treasurer of the board of trustees having in charge the Paran Stevens and Helen R. Healey 
funds for the benefit of that school, and for more than thirty years a member of the board of 
trustees of the Fiske Free Library. In recognition of his- service in the cause of education the 
"Way School" was named in Irs honor. He had been a director of the People's National 
Bank since its organization, and was one of the trio of citizens who built and owned Union 
Block, the finest business structure in western Xew Hampshire. He was also for several terms 
president of the Claremont Board of Trade. He was a leading spirit in the M. E. Church of 
Claremont. was for more than thirty years president of the society and long chairman of the 
board of trustees. A lover of music, he was also for some years the church chorister. He was 
an examining surgeon for the United States Pension Bureau from 1873 to 1882, served several 
years on the consulting staff of the Claremont General Hospital and was a representative in 
the Legislature in 1871 and 1S72. December 24, 1867, Dr. Way married Martha L. Wight- 
man, who died December 25, 1868. February 22, 1882, he married Mary J. Wightman, a 
sister of his first wife, by whom he is survived. He had been in failing health for some time, 
and early in October last was removed to the sanitarium at Brattleboro, Vt., where he died, 
October 26, the day of the town's one hundred and fiftieth anniversary. 



;62 



The Cramtc Monthly 



shall the Church take in this many-sided 
conflict? Ji I have had one letter from min- 
isters discussing this subject, I have had two 
hundred. If the Church is supported by 
capitalists and business men labor keeps aloof. 
On the other hand, it you had a labor union 
church, capitalists and business men would 
keep aloof. But, according to the Christian 
religion, the souls oi the capitalists and 
business men are just as much worth saving 
as those of the laboring men. Now, if the 
Church says that she will have nothing to 
do with it all, that the structure of society, 
and the underlying philosophy which deter- 



wrongdoing. This is another question. But 
the Church finds herself in a strange predica- 
ment. She must do. I think, one of two 
things. She must take the position that- 
social conditions cannot improve, she must 
stick to the orthodox statement that the 
structure of the world is essentially evil, and 
confine her attention to individuals, exhort- 
ing them to renounce the world; or else she 
must interpret the words and spirit of her 
Master as meaning that human conditions 
can gradually improve, through human effort, 
human courage, human learning, human 
mastery over the laws of nature, and the all- 



■--. ' 






V 





7& M 








... ;>'"''' " 


■ 


. ■ i 



■■ 



Residence of Dr. Osmon B. Way 



mines that structure, is none of her business; 
that her doors are open to all conflicting par- 
ties, she forfeits any influence she might 
obtain. None respect her. She is tempo- 
rizing — something which her Master never 
did. 

Mind you, I have very little sympathy^ 
with those who interpret the Gospel as the 
sole expression of a political creed. But the 
Church cannot take the position that the 
great principles laid down by Jesus Clirist 
apply only to the sins of the individual, and 
not to the sins of society. And far be it from 
me to throw the whole blame on society, and 
to declare that there is no individual sin and 



pervading influence and driving power of the 
Holy Ghost. 

She must be open-minded, and I believe 
that she will be, that her desire is to be so. 

She is facing a world which, paradoxically 
enough, is filled with religious yearning; with 
the longing for religion and the desire to put 
that religion into practice; with pity and 
sympathy for misery and suffering. Opposed 
to this good will of the majority of the indi- 
vidual citizens is the crystallization of society, 
which compels them, in order to live, to 
oppose their finest ideals. The Church is 
facing a world of individuals who believe, at 
least the majority of them, and an increasing 



The Clare word Annivevsar 



>G3 



majority, in good things: in self-development, 
in science, in the uniformity of natural law, 
.and yet m the god-like in man,. and in man's 
ability to pull himself by will and courage 
out of his troubles. It is a world which 
refuses, and which refuses rightly, to take 
intellectual doctrines on faith: the mind and 
.soul must be convinced, must acquiesce, 
before the will shall act. She is facing a 
world, my friends, which is willing and ready 
to believe in Christ, in his Godship, but which 
demands a new interpretation of His sayings 
in terms of modern learning, of modern science 
and philosophy. 

There are many bewildered ones who, like 
Paul, are ready to cry today, "Lord, what 
wouldst Thou have me to, do?" 

And tha answer comes, "Love thy neighbor 
as thyself, but love and respect thyself 
equally with him. Serve thy neighbor, and 
cherish him." 

And we reply, "Lord, how can I do these 
things? A little, yes, in my personal relat ion- 
ships, outside of my business. But if I take 
thy words literally, I shall starve, and my 
children shall starve. Thy religion, applied 
to society, is not practical. " 

Is the brotherhood of man nothing to work 
for? "Blessed are you when men shall per- 
secute and revile you for my sake." Does 
not true development and life come in that 
way, and in that way only? "O ye of little 
faith, to doubt that that which I gave my 
life to reveal is practical! to doubt that your 
task is to apply it to society as well as to per- 
sons!" 

"Then said Jr-sus to those Jews which 
believed on him, If ye continue in my word, 
then are ye my disciples indeed; 

"And ye shall know the truth,and the truth 
shall make you free. " John S: 31, 32. 

Does he not bid us to open our minds? to 
use our faith in him, and the light which is 
in us, which we have gained during the 
centuries, to solve this problem? 

The question, my friends, comes down to 
this: Can the precepts of Jesus Christ be 
made into a practical philosophy of society? 
■ Economics is a practical study. It is sup- 
posed to have very little of the sentimental 
about it. I have no doubt that there arc 
Diany persons in this audience who are more 
■ov less acquainted with the new economics 
now begin ning to be taught in all of our fore- 



most universities. This economics is of 
Christ, because it lays its emphasis not on 
dollars and cents, but on the conservation of 
human life. It shows how impractical and 
wasteful a tiling it is, especially in this age, 
to exploit human beings, men and women 
and children, like cattle, and throw them on 
the dump heap. They and their children 
then become the helpless who must be sup- 
ported by society, or the demons who prey 
upon society. 

The new economics lays stress on the value 
of self restraint in communities and nations 
as well as in individuals. According to the 




Allen R. Hood 

Com. Maj. of Jarvi3 Post, G. A. R. 

old economics, liquor is wealth. According 
to the uqw economics liquor is called "filth." 
It is a poison. Statistics show the appalling 
amount of crime and disease for which it is 
responsible. I don't know whether any of 
you saw what I saw the other day in one of our 
weekly magazines, but it was an open letter 
from a liquor manufacturer to a Keeley Cure 
man, offering to sell to the Keeley Cure man 
his list of customers in lots of ten or twenty- 
five or fifty thousand; and his argument was 
this: That cm- customers are your prospec- 
tive patients! What do you think of that 
for an example of the enlightened self-interest 



'67. 



HON. J. DUNCAN" UPHAM 



The Claremont Anniversary 



365 



phi!< 



Th< 



proves-— 



and mind you, proves practically — that it is 
infinitely more uneconomical to a nation to 
destroy the lives and souls of so many citi- 
zens than to permit certain liquor dealers 
to get rich, and so add to what lias falsely 
been called prosperity. But, according to the 
logic of the old philosophy, government had 
no right to interfere with the liquor dealer, 
no matter how much harm and suffering he 
might cause. He was pursuing " enlightened 
self-interest. " 

A vital change has come about in men's 
minds in the very conception of government. 
Instead of a loose collection of citizens, each 
bent upon pursuing his happiness and indi- 
vidual opportunity, it is coming to be re- 
garded as a brotherhood of citizens, an organ- 
ism, of which every citizen is a member. 
This is the new philosophy — differing from 
that of Rousseau. And is it not Christian? 

The welfare of citizens! What is welfare? 
I will leave it to any one in this audience if 
any man or woman is happy who live to them- 
selves alone — selfishly? If clothes and com- 
fort will satisfy the yearnings and desires of 
life? The object of man's life is spiritual, 
and has been since the stone age. Adequate 
clothing and food and rest, yes, and amuse- 
ment and property and privacy are all neces- 
sary, but they fail to satisfy any one with a 
spark of the Godlike left in them. 

And what is the real object of life? Is it 
not spiritual welfare, derived from the knowl- 



_ 



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E. L. Elliott 
Editor of the Claremont Advocate 

edge that we are useful? that we are doing a 
useful service for mankind, and therefore — 
somehow — for God? And that — we have 
come to see, is precisely the object of 
government. Plato saw it many hundred 
years ago. 

But we cannot have spiritual welfare unless 
we have material comfort as a foundation. 



Jamtss Duncan Upham, Chairman of the Programme Committee for the anniversary cele- 
bration, and a leading business man of Claremont for many years, is a native of the town, born 
November 7, 1853, a son of James P. and Elizabeth Walker (Rice) Upham. His mother was 
a daughter of Capt. Samuel Rice of South Berwick, Me., formerly of Portsmouth, N. H., and 
his father a son of Hon. George Baxter Upham, lawyer and congressman. He received his 
preparatory education in the Claremont schools, and Kimball Union Academy. Meriden, where 
he graduated in 1870. Ho entered Dartmouth College in the following autumn, but trans- 
ferred to Cornell University in the freshman year, and graduated B.S., from the latter institu- 
tion in 1874. He then entered the employ of the Sullivan Machine Company at Claremont as 
clerk and paymaster and was thus engaged until chosen treasurer and manager of the Brandon 
Italian Marble Company, in the summer of 1SSG when he removed to Brandon, Vt., where 
he remained five years, returning to Claremont in the summer of 1891 to assume the position of 
treasurer of the Sullivan Machine Company (how Sullivan Machinery Company), and has 
since remained, as the active manager of the most important industrial enterprise in the town 
and county. Fo r many years past Mr. Upham has been a director and the president of the 
Claremont National Bank. He is an active member of the Claremont Board of Trade, of 
which he has been a director, vice-president and president. Since October. 1912 he has been 
a director of the Boston & Maine railroad, and for the past two years, president of the New 
Hampshire Manufacturers' Association. A Republican of progressive tendencies, he has been 
active in political life for some years past, and was a member of the Executive Council of the 
State during the administration of Governor Floyd in 1907-8. In October. 1882, he was 
united in marriage with Miss Kate Hall Deane of Claremont. They have two daughters, 
Katharine Duncan, now the wife of Roy D. Hunter of Claremont, and Sarah Elizabeth, who 
married Percy R. Brooks, of Guantanamo, now of San Manuel, Cuba. 



36G 



The Granite Monthly 



A sound mind springs from a sound body — 
yes, and a sound soul. 

The spiritual seems to spring from the 
material, the physical. The soul in the body 
stunted by disease and child labor and lack 
of food is hard to uplift. I think I can give 
you v. more illuminating example — the ex- 
ample of the violin. A good violin is made, 
with great care, of wood and catgut; the 
sounds it gives forth arc in conformity with 
God's natural laws, and yet the exquisite 
music it yields under the hand of a master 
lifts us above our sordid cares towards 
heaven. Of all the arts, I think, the voice 
of music is nearest the cry of reality. 



pity. It is the duty of every religious man 
and woman to be open-minded and intelli- 
gent. As learning grows, we must grow with 
it, and apply it. Education, 1 repeat, is not 
a matter of the high school, or of the univer- 
sity. It is a matter of the whole life. It is 
the habit of open-minded ness. and we are 
beginning to apply that principle to our 
schools. 

Is the religion of Jesus Christ, my friends, 
such a limited tiling that it cannot be pro- 
gressively applied to the changing conditions 
of society? Or is it not a progressive revela- 
tion? Should not the structure of society 
grow nearer and nearer such a structure as 













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Residence of Hon. J. Duncan L'pham 



For many years devoted scientists have 
been spending then lives in the universities 
of Germany, England and of this country 
studying evils, studying human nature in 
psychology, singly and in the mass; suggest- 
ing remedies, and fusing these remedies into 
a philosophy which i^ nearer Christianity 
•than any ever yet set forth. These men are 
not working for material gain. All laws being 
passed in England and this country are in 
accordance with this new philosophy, this 
human philosophy. Could any more striking 
example of the continued influence of Jesus 
Christ, enlightening human minds, softening 
human hearts to better human conditions, 
be asked for? 

But it is not enough to have sjinpathy and 



lie would have? And will His religion, which 
has adapted itself to all the changing evolu- 
tions, fail to adapt itself to conditions today, 
when men are seeking God and seeking Christ 
as never before? 

To the Christian, and to the good citizen, 
there is but one answer. For the good citizen 
is a Christian. May the church bring them 
together, through her age-long experience, 
in Christ.* 



Benediction by Rev. John A. Belford 
Let us pray. O Almighty, Eternal and 
All-Wise God, Father of mercies and source of 
all graces, vouchsafe, we beseech Thee, to 
look down with a gracious eye upon all 



The Claremon t A n n ivt rsa ry 



367 



assembled here this evening. We believe in 
Thee, we hope in Thee, and we love Thee. 

Thou hast said, O most loving Father: Ask 
and you shall receive; seek and yon shall find; 
knock and it shall be opened unto you. Re- 
lying on Thy infinite goodness and promise, 
acknowledging om dependence on Thee — 
that in Thee we live, move and have our 
being, we ask Thee to bestow upon us Thy 
sweetest graces. Give to us the abundance 
of heavenly blessings and from the richness 
of the- earth every substance necessary for 
life. Grant that peace and prosperity may 
be with us. May we learn to love Thee 
more and more. May we live in friendship 
and union with all men. Direct. O Lord, all 
om- actions by Thy holy .inspiration, that 
every work and prayer of ours may always 
begin from Thee and by Thee be happily 
ended, through Jesus Christ Our Lord, 
Amen. 



Following the exercises of the even- 
ing a concert was given in the Opera 
House by Nevers' Second Regiment 
Band, a large portion of the audience 
remaining to enjoy the same. The 
numbers included two finely rendered 
solos by Mr. Xevers which gave 
special pleasure to man}' old friends, 
Claremonf being the place of his 
nativity and home of his youth. 



Chief of Staff, C. E. Sears 
Staff 
Aids: II. K. Moors, JohnCragin, Leon Burns, 
D. F, Cutting, E. J. Rossiter, Walter 
Thomas. Robert G. Rossiter. 
The insignia of Grand Marshal and Aides, 
red sash from right shoulder to left side. 
The following is order of march: 
Ciaremonl Mounted Police 
Grand Marshal and Staff 
Division- L—Capt. Samuel H. Edes, Marshal. 
American Band; Company M, 1st In- 
fantry, as escort to His Excellency the 
Governor; Automobiles containing the 
Governor and his Military Staff, Officers of 
the Celebration and Distinguished Guests. 



Monday, October 26, opened most 
auspiciously, perfect weather con- 
ditions prevailing. The townspeople 
from outside the village and visitors 
from surrounding towns came in, in 
large numbers all the morning, till 
not less than ten thousand people, by 
conservative estimate, were gathered 
in and around the Square, and along 
the streets covered by the line of 
match for the grand parade, carried 
out under the direction of Chief Mar- 
shal David R. Roys, who had pre- 
viously issued the following order: 

Office of the Grand Marshal 
October 23, 1911. 
Having been Appointed Marshal of the One 
Hundred Fiftieth Anniversary Parade, the 
following is published for the government of 
all concerned. 



Charles F. Cole, D. D. 

Grand Chancellor, Knights of Pythias 

Division II. — E. J. Rossiter, Marshal. Aides: 
Walter Thomas and Robert G. Rossiter. 
Fifteen Historical Floats. 

Division III. — 11. K. Moors, Marshal. 
Drum Corps; Civic Societies; Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows; Rebekahs; Knights 
of Pythias; Pythian Sisters; Grand Army 
of the Republic; Spanish War Veterans; 
Sons of Veterans'; Woman's Relief Corps; 
Daughters of the Revolution; Women's 
Christian Temperance Union; Ancient 
Order of United Workmen; Ancient Order 
of Hibernians. 

Division IV. — Edward Lebrecque, Marshal. 
Windsor Band; Five French Lodges with 
Floats. 

Division V. — John Cragin, Marshal. Drum 
Corps; Foresters of America No. 17; Com- 



X, 



I 

COL. LEONARD E. LOVERIN.G 



. ! 



The Clare mont Anniversary 



369 



pardons of the Forest; Independent Order 

of Red Men. 
Division V'L — Leon Burns, Marshal. Con- 

eord Band; Benevolent and Protective 

Order of Elks; Post Office Officials: Clare- 
niont General Hospital; Red Cross Nurses; 

Knights of Malta; Methodist Camp Fire 

Girls; Clareniont Bird Club. 
Division YiL— D. F. Cutting, Marshal. 

Bellows Falls Band; Loyal Order of Moose; 

Clareniont Fire Department; Samuel H. 

Maxwell, float; F. A. Billings, war shin; 

Equal Suffrage Association; Monadnock 

Mills, float: Clareniont Gas Light Co., float; 

Sullivan Machinery Co., float. 

At half past ten o'clock a salute of seventeen 
guns will be fired from Dexter hill in honor of 
the Governor, which will be the signal oi the 
starting of the parade from Hotel Moody. 

The First Division will form in the square, 
facing Hotel Moody. The Second Division 
on the east side of Broad street, facing north, 
head of column at Town Hall. The Third 
Division on the east side of Broad street in 
rear of Second Division. The Fourth Divi- 
sion on east side of Broad street in rear of 
Third Division. The Fifth Division on east 
side of Broad street in rear of Fourth Division. 
The Sixth Division west side of Broad street, 
facing north, head of column at Summer 
street. The Seventh Division on west side of 
Broad street, facing south, head of column at 
Summer street. 

The signal for the assembling will be 
sounded by the Grand Marshal's bugler, at 
9:30 o'clock from Hotel Moody. 

David R. Boys. Grand Marshal. 

Official : C. E. Sears, Chief of Staff. 




Lieut. Leonard Lovering Barrett 

The procession, which was some- 
what delayed in starting, as is usually 
the case, moved in perfect order, 
covering a route of between three and 
four miles altogether, through the 
principal streets on both sides of the 



Leonard E. Loverixg, born in Queehee, Vt., November 13, 1854, died in Clareniont, N. H. 
May 20, 1914. He was the son of John L. and Ellen A. (Tyler) Lovering. His father 
died when he was a child, and his mother, a daughter of Hon. Austin Tyler and a descendant of 
the pioneer settler Col. Benjamin Tyler, returned with her two children, Leonard A. and Anna, 
(the latter subsequently Mrs. Charles W, Barrett) to her early home in Clareniont, where the 
children were reared. He was educated in the Stevens High School, leaving the class of 1S73 
to enter West Point Military Academy to which he had been appointed by Hon. H. W. Parker, 
then a member of Congress. He graduated in 1876, being commissioned, June 15 of that 
year, second lieutenant m the Fourth United States Infantry. He was promoted first lieu- 
tenant January 3. 1885, and captain October 15, 1S93, meanwhile having served as acting 
profe-sor of chemistry, mineralogy and geology at West Point, 1S81-85; engineer offieer De- 
partment of the Columbia, 1888-89; aid-de-camp to Brigadier-General Gibbon, 1SS9-91; aid- 
de-carnp to Brigadier-General F. H. Ruger 1891-92. tie was in command of his company 
-at Boise, Idaho,~and Fort Sheridan, 111., 1892-9S. He served in the Fifth Arm}' Corps, in the 
Santiago campaign in the Cuban war, participating in the battles of El Caney, San Juan, and 
the bombardment and siege of Santiago. He served with distinction in the Philippines, from 
1S99 to 1901, in Sehwan's expedition in Southern Luzon and as acting inspector-general at 
Manila, and again 1902-4 as commanding officer of the South Province and inspector-general 
at Manila. In 1905 he was promoted lieutenant-colonel, and served for three years as inspec- 
tor-general of the Southwestern Division. September 4. 1909, he was made colonel of the 
Twenty-eighth Regiment, and February 28, 1910, was retired for disability. Fpon retirement 
he returned to his sister's home in Clareniont, where his last years were passed. Colonel 
Lovering was a true soldier, of the most thorough scientific training, and the highest measure 
of practical ability. He was a member of the Spanish War Veterans, Society of Santiago, and 
the G. A. K. He was also a thirty-second degree Mason. His sister, Arna Lovering Barrett, 
a graduate of Stevens High School and Lasell Seminary is the Regent of Samuel Ashley Chap- 
ter D. A. R. Her son, I Leonard Lovering Barrett, graduate of Stevens High School, and West 
Point, 1912, is a lieutenant in the United States Coast Artillery, stationed at Ft. Warren, Mass. 



The Granite Monthly 



river, the various marching organiza- 
tions. and the appropriately designed 

and finely decorated floats calling 
forth most enfchusiasticdernonstrations 
of approval from the crowds oi people 
gathered all along the route. The 
procession was about two miles in 
length, and occupied nearly an hour 
in passing a given point. Nothing 
equalling this parade was ever before 
seen in the County, nor was there ever 
such a crowd gathered on any public 
occasion within its limits. It should 
be stated that next to the Governor's 
party in the first division, which also 
included Hon. H. W. Parker, Presi- 



Hon. Hosea \V. Parker presiding, and 

the same were carried out according 
to the programme. Following music 
by the Orchestra prayer was offered 
by the Rev. W. E. Patterson, rector 
of Trinity Episcopal Church, as 
follows: 

Prater by Rev. W. E. Patterson 
Let us pray. O God, we have hoard with 
our ears and our fathers have told us the 
noble works that Thou didst in their days and 
in the old time before them, and we would 
give Thee hearty thanks for all Thy goodness 
and loving-kindness to us and to all men. 
We bless Thee for our creation, preservation, 



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Fiske Free Library 



dent of the Day, and Hon. J. Duncan 
Upham, chairman of the Programme 
Committee, were the selectmen of 
Claremont, members of the Executive 
Committee, Sullivan County officers 
and other invited guests, also in 
automobiles. Following the parade, 
which was finally reviewed by the 
Governor and party from a stand 
erected for the purpose on Broad 
street, the Governor held a reception 
on the stand, large numbers of people 
paying their respects to the Chief 
Magistrate. . 



The formal anniversary exercises 
opened at 2 p. m., in the Opera House, 



and all the blessings of this life, but above all 
for Thine inestimable love, in the redemption 
of the world by our Lord Jesus Christ, for 
the means of grace, and for the hope of glory. 
"We would bless and magnify Thee for Un- 
loving-kindness to us in our day and genera- 
tion, in that Thou hast sent to this beloved 
land of ours the blessings of peace and pros- 
perity; and as we are here assembled on this 
occasion to celebrate the advancement and 
development of our town and community 
during the years that are past, and as we look 
upon the material achievements that have 
taken place therein, while we are thankful for 
these, help us to realize that our prosperity as 
a people rests not upon material, develop- 
ment only but rather upon those principles 



The Claremont Anniversary 



371 



of right eousness, of mercy, of justice, of love, 
and charity. 

We woukl ask Thy blessing upon the exer- 
cises of this afternoon and we would pray that 
Thou wouldst direct us in all our doings 
with Thy most gracious favor and further us 
with Thy continual help that in all our works 
begun, continued, and ended in Thee we may 
glorify Thy holy name and by Thy mercy 
obtain everlasting life through Him who has 
taught us to pray 

"Our Father, Who art in heaven, hallowed. 
be Thy name, Thy kingdom come, Thy will 
be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us 
this day our daily bread and forgive us our 
trespasses as we forgive those that trespass 
against us. And lead us not into temptation 
but deliver us from evil, for Thine is the 
kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for- 
ever and ever, Amen." 

Presidenl Parker then addressed 
the assembly in the following words 
being warmly greeted at the opening 
and close of his remarks: 

Address of President Parker 
FelloiQ-citizens, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

This is a very interesting day for our be- 
loved town. We have met for the purpose of 
celebrating; and taking note of, the one hun- 
dred fiftieth anniversary of the granting of 
the charter to the town of Glaremont. 

It is not for me to review the history of 
Claremont. That will be done more effec- 
tively and more at length by another. I 
cannot refrain, however, ladies and gentle- 
men, from reverting to a few things which 
have come to my notice during my residence 
in this town. It is fifty-four years the present 
week since I became a citizen of Claremont. 
I remember well the situation and the condi- 
tion of our town, at that time. I have watched 
with a good deal of interest and have partic- 
ipated to some extent and have given a good 
deal £>{ my time to the development and prog- 
ress and interest of this town. 

I remember fifty years ago the surround- 
ings here in what we now call the square. At 
that time there was a hotel — a wood struc- 
ture—known as the Tremont House. Back 
of it there was an old barn. On either side 
there were very humble mercantile establish- 
ments; nothing very attractive to the eye or 
to the taste, so far as I can remember, at that 



time. Contrast that condition with the 
present! 

I remember well the condition of our manu- 
facturing establishments at that time in 
town. Very humble beginnings, many of 
them. It is true the Monadnock Mills were 
here, doing a comparatively small amount of 
manufacturing of the ordinary cotton cloth — 
while today its product of the well-known 
Marseilles bed quilts are sold and distributed 
throughout, the length and breadth of the 
land — one of the most important manufactur- 











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Soldiers' Monument, Claremont, N. H. 

ing establishments in New England. I 
remember at that time, too, the small be- 
ginning of the Sullivan Machinery Company, 
then called the Sullivan Machine Company, 
I believe. How that well-known citizen, 
James P. Upham, started at that time with 
two or three or four or five workmen whose 
special work was. I believe, to manufacture- 
water wheels, known as the Tyler water 
wheels — a very small affair, a very small 
beginning, although Mr, Upham was a very 
enterprising citizen and did as much, perhaps, 
to put the wheels of industry in motion as- 



>a 




GENERAL HERBERT E. TUTKERLY 
Adjutant-General — Chairman of Parade Committer 



The Claremont Anniversary 



any man we have ever had. Look today at 
that great establishment., employing ten or 
twelve hundred people, sending its produc- 
tions throughout the civilized world, recog- 
nized as one of the great manufacturing estab- 
lishments of New England! 

1 remember the very humble mercantile 
establishments that surrounded this square, 
very humble indeed as compared wit] the 
present. Today we have a beautiful open 
square here, surrounded by mercantile 
establishments that equal almost any in the 
email cities and some of the larger cities. We 
have a beautiful hotel in place of the old 
hotel, which went up in flames. We have 
many things today that in those early days 
we did not possess. May I recount a few of 
them? 

We have a splendid high school, founded 
by one of the citizens of Claremont — an 
honor to the town and a great benefit to this 
community, one of the best literary institu- 
tions in the State, respected and honored, as 
I say, by our people. We have one of the 
best hospitals, caring for the sick and the 
distressed, doing a great work in our midst, 
prized highly by us all. well-endowed and 
doing a noble work. We have a first-class 
public library, equal to almost any in the 
State. Our schools, as compared with the 
schools of fifty years ago, have taken on new 



Samuel Richardson 

General Insurance Agent 

life and are doing better work then ever 
before. We have splendid school buildings, 
splendid schools. Our churches are pros- 
perous—to a degree, not so much so as they 
ought to be, because I believe in the church 



Herbert E. Tutherly, Adjutant-General of the State of New Hampshire, and Chairman of 
the Committee on Parade, for the One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary Celebration, was 
born in Claremont April 5, 1S4S, being the eldest son of William E. and Lorette C. (Rossiter) 
Tutherly. His paternal ancestry came from England, settling at York, Me., in 1666. His 
father, William E. Tutherly, was a farmer by occupation, but extensively engaged in public 
affairs in his later years, being chairman of the board of selectmen for many years, including 
the Civil War period, County Commissioner, member of the Legislature, and of the Executive 
Council. General Tutherly was educated at Claremont Academy, Kimball Union Academy, 
Meriden, and the United Slates Military Academy at West Point, graduating from the latter 
in 1S72, when he was appointed second lieutenant in the First United States Cavalry. He 
was subsequently promoted to first lieutenant, captain, major and lieutenant-colonel, and 
was placed upon the retired list of the United States Army in 1906, after a service of thirty- 
eight years, during which he was for about twenty years upon Indian frontier service in the 
Western territories and in Alaska. He participated in the Spanish American War, command- 
ing a squadron of cavalry in Cuba, where for gallantry in action at the battle of San Juan 
Hill, he was recommended for the rank of brevet major. He was detailed by the War Depart- 
ment a 4 s professor of military science at Cornell University, and later at the University of 
Vermont, the two terms of service covering eleven years. He was also detailed for five years 
as inspector-general, about one half the time being spent in the Philippines. In 1885 he re- 
ceived the? honorary degree of A. M., from the University of Vermont. Since his retirement 
General Tutherly has made his home in Claremont, having a large farm, a mile and a half 
east of the village, where he is extensively engaged in stock raising. He was appointed ad- 
jutant-general of Xew Hampshire, with the rank of brigadier-general, by Governor Bass in 
1911, and reappointed by Governor Felkcr in 1013, in recognition of his efficient service at 
the head of the state's military department, which has been continued to the present time to 
the satisfaction of all concerned and is, fortunately to be continued under the coming admin- 
istration. General Tutherly married. May 20, 1878, Miss Marion Cotton of Claremont. 
They have one son, George E., now of Chelsea, Vt., born December 11, 1879. 



374 



The Granite Monthly 



as well as in the institutions of learning. Our 
forefathers, you remember, planted the 
church alongside of the sehoolhouse, believ- 
ing that the church was as essential to the 
progress of the human race as the school- 
house. 

Today we are highly favored. Nature 
has been lavish in her gifts to us. This town 
is most beautifully situated, surrounded by 
beautiful hills and valleys. No place in the 
State is superior in natural beauty to Clare- 
mont. And while we realize that New 
Harnsphire is the great "picnic ground," so 



be an organization that shall purchase that 
location and make it one of the resorts of our 
town. 1 have taken visitors who have visited 
me. from the West mam- a time upon Flat 
Hock and they were charmed, more than 
charmed, by the surrounding view, saying 
that it was almost equal, if not quite equal, 
to anything that could be found in Switzer- 
land or across the sea. Claremont ought 
to wake up, more than it ever has, to some 
of these natural beauties — ought to wake 
up and do more in the future than it has in 
the past. 





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The Last of the Shugah Indians Leaving Claremont — 1750 



to speak, or the great place of resort for our 
entire country, why should not Claremont 
wake up and make it one of those attractive 
spots, more so than at present, for the summer 
visitor? That is being considered somewhat- 
Why, ladies and gentlemen, one hundred 
million dollars yearly, it is estimated, is 
spent in New England by vacationists. Is 
there any reason why these hillsides and these 
beautiful mountains that surround us should 
not be dotted by summer cottages, occupied 
by vacationists? 1 have often thought, and 
1 feel the same today, of the beautiful spot 
that we call Flat Rock— that there ought to 



I have lived to see this town grow in popu- 
lation, more than 'double in population; in 
wealth, three or four or five times what it was 
fifty years ago. But, my. friends, this material 
prosperity that has been very properly 
alluded to — this material prosperity is not all 
there is to make a town or a community. 
There are other things that should be con- 
sidered. While we rejoice in and are proud 
of the material prosperity that our town has 
attained, we should give heed and give thought 
to something that is higher and nobler and 
better than that. Character-building is the 
great purpose of life —good character is 



The Claremont Anniversary 



375 



worth more than bonds and stocks and 
money and wealth; and we should look to it 
that we are not only a town prosperous in a 
material way, but a town that is recognized 
as foremost in the great moral reforms of the 
day. We are living in a time in these days 
when people are turning their attention, more 
than ever before, to the higher things of life, 
giving more attention to justice and right and 
charity and brotherly love and peace and 
unity; these are the things that ought to in- 
spire us — these are the things that are per- 
manent — these are the things that eharac ierize 
a state, a nation, and a people. Let us give 
heed to them and go on — go on in the future 
and make this town what it ought to be, the 



I congratulate you, my feilow-ciiizens, upon 
this occasion, and J. extend to yon a hearty 
greeting; go on, go on, teach your children 
(and this is the thought that I desire to leave 
with you) teach your children the better 
things of life; not only support your schools 
but support your church. Religion is one 
of the essentials of this life — support your 
church and. give heed to these better tilings, 
for they are the things that are enduring and 
eternal. 

Of course, to me there are some shadows 
that pass over me today. My old friends are 
nearly all gone, very few of those who were 
with me in the early days are here. I could 
call a long list of worthv men and women who 



Moses Spafford and Wife Arriving In Clarer-Tont, 1762 



leading and most beautiful town in the Con- 
necticut River valley. W'g have the natural 
advantages for it, and I appeal to the young 
people who are to come after us (for seme of 
us won't be here long) ; the young people who 
are to come after us should give heed to these 
higher things of life — our schools should give 
more heed to these higher and better things 
of life* Intellectual training is all right, we 
believe in that, but moral and spiritual train- 
ing is better. Let us remember that "right- 
eousness exalteth a nation while sin is a rer 
proach to any people." Give heed to the 
moral aspects of life; be more just, more 
kindly, more true, and Claremont in the 
future will be what the good God designed 
that his people should be. 



were here in Claremont. active in business 
life, active in every part of the town; very few 
of them are left. I cannot realize why I am 
here, but I am. thankful to be here today, 
thankful to take part in these very interesting 
exercises, thankful that I have lived to see 
this day; and I am thankful for the coopera- 
tion which I have received in town, for I have 
been a pretty active man here; I am thankful 
for the cooperation which I have received on 
the part of the town in some of the advances 
which have made my connection with the 
business interests of this town very intimate, 
very close, and I have tried to do my duty as 
a citizen as I understood it: For these and a 
thousand other things I thank my towns- 
men. 



COL. CHARLES If. LONG 



The Ciorcnioni Anniversary 



377 



Mr. Parker, Introducing Governor 
Felker 

Nov;*, ladies and gentlemen, it isn't often 
that we have a live governor here in Ciare- 
raont. There have been a good many times 
when some of our people would have been 
happy to be governor— perhaps they were 
worthy to be governor; but that office seems 
never to have reached them. We are thankful 
today to have with us his Excellency, the 
Governor of our State, and we feel very 
highly honored because lie has paid us this 
visit, and I take this opportunity to thank 
him for his presence here today. I know you 
will all be delighted to hear a word from him 
and he has very- kindly consented to address 
you on this occasion. 1 have the pleasure of 
presenting to you Governor Felker of our 
Commonwealth. 



Address by Governor Felker 
Ladies end Gentlemen, Citizens of Claremont: 

I am pleased to be with you on this occasion 
and to participate with you in the exercises 
of today. I bring to you the greetings of the 
State of New Hampshire, and wish you all 
Euccess. Tin's day has certainly been most 
propitious. It could not have been better 
if it had been ordered for the occasion. 

Your parade was one of the best, if not the 
best, I have seen during my two years as 
Governor of the State of New Hampshire. 



The societies turned out in goodly numbers 
and, as I may not have another opportunity, 
1 want here to express my appreciation to the 
Elks for their kindly escort from the station; 
also my appreciation of that organization 
which belongs alone to the United States, 
and the great amount of good it has done. 
There are two things for which it should es- 
pecially be commended; they have brought 
to our attention with greater force than ever 
before the significance of our national emblem; 
they have also brought to our attention the 
wonderful results that can be accomplished 
by extending the truly helping hand. I wish 
them Godspeed, 

This is a beautiful* town as my friend Mr. 
Parker has said, and I certainly admire the 
judgment of those earlier men who settled in 
the Connecticut Valley. For where you see 
good agricultural land, you see prosperity. 
We are all dependent upon agriculture. In 
this valley you see prosperity— you see happy 
homes where you see that; you not only have 
this at hand, but you have the grand mountain 
scenery, the beauty of location which attracts 
the people far and wide. Make the most of 
such an opportunity. 

The suggestion made to me last night by 
Brother Parker that the best brains, like the 
potatoes in a hill, are under ground, is cer- 
tainly not true in Claremont. You are a 
wide-awake people and you have done won- 
ders in the way of manufacturing and in the 



Charles H. Loxg, bom in Claremont, March 14, 1S34, died at his home there May 30, 190S. 
lie was the son of Capfc. Charles Frederick and Caroline Jones (Hubbard) Long, and was the 
last male representative in town of the three old families of Jones, Hubbard and Long. He. 
was graduated from Norwich Military University in 1855. Upon the outbreak of the Civil 
War he was employed as a drill-master by the state of New Hampshire for three months and 
then recruited men for the Fifth Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteers, in which he was com- 
irnssionrd captai n of Company G. September 17, 1862, he was severely wounded in the battle 
of Antietam, and resigned in November following; but in April, 1883, he returned to the serv- 
ice, was commissioned captain and authorized to raise a- company of heavy artillery to garrison 
the defences of Portsmouth, having previously held a commission for a short time as lieutenant- 
colonel in the Seventeenth Regiment, which was consolidated with the Second. In 1864 a 
full regiment of heavy artillery was raised and on September 29 he was commissioned colonel 
of tk,e same. In November following he was ordered to the command of the First Brigade, 
Hardin's Division, Twenty-Second Army Corps, which position he held until mustered out at 
the close of the war, his conduct as an officer commanding the highest approbation of his supe- 
riors. Upon the opening of the Concord & Claremont Railroad, in 1872, Colonel Long was 
made station agent, which position he held for nineteen years, resigning in 1901. Colonel Long 
was a Republican in politics and active in public affairs, having served as treasurer of Sullivan 
County and as a member of the State Legislature in 1871 and 1 903; also as a member of the 
Stevens High School Committee. He was a member of Major Jarvis Post, G. A, R., and was 
its second commander. He was also active in Masonry and had been Eminent Commander 
of Sullivan Commander}", K. T. In religion he was an Episcopalian, and was senior warden of 
the church at the time of his decease, and was also a member of the finance committee of the 
New Hampshire diocese. He was married March 14, 1859, to Miss Stella E. Cook by whom 
he is survived. 



378 



The Granite Monthly 



way you have handled your town, and all the 
brains are not under ground. 

There are of course more or less men who 
have been a power in this state and the nation 
who have lived in Claremont and passed on. 
But there are men who stand high in the State 
today. I can see them before me; I can see 
them upon this stage. Look at the Uphams 
who for generations have added to the de- 
velopment of the resources of the town, and 
have added to its prosperity, and the many 
friends of the present representative of the 
family who would like to see him Governor 
of the State. See my friend Parker who lias 
represented you in the halls of Congress, and 
who is as young today as h^ ever was. Why, 
when I walked across the square to this Hall 
I couldnH keep step with him. When it 
looked as if we were going to have trouble 
with Mexico, and our worthy President was 
looking over the State Militias as to their 
preparedness, he found New Hampshire one 
of three States all ready and trains hired for 
Mexico. The credit of this is due solely to 
your fellow-townsman. General Tutherly. 

New Hampshire is prosperous in a general 
way, and I might talk to you of her prosper- 
ity; I might talk to you of her advancing 
prosperity; I might talk to you of peace, but 
the war across the waters seems to say there 
will be no peace. I wish to God that the men 
who started the war were put together in one 
room, and let them fight it out. Then we 
should have no war. 

But there is, thank God, a brotherhood of 
man. It is evidenced more and more — you 
evidence it today in your getting together 
here, one and all, each touching elbows, and 
one equal with the other, and all for the com- 
mon good. Let us trust that in the future 
someone will solve the broader humanity of 
man to man and the brotherhood of us all. 
It is up to us to solve that question and we 
cannot leave it unsolved if we would. 

I bid you all hail and I wish you all future 
prosperity. And when you get together, as 
some will, in fifty years from now, I trust that 
you will then live under the best government 
that God ever vouchsafed to man. 



Mr. Parker, Introducing Mr. Metcalf 
Ladies and gentlemen, I have known the 
gentlemen who is to address you this after- 
noon perhaps longer than any other person 



among those present. I knew him as a boy 
in. my native town: I knew him as a school 
teacher; I have known him as a writer, an edi- 
tor; 1 have known him as one of the most 
active men in the State for the promotion of 
the Grange — agriculture; I have known him 
as a leading man in the State in promoting 
the work of the Old Home Week Association, 
of which he is the president, I believe, at the 
present time; I have known him as a public 
servant here in the State, doing more work for 
the benefit of the State than almost any other 
man; and I am more than happy to present 
him to you, this afternoon, as the orator of 
the day — Honorable Henry II. Metcalf, 
State Historian. 

HISTORICAL ADDRESS 

Mr. President, Sons and Daughters of 
Claremont, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

Let me congratulate you. in the outset, 
upon the favorable auspices under which you 
are assembled to celebrate an important event 
in the history of your goodly tosm. You ob- 
serve, today, the one hundred and fiftieth an- 
niversary of the charter of the town of Clare- 
mont. You have met in this spacious and 
beautiful assembly hall, in the stately edifice 
which is the civic center of an intelligent and 
progressive community, in a season when 
plenty and happiness pervade the land, when 
nation-wide prosperity, to which your labor 
and efforts have contributed their due share, 
abounds. In happy contrast to old-world 
conditions, no clouds of war overshadow — no 
blood of slaughtered thousands stains the soil. 
You meet amid peaceful surroundings to cele- 
brate the triumphs of peaceful industry. 

One hundred and fifty years ago today, 
October 26, 1764, Penning Wentwofth, Gov- 
ernor and Commander-in-Chief of the Prov- 
ince of New Hampshire, with advice of Coun- 
cil, in the name of King George the Third, by 
the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France 
and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, etc., 
granted to Josiah Willard, Samuel Ashley and 
sixty-seven others, a tract of land described 
as about six miles square, containing twenty- 
four thousand acres, the same to be divided 
into seventy-five equal shares, one for each 
proprietor, after reserving for His Excellency, 
the Governor, five hundred acres, taken from 
the southwest corner of the tract granted, to- 
gether with a small island in the Connecticut 



The Clare -wont Anniversary 



379 



Tiiver, opposite, the same to be accounted as 
two shares; one share for the society for the 
Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, 
one share for a glebe for the Church of Eng- 
land, one share for the first settled minister 
of the Gospel and one for the benefit of a 
school in the town, .forever. This tract of 
land, by the terms of the grant, was incor- 
porated into a township by the name of Clare- 
mont — a name said to have been derived from 
the country seat of Lord Olive, a noted Eng- 
lish general, prominent in the conquest of 
India. The boundaries -were distinctly set 
forth in the grant, and embrace all the terri- 
tory of the town as it exists today, except a 
small section set off from the town of Unity 
by the legislature of the state at the Decem- 
ber session of 1S2S. 

It was provided in the charter, or grant, 
that as soon as there were fifty families resi- 
dent therein, the town should have liberty to 
hold two fairs annually, and to open and keep 
-a market one or more days each week. It 
was stipulated that each grantee, his heirs or 
assigns, should plant or cultivate live acres 
of land, within five years, for every fifty con- 
tained in his share, and make additional im- 
provements, as time passed, on pain of for- 
feiting his title. All pine trees, fit for masts for 
the royal navy, were expressly reserved for 
that use. Before any division of land should 
be made, a tract near the center of the town 
was to be laid out in town lots of one acre 
each, one to be allotted to each grantee. A 
tribute of one ear of corn, annually, was to 
be paid the king, if lawfully demanded, for 
the space of ten years; after winch each 
grantee was to pay one shilling, proclamation 
money, for every hundred acres he owned, 
and in that proportion for greater or less 
amounts, annually forever. 

It is unnecessary to present, here, the full 
text of the charter, the substantial provisions 
of which have been stated, or the Use of names 
of the proprietors, comparatively few of 
whom ever lived in the- town or even saw the 
land they had been granted. Nor is there 
any occasion for extended reference to the 
records of the Proprietor's meetings, the first 
of which, as appears from the records, was 
held at the house of Lieut. Hilkiah Grout, 
February 2, 1769, at which Lieut. Samuel 
Ashley was moderator and Col. Josiah Wil- 
lard, clerk; and the last at the office of A. F. 



Snow in Claremont, October 2S, 18oS, David 

11. Sumner being moderator and Solon C. 
G ramus, clerk. The bulk of the proprietors 
were mainly interested, as was generally the 
case with those of other towns, in disposing 
of their holdings, and none but the three Ash- 
leys— ^Samuel, Samuel Jr., ami Oliver — be- 
came settlers in the town, and even these 
were not among the first. Two years before 
the grant of the town — in 1762 — two settlers, 
Moses Spafford and David Lynde, had come 
in, r selected locations and built their cabins, 
and between then and 1767, when the proprie- 



\. 



\ 




Henry S. Richardson 

Attorney at Law 

tors began to be alert in looking after their in- 
terests, a few others had come in. These were 
all dealt with, in some manner satisfactory 
to both sides, and other locations were dis- 
posed of in considerable number to other 
home-seekers, so that on the 8th day of 
March, • 1768, a town government seems to 
have been put in operation. At ail events 
the first town meeting of winch there is any 
record was holden on that date, at the house 
of Capt. Benjamin Brooks, who was made 
moderator, with Joseph Ives, town clerk, and 
Benjamin Brooks, Ebenezer Skinner, Benja- 
min Tyler, Thomas Jones and Amos York, 
selectmen. Benjamin Brooks, Jr., was elected 



- 



■• 



HON. IRA COLBY, JR. 



The Clafeniont Anniversary 



381 



constable. At an adjourned meeting, three 
weeks later, Amos York and Benedick Roys 
were chosen tything-men; Benedick Roys 
and Josiah Rich, deer reeves and Asa Leet 
and Ebenezer Skinner, surveyors of highways. 
It was voted to build a pound for the use of 
the town, Dear Thomas Jones' house, ''in the 
most convenient place." and Thomas Jones 
was chosen pound-keeper. The need of high- 
ways was coming to be felt, thus early, and 
Capt. Benjamin Brooks and Benjamin Sum- 
ner were chosen a committee to lay out a 
road to Newport, where a settlement had 
been made under a charter granted three 
years earlier than that, of Claremont. 

It was also voted at this meeting ;f to take 
two acres of land off the northwest corner of 
the Fair for a burying place" — a necessity 
that had not been thought of b}' the proprie- 
tors in their original layout. 

At the next annual meeting, held at the 
house of Dr. William Sumner, he was chosen 
moderator and Benjamin Sumner town clerk. 
Three selectmen, only, were elected this year, 
and these were Jeremiah Spencer, Benjamin 
Tyler, and Benjamin Sumner. Thus it will 
be seen that the principle of '''rotation in 
office' ' was early recognized in this town, and 



it is proper to say that it has very generally 
been observed. En rare instances only has 
any man been continued many years suc- 
cessively in the same office in the town of 
plaremont, the most notable exception being 
in the case of Hon. George B. Upham, who 
represented the town in the General Court 
fifteen years in all, and ten years successively 
— from ISO-i to IS 13 inclusive. At an ad- 
journed meeting, this year (1769) after the 
choice of minor officers, it was voted that 
'"'Daniel Warner shall have for his services in 
marking a road to Merrimack £1, Ss. lawful 
money." It was also voted that "Hogs may 
run at large, yoked and ringed according to 
law." 

At the annual meeting in 1770 a town 
treasurer was chosen for the first time, in 
the person of Thomas Gustin, but Dr. Wil- 
liam Sumner got this office next year, and Mr. 
Gustin was lot down easily by an election as 
pound-keeper, when it was also voted that 
the town clerk should keep a record of the 
marks of cattle and swine belonging to the 
inhabitants. 

At a special town meeting, May 9, 1771, it 
was voted that "we will call a Minister to 
come and preach the gospel among us on 



Ira Colby, Jr., for two score years a prominent member of the Sullivan County bar and an 
honored and influential citizen of Claremont, born there January 11, 1831, died June 27, 
190S. Mr. Colby was the son of Ira and Polly (Foster) Colby, his father being a successful 
and enterprising farmer, prominent m town affairs, and hi3 mother a descendant of Reginald 
Foster who settled in Ipswich, Mass., in 1638. He received his preliminary education in the 
Claremont schools, and in the Academies at Sanbornton (now Tilton), N. II., Springfield, Vt., 
Marlow, N. H., and Thetford, Vt., entered Dartmouth College in 1853, graduating therefrom 
with the class of 1857, among his classmates being the late Judge James B. Richardson of Massa- 
chusetts, and Gen. Edward F. Noyes of Ohio. While pursuing his preparatory and college 
studies he taught school every winter, and, later, was engaged in teaching a year in Wisconsin. 
In the faU of 1S5S he commenced the study of law with Freeman & McClure of Claremont, 
was admitted to the bar two years later and commenced practice in the office in which he had 
studied, Mr. McClure having died and Mr. Freeman retiring from practice. From that time 
(1800) till his death, he was actively engaged in the work of his profession, attaining a measure 
of success and reputation therein, unsurpassed by any of his contemporaries in his town or 
county. A Republican in politics, he was honored by his party by election to the popular 
branch of the legislature in 1864, 1865, 1881, 1883 and 1887, and to the State Senate in 1869 
and 1870, serving on important committees in both branches^ In 1SS3 he introduced and 
secured the passage of the "Colby bill," so-called, which materially changed the railroad law 
of the state, and was the leader of the legislative forces supporting the so-called "Hazen bill" 
in the memorable contest of 1887, which passed both branches but was killed by executive 
veto. He was solicitor for Sullivan County continuously with the exception of two years, 
from 1864 to 1888, a delegate at large in the Republican National Convention in 1876, and 
was appointed a member of the commission to revise, amend and codify the public statutes 
in 1889. In 1893 he was appointed by the Governor and Council an Associate Justice of the 
Supreme Court, to succeed W. H. H. Allen, but declined the position. Like his father before 
him, whom he succeeded on the board of trustees, he was a prominent and active member of 
the M. E. Church of Claremont. June 20, 1867, he was united in marriage with Louisa M. 
Way, daughter of Gordon Way of Claremont and sister of Dr. Osmon B. Way, who survives. 
They had "two children, a son, Ira Gordon Colby, a graduate of Dartmouth in the class of 
1894, now a lawyer of Claremont, and a daughter, who died in infancy. 



382 



The Granite Monthly 



Probation in order to settle in the Gospel 
Ministry among us." A record was made of 
the names of those voting on this proposi- 
tion — the first record of any yea and nay 
vote in town, though it probably does not 
show the entire number of voters then living 
here. Those voting in the affirmative, or in 
favor of calling a minister, were Thomas 
Gust in, William Sumner, Ebenezer Skinner, 
Capt. B. Sumner, Jacob Rice, Joseph Wright, 
John Kilburn, Asaph Atwater, John Spencer, 
Asa Jones, Jonas Stewart, Barnabas Ellis, 
Joseph Ives, Joseph Hubbard, Beriah Mur- 
ray, Amaziah Knight, Gid Lewis. Timothy 
Dustin and Thomas Houston. Those voting 
in the negative, or against the proposition, 
were Amos York, Oliver Ashley and Moses 



in the work of the gospel ministry, agreeable 
to the Congregational or Cambridge Plat- 
form." It was also voted to give Mr. 
Wheaton the Ministerial Right of Land given 
the town by charter for the first settled min- 
ister, and also fifty pounds, lawful money, 
fifteen to be paid in money, and the rest to 
be paid in spruce for building at the money 
price— this as an "encouragement" to settle. 
For the salary he was to have "Forty Five 
Pounds the first year, and to rise o pounds per 
year till it amounts to SO pounds." It is 
recorded that Moses SpafYord and William 
Porter "protested against the whole pro- 
ceedings." This call, after due consideration, 
Mr. Wheaton accepted, his acceptance being 
received at an adjourned meeting, one week 





. ... 




'/ - 


- 




<^m 








'. *' .' .' 












-,. ' r ',' . . • , 


? ■ '■ /■ 




■- 


s 














1 
| 



Granting of tbe Charter 



SpafYord. At the same meeting it was voted 
"to apply to Mr. Elijah Parsons to come and 
preach the gospel among us on Probation in 
order to settle with us. But, if he fails, to 
apply to Dr. Wheelocl: (President of Dart- 
mouth College) for advice who to apply to in 
his rome." 

At a special meeting of the town, Septem- 
ber 26, of the same year, Capt. B. Brooks 
was chosen grand juror for the ensuing 
year, which is the first choice of any man 
for jury service in town, of which record is 
made. 

That the application to Mr. Elijah Par- 
sons "failed" is shown by the fact that, as 
recorded, the town voted, on December 20, 
1771, "to give Mr. George Wheaton a call, 
and do call Mr. Wheaton to settle among us 



later, at which it was also voted a to raise 
twelve pounds to satisfy Mr. Wheaton for 
past service," so that it is apparent that he 
had been preaching for some time on trial, 
and was the person whom Dr. Wheelock had 
recommended. 

At the annual meeting in 1772 it was voted 
"to raise a Rate of three pounds, lawful 
money, to purchase Weights and measures for 
the use of the tow n " ; also "thirty nve pounds 
towards the amendment of Highways, and to 
allow three shillings per diem for labor/' the 
generally prevailing custom of working out 
highway taxes manifest!}' being in vogue. 

At a meeting on January 6, 1773, John 
Sprague, Benjamin Brooks, Jr., Ebenezer 
Rice and Jacob Rice were "drawn and ap- 
pointed to serve on the petit jury" — being 



The Claremoni Anniversary 



3S3 



the first men in town selected for such serv- 
ice, so f:>.r as the record shows. 

At the annual meeting in March, 1773, it 
was "Voted to raise a Rate of Twenty Pounds 
for the support of schools the ensuing Year, 
and Sixty Pounds more for amendment of 
Highways." This is the first record of the 
appropriation of money for schools in town. 

In March. 1775, it was voted "to shut up 
hogs from the first of April next to the last 
days of October following'"; also "to lease 
out the lands that belong to the town for the 
use of Schools as by grant of the Town allowed 
for that purpose." Twenty pounds were 
voted for schools and forty-five for highways, 
and "the meeting took into consideration a 
number of Poor Mens Rates and voted to 
'sink' 21 of them," it thus appearing that 
affluence was not then universal in the com- 
munity. 

On June 12, 1775, a town meeting was held 
"for the Purpose of Hearing the reports of 
Mr. Oliver Ashley, from Provential (Provin- 
cial) Congress and to Choose a Committee 
of Safety, etc.," from which it appears that 
the said Ashley had been chosen or appointed 
a representative or delegate from Ciaremont 
in the said Congress, although there is no 
record of such selection. It was voted "that 
the town is fully satisfied with the doings of 
our member, Mr. Oliver Ashley, att the 
Provential (Provincial} Congress holderi at 
Exeter on the 17th of May last." 

Capt. Joseph Wait, Ensign Oliver Ashley, 
Messrs. Thomas Gustin, Asa Jones, Jacob 
Roys, Eliezer Clark and Lieut. Joseph Taylor 
were chosen a Committee of Safety, and it 
was voted that "Oliver Ashley shall attend 
Provential Congress till further orders.'' 

At a meeting December 15, 1775, "Capt. 
Joseph Wait was chosen Representative to 
attend the Provential Congress at Exeter 
on the 21st day of December next." It was 
"Voted that the said member shall have full 
Power with the other members of said Colony 
to resolve themselves into such a House as 
the Continental Congress shall recommend 
for the taking up government in this country." 
Thus it appears that the people of Claremont, 
young as their settlement then was, were 
among the very first in support of measures 
looking toward independence in America. 
A_nd, by the way, it may well be remarked in 
this connection, that this same Provincial 



Congress, meeting in December, 1775, of 
which Captain Wait was a member, soon 
after took action equivalent to a declaration 
of independence from British rule, and ante- 
dating similar action by the Rhode Island 
Assembly, which has been claimed, on behalf 
of that colony, as the first formal action of 
the kind in the country. 

' At a meeting on December 10, 1776, Elihu 
Stevens was chosen a Representative in the 
Assembly at Exeter for the year ending on 
the third Wednesday of December next. At 
the annual March meeting following, twenty- 



I 



•'-:- :•-.• •■■■■&__&.- 



Oscar C. Rand 

President of Rand, Ball &. King Hardware Company. 
In same store 49 years and stili selling hardware 



five pounds was voted for schools and a like 
amount for highways, and it was voted to 
"lease the Burying Yard to Ebenezer Rice 
for the term of Twenty years." On Decem- 
ber S, 1777, Elihu Stevens was elected Repre- 
sentative in the Assembly, and it was voted 
"to pay the Rev. Mr. Augustine Hibbard's 
third year's sallery in good wheat at five 
shillings per bushel, in good well fated pork 
at four pence per pound, good flax well 
dressed at eight pence per pound, and other 
articles of provisions or labour in proportion 
to the above articles." 

At a meeting February 2, 1778, "Voted to 



p----------^----^ ----- .,-,.._—, 






: • ■ - - " ; 

l| • • !l 

!•-■■■ I! 



I! • 

' ; I 



K .- 



IIERMON HOLT 



The Claremont Anniversary 



385 



adopt t-lio articles of Confederation appointed 
by the Honorable, the Continental Congress." 
Also "Voted that Elibu Stevens Esq., pro- 
ceed with Justice to use his influence to call 
a full and free representation of all the people 
of the State of New Hampshire to meet in 
convention as has been desired by the House 
of Representatives of s d State Reference 
being had to a vote passed in s d House on 
December 17th, 1778." Here was mani- 
festly a slip of the pen in the record, December 
1777, being intended. Also "Chose Lieut. 
Joseph Rice Selectman in the room of Capt. 
Joseph Taylor, as he expects soon to joyn 
with the American army." 

At the annua] meeting in March, following, 
the selectmen were" authorized to divide the 
town into districts for the convenience of 
schools, and seven districts were subsequently 
formed. December 7, 1778, chose Dea. 
Thomas Sterns to represent the town in the 
assembly. It was also voted "that the town 
pay the cost that has arisen for the support 
of Mr. Daniel Sterns' wife while he was 
absent from her in the army." 

In March, 1779, "Voted that Dea. Thomas 
Sterns use his influence at the Assembly for 
the purpose of laying claim to the Grants on 
the West side of Connecticut River, that the 
s d grants may be annexed to the State of 
New Hampshire. " 

In 17S0 it was voted "to raise thirty 
pounds lawful money, to be raised as wheat 
at five sh. per bush., for schools." 

In 1784 there is a record of the vote cast 
in town for Councilor, viz: 

Col. Samuel Ashley 14 

Gen. Benjamin Bellows 15 



William H. Slay ton 

Superintendent of Public Schools, Claremont, N. H. 

Daniel Jones Esq SO 

Simeon Olcott 30 

Thomas Sparhawk 1 

Showing at least ninety men present and 
voting. 

In September, 1785, the town voted "That 
those people who call themselves Baptists 
pay no more rates to the Congregational 
order for the fewter. " 

August 8, 1786. "Voted to lay in our claims 
for our private, expenditures, in the late war 
on special alarms, including our Vermont 
services, and chose a Committee for the 



Hebmon Holt, a prominent citizen of Claremont during the past forty years was born in 
Woodstock, Vt., September 7, 1845, the son of Xatha.i L. and Rebecca Maria (Mack) Holt. 
His boyhood was spent on his father's farm in Quechee, Vt. He prepared for college at the 
Academy at Randolph, Vt., and at Kimball Union Academy. Graduating from the latter in 
the class of 1866 he entered Dartmouth College from which he graduated in 1870. He at once 
took up the study of law and began practice in Claremont in 1873. Mr. Holt has always been 
a staunch Republican, but he has been too largely occupied with his professional work to give 
much time to politics. He was a member of the Legislature of 1889-1890 and of the Senate 
of 1894—1895. He served several years on the Stevens High School Board and also on the 
Town School Committee, lie is an Episcopalian and was for many years a vestryman and 
warden of Trinity Church. He is president of Claremont Savings Bank. As a lawyer Mr. 
Holt has been connected with affairs of importance and litigation involving large interests. 
To overwork and too close application was due his failure in health in 1003. Since that time 
he has been obliged to retire from all active practice. He spends six months of the year on a 
farm a mile from town and resides; winters, at the corner of Broad and Pine Streets, in the 
house built by Nicholas Farwell, Mrs. Holt's grandfather, in 1818. In 1875 Mr. Holt mar- 
ried Clara Elizabeth Farwell, daughter of Charles R. Farwell and Clarissa E. Perkins. They 
have four children, Hermon Holt, Jr., a lawyer in Boston, Mrs, Edward K. Woodsworth, of 
Concord, N. H., Mrs. Henry C. Hawkins, Jr., and Marion E. Holt, of Claremont. 



186 



The Granite Monthly 



purpose, to present the same to the Com- 
mittee to meet at Exeter some time this 
month." At the same time it was voted as 
the sense of the town "that this State make 
a bank of paper currency*' 5 

At a special meeting, February 7, 1788, the 
town voted "to send a Delegate to the Con- 
vention at Exeter, on the second Wednesday 
of February to consider the Constitution of 
the United States"; "Chose Matthias Stone 
as delegate and chose a Committee to give 
him instructions." 



It has been noted that Moses SpafTord and 
David Lynde, the first two settlers, had 



beth Spencer were ''the first couple married 
in Claremont according to the usages of 
civilized society," Satmderson's history of 
Charlestown lias it that the Rev. Bulkeley 

Olcott, who was the minister of thai town, 
settled in May, 1761, and who was often 
called out of town to solemuize marriages, 
performed the first marriage in Claremont, 
iji which this Moses SpuiTord was the party 
of the first part. The name of the bride is 
not given, but it is recounted that SpafTord 
had built a log house, and brought there his 
"intended" who was desirous of considering 
the situation before entering into a life con- 
tract. Being satisfied on the whole, she 



- - 



Resilience of Jlermon Holt 



located here in 1762. They were what is 
generally known as "squatters," but Spaf- 
ford received a deed of land from Col. Samuel 
Ashley, one of the largest landholders among 
the proprietors, and one of the three who 
themselves became residents, though he did 
not himself settle here until about 1782. 
Tlris deed, which conveys title to a tract of 
sixty-one acres of land, is the first recorded 
in the Cheshire County registry, that county 
then including all the Sullivan towns'; Mr. 
SpafTord \s farm was near Ashley's Ferry, as 
it is now known, and it is said that the old cel- 
lar hole, where the house stood, can yet be dis- 
cerned. While it is stated in Waite's History 
of Claremont that Barnabas Ellis and Eliza- 



consented to the arrangement, and Moses 
went to Charlestown for Parson Olcott, being 
reminded by the bride-to-be that there was 
nothing to drink in the house and that he had 
better bring up a pint on his return with the 
.parson, which, it is said, he accordingly did, 
and that, the parson partook of the same, and 
then proceeded to tie the nuptial knot, which, 
whether done in accordance with the usages 
of civilized society or not, was done effectually. 
The fruit of this union was four children— 
two boys and two girls. The eldest son, 
Eiijah, was the jlrst white child born in town. 
Be removed to Kingston, Ont. The other 
son, Amherst, settled in Bingham, Me. One 
daughter married a man named Tarbell, and 



The Clorchiont Anniversary 



387 



the other married Cyrus Jones, to whom Mr. 
Spafford deeded his farm in IS19, being then 
about eighty-eight years of age. Moses 
Spafford served in the Revolutionary War on 
two different enlistments, and was in Capt. 
Oliver A.shley's company, at Saratoga, as a 
sergeant. 

Whatever difficulties and hardships may 
have beset the early settlers of this town, 
they were at least free from the attacks of 
hostile Indians. The red men had prac- 
tically disappeared from the region before the 
first settlers established themselves, though 
tradition has it that one lone member of the 
race, of giant stature and unforgiving dis- 
position, and reputed once to have been a 



The settlement made slow progress at 
first, so far as the increase of population was 
concerned, so that, in 1771, it is said there 
were not over fifty people living in town, and 
of these not all remained through the winter. 
From this time on, until the outbreak of the 
Revolution, however, there was more rapid 
increase, so that when, October 15, 1773, 
Gov. John Wentworth called for an exact 
list of the number of inhabitants in the town, 
distinguished into different ranks or classes, 
the selectmen made return as follows: 

Unmarried men, 16 to 60 years of age .... 41 

Married men, 16 to 60 years of age 66 

Boys 16 years and under 121 

Men 60 years and upwards 2 



1767 Kl'RST INnCSTRmS- 1707 

BUILDS FIRST DAM I> ^ ^.^j ■ ■ i 
SAW.GRlST.r. \ " ' . 

First Industry, 1767 

chief, remained, claiming a certain section Females unmarried 125 

in the west part of the town as his personal Females married 66 

hunting ground, and threatening dire punish- ■??? ' j ' ' . 

ment for any who should trespass upon his 423 

ground. He is said to have been present in „, , , . -.-,-- , , „„ „ nMm j„ „„„ 

fo , , „ _ TT . " _, . Two years later, m 17 75, when a census was 

1773, when the frame of the union Church, r - , . , nr> nr .r„ nf *!_ 

' _, , . ' taken m accordance with an order ot the 

at "West Claremoht, was raised, expressing ,, . . , r ; , Tv , „ ..,„ _„. 

■ . ,. . ' • ,• i Provincial Congress, the return was. 
his Kidignation and reiterating his threats. 

Soon after, Timothy Atkins, a settler who Mates under 16 years of age. . . 148 

*;■■.,-. : , ' LX . .. , Males from 16 to o0, not m the army 12o 

was his match in size and strength, visited AU maleg aboye 5Q yearg of age ]8 

the Indian's grounds, so it is said, with the Persons gone in the army 1 

result that he was never seen or heard of All females 231 

again; but eighty years later Mr. Josiah Hart, r ^ 
while digging on some of the territory which 

the Indian had claimed, unearthed a giant The first framed house built in town, is 

human skeleton, supposed to have been that reputed to have been built by Benedick Roys 

of "Tousa," the last Indian. and to have stood about a hundred rods east 



GEORGE Ae TEXNEY 



The Claremont Anniversary 



389 



of the local ion of the James P. Upham house 
of later days, on Town Hill, but was subse- 
quently removed lo another site. This 
Benedick Roys was the first man buried in 
Claremont. He died July 9, 176v\ aged 
thirty- five years. He was the first Tax Col- 
lector, and was the great-grandfather of Hon. 
David R, Roys, Marshal of the day. 

The first mills were built by Benjamin Tyler. 
a mechanic and millwright, who came into 
town, from Farmington, Conn., in the spring 
of 1767, the grantees having voted Mm two 
acres of land on Sugar River in the west part 
of the town, for a site and yard, and the 
privilege adjacent on condition that he build 
a mill or mills and keep them in repair for 
ten years. He built a dam that season, and 
then returned to Farmington, but brought 
up his wife, six children and household effects 
on an ox sled the next spring, having been 
chosen one of the selectmen of the town at 
the -March meeting, previous to his arrival. 
He built a saw-mill and grist-mill during the 
following summer, the settlers coming from 
a long distance to the raising of the frame of 
the latter. After the completion of the work, 
it is related that a half barrel of rum that 
had also been brought from Connecticut, was 
tapped and so freely did some of the men 
imbibe of the contents that they were unable 
to reach home that night and camped by the 
wayside. These mills soon did a large busi- 
ness, the grist-mill being patronized by 
settlers from a long distance, and the saw- 
mill cutting out lumber for a large amount of 
building all through the region. Mr. Tyler 
was a builder as well as a millwright and 
built houses and barns for many settlers. He 
also built himself quite a pretentious house. 



\ 

I 

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1 

i 

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i 
j 

i 
1 

i 

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i 


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I 

i 

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I 








J 


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Allen C. Cu minings 
Principal of Stevens High School 

for the times, which in later days became 
known as the Maynard tavern. Mr. Tyler 
was a leading man in town affairs, was several 
times selectman and held various other 
offices. 



From the fact that there were a propor- 
tionately large number of loyalists or "tories," 
as the adherents of the crown were generally 
known, in this town in the early days of the 
Revolution, and that there was a secluded 
resort within its limits, not far from the 
present village, where they occasionally met 
and which was a rendezvous at times for 



Georoe A. Te.vxey, son of the laic Hon. Edward J. and Francis (Hall) Tenney, was born 
in Claremont, February 9, 1S64, his father having been for many years a leading citizen of 
Claremont, a member of the State Board of Railroad Commissioners, and Judge of Probate 
for the County of Sullivan for some years previous to his death. He was educated in the pub- 
lic schools of his native town. His first business experience was in a position in the office of 
the auditor of the Boston & Maine Railroad in Boston. Later he was employed in the office 
of the general freight agent of the same corporation, and subsequently had charge of the ac- 
counts of the Northern Railroad at Concord. He was engaged in this line of business for some 
two or three years when he removed to Kansas and entered the banking business. He held 
Various official positions in banks in Kansas, Nebraska and Missouri until 1S92, when he 
returned to his native town, arid was elected cashier of the newly organized Peoples National 
Bank, which position he has held, with that of director since that time. In 1907, he, with others 
with whom he was associated, bought a controlling interest in the Monadnoek Mills, one of 
the important manufacturing establishments of the town, of which corporation he has since 
been treasurer, and has had the general management of the concern under his direction. He 
is also treasurer and manager of the Claremont Gas Light Company and a director of the Con- 
cord & Claremont Railroad. He is a member of the Algonquin Club of Boston. 



390 



The Granite Monthly 



lories from other sections Seeing from the 
wrath of trie patriots, the patriotism of the 
town generally, in ''the days that tried 
men's souls," has sometimes been questioned 
by those not entirely familiar with its history. 
The truth is, however, that Claremont's 
Revolutionary record ranks well with that of 
towns generally throughout the state, so far 
as service in the ranks and substantial sup- 
port of the cause of Independence is con- 
cerned, notwithstanding the considerable 
number of loyalists within the borders, 
against whom strict measures v,evc taken to 
prevent their activity in behalf of the British 
government. 



York. T. Sterne, Joel Hoys, Amasa Fuller, 
Partrick Feilds, Seth Lewis, John Kilborn, 
John West, Stephen Higbee, Edward Hood- 
win, Joseph Ives. Ichabod Hitchcock, Danii 
Curts, Olever Ellsworth, David Rich, Bill 
Bums, Amaziah Knights, Ezra Jones, Joseph 
York, Jacob Rice, Asa Jones, Lemuel Hub- 
bard, David Bates, Barnabas Ellis, Joseph 
Hubbard, Jeremiah Spencer, Gideon Lewis, 
Josiah Stevens, John Peake, Samuel Tuttle, 
Charles Higbe, Ephraim French, Elihu 
Stevens, Jr., Ebenezer Dudley, Josiah Rich, 
Jonathan Parker, Ebenezer Washburn, John 
Adkins, John Goss, William Sims, David 
Adkiiis, Edward Ainsworth, Joel Matthews, 
Amos Conant, John Sprague, James Alden, 
Oliver Ashley, Eleazer Clark, Jr., Benjamin 
Towner, Aimer Matthews, Jonas Stuard > 



; 



12 % 



. ':, 



■■ 



Union Church, 1771 



When the "Association Test," so-called, 
was submitted to the men of the town in the 
spring of 177G, sixt3-eighty attached their 
signatures to the same; sixteen were reported 
then absent in the army, and thirty-one 
declined to sign. This "Test" or declara- 
tion read as follows : 

We, the Subscribers, do hereby solemnly 
engage and promise, that we will to the 
utmost of our Power, at the Risque of our 
Lives and Fortunes, with Arms oppose the 
Hostile proceedings of the British Fleets and 
Armies against the United American Col- 
onies." 

The following are the names of those who 
signed the Test: 

Thomas Goodwin, Mat Unas Stone, Wil- 
liam Osgood, John Spencer, Christopher 



Thomas Duston, Timothy Adkins, Nathaniel 
Goss, Oliver Tuttle, Samuel Ashley, Adam 
Alclen, David Lynd, Eleazer Clark, Moses 
Spafford, Samuel Lews, Elihu Stevens, 
Beriah Murry, Timothy Duston. 

The following named persons were absent 
in the army at the time: 

Lieut. Col. Joseph Wait, Ens. Thomas 
Jones, James Gooden, Peter Fuller, Garshorn 
York, David Lovnds, Jr., Henry Stephens, 
Joseph York, Jr., Rev. Au glisten Hibbard, 
Chaplain, Lieut. ' Joseph Taylor, S. Abner 
Matthews, Jr., Jonathan Fuller, Reuben 
Spencer, Benjamin Towner, Jr., Charles 
Loynds and Jonathan York. 

These are the names of those who refused 
to sign the Test: 

John Thomas, Barnabas Brooks, Capt. 
Benjamin Brooks, Capt. Benjamin Sumner, 



The Clare moat Anniversary 



391 



Rev. -Raima Cosset, Samuel Cole, Levi War- 
ner, Enoch Judd, Lieut. Benjamin Toyler, 
Hezekiah Hoys, Benjamin Lest, James 
Steal, John Hitchcock, Samuel .Thomas, 
Ebenezer Edson, Ben jam-in Brooks, Jr., Dr. 
William Sumner, Joseph Norton. Cornelius 
Brook. Daniel Worner, William Coy, Ebe- 
nezer Judd, Jr., Timothy Granis, Asa Leat, 
Ebcne:;er Judd. Amos Snow. David Dodge, 
An-.cs Cole, Benjamin Peterson, Daniel 
Worner, Jr. and Ebenezer Roys. . 

In this, as in other towns, not all those v.'ho 
declined to sign the '-'Test'' can justly be 
set down as hostile to the cause of independ- 
ence. Some had conscientious scruples 
against bearing arms, while others hesitated 
about binding themselves to do so, who 
subsequently entered the patriot service. 
The majority of them,- however, were earnest 
loyalists, and were brought, with others in 
the region, before- a joint meeting of Com- 



mittees of Safety fc 



fteighbo 



towns and closely examined as to their views. 

Capt. Benjamin Sumner, Samuel Cole, 
Esq., and Rev. Raima Cossitt were found 
"chief advisors'' who might with propriety 
be confined, and it was ordered that their 
names be reported to the Provincial Congress. 
All were required to, and subsequently did 
give up such arms as were in their possession. 
Messrs. Sumner, Cole and Cossitt were, 
later, brought before a Committee of Con- 
gress, appointed to try them, and, after full 
hearing, sentenced to confinement within 
the limits of the town during the continuance 
of the contest. 

It is practically impossible to secure a 
complete list of all Claremont men who were 
enrolled, at one time or another, in the armed 
service of the country during the war of the 
Revolution; but the following names, ob- 
tained, from different sources, are presented 
as nearly a full list: 

Col. Samuel Ashley, Lt.-Col. Joseph Waite, 
Chap. Augustine Hihbard, Capt. Oliver 
Ashley, Lieut. Joseph Taylor, Lieut. Barnabas 
Ellis, Lieut. Asa Jones. Lieut. Jeremiah 
Spencer, Ens. Thomas Jones, Se'rj't. Abner 
Matthews, Serj't. Moses Spafford, Corp. 
Gersham York, Corp. Joseph Clark, Corp. 
Benjamin Brooks, Corp. Amos Conant, 
Edward Ainsworth, Moses Allen, Samuel G. 
Alien, David Atkins, Samuel Bates, Judah 
Benjamin, Asahei Brooks, Barnabas Brooks, 
Asaph Butler. Ezra Butler, Gideon Caterling, 
Benjamin Clark, Dan Clark, Eleazer Clark, 
John Clark, Oliver Cook, Luther Cotton, 
James Dunfee, Thomas Dustin, Joseph Ellis, 



Oliver Elsworth, Ebenezer Fielding, Daniel 
lord, Amasa Fuller, Jonathan Fuller, Peter 
Fuller, James Gooden, Edward Good,..;,. 
Nathaniel /Joss. Edward Grannis, Solomon 
Harris, Josiah Hatch, Levi Higbee, Charlea 
Higsby, Joseph Ives, Stephen Kidder, Gideon 
Kirkland, Amariah Knight, Gideon Lewis, 
Charles Lines. David Lynch, Ebenezer Mat- 
thews, Joel Matthews, Beriah Murry, Joseph 
Norton, Thomas Osgood. William Osgood, 
Asahei Powers, Thomas Powers, Amos Ftice, 
Hezekiah Rice, Joel Rice, Joel Royce, Silas 
Royce, Amos Snow, John Spencer", Reuben 
Spencer, James Spooner, Asa Stearns. Dan- 
iel Stearns, Thomas Sterns, Elisha Stevens, 
Henry Stevens, Josiah Stevens, Roswell Ste- 
vens. Jonas Stewart, Sam Stone, Benjamin 
Towner, Jr., Samuel Tuttle, John terry, 






X 



Willi am P. No! in 

Postmaster 

William Vinton, Jonathan Walker, Daniel 
Warner, Levi Warner, Joseph Woods, Joseph 
Wright, Thomas Wright, Christopher York, 
Gershom York, Jonathan York, Joseph York, 
Joseph York, Jr., William York. 

Many Claremont men were engaged, at 
times during the war, in temporary service 
in special expeditions, etc. 

The following petition to the General 
Court, which has never, so far as 1 am aware, 
appeared in print, presented by Lieut. Jere- 
miah Spencer, with the list of men engaged 
in the special service referred to, may be 
taken as illustration of this fact: 



i 



MRS. BARBARA GALPIN 



The Claremont Anniversary 



393 



Tin: Honorable the General Court of 
the State of New Hampshire. 
Your Humble Petitioner would beg leave 
to represent to Your Honor that in August 
in the Year 17S0 it was reported to your 
Petitioner that their was a Number of the 
Enemy from Canada in this and the adjacent 
Towns, and that they had taken as a Prisoner 
an Inhabitant of the Town of Windsor, In 
consequence of which report He took under 
his Command (being then a Lieu* of the 
Militia) Twenty four Men and went in pur- 
suit of the Enemy, and after Three days 
search in the woods, found Bewil & Johns, 
Tow Lieutenants in the British Army who 
fell into His Hands as Prisoners of War, with 
whom he was detained Three days after they 
were taken with the Men under his Command 
and that Your Petitioner never has direetly 
nor Indirectly rec d any Pay for his aboves d 
Service, therefor begs-that your Honor would 
Order him a Sum of Monv that shall be 



adequate to his 



Services & Expenee and 



Your Petitioner as in duty bound will ever 

Pray 

Claremont Jan ry '20 ;h 

1785 Jeremiah Spencer 

Following is the return of service accom- 
panying the petition: 

Mens Names N° N'° 

days horses 



Lieut 


Jer m Spencer 


6 


i 


Sarg* 


01' Cook 


4 




Corp 1 


Jerum Looinis 


4 


i 




Garshom York 


4 




Priv- 


S. Waterhouse 


4 


l 




Eb r Petty 


6 





Mens Names 


N° 


N c 




days 


horses 


Charles Higbee 


4' 




Levi Higbee 


4 




Sam 11 Spencer 


4 




Comfort Towner 


6 




W m York 


3 




Asa Sterne 


4 


1 


Henry Stevens 


2 




John Spencer 


4 




Joseph Clark 


6 


1 


Asa Jones 


2 




Alarm 






Men Maj r San d Kingsbery 


2 


1 


Cap 1 Sam 11 Ashley 


6 


l 


Doct r Sterne 


6 


i 


Cap 1 Taylor 


6 




IA Jones 


2 . 




L l Ellis 






Ens n Jones 


4 


l 


M r Rich 


3 




The within is a true Return Of the Men 


Lender my Command in the 


taking of 


Bewil 


& Johns In Aug* 1780 






Jer m Spencer 






(Spencer allowed £14-16-4 


for takii 


ig two 


British officers.) 







Many Claremont soldiers of the Revolu- 
tion, undoubtedly, removed from town, after 
the war. The graves of many who remained 
and died here are unmarked and unknown. 
Others who had been engaged in the service, 
made their homes here afterward. The 
graves of all Revolutionary soldiers in the 
town, so far as ascertainable, have been 
properly marked. This was done at first 



Barbaba Galpin, although born in Greenbush, Yt., daughter of Henry Clay and Helen 
Frances Johnson, removed with the family to Claremont when but three years of age. Here 
she was reared and educated and is essentially a Claremont woman, hi whose successful career 
the town takes due pride. Graduating at the Stevens High School, Nellie Barbara Johnson 
married Henry Wallace Galpin when seventeen years of age. In eighteen months she was 
left a widow with a son, George Henry Galpin. In this trying and responsible position she 
manifested the courage, ability and ambition that carried her to the achievement of a noble 
lifework. Settling in Somerville, Mass., she entered the office of the Somerville Journal where 
she has remained for thirty years, mastering the details of every department in this notable 
enterprise. While her executive ability and thorough business training have given her marked 
standing, she is a woman of charming personality and social graces, and warmly devoted to 
broad philanthropic work. Mrs. Galpin has traveled extensively in this country and Europe, 
has written valuable books and articles of travel and lectured much upon this pleasant subject. 
A woman's department in the Somerville Journal, originated and conducted by her, is consid- 
ered a. vital force in the city's development. She has taken a vital interest in hospital, chari- 
table, educational and all lines of elevating work, and when the Massachusetts Legislature pro- 
vided for a "planning board" in every city of more than 10,000 people, the mayor of the city 
named her, with six men, on the Somerville board — the first woman in the state to occupy such 
a position — and she is counted as a most valuable and practical member. Mrs. Galpin belongs 
to many clubs which indicate her activities, among them the New England Woman's Press 
Club, of which she is a charter member, the Professional Woman's Club of Bo~Ston, the Authors' 
Club, the Heptorean Club of Somerville and various others devoted to historical research and 
public work. Personally Mrs. Galpin is a warm-hearted, generous woman, responding readily 
to any call for human service. She finds leisure for social life, and has a wide circle of friends, 
With all the talents and graces of social leadership, she is thoroughly domestic in her tastes, 
devoted to the simple duties of the lovable home-maker, though recognized in the business 
world as a trained, careful and progressive principal. 



391 



The Granite Monthly 



by wooden marker.?, when, in 1894, on 
"Patriot's Day," April 19, the local mem- 
bers of the New Hampshire Society, Sons of 
the American Revolution, decorated the 
graves, this being the first formal ceremony 
of the kind in the country, and carried out 
through the initiative of Mr. Charles B. 
Spofford, then or about that time president 
of that Society, a gentleman whose interest 
and research along historical lines has con- 
tributed much to the general knowledge of 
early town affairs, and to whom I desire 
publicly to acknowledge my indebtedness 
for information, used and unused, in this 
connection. Since that time, bronze markers 
have been placed by the town at all these 



Kilbom, Capfc. Gideon Kirkland, Maj". 
Sanford Kingsbury, Amaziah Knight, Samuel 
Lane. Joel Matthews, James Maxwell, Capt. 
Timothy Munger, Peter Nik $, Joseph Pull- 
ing, Solomon Putnam. Hezekiah Rice, Joel 
Itoyce, Joseph Spaulding, Lieut. John 
Sprague, Elihu Stevens, Jr., Daniel Warner, 
Capt. Thomas Warner, John West, Christo- 
pher York.* 

It may as well be stated in this connection 
as elsewhere that Clarcmont was creditably 
represented in the country's service in the 
war of 1812. Not all names of those engaged 
are available: but those of the following 
Glaremont men, enrolled under different 
enlistments, are presented as a partial list: 

Ensign David Dean, Sergeant James 



: . 



-X^. 









1 " 



The Revolution of 1776 

Making the Betsey Ross Flag 



graves, and they are decorated annually, on 
Memorial Day, in conjunction with those of 
the Civil War and other soldiers, tinder the 
auspices of the Grand Army of the Republic. 
The names of the Revolutionary soldiers 
buried in town, whose graves, located in 
different cemeteries, are marked and whose 
memory is thus honored, aie: 

Col. Samuel Ashley, Capt. Oliver Ashley, 
Lieut. Daniel Ashley, James Aldcn, Daniel 
Bond, Jesse Campbell, John Campbell, David 
Chaffin, Roswell Clapp, Capt. John Cook, 
R.ev. Samuel Cotton, Lemuel Dean, David 
Dexter, Jacob Dirnan, Nathaniel Draper, 
Moody Dust in, Lieut. Barnabas Ellis, Ebe- 
nezer Fielding, Daniel Ford, James Goodwin, 
Nathaniel Goss, Charles Higbee, Stephen 
Higbee, George Hubbard, Lieut. Joseph 
Ives, Miles Johnson, Asa Jones, Capt. John 



Osgood, Sergeant Isaac F. Hunton, Robert 
Angel, Asa Barker, Andrew Bartlett, Shaler 
Buel, James Fisher, Barnes Gilbert, Henry G. 
Lanes, James McDaniels, James McLomng, 
Benjamin Perkins, Samuel Petty, Charles 
A. Saxton, Charles C. Stewart, Benedick 
Taylor. 

The town does not seem to have rallied to 
the support of